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Home Explore Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter August 2021

Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter August 2021

Published by Runjik Productions, 2021-08-02 17:58:12

Description: Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter August 2021


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AUGUST-2021 PRESERVATION  EDUCATION  RESEARCH  INSPIRE Dear Member: The 2021/2022 Season brings a new Board & Officers. See page 4 for their photos and titles. The only change to the previous Board is that we must say goodbye to Don Nelson, who like most volunteers is over committed. We want to thank him for his work, ideas and service. The 2021/2022 season is coming together really nicely and we look forward to September 15 for our first lecture - “The Horror of the Trenches: WWI Trench Warfare & the Flanders Peace Field Project” presented by Dan Stephens. We follow on October 20 with some forgotten Florida history “Checking Into Sarasota’s Past: Yesterday’s Lodging” by Jeff La Hurd. On November 17 we are honored to have the City of Alexandria’s Archaeologist Dr. Eleanor Breen talk to us about her work on the waterfront of the Colonial City of Alexandria VA. The topic is “Archaeology at the River’s Edge”. Please go to our website for the complete Calendar ( Thank you for being a Time Sifters member. Darwin “Smitty” Smith, President [email protected] In Memoriam William Korp Time Sifters President 2005—2009 Time Sifters Archaeology Photos: World Archaeology to Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, Society is sorry to announce the paleoanthropological site the death of a long time had interesting questions for that has been invaluable in supporter and board member, our speakers and enjoyed furthering understanding of Mr. William Korp. Bill and his taking them to dinner for early human evolution. Their wife, Kate, joined Time Sifters further conversation. He and travels also made them true in 1997. He joined the board Kate traveled to archaeological ringers playing archaeological as Vice President in 2000, sites around the world, themed games at Time served as President from 2005- including with their children Sifters’ holiday parties. 2009, and then as Vice President Whether it was identifying a again until 2013. His commitment picture of an archaeological to Time Sifters was a key factor site, a description of an in the society’s continuance excavation, or a poor during some lean years of play-doh facsimile of an transition after many of its ancient sculpture, Bill was founding members retired from usually the first to shout out board leadership. an answer. Time Sifters owes him a debt of gratitude, Bill and Kate were deeply and we will miss his presence committed to learning about when we return to meeting the human story through again. RIP Bill. archaeology and anthropology. Bill

Archaeologists You Should Know Charles Frank Wandesforde Higham Angkor Civilization in Cambodia By Smitty, Time Sifters Board Member. Sources: Wikipedia; Archaeology in France. In 1959, he went Magazine; World Heritage Encyclopedia Edition and Good Reads. to St. Catharine's College, Charles F. W. Photos: World Archaeology Cambridge to Higham was pursue his born in London, Institute of Archaeology, London doctorate. He England on University. His teachers played rugby January 1, included Sir Max Mallowan, for 1939. He is a Sheppard Frere, and Dame Cambridge New Zealand Kathleen Kenyon. During University archaeologist his time at the Institute, he and for most noted for excavated at the Roman Bedford, his work in city of Verulamium and the Eastern Southeast Asia. Counties Among his noted contributions Iron Age and tried to archaeology are his work site of out for the (including several documentaries) Camp du England about the Angkor civilization in Charlat team in Cambodia and his current 1963-64. In work in Northeast Thailand. 1966 he was awarded his He is a research professor at doctorate. In 1964, he married the University of Otago in Polly Askew. They have two Dunedin, New Zealand. sons and two daughters. He was educated in London He and his family moved to were he developed an interest New Zealand in 1966 when in archaeology while at school. he accepted a position at the He spent two years at the University of Otago. In 1969, he began his fieldwork in Thailand with excavations in Roi Et and Khon Kaen Provinces. He joined Chester Gorman between 1972 and 1975 for excavations at Ban Chiang, Pang Mapha District's Banyan Valley Cave, and has subsequently excavated the sites of Ban Na Di (1981–82), Khok Phanom Di (1984–85), Nong Nor (1989–92), Ban Lum Khao (1995–96), Noen U-Loke Continued on page 4 ... Photos:; Ban-Chiang Archaeological Project; Wikipedia: Research gate; World Archaeology.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites #404 - Acropolis, Athens, Greece by: Dr. Steve Derfler, former Time Sifters Board Member. Sources; Educational Resources & World Heritage Site The Acropolis of Athens and important Photos: Wikipedia & its monuments are universal and symbols of the classical spirit charac- such as it was thought that the and civilization and form the teristic mythical King Erechtheus was greatest architectural and monu- buried here. The Pananthenaic artistic complex bequeathed by ment of Procession always ended at the Greek Antiquity to the world. the eastern naos. It has a prostasis on In the second half of the fifth ancient Greek civilization. It the east side, a monumental century BCE, Athens, following the is peripteral, with eight propylon on the north. Most victory against the Persians columns on each of the narrow archaeologists assume that and the establishment of sides and 17 on each of the there was to originally be a democracy, took a leading long ones. Of the Doric style, “west wing” with prostasis to position amongst the other city it measures 117 x 237 ft. The give geometric and aesthetic -states of the ancient world. In central interior, the Cella, balance to the building. It was the age that followed, as must have been frightening damaged, perhaps even before thought and art flourished, an in its day - as petitioners it was finished, by a major fire. exceptional group of artists were dazzled in the dark by It was built by Mnesicles 421- put into effect the ambitious the 45 foot tall statue of 405 BCE. plans of Athenian statesman Athena, gold overlay reflecting Pericles and, under the inspired the warm, buttery light of a On the south side is the Caryatid guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, 100 oil lamps. How did it get Porch, whose statues were transformed the rocky hill into destroyed? As part of the sculpted by Phidias. a unique monument of Morean War (1684–1699), the thought and the arts. The Venetians attacked Athens The Ionic Temple is dedicat- most important monuments and captured the Acropolis. ed to Athena Nike, 427 BCE, by were built during that time: The Ottoman Turks had the architect Kallikrates. Nike the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, fortified the Acropolis and used means \"Victory\" in Greek, and the Erechtheon, the Propy- the Parthenon as a gunpowder Athena was worshiped in this laea, the monumental en- magazine. A Venetian mortar form, as goddess of wisdom. trance to the Acropolis, de- round blew up the magazine, and signed by Mnesicles and the the building was partly destroyed. The Acropolis Museum small temple Athena Nike. Over 300 were killed. opened to the public June The city of Athens and its The Erechthion is a 2009, at the foot of the Acropolis, it Acropolis were inscribed in split-level Ionic temple with is a glass and steel structure 1987 as site #404. four levels. It was named with many sculptures and fantastic views of the Acropolis. During Pericles Golden Age (middle 5th BCE), ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way here and architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground. The monumental gateway to the Acropolis, the Propylaea, is the main entrance to the complex. It comprises a central building and two lateral wings. The colonnades along the west and east sides had a row of Doric columns while two rows of Ionic columns divided the central corridor into three parts. The Parthenon is the most

Continued from page 2 ... Valley. Because of his work, Higham Charles F. W. Higham … has been awarded many (1999-2000), Ban Non Wat casting also began in the 11th honors including: he is a (2002-07) and Non Ban Jak century BCE. His current Fellow of the Society of (2011–17). research involves excavations Antiquaries of London; a at the Iron Age site of Non Corresponding Fellow of the Since 1969 he has set his Ban Jak where he has identified, British Academy; an Honorary sights on filling in what he for the first time in Thailand, Fellow of St. Catharine's College calls \"the tabula rasa\" of an area comprising the Cambridge; a former Fellow of Southeast Asian prehistory by residential quarter of an Iron St. John's College, Cambridge; probing how its hunter- Age town, complete with houses, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of gatherers became farmers, its a lane, an iron working area and New Zealand. He was awarded farmers became metalworkers, several ceramic kilns. In the Grahame Clark Medal of and its village elders became 2018, he was a co-author of a distinguished research in kings. His discoveries and publication on ancient human archaeology by the British books have illuminated a prehistoric DNA from several Academy. He was awarded the culture that stretches back sites in Southeast Asia. The Mason Durie medal by the 30,000 years. result identified a series of Royal Society of New Zealand population movements beginning in 2014. In the 2016 New Year His research at the Bronze with the arrival of anatomically Honors, Higham was appointed Age sites of Ban Non Wat has modern humans over 50,000 an Officer of the New Zealand shown that the initial Bronze years ago and evolving at a Order of Merit for services to Age began in the 11th century later date to the expansion of archaeology. BCE in Southeast Asia. He has rice farmers from the Yangtze re-dated the site of Ban Higham lives with his family Chiang, showing that bronze in Dunedin, New Zealand. The 2021/2022 Time Sifters Officers and Board President Vice President Treasurer Smitty Smith Sherry Svekis Laura Harrison Secretary Membership Director Mary Maisel Karen Jensen Evelyn Mangie Director Director Jean Lammie Marion Almy Board of Officers: Lifetime: $350 Pay online at: Directors Darwin \"Smitty\" Smith, President Individual: $25 Sherry Svekis, Vice President Family: $35 Or mail checks to: Mary S. Maisel, Secretary Student: $10 Time Sifters, Inc. Laura Harrison, Treasurer Supporting $50 PO Box 5283 Karen Jensen, Membership Sarasota, FL. 34277 Marion Almy Jean Louise Lammie Evelyn Mangie Copyright © 2021 Time SiftersArchaeology Society,Inc., All rights reserved.

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