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Home Explore Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter April 2016

Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter April 2016

Published by Runjik Productions, 2016-08-24 17:33:04

Description: Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter April 2016

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A P R I L -2015 April Program April 20 - at 6:00 PM - Selby Library, 1331 First St., Sarasota 34236 2016 Cornelia Futor Memorial Student Paper WinnersDear Member:Your fearless leader (me) is off on a grand road trip, exploring National Parks, historicaland archaeological sites all across the west and into western Canada (slide showcoming up at the holiday party). However, my world is also virtual, so I'll be keeping intouch with our board and still writing the newsletters. VP Smitty will be the cheerfulface at the front of the hall, and he's already lining up a great slate of speakers for next year.I am very disappointed I won't be able to attend our April meeting. Our two presenters have done awesomework on two very different and fascinating topics. Listening to students of course supports their future growthas archaeologists, but its also fun. They bring great energy and enthusiasm, and to win our grant award, theyhave done some top-notch research. Please attend. You won't be disappointed.Two items of business:1. May will be our board elections for the 2016-2017 year. We have a slate of officers and board members butare still looking for someone willing to serve as secretary. Please email me if you might consider this. Theboard meets once a month, the Wednesday before our regular meeting.2. Membership rates are going to go up in September (for the first time in decades). Individual members willpay $25 and families $35. If you'd like to save $5 and renew before that date, please mail us a check, pay bycredit card on our website, or pay at the meeting.Thanks for being a Time Sifters member!Sherry Svekis, President [email protected] 20 - The Student Paper Winners Michael Dorney: The Carceral Shaun West: On Professional Landscape of Japanese American Perspectives and the Public Popularity Internment: Topaz, Utah Relocation of the Solutrean Hypothesis Center (1942-46) Shaun West obtained his BA in Michael Dorney is a fourth-year anthropology at the University of History and Archaeology student Florida (UF), where after attending at New College of Florida. He was a summer field school, he becameborn to a Japanese mother and an American committed to archaeology. After graduating UF, hefather in Houston, TX in 1993, and has lived in was employed for nearly three years as an archae-Miami, FL for the past eight years. At New College, ological field technician for a local culturalContinued on next page … Dorney Continued on next page … West

Dorney continued ... West continued ... he began resource studying management the transnatio nal history of firm, gaining U.S.- Japanese experience relations and the history working on a of Japanese America, variety of pro- subjects that jects in vari- ous places across the state of Flori- da, and else- where. Inincreasingly came to inform his identity as a Japa- 2014, Shaun was accepted to the graduate programnese American. His senior thesis (to be completed at the University of South Florida to study archaeol-in April) combines historical, literary and archaeo- ogy in the Department of Anthropology. He is cur-logical perspectives in an interdisciplinary treat- rently pursuing research at the Woodland Periodment of the internment episode. He hopes to attain site of Kolomoki in southwestern Georgia, where hea PhD in History after graduating from New College, is studying several aspects of the formation anden route to a professional academic career as a development of the village community that onceProfessor.\"The goal of my project is to preserve the historical occupied the site.memory of the Japanese American concentrationcamps administered by the United States govern- “In the early 20th century, archaeologists began toment during World War II, and the nearly 120,000Immigrants and citizens incarcerated therein. Unlike amass a significant body of evidence for thesome of their Nazi counterparts in Europe, none ofthe Japanese American internment camps still stand presence of humans in North America during thetoday. The lack of tangible evidence threatens therecognition of the camps as foundational pieces of Pleistocene. After the discovery at the Folsom site innot only Japanese American heritage, but the herit- New Mexico of stone tools clearly associated with anage of the United States as a whole. By combiningthe military blueprints of the Topaz, Utah intern- Ice Aged Bison, archaeologists came to accept thement camp with illustrations drawn by the internedthemselves I have created a three-dimensional recon- presence of “paleoindians,” formed the “Clovis-first”struction to capture both the functional aspects of thecamp's \"carceral landscape,\" and also the authorship model, and associated the Clovis colonization withof resistance by those incarcerated. This work merg-es landscape archaeology, history and anthropologi- the extinction of Pleistocene mega fauna in Northcal concerns to bring a new, interdisciplinary look tothe subject.\" America. Several flaws in the Clovis-first model has lead to alternative migration models, and one such model commonly referred to as the “Solutrean Hypothesis,” has gained considerable attention in the public press over several years. This paper provides a brief review of the Solutrean Hypothesis, arguments for and against the model, and specula- tion regarding why the topic has received so much press.”Notes from a Time SifterThe Ancient Roots of the KurdsIn Liberated Kobani, Kurds Take Pride Despite established an empire in 612 B.C.E. (Iran Chamber Society)the Devastation (NY Times, 2/1/2015, T. Arango,). the date that the Kurds claim for their founding. That last- ed until Cyrus the Great was able to impose Persian he-The Kurds have been much in the news lately yet many gemony in 550 B.C.E. Nevertheless, their culture was dom-Americans know very little about this ancient culture. The inant in Persia until Alexander the Great conquered theKurds have existed as a society in the Mesopotamian Empire in 331 B.C.E. After that, the Kurds remained asplains and the mountains of the Taurus and Zagros for at small principalities. It was a Turkish sultan who gave theleast 3000 years. Traditionally they were sheep and goat name Kurdistan (“the land of the Kurds”) to their provinces.herders but were known for their military prowess since In the 7th century C.E., many Kurds adopted Sunni Islamancient times and were probably the Kardouchoi that Xen- so Arabic is also an official language, yet the Kurds neverophon speaks of in his Anabasis as those who fought for adopted Arab customs but held fast to their own culturePersia attacking the “Ten Thousand” Greek mercenaries in and traditions.401 B.C.E. Their native tongue is Indo European and it isbelieved that they are related to the ancient Medes who The Kurds rose in political power again as the Ayyubid

Dynasty founded by Kurdish soldiers of fortune in the development of new states from the defeated the 12th century C.E. They were excellent military Ottoman Empire. But Atatürk won his war of in- engineers and built the citadel at Cairo and the mas- dependence for Turkey in 1923 and at the peace sive defenses at Aleppo. They controlled the govern- conference at Lausanne a new treaty was signed ment of this empire that stretched from the Zagros that invalidated the Treaty of Sevres and divided Mountains through Egypt until the 13th century Kurdistan between Turkey, Iran, and the man- when Turkish-Mongolian tribes invaded. After that, dates that became Iraq and Syria. the Kurds split up into several principalities united by language, culture and traditions and were autono- Today, about 25-30 million Kurds still live in their mous but not independent. In the 15th century, the ancient homeland. (Kurdish Institute of Paris, K. Kurdish principalities got caught in a power struggle Nezan. 2/10/2015) but are kept in a minority sta- between the Persians and the Ottoman Turks as they tus. They were allowed some autonomy in Iran, each tried to expand their territories. The Kurds Iraq and Syria but not in Turkey where they are made an alliance with the Ottomans who defeated forbidden to wear traditional clothing, denied eth- the Persians and allowed Kurdistan to govern itself nic identity, restricted in the use of their Kurdish for about 300 years. In the 19th century, the Kurdish language and are called “Mountain Turks” rather people began asking for unity and independence. than Kurds. In response, the Kurds formed an But the Ottomans were able to defeat the Kurdish independence party (PKK) and have engaged in independence movement because Kurdish aristocra- armed struggles since 1978. In Iraq they make up cies were reluctant to give up their elite status. nearly 20% of the population (BBC News, 2/5/16) When the Ottomans were defeated in World War I, and are still known for their military excellence they rushed to the Conference at Versailles to pre- but in 1988 Saddam Hussein used poison gas on sent their claims for the recognition of Kurdistan. them in an attempt to extract them from their oil- Most were thrilled when the Allied Powers passed the rich territories. They regained their autonomous Treaty of Sevres in 1920, recognizing a free Kurdistan, status in Iraq’s new constitution in 2005 and have although some Kurds did not think the territory was joined in the struggle against Al Qaeda and IS. In large enough. The British and French had been given Syria, they are the largest minority, nearly 10% of mandates in the Levant (Sykes-Pico, 1916) to oversee the population (CIA, May 2015) but Amnesty In- ternational claims that the Syrian governmentwww.iranchamber.com persecutes the Kurds. The Iranian government claims to protect the Kurds but recently an Irani- an West Asian analyst said that Iran will not toler- ate Kurdish independence (Azad News Agency, 2/17/2016). Kurds have become an important ally for the U.S-led coalition forces in the war against IS, but Turkey is an ally too, so hostilities against Kurds from their neighbors could cause problems for the coalition. So the Kurds are in a difficult position again and even though they are a legitimate and ancient society, they may never gain the independence that they long for. 68th Annual Florida Anthropological Society Meeting May 19-22, 2016 - Jupiter, FloridaPalm Beach County Archaeological Society is hosting the meeting at the Wyndham Grand Harbourside onthe scenic Intracoastal Waterway.PRELIMINARY SCHEDULE HIGHLIGHTS:Friday Evening Reception – The reception will take place in Dubois Park, one of the largest remainingaboriginal shell mounds on the Atlantic seaboard,Saturday Evening Banquet – Guests will enjoy a rare opportunity to dine “under the stars” with theiconic Jupiter Lighthouse as the centerpiece for the affair. (http://www.jupiterlighthouse.org/index.html).Key Note Speaker: Palm Beach County Archaeologist and Historic Preservation Officer Christian Davenport. Thearchaeology of southeast Florida in general, and Palm Beach County in particular, has been poorlyunderstood for generations due to a lack of professional archaeological research. Davenport has directedmajor investigations including the Boyer Survey of Lake Okeechobee which made international headlinesand was featured in National Geographic. Davenport’s keynote speech will reveal the findings of the BoyerSurvey as well as the discovery of new earthworks in the Glades and along the coast.

Speakers & Events Calendar All to be held at 6:00 PM Selby Library, 1331 First St., Sarasota 34236 April 20Membership 2016 Cornelia Futor Memorial Student Paper Winners 1st and 2nd Place Student Paper PresentersLifetime: $200 Individual: $25Family: $35 Sustaining: $55 May 18Student: $15 RiversofFreedom,LandscapesofLiberty:An Updateon“LookingforPay online at: TimeSifters.org Angola” and the Archaeology of Maroons in FloridaMail checks to: Time Sifters, Inc., Uzi Braram, Ph.D., Professor of Anthropology, Director of the PO Box 5283 New College Public Archaeology Lab Sarasota, FL. 34277 Time Sifters Archaeology Society A Chapter of the Florida Anthropological Society http://timesifters.org/Officers: Board of Directors Copyright © 2016Sherry Svekis, President Time SiftersArchaeologySociety,Inc.,Darwin \"Smitty\" Smith, Vice Pres. Directors: Sharon McConnell All rights reserved.Valerie Jackson Bell, Secretary Robert Bopp Saretta Sparer We send newsletters to peopleCaroline Reed, Treasurer Glenn Cooper Alfonz Lengyel, Director who have attended or expressedKaren Jensen, Membership Evelyn Mangie Emeritus interestin our lecturesand given us their email address.Time Sifters Archaeology SocietyP. O. Box 5283, Sarasota, FL 34277


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