Important Announcement
PubHTML5 Scheduled Server Maintenance on (GMT) Sunday, June 26th, 2:00 am - 8:00 am.
PubHTML5 site will be inoperative during the times indicated!

Home Explore Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter November 2020

Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter November 2020

Published by Runjik Productions, 2020-11-03 14:26:14

Description: Time Sifters Archaeology Society Newsletter November 2020


Read the Text Version

NOVEMBER-2020 PRESERVATION  EDUCATION  RESEARCH  INSPIRE Dear Member: We have decided that the entire Fall season will be presented on ZOOM. The Selby Library is unavailable for large groups and we agree that for safety reasons we should present our lectures on ZOOM. Our November lecture, “Bioarchaeology of Medieval Transylvania ”, is by Dr. Jonathan Bethard, Assistant Professor at USF. A short description follows this letter. We have added the Herald Tribune Newspaper to our In-Depth Series team that also includes ACE (Adult & Community Enrichment). On January 28 & 29 of 2021 we will be presenting via ZOOM “USS Monitor & the Navies of the Civil War”. The four part series will start at 9:30 am and finish by noon, with two, one hour presentations each day. We will have more information about registration soon. Thank you for being a Time Sifters member. Darwin “Smitty” Smith, President [email protected] November 18 - at 6:00 PM – ZOOM. Bioarchaeology of Medieval Transylvania Dr. Jonathan D. Bethard Assistant Professor, University of South Florida Studying People from Medieval Since 2013, he has collaborated Transylvania: Perspectives from with colleagues focused on a Bioarchaeology bioarchaeological project in Transylvania. In studying the past, there is no better source of information than Photos: WorldPress & J. Bethard people themselves. Bioarchaeologists utilize tools from archaeology and biological anthropology to investigate the past in countless places around the world. In this presentation, on-going bioarchaeo- logical research will be discussed that has helped shed light on people who lived in the Transylvanian region of Europe during the medieval period. Jonathan Bethard is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of South Florida. He is a bioarchaeologist and a board- certified forensic anthropologist.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites #87 - Karnak, Egypt by: Dr. Steven Derfler, Time Sifters Member Founded in 1975, UNESCO's a period of 1550-1070 BCE. Its 102 x 53m. Both St. Peter’s in World Heritage mission is to: capital was moved to Thebes Rome and St. Paul’s in London Encourage countries to sign the (modern Luxor) and tremendous could fit in it! There are 134 columns. World Heritage Convention and to building activity was undertaken. Rising over 23 m, the bases are ensure the protection of their nearly 3m diameter; and the natural and cultural heritage; The monumental architecture of columns themselves 2m diameter. Encourage States Parties to the the day was the temple. The temple Convention to nominate sites within complex consisted of a series of The interior of the central temple their national territory for inclusion architectural features. 1) A Causeway complex is a jumble of small on the World Heritage List; and Avenue of Sphinxes - where shrines and sanctuaries. As the Encourage States Parties to royal barges would disembark their complex grew, and space became establish management plans and passengers. 2) A Pylon - a gateway at a premium, the pharaohs built set up reporting systems on the complex that would include festival towards the south. state of conservation of their banners. 3) A Courtyard, open to World Heritage sites. the air, surrounded by a peristyle Between the 3rd-4th Pylons there colonnade 4) A Hypostyle Hall - a originally were four obelisks on The area of ancient Thebes veritable forest of columns. bases; two ascribed to Hatshepsut. Of (modern Luxor) was incorporated 5) Small chapels and storerooms the two remaining, the tallest into the World Heritage Site map - dedicated to the deities 6) An “skewer” is 29m high. They were in 1979 as site #87. The two great Inner Shrine - or Holy of Holies considered to be “petrified rays of temples - Luxor and Karnak - and dedicated to the principal deity. the sun”. So, how long would it the Valley of the Kings and the 7) Sacred Lake - for priestly have taken to create an obelisk. Valley of the Queens are among ablutions. After the First Pylon According to records, it took the great achievements of ancient (gate), which was the last to be Hatshepsut 7 ½ months to have Egypt. In this installment, we’ll built, a magnificent open air courtyard her two obelisks at Karnak cut only cover Karnak. It is the measured 103 x 84m. The north and moved downstream from the world’s largest open-air museum; and south sides have a peristyle quarry at Aswan. 1.5 x 1.2 miles in size. It took with papyrus bundle columns. over 500 years to build. The main small chapel, the Holy Next came the Great Hypostyle of Holies, dates to Hatshepsut The New Kingdom, when Hall of Seti I, with additions by and Thutmose III. Inside is a granite “Egypt Ruled the East”, spanned Ramses II. It is just beyond the altar. To the rear is the sanctuary 2nd Pylon. This magnificent hall is of Thutmose III. Adorning the outer wall is the famous city-list of Thutmose - mentioning the cities conquered. Inside the sanctuary, running around the interior lintel, is the famous Megiddo Inscription of Thutmose III - “The capturing of Megiddo is the capturing 1000 towns.” (1468 BCE) Finally, a 200 x 117 m. Sacred Lake was used for priestly ablutions and ritual purification of sacrificial animals. Today, excavations are still being carried out on the south side, near the 8th - 10thPylons. Photos: Blue Heaven Travel; S. Derfler; Smitty; Planetware; Oriental Tours; S. Derfler.

Notes from a Time Sifter An Idea born 2,500 years ago. By Evelyn Mangie Time Sifters Board Member In 509 BCE, the citizens of the father, patriarch). The pope’s and struggled to be the strongest. small city-state of Rome overthrew its assistants are called the Curia Charlemagne was the most monarchy and created a new (the Republic’s senate house), the government, a republic. The power priests are called clerics (from successful when in 800 CE, he once held by a king was transferred Greek/Latin klqros meaning gained control over several European to a representative assembly \"priest\") and the Christian assembly kingdoms. He legitimized his (a senate) to work with elected was an Ecclesia (Greek/Latin power by having the pope crown magistrates (consuls) to make ekklesia meaning \"those called him as king of a “Holy” Roman laws and maintain the army. out\"). It became a Roman Church Empire. Medieval Russian kings with Roman organization and it boasted that they were the real They added judges (praetors) spread across the huge Roman successors of the Roman Empire who supervised the courts, and empire. It was catholic (from by claiming that Moscow was the censors to count the population. Latin katholikus meaning universal). “third Rome” (Constantinople This system was designed to was the 2nd,), and their kings allow citizens to have a voice in When Rome fell to the various took Caesar’s name, Russianized their government, and to keep barbarian tribes in the late 5th as “tsar”. The German emperor any person from becoming too century CE, the Roman emperor called himself Kaiser (Caesar) powerful. It took a while to develop was eliminated, and its govern- and Napoleon Bonaparte referred but eventually it turned into a ment collapsed. That might have to himself as Consul. The new system that was so successful ended the Republic ideal, but the United States continued the link that it endured there (with local Christians were still served to the Roman Republic. They adjustments) for nearly 500 by the Church that remained as divorced it from the religious years. This simple government the lone survivor of that Roman bent, adjusted words to fit was so admired that even after government. The invading American/English speakers and the Republic fell in 27 BCE, the barbarians mingled with the created a government with an dictatorial Roman Emperors locals and formed small chief- elected assembly (the Senate) pretended that it was still a doms that had no need for a big added the House, (the plebians) republic as they spread their organized government. However, and an executive branch (a consul Empire into Europe and across the settlements soon merged into called a “president” from Latin the Mediterranean. larger kingdoms (Merovingians, praesidens, to sit in front of). Carolingians, etc.), and the only They added a Judicial branch Christianity was born in the 1st model for organized authority (the praetors), and instructions century CE as a faith of the was the Roman Church. for counting the residents (the oppressed during the Empire’s censors). occupation of the Levant. The Through the Dark Ages, the Romans adopted Christianity in leaders of the After 2,500 years the Roman the 4th century CE, organized it Christian kingdoms Republic ideal lives on. and made it a Roman institution mingled the secular that mirrored their government. with the religious Photos: Wikipedia They gave its activities and officials the same names as those given to similar govern- ment entities. The Church’s officials are bishops (English translation of the Latin episcopus, Roman/Greek government official). The highest bishop was given the name of the highest Roman religious official, the Pontiff, (from Etruscan/Latin pontifex= bridge maker), who is also called pope (Greek/Latin for

What’s is it? Can You Help Solve this Artifact Mystery? Sometimes, identifying an artifact and its probable use involves alternating research and speculation. This knotted and linked wire is a mystery. We have found multiple lengths of it at the Manatee Mineral Spring site. It is made out of differing wire gauges and the various links are of differing lengths. The knots are all the same. Any ideas? We’d love to hear them! email [email protected]. New College Public Archaeology Lab Videos Celebrating the Underground Railroad With so many lectures and in-person events canceled, it’s a good time to remember that so much good information, lectures, and discussions are available online. Dr. Uzi Baram, Director of the New College Public Archaeology Laboratory in Sarasota, continues to document the freedom seekers who founded a community on the Manatee River in the early 1800s, which was attacked and destroyed in 1821 by allies of Andrew Jackson. The survivors of this raid escaped to Andros Island in the Bahamas where their descendants live today. Please see the links below. Dr. Baram has been excavating this site for 15 years. Tragedy and Survival: The Southward Movement of Florida Maroons A short introduction. Tea & Trowels: Ep 34 What kind of ancestor do you want to be? Dr. Baram’s personal take on his career and his work documenting Angola. Commemorating Angola 2020: International Underground Railroad Month A visit to the lab, the ongoing process of analyzing the artifacts from January’s excavations, and the meaning of Angola within the larger struggle for Civil Rights. Officers: Board of Directors Copyright © 2020 Darwin \"Smitty\" Smith, President Time SiftersArchaeologySociety,Inc., Sherry Svekis, Vice President Directors: Don Nelson All rights reserved. Marion Almy, Secretary Jean Louise Lammie Mary S. Maisel We send newsletters to people Laura Harrison, Treasurer Evelyn Mangie who have attended or expressed Karen Jensen, Membership interestin our lecturesand given us their email address.

Like this book? You can publish your book online for free in a few minutes!
Create your own flipbook