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Published by Miel Janna Shanelle Sarcia, 2021-12-12 17:09:19



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AMERICAN 11 LITERATURE AGH : 21st CENTURY LIT American Literature, the body of written works produced in the English Language in the United States. Like other national literatures, American literature was shaped by the history of the country that produced it. —------------------------------------------------- THE 17TH CENTURY The history of American literature began with the arrival of English-speaking Europeans in what would become the United States. —-------------------------------------------------- THE 18TH CENTURY During this era, some writers, such as Cotton Mather, carried the older traditions. —-------------------------------------------------- THE NEW NATION A different group of authors became leaders in the new period— Thomas Jefferson and the talented writers of the Federalist papers. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

AMERICAN LIT. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE NOTABLE WORKS OF THE PERIOD POETS & POETRY Poetry became a weapon during the American Revolution. The most memorable American poet of the period was Philip Freneau. WELL-KNOWN WORK: The Wild Honey-Suckle —-------------------------------------------- DRAMA & NOVEL In the years near the closing of the 18th century, both dramas and novels of some historical importance were produced. FIRST AMERICAN COMEDY presented professionally was Royal Tyler’s Contrast (1787). Mark “Father of Twain American Literature”

MEXICAN 11 LITERATURE AGH 21st CENTURY LIT. The original literature of Mexico dates back to the indigenous settlements of Mesoamerica, but with the arrival of the Spanish, many baroque writers could not help but capture a more localized view on Mexican culture. —-------------------------------------------------- MEXICAN AUTHORS are a force to be reckoned with; with big-hitters like Octavio Paz and Juan Rulfo. The unrivaled classic of Mexican literature, Juan Rulfo’s Pedro Páramo (1995) received a lukewarm reception upon its initial release. Octavio Paz is certainly one of the first authors who comes to mind when you think of Mexican literature. Easily his most famous text, El laberinto de la soledad primarily focuses on Mexican identity, honing in on particular events and traditions. Carlos Fuentes ----------------------------------------------- “Father of Mexican Literature”

JAPANESE 11 LITERATURE AGH 21st CENTURY LIT Japanese literature, the body of written works produced by Japanese authors in Japanese or, in its earliest beginnings, at a time when Japan had no written language, in the Chinese classical language. Both in QUANTITY AND QUALITY, Japanese literature ranks as one of the major literatures in the world. —-------------------------------------------------- ORIGIN OF TANKA IN KOJIKI The Kojiki, though revered as the most ancient document concerning the myths and history of Japanese people, was not included in collections of literature until the 20th century. Some songs, however, seem to have been reworked— perhaps when the manuscript was transcribed in the 8th century— into what became the classic Japanese verse form, the TANKA ( short poem ). The first writing of literature in Japanese was occasioned by influence from China.

JAPANESE LIT. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE POETRY PROSE The invention of kana phonetic syllabary Ki Tsurayuki is celebrated also for his enormously facilitated writing in Japanese. Tosa nikki ( 936; The Tosa Diary ) Private collections of poetry in kana began Tosa nikki is the earliest example of a to be compiled in 880, and in 905 the literary diary. Kokinshū ( A Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern ). Modern Literature gesaku writers Even after the arrival of The long closure of the Commodore Matthew C. country and the general Perry’s U.S. Navy fleet in sameness of Tokugawa 1853 and the gradual society for decades at a opening of the country time seemed to have to the West and its atrophied the influence had a imaginations of gesaku noticeable effect on writers. The gesaku Japanese literature. writers were oblivious to the changes in Japanese society. Although the gesaku writers responded with Only after the removal in 1868 of satirical pieces and traditional Japanese fiction the capital to Edo ( renamed Tokyo deriding the new learning, they were helpless ) that the gesaku writers realized that their days of influence were to resist the changes transforming the entire numbered. society. “Father of Japanese Ryūnosuke Literature” Akutagawa

FRENCH 11 LITERATURE AGH 21st CENTURY LIT. French literature, the body of written works in the French Language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. —-------------------------------------------------- FRENCH LITERATURE may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak traditional languages of France other than French. —-------------------------------------------------- It is referred to as Francophone literature. —-------------------------------------------------- France itself ranked first on the list of Nobel Prizes in literature by country. Alexandre Dumas -------------------------------------------------- “Father of French Literature”

FRENCH LIT. 21st CENTURY LITERATURE THE ORIGINS OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE In different regions, local circumstances determined Vulgar Latin’s evolution into the separate tongues that today constitute the family of Romance languages, to which French belongs. —-------------------------------------------- The Romans had introduced written literature, and until the 12th century almost all documents and other texts were in Latin. —-------------------------------------------- Vulgar Latin’s development had not been uniform throughout the area of the langue d’oïl; and, by the time a recognizable Old French had developed, various dialects had evolved. The French derived and heavily language is a from Latin influenced by Romance language Celtic and Frankish.

REFERENCES n%20shortly%20after,the%20father%20of%20American%20literature.%E2%80%9D

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