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Health Science Flipbook

Published by Reese Miller, 2020-09-15 12:37:48

Description: Health Science Flipbook


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Body Systems Flipbook 2B Health Science By: Reese Miller

Integumentary System Function: The integumentary system serves multiple functions, including: protection, body Key Terms temperature maintenance, excretion, and perception of stimuli. derm/o, dermat/o- skin Diseases/disorders: kerat/o- hard, horn-shaped tissue Acne- Inflammatory disorder of the xer/o- dry sebaceous glands xanth/o- yellow Albinism- An inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin, resulting in erythr/o- red lip/o- fat extremely pale skin and white hair. pedicu/o- fingernail, toenail onych/o- nail rhytid/o- wrinkle Gangrene- Necrosis , or death, of tissue due myc/o- fungus to loss of blood supply, followed by bacterial albin/o- white, deficient infection. pigmentation Keloid- An abnormally raised, thickened scar pil/o- hair; hair follicle Integumentary system continued on next page

Integumentary System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Skin- the thin layer of tissue forming the natural outer covering of the body of a person or animal. Dermatologist- a physician who diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the skin, hair, and nails. Hair- any of the fine threadlike strands growing from the Dermatologists also perform surgery. skin of humans, mammals, and some other animals. Dermatology Technician- A dermatology technician, Nails- the flattish horny part on the upper surface of the also called a dermatology assistant, is a specialized tip of each finger. medical assistant who works in the skin-care field. Keratin- a fibrous protein forming the main structural Subcutaneous Layer- The subcutaneous tissue, also known as the constituent of hair, feathers, hoofs, claws, horns, etc. hypodermis or superficial fascia, is the layer of tissue that underlies the skin. Dermis- the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis which forms the true skin, containing blood capillaries, Eczema- Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic or recurrent nerve endings, sweat glands, hair follicles, and other inflammatory skin disease that usually begins in the first few years structures. of life. Epidermis- The epidermis is the outermost of the three Acne- the occurrence of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in layers that make up the skin, the inner layers being the the skin. dermis and hypodermis. Sweat Glands- a small gland that secretes sweat, situated in the dermis of the skin.

Integumentary System Dallas Vein Institute 4.9 (33) · Vascular surgeon 24.6 mi · 3500 Oak Lawn Ave Suite 760 Open ⋅ Closes 4:30PM · (972) 646-8346 Their website mentions integumentary system and treatment

Musculoskeletal System Function: Muscles attach to bones directly or through tendons or aponeuroses. Skeletal Key Terms: muscles maintain posture, stabilize bones and my/o- muscle joints, control internal movement, and myel/o- bone marrow, spinal cord generate heat. Skeletal muscle fibers are long, oste/o- bone multinucleated cells. cost/o- rib crani/o- skull Diseases/ disorders: -pexy - surgical fixation chondr/o- cartilage Arthralgia- pain in a joint or joints. arthr/o- joint -plegia - paralysis Chondromalacia- softening of the cartilage kinesi/o- movement Atrophy- Wasting away or shrinking of muscle size. Hemiplegia- Total paralysis on one side of the body. Musculoskeletal system continued on next page

Musculoskeletal System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Ligament- fibrous tissue connecting bones to other bones. Orthopedic Surgeon- is a branch of medicine focused on treating or correcting Malleolus- round process on both sides of the musculoskeletal conditions, including spine ankle joint. and joint injuries or deformities. Osseous tissue- bone tissue Prosthetist- is a person who measures, designs, fabricates, fits, and services a Ossification- process of bone formation prosthesis, or artificial limb. Osteoblast- bone cell that helps form bony Suture joint- immovable joint, such as between tissue. the bone sof the skull. Physiatrist- medical doctor specializing in Synovial joint- a freely movable joint rehabilitation. Sinus- hollow air cavity within a bone Articulation- any type of joint

Musculoskeletal System Dr. Waleed El-Feky, MD Clinical Neurophysiology • Male • Age 53 Accepting new patients Sleep Disorders, Neuromuscular and Movement Disorders, and More Telehealth services available Texas Neurology PA 6301 Gaston Ave Dallas, TX 75214 Make an Appointment

Nervous System Function: The nervous system continuously relays messages to and from the brain or Key Terms: spinal cord and controls bodily activity. neur/o- nerve encephal/o- brain DIseases/disorders: myel/o- muscle ambul/o- walk Alzheimer’s Disease- A form of dementia -esthesia - feeling, sensation (progressive mental deterioration) resulting mening/o- meninges from atrophy of the frontal and occipital lobes psych/o- mind of the brain. concuss/o- shaken Brain Tumor- Any intracranial mass, which may be neoplastic (a new growth), cystic (a sac containing fluid), or inflammatory (an abscess). Cerebral Contusion- Bruising in the cerebral tissue. Tremor- An involuntary, repetitive trembling of the body or limbs.

Nervous System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Dendrite- short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron Physician Anesthesiologist- A doctor who administers general anesthesia or an Neuron- a cell that is specialized to conduct anesthetic to patients before surgery. nerve impulses Neurosurgeon- A physician who specializes in Axon- long nerve fiber that conducts impulses treating diseases and conditions of the away from a cell nervous system. Central Nervous System- the portion of the Nerve- a bundle of fibers running to organs vertebrate nervous system consisting of the and tissues of the body brain and spinal cord Peripheral Nervous System- the section of the Nervous system- the sensory and control nervous system lying outside the brain and apparatus consisting of a network of nerve spinal cord cells Nerve Cell Body- Location of the nucleus in a Cell- the basic structural and functional unit of neuron all organisms.

Nervous System Neurological Surgeons-Dallas No reviews · Doctor 20.5 mi · 7515 Greenville Ave (214) 691-2111

Special Senses Function: The special senses are involved in the nervous system function of sensory input. Key Terms: The primary sense organ for vision is the eye. irid/o- iris The structures of the outer and middle ear -cusis - hearing are involved in hearing. The structures of the -opia - ear condition inner ear are involved in both hearing and ot/o- ear equilibrium. The nose is responsible for the tympan/o- eardrum sense of smell. The tongue is responsible for opthalm/o- eye helping articulate words. The skin is -metry - process of measuring responsible for our sense of touch. Diseases/disorders: Chalazion- A small, hard, cystic mass on the eyelid caused by a blocked oil gland. Dacryocystitis- Blockage, inflammation, and infection of a nasolacrimal duct and lacrimal sac. Exotropia- Form of strabismus in which one or both eyes turn outward.

Special Senses Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Special Sense Receptors- large complex sensory organs or localized clusters of receptors Optometrist- An optometrist is responsible for performing eye exams and diagnosing any Accessory Structures(of the eye)- Includes the injuries, impairments, or diseases of the eye. extrinsic eye muscle, eyelids, conjunctiva, and lacrimal apparatus Audiologist- An audiologist is a specialist who works with hearing, balance, and related Eyelids- protect the eyes anteriorly disorders. Audiologists test patients for hearing loss. Canthus- the medial and lateral commissure; corners of the eye Pinkeye- infectious form of conjunctivitis Eyelashes- project from the border of each eyelid Conjunctiva- lines the eyelids and covers part of the outer surface of the eyeball Tarsal Glands- modified sebaceous glands associated with the eyelid edges Lacrimal Canaliculi- where the tears flush across the eyeball medially Conjunctivitis- inflammation of the conjunctiva

Special Senses Dallas ENT Head & Neck Surgery (21) · Doctor 27.9 mi · Pavilion III Parking, 1411 N Beckley Ave #363 Open ⋅ Closes 5PM · (214) 438-5188

Cardiovascular System Functions: The cardiovascular system, or circulatory system, consists of the heart, the Key Terms: network of blood vessels throughout the cardi/o- heart body, the blood, and the blood cells. angi/o- blood or lymph vessels hem/o, hemat/o- blood Diseases/disorders: Brady- slow Tacky- fast Aneurysm- Localized, balloon like dilation of a thromb/o- clot blood vessel, usually an artery. -emia - ? leuk/o- white blood cells Bradycardia- Slow heart rate. erythr/o- red arteri/o- artery Flutter- Condition in which the atria beat more rapidly than the ventricles, causing a quivering movement; atrial flutter. Fibrillation- Rapid, spontaneous contractions of the muscle fibers in the atria or ventricles; atrial fibrillation or ventricular fibrillation.

Cardiovascular System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Aorta- Largest artery in the body. Cardiologist- A cardiologist is a physician who Arteriole- Small artery. specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases and conditions. Atrium- (plural: atria) One of two upper chambers of the heart. Telemetry Nurse- A telemetry nurse monitors patients’ heart rhythm using sophisticated Atria- (singular: atrium) One of two upper equipment. Telemetry nurses work with chambers of the heart. physicians to develop treatment plans for patients in the telemetry unit. Deoxygenated Blood- Blood that is oxygen-poor. Pericardium- Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart. Endocardium- Inner lining of the heart. Sphygmomanometer- Instrument to measure Endothelium- Innermost lining of blood blood pressure. vessels. Venule- Small vein. Myocardium- Muscular, middle layer of the heart.

Cardiovascular System HeartPlace Baylor Heart & Vascular Hospital-BHVH 4.0 (4) · Medical clinic 26.4 mi · 3409 Worth St Suite 500 Open ⋅ Closes 5PM · (214) 841-2000

Respiratory System Function: The respiratory system has crucial, life-sustaining functions. These include Key Terms: 1.inhaling (breathing in) fresh air bronch/o- windpipe 2. Exchanging harmful carbon dioxide (a cyan/o- blue metabolic waste product) for life-sustaining laryng/o- larynx oxygen between the tiny air sacs of the lungs -oxia - ? and the bloodstream Oxy- oxygen pleur/o- pleura, serous membrane that enfolds lung 3. Exhaling (breathing out) old, stale air. pneum/o- lung; air pulmon/o- lung Diseases/disorders: thorac/o- chest trache/o- trachea; windpipe Apnea- Temporary interruption of breathing. Dyspnea- Difficult or painful breathing. Eupnea- Condition of normal breathing. Hyperpnea- Condition of deeper than normal breathing.

Respiratory System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Bronchi- The passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs Respiratory Therapist- A respiratory therapist cares for patients who suffer from health Bronchioles- progressively smaller tubular conditions and diseases that affect their branches of the airways breathing. Mucus- protective secretion of the mucous Pulmonologist- A pulmonologist is a medical membranes doctor who diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the lungs and of the Breathing- passing or able to pass air in and cardiopulmonary system. out of the lungs normally Residual volume- air that cannot be Lungs- Main organ of the respiratory system voluntarily be exhaled (1200ml) Goblet Cells- cells that secrete mucus Epiglottis- protects the superior opening of the larynx Pharynx- Performs as a familiar passageway for food and air Main Bronchi- Division of the Trachea

Respiratory System Baylor Scott & White Pulmonary and Critical Care Specialists - Dallas No reviews · Pulmonologist 26.3 mi · 3417 Gaston Ave Ste 950 (469) 800-8070

Digestive System Function: The major functions of the digestive system are ingestion, digestion, Key Terms: absorption, and elimination. The organs of cholecyst/o- gallbladder the digestive system all participate in one or enter/o- intestines (small intestines) more of these functions. col/o, colon/o- colon (large intestines) hepat/o- liver Diseases/disorders: gastr/o- stomach or/o- mouth Appendicitis- Inflammation of the appendix; -pepsia - digestion caused by a blockage that results in infection. chol/e- bile; gall proct/o- rectum; anus Cholecystitis- Inflammation of the gallbladder. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)- Backward flow of stomach acids into the esophagus. Hernia- Protrusion of an organ or structure through the muscle that normally contains it.

Digestive System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Ingestion- the act of eating food or drinking; the first stage of food processing Gastroenterologist- A gastroenterologist is a physician who specializes in diseases and conditions Alimentary Canal- digestive tube that extends of the digestive system. from the mouth to the anus Dental Hygienist- A dental hygienist works under the Pharynx- the junction in the throat of the supervision of a dentist. Dental hygienists are alimentary canal and the trachea licensed to clean and remove stains from teeth, take and develop X-rays, give fluoride treatments, and Undernutrition- condition caused by a diet educate patients about oral hygiene. deficient in Calories Ileum- the last part of the small intestine before the Obesity- condition of being significantly large intestine begins overweight Intestines- the part of the alimentary canal located Bulimia- eating disorder characterized by between the stomach and the anus bingeing and purging Transverse Colon- the part of the large intestine that Appendix- a small sac located on the cecum runs horizontally across the abdomen

Digestive System Digestive Health Associates of Texas 3.1 (7) · Gastroenterologist 20.6 mi · Lb. 101, 8220 Walnut Hill Ln Ste. 214 Open now · (214) 368-6707

Urinary System Function: The urinary system performs four major functions in the human body. These are Key Terms: filtration, waste storage and excretion, -cele - hernia, swelling, protrusion hormone production, and the maintenance of -lysis - breakdown, separation, loosening homeostasis. cyst/o- cyst; sac nephr/o- kidney Diseases/disorders: ren/o- kidney -uria - urination, condition of urine Cystitis- Inflammation of the bladder. -pexy - surgical fixation -ectasis - ? Cystolithiasis- Calculi of the urinary bladder; pyel/o- renal pelvis bladder stones. Diabetes- A condition characterized by excessive amounts of urine. Interstitial Cystitis- Chronic inflammation of the bladder wall.

Urinary System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Arteriole- small artery Dialysis Technician- A dialysis technician Catheter- Tube for injecting or removing fluids operates machines that remove metabolic waste products and excess fluids from the Meatus- opening or canal blood of patients whose kidneys are not functioning properly. Nitrogenous Waste- substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine. Urologist- A urologist is a physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary system Renal Artery- Blood vessel that carries blood to and the male’s reproductive tract. the kidney Urethra- Tube leading from the urinary Renal Pelvis- Central collection region in the bladder to the outside of the body. kidney Uric Acid- nitrogenous waste excreted in the Trigone- Triangular area in the urinary bladder. urine. Urea- major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.

Urinary System Urology Clinics of North Texas No reviews · Doctor 19.8 mi · 007289001501A0000

Reproductive System Functions: (male) The primary function of the male reproductive system is to facilitate Key Terms: conception, or the fertilization of the ovum (the female sex cell) by a sperm. cervic/o- cervix salping/o- Eustachian (auditory) tube; fallopian tube (female) The female reproductive system is ov/o- ovum (egg) uniquely designed to produce new life. orchid/o- testis; testicle oophor/o- ovary Diseases/disorders: men/o- menses; menstruation mamm/o- breast Cystocele- Hernia of the bladder that protrudes gynec/o- female; woman (bulges) through the vaginal wall. colp/o- vagina prostat/o- prostate gland Endometrial Cancer- Malignant cancer of the endometrium. Azoospermia- Absence of sperm in the semen, leading to infertility. Hydrocele- Condition of a fluid filled sac in or around a testis; characterized by swelling of the scrotum or testes.

Reproductive System Vocab: Healthcare Careers: Amenorrhea- absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow Obstetrician/Gynecologist- A physician who practices obstetrics and gynecology is called Cervix- the opening to the uterus an obstetrician/ gynecologist (OB/GYN). Dysmenorrhea- painful menstrual flow Oncologist- An oncologist is a physician who specializes in patients who have been Endometriosis- the presence of endometrium diagnosed with cancer. elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus Meiosos- cell division that produces sex cells Gamete- specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction Spermatogenesis- the production of sperm cells Hysterectomy- surgical removal of the uterus Infertility- incapable or reproduction Mammogram- X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast

Reproductive System Fertility & Advanced Reproductive Medicine Clinic - UT Southwestern 3.6 (5) · Fertility clinic 23.9 mi · 1801 Inwood Rd 6th Floor, Suite 616 Open ⋅ Closes 5PM · (214) 645-3858

10 extra points! I feel that I have earned the ten extra points because I organized my flipbook really well and I have also included examples of facilities in Dallas and Frisco that are specialized in that specific body area. Each facility is located on the picture slide of every system.

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