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Practical Photoshop

Published by digital.literansel, 2021-01-10 09:15:21

Description: Practical Photoshop edisi Januari 2021

Keywords: Practical Photoshop,Photoshop


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Editor James Paterson Art Editor Rosie Webber Production Editor Richard Hill Content Director Chris George Senior Art Editor Warren Brown Welcome to issue 118 of Practical Photoshop! DOWNLOAD THE If you enjoy the issue, why not subscribe and get PROJECT FILES a whole year for just $19.99? To download this This issue, we take a look at some of our favorite issue's files, type tools and techniques for edits that are effective on the following link most, if not all, of the images you open. Elsewhere you’ll find top techniques for moody monochrome into your web portraits and automatic sky replacement, and you’ll browser on your learn how to create our amazing cover image. PC or Mac: James Paterson, Editor • [email protected] FIND US HERE… Also available on: HIGHLIGHTS: WHAT’S INSIDE… 7 BEST-EVER B&W PORTRAITS SKY REPLACEMENT MAKE THE LIGHTROOM PHOTO EDITS THE BEST WAY EXPLAINED COVER IMAGE SKILLS n Top tips for n Make punchy n Get to grips n Shoot and edit an n Tone your videos photo fixes and monochome with this new incredible dancer in Lightroom with enhancements images with ease AI‑powered tool in flowing paints simple controls

BEST- EVER IMAGE EDITS No matter what the image is, there are certain go-to tools and tricks that have served us well time and time again. Here are seven of our favorites...

WATCH THE VIDEO 1 KICK-START YOUR EDITING WITH PROFILES Profiles have been There are some Profiles deeper into Profiles, and around for a couple that are designed for raw you’ll discover even more of years now, and have photos, and others that benefits. You can create changed the way many let you apply a specific your own Profiles (Alt- of us edit our photos. look or color treatment. click the New Preset icon Available in Camera Raw Once done, you can use an in the Preset Panel) and or Lightroom’s Basic Panel, Amount slider to control the even include LUTs made in Profiles are simply starting strength of the effect (raw Photoshop or downloaded points for further edits. profiles excluded). Delve from elsewhere.


K8P0V4L 2 MAKE LOCAL ADJUSTMENTS WATCH THE VIDEO When it comes to the colors in foliage. This is where the editing your photos, One option is to make Adjustment Brush comes one of the most important universal changes to your in. This tool is one of our things to consider is how image to achieve this – favorites, and – with the you‘d like different areas perhaps by adjusting the recently introduced Hue of the frame to look. In a Shadows and Highlights adjustments and Range landscape, for example, sliders in Camera Raw or Masking feature – it keeps you can enhance the tones Lightroom. But often the getting better and better. in a sky, pull out textures better option is to isolate Simply paint over an area in rocks, tease out hidden a specific area, then make with the Adjustment Brush shadow detail, claw back local adjustments that are then use the tonal sliders blown highlights, or boost tailored specifically to it. to alter the area…

01START PAINTING In either Camera Raw or Lightroom, grab the Adjustment Brush from the toolbar, then begin painting over an area of the image. You can use the ] and [ keys to resize the brush tip as you paint, or turn on Auto- Mask to make the brush snap on to edges. Holding Alt allows you to subtract. 02 FINE-TUNE THE OVERLAY 03 BOOST THE AREA You can check the area covered by Move to the sliders on the right to the mask by tapping Y (Camera Raw) or O begin enhancing the area defined by the (Lightroom). If you want to fine-tune the brush. Here we’ve used them to boost the mask even more, you can use the Range colors in the sky by increasing Saturation Mask settings to restrict it to certain and Clarity. Everything remains editable, colors, or to a certain luminance range so you can tweak the mask overlay or like the highlights or shadows. sliders at any time.

3 THE POWER OF S-CURVES An S-curve lets you line, then make a second the center point to adjust increase contrast and point and drag down near the midtones. By making saturation at once, making the bottom of the line to the S shape top-heavy you images look instantly create a shallow S-shape. lift the highlights more; bolder. To create an S-curve, The steeper the S, the by making it bottom- use either the Tone Curve stronger the contrast. heavy, you emphasize the panel in Camera Raw or shadows. Curves takes a Lightroom, or the Curves You can add anchor little getting used to, but command in Photoshop. points to peg the line in it offers a degree of control Drag one point upwards place and prevent parts that can’t be matched by near the top of the diagonal of the range from being using simple sliders. altered, or make changes to

4 USE VIBRANCE FOR COLOR BOOSTS A simple yet hugely useful command, Vibrance works by boosting the weaker colors in an image. Most of the time, images will display a mix of bold colors and others that don’t stand out as much. Vibrance is useful because it lets you target and enhance dull colors without pushing the already-strong colors too far. Vibrance is great for giving colors a boost without making them look unnaturally over- processed. Here, for example, it lets us make the muted colors in the blue backdrop much stronger without pushing the strong reds in the coat too far and overdoing it.

5 MAKE AUTOMATIC SELECTIONS IN SECONDS Of all the WATCH THE VIDEO updates to Photoshop we’ve seen in the last couple of years, the new AI-powered selections are our favorite. With a couple of clicks, you’re able to make a precise selection of a sky, a person or many other types of subject without getting involved in making fiddly selections. Even if it’s not perfect, it’s usually 90% of the way there. Once the area is isolated, making powerful edits like dropping in a new sky or replacing a backdrop is simple. But it’s also a big time-saver for subtle edits, like changing the backdrop warmth with the Fall Colors LUT adjustment, like this.

6 SET BLACK AND WHITE POINTS This is one WHITE POINT BLACK POINT of the most basic edits you can do, but it will help most of the images you edit. In general, it’s best for an image to display a wide range of tones from black to white (unless a muted, low-contrast look is what you’re after). If you Alt-drag the Whites or Black sliders in Camera Raw or Lightroom, your view shows pixels that are clipped to pure black or white. Clipped pixels are typically something to avoid, so you can drag Blacks and Whites to a point just before they appear. In Photoshop, you can Alt-drag the black and white points in the Levels and Curves command for a view of clipped pixels in the image.

7 USE AUTO COLOR AND FADE Here’s a quick fix pressing Cmd/Ctrl+Shift+B play: the Fade command. for color casts that to run the Auto-Color Press Cmd/Ctrl+Shift+F gives you fine control command. More often to bring it up. Fade lets you over the results. The than not, the colors will gradually fade out the last- Auto-Color command in look better. used command, whatever Photoshop is an underrated it may be. As such, you can tool for automated color However, sometimes the tone down the results of corrections. If your image command goes too far. This the Auto-Color fix until it displays a color cast, try is where another invaluable looks right. hidden feature comes into

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WATCH THE VIDEO BEFORE AFTER GIVE YOUR SCENE A BRAND‑NEW SKY Thanks to AI, Photoshop CC 2021 can replace skies in seconds with just a couple of clicks In October Adobe Of course, there’s a whole example, or other intricate released the latest debate around whether details like tree branches version of Photoshop. One the act of sky replacement and buildings. of Photoshop CC 2021’s tarnishes landscape headline features is the photography, diminishing This release also new Sky Replacement Tool, the joy of capturing a real- introduces Neural Filters, which uses machine learning life scene. But leaving that which – among other things to automatically recognize aside, the Sky Replacement – automatically colorize old the sky in your outdoor Tool is astonishingly good photos and generate smiles photos, isolate it and drop in at what it does. It’s able in your portraits. Along another sky of your choice. to isolate even difficult with Sky Replacement, You can now replace a dull areas of sky, like the gaps these features represent sky with a few clicks. between the pier in our an exciting new era of AI- powered Photoshop tools. DOWNLOAD THE PROJECT FILES HERE ON YOUR PC OR MAC

2 1 3 1 2 3 CHOOSE A SKY USE YOUR OWN EDGE ADJUSTMENT AND SKY BRUSH Open the photo you want to As well as using any of the work on, then go to Edit > selection of skies provided The automatic sky selection Sky Replacement to begin. by Adobe, you can also load Photoshop makes is usually (If you just want to select the sky without replacing in your own images. It’s very good, but it may not it, choose Select > Sky). probably a good idea to build be perfect every time. Use Photoshop automatically up your own library of skies, these sliders to fine-tune isolates the sky, then the transition between land replaces it with another. as the Adobe choices will and sky. Shift Edge pushes Just choose a new sky undoubtedly be used widely. the edge up or down, and Fade Edge makes the edge from the dropdown. They’re Click the cog icon here to harder or more feathered. divided into categories like load your own images. You can also use the Sky Photoshop will automatically Brush in the toolbar to paint Blue Skies, Spectacular locate the area of sky from in more sky, or hold down and Sunsets. You can drag any image you choose, so skies between folders to the image needn’t be just the Alt key and paint to sky, and there’s no need to remove sky. organize them. crop it beforehand.

6 4 5 4 5 5 SCALE AND MOVE FOREGROUND SKY ADJUSTMENTS ADJUSTMENTS Drag the sky to change its It’s worth spending time position. With larger- This impressive command fine-tuning the look of the employs AI to recognize the sky and land, so the colors resolution images, you’ll subject and isolate it for you. and lighting look natural. You find that Adobe’s skies will It’s not always perfect, but can alter the brightness of only just fit, so if you want it’s often a useful starting the sky or make the colors to move the position, you’ll point for a selection. Here warmer or cooler with the we can begin by using the need to increase Scale tool to select the tree, then sliders here. (When you first so that it’s larger in perfect the selection, using alter these settings, you’ll the frame. Adjusting Scale notice the tones in the land can also be helpful for the Magic Wand to seek change too.) If you choose to matching the perspective of out any gaps between the output as New Layers, you the sky with the land below. leaves. If you need to quickly can tweak the look later by If you like, you can also flip lock on to an object, Select the sky, which can be useful Subject is usually a good altering the resulting for matching the direction of Brightness/Contrast and light with the scene below. place to begin. Color Balance layers.

BOLD AND BEAUTIFUL B&W James Patterson uncovers the best monochrome tools and settings for your portraits using Lightroom and Photoshop Black-and-white BEFORE AFTER treatments and portraiture go hand in hand. WATCH THE VIDEO level. Here, for example, it But what’s the best way to emphasizes the strong pose, strip out the color, and what brings out the contrast in other edits can we make the patterned clothing, and to enhance a monochrome people in color. We know strengthens the play of light image? In this tutorial, we’ll what color skin tones and across the face. We’ll begin explore a few techniques hair are without needing our workflow in Lightroom, you can use to create to be shown, so we don’t then head into Photoshop stunning black-and-white necessarily need them to to finish off. portraits, from the best be present in an image. conversion tools to essential enhancements, such as As such, a bold dodging and burning. monochrome effect can Converting a photo to elevate a portrait to a new black and white shouldn’t just be an ‘effect’: there should be a reason behind the change. Perhaps the monochrome tones enhance the subject, or draws attention to textures and form. Or perhaps the color is a distraction, and its removal gives the viewer breathing space to focus on other aspects of the photograph. With portraits in particular, color can be an unnecessary addition. By stripping it away, you can draw the focus to things like the expression and shape. Besides, we’re all accustomed to seeing DOWNLOAD THE PROJECT FILES HERE ON YOUR PC OR MAC

01 CHOOSE A B&W PROFILE Import the photo into Lightroom, then go to the Develop Module. Go to the Profile Browser at the top of the panels on the right, click the grid icon and choose a black-and-white profile for your image – use Adobe B&W or experiment with the B&W profile set. We’ve used BW10 here. 02 BOOST THE CONTRAST Use Lightroom’s Basic Panel sliders to tweak the exposure. Hold Alt while dragging the Blacks and Whites sliders to show clipped pixels. Drag to a point just before they start to show. Next, go to the Tone Curve Panel. Plot an S-shaped curve line, like this, to boost contrast. 03 FINE-TUNE THE CONVERSION Go to the B&W Panel on the right. We can use the color sliders in this panel to tune the conversion, by altering the brightness of these color ranges. We can also click the target icon and drag over the image. Drag up over the skin a bit to lift it, then release the mouse button and drag down over the backdrop.

04DARKEN THE FACE To make selective adjustments, select the Adjustment Brush from the toolbar and paint over the face. Reduce the Shadows slider to darken the face. When that’s done, click New to make another adjustment. This time, paint over the clothes and increase Contrast to boost the patterns in the fabric. 05 SOFTEN UP BLOTCHY SKIN Black-and-white can emphasize blotchiness in skin. To soften it, paint over the area with the Adjustment Brush. (Press O to toggle a mask overlay to see where you’ve painted.). Once done, reduce the Texture slider to about -50. This reduces blotchiness while retaining fine texture. 06 DODGE AND BURN Let’s switch to Photoshop to work on some tonal details. Right-click the image and select Edit In > Photoshop. Duplicate the Background layer with Cmd/ Ctrl+J and grab the Burn Tool from the toolbar. Set it to Shadows, then paint to darken any areas you like. Use the Dodge Tool to lift areas you think need a boost.

LIQUID MOTION James Paterson reshapes images into a stunning digital abstract figure with photography and Photoshop WATCH THE VIDEO Here we’ll look at how in one. So if you’re mainly lighting, you can use natural to craft a colorful interested in capturing light at a push, but you’ll dancer image from a series beautiful paint abstracts, get better results with of photos of paint. This you can follow along with an off-camera flash – any involves both shooting skills the first part; if you’d rather budget model will do. The and Photoshop techniques. work on the Photoshop flash helps to bring out the First, we’ll get set up to skills, you can skip the colors in the paints, and shoot vibrant photos of shooting part and use the freezes the action as the paint by capturing the colors supplied images to craft paint travels through the as they travel through water. your own painterly figures. tank of water. We’ll also look Once done, we’ll progress at how to get set up with into Photoshop, where we’ll For the shoot, we need your off-camera flash and warp the photos into the a clear container full of how to expose for the shot. shape of our dancer. As such, water. A fish tank is ideal, We’ll then move on to the this is effectively two skills but any clear plastic or glass Photoshop part... container will do. For the DOWNLOAD THE PROJECT FILES HERE ON YOUR PC OR MAC

4 3 5 1 6 2 PAINT DROPS Get set up for paint abstracts with these bits of kit 1 FISH TANK 2 FLASHGUN 3 REFLECTOR A small fish tank like this An off-camera flash is the By positioning a reflector is ideal, but any plastic or best way to capture the opposite the flash on the glass container will work. paints, as it gives your other side of the tank, we Ensure the glass is as clean images a clarity that is hard can bounce the flash light as possible before you start to achieve with natural into the shadows to even filling the tank with water. light alone. Position the out the lighting. As such, You’ll need to refresh the flash to one side of the a reflector is a simple and water after every few shots, tank, angled slightly away cheap means of creating so this project is best done from the backdrop so that a second light source near to a sink. it doesn’t spill onto it. for your subject. 4 BLACK BACKGROUND 5 WIRELESS TRIGGER 6 CAMERA SETTINGS A plain piece of card can A wireless trigger lets you As a starting point for your make a black backdrop. This fire your off-camera flash. exposure, set your camera If you don’t have one, you helps to make the paints could set your flashgun to to Manual mode with stand out, and makes it optical remote mode, then aperture at f/8, ISO at 100 easier to combine several use your camera’s pop up and shutter speed at 1/200 images in Photoshop. We flash to trigger it instead. sec. Set the flash to manual can simply blend them using Alternatively, use a flash at 1/2 power and take a test the Lighten Blending Mode, that is wirelessly compatible shot. If it’s too bright, adjust which effectively cancels the flash power down until out the black backdrop. with your camera. it looks just right.

SHOOTING PAINT ABSTRACTS 01 CHOOSE YOUR PAINTS 02THE DROP SPOT Acrylic paints work best for this Before you start dropping paints into project: they don’t mix with water, so your water, you’ll need to pre-focus on the they’ll stay clumped together when you spot where they’ll be. Hold an object like a drop them in the water. If the paints are spoon in the center of the water and focus too thick, try mixing them with a dash of on it, then switch your lens to manual focus white spirit. Experiment with the height in order to lock it in place. Drop the paints in at which you pour them into the water. the same spot. 03 CMOIXLOYROSUR3-6-1-6-6-7-5-1-3 Try pouring more than one color into the water at once, as the best photos will be those where the paints intertwine with one another. Use contrasting colors (like the red and cyan here) with bold hues. If need be, you can always change the colors in Photoshop using the Hue/Saturation command (Cmd/ Ctrl+U).

CRAFT A PAINTERLY FIGURE 01 DROP IN A SHAPE 3-6-1-6-6-7-5-1-3 Open Photoshop, then go to File > New, set Background Contents to Black and click OK. Next, drag and drop the shape that you want to use. We used an outline of a dancer here, but you can find many other shapes and figures online. Resize the image with Cmd/ Ctrl+T, then press 2 to set the layer to 20% opacity. 02 COPY IN THE PAINT PHOTO Copy in a paint photo and position it roughly over the figure. In the Layers Panel, set the Blending Mode to Lighten. Next, go to Filter > Liquify. Check Show Backdrop in the settings on the right. Choose Use: dancer shape and set Mode to In Front, then adjust the Opacity slider to suit. 03 WARP THE PAINT TO FIT THE SHAPE Grab the Forward Warp Tool from the toolbar and use the ] and [ keys to resize the brush tip. Drag over the image to push the paint around so that it follows the body of the dancer. Shape it to cover a part of the body using short, sharp pushes with the tool. Click OK when you’re happy.

04 PAINT A MASK Go to the Layers Panel and click the Add Mask icon, then grab the Brush Tool and press D followed by X to set the Foreground color to black. You can now paint to hide any parts of the paint that you don’t want to include. Next, drag and drop another paint image in, and position it roughly as you did in the previous steps. 05 MORE PAINT IMAGES Change the Blending Mode of the newly added paint layer to Lighten, then, again, go to Filter > Liquify. Once more, set the Show Backdrop settings so you can see the dancer shape, then use the Forward Warp Tool to reshape the paint to match up with another part of the figure – the other leg in this instance. 06 BUILD IT UP Continue to build up the effect. Once done, hide the dancer Shape Layer and add a paint image as a backdrop – drop it in and change the Blending Mode to Lighten. Press Cmd/Ctrl+U and adjust the Hue to give the backdrop a different color if you like, then add a mask to hide any areas that you need to.

LEARNLIGHTROOM TODAY! WATCH THE VIDEO This issue, learn how to create and save custom layout templates in the Print Module If you’d like to watch the complete course now, get the app from the Apple App Store BUYLIKE THIS? NOW AVAILABLE ON NOW!THE APPLE APP STORE BIT.LY/TYLRAPP

ESSENTIALS Your quick-start guide and reference to image editing in Photoshop If you’re relatively new to editing in typical image-editing workflow in Photoshop; Photoshop, or you just don’t know an overview of raw file editing; a guide to the where to begin, then this section is the best six most useful layers; and a glossary of the place to get started. Over the next 10 pages, most useful shortcuts. This guide condenses you’ll find an overview of the different versions most of the tools and techniques you’ll use of Photoshop available; a breakdown of the every time you import a new roll of pictures.

CREATIVE CLOUD PLANS CHOOSE THE PLAN WITH THE COMBINATION OF TOOLS AND STORAGE YOU NEED Best for Photography Plan • 20GB Photography Plan • 1TB Price per month Traditional desktop users Cloud and desktop Photoshop CC £9.98/$9.99 £19.97/$19.99 Lightroom CC Lightroom Classic 20GB 1TB Lightroom Mobile Cloud storage If you want Photoshop, The same as the Photography you need the regular Plan, but with 1TB storage. Notes Existing users are offered Photography Plan – you a discount for the first year also get Lightroom Classic Best for Lightroom CC Plan Lightroom Mobile Premium Price per month Cloud fans Mobile-only users Photoshop CC £9.98/$9.99 £4.49/$6.49 Lightroom CC Lightroom Classic 1TB 100GB Lightroom Mobile Cloud storage With this plan you get the ‘new’ This plan is for smart devices Lightroom CC and 1TB storage – only. The Lightroom Mobile Notes app is free, but the ‘premium’ but not Photoshop version is an in-app purchase

LIGHTROOM CC FROM £9.98/$9.99 PER MONTH WINDOWS, macOS Lightroom CC combines professional image- processing tools with asset organizing. It keeps all its images online in the Creative Cloud, with advanced image search capabilities. PHOTOSHOP CC LIGHTROOM CLASSIC FROM £9.98/$9.99 PER MONTH WINDOWS, macOS FROM £9.98/$9.99 PER MONTH WINDOWS, macOS Photoshop is the software of choice for most professional and non-professional photographers. Beyond the standard Lightroom Classic photo-editing features, it boasts a vast array of more offers editing and creative tools and filters. Layers are one of the key differences organizing tools, but between Photoshop and Lightroom. They enable you to mask you can only store images on out selected parts to build up increasingly sophisticated images. your computer. ELEMENTS 15 £79.99/$99.99 WINDOWS, macOS LIGHTROOM MOBILE Elements is the consumer variant of Photoshop, and FREE (PREMIUM: £4.49/$6.49 PER MONTH) contains many of its key tools and features within a IPHONE, IPAD, ANDROID simplified interface. It’s limited, but it does provide access to layers for those who have switched to a Lightroom workflow. Lightroom Mobile is the lightweight iPad, iPhone and Android version of the application, integrated with Lightroom CC. You can use Lightroom Mobile on its own for free, or use the Premium In-App Purchase to access the Adobe Creative Cloud. This enables you to create a collection of photos on your desktop copy of Lightroom, and sync them via the Creative Cloud to Lightroom Mobile on your portable devices. You can also get Lightroom Mobile via any Photography Plan.

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP MIX ADOBE SHAPE FREE IPAD, ANDROID FREE IPHONE, IPAD, ANDROID Mix enables you to merge two photos together to create a composite image. It offers a simplified Adobe Shape enables compositing process that makes it easy for beginners you to turn photos and to start combining an object from one image with a background sketches into beautiful from another. You can then send the composite to Photoshop vector shapes for use in your for further edits. If you like, you can also use Mix to edit a single designs or artwork. The app image. It offers a few simple tonal adjustments and more smooths out jagged edges in complex edits such as Content-Aware Fill. images, resulting in gorgeous vectors that are endlessly ADOBE COLOR scalable, just as if you’d drawn them by hand with the Pen tool. FREE IPHONE, IPAD, ANDROID Make a shape with the mobile app and the next time you open If you ever need help Photoshop on your desktop, the selecting coordinated colors shape will sync to your Library. for your designs, try using Drag it in to any document to Adobe Color. It enables you to create add color and make further color themes from photos taken on adjustments. your mobile device. This could be anything from a scene in your local ADOBE BRUSH park to a famous painting. So if you come across an inspirational scene, FREE capture the colors and save them. IPHONE, IPAD, ANDROID Adobe Brush enables you to make your own custom brushes from photos or sketches for use in Photoshop, Illustrator or the Sketch app. The most successful subjects are usually those that can be easily isolated, such as a splash against white, or a leaf against the sky. You can capture objects for your brush tips using your device’s camera, choose from your camera roll, or use your Creative Cloud library. Once captured, you can then fine- tune the look of the tip and apply brush settings.

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP SKETCH ADOBE COMP CC FREE IPAD FREE IPAD As the name suggests, this app enables you to paint If you’re a designer freehand using a selection of brushes, colors and other who wants to build tools. However, Sketch is more than just a painting a quick layout for a app. It also enables you to connect with like-minded creatives, web or print page, then Comp is so you can follow artists and see their work updating. Once the ideal place to start piecing you’re done sketching the image on your iPad, you can upload ideas, images and text together. to the Sketch community, or continue working on the image You can draw common design in Photoshop CC. You can also bring in brushes made with elements such as text or image Adobe Brush, and for those who can’t paint, there’s an option boxes with quick gestures. For to overlay images so you can trace over a photo. Sketch is example, a couple of squiggly compatible with Adobe’s pen and ruler hardware, Ink and lines with a dot makes a Slide, but you can get great results with your finger. header, and a cross makes an image box. It makes it easy to PHOTOSHOP FIX mock up a layout in seconds. You can then add words and FREE IPAD graphics. The app even spits out a Photoshop, Illustrator or Fix is a retouching app InDesign document. for altering portraits and fixing marks or blemishes BEHANCE in your photos. Intelligent facial CREATIVE PORTFOLIO recognition locks onto eyes, lips noses and chins, making it easy to FREE IPAD, IPHONE tweak a smile, tuck in a jawline or enlarge eyes, should you wish. Behance is the online social space for creatives to share and showcase their portfolios, connect with one another, and find work. With work from the best photographers, digital artists and designers out there, it’s also a great place to find inspiration for a new project. If you’re a Creative Cloud subscriber you can set up a Behance page in minutes. The Behance app for iOS devices enables you to manage your page, while the Creative Portfolio app provides a polished portfolio.

THE IMAGE-EDITING WORKFLOW Manage your photos from capture to output in three stages The image-editing process begins as 1 soon as you’ve transferred your photos 2 from your memory card to your computer. 3 1 The first stage is to begin sifting through your pictures to discover which are the keepers. The image organizer that comes with Photoshop is ideal for this task. Adobe Bridge has controls for keywording, rating and filtering your images, and there are handy tools for batch renaming files, creating panoramic stitches, making contact sheets and more. Launch Adobe Bridge and navigate to a folder containing new images. Use the cursor keys to quickly flick through the images and click below a thumbnail to add a star rating, or use the keyboard shortcut Cmd/Ctrl+1-5. You can then filter your photos by the star rating to group the ones you want to work on. 2 The next step is to open the shots from Bridge into Adobe Camera Raw. ACR is the best place to make initial changes to your images to boost tones and correct any problems with exposure and so on. It doesn’t enable you to combine images – you’ll use Photoshop for that – but it does enable you to make the kind of edits photographers need. 3 In Photoshop, you can further refine the image with layers and adjustment layers, which offer a much more flexible way of working than ACR. Once you’ve finished, it’s time to share it with an audience. Go to File>Save, and your image will be saved as a Photoshop document (PSD). This keeps all the layers intact, which means you can go back and retweak the image at a later date. However, PSD files are large and can take up lots of hard drive space. If you want to share your images online or via email or social media, save them as JPEGs.

THE BASICS OF RAW PROCESSING Discover how to process your raw files to perfection The latest version of the raw file rather than in Photoshop, you’ll ensure the processor included with Photoshop is so best possible image quality, because raw files powerful that most photos can be processed contain more picture information than bitmap entirely in the raw processor, with no need for images such as un-layered PSDs and JPEGs. further editing in Photoshop. And by making Here’s our reference to the features you’ll your adjustments in Adobe Camera Raw, use the most in the Basic panel. THE BASIC SATURATION CONTRAST PANEL IN ACR Controls the overall color Makes light pixels brighter TEMPERATURE and dark pixels darker intensity of the image Use this slider to warm HIGHLIGHTS or cool an image if the White Balance tool fails Controls the brightness to correct a color cast of the lightest pixels TINT SHADOWS This slider enables you to Controls the brightness correct a green or magenta of the darkest pixels cast, again, if the White Balance tool fails WHITES EXPOSURE Sets a point on the tonal range at which pixels Controls the overall should be pure white brightness of the image CLARITY BLACKS Controls the amount Sets a point on the tonal of midtone contrast range at which pixels should be pure black VIBRANCE Adjusts the intensity of the less-saturated colors

SIX ESSENTIAL LAYERS FOR PHOTOS The six most frequently used Photoshop layers for image editing, and how to use them to improve almost any photo Photoshop has many types of layers used may seem a little daunting for beginners, and adjustment layers available, but but once you’ve got to grips with them, you’ll there are six that you’ll find you need to use find they play a part in the creative process of again and again. Learning how they should be almost every image you make. 02 CURVESCurvesisoneofthemostpowerful 01 LEVELSThis should be the first layer you add adjustment layers. An S-shaped curve to an image, because it fundamentally alters brightens the highlights and darkens the the tonal range of the entire image. Create shadows, resulting in extra contrast. Create a Levels Adjustment Layer, drag the Black a Curves Adjustment Layer and click the point slider inwards until it touches the left- middle of the diagonal line to add a central hand edge of the histogram, and drag the control point. Drag down on the lower part White point slider inwards to the right-hand of the line and drag up on the upper part of edge. This remaps the tones of the image to the line to improve image contrast. make more of the available tonal range. 03 HUE/SATURATION This adjustment layer is best used for altering the intensity and brightness of individual color channels in an image – greens and blues in landscapes, for instance. Create a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer, click the Master menu and choose the color channel you’d like to adjust. Small changes are usually the most effective.

04 HEALING LAYER AFTER BEFORE Most photos contain unwanted marks or blemishes. The Spot Healing Brush tool is effective at removing these. The best way to apply the healing is on a new blank layer, so that you can easily tone down or remove selected healing work later without having to start from scratch because you healed directly on the background layer. To do this, create a new blank layer, choose the Spot Healing Brush tool from the Tools panel and tick Sample All Layers on the Options bar, then continue as normal. 05 DODGE AND BURN One of the best ways to enhance a photo is by lightening or darkening selected areas of the image. This can be done with the Dodge and Burn tools, but rather than use them directly on the image, a separate grey layer gives you greater control. To create a Dodge and Burn layer, hold down Alt and click the Create a new layer icon in the Layers panel. Give the layer a name, then choose Mode: Overlay. Check Fill with Overlay-neutral color and click OK. Now use the Dodge and Burn tools (with Range set to Midtones) to work on the new layer. 06 SELECTIVE SHARPENING Once all other adjustments have been made, you need to sharpen the image for output. The traditional way is to create a merged layer at the top of the stack, apply Unsharp Mask, then paint on the mask to remove the sharpening from those parts of the image you want to remain soft. However, the Sharpen tool enables more control over the process by enabling you to build up the effect by brushing repeatedly with a low opacity brush. Create a new blank layer, select the Sharpen tool, tick Sample All Layers and set a Strength of 50% or lower.

14 ESSENTIAL KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS 14 keyboard shortcuts that will massively improve your speed and efficiency while working in Photoshop D X Reset the foreground and background colors Switch the foreground and background to black and white color swatches ALT+[SCROLL WHEEL] [ OR ] Zoom in or out of the image Resize the brush tip CMD/CTRL+SHIFT+ALT+E SHIFT+[ OR ] Create a merged copy of all the layers in the Cycle backwards or forwards through the layer stack layer blend modes SPACE BAR CMD/CTRL+Z Temporarily switch the current tool to the Hand Undo the last change made to the document. tool, for moving around the image while zoomed in Works multiple times ALT+[EYE ICON] CMD/CTRL+[LAYER MASK] Switch off the visibility of all other layers in the Load the currently active layer mask as layer stack, for before-and-after comparisons a new selection CMD/CTRL+I CMD/CTRL+T Invert the color of a layer mask to black Activate the Free Transform tool SHIFT+[LAYER MASK] CMD/CTRL+J Disable the effects of a layer mask Duplicate the current layer

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