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Social Disasters PRESENTATION

Published by ng, 2021-03-11 20:38:48

Description: Social Disasters PRESENTATION


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We Will Survive eTwinning 2020-2021

DISASTERS A disaster is an unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment. NATURAL TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIAL EPIDEMICS DISASTERS DISASTERS DISASTERS PANDEMICS

SOCIAL DISASTERS 01 Terrorism 02 Crime 03 Wars

Technological and natural disasters, in general, have differences in whether they are caused by men or nature; however, they are both unintended. War, crimes, and terrorism, on the other hand, always come with an individual, group, or government that intentionally starts them.

VULNERABILITY TO DISASTERS Vulnerability is when an individual or group can’t cope with, resist and recover from the impact of a natural or man-made hazard. Studies have shown that in disaster events the socially vulnerable are more likely to be adversely affected, they are less likely to recover and more likely to die. Physical, economic, social and political factors determine people's level of vulnerability

Physical Vulnerability Wooden homes are less likely to collapse in an earthquake but are more vulnerable to fire. Traffic congestion, limited escape routes, dense infrastructure, and poverty makes big cities more vulnerable . Poor design and poor-quality materials for construction make houses more vulnerable to disaster.

In countries such as China, urban earthquakes are more dangerous because of the density of the infrastructure

Social Vulnerability When a disaster occurs some citizens, such as children, elderly, handicapped, pregnant women, may be unable to protect themselves or evacuate if necessary.

During the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, women and children were more likely to suffer injuries and fatalities than men and boys were. Women’s vulnerability to disasters is also shaped by traditional gender roles, power and privilege, low wages, and secondary responsibilities such as childcare.

Economic Vulnerability Poverty is a major driver of disaster risk, notably among the one billion people living in urban slums. Lower-income communities and nations suffer most from disaster events.

On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and then a nightmare unfolded. The most disadvantaged populations suffered the worst harm from the disaster. Many African American and poor individuals were unable to evacuate. Black neighborhoods were the most se. verely damaged. The elderly, blacks, and the poor were the most likely to die.

Environmental Vulnerability overconsumption of natural resources loss of biodiversity desertification

MOUNT ETNA VOLCANO IN SICILLY ITALY ERUPTS Lava flows represent the greatest threat by far to exposed population and infrastructure on Mt. Etna, Italy. The increasing exposure of a larger population, which has almost tripled in the area around Mt. Etna during the past 150 years, has resulted from poor assessment of the volcanic hazard and inappropriate land use in vulnerable areas.

We Will Survive eTwinning 2020-2021

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