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Home Explore ภาษาอังกฤษ-เอกสาร-9-สถาบัน-สวส


Published by Nathapatsorn Krokklang, 2021-03-08 06:54:58

Description: ภาษาอังกฤษ-เอกสาร-9-สถาบัน-สวส


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Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute (CUSRI) From Its Inception to the Present Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute (CUSRI) is one of Chulalongkorn University’s and Thailand’s earliest Social Sciences research institutes. Originally founded under the Faculty of Political Science in 1 9 6 7 , it was subsequently promoted to an independent institute in accordance with the Royal Decree on the Establishment of the Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute on 22 April 1974. The primary objective of CUSRI is conducting research to meet the needs of Thailand’s national development efforts with social science research as its basis. In its early years, CUSRI research was carried out with the goals of promoting the national development projects under the Third National Economic and Social Development Plan, identifying development alternatives, and providing solutions to various social problems. Its early works included conducting public opinion surveys via “Chula Poll” as well as instigating and nurturing the Social Volunteer Project (SVP), which later became the Thai Volunteer Service (TVS) and the force behind the formation of several civil organizations. CUSRI also initiated the Political Economy Study Group, the Alternative Development Study Project, and the Qualitative Research Association. The Qualitative Research Association was responsible for the adoption of qualitative research methods among Thai social scientists through its ongoing dissemination of knowledge and training programs. CUSRI has also become a social research center in rural areas beginning with the Ayutthaya Studies Project and later expanding to the Chiang Mai Studies, Khon Kaen Studies projects and so on. These rural research projects allowed CUSRI to participate in and initiate new research concepts and practices such as community forests, local wisdom, and more. From its initial rural and agricultural research projects, CUSRI has subsequently broaden its research interests into the study of indigenous groups, informal labor groups, the urban poor, the disadvantaged groups, and others. Since 2007, CUSRI has devoted its attention to the 1 | Social Research Institute

problems of inequality and social justice as well as the social transition toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). CUSRI: Chulalongkorn University’s research unit 4 Research Groups 1. Community and 1968 – Founded under Women Studies Focus on the Global Environment the Faculty of Political Science South 2. Cultural Dynamics and 22 April 1974 – Royal Decree on the Political Economy Social Agenda Working Ethnicity establishment of CUSRI Studies Group Committee 3. Human Security and Development Chula Poll Research Methodology Qualitative Research Project 4. Rights and Social Justice Training Project Social Volunteer 3 Research Units Project Alternative Development 1. Indigenous Peoples and Studies Project Development Alternatives 2. Contemporary Peasant Society 3. Human Security and Equity Researches as a part of the Post- Economic crisis Project Ayutthaya, Human and Social EDS Program Chiangmai, Development Program Khon Kaen Researches to provide solutions to developmental works Projects Researches for the review and identification of suitable developmental approaches 1968-1974 1974-1978 1978 -1996 Social research 1997-2016 Social development 2016-present Formation Capacity building pioneering period paradigm adjustment period Multilateral collaboration Figure 1: Development of CUSRI’s operations Vision CUSRI aims to create a body of knowledge based on social science research, to become a reliable data center for contemporary social problems, and to apply such knowledge in providing fair and sustainable development alternatives. Mission 2 | Social Research Institute

To actively seek knowledge and understanding of the social processes for economic, social, political, educational, cultural, and environmental changes and their impacts. To create knowledge and become a learning center for social science research. To nurture researchers towards research excellence. To produce academic and policy research works. To monitor the dynamics of social changes and collaborate with social movement partners in providing venues for discussion on development and policy alternatives. 1. Knowledge creation 2. Nurturing 3. Knowledge 4. Multilateral application Collaboration Figure 2: The four missions of CUSRI CUSRI’s Primary Missions 1. Knowledge creation Creating knowledge and aiming to become a learning center for social science research. Promoting and advancing research to review existing knowledge and generate new research with a goal towards intellectual and academic development. Disseminating research findings among target groups in an appropriate, systematic, and continuous manner. 2 . Nurturing Fostering a passion for research and recognition of research benefits among research personnel. Encouraging the development of research skills and adherence to 3 | Social Research Institute

academic ethics for the achievement of research excellence. Promoting the production of academic works, dissemination of research findings, policies, and knowledge to the public. 3 . Knowledge application Closely monitoring the dynamics of social changes and collaborate with social movement partners. Applying research findings to generate societal values. Identify suitable application of research findings to benefit communities and society. 4 . Multilateral collaboration It is CUSRI’s mission to proactively create networks of research organizations, locally and overseas, in the public and private sectors, including the community, academic, and mass media sectors. Providing venues for discussion on development and policy alternatives that will lead to solutions of problems and sustainable social development. Research Groups Research Units 1. Community and environment 1. Indigenous peoples and development 2. Cultural dynamics and ethnicity alternatives 3. Human security and 2. Human security and equity development 3. Contemporary peasant Society 4. Rights and social justice Research Groups and Research Units CUSRI’s operations are categorized by the nature of work and specialization into four research groups as follows: 1. The Community and Environment Research Group The research group on community and environment aims to conduct research on natural resource and environmental management, community participation, community research, Participatory Action Research (PAR), social science quantitative research, environment and social impact assessment, organization management, knowledge management and research on educational technology. 2. The Cultural Dynamics and Ethnicity Research Group The research group on cultural dynamics and ethnicity aims to study socio-cultural changes, social and community adaptation and transformation into modern and post-modern society, ethnicity and ethnic changes in contemporary societies, including cultural dimensions in alternative development. 4 | Social Research Institute

In present-day societies where life is becoming more complex and faces more rapid changes, it is necessary to seek knowledge and understand these changes, especially from the perspectives of marginalized people who are affected by growth-only development that neglect social-cultural ties. There is a research unit within this group called “Research Unit on Indigenous Peoples and Development Alternatives” that receives the funding from Rachadapisek Sompote (Royal Jubilee) Endowment Fund, Chulalongkorn University. 3. The Human Security and Development Research Group The research group on Human Security and Development aims to study human insecurity due to changes in the society and the impacts of such change in all population groups from past to present. A multidisciplinary approach is used to develop knowledge and create policy recommendations for human security. 4. The Rights and Social Justice Research Group The research group on Rights and Social Justice aims to contribute knowledge about the livelihood and rights of various groups of people in Thailand, especially vulnerable groups like the low-income groups, the disadvantaged groups, and informal workers. The research covers the dimensions of people’s livelihood, job/income security, housing security, occupational safety, health, and risks. In addition to the four research groups, the following three research units (RU), under Chulalongkorn University’s support, were also established to develop in-depth expertise in the following areas of social science research. 1. The Indigenous Peoples and Development Alternatives Research Unit The research unit on Indigenous Peoples and Development Alternatives receives financial support from the Rachadapisek Sompote Endowment Fund of Chulalongkorn University. The mission of this research unit is to “Study, disseminate, inform policy, and network”, that is, it aims at studying the issues and areas of indigenous peoples in order to gain deeper knowledge and understanding of indigenous peoples and development alternatives, to support policy formation and implementation of policies to protect the cultural rights of indigenous peoples. To participate in a collaborative network for the protection of indigenous peoples while creating more awareness on the issues and to nurture a deeper appreciation of cultural diversity in Thailand. 5 | Social Research Institute

2. The Contemporary Peasant Society Research Unit The research unit on Contemporary Peasant Society was established with a mission to connect government policies to their implementation at the local level to strengthen the sustainable adaptation peasant society social restructuring, and to create national and ASEAN research networks under two main objectives: 1) To promote basic and applied researches on the basis of existing databases and local knowledge as well as to survey new knowledge in order to identify the connection between changes in the social structure of peasant societies and the adaptation of today’s peasants; 2) To connect research findings to promote and drive sustainable development policies. It also continuously monitors and reports the impacts of government policies on peasants. 3. The Human Security and Equity Research Unit This research unit on Human Security and Equity was formed by a group of Chulalongkorn University researchers from the Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute, the Environmental Research Institute, the School of Agriculture Resources, and external researchers from the Academic Center for a Just Society. The Research Unit aims to integrate research on human security and equity in four key areas: 1) Marginal population groups; 2) Agriculture and resources; 3) Environment, tourism, and disaster management; 4) Religion and drugs. The primary goal of the Research Unit is to promote human security and equity through a foundation of knowledge, communication, awareness, and shared intellectual spaces for all parties involved. Apart from the four research groups and three research units, CUSRI plans to set up the “Research Unit on the Steering of BCG Towards Sustainable Development” and the Special Task Force for Activating Research (STAR) on “the Driving of Overall Social Innovation Research for the Informal Economy”. CUSRI also conducts research on urgent issues such as the socio- cultural impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, public wellness, improvement of the wellbeing and quality of life in a workplace environment and specific population groups. Research Directions – the Road Ahead Under CUSRI’s research advancement strategy of becoming a national organization in social research, five strategic plans have been formulated: the promotion of research excellence, the promotion of research to resolve social issues, the strengthening of research groups, the promotion of multidisciplinary research and multidisciplinary graduates of high- quality and ability to serve societal needs, and the academic services for University engagement. 6 | Social Research Institute

Promotion of research excellence Promotion of research to Strengthening research resolve social issues groups Promotion of multidisciplinary research and Academic services for development of quality multidisciplinary graduates University engagement Figure 3: CUSRI’s research strategies In addition to these strategic plans, CUSRI also strives to drive social innovation and policy innovation research to support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). CUSRI has been involved in the study and compilation of the opinions from marginal groups in Thailand on the “Post-2 0 1 5 Development Agenda” long before the launching of the UN’s SDGs. The primary conclusions of this opinion survey study were that development efforts should be people-centered with the goals of promoting social equity, joint policy paradigm, and sustainable development that relies on a balance between local wisdom and nature. 7 | Social Research Institute

Dissemination and Instructional Functions of Academic Works Since 1 9 7 7 , CUSRI has continued to disseminate its academic works via several channels, especially the bi-annual Journal of Social Research to this day in the form of articles based on research findings, theses, or academic articles in the fields of social sciences, social development, social research, etc. CUSRI’s instructional functions involves the collaboration with other faculties and Research Institutes of Chulalongkorn University, offering two courses: Master of Arts Program in Human and Social Development (Multidisciplinary), International Master of Arts Program and Doctor of Philosophy Program in Environment, Development and Sustainability. Outstanding Achievements CUSRI Researcher Receives National Award Dr. Narumon Arunotai, a lecturer from the Research Group on Cultural Dynamics and Ethnicity, CUSRI, received the 2016 Outstanding Researcher Award in Sociology from the National Research Council Thailand (NRCT). Dr. Narumon Arunotai, a CUSRI researcher, was awarded the 2016 the National Research Council Thailand (NRCT) Outstanding Researcher Award in recognition for her work on the cultural anthropological studies on the ways of life, philosophy, local wisdom, livelihood, and unique socio-cultural characteristics of the Chao Lay/sea nomad group. Her research has widely publicized the plight of this little-known group of indigenous people to such an extent that they were recognized and included in several government policies. For example, the Cabinet passed a resolution in 2 0 1 0 to restore the livelihood of Chao Lay. Such measures have been extended for the protection of the ways of life and culture of other indigenous and ethnic groups. Dr. Narumon’s works not only created significant academic and policy impacts but also instigated research networks on ethnic groups based on the collaborations of educational Institutes, communities, public organizations, mass media, and the policy sector. Their research has had extensive repercussions in generating interest and collaborative networks on the previously overlooked issues and problems, especially from the cultural perspective. 8 | Social Research Institute

Policy or Practical Applications of CUSRI’s Research 1) Community Driven Guideline Project in the Direction of Low Carbon Community under the Smart Community Preparation Project for Adjustment Concerning Climate Change and Disaster (the Community and Environment Research Group with the financial support from the Rachadapisek Sompote Endowment Fund, Chulalongkorn University, 2016) This research studies factors that contribute to the success of community engagement initiatives and proposes guidelines for steering Bangkok towards becoming a low-carbon metropolis. The most important factors contributing to its success are the project’s significance towards climate change and community participation. The proposal consists of 2 phases. The first phase involves raising awareness and a sense of responsibility to respond to climate change, creating connections, unity and mutual trust among community members as part of a positive strength for community obligation. The second phase focuses on the development of support mechanisms to generate institutional initiatives and necessary resources. 2) Research Project on the Development of Agro-tourism for Lan Tak Fah - Khlong Yong Communities in Nakhon Pathom Province (the Research Group on Cultural Dynamism and Ethnicity with the support of the Thailand Research Fund, 2018-2019) This project focuses on the identification and revival of notable knowledge and practices in the Lan Tak Fah – Khlong Yong communities’ agricultural way of life. It also aims to promote group formation and communication of cultural interpretations of such practices in order to develop the communities into a learning center and creative agro-tourism sites under the concept of nature-based and community-based management. The main output from this project is the revival of the “newly-harvested rice tradition” and the documentation of almost- forgotten local stories. The project also produced a guidebook that may inspire the local community to assess, search and collect more stories, as well as a tourist map with points of interest and possible tour programs. Local youth from farming families were trained to be Youth Guides. The project developed local curriculum on rice/agricultural as a way of life, as well as an integrated education between local communities and schools. Apart from the benefit to the communities, the research team incorporated the knowledge and experiences from this project in the course on “Sustainable Tourism Development” under the Master’s Degree Program on Human and Social Development, Chulalongkorn University. The communities are to be one of the course’s field sites. 9 | Social Research Institute

3) Research Project on the Impacts of COVID-19 on Informal Workers in Thailand ( the Research Group on Rights and Social Justice with the support of the Thailand Research Fund, 2020) This project monitored and conducted follow-up studies on the situations, measures, impacts and adjustment among different groups of informal workers since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research team studied government measures and their impacts on urban informal workers, such as street vendors in Bangkok whose occupational safety was previously jeopardized by the government’s pavement reorganization policy; motorcycle-taxi drivers who had to work longer hours or turn to food delivery with no legal protection or benefits; and massage or beauty parlor workers. COVID-19 lock-down measures put a sudden stop on their income-earning ability. Such impacts were even more severe for the disabled and elderly informal workers. This research project was carried out in collaboration with the Informal Workers and the Underprivileged Network, labor and urban poor housing organizations, and other informal workers organizations such as the Foundation for Labor and Employment Promotion, the Four Regions Slum Network, the Urban Informal Workers Group, the Thai Federation of Informal Workers, and the Informal Workers Network, etc. They joined forces in creating a social movement to allow these marginalized groups more occupational rights and justice in their livelihood. 4) Research Project on Revitalizing Chao Lay ways of life (the Research Unit on Indigenous Peoples and Development Alternatives with the support of the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre (Public Organization), 2014-2020) This research project receives annual support from the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre (Public Organization) which enables continuous data collection and research in several Chao Lay communities. Most of the work focuses on documenting and 10 | Social Research Institute

analyzing community histories and raising awareness and appreciation of indigenous cultural values through tourism activities. The activities include producing booklets on community histories and important places, developing cultural tourism programs with “Chao Lay Guides”, trial guided tours, and training Youth Guides, etc. Apart from revitalizing their way of life, these activities instill a sense of pride in Chao Lay cultural heritage that is closely related to the coastal ecosystem. It also affirms the principle of sustainable development for communities facing rapid change from internal and external factors. 5) Project for Developing Facilitators and Knowledge based on the Practical Concept of Health Equity ( the Research Task Force on Human Security and Equity with the support of the Thai Health Promotion Foundation, 2018-2019) This project aims to explicate, disseminate, and create mutual understanding on health equity through conceptual frameworks of Social Justice and the Social Determinant of Health (SDH) to health workers, social workers, and the general public. The project operates by creating bodies of knowledge, developing, and testing the learning processes developed, and disseminating such knowledge via workshops and training sessions. The ultimate goal of the project is to develop facilitators to further the dissemination of information and understanding of these concepts. 11 | Social Research Institute

This program not only develops facilitator training programs, social justice and health equity training programs for different groups of people but has been developed into the “Social Justice and Human Security” course under the Master’s Program in Social Justice and Human Security. 6) Research Project for Minimizing Inequality and Promoting Social Justice ( with the support from several sources of funding, 2014-the present) This topic is one of the primary research areas that CUSRI has long been involved in, receiving financial support from various sources of funding. It originated from the Project for Health Justice with the support of the Thai Health Promotion Foundation since 2014. CUSRI later received more support from the Thailand Research Fund (TRF) or the present-day Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI) to study the research strategies for reducing social inequality and creating social justice, which has been ongoing for three years. This project and the previous project share a similar characteristic of being an intersectoral and multi-stakeholder research. Both projects relate to existing social actions and social movements in the civil sector, tying into the problems of social inequality in today’s society and research into driving relevant policies on this issue. The unique characteristic of this research series is the communication of knowledge to the public through various media under the project on driving knowledge and social communication to reduce social inequality and create social justice, with support from TSRI. The project also strives to promote capacity building and a network of scholars/researchers for the reduction of social inequality. 12 | Social Research Institute

Example of a venue for public communication to reduce social inequality and create social justice Academic Conferences Steering Key Social Issues 1. A talk on the situations and policies of \"Indigenous Communities and Alternatives for Social Survival” The Research Unit on Indigenous Peoples and Development Alternatives in conjunction with the Faculty of Law, Hokkaido University organized a talk on the Indigenous Communities series. The first talk in the series (held in April 2019) on topic of “The Situations and Policies of Indigenous Communities: Case Studies of the Ainu of Japan and the Moken groups of Thailand\" was a sharing session regarding the situations, policies and approaches for the promotion of the cultural values and ideas. It discussed the lessons learned from indigenous communities, a look back to the lessons learned from working with indigenous communities and the application of indigenous situations to promote mutual social learning. 2. A talk on “New and Local Rice Species in the Thai Rice and Farmers’ Crisis” CUSRI, in conjunction with Thai PBS, the Sustainable Agriculture Foundation, the Community Organizations Development Institute (Public Organization) and other partner networks, organized a talk on “New and Local Species of Rice in the Thai Rice and Farmers Crisis” (December 2019) to share knowledge on the preservation of rice species, history, social relations, and the aesthetic taste of diverse rice species. 13 | Social Research Institute

3. Venue for public communication for the homeless on the topic of “Human of Street: We All Are Vulnerable in a Big City\" Under its research plan for “Knowledge Development and Strategic Collaboration for the Promotion of Health among the Homeless” CUSRI, in conjunction with its partner networks, organized a public communication venue at the Chulalongkorn University Art and Culture Centre to raise awareness and understanding on the problem of homelessness as a result of urbanization and social vulnerability. The activity provides a foundation for social participation in elevating the quality of life for the homeless. 14 | Social Research Institute

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