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Published by IMAX, 2020-02-06 05:12:28



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EVS – II (SOCIAL STUDIES) KA WORKBOOK – PART 1 5 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX Program presents the latest version of this series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. The Magnolia series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. Furthermore, to facilitate comprehensive coverage, improved understanding of diverse themes and ease of implementation, the EVS curriculum has been split into EVS – I (Science) and EVS – II (Social Studies). Our books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. They also strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. Our books also contain age-appropriate and easily relatable content that ensures that students can perceive social realities while imbibing the values of the Indian Constitution and human rights. There is also use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. These objectives are integrated in the EVS – II (Social Studies) textbooks and workbooks to provide a holistic learning experience to students. The key features of the EVS – II (Social Studies) books are as follows.  A rrangement of concepts based on the RUAH model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  C haracter and dialogue-based introductions to concepts to make EVS – II (Social Studies) concepts more relatable to students  Visually engaging formats for the organisation and presentation of information  In-text activities to assist memorisation and understanding  Subject-related vocabulary building in every lesson  U se of timelines and historical maps to help students to develop timeline, map and globe skills  U se of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks  Integration of values and life skills  P romotes awareness and personal responsibility through dialogue and enquiry about the world around us Overall, this series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors

Workbook Features Remembering Understanding Recollecting critical information related Engaging with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the to the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ concept of the concept Application Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life scenarios Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills Map Practice Developing spatial thinking abilities and sharpening map work skills for improved application and analysis of the concepts learned

Contents 5Class 1 Maps and Globes��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 2 Latitudes and Longitudes��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 3 The Climatic Zones of the Earth��������������������������������������������������������������������� 11 4 Our Ancient Cities������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16 5 The Vedic Age������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 20 6 Rise of New Religions�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24 Map Practice��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28

Lesson 1 Maps and Globes Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is a map of landforms and water bodies called? [     ] [     ] (A)  political map (B)  physical map (C)  sketch map (D)  thematic map 2) What kind of an object is a globe? (A)  no-dimensional object (B)  one-dimensional object (C)  two-dimensional object (D)  three-dimensional object Fill in the Blanks 3) The shape of a globe is similar to that of the ________________________. 4) A map is usually a ________________________ view of a place. Answer in One Word 5) From which Latin word is the word ‘globe’ derived? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) At what angle is the axis of a globe titled? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘map’. Name any one type of map. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 1

Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) A map is easy / difficult to carry. 9) A map / globe can be used to study the rotation and revolution of the Earth. 10) The globe is divided into the northern and southern hemispheres by the Equator / Tropic of Capricorn. 11) The Equator / Prime Meridian forms part of a circle that divides a globe into eastern and western hemispheres. Short Answer Questions 12) Write a note on the North and the South Poles. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Label the four lines marked on the globe that has been given below. Ans._ Long Answer Question 14) Write any four differences between maps and globes. 2

Ans. Map Globe Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Identify the given picture. [    ] (D) telescope (A) globe (B) map (C) compass Maps and Globes 3

16) Which of the following are not shown on the given map? [     ] (A) cities     (B) rivers     (C) mountain ranges    (D) plateaus Short Answer Questions 17) Imagine that the Earth is flat. Which representation of the Earth would not be used, in that case? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) W hile visiting a new place, what does a traveller use — a map or a globe? Give one reason for your answer. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) T wo friends, Reema and Abdul, were working on an assignment on maps. Reema wanted to locate capitals and other important cities of India on the map. Abdul wanted to show the information related to population density of the country on the map. 4

a) Which type of map should each of them use? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ b) Write any two ways in which maps are useful to you in your everyday life. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) L ook at the road map given as an example, and make your own road map. Show the route from your home to your school. Mark and label the important landmarks that you will find on this route. Use the symbols given in the key. Maps and Globes 5

KEY my school my house landmark road to take Ans. 6

Lesson 2 Latitudes and Longitudes Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What are latitudes also known as? [     ] [     ] (A) semicircles (B) longitudes (C) parallels (D) circles 2) Which unit is used to mark latitudes and longitudes?  (A) centimetres (B) decibels (C) kilograms (D) degrees Fill in the Blanks 3) The ________________________ does not pass through any country. 4) The Prime Meridian passes through ________________________ in the United Kingdom. Answer in One Word 5) What is the Prime Meridian also known as? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Which imaginary lines are drawn vertically on a map? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘Equator’. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7

Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) The Antarctic Circle is a latitude.  [    ] 9) Longitudes run from west to east.  [    ] 10) Longitudes are not parallel lines. [    ] 11) The Polar Circles receive the least sunlight on the Earth.  [    ] Short Answer Questions 12) The country of Kenya is located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Describe the position of the Sun over this country. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Describe the combined effect of the tilt of the Earth and its revolution on the different parts of the Earth. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) John and Amrita are discussing some of the important lines which divide the globe into smaller sections. Complete their discussion and identify the lines about which they are discussing. 8

Ans. _______________J_o_h__n_________________________________________A_m__r_i_ta____________________ These are horizontal lines drawn These are (b) _________________________ (a) _________________________ to lines that join the North and South Poles. the Equator. They run from They run from (d) _________________________ direction. (c) _________________________ direction. The distance is least towards the poles They (e) _________________________ in and they are (f) _________________________ length from the Equator towards at the Equator. the poles. Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) How long will it take the Sun to move from overhead of 70° W meridian to [     ] overhead of 85° W meridian?  (A) 1 hour 30 minutes (B) 1 hour (C) 4 hours (D) 2 hours 16) Ankur lives at a place on the 40° W meridian. His father lives at Greenwich. [     ] If the present time in Ankur’s place is 4:00 p.m. What would be the time at his father’s place?  (A)  6:40 p.m. (B)  7:02 p.m. (C)  7:04 p.m. (D)  3:16 a.m. Short Answer Questions 17) Wabang lives in Aizawl. She wants to talk to her cousin who lives in Austria. Does she need to check the time before she calls? If yes, why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Why do you think time for different countries is measured relative to the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)? Give two reasons to support your answer. Latitudes and Longitudes 9

Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Draw the International Date Line on the map given below. Why is it curved in some places? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Write the names of four cities that you would like to visit. Find out the exact coordinates of these cities using the internet. Also, find out the standard times of these places. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 10

Lesson The Climatic Zones 3 of the Earth Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is the weather conditions of an area recorded over a long period of [     ] known as?  (A) temperature B) season (C) climate (D) hemisphere 2) During which months does the northern hemisphere experience winter?  [     ] (A)  February to March (B)  December to February (C)  March to May (D)  June to August Fill in the Blanks 3) When the southern hemisphere experiences winter, the northern hemisphere experiences ________________________. 4) The cyclical changes in weather over a period of a year are called ________________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name any one factor that affects the climate of a place. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) How many seasons do we experience in all parts of India? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘weather’. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 11

Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) Places closer to the sea are cooler than other places because they experience sky / sea breeze. 9) The North Frigid Zone extends from the Arctic Circle to the Antarctic Circle / North Pole. 10) The higher we go above sea level, the warmer / cooler we feel. 11) Places near the Equator / poles receive the vertical rays of the Sun. Short Answer Questions 12) What does ‘torrid’ mean? Why is it hot in the Torrid Zone? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) L ook at the world map given below. Mark and label any two climatic zones of the Earth. Ans. 12

Long Answer Question 14) Find and circle eight words related to climatic zones of the Earth from the word search puzzle. GCNV E O L T CD B T K I JQZ TOZ R E VO L U T I ON W Z GC L I MA T E E C S E A S ONON A T EMP E RA T E T YK TOR R I D I H UM I D I T YWJ EAFR IGI D I Y R P QWCO L A D L Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Why does Svalbard in Norway experience 24 hours of sunlight between April and August?[    ] (A)  It is close to the North Pole. (B)  It is surrounded by water. (C)  It is a group of islands. (D)  It is mostly covered with ice. 16) Jakarta always experiences hot and humid climate. Which climatic zone does it lie in? [    ] The Climatic Zones of the Earth 13

(A)  North Temperate Zone (B)  Torrid Zone (C)  South Frigid Zone (D)  South Temperate Zone Short Answer Questions 17) New Zealand is marked on the given map. If you visit it during your summer vacation, which season will New Zealand experience at that time? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Diveagar is a coastal village in Maharashtra, whereas Bori is a village located in the interiors of Maharashtra. Which village will be cooler? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Udagamandalam, popularly called Ooty, is a hill station in Tamil Nadu. Even during the summer season, it is cool. However, Chennai is hot all around the year. Why is the there such a difference in climate? Use an atlas to mark the two places on the map of Tamil Nadu. 14

Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Which climatic zone would you like to live in? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Climatic Zones of the Earth 15

Lesson 4 Our Ancient Cities Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which city of the Indus Valley Civilization had a public bath? [    ] (A) Harappa (B) Mohenjo-daro (C) Lothal (D) Mehergarh 2) Which city was discovered when people were digging the ground to lay [    ] railway lines?  (A) Mohenjo-daro (B) Harappa (C) Punjab (D) Haryana Fill in the Blanks 3) The primary occupation of the people of the Indus Valley was ________________________. 4) ________________________ excavated the ancient city of Harappa. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name the river on whose banks the ancient cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were discovered. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name any one god or goddess that people in Indus Valley Civilization worshipped. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) List two reasons for the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 16

Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) If an Indus Valley seal is discovered, archaeologists will be able [     ] to translate it. [     ] [     ] 9) Most of the cities of the Indus Valley Civilization were made of brick. [     ] 10) The people of the Indus Valley Civilization did not have pastimes. 11) The Indus Valley Civilization had ways to travel on the sea. Short Answer Questions 12) Explain how the occupations other than agriculture helped the cities of Indus Valley Civilization. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13) Give two examples of advanced town planning in the Indus Valley Civilization. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Long Answer Question 12 3 14) Complete the crossword by solving the clues Across 4. An Indus Valley site which was famous for its harbour 4 Down 1. About 2000 of them have been discovered from the site of Indus Valley Civilization 2. It is the study of the past 3. Six of these have been found in Harappa Our Ancient Cities 17

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which of the following could you get in a market in the city of Mohenjo-daro? [    ] (A)      (B)  Ceramic bowls Cotton cloth (C)       (D)  Silk cloth Iron weapons 16) The Indus Valley Civilization used clay to make bricks. They also used metals to make statues. What metal did they use? [    ] (A) Copper     (B) Bronze     (C) Iron     (D) Steel Short Answer Questions 17) The Indus Valley Civilization left behind many seals. One such seal has the picture of a bull. What does this say about the civilization? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) On the map of India, given in the next page, mark the four sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. a) Kalibangan b) Rakhigarhi c) Lothal d) Dholavira 18

Ans. Long Answer Question 19) Analyse how floods could have created problems for the Indus Valley Civilization. How could these problems bring about the decline of the civilization? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) A person from Indus Valley Civilization visits your city. What problems would they find that are similar to and different from those of their home? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Our Ancient Cities 19

Lesson 5 The Vedic Age Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) How many Vedas are there? [     ] [     ] (A) one (B) two (C) three (D) four 2) In which language were the Vedas written? (A) Hindi (B) Sanskrit (C) Punjabi (D) Tamil Fill in the Blanks 3) ________________________ is one of the Vedas. 4) Many families in the Vedic age together made up a ________________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What is the meaning of the word ‘veda’? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name two women scholars of the Later Vedic Age. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) How many parts are the Vedas divided into? Name them. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 20

Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) The Vedic people did not use horses. [     ] 9) The sixteen samskaras were essential to the people of the Early Vedic Age. [     ] 10) The sabha and the samiti fought wars and protected the people. [     ] 11) The Rigveda says nothing about women who fought. [     ] Short Answer Questions 12) Why was cattle important to the Vedic people? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Briefly explain how the status of women changed in the Later Vedic Age. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Compare the social life of the Early Vedic Age and the Later Vedic Age. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Vedic Age 21

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) A priest in the Vedic Age wants to conduct a marriage. Which of the following is absolutely necessary for the ritual? [     ] (A) Fire (B)  Cattle (C) Horses (D) Gold 16) A king in the Early Vedic Age has to judge a criminal. Whom should he ask for advice before passing a verdict? [    ] (A)  the queen (B)  the prince (C)  the sabha and the samiti (D)  the Jana Short Answer Questions 17) What do the epics of India portray and uphold? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Why did great sacrifices such as the Asvamedha and Vajapeya become famous in the Later Vedic Age? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Analyse the differences between a rajan of the Early Vedic Age and the Later Vedic Age. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 22

_____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) The changes from the Early Vedic Age to the Later Vedic Age can be linked to changes in the number of people. Explain how such a change could have caused, massive changes in the lives of the people. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Vedic Age 23

Lesson 6 Rise of New Religions Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) During which period did the new faiths emerge? [     ] [     ] (A)  800 BC to 700 BC (B)  300 BC to 200 BC (C)  600 BC to 400 BC (D)  900 BC to 800 BC 2) Which religion was founded by Gautama Buddha?  (A) Jainism (B) Hinduism (C) Sikhism (D) Buddhism Fill in the Blanks 3) In the beginning the Buddha had ________________________ disciples. 4) Mahavira spent ________________________ years in meditation before gaining true knowledge. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What is the meaning of the word ‘jina’? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Who is the founder of Jainism? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) What are the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 24

Understanding Match the Following a)  Non-violence 8) Astangika-marga b)  To control senses 9) Asteya c)  To not steal 10) Brahmacharya d)  The Eight Fold Path 11) Ahimsa Short Answer Questions 12) How was the strictness of the varna system related to the rise of the new religions? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Outline two similarities between Jainism and Buddhism. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Explain how the concept of ‘karma’ is related to Buddhism. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Rise of New Religions 25

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which principles should a Buddhist follow to end suffering?  [     ] (A) The Aryasatyas            (B) The Astangika-marga (C) The Chatvari-arya-stayani      (D) The Mahavartas 16) If there was a problem in the city of Vaishali during the time of Buddha, where would it be discussed? [    ] (A) The Sabha  (B) The Ganapati  (C) The Gana   (D) The Raj Sabha Short Answer Questions 17) What are the four things that a Jain monk should never do? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Why did the scenes of suffering which the Buddha saw convince him to leave home? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Identify the Mahajanapadas pointed out on the map. State the name of a gana. • ___________ • ___________ • ___________ 26

Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Buddhism did not stay only in India. It spread throughout Asia. Find out five famous Buddhist monuments in different countries in Asia. On the given map, paste pictures of the monuments on the countries they are from. Rise of New Religions 27

Map Practice 1) Mark the following on the given map. You can take help of an atlas to answer the questions. a)  Label a state in India that lies above the Tropic of Cancer. b)  Label two states in India that lie in the Torrid Zone. c) The Indian Standard Time is measured using the 82.5° E meridian. Mark the 82.5° E meridian on the map. d)  Mark the Tropic of Cancer on the given map. Ans. _ 28

2) Mark the following on the given map. a)  Dholavira and Rakhigarhi b)  the place of the Indus Valley Civilization famous for its harbour c)  the town of the Indus Valley Civilization famous for its public bath d)  the town of the Indus Valley Civilization that had six granaries Ans._ Map Practice 29

3) Mark the following on the given map. a)  the state in which Mahavira was born b)  the country where Buddha was born c)  Vatsa and Kosala d)  a Mahajanapada that was a republic Ans. 30

4) Mark the following on the given map. a)  the state of India which has a dry and hot climate b)  the state in which Buddha attained enlightenment c)  the state of India which is cold throughout the year d)  the state which experiences coastal climate Ans. Map Practice 31

5) On the given map of the world, draw and label the following. a)  the 0° latitude b)  the latitude that is also known as the Southern Tropic c)  the meridian that passes through Greenwich in the United Kingdom d)  the northernmost major latitude that lies below the North Pole Ans. 32

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