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# 9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3

## Description: 9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3

Drill Time Concept 10.1: Pictographs Solve the following: 1) The pictograph shows the number of students in each group. Use the pictograph to answer the questions. Key: 1 = 5 students Number of students Group Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 a) Which group has the maximum number of students? b) How many students are there in Group 4? c) Which group has 20 students? DMautaltiHpalicnadtlinogn 29 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 51 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

2) T he pictograph shows the number of sharpeners with each kid. Use the pictograph to answer the questions. Key: 1 = 2 sharpeners Name of the kid Number of sharpeners Rita a) Who has the minimum number of sharpeners? Sameera Rakesh b) H ow many sharpeners are there in all? c) Who has two sharpeners? 3) T  he pictograph shows the number of ice creams that each kid ate. Use the pictograph to answer the questions. Key: 1 = 3 ice creams Name of the Kid Number of ice creams a) Who ate the minimum Vinay number of ice creams? Swaroop Mahesh b) W hich kid ate three ice creams? c) Who ate the maximum number of ice creams? Rehana 30 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 52

Look and Learn Contents Class 2 1 3 Creep and Crawl............................Science and Technology������������������������� 1 1 4 Chips and Fries...............................Health and Reproductive Health������������� 6 Activity Time – B����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 Activity B1: Pinwheels Activity B2: Carton Bugs 1 5 Animal Homes................................S. cience and Technology����������������������� 12 1 6 Clothes We Wear.............................Science and Technology����������������������� 17 1 7 Moving Around...............................T. ravel and Tourism���������������������������������� 21 Activity Time – C���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26 Activity C1: Snow House Activity C2: Red, Green and Yellow NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 53 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Lesson Creep and Crawl 13 Let Us Learn About R insects around us. U the places where insects live. A useful insects and harmful insects. H how spiders catch and eat insects. Think Rajat found a small, green, creeping animal on a leaf in the garden. He wants to know about that animal. Do you know its name? Remembering The small, creeping animal Rajat found in his garden is a caterpillar. It has many legs. We see many such small animals in and around our house. Do you know their names? ant housefly cockroach 1 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 54

butterfly grasshopper mosquito These small animals are called insects. Life cycle of a butterfly They creep and crawl. They have six eggs legs. Some insects have wings and can fly. For example, a butterfly, bee, butterfly caterpillar mosquito and so on. Ants and termites pupa are examples of insects which cannot fly. Many insects have different stages in their lives. When they hatch from the egg, they look different. They change their shape and size many times before they become fully grown. For example, a butterfly is first in the form of a caterpillar. Then it becomes a pupa. Later it changes to an adult butterfly. Understanding Where do insects live? We can find some insects like ants in the soil. Insects such as honeybees and butterflies are found on plants. Cockroaches are found inside houses. We can find them in cracks of walls, waste water pipes and so on. During the day, they hide in dark corners of the houses. They come out at night. Insects like bees and ants live in colonies. Colonies are groups of insects living together. Creep and Crawl 2 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 55 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Have you ever seen anthills or beehives? These are the colonies of ants and honeybees. ants – anthill honeybees – beehive We can find different types of ants in and around our houses. Certain kinds of ants make their colonies on trees. Why do some insects hide? They hide to protect themselves from their enemies. ant colony on a tree Application Some of the insects that we see in our surroundings are useful to us. Useful Insects Honeybees store honey in their hives. We take this honey and use it in our food and in the preparation of medicines. Beehives are made up of beeswax. We use this wax in medicines. Beeswax is also used to make candles. honey candles made from beeswax 3 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 56

Harmful Insects mosquito biting Some insects like flies, mosquitoes and bed bugs are harmful to us. They carry germs. When they bite us, these germs enter our body and make us sick. Insects like cockroaches and ants eat the stored food items. They can also damage our clothes. cockroach eating a bread ants taking stored grains cloth eaten by ants Some insects are harmful to the plants we grow. They eat up their leaves and fruits. insects eat and damage the leaf Amazing Facts Did you know that honeybees and butterflies help the flowers to grow into fruits? Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Have you seen spiders in or around your house? Are they insects? No. They are not insects. Unlike insects, they have eight legs. Creep and Crawl 4 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 57 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Spiders catch and eat many insects using their webs. You may have seen a spider web in or around your house. It may still be in use by a spider. Or it may be an old and dusty one called a cobweb. Spiders spin webs to catch small insects like flies. The a spider web threads of the web are sticky. So, insects get stuck on the web. Spiders eat those insects. Spiders build their webs between trees or in corners of rooms. Let’s do: Make a spider web with ice cream sticks and thread as shown in the picture. 5 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 58

Lesson Chips and Fries 14 Let Us Learn About Think R junk food. Farhat likes to eat pizzas and burgers U why junk food is bad for health. very often. But her parents do not A the health problems caused by allow her to eat those food items. Why do you think so? junk food. H how healthy food is better than junk food. Remembering We eat a variety of food items every day. Food gives us energy, helps us to grow and keeps us healthy. Some items are tasty but not so good for health. Can you name the food items given in the picture? NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 59 6 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

We all like to have food items like pizzas, burgers, samosa, chaat, noodles, chips, chocolates and so on. We like them because they are tasty. But, these food items contain a lot of sugar, salt, oil, cheese and so on. If eaten often, they are not good for our health. So, such food items are called junk food. It does not give nutrients to our body. Understanding We have seen that junk food contains a lot of sugar, salt, oil, cheese and butter. It is not good for health. Why is it tasty, but not good for health? Let us find out. 1) Junk food is usually not fresh food. Many say ‘no’ to junk food other harmful items are added to it. These things make it tasty and ready to eat. Eating too much of junk food causes health problems. 2) The food that we eat should contain nutrients like vitamins and minerals. They keep us healthy. They help us grow. They also protect us from sickness. Junk food does not contain these nutrients. So, we should avoid eating junk food. We should eat many healthy food items. They should include: • Food that gives us energy, for example, rice and roti. • Food that makes us strong and helps us grow, for example, dal, milk and eggs. • Food that protects us from healthy food sickness, for example, fruits and vegetables. 7 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 60

Application unwell child Junk food causes many health problems: 1) Our stomach is not able to break down such food easily. So, we will get stomach problems. 2) It makes us fat, weak and lazy. 3) It affects our growth. 4) Children eating junk food fall ill very often. Amazing Facts A single can of Coca-Cola has about 8 –10 teaspoons of sugar in it! If you drink a can of Coca-Cola every day for a month, it is equal to almost a whole bag of sugar! Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Let us compare junk food with healthy food. Healthy food Junk food It is useful for our body. It harms us in many ways. It helps us to grow. It harms our growth. It keeps us strong, fit and fine. It may make us weak and sick. It is freshly prepared. It may not be fresh. It does not have any harmful items in It may have harmful items added to it. it. These make it easy to cook and taste good. Chips and Fries 8 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 61 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Here are some junk food items. Find out what makes them junk. One is done for you: Oil and salt make them junk. French fries samosas _________________________________________________ burger _________________________________________________ soft drinks _________________________________________________ 9 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 62

Activity Time – B Make sure you do these activities only with the help of a teacher or an adult. Activity B1: Pinwheels A pinwheel is a child’s simple toy made of paper. The wheel spins when blown on by a person or breeze. You will need: coloured paper, pin, pencil and scissors You need to: 1) begin with a square piece of paper. 2) fold your square, corner to corner, and then unfold. 3) make a pencil mark about one-third of the way from the centre along the folded line. 4) cut along fold lines upto your pencil mark. 5) fold alternate corners into the centre, and stick a pin through all four corners. 6) fix the pinwheel to a stick or straw. Your pinwheel is ready to spin! NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 63 10 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Activity B2: Carton Bugs Let us make some carton bugs at home. You will need: egg cartons, scissors, paint, paintbrushes, wiggle eyes, markers, pipe cleaners and a hole punch You need to: 1) separate the egg cartons into various sizes using a pair of scissors. Make some that have only one cup, some with two cups and some with as many as four or five (for caterpillars). 2) choose what type of bugs you want to make. One cup works well for a spider; two work well for a bigger insect; three or more work well for a caterpillar. 3) paint your bug in any colour you wish. Let it dry. 4) place the carton upside down once it is dry, so that the bump is on top. Using a single- hole punch, punch holes at the base of the cup where you want the legs. For a spider, punch four holes on each side. (This step should be done under a teacher’s supervision.) 5) thread the pipe cleaners through the holes to create legs. 6) decorate the bugs using wiggle eyes, glitter, feathers and so on. 11 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 64

Lesson Animal Homes 15 Let Us Learn About R shelters of wild and domestic animals. U benefits of shelters to animals. a zoos and national parks. H animal shelters in different seasons. Think Sam was playing outside his house. He found two little birds chirping on a nearby tree. Suddenly it started to rain. He rushed to reach his house. He wondered, what would happen to those birds. Where would they go to be safe during the rain? Remembering Like us, animals also need places where they can live. The places where animals live are called shelters. Let us learn about the shelters of different kinds of animals around us. Shelters of Domestic Animals We build shelters for domestic animals like cows, buffaloes, goats, dogs, horses and so on. cowshed kennel stable 12 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 65 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM

Shelters Wild animals live in a variety of shelters such as caves, burrows, of Wild nests and so on. Some of them build shelters. Some use the Animals shelters made by other animals. Birds mostly live on trees. They build nests to lay eggs. Nests are made of grass, twigs, leaves, threads, straw and so on. Twigs are small broken branches and sticks. Nests of all birds are not alike. Some birds do not make any efforts to build nests. For example, pigeons find shelters in gaps in walls, sunshades of windows and so on. twigs nests shelters of pigeons Rats and rabbits live underground in fields. They dig holes and burrows in the soil to live. Rats are also be found near houses and public places. They make holes in the walls and floors of houses made of mud. rabbits, rats and mice live in burrows snake hole Snakes do not build their shelters. They live in the holes and burrows made by other animals. We have seen that insects anthill beehive mostly use trees or soil as their shelters. Some of them build shelters for themselves. For example, ants build anthills, bees make hives, and so on. 13 1/8/2019 9:22:26 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 66

Frogs live in moist places. They can live on the ground or trees. Tigers and lions live in caves. Monkeys live on trees. frogs live on the ground or trees lions in a cave monkey on a tree Understanding Why do animals need shelters? 1) Shelters protect them from the harsh weather: Shelters protect animals from the rain, wind, hot Sun and very cold weather. 2) Shelters protect them from their enemies: They help them to hide from the animals who eat them. Shelters also protect the young ones from their enemies. 3) Some animals like birds need shelters to lay eggs and feed their young ones: There are many animals which eat the eggs of birds. So, birds need a safe place to lay their eggs. They build nests in such places where other animals cannot reach them easily. birds use nests to lay eggs and feed their young ones Application You have learnt about the shelters of wild animals. They are their natural homes. Animal Homes 14 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 67 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

But sometimes we see wild animals like the lion, tiger, zoo elephant and monkey in a zoo. Zoos are man-made shelters of these animals. We build them. In the zoos, animals get food and are safe from their enemies. But they are not free. They are kept in cages. Some forest areas are protected as national parks to save the animals and their natural shelters. There, the animals can live freely. Cutting trees or killing animals in these areas is against the law. national park Amazing Facts Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. It was set up in 1936 to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. Bengal tiger Jim Corbett National Park Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) The shelters of animals do not give enough protection from extreme hot or cold climate. What do animals do on such days? Let us see. Some animals travel to warm places to escape the extremely cold climate. For example, birds fly to faraway places to escape from the cold winters. birds travel to faraway places 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM 15 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 68

Some animals go into a deep sleep to escape the cold weather and shortage of food. These animals go to a cave or a burrow to sleep. In a hot climate, some animals go for a summer sleep. They bury themselves in the ground to avoid the heat. For example, crocodiles and some kinds of frogs move underground where it is cold and more moist to sleep. animals go to a deep a frog sleeping underground winter sleep Animal Homes 16 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 69 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

Lesson Clothes We Wear 16 Let Us Learn About R different types of clothes we wear. U the need for different types of clothes. A clothes in different regions. H how tailors stitch our clothes. Think We wear different types of clothes. Why do we wear clothes? Why do we need different types of clothes? Remembering We wear different kinds of clothes. Do all the clothes that we wear look and feel the same? No. Some clothes are rough while some are soft. Some are thick and some are thin. Some clothes are smooth and silky. The clothes we wear to different places and occasions differ. What do you wear to school? You wear a uniform to school. We wear night clothes when we go to bed. We wear special clothes during parties, festivals and other occasions. 17 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 70

school uniform nightwear party wear Clothes we wear also vary with the season. We use thin cotton clothes in summer and thick woollen clothes in winter. During the rainy season, we wear clothes which easily dry. We use raincoats when we go out in the rains. summer clothes winter clothes clothes for rain We may use different types of clothes at the workplace. Certain types of jobs need special clothes. For example, police, doctors and lawyers wear special clothes. police doctor lawyer Understanding Why do we wear clothes? We wear clothes to cover and protect our body. Clothes protect us from heat, cold, rain and dust. Clothes We Wear 18 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 71 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

Why do we need different types of clothes? Can you go to school wearing your night dress? Or can you sleep comfortably in your school uniform? No. While sleeping, we need soft and loose night clothes to sleep well. For school, we need a well-ironed and clean school uniform. Similarly, the clothes we wear should be suitable for the weather. Summers are hot, so we wear thin cotton clothes. Cotton allows air to pass through it. It soaks the sweat. So, cotton clothes keep us cool in summer. Winters are cold. During winter, we need thick clothes to protect our body from the cold weather. So, we wear woollen clothes. They keep us warm. During the rainy season, we need waterproof clothes. So, we wear raincoats. They are made from plastic or rubber. They do not allow water to get in. They protect us from getting wet in the rains. Why do people use special clothes at work? Special clothes are suitable for the kind of job they do. They also protect them. For example, firefighters need clothes to protect them from fire. Do you know why you all wear uniforms to school? Find out. Application We discussed the need for different types of clothes. Do people at different places wear the same kind of clothes? Let us find out. Traditional clothes differ across the states and regions of our country. For example, in Rajasthan, men wear dhoti, kurta, angarkha and paggar(safa). Women wear long skirts called the ghagra and tops known as kanchli. Kashmiri men and women wear poots and pheran. In Assam, women wear mekhela chadar, while the men wear dhoti and gamosa. People in different regions may wear the same type of clothes in various ways. For example, the way women wear saree is different across regions. 19 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 72

Kashmiri woman people of Assam Rajasthani women Amazing Facts In olden times, human beings did not know how to make clothes. They used leaves, barks of trees and animal skins as clothes. a man wearing animal skin Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Have you ever been to a tailoring shop? A tailor is a person who stitches clothes. A tailor uses a measuring tape to take measurements. Have you seen how he or she takes measurements? He or she uses scissors to cut clothes in the proper shape. A sewing machine is used to stitch. Thread and needle are used to sew clothes. measuring tape, scissors, thread and needle a tailor stitching clothes Clothes We Wear 20 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 73 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

Lesson Moving Around 17 Let Us Learn About R the different types of transportation. U transport vehicles. A traffic rules. H people who help us in transportation. Think paper boat Reena likes to make paper boats and watch them float on water. Have you ever seen a real boat or travelled in one? How is it different from a car? Remembering A car travels on land. But a boat travels Types/means of transportation through water. Are there any other ways by which we can travel? Let us find out. We need to travel for various purposes. We water land air railways also need to carry our belongings from one place to another. We can travel and move our goods through land, water or air. These roadways are the types of transportation. Transportation means carrying people or goods from one place to another. We have roadways and railways for transportation through land. 21 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 74 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

We use the land type of transport to travel short distances. Water and air transport are used to travel to faraway places. Air type of transport is faster than land and water transportation. Understanding For all types of transport, we need vehicles to carry people and goods. two-wheelers three-wheelers Example: car for land four-wheelers transport, boat for water vehicles with more than transport, aeroplane for air four wheels transport. Vehicles have wheels. The number of wheels may differ in different vehicles. Air transport vehicles may also have wings to help them fly. Let us learn about the vehicles used in each type. VEHICLES FOR LAND TRANSPORT 1) Roadways: For roadways, we use vehicles such as bicycles, scooters, auto-rickshaws, cars, buses, trucks and so on. All these vehicles need roads to run. Buses pick and drop people at bus stops or bus stations. bicycle scooter auto-rickshaw car bus truck road bus station NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 75 Moving Around 22 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM

2) Railways: Trains are railway transport vehicles. Trains are of different types. Some of them carry only goods. They are called goods trains. Trains travel faster than road transport vehicles. Trains need railway tracks to run. Trains pick and drop people and goods from railway stations. goods train railway track railway station VEHICLES FOR WATER TRANSPORT Water transport vehicles include rafts, boats, ships and so on. Ships carry people and goods across the ocean to different countries. Boats and rafts are smaller than ships. They can be used to travel shorter distances through water. ships Ships need ports for loading(picking) and unloading(dropping) people and goods. boats port rafts 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM 23 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 76

VEHICLES FOR AIR TRANSPORT Air transport vehicles include helicopters, aeroplanes, hot-air balloons and so on. helicopter aeroplane hot-air balloon Air transport vehicles need special places to take off and land. Planes need airports with runways. Helicopters need helipads. airport with runways helipad Transport vehicles can be for public or private use. For example, trains, buses, aeroplanes and auto-rickshaws. Sometimes, people need fire brigade police van ambulance help urgently. It is called an emergency. Special vehicles are used in such cases. For example, fire brigades, police vans, ambulances and so on. Application The rules which we need to follow on the roads are sign boards called traffic rules. We need rules on the road so that we can travel easily and safely. You must have seen some sign boards on the road. You may have also seen some lines and markings on the road. These signs and lines help us to use the roads safely. Moving Around 24 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 77 1/8/2019 9:22:27 AM