by classklapTM INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK – TERM 3 ENGLISH, MATHEMATICS and LOOK AND LEARN Enhanced Edition 2 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________ NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 1 1/8/2019 9:22:22 AM

English Contents Class 2 10 Saroj Aunty Loves to Travel�������������������������������������������������������������������������������1 11 Riding My Bicycle ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������7 12 A Little Princess (Drama) ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������12 S4 Speaking Project ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������16 R4 Reading Comprehension ������������������������������������������������������������������������������17 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 2 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM

10 Saroj Aunty Loves to Travel Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud Words starting with Words starting with Words starting with Words starting with the ‘sm’ sound the ‘sn’ sound the ‘st’ sound the ‘sw’ sound small snow step swing smile snake stop swift Warm Up • Have you heard stories about travel from your family? • Do you enjoy listening to such stories? Why? Let us read a story about the different places that Saroj Aunty travelled to. NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 3 1 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM

Reading the Text ‘Saroj Aunty is coming this evening’, said Mummy. Priti and Priya jumped with joy. She was their favourite aunt. She had many interesting tales to tell. She worked for a magazine and travelled a lot. jumped with joy S aroj Aunty reached at five o’clock. ‘Hello, my favourite girls’, she said. ‘Come in, Aunty’, said Priya. ‘We were waiting to magazine hear your stories.’ ‘Yes. I do have many stories to share’, said Aunty. ‘Aunty, where have you come from?’ asked Priti. ‘I had gone to a desert. I went there with my friend. He is a photographer. He wanted to click photographs of the rising and setting Sun. It was very hot in the day and cold at night. We had to travel on a camel as the cars would get stuck in the sand.’ desert ‘Before that, I was in the mountains’, said Aunty. ‘What a different place, from a desert to the mountains!’ said everyone. ‘Yes, at that time, my friend had to click pictures of a mountain lion. The villagers had seen the lion. Luckily, it was not snowing. But it was very cold with a lot of wind.’ ‘Were you able to click the pictures?’ asked Priya. ‘Yes. We set up a lookout point and covered it with leaves and branches. No one could see us. My friend had his camera ready. We had to wait for hours 2 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 4

before the lion came. We were able to click just a few pictures before the lion ran away after hearing some sounds.’ ‘What a story!’ said Priti. ‘I am going to travel when I grow up.’ ‘Me too’, said Priya. Let Us Discuss 1) Why did Saroj Aunty have to travel on a camel in the desert? 2) What does Priti want to do when she grows up? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word jumped with joy magazine desert lookout point Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) W hy were the girls excited to meet Saroj Aunty? Ans. Saroj Aunty Loves to Travel 3 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 5 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM

2) What did Saroj Aunty’s friend want to do in the desert? Ans. 3) W hat did Saroj Aunty and her friend do to take photos of a mountain lion? Ans. Exercise 3: Read and answer Complete the sentences by choosing the correct words from the brackets. 1) Priti and Priya were ____________________ (sad/happy) when they heard that their favourite aunt was coming. 2) Saroj Aunty worked for a ______________________ (magazine/newspaper). 3) S aroj Aunty was coming from _______________________ (a desert / the mountains). 4) In the desert, Saroj Aunty travelled on ____________________ (cars/camels). 5) Saroj Aunty and her friend were able to click just a few pictures before the _____________________ (bear/lion) ran away after hearing some sounds. 4 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 6

Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you like to travel? Why or why not? Ans. 2) Describe Saroj Aunty in your own words. Ans. Speaking Task Circle time Sit in a circle with your classmates and teacher. Take turns to tell one of your travel tales. Mention where you went, what you did and why it is a trip that you will never forget. Saroj Aunty Loves to Travel 5 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 7 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM

Word meanings jumped with happiness jumped with joy – a book with articles and pictures magazine – a land covered with sand desert – a safe place from where one can watch something lookout point – 6 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 8

Riding 11 My Bicycle Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming words Word Rhyming word hair there feet street like hills spills out bike, trike right polite ride about – inside – Warm Up • Do you know how to cycle? • D o you think that we should wear something to protect ourselves while riding a bicycle? Why or why not? Let us now read a poem about a girl who makes sure that she is safe while riding her bicycle. NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 9 7 1/8/2019 9:22:23 AM

Reading the Text Round and round and round, trike Go the wheels on my bike. Two big wheels, but sometimes three, helmet If you’re riding a trike. spills Feel the sun on my face, the wind in my hair, It’s how I get from here to there. Just doing what I like, Riding my bike. But before I even go out, sidewalk I have my safety to think about. So I wear a helmet every time I ride, It keeps my head safe inside. I always wear shoes on my feet, Stay on the sidewalk, not the street. Don’t ride too fast, going down big hills, ‘Cause I don’t want to take any spills. I use the signals I learned, signals So people know when I’m going to turn. Left arm out for a left, bent up for a right, Bent down for stop, it’s safe and polite. – Anonymous Let Us Discuss 1) What does the girl feel on her face as she rides her bicycle? 2) What does the girl like to do? 8 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 10

Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word bike trike safety helmet safe sidewalk ‘cause spills signals Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What protects the girl’s head? Ans. 2) What does the girl have to do to not take any spills? Ans. Riding My Bicycle 9 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 11 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

3) What hand signals does the girl talk about? Ans. Exercise 3: Read and answer Read the sentences based on the poem. Write true or false. Then, rewrite the false statements. 1) The girl never wears a helmet while riding a bike. _____________ 2) The girl rides her bike on the sidewalk and not on the street. _____________ 3) The girl rides her bike very fast while going down a hill. _____________ 4) The girl always uses signals while turning left or right. ____________ 5) The girl never wears shoes while riding her bicycle. _____________ Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you think it is useful or fun to learn how to cycle? Ans. 10 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 12

2) Why do you think the girl wears a helmet and shoes? Why does she follow the hand signals and rules? Ans. Speaking Task ABC..., Show and tell Do you have a bicycle? Draw a picture of your bicycle or any other toy that you love. Bring it to class and speak a few sentences about it. Say why it is special for you. Word meanings bike – a cycle with two wheels trike – a cycle with three wheels; tricycle safety – protection from danger helmet – a hard hat worn to keep the head safe safe – well and fine sidewalk – footpath ‘cause – because spills – falls signals – actions Riding My Bicycle 11 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 13 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

12 A Little Princess Listen and Say Aloud Words with the long ‘oo’ sound Words with the short ‘oo’ sound Moon food good foot roof tooth look wool Warm Up • Have you ever been alone without your parents? • Did you like it? Why or why not? Read a story of a little girl called Sara, whose father is leaving her in a school and going to a faraway land. 12 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 14

Reading the Text Sara was a little girl of seven. Her father, Captain Crewe, was dropping her at a school for girls at their hometown in London because he was going to India. In the taxi, Sara was sitting quietly and thinking. Sara: (softly) Papa. Captain Crewe: What is it? What are you thinking? Sara: Have we reached? Captain Crewe: Y es, little Sara. We have. Captain Crewe had been preparing Sara to go to the school for a long time. Sara: If we are here, I suppose we must go in. (sitting in a chair inside the room) I don’t like it. It’s like soldiers not wanting to go to war. Captain Crewe: (laughing) Oh, little Sara! What will I do when I have no one to say such things to me? Sara: What do you find so funny? Captain Crewe: (hugging her) You are such fun when you say soldier these things. Miss Minchin, the owner of the school, entered the room. Miss Minchin: It is so nice to have such a beautiful and good child with us. I have heard that you are very clever. Captain Crewe: Sara loves to read. She always sits with her nose in a book. Please keep her away from books if she reads too much. Let her ride her pony or maybe buy her a new doll. Sara: Papa, then I would have too many dolls. Dolls have to be special. Emily is going to be my best friend. Miss Minchin: Who is Emily? nose in a book Sara: She is a doll that Papa is going to buy for me. She will be my best friend. I will talk to her about everything. Miss Minchin: What a darling child! A Little Princess 13 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 15 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

Captain Crewe: (drawing Sara close to him) Yes, she is. Take good care of her, Miss Minchin. Captain Crewe and Sara found Emily in a shop. Captain Crewe left soon after, but Sara had Emily to talk to. – Adapted from A Little Princess by Frances Hodgson Burnett Let Us Discuss 1) Where is Sara’s father going? 2) Who will be Sara’s best friend when her father is gone? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word soldiers clever nose in a book Speaking Task Interview Divide your class into groups of three. Assign each group the roles of Sara, Captain Crewe and Miss Minchin. Then, read the play aloud and with appropriate expressions in class. 14 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 16

Word meanings – people who fight in an army soldiers – quick to learn clever – to read most of the time nose in a book A Little Princess 15 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 17 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

S4 Speaking Project Word association Sometimes, when we hear a word, it makes us think of other things that are related to that word. For example, the word ‘travel’ can remind you of words like ‘train’, ‘mountains’, ‘fun’, ‘family’, ‘games’, ‘walks’ and so on. Your teacher will read out a few words. Choose a word, and write down five more words that are related to that word. Use these words to make a story. Then, narrate it to the class. 16 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 18

R4 Reading Comprehension Picture 1 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) T here are __________ starfish in the picture. [ ] (A) seven (B) six [ ] (C) four (D) eight [ ] 2) The man is __________. (A) dancing (B) taking a photograph (C) taking a bath (D) painting a picture 3) The shark has sharp and white teeth. The adjectives in this sentence are __________. (A) ‘shark’ and ‘sharp’ (B) ‘the’ and ‘white’ (C) ‘shark’ and ‘white’ (D) ‘sharp’ and ‘white’ NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 19 17 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

4) T here are three __________ on the seabed. The word rhymes [ ] with ‘stones’. [ ] (A) fish (B) bones (C) phones (D) flowers 5) The shark is holding a __________ and a __________. (A) knife; fork (B) fork; spoon (C) knife; spoon (D) none of these Picture 2 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) The boy with the red cap is wearing __________ shoes. [ ] (A) blue (B) maroon [ ] (C) red (D) brown 2) The boy in the purple T-shirt is using a __________ to climb. 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM (A) string (B) rope (C) plank (D) ladder 18 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 20

3) They are climbing up __________ hill. [ ] (A) an (B) a [ ] (C) them (D) all of these [ ] 4) The children are climbing up. What is the opposite of ‘up’? (A) upper (B) top (C) down (D) under 5) One ladder is long, and the other is __________. (A) tall (B) short (C) big (D) thin Reading Comprehension 19 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 21 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

Mathematics Contents Class 2 9 Measurements 9.1 Measure Lengths Using Standard Units .......................................................... 1 9.2 Compare Objects Using a Simple Balance ................................................... 8 9.3 Compare Containers for Capacities ............................................................ 13 0 710 Data Handling 394516+-x 10.1 Pictographs ..................................................................................................... 19 82 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 22 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

Chapter Measurements 9 Let Us Learn About • m easuring lengths and distances using standard units. • comparing weights of two or more objects. • using simple balance to compare weights. • o rdering containers based on their capacities. Concept 9.1: Measure Lengths Using Standard Units Think David’s mother bought 3 cubits of garland. David observed that the same garland measured 5 cubits with his cubit. He wondered how he got more cubits than his mother. Do you know the reason for the difference? Recall Remember that the length of an object is the distance between its two ends. We can measure the lengths of long objects using some shorter objects. Also, we can measure objects using our hands, palm, foot and so on. NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 23 1 1/8/2019 9:22:24 AM

hand span cubit foot pace For example, consider the following: a) 9 paper clips long b) 5 erasers long c) 12 hand spans long d) 4 crayons long & Remembering and Understanding When different people measure an object using their body parts, they all get different lengths. The measures are different because the length of the body part is different for different people. 2 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 24

So, measures such as hand span, cubit, foot, leg span are called non-standard units. The standard unit of measurement of length is called metre. It is used to measure the length of a room, width of a room, height of a building and so on. We also use metre to measure the amount of cloth needed to make a dress. The unit ‘metre’ is written in short as ‘m’. To measure lengths smaller than a metre, we use another unit called the centimetre. Centimetre is used to measure a line, length of a ribbon and so on. We write ‘centimetre’ in short as ‘cm’. To measure lengths larger than a metre we use a larger unit called the ‘kilometre’. It is written in short as ‘km’. It is used to measure the length of a road, the distance between two places, lengths of bridges, tunnels and so on. Thus, 1 km > 1 m > 1 cm Using these standard units, we can measure the lengths of objects accurately. Standard units give the same measure of the object anywhere in the world. The standard instruments used to measure length are a ruler (or a scale), a measuring tape and so on. A ruler is used to measure the length in centimetres and inches. A measuring tape is used to measure longer lengths in metres and kilometres. Measuring objects using a ruler A ruler is made of plastic or metal. It has two scales on both sides as shown below. On one side, there is a centimetre scale and on the other side is the inch scale. We measure lengths of small objects such as a chalk, duster, sketch pen, pencil, pencil box and so on using any of these scales. The distance between 0 and the number at the other end of the object on a ruler is the length of the object. MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 3 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 25 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

To measure the length of an object using a ruler, follow these steps: Step 1: Keep one end of the object at the zero of the ruler. Step 2: Note the number on the ruler which is at the other end of the object. Step 3: Write the units beside the number noted in step 2. The number along with the unit denotes the length of the object. Observe the following: a) The distance between the two ends of the pencil is 6 cm. So, the pencil is 6 cm long. Similarly, b) The water bottle is 12 cm long. c) The cell phone is 9 cm long. 4 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 26

Let us consider a few examples. Example 1: Measure these objects and write their lengths with the correct unit. One is done for you. Example 2: Measure the length of these pictures using your own ruler. Note down their lengths. S. No. Picture Length a) b) c) d) e) MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 5 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 27 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Application We measure longer objects in metres and distances in kilometres. Let us now learn how these units are related. On the centimetre ruler, we see that the distance between any two consecutive numbers is 1 cm. We see 10 equal divisions in a centimetre. Each of these divisions is called a ‘millimetre’, written in short as ‘mm’. Example 3: Tick the unit used to measure the lengths of the following. One is done for you. Object cm Units km Blue whale m Book Toothbrush Table Road 6 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 28

Example 4: Tick the unit used to measure the following. One is done for you. Object Units mm cm m km Window Ribbon Rope Cloth Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Let us see an example involving standard and non-standard units. Example 5: The length of Shyam’s hand span is 8 centimetres. He measured the length of a table as 5 hand spans. What is the length of the table in centimetres? Solution: The length of Shyam’s hand span = 8 centimetres The length of the table = 5 hand spans The length of the table in centimetres = 5 × 8 centimetres = 40 centimetres So, the table is 40 cm long. MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 7 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 29 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Concept 9.2: Compare Objects Using a Simple Balance Think David’s mother bought some flowers. She found that the flowers were lighter than what she had asked for. David’s mother weighted the flowers using a simple balance and found that she was right. Why was there a difference? Recall We have learnt how to guess the heaviness of objects based on their size. Let us answer the following to recall heavy and light objects. Write heavier or lighter in the blanks. One is done for you. 3 balls are heavier than 1 ball. The cabbage is __________ than the potato. 8 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 30

2 lotuses are _____________ than 2 The capsicum is ______________ than roses. the pumpkin. & Remembering and Understanding The standard instrument used to measure the weight of an object is the simple balance. The standard units of weight are gram and kilogram. We write grams as g and kilograms as kg. A smaller unit of weight is milligram written as mg. For example, tablets, spices and so on are measured using milligrams. Heavier objects such as pencils, cereals and so on are measured using grams. Objects heavier than the ones given above need a greater unit of measurement. We use kilograms to measure such objects. Dal, rice, sugar, wheat and so on are measured in kilograms. Weights of objects such as watermelon, human beings and books are measured in kilograms. MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 9 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 31 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

5 kg 6 kg 1 kg Thus, 1 kg > 1 g > 1 mg Example 6: Tick the unit used to measure the following. One has been done for you. Objects mg g kg a) b) c) 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM d) e) 10 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 32

Application Jewellers use grams to weigh ornaments. 10 g of jewellery is called a ‘tola’. Let us see an example where we need to use standard units of weights. Example 7: Write the unit that must be used to measure the weights of the following objects. One is done for you. g Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) We can weigh objects using a simple balance and the weights. To weigh an object, we place it on the left pan of the balance and add the weights on the right pan. When both pans are at the same level, we say that the beam is balanced. We then read the total weights put on the pan. This gives the weight of the object. From the given figure, we see that the weight of the watermelon is 5 kg. MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 11 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 33 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Example 8 : Observe the figures and write the weights of the given objects. One is done for you. a) 1 kg + 1 kg + 1 kg = 3 kg b) The pumpkin weighs The dog weighs 3 kg . __________kg. Concept 9.3: Compare Containers for Capacities Think David saw glasses of different sizes in his kitchen. He wondered why so many types of glasses were needed. He also observed that the glasses he used to drink water and milk were different. Why do you think we use containers of different sizes? Recall Recall that we use vessels and containers of different sizes. A tub can hold more water than a bucket. Similarly, a bucket can hold more water than a jug. The capacity or volume of a container is the quantity of water or any other liquid that it can hold. There are different types of vessels based on their capacities. Glasses, bottles, jugs and so on are non-standard units to measure liquids. 12 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 34

Observe these containers and order them based on their capacity. Write 1 for the smallest container. 9.3 I Remember and Understand The standard units of capacity are millilitres, litres and kilolitres. The following figure shows different containers used for measuring capacity: Small quantities of liquids such as tonic doses are measured in millilitres, written as ‘mℓ’. Quantities of oil, milk, fruit juices and so on are measured in litres, written as ‘ℓ’. Larger quantities such as petrol in tankers are measured in kilolitres, written as ‘kℓ’. Thus, 1 kℓ > 1 ℓ > 1 mℓ MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 13 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 35 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Example 9: Tick the units used to measure the following. One has been done for you. Container Units ℓ mℓ 14 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 36

Example 10: Circle the vessel which uses the given unit of capacity. One is done for you. Unit of Vessels capacity ℓ mℓ ℓ Application Let us see some real-life examples involving measurement of capacities. Example 11: Renu has 38 litres of orange juice in a bucket. A jug that can hold 2 litres is used five times to fill the juice glasses. How much juice is remaining in the bucket? Solution: Quantity of orange juice in the bucket = 38 ℓ Quantity of orange juice a jug can hold = 2 ℓ MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 15 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 37 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

The jug was used 5 times. So, the quantity of the orange juice poured in the juice glasses is 2 ℓ × 5 = 10 ℓ Quantity of the orange juice remaining in the bucket is (38 – 10) litres = 28 litres So, 28 litres of orange juice is remaining in the bucket. Example 12: Milk from two full jugs each measuring 55 litres is poured into a bucket of 200 litres. How many more litres of milk can the bucket hold? Solution: Capacity of the bucket = 200 litres Quantity of milk poured into the bucket = 55 litres + 55 litres = 110 litres Difference in capacities = (200 – 110) litres = 90 litres So, the bucket can hold 90 more litres of milk. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Let us now see how we use standard units of volumes in a few real-life situations. Example 13: Sravan pours 6 glasses of juice into a jug. If each glass measures 250 mℓ, how much juice is in the jug? Solution: Number of glasses of juice poured in the jug = 6 Quantity of juice in each glass = 250 mℓ Total quantity of juice in the jug = 250 mℓ + 250 mℓ + 250 mℓ + 250 mℓ + 250 mℓ + 250 mℓ = 1500 mℓ So, the quantity of juice in the jar is 1500 mℓ. 16 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 38

Drill Time Concept 9.1: Measure Lengths Using Standard Units 1) What is the unit used to measure the length of a side in each of the following figures? a) b) c) d) Concept 9.2: Compare Objects Using a Simple Balance 2) Which unit should be used to measure the weight of the following? a) b) c) d) MMeualstuiprelicmaetinotns 17 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 39 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

3) Word problems a) Robin bought 3 kg of wheat and 15 kg of rice. Which item did he buy more? b) Rakesh’s bag weighs 5 kg. His sister’s bag weighs 4 kg. What is the total weight of their bags? Concept 9.3: Compare Containers for Capacities 4) What are the units used to measure the capacities of the following? a) b) c) d) 5) Word problems a) Salma has 22 litres of water in a bucket. She has a jug that can hold 2 litres. She uses 11 times to fill the bucket. How much water is remaining in the bucket? b) J uice from two full jugs each measuring 40 litres is poured into a drum of 120 litres. How many more litres of juice can the drum hold? 18 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 40

Chapter Data Handling 10 Let Us Learn About • the term ‘pictograph’. • reading a pictograph. • p resenting information through a pictograph. Concept 10.1: Pictographs Think David saw fruits of different colours in a basket. He wanted to count the number of fruits of each colour. How should David note them down? Recall Let us recall the concepts that we have already learnt. Data: A series of facts collected for some particular use is called data. Collection: A group of objects or items taken together is called a collection. Multiplication 19 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 41 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Arun has some toys with him as shown in this picture. Observe his collection and answer the questions. Cars Cars Bus Truck Cycle Bus Bike a) How many toys does Arun have? [ ] b) Which toy is maximum in number? [ ] c) Which toys are minimum in number? [ ] d) How many toy cars does Arun have? [ ] e) How many toy buses does Arun have? [ ] & Remembering and Understanding In class 1, we have learnt to make collections. We showed a collection by drawing pictures of the given things. 20 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 42

Consider the following examples of collections: 1) List of students in a class whose names begin with the letter ‘S’. List of students in a class whose names begin with the letter ‘S’. S. No. Name of the Student 1) Sampath Kumar 2) Sai Nikilesh 3) Srikanth 4) Sharath Chandra 5) Suraj 6) Saritha 7) Sowjanya 8) Sukanya 2) List of people with their phone numbers. List of people with their phone numbers S. No. Name of the person Phone number 1) 2) Sharath Chandra 9246070416 3) 4) Saritha 9413820164 5) Sukanya 9964712741 Suraj 9347938472 Sowjanya 9834562366 DMautaltiHpalicnadtlinogn 21 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 43 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

3) List of different types of dresses. List of different types of dresses S. No. Dress Number of dresses 1) Frock 5 2) Jeans 9 3) T-shirt 4 In the same way, a) make a list of the objects that are in your school bag. b) make a list of things that you take on a picnic. Making a list of items may take a lot of time if there are many items. Hence, it is necessary to use a pictograph. Pictograph: Listing the different data items using picture symbols is called a pictograph. To read a pictograph, we: a) look at the given key. b) multiply the given number of pictures with the value of the key. Key: A key on a pictograph tells us how many objects each picture stands for. Consider these examples. Example 1: If = 10 strawberries, then means how many strawberries? Solution: = 10 strawberries (Given). So, = 3 × 10 strawberries = 30 strawberries 22 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 44

Example 2: If = 4 cupcakes, then means how many cupcakes? Solution: = 4 cupcakes (Given) So, = 2 × 4 cupcakes = 8 cupcakes Example 3: The number of cakes baked in a week is given in a pictograph. Observe the given pictograph and answer the questions. Key: = 5 cakes Day of the week Number of cakes baked in the week Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday DMautaltiHpalicnadtlinogn 23 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 45 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

a) How many cakes were baked on Thursday? b) On which day were the highest number of cakes baked? c) On which day were the least number of cakes baked? d) How many cakes were baked on Wednesday? Solution: a) Number of cakes baked on Thursday = 1 =1 × 5 cakes = 5 cakes b) The highest number of symbols given is for Sunday. So, the highest number of cakes were baked on Sunday. c) T he least number of symbols given is for Thursday. So, the least number of cakes were baked on Thursday. d) The number of symbols given for Wednesday is 3. S o, the number of cakes baked on Wednesday is 3 × 5 cakes = 15 cakes. Application Let us learn more about pictographs through these examples. Example 4: The number of students in a class having pets is given in the pictograph. Understand it and answer the questions. Key: 1 = 4 students, 1 = 2 students 24 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 46

Pet Number of students a) How many students are present in the class? b) How many students have a pet dog? c) How many students have a pet cat? d) Which pet does the maximum number of students have? e) Which pet does the minimum number of students have? Solution: a) 1 = 4 students So, 10 = 4 × 10 students = 40 students DMautaltiHpalicnadtlinogn 25 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 47 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

= 2 students So, 3 = 6 students S o, the total number of students present in the class = 40 + 6 = 46 students. b) 1 = 4 students So, 3 = 3 × 4 students = 12 students 1 = 2 students So, number of students who have a pet dog = 12 + 2 = 14. c) 1 = 4 students So, 2 = 2 × 4 students = 8 students 1 = 2 students So, the number of students who have a pet cat = 8 + 2 = 10. d) T he maximum number of symbols is given for the dog. So, most of the students have dogs as pets. e) T he minimum number of symbols is given for the fish. So,the least number of students have fish as pets. Example 5: The given pictograph shows the grades that students of Class 2 got in an exam. Read the pictograph and complete the table. Key: = 2 students; = 1 student A+: Excellent, A: Very Good, B+: Good B: Fair, C: Better, D: Satisfactory, F: Fail 26 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 48

Grade Grades of the Students Number of students A+ Students A B+ B C D F Total a) How many students are there in the class? b) How many grades are there? c) How many students failed in the exam? Solution: d) How many students got A+ grade? e) Which grade is obtained by most number of the students? a) Grade A+ A B+ B C D F Total Number of students 6 9 13 8 7 4 1 48 There are 48 students in the class. b) There are 7 grades. c) 1 student failed in the exam. d) 6 students got A+ grade. e) Maximum number of students got the B+ grade. DMautaltiHpalicnadtlinogn 27 NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 49 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) We have learnt how to read a pictograph. Now, let us learn to draw a pictograph when some data is given. Example 6: The number of flower pots sold in a nursery on one day are 12 Marigold, 21 Jasmine, 9 Tulip, 6 Daisy and 6 Lily. Represent the data in a pictograph taking a symbol equal to three flower pots. Then answer the questions that follow. a) Which flower pots were sold the maximum? b) Which flower pots were sold in equal number? c) How many tulip flower pots were sold? Solution: = 3 flower pots Flower pots sold on a day Marigold Jasmine Tulip Daisy Lily a) Jasmine flower pots were sold the maximum. b) Daisy and lily flower pots were sold in equal number. c) = 3 flower pots = 3 × 3 = 9 flower pots. So, 9 tulip flower pots were sold. 28 1/8/2019 9:22:25 AM NR_BGM_9789386663092 MAPLE G02 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 3_Text.pdf 50

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