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Published by IMAX, 2019-01-24 08:03:52



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ENVIRONMENTAL 1 STUDIES TEXTBOOK – 1 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________ NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___1 / 52

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. Our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. IMAX presents the Traveller series, designed specifically to meet the requirements of the new curriculum released in November 2016 by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). Guiding principles: The 2016 CISCE curriculum states the following as its guiding principles for Environmental Studies (EVS):  EVS learning needs to be theme-based rather than topic-based  Relating the child’s local knowledge to what is learnt in class will discourage the rote memorisation and encourage the developmentally age-appropriate learning  Visuals/illustrations play a very pivotal role in EVS learning  Activities and questions have an important place in EVS learning Each of these principles resonates with the spirit in which the IMAX textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books have been designed. The IMAX team of pedagogy experts has carried out an intensive mapping exercise to create a framework based on the CISCE curriculum document. Key features of IMAX Traveller series:  Theme-based content that addresses all the specified learning outcomes holistically.  Student engagement through age-appropriate, visually appealing and activity-based content.  Diverse presentation and activities to address the differential learning styles of students. A variety of question types based on Bloom’s taxonomy to build specific  thinking skills. Focus on EVS-specific vocabulary building.  All in all, the Traveller series aims to promote an interdisciplinary learning of the environment and its dynamic interactions with humans subtly in order to promote concern and sensitivity towards the environment as a vital entity that supports the existence of life. – The Authors NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___2 / 52

Textbook Features • Use of simple, age-appropriate language • Activity-based approach to learning • Use of infographics and pictures to explain concepts and terms • Focus on subject-related vocabulary building I Think I Will Learn About • Introduces the concept/ • Lists the key learning subtopic in a manner as to outcomes of the lesson arouse curiosity and interest among students ? In-text Questions Pin-Up-Note • Oral discussion questions to check for learning and to • H ighlights the key points or gauge the understanding definitions level of the child Connect the Dots A Be Amazed • F osters interdisciplinary • Fascinating facts and trivia thinking by connecting other related to the concept subjects to an aspect of the taught concept Inside the Lab A Note to Parent • H ands-on experience • E ngaging activities to be done provided for creating, at home along with parents to designing or implementing reinforce the concept something innovative and/or useful based on the concept learnt NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___3 / 52

Contents 1 Who Am I? �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������1 2 My Family, Neighbours and Friends �������������������������������������������������������������7 3 Food We Eat ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15 4 Water for My House ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������22 5 My House ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������28 Inside the Lab − A ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������34 Activity A1: Fruit Salad Activity A2: Building a House 6 Clothes We Wear ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������36 7 Air Around Us ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������41 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___4 / 52

1Lesson Who Am I? I Will Learn About • name, address, phone number and birthday. • body parts and their uses. • likes, dislikes and hobbies. • feelings. I Think Mona wants to send a birthday gift to you. What does Mona need to know about you to send it? Mona will need to know your full name, address and birthday to send the gift. She needs to know your likes and dislikes to select the gift for you. Name, address, phone number and birthday Full name: We all have a name. Our full name has two parts – first name and last name. Some of us have a middle name too. 1 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___5 / 52

Mona’s full name is Mona Rahul Das. Her first name is Mona, middle name is Rahul. Her last name is Das. What is your full name? Do you have a brother or sister? Do you know his/her full name? Can you tell your father’s and mother’s names? Address: Mona will need your house number, road name and the name of the city you live in to send the gift. All these together are called an address. Do you know your home address? Do not share your name or address with people you do not know. Rajat Sharma Phone number: Mona will need to know House 2, Block 9, Karol Bagh, the mobile phone number of your New Delhi parents or your home phone. Mona can Pin-code-110005 call and wish you on India these numbers. Do you know the phone numbers of your parents and home? We all have different Be Amaze names, addresses Mobile phone A and phone numbers. d 100 is an important phone number. This number is used to get help from the police if you are in any kind of trouble. Birthday: The day on which we were born is our birthday. When is your birthday? On her birthday, Mona got a gift from her friend Rina. It was a body puzzle game! To solve it, she needs to know her body parts. Let us help her. 2 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___6 / 52

Body parts and their uses The three main parts of our body are: head, trunk and limbs. Our body parts Hair Head Trunk Mouth Limbs Neck Shoulder Arm Elbow Chest Stomach Hand Finger Leg Foot Each of these body parts helps us to do some work. Legs and toes Hands help us to Mouth helps us to help us to walk, hold and write. speak, eat and run, and climb. drink. We have some special body parts. They help us to know the things and events happening around us. They are called sense organs. Who am I? 3 TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK_Pg.3_NEW PAGE_27-12-18.pdf___1 / 1

We have five sense organs. Eyes, ears, nose, Sense organs are special tongue and skin are our sense organs. The body parts that help sense organs help us to see, hear, smell, taste us to know the things and feel the things around us. around us. We have five sense organs - eyes, ? Which body part helps us to ears, nose, tongue and walk and run? skin. Ears help us to Eyes help us to hear. see. The nose helps us The tongue to smell. helps us to taste. The skin helps us to touch and feel. Likes, dislikes and hobbies Mona likes chocolates a lot. Do you like chocolates? We all like to eat, wear and do different things. The likes and dislikes of each one of us are different from others. Look at the pictures given on the next ? Name any one food page. Tick the things you like, and cross item that you dislike. the things you dislike (do not like). [Like ()/Dislike ()] 4 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___8 / 52

Popcorn Music Bitter gourd (karela) Movie When you go for shopping with your parents, how do you choose the things you want to buy? You pick up the things you like. We all make choices about our belongings based on our likes and dislikes. Hobbies Activities we enjoy doing during our free time are called hobbies. Do all your friends like to do the same activities during their free time? No. You may like to colour pictures; your friend ? What is your hobby? may like to swim. Different people have different hobbies. Painting Playing Singing Feelings How do you feel when you are enjoying your favourite hobby? Would you say you feel happy or sad? What about angry or calm? How we feel is called feelings. We may feel happy, sad, angry, calm and so on. Things we like make us happy. What are the things that make you feel happy? We show our feelings through facial expressions, actions or words. Who Am I? 5 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___9 / 52

Happy Sad Angry Calm It is good to show how we feel, but we must learn to control our feelings. Do you think it is good to cry or shout when you are in a classroom or theatre? Connect the Dots English Fun Read the poem. Act it out. Ten little fingers, Two little eyes, Ten little toes. To look around. Two little ears, Two little lips, And one little nose. To smile year round. Maths Fun Count the total number of your fingers and toes. Write the numbers using tens and ones below. Fingers: Toes: TO TO A Note to Parent Explain to your child about the importance of his/her address, contact number and so on. Make him/her learn them. Also, help him/her learn your full name as well as the names of his/her siblings, if any. 6 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___10 / 52

My Family, 2Lesson Neighbours and Friends I Will Learn About • my family and family members. • different types of families. • my family tree. • roles of my family members. • my neighbours and friends. • the need for neighbours and friends. I Think Raj found an old photograph. His father told him that it was a ‘family photo’. There were many family members in it. Raj wondered if all his friends have a similar family photo. Do you have any such photograph of your family? How many members are there in that photo? My family and family members A family is a group of people who are related to one another. You live with your father, mother, brother and sister. Do your grandparents also stay with you? They are all your family members. • Your mother and father are your parents. • You are their daughter or son. • Your brothers and sisters are your siblings. 7 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___11 / 52

• Your father’s parents and mother’s parents are your grandparents. • Your mother’s sisters and father’s sisters are your aunts. • Your father’s brothers and mother’s brothers are your uncles. • Children of your aunts and uncles are your cousins. Ayush’s family (Ayush’s parents) Father Mother Aunt Uncle Grandmother Grandfather Brother Sister Ayush Ayush’s cousin (Ayush’s siblings) A family is a group ? What do you call your of people who are father’s parents? related to each other. 8 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___12 / 52

Can you name the members of your family? How many members are there? Does your friend have the same number of members in his/her family? Discuss in class. Different types of families Families are mainly of two types: 1) Nuclear family: This is a small family. Mother, father and child/children living together make a nuclear family. 2) Joint family: This is a big family. Mother, father, children, the grandparents and sometimes, uncles, aunts and cousins all living together make a joint family. Nuclear family Joint Family Do you know why there are different types of families? In olden days, all family members used to live together. Some of the family members moved away from the family to study or work. So, families became smaller. When all members do not live in the same house, there are a few times when the entire family gets together. Families get together for special days such as weddings, birthdays and festivals. Different families celebrate different festivals. Diwali, Holi, Eid and Christmas are some of the important festivals celebrated in India. When do all the members of your family meet? My Family, Neighbours and Friends 9 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___13 / 52

Be Amazed A Meet the world’s largest family! Ziona Chana has 39 wives, 94 children and 33 grandchildren. My family tree If we draw charts of our families, what will they look like? Let us find out. Look at the family chart of Dipti. A detailed chart of her family looks like a tree. A drawing or chart that shows how the different members of a family are related to one another is called a family tree. Our family tree consists of us, A chart of family members of Dipti our parents and their parents. It also has the parents of our grandparents. They are our great-grandparents. Does your family tree look like Dipti’s family tree? Roles of my family members Every member of the family plays a role. Many go out and work. Others take care of the house. Some members cook, some buy vegetables, some take care of the children of the family and so on. Family members help each other in doing all the work. They take care of one another and the house together. 10 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___14 / 52

Family members buying things A family cleaning the house Role of parents • They make food for us. • They work to earn money. • They buy us clothes and toys. Parents looking after their ill children • They take care of us and the elders in the family. Role of siblings • They play with us. Can you name some games that you play with your siblings? • Elder sisters or brothers help us with Playing with siblings homework. • They also take care of us. Role of grandparents • They know many things, and they teach us good manners. • They tell us stories. • They can be great friends too! Grandmother telling a story My Family, Neighbours and Friends 11 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___15 / 52

Your family members do many things for you. What do you do for them? You can help them by doing many small things like: • setting the dining table for dinner, • clearing the dishes, • keeping your toys in place, • packing your bag for the school and so on. What do we learn from our family? Family teaches us good habits and values like respecting elders. My neighbours and friends Some people are not a part of our family. But they also take care of us and spend time with us. They are our neighbours and friends. We live in our house. There are many Neighbours other houses near our house. The people living there are our neighbours. Children living nearby play together. We have friends both at school and near our house. The need for neighbours and friends Neighbours and friends are like family members. They help us in many ways. Let us see how. 1) We enjoy festivals, birthdays and so on with our family, friends and neighbours. 2) We play and study with our friends. Can you name some games you play with your friends? 12 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___16 / 52

3) N  eighbours take care of our house when we are not there. 4) W  e can also stay at our neighbours’ home if needed, or sometimes when our parents are not home. ? With whom do we enjoy festivals, birthdays and so on? Connect the Dots English Fun Speak two lines each on every member of your family. You may also speak a few lines on any of your favourite family picnic or trip. Maths Fun = mother + father + two brothers = 1 + 1 + 2 = My Family, Neighbours and Friends 13 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___17 / 52

A Note to Parent Help your child to make colourful ‘thank you’ notes. Send them to all the family members thanking them for their help. Also, help him/ her draw a picture of his/her family. Let him/her write the names and a few things each member does for him/her. 14 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___18 / 52

3Lesson Food We Eat I Will Learn About • food we eat daily. • sources of food. • raw and cooked food. • food cooked during festivals. • food of different people. • the need and respect for food. • healthy eating habits. I Think What did you eat for breakfast this morning? Would you like to eat the same food for lunch and dinner as well? Food we eat daily Many of us eat rice, dal, vegetables, roti and so on in our daily meals. We also eat fruits and drink milk. Some of us eat eggs and meat too. Variety of food we eat A plate of food Milk Fresh fruits Egg Meat 15 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___19 / 52

We eat different types of food after every Family eating meals few hours in a day. In the morning, we have breakfast. We have lunch in the afternoon and The food we eat dinner at night. comes from plants and animals. Sources of food We get our food from plants and animals. For example, we get rice, pulses, wheat, fruits, vegetables and so on from plants. Food we get from plants Rice Pulses Wheat Fruits and vegetables We get milk from cows, buffaloes and so on. We get meat and eggs from animals like hen, duck and so on. We also use fish as our food. Food we get from animals Milk products Fish Eggs Meat 16 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___20 / 52

We can eat fruits and many vegetables without cooking. But can we eat all the food from plants and animals directly? Let us find out. Raw and cooked food We eat some fruits and vegetables without cooking them. Food that can be eaten without cooking is called raw food. Vegetables such as carrot, beetroot and most fruits like oranges, apples as well as tomatoes can be eaten raw. Raw food ? Name one food item that can be eaten raw or uncooked. On the other hand, we cannot eat The food which we eat raw grains, pulses and meat. We must uncooked is called raw food. cook them before eating. Food that The food which we eat after is cooked before eating is called cooking is called cooked food. cooked food. Food We Eat 17 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___21 / 52

Rice Wheat Cooked grains flour rice Wheat Roti grains Uncooked Cooked  pulses pulses Raw Cooked meat meat d Be Amaze A In olden times, people did not know how to use fire. So, they did not cook their food. They ate all the food raw. Can you imagine eating a raw fish, chicken or bitter gourd? Food cooked during festivals People make special types of food items for festivals. For example, cake for Christmas, modak for Ganesh festival, sewaiya for Eid and so on. 18 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___22 / 52

Cake Modak Sewaiya Can you list some dishes/food items that are prepared in your family during festivals? Food of different people The food people eat may differ in different families. Some people like to eat rice, idli and dosa. While some other people like to eat roti, dal, vegetables, paratha and so on. Similarly, children and adults eat different food items. Small babies do not have teeth Idli Paratha to chew. So, they mostly have milk as food. As they grow, they start to eat soft food like fruit pulp, juice or khichdi. When they get teeth, they start to eat hard (solid) food items like roti and vegetables. Very old people also eat soft food Baby drinking milk as they may have lost their teeth. They may find it difficult to chew other food. Food We Eat 19 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___23 / 52

We may need to have special food when we are sick. Soft food items like bananas, curd rice, soups, khichdi, milk- Why do babies mostly have milk as food? ?bread and apples are good for health when we are sick. The need and respect for food Why do we need food? It helps us to grow and be strong. It gives us the energy to do work. Imagine that you are hungry, and you have nothing to eat. How difficult it will be! We cannot live without food. So, we should respect food and should not waste it. Healthy eating habits • Wash your hands with soap and water before and after meals. It helps to remove dirt and germs. • Wash raw food items properly before eating. • Keep food covered to keep dust and flies away. They may spoil the food. • Avoid spilling food around while eating. • Take small portions of food that you can eat. Always try to finish all the food on your plate. Washing raw Keeping food in Washing hands food covered vessel before meals 20 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___24 / 52

Connect the Dots English Fun Read and enact the given poem. Tomatoes make your cheeks red, Carrots make you jump ahead. Spinach makes you strong, Peas make you dance along. Maths Fun Look at the given picture. Count and write the total number of food items you see. Total number of food items = A Note to Parent Tell your child the importance of all types of food prepared at home. Encourage him/her to follow healthy eating habits and to eat vegetables, fruits and milk every day. Food We Eat 21 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___25 / 52

4Lesson WMyatHeroufsoer I Will Learn About • uses of water in the family. • need to store water at home. • sources of water at home and surroundings. • properties of water. • the need to avoid wastage of water. • reuse of water. I Think We drink water every day. We also use it for bathing. What are the other uses of water? Uses of water in the family We all need water to live. We use water for drinking and cooking. We also need water for bathing, brushing teeth, washing clothes and vessels, cleaning and growing plants. Cooking Drinking Bathing Brushing Washing Watering water teeth vessels plants 22 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___26 / 52

Can you think of any other uses of water? ? List any two uses Share them with your class. of water. Need to store water at home During rains, there is water everywhere. Rainwater collection in tanks Sometimes, when there is no rain, we do not have enough water for our daily use. But we cannot live without water. So, we should store water for such times. We can store rainwater in tanks. Vessels used to store water at home and school: You want to drink cold water. What do you do? You take out a water bottle kept in the refrigerator, or you can take water from earthen pots. We can also store a small amount of water in buckets and drums. From the pipelines, the water Earthen pots Copper vessel is stored in bigger vessels like surahi, matka or ghada. Many people also store water in copper vessels. Some water from these vessels is poured into bottles or jugs for drinking. Bottles can be made of steel, glass or plastic. Tanks or large containers can be used to store water to be used for a few days. Such tanks are used in houses, schools and other such places. Tanks for storing water Water for My House 23 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___27 / 52

Sources of water at home and surroundings Can you tell where the Water bodies water in our houses comes from? We get water from different Pond Lake Well sources. Rivers, ponds, lakes and wells are some of the sources of water. They are called water bodies. Some other water bodies are seas and oceans. They Sea Ocean are huge. They contain a large amount of water. But, the water they contain is salty. So, we cannot use it. Think! Where do water bodies get water from? Rain is the main source of water. The water we get from rain is called rainwater. The water from different water bodies reaches our house through pipelines. Tap water In some places, people take water directly from the water bodies nearby and store it in different vessels for Rain is the main source later use. of water. Rivers, ponds, lakes and wells are ? Name any two sources of water. also sources of water. dBe Amaze A Did you know that the salt we use at home is made Salt from sea water? 24 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___28 / 52

Properties of water You are thirsty! You want to drink a glass full of clean water. Can you drink water from the pond or swimming pool? No, we cannot drink water that has a colour or smell. Clean water has no colour Clean water has no colour, no taste and no smell. It is so clear that we can see through it. We must drink clean water only. Try this! 1)  Fill a glass with water. 2)  Pour this in a bowl. What do you see? First, the water takes the shape of the glass. When we pour this water in the bowl, the water takes the shape of the bowl. Thus, we can see that water has no shape. It takes the shape of the vessel in which it is poured. The need to avoid wastage of water Water is everywhere. We know how water is useful. Clean water available for use is very less. We can use water only from rivers, ponds, lakes and wells. So, we should save water. We should be careful not to waste it. • We should close taps when not in use. • We can use water in mugs while Wastage of water brushing our teeth. • We should take shorter showers or use water from buckets. Water for My House 25 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___29 / 52

Reuse of water Water that we have used once can be used again. This is called reuse. We can reuse and save water in many ways. • Leftover drinking water can be used to wash hands. • Water used to wash vegetables and vessels can be reused to water plants. • Water used to wash clothes and clean floor can be used to flush the toilet. Connect the Dots English Fun Write two rhyming words for each. 1) rain: 2) well: Maths Fun Count the letters in the words given below. Write them in the second column. Also, write the number names for them. Word Number of letters Number name 1) ocean 2) rainwater 26 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___30 / 52

A Note to Parent If there is a pond, river or lake near your house, take your child to see it. Help him/her understand the source of water in your house and the importance of saving water. Help your child list down different activities done at home in the space given below. Let him/her categorise them into activities that need water and activities that do not need water. Tick () if the activity needs water. Cross () if it does not need water. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Water for My House 27 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___31 / 52

5Lesson My House I Will Learn About • the need for a house. • different rooms in a house. • types of houses around. • keeping our houses clean. • decorating our houses. I Think The place where we live with our families is called our house. Why do we need a house? Let us see. The need for a house How do you feel when you come back home after playing outside in the Sun? How hard it will be if we had to sleep somewhere in the open! We may get wet in the rains and thieves may steal our valuable things. There can be many harmful animals too. So, we need a house to be safe. 28 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___32 / 52

Houses keep us safe from the hot Sun, rain, thieves and animals Different rooms in a house We eat, play and sleep in our houses. We need different places to do different things in the house. There are many rooms in our house. These rooms have different names based on their uses. The houses we live in These rooms can be of different sizes. Let us see have one or many what they are. rooms. The rooms Kitchen: A kitchen is a room for cooking food. have different names Dining room: The family members sit and eat in based on their use. the dining room. Some families use tables and chairs to sit and eat. Some families sit on the floor and eat. ? In which room do we Where do you eat food in your house? cook food? Does your family eat together? Bedroom: We sleep in bedrooms. We also keep our clothes and toys here. Drawing room: We use drawing rooms when guests visit our houses. We mostly keep TVs and sofas in these rooms. Bathroom/Washroom: We use bathrooms to take showers, wash our hands and faces. Some houses have bathrooms and toilets together. Rooms in a house Kitchen Dining room Bedroom My House 29 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___33 / 52

Rooms in a house We have learnt about different Drawing room Bathroom/Washroom types of rooms based on their use. In the same way, there are different types of houses based on the need and the place we live in. Let us learn about a few types of houses. Types of houses around We see different types of houses around us. Some of them are big. Some of them are small. Some houses have small rooms. Some have bigger ones. Some houses have many types of rooms. Some houses have few rooms. Some houses have a balcony, too. Some houses are very strong. They are called pucca houses. They are built with bricks, cement, steel, stones and so on. For example, bungalows. Some houses are not so strong. They are called kutcha houses. They are built with mud, wood, leaves and so on. For example, huts. Pucca houses Kutcha houses Be AmazeWhat kind of house do you live in? A d An igloo is a house made of snow. The roof, walls Igloo and floor of the house are made of snow. It is found in very cold places. 30 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___34 / 52

Keeping our houses clean If your house looked dirty every day, would you like to live in it? We need to keep it clean and tidy. A clean house makes us feel fresh. It also helps us to stay healthy. It keeps illness away. We use things like brooms, mops, brushes, dusters and so on to clean our house. We may also need buckets, water and soap. Do you help your parents in keeping the house clean and tidy? We can help them by: • keeping our books, toys and other things in place • keeping our beds clean ? Name one thing that we use to clean our houses. • putting clothes, socks and shoes in their proper place • keeping the bathroom and the toilet clean • putting the waste in dustbins only Things we need to keep the house clean My House 31 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___35 / 52

Decorating our houses Clean houses are healthy; decorated houses are beautiful! Do you like to decorate your house? When do you decorate it? We can decorate our houses on birthdays and festivals. What are the different things that you use to decorate different rooms in your house? In the box given below, draw any three things you would like to use to decorate your house on your birthday. (Hint: balloons, ribbons, rangoli, flowers, paintings, show-pieces and so on.) Connect the Dots English Fun Fill in the missing letters of the names of rooms. b1) thr om b2) dr om k3) tch n 32 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___36 / 52

Maths Fun ) and a Draw a house using the shapes of a triangle ( rectangle ( ). A Note to Parent When you go out with your child, make him/her observe the houses on the way. Discuss the differences among them. Also, help him/her draw and describe the house he/she lives in. My House My House 33 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___37 / 52

A Inside the Lab Make sure you do these activities only with the help of a teacher or an adult. Activity A1: Fruit Salad Fruit salad is a tasty and healthy snack that you can make in a short time. You will need: soft fruits that are easy to cut or peel (bananas, oranges, grapes, apples and so on), a chopping board, a mixing bowl and a knife. You need to: 1) Peel the bananas. Slice them into pieces on the chopping board. (Cut the fruits with the help of your teacher or parents only.) 2) Wash the apple and cut it into pieces. 3) Wash the grapes and separate them. 4) Add all the fruits into a large bowl. 5) Squeeze the juice of one orange using your hands. 6) Measure one-fourth cup of orange juice. 7) Pour the orange juice into the bowl, mix all the ingredients, eat and enjoy! You can also make fruit salad trees or other shapes. People from different places in the world make different types of salads. Some make it with fruits and some with vegetables. 34 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___38 / 52

Activity A2: Building a House You will need: chart papers, cardboard boxes, coloured/crepe papers, crayons or colour pencils, glue/tape and a pair of scissors. You need to: 1 2 1) Make groups of students, and provide them either chart papers or cardboard boxes to build a model house using the materials provided. 2) For making a house using cardboard 3 4 boxes, following steps can be helpful. 5 Step 1: Take a cardboard box. Step 2: Draw the outlines for doors and windows on it. Step 3: Cut the doors and windows, and stick craft paper as you need. Step 4: Make roof for your house by cutting small pieces of cardboard as shown in Step 4. Step 5: You can make different types of houses as shown in Step 5. 4) For building a house using chart papers: Step 1: Draw an outline of a house 1 2 on a chart paper. Draw 3 4 borders parallel to the outline. Cut the paper along the drawn border. Step 2: Fold the paper on the outlines. Step 3: Cut the window panes 5 drawn on the paper as shown in Step 3. Step 4: Stick the borders as shown in Step 4. Step 5: Paint it or use craft papers to decorate this house. You can even put lights in it. Inside the Lab – A 35 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___39 / 52

6Lesson Clothes We Wear I Will Learn About • the need and importance of clothes. • types of clothes we wear. • clothes suitable for hot, cold and rainy days. • taking care of our clothes. I Think What do you wear to school? What do you wear for festivals? Do you wear the same clothes? Why not? The need and importance of clothes Clothes keep us covered. They keep our Have you ever wondered why we need body safe from heat, clothes? cold, rain and dust. We wear clothes to cover and keep our body safe. Clothes keep our body safe from heat, cold, rain and dust. Also, they help us look good. 36 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___40 / 52

Types of clothes we wear Look at the given pictures. Can you tell the names of the clothes? Tick the clothes that you wear. Look at the pictures below. Tick the clothes that you see your family members wear. Can you tell the names of some clothes worn by your father and mother at home? You must have seen that girls and boys wear different clothes. Why do we need different types of clothes? Can you go to school wearing your night dress? Or can you sleep comfortably in your school dress? No. We must come to school wearing a neat and clean school uniform. While sleeping, we need soft and loose night dress to sleep better. ? What type of dress do we wear when we go to school? Clothes We Wear 37 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___41 / 52

For festivals and parties, we wear special festive clothes. Different types of clothes School uniform Night dress Clothes for festivals and parties Special clothes: Do you know anyone who wears special clothes to work? Police officers, doctors and lawyers are a few examples. Can you think of other types of clothes that Lawyer people wear to work? Discuss with the class. Police Doctor Clothes suitable for hot, cold and rainy days We learnt that we wear different kinds of clothes according to the occasion or the kind of work we do. What do we wear to save us Raincoats Gum boot Umbrella from getting wet in the rain? We wear raincoats and gum boots. We also use umbrellas. What do we wear when it is cold? We wear thick woollen clothes like sweaters, scarves, gloves and caps to keep ourselves warm. ? When do we use raincoats? Children wearing woollen clothes 38 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___42 / 52

We wear thin, cotton clothes like frocks, shorts and Children wearing t-shirts when it is hot. cotton clothes They keep us cool. We wear hats or caps to protect ourselves from the Sun. Be Amaze A d In olden times, people did not know how to make clothes. They used leaves of trees and animal skins to cover their body. Taking care of our clothes We should take care of our clothes. We should keep them clean. To remain healthy, we should change our clothes once dirty. Clothes we wear daily must be washed or dry-cleaned. Dry-cleaning is cleaning our clothes without water. Drying washed clothes in the Sun helps to kill Washing, drying in the germs. Ironing clothes keeps them neat and Sun and ironing keep wrinkle-free. our clothes neat and tidy. ? What is dry-cleaning? Washing clothes Drying clothes in the Sun Ironing clothes Clothes We Wear 39 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___43 / 52

Connect the Dots English Fun Give plural. 1) Frock: Maths Fun A man has 9 shirts and 5 pants. How many clothes does he have in all? The total number of clothes = 9 + 5 = A Note to Parent Discuss with your child how to take care of clothes. Involve him/her in drying and folding clothes. After folding, help him/her put his/her clothes neatly in the cupboard. Also, help him/her make a list of different kinds of clothes worn by male and female members of the family. Clothes worn by male family Clothes worn by female family members members 40 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___44 / 52

7Lesson Air Around Us I Will Learn About • the presence of air around us. • features of air. • uses of air. • unclean air and its effects. • planting trees to get clean air. I Think When we switch on a fan, we can feel something moving around us. Do you know what it is? Can you also see it? The presence of air around us The thing that moves around us when we switch on a fan is air. When we fly a kite, why does it move? Why does a pinwheel spin? The kite flies and the pinwheel spins due to the moving air. The air around us moves and helps things to move. Such moving air is called wind. A girl flying a kite A spinning pinwheel 41 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___45 / 52

A slow wind is called a breeze. All of us enjoy a cool breeze. When the wind is strong and blows very fast, What is wind? ?we call it a storm. Storms can harm people, animals, trees and houses. Features of air Air is all around us. Air has no colour, so we cannot see it. We can only feel it. Clean air has no smell. Air with unpleasant smells The air around from food, smoke or garbage is not clean air. us has no smell, no shape and no Air has no shape of its own. It takes the shape of colour. the space it fills up. Try this! 1) Blow air into a balloon. What do you see? 2) The balloon gets bigger in size. Why? The air which goes inside takes up the Air takes up space available space. So the balloon becomes bigger. Uses of air 1) We need air to breathe. Without air, we cannot live. Take a deep breath. You can feel the air going inside your nose. Breathe out. Place a finger below your nostrils. Can you feel warm air coming out? We need air to breathe 42 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___46 / 52

2) We also need air for burning things. For example, when a burning candle is covered with a glass, it goes out after some time. This happens because there is no air left inside the glass to keep the candle burning. 3) Air gives shape to things. Candle goes out when covered with a glass Things like tyres, balloons and footballs get their shape only after being filled with air. Tyre, balloon and football filled with air 4) Moving air helps clothes to dry faster. 5) Moving air helps boats to sail. Can you think of other uses of air? ? What gives shape Clothes hung out to dry Sailing boat to a football? Be Amaze A d Air is lighter than water. The things filled with air float on water. That is why swimming tubes help us float on water. Swimming tubes help us to float Air Around Us 43 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___47 / 52

Unclean air and its effects Sometimes, the air gets mixed with smoke and dust. Where do smoke and dust come from? We burn different things at home or in the neighbourhood. Burning things give out smoke. Moving cars, buses, bikes and trucks also give out smoke. Have you seen dust from the ground gets blown up when we sweep the ground or ride a bicycle? Moving cars and wind also blow up dust. Air mixed with smoke and dust is unclean. Unclean air is unhealthy and can harm our body. It makes us feel tired and sick. It may also make it difficult to breathe. So, if the air is dirty, we should wear masks. Masks allow only clean air to enter our nose. They block the dust. Unclean air may also affect plants, birds Child wearing mask and animals by making them unhealthy. Planting trees to get clean air We have learnt that unclean air is harmful to us. So, we need clean air to breathe. What can we do to keep the air around us clean and healthy? Planting trees is the most important way to keep the air clean. Plants help to keep the air clean and healthy. We feel fresh when we are in a field, garden or a forest full of plants. It is, therefore, important to plant trees. Planting trees 44 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___48 / 52

Connect the Dots English Fun Fill in the blanks to complete the words: w1) nd br2) ez 3) sto m 4) bre t e Maths Fun Have you seen a spinning pinwheel? What shape does it make while spinning? It looks like a circle! A Note to Parent Make your child understand the importance of clean air. Help him/her understand the difference between clean and unclean air. Help him/her identify and make a list of activities happening at home and neighbourhood that make the air unclean. Air Around Us 45 NR_BGM_9789388700511-TRAVELLER-G01-EVS-TEXTBOOK-PART1_REVISED.pdf___49 / 52

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