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A PRODUCT OF CLASSKLAP SOCIAL STUDIES 2 WORKBOOK - PART ALPINE SERIES Latest Edition 5 Name: __________________________________ Section: ______________ Roll No.: ________ School: ________________________________ 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 1 2/3/2018 4:08:52 PM

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX presents the latest version of the Alpine series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. Designed specifically for state board schools, the Alpine series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the State Curriculum Framework and National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005. Therefore, our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The NCF 2005 advocates the creation of age-appropriate and easily relatable content that ensures that students can perceive social realities while imbibing the values of the Indian constitution and human rights. The NCF also recommends the use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. These objectives are integrated in the Alpine Social Studies textbooks and workbooks to provide a holistic learning experience to students. The key features of the Alpine Social Studies books are as follows:  A rrangement of concepts based on the RUAH model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  Character- and dialogue-based introductions to concepts to ground Social Studies concepts in reality to make them relatable to students  V isually engaging formats for the organisation and presentation of information  In-text activities to assist memorisation and understanding  Subject-related vocabulary building in every lesson  U se of timelines and historical maps to help students to develop timeline, map and globe skills  U se of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks  Integration of values and life skills  Promotes awareness and personal responsibility through dialogue and enquiry about the world around us Overall, the IMAX Alpine series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 2 2/3/2018 4:08:52 PM

Workbook Features Remembering Recollecting critical information related to the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ of the concept Understanding Engaging with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the concept Application Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life scenarios Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 3 2/3/2018 4:08:52 PM

Contents 5Class 4 Some Famous Kingdoms of India 4.1 Some Powerful Dynasties of India�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 4.2 The Mughal Empire�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 5 Our Government 5.1 India’s Democratic Government��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 6 Local Administration 6.1 Local Administration��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13 7 People with Physical Disabilities 7.1 People with Physical Disabilities�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 4 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Lesson Some Famous 4 Kingdoms of India Concept 4.1: Some Powerful Dynasties of India Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is one of the earliest types of societies on Earth? [     ] (A) democratic (B) dynasties (C) kingdoms (D) communist 2) Which of the following dynasties ruled over most of the Indian Peninsula? [     ] (A) Maurya (B) Chola (C) Gupta (D) Sena Fill in the Blanks 3) A ______________ is formed when a series of rulers belong to the same family. 4) Kingdoms had the power to create and ______________ laws. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What is a person who has inherited the right to rule called? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) How did the early kingdoms develop? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) What is an empire? Give an example. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 5 1 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Understanding Circle the Odd One Out 8) Gupta dynasty Chola dynasty Maurya dynasty Bhalla dynasty Kalinga Ashoka Pillar 9) 300 BC - 158 BC Ashoka 300 BC – AD 1279 Rajendra Chola Kallanai dam AD 320 – AD 550 10) Longest ruling Kalidasa 11) Samudra Gupta Aryabhata Short Answer Questions 12) For how many years, did the Maurya dynasty and the Chola dynasty simultaneously rule in India? Show it in a timeline. Ans. 13) Why did the Mauryan empire extend only up to Kalinga? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) The time period of which dynasty is called the Golden Age of India? Give three reasons why. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 6 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Application [    ] Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which dynasty does the monument in the picture belong to? (A) Cholas and Guptas (B) Mauryas (C) Pallavas (D) Mughals 16) This structure was made under the rule of Ashoka. What is the significance of the structure in today’s times? [    ] (A) National Emblem of India (B) National Monument of India (C) National Pillar of India (D) National Tower of India Short Answer Questions 17) In the past, people moved from one kingdom to another. Can you think of a few reasons for doing so? Write any two. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) If you were to pick among the Gupta dynasty, Chola dynasty and Maurya dynasty, which dynasty would you choose to rule India? Why? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Some Famous Kingdoms of India 3 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 7 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Long Answer Question 19) If you were a ruler in ancient India, how would you ensure that the people in your kingdom were safe and prosperous while you ruled and remembered for a long time? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Every kingdom in India has left behind something by which the future generations remember it. Find out three such places that are not mentioned in the book. Paste the pictures of those places and complete the table with the information about the place or monument and the ruler who built it. Ans. Name of place Ruler Picture History of the place/ monument 4 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 8

Concept 4.2: The Mughal Empire Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which Mughal emperor built the Jama Masjid?  [     ] (A) Shahjahan (B) Aurangzeb (C) Jahangir (D) Humayun 2) In which period did the Mughal empire rule over India?  [    ] (A) mid-16th century to the 17th century (B) 16th century to the mid-18th century (C) 15th century to the mid-18th century (D) 17th century to the 19th century Fill in the Blanks 3) The Mughal empire was founded by ___________________. 4) _______________ lost the control of the empire to the Afghan rebels. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Which ruler brought the Mughal rule to its greatest size? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Who is considered the most successful among the Mughal emperors? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Where did Babur come from? How did he create the Mughal empire? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____U_n__d_e_r_s_t_a_n__d_i_n_g__________________________________________________________ Write True or False [    ] 8) Akbar became the Emperor in 1605. Some Famous Kingdoms of India 5 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 9 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

9) Aurangzeb imprisoned Shahjahan to become the ruler. [    ] 10) Aurangzeb maintained a grand court.  [    ] 11) Akbar was a great patron of music and arts.  [    ] Short Answer Questions 12) How did Akbar and Aurangzeb differ in their interests and lifestyle? Ans. Akbar Aurangzeb 13) What were the similarities between the most famous rulers of the Mughal empire? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) If you were a ruler of a large empire with people of different religions, what strategies would you use to keep peace within the empire? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions [    ] 15) What feature is NOT used to compare empires? 6 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 10 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

(A)  size of the empire (B)  popularity of the ruler (C)  size of the ruler’s family (D)  religious policies of the ruler 16) Which of these rulers did NOT extend their empire through war? [    ] (A) Babur (B) Ashoka (C) Humayun   (D) Aurangzeb Short Answer Questions 17) Name the two structures in the pictures and the empires they were built in. Based on the images, what is your understanding of the religious beliefs of their rulers? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 18) Shambhu is a Hindu painter. Under which Mughal emperor would he have lived a comfortable life? Give reasons to justify your answer. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) The British Empire was the largest empire in history. The phrase “The empire on which the sun never sets” was often used to describe the British Empire. The empire extended over a vast area on six continents of the world. The first British Empire was established as early as 1583. The British used to trade slaves from Africa. They also set up missionaries to spread Christianity. Today, all the countries that were British colonies are known as ‘Commonwealth countries’. The Empire tried to spread European art and showed no interest in the art of the colonies they ruled over. But, later the artists from Europe as well as those from the colonies influenced each other’s work. Finally, in 1997, the Empire came to an end. Based on the information in the passage, compare the British and the Mughal Empires. Some Famous Kingdoms of India 7 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 11 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Ans. Feature British Empire Mughal Empire Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Did you know that many dynasties are still flourishing all over the world? Find out more about two dynasties that are not in power anymore, but still exist. Write about them here. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 8 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 12

Lesson 5 Our Government Concept 5 .1: India’s Democratic Government Remembering Multiple Choice Questions [     ] 1) Earlier, India was ruled by [     ] (A) kings and queens. (B) military leaders. (C) dictators. (D) elected representatives. 2) In a democracy, the right to vote is given to (A) only men. (B) only women. (C) people below the age of 25. (D) people above the age of 18. Fill in the Blanks 3) In a democracy, ____________ happen at regular intervals. 4) In a ______________, the people are the most powerful group. Very Short Answer Questions 5) When did India get independence from the British rule? Ans. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Where can people complain against the wrong doers in a democracy? Ans. _________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘democracy’. Ans. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 13 9 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Understanding Write True or False 8) In India, we choose our representatives through elections. [    ] 9) In India, elections are held after every three years. [    ] 10) Voters need to tell everyone who they voted for. [    ] 11) The urban local government is responsible for the welfare of people living in [   ] villages. Short Answer Questions 12) With the help of an example, explain how the central, state and local governments work together for the welfare of the people. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) How does the government manage different departments such as agriculture, education and so on? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Explain the election process in India. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 14

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Ria, Ali and John belong to the POS party. Ria and Ali won the 2014 general [     ] election, but John lost. Which of these statements is true?  (A) All the three will become members of the Lok Sabha. (B) None of the three will become members of the Lok Sabha. (C) Only Ria and Ali will become members of the Lok Sabha. (D) John will become a member of the Executive. 16) Today is Mary’s 15th birthday. How long will she have to wait before she can vote?[    ] (A) 6 years (B) 5 years (C) 4 years (D) 3 years Short Answer Questions 17) Are the roles of the Judiciary and the Executive related to each other? How? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Suppose elections in an Indian state were held in 2016. When will the next elections be held? Why? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) In the recent national elections, Hasan was elected by the people of Mehsana, Gujarat. Gurmeet got elected to be a part of a house in which the Vice-President of India is an important member. Based on this information, answer the following questions: a)  Which houses of the Parliament were they elected to? b)  What are the other names for these houses? Our Government 11 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 15 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

c)  How did Gurmeet get elected? d)  Who is an important member in the house that Hasan got elected to? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 20) Look at this picture. A person is seen applying an ink mark on the index finger of another person. Ink is applied on the index fingers of all the people who vote during an election. Why do you think the ink mark is applied on a voter’s finger? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 12 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 16

Lesson 6 Local Administration Concept 6.1: Local Administration Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is the full form of ST?  [    ] (A) Scheduled Caste (B) Scheduled Tribe (C) Service Trains (D) Service Trainee 2) Which Panchayat is seen at the district level? [    ] (A) Gram Panchayat (B) Tawn Panchayat (C) Zilla Panchayat (D) Taluka Panchayat Fill in the Blanks 3) Gram Panchayats work at the ___________level. 4) The____________________ Act has been established to know the developmental activities necessary in an area. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Which body governs the developmental activities in urban and rural areas? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) With whose help, do the Panchayats implement developmental programmes? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) What is being done for the empowerment of women in Panchayats? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 17 13 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding True or False 8) People who reside within the Panchayat limits and aged 15 years and above elect Panchayat members. [      ] 9) Zilla Panchayat consists of elected members from every taluka of the district. [      ] 10) The chief officer administering the municipality is called the Commissioner. [      ] 11) Rural areas are divided into wards and divisions. [      ] Short Answer Questions 12) How are the local bodies distributed in the urban administration? What are its members called? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) How does the Zilla Panchayat provide reservation? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Find out one similarity and one difference between the formation of City Corporations and Town Panchayats. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 14 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 18

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) The CEO (Chief Executive Officer) of Zilla Panchayat has to be appointed for a district. Identify the governing body that would appoint him. [    ] (A) Gram Panchayat (B) Taluk Panchayat (C) Gram Panchayat (D) Central Government 16) Which of the following is NOT a source of income for Zilla Panchayat? [    ] (A) property tax (B) grants from the government (C) rent (D) fees Short Answer Questions 17) How does a Zilla Panchayat work? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Rashi has come to spend vacations at her grandparents’ home in a village. She notices that the roads are not in a good condition. Proper sanitation is not present , and the electric fittings are also faulty. Which local body should she approach for these problems? Identify its position in the Panchayati Raj system. What is its major function? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Local Administration 15 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 19 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Long Answer Question 19) Some government bodies undertake the developmental works like health, sanitation and so on. It also has a separate body for city planning and development. Identify these government bodies. How do these bodies generate income to do these works? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) The Gram Sabha in Morad’s village is planning to build toilets for the residents. Morad conducts a survey going home to home and finds out which houses have toilets and which do not. He then submits the report to the Gram Sabha. Morad feels happy that he has helped the local self-government in carrying out developmental work for his village. Mention some ways in which you can assist the local self–government in carrying developmental work in your place. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 16 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 20

Lesson People with 7 Physical Disabilities Concept 7.1: People with Physical Disabilities Remembering [   ] [   ] Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following statements about people with disabilities is true? (A) They are weak and don’t have any strength. (B) They don’t like to laugh or have fun. (C) They are normal people like us. (D) They cannot play any sports. 2) Identify the scientist who suffers from paralysis and cannot talk or move well. (A) (B) (C) (D) Fill in the Blanks 3) A physical disability limits the way the _________works. 4) People with ______________ can do all the things, but they take longer time”. 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 21 17 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

Very Short Answer Questions 5) Who is the first international blind student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Give one example of special equipment used by people with disabilities. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘disability’. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) We should always respect the people with disabilities. [    ] 9) People who cannot talk communicate through sign language. [    ] 10) People with physical disabilities do not face challenges. [    ] 11) All physically disabled people have difficulty in walking. [    ] Short Answer Questions 12) What can you say about the challenges faced by a person who can’t talk? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Why do people with disabilities face emotional challenges? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 22

Long Answer Question 14) Explain the various challenges faced by a person who can’t see? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which according to you is most important while dealing with a physically disabled person? [   ] (A) being rude to them (B) respecting them and being kind (C) making fun of them in public (D) calling them names 16) Which of the following can be a way to help a person who cannot see? [    ] (A) using sign language in front of him or her (B) holding his or her hand and helping him or her cross the road (C) making him or her sit in a wheelchair (D) not helping or offering help at all Short Answer Questions 17) Rashi sees a girl sitting in a wheelchair in her school library. The girl is not able to get a book from a shelf high up easily. Rashi is not sure how to react. What should she do – go away or do something else? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ People with Physical Disabilities 19 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 23 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM

18) Should people with disabilities be treated with sympathy or treated similarly to people without disabilities? Comment on the statement and justify your choice. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) How can you bond with people having physical disabilities and make friends with them? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Do you think physical disability is a barrier in achieving someone’s dreams and passion? Why? Discuss with your friends. Support your answer with suitable examples. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 20 2/3/2018 4:08:53 PM 181010054-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part2.pdf 24

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