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Published by IMAX, 2020-04-08 03:46:04

Description: Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1


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A PRODUCT OF CLASSKLAP SOCIAL STUDIES 1 WORKBOOK - PART ALPINE SERIES Latest Edition 5 Name: __________________________________ Section: ______________ Roll No.: ________ School: ________________________________ 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 1 2/3/2018 4:05:15 PM

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX presents the latest version of the Alpine series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. Designed specifically for state board schools, the Alpine series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the State Curriculum Framework and National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005. Therefore, our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The NCF 2005 advocates the creation of age-appropriate and easily relatable content that ensures that students can perceive social realities while imbibing the values of the Indian constitution and human rights. The NCF also recommends the use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. These objectives are integrated in the Alpine Social Studies textbooks and workbooks to provide a holistic learning experience to students. The key features of the Alpine Social Studies books are as follows:  A rrangement of concepts based on the RUAH model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  Character- and dialogue-based introductions to concepts to ground Social Studies concepts in reality to make them relatable to students  V isually engaging formats for the organisation and presentation of information  In-text activities to assist memorisation and understanding  Subject-related vocabulary building in every lesson  U se of timelines and historical maps to help students to develop timeline, map and globe skills  U se of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks  Integration of values and life skills  Promotes awareness and personal responsibility through dialogue and enquiry about the world around us Overall, the IMAX Alpine series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 2 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Workbook Features Remembering Recollecting critical information related to the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ of the concept Understanding Engaging with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the concept Application Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life scenarios Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 3 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Contents 5Class 1 Representing the Earth 1.1 Maps and Globes���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 1.2 Latitudes and Longitudes���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 2 All Kinds of Regions Make up the World 2.1 The Climatic Zones of the Earth���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 3 The Story of the Past 3.1 Early Human Beings���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16 3.2 Ancient Civilizations���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 20 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 4 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Lesson 1 Representing the Earth Concept 1.1: Maps and Globes Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is a map of landforms and water bodies called? [    ] (A) political map (B) physical map (C) sketch map (D) thematic map 2) What kind of an object is a globe? [    ] (A) no-dimensional object (B) one-dimensional object (C) two-dimensional object (D) three-dimensional object Fill in the Blanks 3) The shape of a globe is similar to that of the _________________. 4) A map is usually a _______________________________ view of a place. Answer in One Word 5) From which Latin word is the word ‘globe’ derived? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) At what angle is the axis of a globe titled? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘map’. Name any one type of map. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 5 1 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) A map is easy / difficult to carry. 9) A map / globe can be used to study the rotation and revolution of the Earth. 10) The globe is divided into the eastern and western hemispheres by the Equator / Prime Meridian. 11) The globe is divided into the northern and southern hemispheres by the Equator / Prime Meridian. Short Answer Questions 12) Write a note on the North and the South Poles. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) What is the Prime Meridian? Mark it on the diagram of the globe. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 6

Long Answer Question 14) Write any four differences between maps and globes. Ans. Map Globe Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Identify the following image.[    ] (A) globe (B) map (C) Prime Meridian (D) hemisphere Representing the Earth 3 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 7 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

16) What kind of a map is shown in this image? [     ] (A) sketch map (B) map plan (C) physical map (D) climate map Short Answer Questions 17) Imagine that the Earth is flat. Which representation of the Earth would not be used, in that case? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Should travellers to a new place use a map or a globe? Give one reason for your answer. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 8

Long Answer Question 19) Using the globe given answer the following questions: a) Mark the North Pole on the globe. b) Draw a compass to indicate directions. Ans. c) Name a country between the Tropic of Capricorn and the South Pole. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ d) Name a country through which the Equator passes. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Representing the Earth 5 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 9 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Look at the road map given as an example. Make your own road maps as instructed below: Super Shop LEGEND General Store my school my house landmark road to take a) Make a road map of the route from your home to your school. Ans. 6 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 10

b) Make a road map of the route between your home and the market. Ans. Concept 1.2: Latitudes and Longitudes Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What are latitudes also known as? [     ] [     ] (A) semicircles (B) longitudes (C) parallels (D) circles 2) In what unit are latitudes and longitudes measured? (A) centimetres (B) metres (C) kilograms (D) degrees Representing the Earth 7 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 11 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Fill in the Blanks 3) The ________________________________ (longitudes) does not pass through any country. 4) The Prime Meridian passes through _________________ in the United Kingdom. Answer in One Word 5) What is the other name for the ‘Tropic of Cancer’? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) What are longitudes also called? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define Equator. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Write True or False 8) Latitudes run from east to west. [    ] 9) Longitudes run from west to east. [    ] 10) Longitudes are parallel lines. [    ] 11) Longitudes meet at the poles. [   ] Short Answer Questions 12) Name the latitudes between which the Sun appears directly overhead? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 12

13) What is an interesting effect of the tilt of the Earth and its revolution? Which part of the Earth receives the least sunlight? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Differentiate between latitudes and longitudes. Draw diagrams to show the difference(s). Ans. Longitudes Latitudes Representing the Earth 9 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 13 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) What do we calculate using longitudes? [      ] (A) weight (B) time (C) distance (D) direction 16) This latitude circles the North Pole and it passes through 66.5°N. Which latitude [      ] are we referring to? (A) Tropic of Capricorn (B) Antarctic Circle (C) Arctic Circle (D) Prime Meridian Short Answer Questions 17) Nisha wants to talk to her cousin living in Austria. Does she need to check the time before she calls? If yes, why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Why does difference in time occur? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Why is the International Date line curved at many places while the 180° meridian is always straight? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 10 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 14 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Write the names of ten places that you would like to visit. Find out the exact latitude and longitude of these places using the Internet. Also, find out the difference in time between these places. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Representing the Earth 11 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 15 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Lesson All Kinds of Regions 2 Make up the World Concept 2.1:The Climatic Zones of the Earth Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is the weather of a location recorded over a long period of time known as? [     ] (A) temperature (B) season (C) climate (D) hemisphere 2) When is the winter season in India? [     ] (A) December to March (B) December to February (C) March to May (D) June to August Fill in the Blanks 3) When the southern hemisphere experiences winter, the northern hemisphere experiences ____________________. 4) The cyclical changes in weather are called ____________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name one factor that affects climate. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) How many seasons do we experience in India? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘weather’? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 12 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 16

Understanding Circle the Odd One Out 8) Places closer to the sea are cooler than other places because they experience land / sea breeze. 9) The North Frigid Zone extends from the Arctic Circle (66.5° N) to the Antarctic Circle / North Pole. 10) The higher we go, the warmer / cooler we feel. 11) If a place is closer to the Equator / Poles, the rays of sunlight fall directly over it. Short Answer Questions 12) What does ‘torrid’ mean? Why is it hot in the Torrid Zone. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Look at the world map given below. Mark the three climatic zones of the Earth. Ans. All Kinds of Regions Make up the World 13 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 17 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Long Answer Question 14) Write a note about the Temperate Zone. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Why does Svalbard experience 24 hours of sunlight between April and August ?[    ] (A) it lies close to the North Pole (B) it is surrounded by water (C) its name starts with the letter ‘S‘ (D) it is mostly covered with ice 16) Jakarta always experiences hot and humid climate. Which climatic zone [     ] does it lie in? (A) North Temperate Zone (B) Torrid Zone (C) South Frigid Zone (D) South Temperate Zone Short Answer Questions 17) New Zealand (marked on the map) is a beautiful country. If you visit it during your summer vacation, will it be summer or winter in New Zealand? 14 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 18

Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Kudal is a coastal village in Maharashtra. Bori is a village located in the interiors of Maharashtra. Which village will be cooler? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) U dhagamandalam, popularly called Ooty, is a place in Tamil Nadu. Even during the summer season, it is cool over here. However, Chennai is located at sea level and is hot. Why is the climate so varied? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Which climatic zone would you like to live in? Why? Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ All Kinds of Regions Make up the World 15 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 19 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Lesson 3 The Story of the Past Concept 3.1: Early Human Beings Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) What did early human beings make using bones of animals? [     ] (D) weapons (A) food (B) clothes (C) scrapers [     ] 2) Where did early human beings live? (D) on the roads (A) in caves (B) in rivers (C) in buildings Fill in the Blanks 3) Early human beings did not cook their food. They ate it __________. 4) _______________ were sharp stones that were used to clean the skin of animals. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What did early human beings make with the skins of the animals they killed? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 6) What did the early human beings who lived near rivers eat? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Short Answer Question 7) What is a tool? Give an example. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 16 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 20

Understanding Circle the Odd One Out 8) berries fruits eggs stones ​9) bones pencil meat skin 10) weave hunt collect dig 11) tools handles weapons clothes Short Answer Questions 12) How did early human beings start cooking their food? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13) How did early human beings learn to make fire? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Long Answer Question 14) How did early humans start to change and look different? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ The Story of the Past 17 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 21 2/3/2018 4:05:16 PM

Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) What do you think these early humans are doing? [     ] [    ] (A) farming (B) hunting animals (C) making homes (D) making tools 16) The picture shows a very useful and important invention. What is it? (A) carriage (B) wheel (C) bullock cart (D) roads Short Answer Questions 17) Why did early human beings start living in one place? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 18) Do we use any things that early humans used? Give one example. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Long Answer Question 19) How did early human beings get the idea of making wheels? How did it help them? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 18 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 22

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Observe your surroundings and complete the table. Draw or paste images of each. Early humans did not have these: Early humans also used these: _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 23 The Story of the Past 19 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM

Concept 3.2: Ancient Civilizations Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) How many years ago did civilizations begin to appear? [     ] (A) 10,000 (B) 11,000 (C) 12,000 (D) 13,000 2) Where were ancient civilizations found? [     ] (A) near trees (B) near rivers (C) near caves (D) near roads Fill in the Blanks 3) The Mesopotamian civilization was built near the river _______________. 4) The people who usually made rules were called ___________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Give an example of a metal used by the people of ancient civilizations. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 6) The Chinese civilization grew near which river? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Short Answer Question 7) What is a civilization? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) People of the ancient civilizations built homes near rivers / oceans for water. ​9) The cow / crow was domesticated by the people of ancient civilizations. 20 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 24

10) A small / large group of strong houses made up a village. 11) Cities that were close to / far away from each other traded with each other. Short Answer Questions 12) In ancient civilizations, why did families live close together? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13) How did villages and cities form in ancient civilizations? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Long Answer Question 14) Describe how animals became useful to the people in ancient civilizations. Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which climate is the best for living in and growing crops? [     ] (A) (B) The Story of the Past 21 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 25 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM

(C) (D) 16) This picture shows an object from an Indus Valley city. What does it show about this civilization? [    ] (A) There were domestic animals. (B) Priests were important people. (C) People wore clothes with patterns. (D) Stone tools were used for farming. Short Answer Questions 17) The people of the Indus Valley Civilization prepared the best spices. They needed metal. The people of the Mesopotamian Civilization had metals to make different tools. They needed spices. How could they get what they needed? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 18) Which civilizations were built near the rivers named on the map? Why were they built there? 22 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 26

Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Long Answer Question 19) Look at the picture. What are the people doing? Which animals do you see? How did these animals help? Ans. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ The Story of the Past 23 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 27 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) We can imagine lives of people in ancient civilizations by looking at statues from the past. Archaeologists found a statue in a city of the Indus Valley Civilization. What does it tell us about these people? One has been done for you. I have a beard. I wear jewellery. Look at my armlet, headband and the pattern on my clothes! A sculpture was made of me. Look at the man from the Mesopotamian civilization. What can you say about him? Fill in the blanks. I have a _________ and ________ hair. I wear jewellery. Look at my ______________ and ____________. I carry a sword and I use a _________and _________. I am a _________, and I fight bravely in wars. 24 2/3/2018 4:05:17 PM 181010050-Alpine-G5-Workbook-Social-Part1.pdf 28

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