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Home Explore 85241_MG - 56_222310368-MAGNOLIA-STUDENT-WORKBOOK-EVS_II(SST)-G04-PART2 (NXPowerLite Copy)

85241_MG - 56_222310368-MAGNOLIA-STUDENT-WORKBOOK-EVS_II(SST)-G04-PART2 (NXPowerLite Copy)

Published by IMAX, 2022-05-05 11:57:01

Description: 85241_MG - 56_222310368-MAGNOLIA-STUDENT-WORKBOOK-EVS_II(SST)-G04-PART2 (NXPowerLite Copy)


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EVS – II (SOCIAL STUDIES) WORKBOOK – PART 2 4 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________

Preface ClassKlap partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. ClassKlap presents the latest version of this series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. The Magnolia series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. Furthermore, to facilitate comprehensive coverage, improved understanding of diverse themes and ease of implementation, the EVS curriculum has been split into EVS – I (Science) and EVS – II (Social Studies). Our books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. They also strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. Our books also contain age-appropriate and easily relatable content that ensures that students can perceive social realities while imbibing the values of the Indian Constitution and human rights. There is also use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. These objectives are integrated in the EVS – II (Social Studies) textbooks and workbooks to provide a holistic learning experience to students. The key features of the EVS – II (Social Studies) books are as follows.  Arrangement of concepts based on the RUAH model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  Character and dialogue-based introductions to concepts to make EVS – II (Social Studies) concepts more relatable to students  V isually engaging formats for the organisation and presentation of information  In-text activities to assist memorisation and understanding  S ubject-related vocabulary building in every lesson  U se of timelines and historical maps to help students to develop timeline, map and globe skills  U se of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks  Integration of values and life skills  P romotes awareness and personal responsibility through dialogue and enquiry about the world around us Overall, this series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors

Workbook Features Remembering Understanding Recollecting critical information related Engaging with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the to the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ concept of the concept Application Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life scenarios Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills Map Practice Developing spatial thinking abilities and sharpening map work skills for improved application and analysis of the concepts learned

Contents 4Class 6 Natural Resources: Forests������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 7 Natural Resources: Soil������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 8 Indian History and Culture����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 9 The Indian Constitution����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 1 0 Public Facilities������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 22 Map Practice��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28

Lesson 6 Natural Resources: Forests Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is made from wood? [    ] (A)  (B)  glue eraser (D)  (C)  school bag paper 2) Which of the following is not a natural resource? [    ] (A)  (B)  air plastic (D)  (C)  water sunlight 1

Fill in the Blanks 3) ________________________ forests are found in cold regions. 4) The ________________________ is constantly made fresh by the forests. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name two things we get from forests that can be used as medicine. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name the type of forest found in hot and dry regions. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘forest’. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Circle the Correct Word 8) Reforestation / Afforestation is to plant trees in an area where there was no forest earlier. 9) Rosewood / Teak tree does not shed its leaves completely. 10) Trees such as bamboo and teak have broad leaves to catch snow / sunlight. 11) Eucalyptus trees are called evergreen because they never / always shed all their leaves. Short Answer Questions 12) How do the roots of trees growing in tidal forests get air? Give an example of a tidal forest. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2 20-21_ML_SST_G4_WB_L6_Part 2.indd 2 27/12/2021 1:19:18 PM

13) Why do plants in scrub forests have long roots? Where are they found in India? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Label the given pyramid. Can you explain in your own words what this pyramid shows? 1 23 Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions [     ] 15) Which of the following pictures shows deforestation? Natural Resources: Forests 3

(A) (B) (C) (D) 16) What activity is taking place in the given picture? [    ] (A) harvesting (B) fishing (C) mining (D) farming Short Answer Questions 17) Meher and Morad were walking through a scrub forest. Suddenly, a thorn pricks Meher’s hand. Meher gets annoyed and says that plants should not have thorns. Do you agree with Meher? Why do you think some plants have thorns? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Rashi went to visit a tyre factory in Chennai. She got to know that there used to be a forest there a long time ago. What kind of trees could have grown in the forest? Why do you think the forest was cleared? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 4

Long Answer Question 19) Look at the two pictures given below. Can you identify the types of forests shown? Discuss three ways in which these forests differ from each other. Picture A Picture B Ans. Picture A: ________________________ Picture B: ________________________ Natural Resources: Forests 5

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Draw a picture to show deforestation. How long will it take to regrow an entire forest? Can you suggest a way to increase the tree cover in your neighbourhood? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6

Lesson 7 Natural Resources: Soil Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) In which type of soil do spices grow?  [     ] [     ] (A)  alluvial soil (B)  mountain soil (C)  laterite soil (D)  red soil 2) Red soil is suitable to grow which of the following crops?  (A)  (B)  apple cotton (C)  (D)  groundnut rice Fill in the Blanks 3) There are ________________________ types of soil found in India. 4) ________________________ soil is found in areas where there is heavy rainfall. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Which soil supports the growth of sugarcane and cotton? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 7

6) In which region of India is alluvial soil found? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘soil’. How many layers does it have? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) Topsoil contains decomposed remains of plants and animals.  [    ] 9) Soil contains microorganisms and insects in it. [    ] 10) The bottom layer of soil is known as subsoil.  [    ] 11) Soil erosion occurs when it becomes very cold. [    ] Short Answer Questions 12) Mention two ways in which soil erosion takes place. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) What helps in preserving the soil from erosion in windy regions? How does it do so? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Draw a mind map to show how soil affects plant and animal life. 8

Hints: •  How does soil affect plant and animal life? •  How is animal life dependent on other animals? Ans. Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Nalini is a farmer. She stays in a village in coastal Karnataka. Which crop do you think Nalini grows? [     ] (A)  (B)  coffee apple (C)  (D)  gram groundnut Natural Resources: Soil 9

16) Raman wants to grow a small garden in his school. He and his friends are collecting soil. Which part of the soil should they collect to ensure good plant growth? [     ] (A) topsoil (B) subsoil (C)  broken down fragments (D)  parent rock Short Answer Questions 17) Take a look at these two pictures. Which place do you think is more likely to experience soil erosion? Why? Place A Place B Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) In which state of India would it be easy to grow an apple tree? Why? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) Imagine that the soil in your region has been completely eroded. What can be the possible results of this? Discuss any two ways in which this would affect the region. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Where do you live? Find out the kind of soil that is found in your region. What kind of crops can you grow in this region? Find out the same about two of your relatives who live somewhere else and complete the table given below. Ans. I Relative 1 Relative 2 Name Place Type of soil Crops that can be grown (draw and write) Natural Resources: Soil 11

Lesson 8 Indian History and Culture Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) The rulers of which dynasty originally built the Kallanai dam in Tamil Nadu? [    ] (A) Gupta dynasty (B) Chola dynasty (C)  Mughal dynasty (D)  Kakatiya dynasty 2) Which of the following was the first large united kingdom in India?  [    ] (A)  Mauryan Empire (B)  Chola kingdom (C) Gupta Empire (D) Sena kingdom Fill in the Blanks 3) The ________________________ Civilization was discovered by archaeologists in the 1920s. 4) A ________________________ is formed when a series of rulers or leaders belong to the same family. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What is the other name given to the Indus Valley Civilization? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Mention any one source that can help us understand the history of a country. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘timeline’. How are the years on a timeline numbered? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 12

____________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) Kalidasa was a famous poet of the Gupta period.  [    ] 9) The Amaravati Stupa was built by Emperor Ashoka.  [    ] 10) The Warangal Fort and the Thousand Pillar Temple were built [    ] during the rule of the Kakatiyas. [    ] 11) Babur became the emperor after Akbar.  Short Answer Questions 12) Why was the Gupta Empire called the Golden Age of India? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Why did the Mauryan Empire not increase in size after the Battle of Kalinga? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Name the rulers shown in the pictures. Which kingdoms do they belong to? Compare the major features of the two kingdoms. Picture A Picture B Indian History and Culture 13

Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which of the following buildings or monuments is the oldest? [    ] (A)  (B)  Taj Mahal Ajanta Caves (C)  (D)  Brihadeeswarar Temple Sindhudurg Fort 16) Look at the picture. Which dynasty did this ruler belong to?  [    ] (A)  the Satavahanas (B)  the Kakatiyas (C)  the Mughals (D)  the Marathas 14

Short Answer Questions 17) If you were to choose a dynasty to rule India today, which one would you pick? Why? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Manav sees Jyoti scribbling on the walls of the Red Fort. Is Jyoti doing the right thing? What should Manav do? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 1 19) Read the clues and solve the crossword. Across 23 2. This Mughal emperor was tolerant towards 4 all religions. 6. It was built in the memory of Mumtaz Mahal. 7. The ruins of the ancient city of Vijayanagara 5 are present here. Down 6 1. It was the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas. 3. It is the full form of AD. 7 4. Brihadeeswarar Temple was built by this dynasty. 5. The national emblem of India was built under the rule of this ruler. 7.  It is the study of the past. Indian History and Culture 15

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Monuments are an important source of history. Why do you think it is important to study history and learn about culture? Hints: •  What can the study of history tell us about human beings? •  Why is it important to learn about different cultures? •  Are cultures similar to or different from each other? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 16

Lesson 9 The Indian Constitution Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) When did the Constitution of India come into force? [     ] (A)  26 January 1930 (B)  26 January 1950 [     ] (C)  15 August 1947 (D)  15 August 1950 2) What is the national song of India?  (A)  Vande mataram (B)  Jana gana mana (C)  Saare jahan se achha (D)  Ae mere watan ke logon Fill in the Blanks 3) The Constitution of India is the ________________________ written constitution in the world. 4) The Indian Constitution was written by ________________________ and a team of very educated leaders of India. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What do we call the symbols that represent India? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Which is the national fruit of India? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘constitution’. Mention one thing that a constitution tells us. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 17

Understanding Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) Our Fundamental Right is to follow the Constitution and respect it. [ ] 9) According to the Right to Equality, we are all equal, no matter what our [ ] religion, gender or place of birth is. ] 10) National symbols say that everybody is equal. [ ] 11) The Indian Constitution states that children up to the age of 10 have the right to receive free education. [ Short Answer Questions 12) Why is the Preamble important? Can you think of a value that it stands for? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Explain the meaning of ‘Fundamental Duties’. Mention any one such duty that you think is important. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18

Long Answer Question 14) Look at the given word search puzzle. Find and circle eight words related to the Constitution of India. B R AMB E D K A R EQUA L I T YD J HU TOJ E L NUU NW L WGMG F T S B Z BBUXRX I T F R E E DOMX E I R E PUB L I CSC P L UW L Z H R B E P R E AMB L E NA U H R R I GH T SM Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Mayura’s parents are doctors. But she wants to become a fashion designer. [     ] According to you, which fundamental right allows Mayura to become a [     ] fashion designer?  (A)  Right to Equality (B)  Right to Freedom (C)  Right to Education (D)  Right against Exploitation 16) Why should we stand up when we sing ‘Jana gana mana’?  (A)  It is a holy song. (B)  It is our national song. (C) It was written by (D)  It is our national anthem. Rabindranath Tagore. The Indian Constitution 19

Short Answer Questions 17) Look at the following pictures. Which Fundamental Duties should we follow to prevent these from happening? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Kabir is an 11-year-old boy who does not go to school as his parents cannot pay the school’s fees. Is there anything in the Constitution that can help children like him? If yes, how? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 20

Long Answer Question 19) Rashi follows Jainism, whereas Meher follows Zoroastrianism. They can use all the public facilities without any discrimination. They can wear clothes of their choice. They can study in a school for free till their fifteenth birthday. Identify the rights given to Indian citizens that allow Rashi and Meher to do so. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) If given a chance to make your own constitution, what are the values you will keep in mind while writing it? Give reasons. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ The Indian Constitution 21

Lesson 10 Public Facilities Remembering Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is an example of a public facility? [    ] [    ] (A) house (B) bike (C) boat (D) bridge 2) Which of the following is true for public facilities? (A)  They are provided in private places. (B)  They are for the benefit and use of the public. (C)  They are available only for a short time. (D)  They are given only to selected people. Fill in the Blanks 3) Public facilities address the basic ________________________ of the people. 4) Public property is owned by the ________________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name a place where the public can read books. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name a public facility which is used for drinking, washing and irrigation. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘public facilities’. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 22

Understanding Picture Match the Following a) Public Facility b) 8) roads and bridges c) 9) government hospitals d) 10) street lights 11) bus stands Short Answer Questions 12) How is it ensured that public facilities are made available to everyone? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Public Facilities 23

13) How will the people’s money be wasted if public property is destroyed? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Identify the type of property shown in the pictures. Write any three differences between them. Ans. Picture A Picture B Picture A: ________________________ Picture B: ________________________ Application Multiple Choice Questions 15) Mohan stays in Rambagh village in Uttar Pradesh. It is always very dark when he returns from his tuition. None of the street lights of the village work. Whom should Mohan approach to solve this problem? [    ] 24

(A) Prime Minister (B) municipal corporation [    ] (C) his friends (D) Gram Panchayat 16) Which of the following pictures shows protection of public property? (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  Short Answer Questions 17) Mention any two rules you should follow while visiting a park or playground. Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Ahmad stays in Lucknow. Which local government is responsible for providing public facilities in his area? Can you name any three important public facilities in his area? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Public Facilities 25

Long Answer Question 19) Look at the following word search puzzle. Find and circle six words related to public and private property. Classify them on the basis of the type of property in the table. S D I E L UOCCGH GXM L I P QVM Z O P U J EGBGP EAU A F QC R L L Z I R S RCT T U L T B F U E K E W R A GWA T E R D LG I T F BOP K R K R ZC L KGF B H I NO Z I C T YWDW J UAK T AH L R S Z H P DN YCA R HW I W Ans. Public Property Private Property Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Discuss and write the various steps that should be taken by the students at a school to protect the school property and resources. 26

Hints: •  Think of the facilities provided in the classroom and the school. •  Think of the various things the students use every day during school hours. •  How can the students ensure that all of these things are in good condition? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Public Facilities 27

Map Practice 1) On the map of India, colour and label the following. a)  the state where ruins of Vijayanagara Empire can be found b)  the state where Warangal Fort is located c)  the state where Brihadeeswarar Temple is located d)  the state where Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal Ans. 28 03/01/2022 11:05:56 AM 20-21_ML_SST_G4_WB_Map Q_Part 2.indd 28

2) On the map of India, colour and label the following. Make a key. a)  an area where trees have broad, flat leaves (yellow) b)  an area where cotton is grown (purple) c)  an area where spices are grown (green) d)  an area where a delta has formed (blue) Ans. Map Practice 29

3) On the map of India, colour and label the following. Make a key. a)  an area where millets are grown b)  an area where alluvial soil is found c)  an area where groundnuts are grown d)  an area where laterite soil is found Ans. 30

4) On the map of India, colour and label the following. Make a key. a)  an area where coniferous forests are found (dark green) b)  an area where mangroves are found (purple) c)  an area where eucalyptus and rosewood trees grow (pink) d)  an area where babul trees grow (brown) Ans. Map Practice 31

5) On the map of India, colour and label the states where you will find the following. a)  Kallanai dam b)  Amaravati Stupa c)  Ajanta Caves d)  Sindhudurg Fort Ans. 32

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