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ENGLISH 2 TEXTBOOK PART-2 Name: ____________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: ______ School: ____________________________

Preface ClassKlap partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. ClassKlap presents the latest version of the VISA NEP series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. Designed specifically for CBSE schools, the VISA NEP series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005. Therefore, our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. NCF 2005 asserts that listening, speaking, reading and writing (LSRW) are all generalised skills, and students’ mastery over them is key to success at school. All these skills frequently need to be used together. Therefore, the VISA NEP English textbooks and workbooks strive to provide adequate opportunities for students to practise all the four LSRW skills. To this effect, the VISA NEP English textbooks and workbooks for CBSE schools offer the following features:  T hemes recommended by the NCF across grades 1–5 in the literature pieces  Samples of Indian writing in English as well as popular English literature pieces from western countries  P ictures for word meanings in each lesson to help students with visual clues for new or difficult words  N on-detailed lessons to enable additional reading  A speaking project and two reading comprehension passages in each unit to further hone speaking and reading skills  Horizontal and vertical progression across grades for the grammar concepts covered in the workbooks, providing a spiral of cumulative learning  Samples of format-based writing to provide for scaffolding of learning of formal writing Overall, the ClassKlap VISA NEP English textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to generate greater engagement with and enhance fluency in English language communication and empower students to develop a genuine appreciation of the language and its literature. – The Authors

Textbook Features Let Us Start Warm Up Activities and questions to Interesting questions to prepare students to focus on arouse curiosity about the pronunciation and help lesson teachers to introduce the lesson I Understand I Read Questions to check Variety of literature pieces comprehension of the literature (prose/poetry/drama) piece Questions after the literature – 'Literature comprehension' piece for quick check of under- and 'Value-based questions' standing are only a part of detailed lessons. Language Game Games to improve language I Speak and enhance fluency Activities for students to speak individually or in pairs or Connect the Dots groups on a theme-related topic clAeosmsnonuneltitcdotissPoctthOipheEelinGrtMhasReurySbmsAjeeeccMottsfiotiMnhnethAaRt order to enable SstuTdOenRtsIEtoS A Note to Parent To engage a parent in the relate better to it out-of-classroom learning of their child and conducting WORD MEANINGS activities to reinforce LANGUAGE GAMES the learnt concepts WRITING

Contents Class 2 Theme 3: Heritage 9 Oh Nani! Tell Me a Tale! �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2 S3 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 R3 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������� 8 Theme 4: Imagination and Adventure 10 The Pied Piper of Hamelin ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 11 The Swift Runner ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 19 12 The Swing ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24 S4 Speaking Project ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30 R4 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 Theme 5: Exploring the World 13 The Travels of Ravina Aunty ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 14 The Adventures of Mendu ���������������������������������������������������������������������� 41 15 Riding My Bicycle ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 47 S5 SRpeaedaiknigngCPormojpercethe���n��s�i�o��n���������������������������������������������������������������������������������p����o������e����g��m����r����s��a��������m��������m����������a������r������ 53 R5 54 stories word meanings language games writing

Why are we studying this theme? Do your parents or grandparents tell you stories? It is wonderful to hear stories from the past. They teach us important lessons. Let us read two stories and a poem and learn something from them.

Lesson Oh Nani! Tell Me a 9 Tale! Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Word Rhyming words Word Rhyming words tale tail, sail green queen Warm Up • Do you meet your grandparents often? • Do you like listening to stories? Who tells you the stories? Let us read a poem about a child asking her Nani or grandmother to tell her a bedtime story. 2

I Read Oh Nani, tell me a tale, Of a friendly dog that wags its tail. Of hills and valleys and forests, green, Of little fairies and their queen. valleys Oh Nani, tell me a tale, sail heroes Of lions and tigers and ships that sail. wars Of heroes who win wars, And the Sun, Moon and stars. Oh Nani, I will never forget, The tales I hear after sunset. – Manjula Shukla Let Us Discuss 1) Who is the child talking to? 2) W hat does the child want to listen to? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word tale valleys sail heroes wars Oh Nani! Tell Me a Tale! 3

Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Mention any three things that the child wants to hear about. Ans.  2) Name the three things in the sky that the child wants to hear stories about. Ans.  3) Name the animals mentioned in the poem. Ans.  4) What do the heroes in the poem do? Ans.  Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) D o you think that the child is close to her grandmother? Why? Ans.  2) D escribe something you would like to do with your grandparents or someone in your family. Ans.  4

I Speak Story telling Bring your favourite story. Read it aloud to your partner. Then, tell the class the story in your own words. Public speaking Many stories are so wonderful that we want to be a part of them. We often wish to be the heroes and heroines in these stories. Choose one story that you have heard, and tell it to your class as if you were the hero or heroine. • Use pronouns such as ‘I’, ‘me’ and ‘we’ to tell the story. • You can act it out in front of your class. Language Game Word chain Sit in a circle. One of you will say a word. The next student has to say a word with the letter that the first word ends with. For example, tail, lion, nail and so on. You can use only naming words. Connect the Dots Maths Fun Nani tells her granddaughter 2 stories every night. How many stories do they hear in a week? Oh Nani! Tell Me a Tale! 5

EVS Fun There are many stories about animals. Many of the most popular animal stories are from the Indian collection of stories, the Panchatantra. These stories are very, very old. Look at the pictures from two such stories. Can you guess which stories they are from? A Note to Parent One way to encourage an active imagination is to hear and tell stories. Encourage your child to spend time and bond with elders in the family. The stories that the older people share will help your child to connect to stories and enhance their creativity and imagination. Word meanings tale – story the land between hills or mountains valleys – to travel on water by ship or boat brave people sail – fights among people, groups or countries heroes – wars – 6

S3 Speaking Project Show and tell Bring a favourite object or something that you have made by yourself and are very proud of. Show the object to your classmates and talk about it. Hints: • What is the object? • Where did you find it? • If you have made it, explain how you made it. • What does it look like? • Why do you like it? 7

R3 Reading Comprehension Picture 1 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) We can see ________ flags on the palace. [   ] ] (A) one (B) two ] (C) three (D) four 2) The king and the queen look ________. [   (A) sad (B) angry (C) happy (D) surprised 3) T he king and the queen are standing in front of ________ palace. [ (A) their (B) his (C) her (D) our 8

4) The king and the queen are wearing ________. [   ] [   ] (A) hats (B) turbans (C) caps (D) crowns 5) There is a ________ in front of the palace. (A) lion (B) stream (C) bird (D) cloud Picture 2 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) ________ children are painting the wall. [   ] [   ] (A) Two (B) Three [   ] (C) Four (D) Five 2) The child in the green T-shirt is ________. (A) painting (B) running (C) standing (D) hiding 3) ________ children are playing Holi. (A) A (B) An (C) Them (D) The Reading Comprehension 9

4) Children use ________ to make coloured water. [   ] [   ] (A) crayons (B) vegetable colour (C) coloured powder (D) salt 5) We play Holi using water balloons and ________. (A) sticks (B) fire (C) water guns (D) stones 10

Why are we studying this theme? We can go anywhere and meet anyone in our imagination. Let us read two stories and a poem about imagination and adventure.

Lesson The Pied Piper of 10 Hamelin Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Words starting with Words starting with Words starting with Words starting with the ‘fl’ sound the ‘gl’ sound the ‘sk’ sound the ‘sl’ sound fly glass skip slip flag glue skin sleep Warm Up • H ave you ever promised anything to your parents? Did you keep the promises? • Do you think it is important to keep the promises that we make? Let us read a story about a man who helps a city. He also teaches a lesson to a man who breaks a promise. 12

I Read Once upon a time, the city of Hamelin was filled with rats. They ran everywhere and ate up all the food. The people were so troubled that they went to the mayor. ‘Please do something about the rats’, they begged. mayor Just then, a tall man entered. He was wearing a long coat that was half purple and half blue. ‘I am the Pied Piper. I have a secret charm by which I can get rid of the rats. It will cost a thousand coins’, he said. Pied Piper The mayor agreed. The piper took out his pipe and started playing a pipe merry tune. All the rats came running out of the houses. He sat on the riverside, playing his tune. The rats ran into the water and drowned. merry The mayor was greedy and refused to pay the money. greedy Then, the piper played another tune. This time, all drowned the children came running out. They followed mountain the piper to the mountain. A door opened in the mountain, and they went inside. Then, the door closed. The people were horrified. They went to the mayor. ‘All the children are gone, please do something’, they begged. The mayor paid the piper his money. The piper played yet another horrified tune, and the children came back to their thankful parents. – a German folktale The Pied Piper of Hamelin 13

Let Us Discuss 1) Who saved the city of Hamelin from the rats? 2) On what did the piper play a merry tune? I Understand Exercise 1: New words Word Meaning mayor pied piper secret charm get rid of pipe merry drowned greedy refused mountain horrified Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What was the city of Hamelin filled with? Ans.  14

2) How was the Pied Piper’s coat? Ans.  3) Why did the mayor refuse to pay the piper? Ans.  4) What happened when the piper played another tune? Ans.  Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Why did the Pied Piper take the children away? Ans.  2) If you were the mayor, would you have kept the promise? Why? Ans.  I Speak Ask and answer questions Make pairs. Use any three of the question words given below to ask your partner three questions about the story. Answer the questions that your partner asks you. Question words: who, where, why, what, when, how The Pied Piper of Hamelin 15

Example: Q. What happened to the rats? Ans. The rats ran into the river and drowned. Role play Enact the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin in groups. Add lines for the people of Hamelin and the children. Language Game Crossword puzzle – who are we? This is a photograph of a statue of the Pied Piper of Hamelin in Hamelin, Germany. Now, use the given hints to complete the Pied Piper crossword puzzle. 1 2 3 4 16

Down Across 1)  W e were kept inside the mountain 3)  W e are the animals that troubled by the Pied Piper. the people of Hamelin. 2) I did not pay the Pied Piper his 4)  I know a secret charm to get rid money. of rats. Connect the Dots Maths Fun Here are the rats that troubled the people of Hamelin. Look at the pattern carefully and say which picture will complete the pattern. ? EVS Fun In this story, rats troubled the people of Hamelin. But do you know that people also keep rats as pets? Pet rats like it when they are scratched behind their ears. They like to play and also eat chocolate! A Note to Parent Tell your child why it is important to keep promises and not be greedy. Teach them the importance of sharing. Encourage your child to share with their friends, siblings and cousins. The Pied Piper of Hamelin 17

Word meanings mayor – the head of a city or town of different colours (his coat was of different colours) pied – a person who plays a pipe words that have magic power piper – to be free of a problem a long tube with holes to play music secret charm – very happy d  ied upon not being able to breathe underwater for get rid of – too long wanting more all the time pipe – said ‘no’ a big hill that rises above everything else merry – completely shocked and scared drowned – greedy – refused – mountain – horrified – 18

Lesson The Swift Runner 11 Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Words starting Words starting Words starting Words starting with the ‘sm’ with the ‘sn’ with the ‘st’ sound with the ‘sw’ sound sound step sound snow stop small swing snake smile swift Warm Up • Have you ever participated in a race? If yes, where and when? • What qualities do you think a fast runner needs to have? Let us read a story about how the deer got its antlers. 19

I Read antlers Once upon a time, the animals planned a race. The prize for the fastest runner was a pair of antlers. Each animal was to carry the antlers on its head while running the race. The animal that won would keep the antlers. A path through the woods was chosen for the race. There were many bushes along the way. woods All the animals gathered at the starting gathered point. They chose the bear to be the judge. It was decided that the rabbit and the deer alone should try for the prize. ‘They are the best runners and match each other’, agreed the judge other animals. disappeared The rabbit was given the first chance. However, he said, ‘First, I would like to look at the ground where I have to run.’ So, the rabbit disappeared into the woods. He didn’t return for a long time. The fox was sent to look for him. The rabbit had forgotten all about the race. The fox found the rabbit busily munching on fresh carrots. The fox went back and told the others what the rabbit was doing. munching Soon, the rabbit returned. He was ready to put on the antlers and begin the race. ‘Oh no’, said the bear. ‘You cannot enter the race. You are too fond of munching carrots. You may keep on eating.’ So, the rabbit was not allowed to run the race. The fox placed the antlers upon the head of the deer and said, ‘It is now your turn to try to win the race.’ The animals gave three loud cheers. The deer ran swiftly along the path. He carried the antlers so well that they were not caught in the bushes even once. 20

When the deer returned to the starting point, the bear declared him as the winner. As the bear gave the prize to the deer, he said, ‘Well done! You shall wear the antlers on your head and will always be called the “Swift Runner”’. Let Us Discuss 1) Which two animals tried for the prize? 2) What will the deer always be called? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word antlers woods gathered judge disappeared munching fond swiftly declared The Swift Runner 21

I Speak Group activity Form groups of three. Each member of a group must pick a picture of an animal. Then, tell the class what the animal did in the story, ‘The Swift Runner’. Role play Make groups. Act out the story, ‘The Swift Runner’, in your class. You can add a few more characters to the story. Make your own dialogues. Take help from your teacher to make correct sentences. Language Game Spot the differences These mice are racing. Get into groups of four. Look at the pictures given below and spot five differences between them. The team that can make five correct sentences and tell their teacher what the differences are will win. 22

Connect the Dots Maths Fun The deer ran past 15 bushes. While returning, it ran past the same number of bushes. How many bushes did the deer cross in total? EVS Fun • Antlers are also called horns. They are made up of a hair-like thing over a bony part. • Deer use antlers for fighting, clearing snow and looking for food. A Note to Parent This story shows how the deer won the race while the rabbit got distracted. Encourage your child to put their mind into whatever they do. Support your child and let them engage in activities that they are genuinely interested in. Word meanings antlers    – horns land covered with growing trees, smaller than a forest woods    – came together the person who decides the winner gathered    – went out of sight; could not be seen anymore eating something noisily judge   – strong liking very fast disappeared   ­– announced munching     – fond       – swiftly       – declared   – The Swift Runner 23

Lesson The Swing 12 Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word swing thing wide countryside blue do brown down wall all – – Warm Up • Do you like to swing? • What do you see when you are high up in a swing? Describe it. Let us now read a poem about a child who has a lot of fun playing on a swing. 24

I Read swing How do you like to go up in a swing, Up in the air so blue? Oh, I do think it the pleasantest thing cattle Ever a child can do! Up in the air and over the wall, Till I can see so wide, River and trees and cattle and all Over the countryside – Till I look down on the garden green, Down on the roof so brown – countryside Up in the air I go flying again, roof Up in the air and down! – Robert Louis Stevenson Let Us Discuss 1) How is the air? 2) What is the colour of the roof? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word swing pleasantest wide cattle countryside roof The Swing 25

Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What is the pleasantest thing to do, according to the poet? Ans. 2) What does the poet see over the countryside? Ans. 3) What does the poet look down on? Ans. 4) W hat colours are mentioned in the poem? What do these colours describe? Ans. Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Why do you think the poet likes playing on the swing? Ans. 26

2) What is your favourite plaything? Why do you like it the most? Ans. I Speak Song Sing along with your teacher. SWING, swing, swing, Through the drowsy afternoon; Swing, swing, swing, Up I go to meet the Moon. Swing, swing, swing, I can see as I go high Far along the crimson sky; I can see as I come down The tops of houses in the town; High and low, Fast and slow, Swing, swing, swing. Swing, swing, swing, See! the Sun has gone away; Swing, swing, swing, Gone to make a bright new day. Swing, swing, swing. I can see as up I go The poplars waving to and fro, I can see as I come down. The lights are twinkling in the town, High and low, Fast and slow, Swing, swing, swing. The Swing 27

Ask and answer questions Ask your partner these questions. Then, answer them yourself. What games do you like With whom do you to play? like to play? When and where do you play? Language Game Bouncing rhyme Stand in a circle with your teacher in the middle. Your teacher will say a word and throw the ball to one of you. The student who gets the ball will give a rhyming word for the word given by the teacher. Then, throw the ball back. If a student is unable to give a rhyming word, he or she gets out of the game or starts throwing the ball from the centre. Connect the Dots Maths Fun Maya is sitting on a swing and counting the trees that she can see. Every time she goes up, she sees 4 different trees. If she swings 6 times, how many trees does she see in all? 28

EVS Fun Swings can be made from many things: curved branches, old tyres, plastic or metal. Look at the pictures of different kinds of swings. A Note to Parent Rediscover the joys of childhood. Spend time outdoors and play your childhood games with your child. Word meanings swing – a seat tied with ropes or metal chains, which is used to move forwards and backwards pleasantest – most pleasant wide – broad cattle – cows and bulls kept in a farm countryside – open lands outside the cities and towns roof – the cover or top of a house The Swing 29

S4 Speaking Project Talking about the village side Look at the pictures given below. Choose any picture. Imagine that you live in one of these places. Describe a day in your life. Hints: • At what time do you wake up? • How is your school? • What kind of games do you play? • What do you do the entire day? • Do you like to live here? Why or why not? Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 30

R4 Reading Comprehension Picture 1 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) The dragon in the picture has ___________ coming out of its mouth. [ ] ] (A) fire (B) smoke ] (C) water (D) food 2) The animal in the picture can ___________. [   (A) fly (B) run (C) both (A) and (B) (D) none of these 3) ___________ is a suitable adjective for the animal in the picture. [ (A) ‘Tiny’ (B) ‘Angry’ (C) ‘Orange’ (D) ‘Green’ 31

4) The animal has a ___________ of wings. [   ] [   ] (A) pear (B) pair (C) pare (D) payer 5) The animal in the picture looks weak. The opposite of ‘weak’ is ___________. (A) ‘weakly’ (B) ‘unweak’ (C) ‘poor’ (D) ‘strong’ Picture 2 Look at the picture below and answer the following questions. 1) There is a ___________ in the boat. [   ] [   ] (A) fairy (B) boy [   ] (C) old man (D) dog 2) The house here is inside a ___________. (A) tree (B) mushroom (C) tunnel (D) garden 3) She has a wand ___________ her hand. (A) on (B) over (C) at (D) in 32

4) The large, round object seen in the sky is the ___________. [   ] [   ] (A) Moon (B) star (C) Sun (D) cloud 5) In the picture, the ___________ are pink. (A) flowors (B) flars (C) flowers (D) flours Reading Comprehension 33

Why are we studying this theme? Travel is the best way to know the world. The second-best way is to read. Let us read two stories and a poem about travel. 34

Lesson The Travels of Ravina 13 Aunty Let Us Start Words with the letters 'ee' Listen and say aloud heel peel meet feet feel sheep keep seen Warm Up • Have you heard stories about travel from your family? • Do you enjoy listening to such stories? Why? Let us read a story about the different places that Ravina Aunty travelled to. 35

I Read ‘Ravina Aunty is coming this evening’, said Mummy. Priti and Priya jumped with joy. She was their favourite aunt. She had many interesting tales to tell. She worked for a magazine jumped with joy and travelled a lot. Ravina Aunty reached at five o’clock. magazine ‘Hello, my favourite girls’, she said. ‘Come in, Aunty’, said Priya. ‘We were waiting to hear your stories.’ ‘Yes. I do have many stories to share’, said Aunty. ‘Aunty, where have you come from?’ asked Priti. desert ‘I had gone to a desert. I went there with my friend. He is a photographer. He wanted to click photographs of the rising and setting Sun. It was very hot in the day and cold at night. We had to travel on a camel as cars would get stuck in the sand.’ ‘Before that, I was in the mountains’, said Aunty. ‘What a different place, from a desert to the mountains!’ said everyone. ‘Yes, at that time, my friend had to click pictures of a mountain lion. The villagers had seen the lion. Luckily, it was not snowing. But it was very cold with a lot of wind.’ ‘Were you able to click the pictures?’ asked Priya. ‘Yes. We set up a lookout point and covered it with leaves and branches. No one could see us. My friend had his camera ready. We had to wait for hours before the lion came. We were able to click just a few pictures before the lion ran away on hearing some.’ ‘What a story!’ said Priti. ‘I am going to travel when I grow up.’ ‘Me too’, said Priya. 36

Let Us Discuss 1) Why did Ravina Aunty have to travel on a camel in the desert? 2) What does Priti want to do when she grows up? I Understand Exercise 1: New words Word Meaning jumped with joy magazine desert lookout point Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Why were the girls excited to meet Ravina Aunty? Ans.  2) What did Ravina Aunty’s friend want to do in the desert? Ans.  3) How was the weather in the mountains? Ans.  The Travels of Ravina Aunty 37

4) W hat did Ravina Aunty and her friend do to take photos of a mountain lion? Ans.  Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you like to travel? Why or why not? Ans.  2) Describe Ravina Aunty in your own words. Ans.  I Speak Circle time Sit in a circle with your classmates and teacher. Take turns to tell one of your travel tales. Mention where you went, what you did and why it is a trip that you will never forget. 38

Ask and answer questions Think about a person who is your favourite in the family. Your partner will do the same. Ask and answer the following questions about your favourite person and your partner’s. What is the name When was the last time you of your favourite saw your favourite person? person? What does your Why do you love them favourite person so much? do? Language Game Travel words Let us play a word game. With your partner, write down words related to travel in two minutes. Then, read out the words. The pair that has the maximum number of words wins. Hint: ‘Bus’, ‘backpack’ and ‘water bottle’ are examples of travel words. The Travels of Ravina Aunty 39

Connect the Dots Maths Fun Ravina Aunty travelled by car for 14 hours. She then travelled on a camel for 4 hours in the desert. For how many hours did she travel in all? EVS Fun • Mountain lions hide the prey (food) that they catch under dry leaves and soil. They do this so that they can come back and eat it for many days. • Mountain lions do not roar. A Note to Parent The best form of learning is first-hand experience of things. By encouraging travel, you are opening new doors of knowledge and wisdom to your child. Travelling together is also a great way to bond with them. Word meanings jumped with joy – jumped with happiness a book with articles and pictures magazine – a land covered with sand a safe place from where one can watch something desert – lookout point – 40

Lesson The Adventures 14 of Mendu Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Long sound made by the letters ‘oo’ Short sound made by the letters ‘oo ’ Moon food good foot roof tooth look wool Warm Up • Would you like to travel the world? • Where would you like to go? What would you do? Let us read a story about Mendu, a frog who travels to learn about the world. 41

I Read Mendu was a frog who was born in a well. As he was growing up, he used to hear noises from the outside. He was very curious. He wanted to see the world. So, one day, he packed his well little green bag, wore his new shoes and set out! He leaped out of the well, and for the first packed leaped time, he landed on dry land. Mendu was very happy, and he croaked loudly. croaked As he was jumping around, he saw another frog. The frog had big, red eyes and a green body. ‘Hello, I am Mendu. I am from the well. I am out to see the world.’ ‘I am Greenie, and I live here.’ ‘Can you tell me which road I should take to see the world?’ asked Mendu. ‘Come, hop onto that big branch of the tree with me.’ Mendu followed Greenie’s directions. He kept hopping till he reached the highest branch of the nearest tree. He could hear the birds, leaves, plants and flowers all talking to one another. They were saying, ‘Oh, see that big, red bus. It has all that smoke coming from its tail.’ As the bus passed, all the trees started to shake. ‘Why did you shake when the bus passed?’ Mendu asked, coughing. coughing ‘So that the smoke doesn’t stay on our leaves’, said the tree. Mendu thought that was a good idea. Mendu really enjoyed himself. He had quite an adventure. He decided to return to the well. He was tired but excited to tell everyone about the new things that he had seen. He reached the well and washed off the smoke in the cool water of the well. 42

He soon found all his cousins, aunts and uncles around him. ‘Welcome home, Mendu! We are waiting to hear about all that you have seen.’ ‘The world outside is very different from our well. We don’t meet any red buses. We don’t have to shake to blow the smoke away.’ ‘So, was it a bad place?’ his uncle asked. ‘Oh no, there were a few things I did not like. But I saw many things. I will explore every day as I want to see the world. But I will be careful.’ Let Us Discuss 1) Where was Mendu born? 2) What were the birds, plants, trees and flowers talking about? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word well packed leaped croaked coughing adventure excited explore The Adventures of Mendu 43

I Speak Pair discussion Make up an adventure story with your partner. You and your partner are part of the story. Use the questions below and discuss your adventures together in pairs. • Where did you go? • What did you do? • Whom did you meet? • What did you eat? • Did you enjoy your adventure? Why? Circle time Sit in a circle with your teacher and friends. One by one, do the following activities: • Your teacher will mention a thing that you need to carry while travelling. The next student adds to the list till all the students have added to it. • In the next round, the teacher talks about the things that one needs to keep in mind while travelling. For example, researching about the place that one is about to travel to or carrying first aid. Each student then adds to the list. 44

Language Game Word search Hidden below are a few words from the lesson. Can you find them? X E X P LOR E B J Words that you have to F L OW E R S Y X F look for: D K S S MO K E N Y O L N I J R DGD J BIRDS E Z O J Q E QVWP PLANTS P F Y L J Z F LOL FLOWERS ADV E N T U R E A LEAVES J K R L EAV E S N AN VW T E QP D T BUS PYBUS B I RDS SMOKE ADVENTURE EXPLORE Connect the Dots Maths Fun A frog has to jump 5 times to cross a bridge. How many times will it have to jump to cross 3 such bridges? The Adventures of Mendu 45

EVS Fun Tree frogs can even hold on to very smooth surfaces. Do you know how? They have special sticky pads on the tips of their fingers that help them stick to flat surfaces. A Note to Parent Talk to your child about the sources of pollution. A few ways by which you can reduce pollution are carpooling, recycling and reducing the usage of plastic bags. Word meanings well – a deep hole in the ground, filled with water filled packed – jumped the sound made by a frog leaped – making a loud noise through the mouth when sick an exciting trip croaked – very happy about something to travel to find something coughing – adventure – excited – explore – 46

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