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Published by IMAX, 2022-02-11 09:04:22



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ENGLISH 3 TEXTBOOK PART-2 Name: ____________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: ______ School: ____________________________

Preface ClassKlap partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. ClassKlap presents the latest version of the VISA NEP series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. Designed specifically for CBSE schools, the VISA NEP series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005. Therefore, our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. NCF 2005 asserts that listening, speaking, reading and writing (LSRW) are all generalised skills, and students’ mastery over them is key to success at school. All these skills frequently need to be used together. Therefore, the VISA NEP English textbooks and workbooks strive to provide adequate opportunities for students to practise all the four LSRW skills. To this effect, the VISA NEP English textbooks and workbooks for CBSE schools offer the following features:  T hemes recommended by the NCF across grades 1–5 in the literature pieces  Samples of Indian writing in English as well as popular English literature pieces from western countries  P ictures for word meanings in each lesson to help students with visual clues for new or difficult words  N on-detailed lessons to enable additional reading  A speaking project and two reading comprehension passages in each unit to further hone speaking and reading skills  Horizontal and vertical progression across grades for the grammar concepts covered in the workbooks, providing a spiral of cumulative learning  Samples of format-based writing to provide for scaffolding of learning of formal writing Overall, the ClassKlap VISA NEP English textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to generate greater engagement with and enhance fluency in English language communication and empower students to develop a genuine appreciation of the language and its literature. – The Authors

Textbook Features Let Us Start Warm Up Activities and questions to Interesting questions to prepare students to focus on arouse curiosity about the pronunciation and help lesson teachers to introduce the lesson I Understand I Read Questions to check Variety of literature pieces comprehension of the literature (prose/poetry/drama) piece Questions after the literature – 'Literature comprehension' piece for quick check of under- and 'Value-based questions' standing are only a part of detailed lessons. Language Game Games to improve language I Speak and enhance fluency Activities for students to speak individually or in pairs or Connect the Dots groups on a theme-related topic clAeosmsnonuneltitcdotissPoctthOipheEelinGrtMhasReurySbmsAjeeeccMottsfiotiMnhnethAaRt order to enable SstuTdOenRtsIEtoS A Note to Parent To engage a parent in the relate better to it out-of-classroom learning of their child and conducting WORD MEANINGS activities to reinforce LANGUAGE GAMES the learnt concepts WRITING

Contents Class 3 Theme 3: Heritage 9 The Foolish Fish ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2 S3 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8 R3 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 Theme 4: Imagination and Adventure 10 Finding the Man-cub ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13 11 The Unhappy Crow �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 19 12 A Good Play ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 23 S4 Speaking Project ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28 R4 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 29 Theme 5: Exploring the World 13 Tania Visits Tanali ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 33 14 The Lost Treasure of Ramgarh �������������������������������������������������������������� 39 15 Aeroplane ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 45 S5 SRpeaedaiknigngCPormojpercethe���n��s�i�o��n�����������������������������������������������������������������������p������o����e����g��m����r����s����a������m����������m��������a��������r�������������� 50 R5 51 Glossary ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������s����t��o���r����i�e���s���������� 54 word meanings language games writing

Why are we studying this theme? Do your parents or grandparents tell you stories? It is wonderful to hear stories from the past. They teach us important lessons. Let us read two stories and a poem and learn something from them.

Lesson The Foolish 9 Fish Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word fish wish too true see me look hook cried hide trout out Warm Up • Do you know what fish eat? • H ow does a fisher catch fish? Let us read a poem about a little fish who did not listen to his mother and did something foolish. 2

I Read ‘Dear mother’, said a little fish, ‘Is that a worm I see? I’m very hungry and I wish You’d get the worm for me.’ started ‘Sweet fish’, the mother cried, hook trout And started from her corner, ‘That worm you see is there to hide,  The sharpness of a hook.’ As I have heard, the little trout Was young and foolish too, And presently he still went out To learn what might be true. Around about the worm he played, And gave it a hard, long look And ‘Dear me!’ to himself he said, ‘I’m sure there is no hook.’ ‘I think I’ll give one little bite.’ And that was what he did, And thus he died, that little fish By not doing as he was told. – Adapted from ‘The Foolish Fish’ by Ann and Jane Taylor Let Us Discuss 1) What kind of fish is mentioned in the poem? 2) What did the fish see? 3) What was the worm hiding? 4) Did the little fish try to eat the worm? The Foolish Fish 3

I Understand Exercise 1: New words Word Meaning started hook trout presently Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What was the little fish asking his mother to get for him? Ans.   2) What did his mother tell him about the worm? Ans.   3) What did the little fish think of doing? Ans.   4) What happened to the little fish at the end of the poem? Ans.   Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Why do you think the little fish’s mother told him not to go near the worm? Was she right? Ans.   4

2) S  hould we listen to our elders? Why or why not? Ans. I Speak Role play In pairs, act out the poem, ‘The Foolish Fish’. One person can be the mother fish, and the other can be the foolish fish. How do you think the mother fish would have reacted when she found out what the little fish had done? Add this situation to your role play. Interview Get into pairs. Ask your partner if they ever got into trouble for not listening to their elders. Ask questions related to the incident. You can use the following questions: What did you Why had your elders do? told you not to do it? What kind of trouble How did you did you get into by not feel later? listening to your elders? The Foolish Fish 5

Language Game Find those fish! The boy has caught a fish. There are four more in the water. Can you find and colour them? Describe the picture after you have finished colouring it. Connect the Dots Science Fun Do you know that underwater life is very beautiful and interesting? Look at the picture on the right. There are many plants and animals under the sea that can be found in all the colours of the rainbow. 6

Maths Fun A river had 246 goldfish, 264 trout and 242 tuna. List the number of fish in descending order. This will tell you which type of fish was found in the largest quantity in the river. goldfish trout tuna A Note to Parent Show your child the movie named Finding Nemo. It is the story of a fish named Nemo who gets separated from his family. Nemo’s father finds his son after a series of adventures. It is a film loved by children from all over the world. The Foolish Fish 7

S3 Speaking Project Find out about an interesting festival that is celebrated outside the state you live in. Give a small speech about this festival in front of your classmates. Collect the following information (draw or paste a picture or write notes): food clothes/dress   tradition   gifts     8

R3 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Once, there lived a blind man in a small town. He carried a lighted lamp in his hand whenever he went out at night. One night, a group of men were walking on the same path. They saw the blind man and made fun of him. They said, ‘O! blind man, why do you carry the lamp? You are blind and cannot see anything.’ The blind man politely said, ‘This lamp is not for me but for those who have eyes. You may not see a blind man in your path and may collide with him.’ Upon hearing this, the men felt ashamed and asked for forgiveness. 1) What did the blind man carry when he went out at night? Ans.   2) What did the group of men do when they saw the blind man? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct articles (‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’ ). a) The blind man took ____________ hour to finish his work. b) Bring me _______________ lamp that the blind man is carrying. c) There is _____________ blind man walking in the street. 9

4) What is an antonym of ‘polite’? Ans.   5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) polite a) crash into someone or something 2) ashamed b) well-mannered 3) collide c) feeling sorry about something Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Hare made fun of the way Tortoise walked and how slow he was. So, Tortoise challenged Hare to a race. Hare agreed, thinking he was sure to win. Whoever reached the tree first would be the winner. The race began. Hare ran with all his might and reached the halfway mark. By then, Tortoise had only taken ten steps. Hare looked back and decided to rest under a tree. He thought, ‘I can wake up and reach the tree before Tortoise catches up.’ Tortoise kept walking slowly, but he did not stop anywhere. When Hare got up, Tortoise had reached the tree. Slow and steady Tortoise won the race. 1) Why did Hare agree to the race? Ans.   10

2) What did Hare do when he reached the halfway mark? Ans.   3) Complete the questions with the correct question words from the brackets. a) ___________________ won the race? (How/Who) b) ___________________ did Hare make fun of? (Why/What) c) ___________________ did the Hare get up? (When/Who) 4) Write the meaning of the proverb: ‘slow and steady wins the race’. Ans.   5) Match the words with their meanings. Column A Column B 1) challenge a) power 2) might b) reach the same level as someone 3) catch up c) dare; invite to a contest Reading Comprehension 11

Why are we studying this theme? We can go anywhere and meet anyone in our imagination. Imagine if trains and peacocks could talk! Read two stories and a poem about imagination and adventure.

Lesson Finding the 10 Man-cub Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Words with the hard ‘g’ sound Words with the soft ‘g’ sound goat flag cage bridge eagle good giraffe huge The table above has words with the hard ‘g’ sound (like ‘g’ in ‘gas’) and the soft ‘g’ sound (like ‘g’ in ‘page’). Warm Up • Have you ever wondered how life in the jungle would be? Share your thoughts. • If all animals were your friends, can you imagine living in the jungle all by yourself? Why or why not? Let us read a part of the storybook named The Jungle Book. It is about a baby named Mowgli who was found and raised by wolves. 13

I Read It was a warm evening in the Seeonee Hills. Father squealing Wolf woke up, yawned, scratched himself and jackal spread out his paws. Mother Wolf lay with her grey nose on the back of one of her four squealing cubs. scratched yawned The Moon shone into the cave where they all lived. ‘It is time to hunt again’, said Father Wolf. A shadow crossed into the cave. It was the jackal who feasted on the kills of other animals. No one liked him because he used to tell tales and make mischief. mischief ‘There is no food here’, said Father Wolf. ‘I am happy with a few leftovers’, said the jackal. He found a bone and started chewing on it. leftovers A fter a while, he said, ‘Shere Khan has decided to hunt close by.’ ‘The law of the jungle is that he cannot change his hunting area without warning’, said Father Wolf angrily. jungle ‘I am going. Listen carefully, you can hear Shere Khan hunting’, said the jackal. Then, he slid out of the cave and vanished into the night. T here was a loud roar. ‘Shere Khan missed his catch’, vanished said Mother Wolf. ‘I wonder who his prey is’, said Father Wolf. prey The bushes rustled, and Father Wolf tensed his muscles, ready to attack. ‘Look, it is a man’s cub.’ They saw a baby, just able to walk. He looked at them and laughed, not afraid at all. Father Wolf caught him in his jaws and gently brought him into the cave. At once, the baby pushed his way through the cubs to come closer to Mother Wolf. jaws Suddenly, Shere Khan thrust his great head and thrust shoulder into the cave. ‘A man’s cub came here. Give him to me’, roared Shere Khan. 14

‘The wolves are free people, and we do not take orders from you. The cub is ours’, said Father Wolf. The tiger’s roar filled the cave with thunder. Mother Wolf stepped forward. ‘The cub is mine. He shall not be killed. Go away’, she said with so much anger that Shere Khan backed away.  – Adapted from Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book Let Us Discuss 1) Where is the story based? 2) Where did the Moon shine? 3) Who told the wolves about Shere Khan? 4) Who was Shere Khan’s prey? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word yawned scratched squealing jackal mischief leftovers jungle vanished prey rustled jaws thrust Finding the Man-cub 15

Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) W hat did Father Wolf do after he woke up? Ans.   2) Why did no one like the jackal? Ans.   3) What was the law of the jungle? Ans.   4) Who spoke to Shere Khan with great anger in the end? Ans.   Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Why do you think the baby was not scared of the wolves? Ans.    2) What do you think of Shere Khan? Did he care for the other animals? Ans.    I Speak Role play Get into groups of five. Write down the story in a dialogue form. You can also add new dialogues. 16

Divide the roles of Father Wolf, Mother Wolf, the jackal and Shere Khan among yourselves. Then, enact the story. Circle time Sit in a circle with your teacher and classmates. Your teacher will begin by describing any animal or person from the story. The class will guess the name of the character. Each student will then get a chance to describe a character from the story. The rest of the class will guess the name of the character. Language Game Make new words You have just read the story of a man-cub. His name is Mowgli. Join the dots to see how Mowgli would look when he gets a little older. Also, colour the picture. Using the words from the title of the storybook The Jungle Book, make five three-letter words and five four-letter words. Finding the Man-cub 17

Ans.     Connect the Dots Maths Fun The jackal visited the wolves at 7:30 p.m. Shere Khan came by at 8:15 p.m. Calculate the time (in minutes) between the two visits. Social Studies Fun Rudyard Kipling used the forests in the surroundings of Seoni, Madhya Pradesh, as the setting for this story. He spelt ‘Seoni’ as ‘Seeonee’ in his book. Try to locate Seoni on a map of India or Madhya Pradesh. A Note to Parent This story is a small part of Kipling’s famous story, The Jungle Book. Read more stories from The Jungle Book with your child. Let your child’s imagination take flight with the exciting events that happen in Mowgli’s life! 18

Lesson The Unhappy 11 Crow Let Us Start Letters ‘gh’ making the ‘f’ sound Letters ‘ph’ making the ‘f’ sound rough tough alphabet telephone laugh enough photograph elephant Warm Up • What makes you happy? • Who do you think is the happiest person in the world? Let us read a story about a crow who wanted to find the happiest bird in the world. 19

I Read Once upon a time, there was a crow in a forest. He was always very happy. But one day, he saw a swan. ‘This swan is so white. Why am I so black? She must be the happiest bird in the world’, he thought to himself. happiest He asked the swan, ‘You are as white as snow. Are swan you the happiest bird in the world?’ ‘Actually’, the swan replied, ‘I felt that I was the happiest bird around till I saw a parrot. He has two colours! Its red beak and green feathers look very pretty. Now I think that the parrot is the happiest bird.’ The crow then asked the parrot what he thought. The parrot said, ‘I was very happy until I saw a peacock. I have only two colours. The peacock has so many colours.’ The crow then visited a peacock in the zoo. He saw many people near its cage. After the people left, the crow spoke to the peacock. ‘Peacock, you are so beautiful. Every day, so many people come to see you. I think you are the happiest bird in the world.’ beautiful breeze cage The peacock replied, ‘I always thought that I was the most beautiful and the happiest bird. However, because of my beauty, I am in this cage. I long for the gentle breeze of the forest. I long for the dark clouds so that I can spread my wings and dance. I want gentle to be free. Most of the animals and birds are kept in cages by human beings. But a crow is never caged. If I were a crow, I could happily fly everywhere.’ These words taught the crow an important lesson. We should be happy and thankful for what we have. From then on, the crow did not compare himself with others.  – a Panchatantra story Let Us Discuss 1) Where did the crow live? 2) What was the colour of the swan? 3) Which bird did the parrot think was happier than him? 4) What did the peacock want to be? 20

I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word swan happiest cage beautiful long for gentle breeze I Speak Pair discussion Make a list of five things that make you happy and five things that make you unhappy. Discuss it with your partner. Group discussion Is it a good idea to keep birds in a cage? Why or why not? Discuss in your group. Share your thoughts with the class. Language Game A little birdy Stand in two lines to form Group A and Group B. The first student in Group A should describe a bird, such as a parrot or a pigeon. The first student from Group B should guess the name of the bird. If they answer correctly, the first student from Group A will have to join the Group B line and vice versa. At the end of the game, the group with the longer line of students wins. The Unhappy Crow 21

Connect the Dots peacock Social Studies Fun Do you know that the peacock is the national bird of India? Peacocks are found in many states of India. They are easily recognisable too. The peacock is a symbol of India’s rich tradition. It is also a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love. Science Fun hummingbird The smallest bird egg comes from the smallest bird, the hummingbird. The egg is of the size of a pea. The largest bird egg is that of the ostrich. A Note to Parent Speak to your child about their qualities. Read to them stories of children or people who have turned their weaknesses into strengths and become world leaders. For example, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, Albert Einstein, Helen Keller and others. 22

Lesson A Good Play 12 Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word stairs chairs take cake pillows billows me nails pails days tea, knee plays Warm Up • What games do you play with your friends? • H ave you ever pretended to be a doctor or a nurse and played imaginary games with your friends? Did you have fun? Why or why not? Let us read a poem about two boys who went on an imaginary adventure. 23

I Read billows We built a ship upon the stairs All made of the back-bedroom chairs, And filled it full of sofa pillows To go a-sailing on the billows. We took a saw and several nails, And water in the nursery pails; And Tom said, ‘Let us also take, An apple and a slice of cake’; saw Which was enough for Tom and me nails slice To go a-sailing on, till tea. nursery pails We sailed along for days and days, And had the very best of plays; But Tom fell out and hurt his knee, So there was no one left but me. – R L Stevenson Let Us Discuss 1) What was the ship made of? 2) How did the boys carry the water? 3) What food did they carry with them? 4) Where did Tom get hurt? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word billows saw 24

Word Meaning nails nursery pails slice Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Why did the boys build the ship? Ans.   2) What did the boys use to fill up the ship? Ans.   3) Till when were the boys planning to go sailing? Ans.    4) Why was the poet left alone on the ship? Ans.    Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) D o you think it is safe to play on the stairs like the boys in the poem? Why or why not? Ans.    A Good Play 25

2) Y ou are told not to play with sharp objects. Do you listen to this piece of advice? Why or why not? Ans.    I Speak Public speaking Talk about the best holidays that you have had. Share your experiences. Tell the class why they were your best holidays. Group discussion Form groups and discuss why using sharp objects like saws and nails while playing is dangerous. Language Game Anagrams Read the following words carefully: saw and was. The letters used in the words are the same, but the words formed and their meanings are different. Such words are anagrams of each other. Examples: nails – snail sailed – ladies Given below are some words. Rearrange their letters to form new words. 1) pat   : ________________ (clue: Water comes out of it.) 2) b reak   : ________________ (clue: This is a person who bakes cakes and breads.) 3) eat   : ________________ (clue: We drink it.) 26

4) beard  : ________________ (clue: We eat it for breakfast.) 5) rats   : ________________ (clue: They twinkle in the sky at night.) 6) stare   : ________________ (clue: When we feel sad, these come from our eyes.) Connect the Dots the Titanic Social Studies Fun Have you heard about the famous ship – the Titanic? Find out about the ship and how it sank. Science Fun We often get hurt while playing. A first-aid kit is very important. Find out about the things that should go into a first-aid kit. Prepare a first-aid kit if you don’t already have one. A Note to Parent Tell your child about the things that they should be careful about while playing, such as fire, knives, glass and so on. A Good Play 27

S4 Speaking Project Fairy tales Look at the pictures given below. These are pictures of a few famous fairy tales. You may or may not have read these stories. However, you can look at these pictures and create a story of your own. Get into groups of four and pick a picture. Create a new story around the picture by using your imagination! You can create a storyboard on a chart and draw more pictures too! Narrate your stories to the entire class. 28

R4 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Raju was a naughty boy. He enjoyed telling lies. His father told him that lying was a bad habit. But Raju did not stop making up stories. One day, he came running and shouted, ‘Please save me. There is a tiger here.’ All the villagers ran to help him. Raju laughed and said, ‘I tricked you. There is no tiger.’ The villagers were very angry with Raju. After a few days, Raju played the same trick again on the villagers. This time, they decided not to be fooled by him anymore. One day, when Raju was alone, he actually saw a tiger. He shouted for help. However, the villagers thought it was a joke and did not believe him. The tiger attacked Raju. Moral: One should never tell lies or trouble others. 1) What did Raju enjoy doing? Ans.   2) What did the villagers decide after Raju tricked them? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct word. a) ________________ is Raju. (This/Those) b) ________________ tiger attacked Raju. (These/That) c) ________________ villagers saved Raju. (That/These) 29

4) Write a word from the passage that is the opposite of the word ‘cried’. Ans.   5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) habit a) people who stay in a village 2) tricked b) something that we do regularly 3) villagers c) fooled Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. One day, a fisher went fishing in a river. He put his net into the river and waited. A small fish was caught in the net after a long time. So, he put the small fish into his bag. The fish spoke to him in a low voice, ‘Fisher, I am so small and will not be of any use to you now. Put me back in the water. After some days, I will come back to you when I grow bigger.’ The wise fisher said, ‘How can I be sure that I will catch you again? I am not putting you back into the water!’ 1) What did the fisher put into the river? Ans.   2) What got caught in the fisher’s net? Ans.   3) Complete the sentences so that the subjects and the verbs agree. a) The fisher ________________________ (throws/throw) a net into the river. b) A fish ________________________ (talk/talks) to the fisher. 30

c) The fishers ________________________ (put/puts) the fish in their baskets. 4) Write a word from the passage that means ‘someone who is clever and smart’. Ans.   5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) catch a) softly 2) wise b) get a hold of 3) in a low voice c) to have knowledge and to understand the difference between good and bad Reading Comprehension 31

Why are we studying this theme? Travel is the best way to know the world. The second-best way is to read. Read two stories and a poem about travel.

Lesson Tania Visits 13 Tanali Let Us Start Listen and say aloud The letters ‘se’ making the ‘z’ sound noise choose wise those cheese vase because rose Warm Up • Do you think that we can travel to lands far and away in our minds? • W hat kind of place would you like to visit? What would it be like? Wear your creative caps and share your thoughts. Let us read the story about a girl named Tania. She visits an imaginary place of her own creation. 33

I Read ‘I visited Kullu Manali during the Dussehra holidays. I saw the famous temple and…’ Shivani went on and on about the places she had visited, the food she ate, the hotel she stayed in and the fun she had. chatter Tania smiled at her classmate, but she secretly wished that Shivani would stop her chatter! How Tania wished to go on holidays like Shivani did. She wanted to visit all those far-off places with her parents. But Tania knew that this was not possible. Her parents worked very hard in a factory. They were not allowed to take even a single holiday. ‘Tania! So, like last time, this time too?’ Shivani asked Tania. ‘No, this time, we went on a holiday to a very beautiful place called Tanali.’ Shivani was surprised. ‘Tan… what?’ Just then, the bell rang. ‘Shivani, I will be late for my bus. I’ll tell you everything tomorrow. Bye.’ ‘So, where is Tanali?’ Rohan, Tania’s elder brother, asked her. ‘There is no Tanali. It is just my imagination. In our minds, we can create anything we like. Right?’ answered Tania. ‘Come and sit here with me’, said Rohan. He storeroom had taken out an old, red rug from the rug storeroom. ‘This is our magic carpet. On this magic carpet, we can fly to the land of our dreams: Tanali.’ carpet T ania’s face suddenly brightened. She jumped on to the carpet and sat down next to her brother. desert ‘OK, close your eyes’, he said. ‘Magic carpet, take us to Tanali!’ said Rohan loudly. ‘What do you see in Tanali, Princess Tania?’ mountains ‘I see jungles, lions and snakes. Look! I see mountains up there! I see a desert below! And I see the sea next to the desert!’ sea 34

Rohan was confused. ‘How can the mountains, desert and sea all be in one place?’ ‘They can be. Tanali can be whatever Tania wants it to be! It’s Tania’s Tanali’, said Tania with confidence. ‘So, what do you see now?’ confused ‘I see and smell the most delicious food in Tanali. Chaat, pakodi, laddoos, biryani, kheer.’ ‘What a place Tanali is!’ said Rohan. ‘Yes, it is much better than Shivani’s Manali. I have explored the world on my magic carpet. No one has a magic carpet like me!’ ‘Who has an imagination like Tania?’ asked Rohan. explored ‘No one but me!’ Tania kept clapping her hands and dancing around the red rug. ─ Surbhi Sarna Let Us Discuss 1) Where did Shivani go for the Dussehra holidays? 2) Where did Tania’s parents work? 3) Which place did Tania say she had visited? 4) How did Rohan and Tania visit Tanali? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word chatter rug storeroom Tania Visits Tanali 35

Word Meaning carpet mountains desert sea confused explored Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did Shivani tell Tania about her holidays? Ans.    2) What did Rohan say the old rug was? Where would it take them? Ans.    3) Which animals and landforms did Tania describe while talking about Tanali? Ans.    4) Mention the variety of food that Tania said was available in Tanali. Ans.    36

Exercise 3: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) H ow did Tania feel when Shivani was describing her holiday in Manali? Why do you think she felt that way? Ans.    2) Your friend is going to a tourist place for her holidays. You can’t go anywhere and can stay only at home. How can you make your holidays interesting and fun? Ans.    I Speak Public speaking Describe an imaginary place of your dreams that you would like to visit. Use the questions below: • What does the place look like? •  What kind of people are there? •  What do they wear? •  What do they eat? Role play In pairs, enact the conversation between Shivani and Tania or Tania and Rohan. You can add your own dialogues. The preparation time is five minutes. The presentation time will be two minutes. Tania Visits Tanali 37

Language Game Jumbled words Here are some jumbled words from the lesson. Team up with your partner and find out what these words are. The first pair to finish wins! Jumbled word Actual word Jumbled word Actual word 1)  ODHASLIY 2)  RDESTE 3)  ACPERT 4) GNIMATAIION 5)  TMNOUNAIS 6)  XOPEREL Connect the Dots Social Studies Fun The different shapes that land takes in different parts of the Earth are called ‘landforms’. Mountains, plateaus and valleys are types of landforms. Here is a picture of Kullu Valley. It is famous for its temples and apple orchards. Maths Fun Tania’s brother Rohan is 4 years older than her. If Tania is 8 years old, how old is Rohan? A Note to Parent Try to make holidays enjoyable for your child even if you cannot travel. Spend time with them. Take your child to meet your extended family and friends. Play board games and read books. Also, ensure that your child plays outside the house and gets ample physical activity. 38

Lesson The Lost Treasure 14 of Ramgarh Let Us Start Listen and say aloud Letters ‘-ed’ making the ‘d’ sound Letters ‘-ed’ making the ‘t’ sound called filled baked liked tuned rained packed wished Warm Up • Have you ever visited palaces, castles or forts? Did you know that a fort has strong walls so that nobody could enter them easily? • Imagine that you went to visit a fort and found a lost treasure. What would you do with the treasure? Let us read an interesting story about a family that discovers lost treasure in a fort. 39

I Read It was a steep and long climb to Ramgarh fort. ‘Come on children, we are almost there’, called Mummy to Ananya and Vihan. ‘Why is the road like this?’ asked Vihan as he huffed and puffed. ‘The road was made in such a huffed and puffed way that the elephants could only climb the hill steep slowly. It also prevented the elephants from breaking the main gate and entering the fort’, explained Daddy. ‘Amazing’, said Ananya. ‘Tell us more about Ramgarh fort’, said the children. ‘In olden times, it was a very wealthy kingdom. Once, there were whispers that an attack was being planned. The Maharaja secretly hid all his wealth. But before he whispers could tell anyone about it, he died. The treasure was never found.’ wealth Ananya and Vihan’s eyes widened with wonder. ‘What an exciting story! How we wish we could find it!’ they said. swords The children enjoyed seeing the fort. ‘Look at the shields heavy swords! And the shields!’ said Vihan. ‘The walls are very thick; no enemy could possibly break through them’, said Ananya. ‘See how the passages are dark and then suddenly there is light. The enemies would be blinded by it and would not be able to see’, said Mummy. ‘There were different halls for court matters; storerooms, guard rooms passages and stables. A secret well provided drinking water. The Maharaja’s room was large, airy and at the top of the fort’, informed Daddy. chimney The view from the windows was beautiful. As they went fireplace around the huge room, they saw a fireplace at one end. Suddenly, a lizard ran up into the chimney. Vihan went close to the fireplace and tried to see where the lizard 40

was. ‘Mummy, Daddy! Come quickly; there is a ledge in the chimney’, he shouted. Everyone rushed to where he was standing. There was a small ledge in the chimney just out of ledge sight. Daddy put his hand in and felt around it. ‘There seal is something kept here’, he said. He could feel a small package, which he carefully brought out. It was a small leather pouch with the royal seal on it. ‘Open it fast!’ begged Ananya. They opened it and found a gold coin with a letter containing instructions. ‘This must be part of the treasure!’ exclaimed the children exclaimed. Did Ananya and Vihan find the treasure? Yes, they did, but that is another story. Let Us Discuss 1) Which fort did the family visit? 2) Why did the Maharaja of Ramgarh secretly hide his wealth? 3) Why were the passages dark and then suddenly bright? 4) What did the package in the ledge look like? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word steep huffed and puffed prevented whispers wealth swords shields passages The Lost Treasure of Ramgarh 41

Word Meaning fireplace chimney ledge seal exclaimed I Speak ABC..., Show and tell With the help of your parents, collect four pictures of forts, palaces or castles that were made in olden days. Write two lines on each photograph. Share the pictures with your class. Tell your classmates what you like about them. Recitation (Individual) Learn this poem by Tony Mitton and recite it in class. Many Ways to Travel There are many ways to travel And one that I like, Is to zoom down a hill, On a mountain bike. There are many ways to travel And another that is nice, Is to slide on a sledge, On the snow and ice. There are many ways to travel And isn’t it fun, To sail on the sea, In the wind and Sun? There are many ways to travel But the best by far, Is to ride on a rocket, To a distant star! 42

Language Game Treasure hunt! Join the dots in the picture to form a beautiful fort. Colour it. Tell your partner, in five sentences, what you would do if you found buried treasure in this fort. Connect the Dots Social Studies Fun Did you know that the Ramgarh Fort is situated near Chandigarh? It is located about 12 km away from the railway station. The main entrance door of this fort is in the Limca Book of World Records for being the tallest door in the country at 37 feet. The fort is 360 years old. The fort has recently been transformed into a heritage hotel. Monuments are important because they tell us about the events that took place many years ago. They also show how people lived in olden days. Monuments also teach us about the culture and art that existed at that time. The Lost Treasure of Ramgarh 43

Science Fun Pollution has very harmful effects on monuments. The Taj Mahal, made of white marble, is slowly becoming yellow because of pollution. This is another reason why we should try to reduce pollution. A Note to Parent Talk to your child about the importance of taking care of historical monuments. Share with them your experiences of visiting these monuments, if any. Plan a Sunday trip along with your family to a place of historical significance. Involve your child in making decisions about the trip. 44

Lesson Aeroplane 15 Let Us Start Rhyming word ground Listen and say aloud cloud skies Word around loud rise Warm Up • Have you ever heard the sound of aeroplanes as they fly? • Can you name a few things and creatures that can fly? Let us read a poem about the enjoyable experience of flying high in an aeroplane. 45

I Read starter I press on the starter, brush The propeller whirls around. swoop My aeroplane and I Brush over the ground. I lift from the field, propeller whirls The motor roars out loud, Far below is the earth, Above me a bright cloud. I dip and I drop I swoop and I rise – Oh, it’s fun to be flying way up in the skies. dip (Source: transport-poems-for-children) Let Us Discuss 1) What does the poet press to begin flying the aeroplane? 2) Who brushes over the ground with what? 3) What is far below the poet? 4) What is above the poet? I Understand Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word starter propeller whirls 46

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