2 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX Program presents the latest version of the Magnolia series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. The Magnolia series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. Our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The larger aim of the curriculum regarding Mathematics teaching is to develop the abilities of a student to think and reason mathematically, pursue assumptions to their logical conclusion and handle abstraction. The Magnolia Mathematics textbooks and workbooks offer the following features: S tructured as per Bloom’s taxonomy to help organise the learning process according to the different levels involved S tudent engagement through simple, age-appropriate language S upported learning through visually appealing images, especially for grades 1 and 2 Increasing rigour in sub-questions for every question in order to scaffold learning for students W ord problems based on real-life scenarios, which help students to relate Mathematics to their everyday experiences Mental Maths to inculcate level-appropriate mental calculation skills S tepwise breakdown of solutions to provide an easier premise for learning of problem-solving skills Supplemental practice questions included at the end of each chapter, for revision and exam preparation Overall, the IMAX Magnolia Mathematics textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to enhance logical reasoning and critical thinking skills that are at the heart of Mathematics teaching and learning. – The Authors

Recall Aims at revising the prerequisite knowledge for the concept from the previous year/chapter/concept/term Remembering and Understanding Provides opportunities for practising the basic elements involved in the learning of the concept Application Applies the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life scenarios Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extends the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills Practice Questions Aims at revising the chapter with supplemental practice questions

1 Shapes 1 1.1 Identify the Geometrical Features of Objects 5 2 Patterns 12 15 2.1 Patterns Using Shapes 18 3 Numbers 24 3.1 Count by Hundreds 30 3.2 Ordinal Numbers 33 3.3 Compare 3-digit Numbers 4 Addition 4.1 Add 2-digit and 3-digit Numbers 5 Subtraction 5.1 Subtract 2-digit and 3-digit Numbers 5.2 Subtract Two 1-digit Numbers Mentally

Chapter 1 Shapes Concept 1.1: Identify the Geometrical Features of Objects Recall Multiple Choice Questions [ ] 1) This shape is a ____________. (D) square ] ] (A) rectangle (B) circle (C) triangle [ (D) circle 2) This shape is a ____________. [ (A) rectangle (B) triangle (C) square (D) circle 3) This shape is a ____________. (A) rectangle (B) triangle (C) square & Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions 4) A point is a ________________. [] (A) dot (B) line (C) curved line (D) straight line 5) A line has ______________ end points. [] (A) three (B) one (C) two (D) no 6) A ray is a part of a _________________. [] (A) curved line (B) line segment (C) straight line (D) point 1

Fill in the Blanks 7) Sleeping lines drawn from left to right or from right to left are called _______________________. 8) A straight line or a curved line is a __________________ figure. 9) A ________ has a starting point but no end point. Very Short Answer Questions 10) Is a line segment a part of a line? Solution: 11) Which figure can be extended only on one side? Solution: 12) Does a line have a breadth? Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) How many types of straight lines are there? Name them. Solution: 14) State whether the following figures are open or closed. a) b) Solution: Application Very Short Answer Question 15) How many equal sides does a square have? Solution: 2

Short Answer Questions 16) Identify the shape which has: a) no sides and no corners. b) three sides and three corners. Solution: 17) Observe the following shapes and tick the type of lines used to form them. S. No. Shape Straight lines Curved lines a) b) Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Draw the base of each of the following objects. Name the shapes formed. Object Base Name of the shape a) b) Shapes 3

Practice Questions 1) What is the shape of a TV? 2) What type of straight line is ? 3) Draw a line segment and name it as PQ. 4) Draw a rectangle using straight lines. 5) Draw a closed figure. 6) Which letter has two slanting lines and a horizontal line? 7) Which 2D shape has two slanting lines and a horizontal line? 8) How many corners does a rectangle have? 9) How many sides does a circle have? 10) Name the geometrical shape made by a duster. 4

Chapter 2 Patterns Concept 2.1: Patterns Using Shapes Recall Multiple Choice Questions 1) This shape is a __________. [] (A) rectangle (B) cube (C) circle (D) oval 2) This shape is a __________. [] (A) cylinder (B) cone (C) cube (D) rectangle 3) This shape is a __________. [] (A) cone (B) cuboid (C) cube (D) sphere 5

& Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions will be _______. 4) The next two shapes after [ ] (A) (B) (C) (D) 5) The next two shapes after will be _______. [ ] (A) (B) (C) (D) 6) The next two shapes after will be _______. [ ] (A) (B) (C) (D) Fill in the Blanks Complete the pattern for questions from 7 to 9. 7) 6

8) 9) Very Short Answer Questions 10) What are the repeated parts of patterns called? Solution: 11) Can we arrange different colours of the same shape to get a pattern? Solution: 12) Can we pick a basic shape from a pattern? Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Draw and colour the next two shapes in the given pattern. Solution: 14) Draw and colour the basic shapes in the given pattern. Solution: Patterns 7

Application Very Short Answer Question 15) What is the basic shape in the given pattern? Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) Draw the basic shapes in the following patterns. a) b) Solution: 8

17) Complete the following patterns. a) b) Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Complete the following patterns. a) 2A 4C 6E b) 15 13 11 Practice Questions ? 1) What is the name of the shape 2) What is the colour of the next box ? 3) What is missing in the pattern? T9 U8 V7 W6 X5 ? Patterns 9

4) Draw the basic shape in the given pattern. 5) Find the basic shape in the given pattern. 6) Find the missing shape in the pattern. ? 7) Draw the missing shape in the given pattern. ? 8) Compete the given pattern by colouring. (R - Red, G - Green, Y - Yellow) R GY R G? 10

9) What is missing in the pattern? 1A1 2A2 3B3 4B4 ? 10) Draw the basic shape in the given pattern. Patterns 11

Chapter 3 Numbers Concept 3.1: Count by Hundreds Recall Multiple Choice Questions [ ] 1) The smallest 2-digit number is ___________. [ ] (A) 11 (B) 10 (C) 99 (D) 21 [ ] 2) The largest 2-digit number is __________. (A) 01 (B) 10 (C) 90 (D) 99 3) The number name of 19 is __________. (A) nineteen (B) eighteen (C) nine (D) ninteen & Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions 4) 10 tens = _______ hundred(s) [] (A) 10 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 100 5) The place value of 4 in 243 is ____________. [] (A) three (B) four (C) forty (D) thirty 6) 50 tens = _____________ hundred(s) [] (A) 50 (B) 5 (C) 500 (D) 1 Fill in the Blanks 7) The number name of 346 is three hundred ____________________________. 8) 706 = 700 + ______________ + 6 12

9) The expanded form of the number 626 is _______________ + 20 + 6. Very Short Answer Questions 10) What is the place value of the digit 9 in the number 269? Solution: 11) Write the number name of the number shown by the following blocks. Solution: 12) Write the expanded form of 673. Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Write the expanded form of the number shown by the following blocks. Also, write its number name. Solution: b) 698 14) Write the number names of: a) 425 Solution: Numbers 13

Application Very Short Answer Question 15) Write the number which has 1 in the tens place, 2 in the hundreds place and 0 in the ones place. Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) In a test, Sohan got four hundred and twenty-five marks and Reema got two hundred and fifty-six marks. Isha got nine hundred and seventy-eight marks. Write their marks in numerals. Solution: 17) Ram has 1 note of ` 100 and 1 note of ` 10. How much money does he have in all? Write the amount in words. Solution: Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Show the sum of 3 tens and 1 ten on an abacus. Which spikes will be empty? Solution: 14

TO Concept 3.2: Ordinal Numbers Recall Multiple Choice Questions Look at the given colours and answers the questions from 1 to 3. Blue Yellow Red Green 1) The ________ rectangle is before the red rectangle. [] (A) black (B) blue (C) yellow (D) green [] 2) The ________ rectangle is after the yellow rectangle. [] (A) blue (B) green (C) yellow (D) red 3) The ________ rectangle is before the yellow rectangle. (A) green (B) blue (C) yellow (D) red & Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions 4) The short form of the ordinal number sixth is _______. [ ] (A) 6th (B) six (C) 6 (D) all of these Numbers 15

5) The ordinal number of 9 is ________. [ ] (A) nine (B) ninth (C) 9 (D) all of these 6) The ordinal number of 7 is ___________. [] (A) 7 (B) seven (C) seventh (D) all of these Fill in the Blanks Blue Black White 7) The black star is in the ____________ position. 8) The blue star is in the ___________ position. 9) The white star is in the ____________ position. Very Short Answer Questions 10) What is the short form of the ordinal number ‘eighth’? Solution: 11) What is the ordinal number of 10? Solution: 12) What is the cardinal number of the ordinal number ‘second’? Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Write the ordinal numbers from one to five. Solution: 14) Write the ordinal number and the short form of each of these numbers. a) 6 b) 9 Solution: 16

Application Very Short Answer Question 15) Which is the first letter in the word ‘India’? Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) Kannan, Amin and Mithun participated in a gymnastic Amin competition. Kannan Mithun They stood on the positions as given in the picture. a) At which position is Kannan? b) What is Mithun’s position? Solution: 17) The bags of different students are kept in a line. Rohit Ankit Rahul Amit Vipul a) What is the position of Rahul’s bag from the left? b) What is the position of Amit’s bag from the right? Solution: Numbers 17

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) In a running race, Rohan was behind Sanah. Pooja was in front of Sanah. Jeet was behind Rohan. Who came third in the race? Solution: Concept 3.3: Compare 3-digit Numbers Recall Multiple Choice Questions Compare and choose the proper sign. 1) [] [] (A) > (B) < (C) = (D) || [] (B) < (C) = (D) || 2) 5 ______ 5 (B) < (C) = (D) || (A) > 3) 8 ______ 7 (A) > 18

& Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions 4) A 2-digit number is always __________ a 3-digit number. [] (A) less than (B) greater than (C) equal to (D) the same as 5) While comparing two 3-digit numbers, compare the tens when the digits in the _________ place are equal. [] (A) ones (B) tens (C) hundreds (D) all of these 6) While comparing 312 and 323, we compare the tens place because _________. [ ] (A) 1 ten is less than 2 tens (B) 2 ones are less than 3 ones. (C) the digits in the hundreds place of both the numbers are the same. (D) the digits in the ones place of both numbers are different. Fill in the Blanks Compare and choose the correct sign (<, >, =). 7) 524 ___________ 542 8) 9) 353 _______ 228 Very Short Answer Questions 10) Which of the numbers is greater: 565 or 456? Solution: Numbers 19

11) Which of the numbers is smaller: 412 or 214? Solution: 12) To compare 237 and 437, the digits in which place have to be considered? Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Compare: a) 329 and 325 b) 901 and 899 Solution: 14) Find the smaller number in the following pairs of number: a) 576 or 367 b) 892 and186 Solution: Application Very Short Answer Question 15) Write the given numbers in ascending order: 200, 100, 300, 400 Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) Sania has 3 books, Harry Potter, Quidditch and Percy Jackson. The number of pages for each book are given below: Harry Potter: 353 pages, Quidditch: 144 pages, Percy Jackson: 400 pages S he wants to start reading the book with the least number of pages. Which book will she start reading? 20

Solution: 17) Form the largest and smallest 3-digit numbers using the digits 2, 6 and 4 only once. Solution: Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Using 2 different digits with repetition, form the following: a) greatest 3-digit number b) smallest 3-digit number Solution: Numbers 21

Practice Questions 1) On an abacus, the hundreds spike has 3 beads and the ones spike has 9 beads. The tens place has 0 beads. What is the number? 2) What is the place value of the underlined digit in 452? 3) Write the standard forms of: a) 300 + 20 + 0 b) 400 + 10 + 0 c) 200 + 30 + 1 4) Write the expanded forms of: a) 298 b) 462 c) 112 5) What is the face value of a digit if its place value is 90? 6) Riya has ` 193 and Rama has ` 201. Help them write the amounts in words. 7) On an abacus, Sushil put 3 beads in the ones spike, 0 beads in the tens spike and 4 beads in the hundreds spike. What is the number? 8) The roll numbers of two friends are 398 and 387. Write these numbers in words. 9) Find the ordinal numbers of: a) 2 b) 4 c) 9 10) If the short form of tenth is 10th, a) what is its ordinal number? b) what is its cardinal number? 11) There are ten shelves in a rack. The top shelf has a book, the next has 2 books, the next has 3 books and so on. Which shelf will have 4 books? Give the answer as an ordinal number. 12) Write the cardinal numbers of: a) 9th b) 4th c) 7th 13) In the word MATHS, which letter is in the 5th place? 14) Which is the 2nd letter in the word BOOK? 15) Which number is greater: 8 or 0? 16) Compare: a) 42 and 24 b) 21 and 23 c) 11 and 10 17) Which number is smaller: 872 or 871? 18) Number A has 2 in the tens place, 3 in the hundreds place and 6 in the ones place. Number B has 2 in the hundreds place, 1 in the tens place and 9 in the ones place. Which number is greater? 22

19) Arrange the numbers in ascending and descending order – a) 87, 381, 892, 019 b) 421, 26, 32, 119 c) 108, 183, 41, 42 20) Form the greatest and the smallest numbers from the digits – a) 1, 0, 7 b) 2, 3, 4 c) 9, 0, 8 Numbers 23

Chapter 4 Addition Concept 4.1: Add 2-digit and 3-digit Numbers Recall Multiple Choice Questions Add and choose the correct number for the sum. 1) is _______. [ ] (A) 31 (B) 27 (C) 28 (D) 7 2) (B) 12 (C) 0 is _______. [ ] (A) 24 (B) 23 (D) 23 3) (C) 22 is _______. [ ] (A) 10 (D) 36 24

& Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions [] 4) The sum of 25 and 25 is __________. [] (A) 50 (B) 25 (C) 0 (D) 75 [] 5) Which is the missing digit in: 45 + 48 = ______3? (A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 0 (D) 9 6) The sum of 300 and 500 is __________. (A) 500 (B) 280 (C) 520 (D) 800 Fill in the Blanks 7) 22 + 38 = 38 + __________ 8) We regroup the sum if the sum of the digits is equal to or more than _________. 9) While adding two numbers, always start from the _______________ place. Very Short Answer Questions 10) Should we regroup if the sum of the digits is 9? Solution: 11) What is the sum of 78 and 0? Solution: 12) 16 + 13 = 13 + 16 = 29. What property does this addition statement show? Solution: Addition 25

Short Answer Questions b) 14 and 16 13) Add vertically: a) 28 and 18 TO Solution: TO + 28 +1 8 14) Solve using vertical addition. Solution: H TO + Application Very Short Answer Question 15) There are 11 cows on a farm. The owner moves 19 more cows to the farm. How many cows are there on the farm? 26

Solution: TO + So, there are ____________ cows on the farm. Short Answer Questions 16) Team A scored 413 runs in the first innings. Team B scored 222 runs. How many runs did they score in all? Solution: H TO + So, Team A and Team B scored __________ runs in all. 17) A parking lot had 215 cars parked. Another parking lot had 214 cars. How many cars were parked in both the parking lots? Solution: H TO + So, _________ cars were parked in both the parking lots. Addition 27

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Given 46 + 45 = 91, frame a question. Solution: Practice Questions 1) What is the sum of 12 and 14? 2) Find the sum of 10 and 22. 3) Find the digit in the tens place in the sum of 34 and 11. 4) Add 67 and 23. 5) Solve: 29 + 28 6) Find the sum of 32 and 48. 7) What is the sum when 45 is added to 45? 8) Add 139 and 120. 9) What is the digit in the hundreds place in the addition of 376 and 123? 10) Find the sum of 235 and 422. 11) According to the zero property of addition, what is the sum when 87 is added to 0? 12) Is the sum the same when 12 is added to 19 and 19 is added to 12? 13) What number will you get when 1 is added to 88? 14) Add: 878 and 111 15) Given 65 + 10 = 75 and 10 + 65 = 75, which property of addition do the numbers 65 and 10 show? 28

16) Peter sold 43 ice creams and Ram sold 48. Find the total number of ice creams they both sold. 17) At the billing counters in a grocery shop, 12 people stood in one line and 18 in another. How many total people stood in both the lines? 18) In a school, there are 239 students in Grade 1 and 230 students in Grade 2. What is the total number of students in both the grades? 19) A school library has 481 storybooks and 418 poetry books. How many total books are there in the library? 20) Frame a word problem in which 34 is added to 57. Addition 29

Chapter 5 Subtraction Concept 5.1: Subtract 2-digit and 3-digit Numbers Recall Multiple Choice Questions [] 1) The difference between 45 and 5 is _______. [] (A) 45 (B) 50 (C) 5 (D) 40 2) is _______. (A) 7 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 23 [] 3) The difference between 11 and 11 is _________. (A) 22 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 11 [] [] & Remembering and Understanding Multiple Choice Questions 4) While subtracting, we always begin from the ______ place. (A) left (B) hundreds (C) tens (D) ones 5) Write the missing number: 35 – 17 = __8 (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 0 (D) 1 30

6) Find the missing number in the following: [] H TO 441 –1 1 1 3 3 ––– (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 0 Fill in the Blanks 7) While subtracting the digits in the ones place, we write its difference in the ___________ place. 8) 1 ten = ______ ones 9) When we subtract 1 from a number, we get the number that is ________ it. Very Short Answer Questions 10) What is zero property of subtraction? Solution: 11) Subtract: 27 – 27 Solution: 12) Subtract: 46 – 1 Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Subtract: a) 26 from 73 b) 235 from 589 Solution: a) TO b) H T O –– Subtraction 31

14) Solve: a) 46 – 28 b) 382 – 119 Solution: a) TO b) H T O –– Application Very Short Answer Question 15) There are 50 cones in a jar. 30 cones were removed. How many cones are left in the jar? Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) There are 420 sticks in one box and 256 sticks in another box. How many fewer sticks does the second box have? Solution: 17) A tailor had 854 dresses to stitch, out of which he stitched 243 dresses. How many dresses remain to be stitched? Solution: 32

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) There were 123 ants in an anthill out of which 112 ants went out in search of food. How many ants were remaining in the anthill? Solution: Concept 5.2: Subtract Two 1-digit Numbers Mentally Recall Multiple Choice Questions [] 1) Write the missing number: ___, 18, 19, 20 [] (A) 16 (B) 15 (C) 21 (D) 17 [] 2) Write the missing number: 33, 34, ____, 36, 37 (A) 30 (B) 32 (C) 35 (D) 39 3) Write the missing number: 55, 56, 57, ____ (A) 58 (B) 59 (C) 62 (D) 57 Subtraction 33

& Remembering and Understanding [] [] Multiple Choice Questions [] 4) The difference between 9 and 2 is _________. (A) 8 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 6 5) The difference between 8 and 3 is _________. (A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 3 (D) 2 6) The difference between 7 and 6 is _________. (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 9 Fill in the Blanks 7) The difference between 3 and 2 is ______. 8) The difference between 5 and 3 is ______. 9) The difference between 3 and 3 is ______. Very Short Answer Questions 10) Solve mentally: 6 – 6 Solution: 11) Solve mentally: 0 – 0 Solution: 12) Solve mentally: 5 – 2 Solution: Short Answer Questions 13) Solve mentally: a) 8 – 8 b) 9 – 7 Solution: 14) Solve mentally: a) 5 – 1 b) 7 – 2 Solution: 34

Application Very Short Answer Question 15) Buddha has 6 chocolates. He did not distribute any chocolates among his friends. How many chocolates are left? Solution: Short Answer Questions 16) Out of 7 days in a week, Ramya studied for 2 days. For how many days she did not study? Solution: 17) C handa has 4 jars. She filled 1 jar with coins. How many jars are empty? Solution: Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 18) Seema had 2 sticks in one hand and 3 sticks in the other. She gave 4 sticks to Meena. How many sticks were left with Seema? Solution: Subtraction 35

Practice Questions 1) What is the difference between 23 and 3? 2) Find the difference between 8 and 8. 3) Subtract 89 from 90. 4) Solve: 85 – 76 5) What is the difference between 984 and 111? 6) Solve: 768 – 234 7) Subtract 435 from 888. 8) What is the difference when 0 is subtracted from 381? 9) Find the difference between the numbers 412 and 1. 10) Solve: 871 – 230 11) Freida has 43 chocolates. She gave away 29. How many chocolates are left? 12) There were 456 pebbles lying on the floor. Sushil collected 213 pebbles and put them in a jar. How many pebbles are still lying on the floor? 13) Nisha has ` 687. She purchased a few items worth ` 187. How much is left? 14) A repair service shop repaired 429 vehicles that included cars and bikes. Out of these, 220 were bikes. How many cars were repaired? 15) Frame a word problem if 20 is subtracted from 50. 16) Subtract 8 from 9 mentally. 17) Solve mentally: 4 from 7 18) Subtract 0 from 8 mentally. 19) 3 squirrels were running on a branch of a tree. 1 squirrel jumped on another tree. How many squirrels were left on the first branch? Solve mentally. 20) Arbaaz bought 6 bananas. He ate 2 of them. How many bananas are left? Solve mentally. 36

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