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Published by IMAX, 2022-01-04 08:31:28



Read the Text Version

ENGLISH TEXTBOOK – PART 2 3 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________

Preface ClassKlap partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. ClassKlap presents the latest version of this series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. This series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. Our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. Listening, speaking, reading and writing (LSRW) are fundamental skills for any language skills, and students’ mastery over them is key to success at school. All these skills frequently need to be used together. Therefore, the English textbooks and workbooks strive to provide adequate opportunities for students to practise all the four LSRW skills. To this effect, the English textbooks and workbooks offer the following features:  T heme-based literature pieces across classes 1-5  S amples of Indian writing in English as well as popular English literature pieces from western countries  P ictures for word meanings in each lesson to help students with visual clues for new or difficult words  Supplementary literature pieces (without questions and answers) to enable additional reading  A speaking project and two reading comprehension passages in each unit to further hone speaking and reading skills  H orizontal and vertical progression across grades for the grammar concepts covered in the workbooks, providing a spiral of cumulative learning  S amples of format-based writing to provide for scaffolding of learning of formal writing Overall, the ClassKlap English textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to generate greater engagement with and enhance fluency in English language communication and empower students to develop a genuine appreciation of the language and its literature.  – The Authors

Textbook Features Listen and Say Aloud Warm Up Activities and questions to prepare Interesting questions to arouse students to focus on pronunciation and curiosity about the lesson help teachers to introduce the lesson Reading the Text Variety of literature pieces (prose/ poetry/drama) Questions after the literature piece for quick check of understanding Understanding the Text Questions to check comprehension of the literature piece – 'Literature comprehension' and 'Value-based questions' are only a part of detailed lessons Speaking Task Activities for students to speak individually or in pairs or groups on a theme-related topic

3Class 7 The Cracked Pot �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 8 Babasaheb ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 9 The Art of Cooking �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 S3 Speaking Project ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16 R3 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 10 The Adventures of the Singh Family ���������������������������������������������������� 20 11 Aeroplane ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26 12 Tania Visits Tanali ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30 S4 Speaking Project ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34 R4 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 Glossary ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38

7 The Cracked Pot Heritage Listen and Say Aloud Words with silent ‘b’ Words with silent ‘h’ climb lamb hour ghost thumb comb honest rhyme The above table has words with silent letters. The letters are not pronounced when these words are spoken. Warm Up Look at the pictures given below. • Do you like the objects in the pictures? What do you think they are made of? • Do you know that these objects are made from things that we throw away? Does that surprise you? Why or why not? Let us now read the story of a pot that thought that it was of no use because it had a crack. 1

Reading the Text  There was an old water bearer. She carried two pots to a stream to fetch water every day. She carried them on two ends of a stick, hung across her back. One pot was cracked, while the stream fetch water bearer other was perfect. The cracked pot felt sad as half the water leaked out of it. It felt that it was not doing its work properly. After two years, the cracked pot could not stop itself and spoke to the old woman. ‘I am ashamed of myself!’ it said. leaked The old woman was surprised to hear this and asked the pot, ‘What are you ashamed of?’ ‘I do not serve you well. I only do half of my job. I am sure that your master is unhappy with you. You cannot bring back two full pots of water because of me. You should throw me away.’ The old woman listened silently. ‘Have you noticed your side of the path while returning home every day?’ she asked after a while. ‘You should take a look when we return tomorrow.’ The next morning, as they returned from the stream, the cracked pot blaming was surprised. It saw the most beautiful and colourful flowers on its side of the path. It realised that it had not noticed these wonderful flowers. It was always busy feeling unhappy and blaming itself. The old woman said, ‘Did you notice that there are flowers only on your side? That is because I knew you were cracked. So, I planted seeds on your side of the path. You have been watering the plants every day. I collect these flowers scent and use them to decorate my master’s house. The master looks at these flowers and smells their scent. The flowers make him happy. If you hadn’t 2

been just the way you are, you would not have brought beauty and happiness to this house.’ We are all like the cracked pot. We are not perfect. But we can still do wonderful things and make a difference to the world. – Adapted from a Chinese folktale Let Us Discuss 1) How many pots did the water bearer carry every day? 2) Why was one of the pots ashamed of itself? 3) What did the cracked pot see on its side of the road? 4) How did the master feel when he saw the flowers? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word water bearer stream fetch leaked ashamed blaming scent The Cracked Pot 3

Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Where did the water bearer go to fetch water? How did she carry the water back? Ans.    2) Why was the pot surprised the next day? Ans.    3) Why hadn’t the pot noticed the wonderful flowers? Ans.    Exercise 3: Read and answer Read the sentences and arrange them in the order of the events in the story. • The pot saw the most beautiful and colourful flowers on its side. • The cracked pot felt sad as half the water leaked out of it. • T he cracked pot told the woman that it was ashamed of itself. • T he old woman said that she planted seeds on the pot’s side of the path. The pot used to water the plants as the woman walked down the path. • The old woman asked the pot to observe the path she took. 4

Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you think the old woman was clever and observant? Ans.     2) ‘We are all like the cracked pot. We are not perfect. But we can still do wonderful things and make a difference to the world.’ What do you understand by this statement? Do you agree with it? Give reasons. Ans.     Speaking Task Pair discussion We have just read a story about how to feel happy being who we are. One way to feel good about ourselves is to do nice things for other people. Saying positive things to each other is another way. Get into pairs. In the space provided, write a few positive things about your partner and share it with them. Listen to them share some nice things about you too. The Cracked Pot 5


8 Babasaheb Heritage Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word dreams seems school rule shame mind them kind Warm Up • Do you think we should mistreat our friends because of who they are? Why or why not? • Imagine if people treated you poorly and did not let you do things that you want to do, how would you feel? Give reasons for your answer. 7

Let us read a poem about BR Ambedkar who was lovingly called ‘Babasaheb’. He fought for the people who were mistreated or unfairly treated in society because of the caste-system present in India. caste system: It is a system present in our society that decides the mistreated status of a person on the basis of the family they were born into. This system can be used to treat those who do not belong to higher castes unjustly or wrongly. Reading the Text Once there lived a boy strict Who had big dreams. attentive Big people mocked and said, ‘He wants to be one of us, it seems.’ They would not talk to him Nor sit with him at school. No water for him, no friends That was the strict rule. His parents were shamed And no one would touch them. The boy protested well, He would not go through such shame! He studied and learnt With a most attentive mind. He grew up to be Babasaheb, The only one of his kind. – Torsa Saha 8

Let Us Discuss 1) What kind of dreams did the boy have? 2) What did the people do to him? 3) How were his parents treated? 4) What did the boy do when he was treated unfairly? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word mistreated unfairly unjustly mocked strict protested attentive Babasaheb Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What would the big people say? Ans.   Babasaheb 9

2) What was the strict rule? Ans.   3) Who did the boy grow up to become? Ans.   Exercise 3: Read and answer All of us have rights and responsibilities. Given below are some of them. Arrange them in the correct columns given below. • I should not tease others. • I should be allowed to go to school. • I should be free to share my thoughts. • I should be helpful and careful. • I should be given a safe environment. • I should respect people who are different from me. • I should have a decent home. • I should not hit or get angry with others. Rights Responsibilities 1) a) 2) b) 3) c) 4) d) 10

Exercise 4: Value-based question – Judgement and appreciation 1) How do you think the boy felt when he was mistreated at school? Ans.    2) Why do you think we should treat everyone equally and with respect? Also explain how we can do so. Ans.    Speaking Task ABC..., Show and tell Divide your class into pairs. Then find information on Babasaheb Ambedkar and collect pictures. Prepare a presentation and speak about it in class. Babasaheb 11

9 The Art of Cooking Listen and Say Aloud Words with silent ‘k’ Words with silent ‘l’ Words with silent ‘t’ Words with silent ‘w’ listen answer knee walk often sword know half The above table has words with silent letters. The silent letters are not pronounced when these words are spoken. Warm Up • What do you do when you are hungry? • H ave you ever cooked a dish? Name the dish and share your experience of cooking it. Let us read and learn how to make a healthy and delicious snack that you can have when you are hungry. 12

Reading the Text Cooking is an art. We just need to get the right mix of ingredients to make a delicious dish out of them! Cooking is a lesson in patience and creativity. At the same time, cooking is so much fun! We can pick up raw materials and follow the given instructions. Or we can see what the kitchen has in store and come up with a recipe of our own. Either way, cooking always develops one’s taste for different kinds of dishes. Today, let us learn a simple recipe for an evening snack. Jhaal muri is vendor a very popular dish in the eastern states of India. You can commonly find street vendors selling it. It is also prepared at home as an evening snack. ‘Jhaal’ means hot or spicy, and ‘muri’ is puffed rice. Here is how you can make it at home. Ingredients 1) two cups of puffed rice 2) three onions, two tomatoes, one carrot, two green chillies and fresh coconut 3) two tablespoons of mustard oil 4) a pinch of red chilli powder, half a teaspoon of cumin powder and salt to taste 5) a handful of sev mix 6) a few sprigs of coriander, one lemon and black salt to taste Process With the help of an older person in your house, chop the onions, tomatoes, carrot, coconut flesh and green chillies into tiny pieces. Take two cups of puffed rice in a mixing bowl. Add two tablespoons of mustard oil. Mix it well. Now, add the chopped vegetables to the bowl and stir the mixture. Sprinkle pinches of red chilli powder, cumin powder and salt to taste. Stir the mixture again. Then, take smaller bowls and transfer the mixture into them. Garnish it with sev mix, lemon juice, black salt and coriander leaves. sprinkle Your jhaal muri is ready to be served and enjoyed! stir The Art of Cooking 13

Let Us Discuss 1) What does one need to make a delicious dish? 2) What do you call cumin powder in your language? 3) Where is jhaal muri popular? 4) How many ingredients do you need to make jhaal muri? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word patience raw vendors sprigs stir sprinkle garnish Speaking Task ABC..., Show and tell Every family has a favourite dish. Make the dish with the help of an adult at home. Write down the ingredients and use the cooking verbs to write the process in the space provided. Then, share them with your classmates. You can even get the dish to school for everyone to taste! 14

Ingredients: Time: Serving: Process: The Art of Cooking 15

S3 Speaking Project Find out about an interesting festival that is celebrated outside the state you live in. Give a small speech about this festival in front of your classmates. Collect information on the following topics (draw or paste a picture or write notes). food clothes   tradition   gifts     16

R3 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Once, there lived a blind man in a small town. He carried a lighted lamp in his hand whenever he went out at night. One night, a group of men were walking on the same path. They saw the blind man and made fun of him. They said, ‘O blind man, why do you carry the lamp? You are blind and cannot see anything.’ The blind man politely said, ‘This lamp is not for me but for those who have eyes. You may not see a blind man in your path and may collide with him.’ Upon hearing this, the men felt ashamed and asked for forgiveness. 1) What did the blind man carry when he went out at night? Ans.   2) What did the group of men do when they saw the blind man? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct articles (‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’ ). a) The blind man took ____________ hour to finish his work. b) Bring me _______________ lamp that the blind man is carrying. 17

c) There is _____________ blind man walking in the street. 4) What is an antonym of ‘polite’? Ans.   5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  polite a)  crash into someone or something 2)  ashamed b)  well mannered 3)  collide c)  felt sorry about an action Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Raju was a naughty boy. He enjoyed telling lies. His father told him that lying was a bad habit. But Raju did not stop making up stories. One day, he came running and shouted, ‘Please save me. There is a tiger here.’ All the villagers ran to help him. Raju laughed and said, ‘I tricked you. There is no tiger.’ The villagers were very angry with Raju. After a few days, Raju played the same trick again on the villagers. This time, they decided not to be fooled by him anymore. One day, when Raju was alone, he actually saw a tiger. He shouted for help. However, the villagers thought it was a joke and did not believe him. The tiger attacked Raju. Moral: One should never tell lies and trouble others. 1) What did Raju enjoy doing? Ans.   18

2) What did the villagers decide after Raju tricked them? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct words. a) ________________ is Raju. (This/Those) b) ________________ tiger attacked Raju. (These/That) c) ________________ villagers saved Raju. (That/These) 4) Write a word from the passage that is the opposite of the word ‘cried’. Ans.   5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  habit a)  people who stay in a village 2)  tricked b)  something that we do a lot 3)  villagers c)  fooled Reading Comprehension 19

10 The Adventures of the Singh Family Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud Words with the hard ‘g’ sound Words with the soft ‘g’ sound goat flag cage bridge eagle good giraffe huge The table above has words with the hard ‘g’ sound (like ‘g’ in ‘gas’) and the soft ‘g’ sound (like ‘g’ in ‘page’). Warm Up • Have you ever visited palaces, castles or forts? Did you know that a fort has strong walls so that nobody could enter them easily? • Imagine that you went to visit a fort and found a lost treasure. What would you do with the treasure? Let us read an interesting story about a family that discovers lost treasure in a fort. 20

Reading the Text The Singh family is on their summer vacation. They are visiting the Ramgarh fort in Chandigarh. It was a steep and long climb to the fort. ‘Come on children, we are almost there’, called Mummy to Noor and Aman. steep ‘Why is the road like this?’ asked Aman as he huffed and puffed. ‘The road was made in such a way that the huffed and puffed elephants could only climb the hill slowly. It also prevented the elephants from breaking the main gate and entering the fort’, explained Daddy. ‘Amazing’, said Noor. ‘Tell us more about Ramgarh fort’, said the children. wealth ‘In olden times, it was a very wealthy kingdom. whispers Once, there were whispers that an attack was being planned. The Maharaja secretly hid all his wealth. But before he could tell anyone about it, he died. The treasure was never found.’ swords Noor and Aman’s eyes widened with wonder. shields ‘What an exciting story! How we wish we could passage find it!’ they said. The children enjoyed seeing the fort. ‘Look at the heavy swords! And the shields!’ said Aman. ‘The walls are very thick; no enemy could possibly break through them’, said Noor. ‘See how the passages are dark and then suddenly there is light. The enemies would be blinded by it and would not be able to see’, said Mummy. The Adventures of the Singh Family 21

‘There were different halls for court matters, storerooms, guard rooms and stables. A secret well provided drinking water. The Maharaja’s room was large, airy and at the top of the fort’, informed Daddy. The view from the windows was beautiful. As they went fireplace around the huge room, they saw a fireplace at one end. chimney Suddenly, a lizard ran up into the chimney. Aman went close to the fireplace and tried to see where the lizard was. ‘Mummy, Daddy! Come quickly; there is a ledge in the chimney’, he shouted. Everyone rushed to where he was standing. T here was a small ledge in the chimney just out of sight. Daddy put his hand in and felt around it. ‘There ledge is something kept here’, he said. He could feel a small package, which he carefully brought out. It was a small seal leather pouch with the royal seal on it. ‘Open it fast!’ begged Noor. They opened it and found a gold coin with a letter containing instructions. ‘This must be part of the treasure!’ the children exclaimed. exclaimed Did Noor and Aman find the treasure? Yes, they did, but that is another story. Let Us Discuss 1) Which fort did the family visit? 2) What did the Maharaja hide? 3) What did the children enjoy seeing? 4) What did they find in the chimney? 22

Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Meaning Word steep huffed and puffed prevented whispers wealth swords shields passages fireplace chimney ledge seal exclaimed Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Why was the road to the fort steep and long? Ans.   2) Why were the passages dark and then suddenly bright? Ans.   The Adventures of the Singh Family 23

3) Describe the rooms in the fort. Ans.    Exercise 3: Read and answer Read the sentences and write whether they are true or false. 1) T he road to Ramgarh Fort was made in such a way that elephants could climb the hill quickly. ________________ 2) In olden days, Ramgarh was a very wealthy kingdom. ________________ 3) The passages in the fort were dark. ________________ 4) The Maharaja’s room was large, airy and at the top of the fort. ________________ 5) The family opened the leather pouch and found many gold coins in it. ________________ Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you think the fort was well protected? Ans.     24

2) Do you think the family found the treasure? Where do you think the treasure was hidden? Ans.     Speaking Task Recitation (Individual) Learn this poem by Tony Mitton and recite it in class. Many Ways to Travel There are many ways to travel And one that I like, Is to zoom down a hill, On a mountain bike. There are many ways to travel And another that is nice, Is to slide on a sledge, On the snow and ice. There are many ways to travel And isn’t it fun, To sail on the sea, In the wind and Sun? There are many ways to travel But the best by far, Is to ride on a rocket, To a distant star! The Adventures of the Singh Family 25

11 Aeroplane Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word around ground cloud loud skies rise Warm Up • Have you ever heard the sound of aeroplanes as they fly? • Can you name a few things and creatures that can fly? Let us read a poem about the enjoyable experience of flying high in an aeroplane. 26

Reading the Text starter I press on the starter, brush The propeller whirls around. swoop My aeroplane and I Brush over the ground. I lift from the field, propeller The motor roars out loud, Far below is the earth, Above me a bright cloud. I dip and I drop dip I swoop and I rise – Oh, it’s fun to be flying way up in the skies. (Source: transport-poems-for-children) Let Us Discuss 1) What does the poet press to begin flying the aeroplane? 2) Who brushes over the ground with what? 3) What is far below the poet? 4) What is above the poet? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word starter propeller Aeroplane 27

Word Meaning brush dip swoop Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) When and how does the motor roar? Ans.   2) How does the poet fly way up in the skies? Ans.   3) According to the poet, what is fun? Ans.   Exercise 3: Read and answer In the poem, around and ground, loud and cloud are rhyming words. Find two rhyming words for the following words. 1) whirl: _________________________ _________________________ 2) brush: _________________________ _________________________ 3) roar: _________________________ _________________________ 4) drop: _________________________ _________________________ 5) rise: _________________________ _________________________ 28

Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Imagine that you could fly an aeroplane like the poet. How would you feel? Write your thoughts in two or three sentences. Ans.    2) If you were given wings for a day, what would you do? Ans.    Speaking Task Group activity Your teacher will ask a student to go in front of the class and perform a few actions. Look at the student. From the list given below, guess which of the actions they are doing. Make sentences using these words or phrases. Read them aloud in class. Actions: •  shake hands •  frown •  stretch •  yawn •  wave •  sit with arms crossed Aeroplane 29

12 Tania Visits Tanali Listen and Say Aloud Letters ‘-ed’ Letters ‘-ed’ Letters ‘gh’ making Letters ‘ph’ making making the ‘d’ making the ‘t’ the ‘f’ sound the ‘f’ sound sound sound rough alphabet called liked enough elephant rained packed Warm Up • Do you think that we can travel to lands far and away in our minds? • What kind of place would you like to visit? What would it be like? Wear your creative caps and share your thoughts. Let us read the story about a girl named Tania. She visits a fantasy land using her imagination. 30

Reading the Text ‘I visited Kullu Manali during the Dussehra holidays. I saw the famous temple and…’ Shivani went on and on about the places she had visited, the food she ate, the hotel she stayed in and the fun she had. chatter Tania smiled at her classmate, but she secretly wished that Shivani would stop her chatter! How Tania wished to go on holidays like Shivani did. She wanted to visit all those far-off places with her parents. But Tania knew that this was not possible. Her parents worked very hard in a factory. They were not allowed to take even a single holiday. ‘Tania! So, like last time, this time too . . .?’ Shivani asked Tania. ‘No, this time, we went on a holiday to a very beautiful place called Tanali.’ Shivani was surprised. ‘Tan… what?’ Just then, the bell rang. ‘Shivani, I will be late for my bus. I’ll tell you everything tomorrow. Bye.’ ‘So, where is Tanali?’ Rohan, Tania’s elder brother, asked her. ‘There is no Tanali. It is just my imagination. In our minds, we can create anything we like. Right?’ answered Tania. ‘Come and sit here with me’, said Rohan. He storeroom had taken out an old, red rug from the rug storeroom. ‘This is our magic carpet. On this magic carpet, we can fly to the land of our dreams: Tanali.’ carpet T ania’s face suddenly brightened. She jumped on desert to the carpet and sat down next to her brother. ‘OK, close your eyes’, he said. ‘Magic carpet, take us to Tanali!’ said Rohan loudly. ‘What do you see in Tanali, Princess Tania?’ mountains ‘I see jungles, lions and snakes. Look! I see sea mountains up there! I see a desert below! And I see the sea next to the desert!’ Tania Visits Tanali 31

Rohan was confused. ‘How can the mountains, desert and sea all be in one place?’ ‘They can be. Tanali can be whatever Tania wants it to be! It is Tania’s Tanali’, said Tania with confidence. ‘So, what do you see now?’ ‘I see and smell the most delicious food in Tanali. Chaat, pakodi, confused laddoos, biryani, kheer.’ ‘What a place Tanali is!’ said Rohan. ‘Yes, it is much better than Shivani’s Manali. I have explored the world on my magic carpet. No one has a magic carpet like me!’ ‘Who has an imagination like Tania?’ asked Rohan. explored ‘No one but me!’ Tania kept clapping her hands and dancing around the red rug. – Surbhi Sarna Let Us Discuss 1) Where did Shivani go for the Dussehra holidays? 2) Where did Tania’s parents work? 3) Which place did Tania say she had visited? 4) How did Rohan and Tania visit Tanali? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word chatter rug storeroom 32

Word Meaning carpet mountains desert sea confused explored Speaking Task Role play In pairs, enact the conversation between Shivani and Tania or Tania and Rohan. You can add your own dialogues. The preparation time is five minutes. The presentation time will be two minutes. Tania Visits Tanali 33

S4 Speaking Project Create a mini-project about the place that you want to visit the most in India. Present your project before your class. You can create your project on a chart or even make a travel book. Collect the following information: 1) What are the main attractions of the place? Hints: Bengaluru has the Vidhana Soudha, Lal Bagh and so on. Hyderabad has the Charminar, Golconda Fort and so on. 2) What do you get there to buy or eat? Draw or paste images of these items on your chart or in your travel book. Make rough notes here before you start the project. 34

R4 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the story and answer the questions given below. A donkey was grazing near a forest. He saw a lion’s skin lying on the ground. He decided to wear it and act like a lion. He thought that everyone would be scared and would listen to him. He walked into the forest, and all the animals thought he was a lion. They were scared. A clever fox saw him and realised that he was a donkey wearing a lion’s skin. So, he came to the donkey and said, ‘I am afraid of lions. But, I am not scared of a donkey wearing a lion’s skin.’ The donkey heard this, got scared and ran away quickly. Moral: Never act like someone you are not. 1) What did the donkey see lying on the ground? Ans.    2) What happened when the donkey walked into the forest? Ans.    3) U nderline the pronouns and state whether they are subject pronouns or object pronouns. a) He wore the lion skin. – ____________________________ b) The animals were scared of him. – ____________________________ 35

c) They realised that the donkey was wearing a lion skin. – _______________________ 4) Write two words from the passage that have the same meaning as ‘fear’. Ans.    5) Match the words to their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  grazing a)  to behave like someone else 2)  clever b)  eating grass in a forest or field 3)  act c)  smart; having knowledge Passage 2 Read the story and answer the questions given below. One day, two cats found a piece of bread. They decided to share it and cut it into halves. One half of the bread was a little bigger than the other. So, the cats started fighting for the bigger piece. A monkey was passing by. The cats asked him to help them decide. The monkey was smart and greedy. He said, ‘Let me help you.’ He ate small bites of both pieces of bread. He told the cats that he was making them equal. The cats saw that the pieces had become very small. They said, ‘We will take the pieces now.’ But the monkey ate all the pieces of bread and left. Moral: Never trust unknown people with your problems. 1) What did the two cats find? Ans.   36

2) Who did the cats ask for help? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct prepositions from the brackets. a) T he piece of bread was ___________________________ the road. (at the side of / over) b) The monkey was sitting ___________________________ a tree. (between/beside) c) T he monkey put the bread ____________________________ his mouth. (under/into) 4) Write a word from the passage that is the homophone for the word ‘peace’. Ans.   5) Match the words to their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  greedy a)  give some of what we have to others 2)  share b)  of the same size 3)  equal c)  always wanting more Reading Comprehension 37

Glossary Sr. No. Words Meaning felt bad or sorry for doing something wrong 1 ashamed (v.) (here) with great effort and sincerity a name affectionately given to BR Ambedkar 2 attentive (adj.) finding fault with someone or something to move gently against something 3 Babasaheb (n.) a thick woven material used to cover a part of the floor in a decorative manner 4 blaming (v.) quick, foolish talk a long pipe on top of a house for smoke to come out 5 brush (v.) unable to think clearly a dry, sandy area with less water and life 6 carpet (n.) to move quickly downward a sudden shout in excitement or surprise 7 chatter (n.) travelled through a new area to learn something new to collect 8 chimney (n.) a small place where a fire is lit to keep the room warm to decorate a dish 9 confused (adj.) breathed loudly in a tired manner 10 desert (n.) water coming out of a crack 11 dip (v.) 12 exclaimed (v.) 13 explored (v.) 14 fetch (v.) 15 fireplace (n.) 16 garnish (v.) 17 huffed and puffed (phr.) 18 leaked (v.)

Sr. No. Words Meaning 19 ledge (n.) a narrow shelf that comes out of a wall 20 mistreated (v.) 21 mocked (v.) to treat someone poorly and disrespectfully 22 mountains (n.) teased or laughed at someone 23 passages (n.) large hills 24 patience (n.) 25 prevented (v.) narrow pathways or corridors 26 propeller (n.) the ability to wait 27 protested (v.) to stop something from happening 28 raw (adj.) 29 rug (n.) a fan-like object that moves an aeroplane or ship 30 scent (n.) strongly disagreeing to something 31 sea (n.) uncooked 32 seal (n.) a small carpet 33 shields (n.) a pleasant smell 34 sprigs (n.) 35 sprinkle (v.) a large body of salt water 36 starter (n.) a symbol of an important person, which is stamped on 37 steep (adj.) wax 38 stir (v.) large pieces of metal or wood that are used to protect 39 storeroom (n.) oneself during battles small stems with leaves on them to drop a few pieces or add drops of something over a surface a button to start an engine a land with a sharp slope to mix a small room where unused things are kept

Sr. No. Words Meaning 40 stream (n.) a narrow and small river 41 strict (adj.) demanding to be obeyed 42 swoop (v.) to move down fast through the air towards something 43 swords (n.) 44 unfairly (adv.) long metal blades with handles and sharp points and edges to treat someone wrongly or incorrectly 45 unjustly (adv.) not morally right or fair 46 vendors (n.) people selling wares on street-sides 47 water bearer (n.) a person who carries water from one place to another 48 wealth (n.) having plenty of riches or money 49 whispers (n.) spoken in a low tone n. Key v. noun adj. verb adv. phr. adjective adverb phrase

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