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Part 1 Module 1 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2 Module 2 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������11 Module 3 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������19 Module 4 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 33 Module 5 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 455 Part 2 Module 6 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2 Module 7 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������13 Module 8 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 24 Module 9 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 39 Module 10 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������.��.����� 51 Module 11 ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������.������ 67

Module 1 PR Vocabulary Q Names of pictures Exercise 2.1: Look at the given pictures and complete the words. 1) f a c e 2) b i r d 3) h a n d 4) d o o r 2

Exercise 2.2: Look at the pictures and trace the words. 1) fish 2) girl 3) cake 4) duck Grammar Naming words A naming word names a person, place, animal or thing. Naming words are the names for everything that we see around us. person place animal thing Module 1 3

Common names and special names This is a dog. His name is Buddy. The word ‘dog’ is a common name for this type of animal.  ‘Buddy’ is a special name given to this particular dog. Remember • A common name is a general name that is used for naming a person, place, animal or thing. Common names begin with small letters. Examples: girl, city, chocolate • A special name is the name given to a special person, place, animal or thing. Special names always begin with capital letters. Examples: Reema, New Delhi, Dairy Milk Common names Special names man John girl Anjali country India river Ganga 4

Common names Special names biscuit Marie Gold day Sunday month May Exercise 3.1: Underline the words that name the person, place, animal or thing in each sentence. One is done for you. 1) The cat is sleeping. 2) The clock is big. 3) Pia is happy. 4) This is a park. Module 1 5

Exercise 3.2: Sort the naming words given in the box. One is done for you. ball    Preeti    cow    playground Person Place 1) Preeti 2) Animal Thing 3) 4) 6

Module 2 PR Vocabulary Q Names of shapes Exercise 2.1: Colour the shapes and trace their names. 1) triangle 2) square 3) circle 4) rectangle Module 2 11

Number names Exercise 2.2: Trace the names of the given numbers. 1) seven 2) eight 3) sixteen 4) twenty Grammar Capital letters, full stop and question mark I come at the I always I always start of a new come at come at sentence or a the end of a the end of a special name. sentence. question. capital letters full stop question mark A sentence ends with • A sentence always a full stop (.). A question mark (?) starts with a capital is used at the end of letter. Examples: all questions. • My name is Bela. • S pecial names always Examples: begin with capital • I will play today. letters. • W hat is your name? • A lways use a capital letter for the word ‘I’. • W ill you play today? Example: My pet cat and I went to Puri. 12

Exercise 3.1: Circle the words that should start with capital letters. Add full stops to the sentences. One is done for you. 1) raja and rohit are best friends. 2) i will go to school on monday 3) rose is the flower i like the most 4) kiran lives in kerala Exercise 3.2: Add full stops or question marks. One is done for you. 1) Where are Neha and Pooja? 2) I like going to school 3) How are you 4) Sonu plays cricket Module 2 13

Module 3 PR Vocabulary Q Opposites Opposites are words that have completely different or reverse meanings. hard soft Exercise 2.1: Write the opposites for the given words. Choose from the words given below. night sad big cry 1) happy x  2) little x  Module 3 19

3) laugh x  4) day x  Sort colours and things Exercise 2.2: Sort the given words into colours and things. house blue yellow swing Colours Things 1) 2) 3) 4) 20

Grammar Singular and plural nouns Look at these toys. Wow! There is a truck, a car and an aeroplane. Look at the cute teddy bear and the rabbit. Look, the lovely doll is smiling at you! The words ‘toys’, ‘truck’, ‘car’, ‘aeroplane’, ‘teddy bear’, ‘rabbit’ and ‘doll’ are common naming words. Common naming words can be singular (single or one) or plural (more than one or many). Remember  Singular naming words name a single person, place, animal or thing.  Plural naming words name more than one person, one car place, animal or thing. many cars  Most naming words are made plural by adding ‘-s’ to the ends of the words. Module 3 21

Examples: Plural Singular Plural toys doll dolls Singular cars duck ducks toy rabbits aeroplanes car balls aeroplane trucks bats truck rockets rabbit engines rocket teddy bears ball girls chairs bat teddy bear chair engine girl Can you make the following words plural by adding -s? cat teacher father tree bird There are some singular naming words that cannot be made plural just by adding -s. We make plurals of words ending in -o, -s and -x by adding -es to the ends of the words. Examples: Singular Plural Singular Plural tomato tomatoes potato potatoes bus buses gas gases box boxes fox foxes 22

Exercise 3.1: Read the sentences given below. Underline the singular naming words. Circle the plural naming words. One is done for you. 1) That boy loves to play with dolls . 2) The ducks quacked when they saw the dog. 3) The students listened to their teacher. 4) My dog loves to chew on bones. Exercise 3.2: Write the plural forms of the given words. One is done for you. Hint: We add -es to the words ending in -o, -s and -x to make them plural. 1) zero − zeroes 2) fox −   3) buffalo −  4) bus − Module 3 23

Module 4 PR Vocabulary Q Names of fruits and vegetables Exercise 2.1: Look at the pictures of the given fruits. Write their names in the given spaces. You can use the word box for help. One is done for you. mango   bananas   orange   apple   pear   grapes 1) mango 2) 3) 4) Module 4 33

5) 6) Exercise 2.2: Find the names of the given vegetables in the word search below. One is done for you. carrot AXP F P potato onion J UOK U brinjal corn P C T CQ beans T CAA B EOT RR P ROR I ON I ON SSZTJ A HCQA MM V G L B E AN S 34

Grammar Subject pronouns Read the following sentences. Ruhi and her mother Rohan plays football. The bus is big. go to the market. Rohan is a happy boy. The bus moves fast. Ruhi and her mother buy clothes. ‘Ruhi’, ‘mother’, ‘Rohan’ and ‘bus’ are naming words. The naming words in the sentences above have been repeated. This makes the sentences longer. Now, read the sentences given below. Ruhi and her mother Rohan plays football. The bus is big. go to the market. He is a happy boy. It moves fast. They buy clothes. We use the words ‘they’, ‘he’ and ‘it’ in place of the repeated naming words. These words are called pronouns. Pronouns are words that we use in place of naming words. Module 4 35

Subject pronouns are pronouns that take the place of naming words (people, places, animals and things) that do the main action in a sentence. I WE YOU YOU (while talking (while talking about (while talking to (while talking to a about oneself) oneself and others) someone else) group of people) HE SHE THEY IT (while talking (while talking (while talking (while talking about a boy, about a girl, about a group about an animal or man or male woman or of people) a non-living thing) animal) female animal) Remember • We do not use naming words again and again. We use pronouns in place of naming words. • W e do not use our names to talk about ourselves. We use the word I. ‘I’ is also a pronoun. It is followed by am and not is or are. Read the subject pronouns below. Many we One you I they you he, she, it 36

Exercise 3.1: Underline the subject pronouns in the sentences given below. One is done for you. 1) It is a new dress. 2) You will all get prizes. 3) I have many friends. 4) She plays football. 5) They live together. 6) We are eating breakfast. Exercise 3.2: Match the pictures to the correct subject pronouns. One is done for you. 1) it 2) he 3) she 4) they 5) 6) we I Module 4 37

Module 5 PR Vocabulary Q Animal sounds Oink, moo and quack are sounds made by animals. Have you ever heard the sound made by a dog? How about the sound made by a horse? Let us learn what the sounds of different animals are called. A horse neighs. A lion roars. A donkey brays. Exercise 2.1: Guess which animal makes the given sound in each case. Join the dots to see if you have got the answer right. Colour the pictures after you finish. owl   bird   hen   bee   goat   cat 1) sing – Module 5 45

2) bleat – 46

3) buzz – 4) cluck – Module 5 47

5) mew – 6) hoot – 48

Exercise 2.2: Match the pictures with the animal sounds. Column A Column B 1) a) moo duck 2) b) oink snake 3) c) quack frog 4) d) hiss cow 5) e) bark pig 6) f) croak dog Module 5 49

Grammar Describing words We went to a beautiful beach on Sunday. It was a bright day, and there were big waves in the sea. My parents had carried five sandwiches and juicy apples for us. After playing in the water, we spent time counting the boats and ships on the water. There were eight ships! The beach also had yellow sand. We made a tall sandcastle with the sand. It was a fun day. The words ‘beautiful’, ‘bright’, ‘big’, ‘five’, ‘juicy’, ’eight’, ‘yellow’, ‘tall’ and ‘fun’ tell us more about the naming words. They are describing words. Describing words usually come before naming words. Describing words can be of many kinds. They answer questions about naming words such as ‘what kind?’ and ‘how many?’. 50

Read the paragraph on the previous page again and then read the table given below. What kind of? How many? beautiful beach five sandwiches bright day eight ships big waves juicy apples yellow sand tall sandcastle fun day Can you think of describing words for the following naming words? kitten tree ice cream Exercise 3.1: Draw pictures using the labels. 1)  2)    yellow Sun   three bananas Module 5 51

3)  4)    small mouse   sad boy 5)  6)    big house   red ball Exercise 3.2: Underline the naming words. Then, draw a star on top of each describing word in these sentences. One is done for you.  1) The sweet apples are on the floor. 2) The fluffy kitten is sleeping. 52

3) She has long hair. 4) There are five birds in the sky. 5) The grass is tall. 6) This flag has three colours. Module 5 53

Module 6 PR Vocabulary Q Days of the week and months of the year There are seven days in a week. There are twelve months in a year. Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Exercise 2.1: Look at the days of the week given below. Write which day comes before or after the given day. One is done for you. 1) Monday Tuesday 2) Friday 3) Saturday 2

4) Thursday 5) Tuesday 6) Friday Exercise 2.2: Complete the table with the correct months. One is done for you. Months of the year Last month This month Next month 1)          April May           June 2) December 3) March 4) August 5) January 6) July Module 6 3

Grammar ‘A’ and ‘an’ Leena is a girl. She is holding an apple. She will eat the apple now.   Look at the words a, an and the. These words point out naming words or groups of naming words. They are called articles.  A is used before words that start with consonant sounds. Consonant sounds are the sounds made by all the letters other than a, e, i, o and u. This is a cat. This is a rat.  An is used before words that start with vowel sounds. Vowel sounds are the sounds made by the letters a, e, i, o and u. Sheela has This is an ant. an orange. 4

Exercise 3.1: Read the names under each picture aloud. Then, match the pictures to the words ‘a’ or ‘an’. One is done for you. 1)     2) ice cream octopus   a 3) 4) well    dog 5) an 6) queen ant Module 6 5

Exercise 3.2: Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ or ‘an’. One is done for you. 1) 2) kite an arrow 3) 4) igloo cake 5) 6) ear bat 6

‘The’  W hen we speak about something for the first time, we use a. After that, we use the when we speak about the same thing again.  The is also used to speak about something in particular. This is a rabbit. Ira went to The rabbit the park that is eating a is near her carrot. house. Module 6 7

Module 7 PR Vocabulary Q Words for sounds Imagine that you are sitting in your classroom. School is about to get over. You hear the loud sound of the school bell and you rush out! What is the sound that the bell makes? A bell rings. A sound is something you can hear. There are many sounds made by people, animals and things. Example: coins jingle Exercise 2.1: Colour the boxes with the sounds that match the given pictures. One is done for you. 1) man sleeping gargle cough snore Module 7 13

2)  talking softly whisper gargle cough 3)  blowing a whistle sing toot slam 4)  dog smelling buzz pop sniff jingle yell 5) when we bring our clap plop honk hands together ring   6) water dripping from a tap   14

Exercise 2.2: Match the pictures to the correct sounds. One is done for you. 1)  gargle a)  2)  whoosh b)   3)  pop c)  4)  hiss d)  5)  chug e)  6)  achoo f)  Module 7 15

Grammar Doing words or action words A word that shows an action done by a person, animal or thing is called a doing word or an action word. Here are a few examples of doing words or action words. play bark run Exercise 3.1: Match the pictures to the action words. One is done for you. Column A Column B 1) a) jump 2) b) smile 3) c) read 4) d) sing 5) e) kick 6) f) sleep 16

Exercise 3.2: Colour the stars that have doing words or action words in them. One is done for you. 1) 2) 3) talk skip frock 4) 5) 6) eat box sing Module 7 17

Module 8 PR Vocabulary Q Words related to school We go to school almost every day. There are many things that we take with us to school. We also see many things at school. We meet different people at school too! Let us read some words that are related to school. 24

Here are some more words.   test – bell –   school bus – teacher –  classmates – principal – Exercise 2.1: Colour the circles that have words related to school. 1) bedsheet 2) desk 3) teacher 4) kitchen 5) books 6) bell Module 8 25

Exercise 2.2: Find words related to school in the word search given below. Use the given words to help you. One is done for you. book blackboard teacher student classroom lesson B F I NS T UDEN TC X B L AC K BOA R DG T E ACH E RWU L S Q O K B OO K P R M F Y L L E S S ONHA Z T VD A J E C L A S S R OOM Grammar Simple present tense Rehana and her parents get up early in the morning. Rehana waters the plants in her garden. She also puts the pots in a line. Her father cuts the leaves from the trees. Rehana and her parents love their garden. Read the words in bold in the given paragraph. All these words are doing words or action words. They are talking about actions that we do every day or very regularly. 26

When the doing word in a sentence tells us about actions that we do regularly or daily, the sentence is in the simple present tense. Examples: Tim plays football Fish live in water. They go to church every day. every Sunday. Remember  Add -s or -es to action words that come after he, she, it or singular naming words. Examples: •  He goes to the park every day. •  She lives in that house. •  It barks loudly. •  Rahul comes here in the morning.  Do not add -s or -es to action words that come after I, we, you, they or plural naming words. Examples: •  I go to the park every day. •  We live in that house. •  They come here in the morning. •  Dogs bark loudly. Module 8 27

Exercise 3.1: Look at the given picture. Fill in the blanks with action words in the simple present tense. Use the word boxes as hints. One is done for you. watch eat work like drink make Note: Follow the rules of adding ‘-s’ or ‘es’ to action words. Little Zuzu watches TV with his parents every evening. His mother for a company, and his father is a teacher. They cartoons. Sometimes, Zuzu’s father popcorn to eat. They the popcorn together. They also fruit juice as they watch TV. 28

Simple past tense We visited Delhi in May. The city was very hot. My sister and I played in a park. We stayed with our aunt and uncle there. The above paragraph describes actions that are complete or finished. Such actions are written in the simple past tense. The simple past tense talks about actions that happened yesterday, last week, last month or many years ago. Remember  In the simple past tense, we use the past tense forms of doing words.    •  Examples: Simple present tense Simple past tense I study for my exam. I studied for my exam. He likes to study. He liked to study. They watch a movie. They watched a movie.  The past tense forms of most action words are made by adding -d, -ed or -ied. In most action words that end in -y, we change the -y to -ied to make their past tense forms.    • Examples: like – liked, smile – smiled, rain – rained, cook – cooked, copy – copied, try – tried, cry – cried  In the simple past tense, the following happen. is and am was are were Can you think of five things that you did yesterday? Using the simple past tense, describe what you did. Module 8 29

Exercise 3.2: Read what Amir did yesterday. Fill in the blanks with the words in the simple past tense. One is done for you. Hi! I had a lot of fun yesterday. I learnt how to bake a cake. I baked a chocolate cake. I called my mother and asked her to taste my cake. She tasted it and smiled at me. The cake was very tasty! Ans. Amir had a lot of fun yesterday. He learnt how to bake a cake. He a chocolate cake. He his mother and her to taste his cake. She it and at him. The cake was very tasty! Now, write about two things that you did yesterday. Yesterday, I 30

and . Module 8 31

Module 9 PR Vocabulary Q Alphabetical order The English alphabet starts with the letter ‘A’ and ends with the letter ‘Z’. We always write the letters of the alphabet in the same order. a-b-c-d-e-f-g-h-i-j-k-l-m-n-o-p-q-r-s-t-u-v-w-x-y-z A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V- W-X-Y-Z This order is called the alphabetical order. Have you ever seen your names in the teacher’s attendance register? It is in the alphabetical order. It is easy to find names or words written in the alphabetical order. Example: Read the first letters of the words in the list below. • ant, bat, cat, dog, egg, fan, goat We began the list with a word that starts with the letter ‘a’. The next one starts with ‘b’, the next with ‘c’ and so on. Module 9 39

Exercise 2.1: Rewrite these words in alphabetical order. One is done for you. milk cabbage grapes onion potato banana 1) banana 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Exercise 2.2: Read the words under each group. Number the words (1, 2, 3 and so on) to put them in alphabetical order. One is done for you. Colours Animals Vehicles Things [  3  ] red lion car hat [  1  ] blue wolf train fan [  4  ] yellow zebra plane pencil [  2  ] orange giraffe van mat 40

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