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Published by IMAX, 2020-04-10 02:47:55



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by classklap ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES – II WORKBOOK – PART 1 Enhanced Edition 4

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX presents the latest version of the Summit series – specially crafted as an accompanying workbook series for the Maharashtra state board textbooks. The Summit series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 in conjunction with the content covered and approach adopted in the Maharashtra state board textbooks. The NCF 2005 advocates the creation of age-appropriate and easily relatable content for EVS. It also recommends the use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. Below are some salient features of the Summit EVS-II workbooks series: 9Arrangement of questions based on the RUAH (Remember, Understand, Apply and Higher Order Thinking Skills) model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy 9Visually engaging timelines that summarise information from the lessons 9Stimulating Application and Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) questions that ensure students engage with the content and not just focus on rote learning 9Use of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks 9All textbook questions that require space for writing have been included. Overall, the IMAX Summit series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___2 / 80

Workbook Features Let us Recap ReDmicetmatbioenring An activity to be used to recap the Questions aimed at helping students to main points covered in the lesson recollect critical information regarding the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ UnDdiecrtsatatinodning of the concept Questions aimed at helping students Application and HOTS engage with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the concept Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life Activity scenarios and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order Activities that can be done to enhance thinking skills learning Formative Activities that can be used for the Formative Assessments 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___3 / 80

CONTENTS Lesson Page No. ______________________________________________________ 1. Maharashtra before Shivaji 1 2. Work of the Saints 9 3. Maratha Sardars – The Famous House of the Bhonsales 18 4. Shivaji’s Childhood 26 5. Shivaji’s Education 35 6. The Oath of Swaraj 44 7. Swaraj: First Conquest 52 8. Defeat of Internal Enemies 60 9. Pratapgad Makes History 69 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___4 / 80

1 LESSON 1: MAHARASHTRA BEFORE SHIVAJI 1) Shivaji Maharaj was a great man and his birth anniversary is celebrated 1 Fill in thewbitlhangkresat pomp and reverence throughout India. 2) Four hundred years before Shivaji, Maharashtra was not free. 3) The two sultans, Nizamshah of Ahmadnagar and Adilshah of Bijapur, who ruled over Maharashtra, were not liberal in their outlook and the people were oppressed. 4) Shivaji Maharaj fought against the powers that oppressed the people and defeated them. 5) Shivaji made no distinction between Hindus and Muslims and treated people from all castes and religions fairly and equally. Maharashtra before Shivaji 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___5 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions Match the following 1) Watandars (a) self-government 2) Swaraj (b) Deshmukhs 3) great man (c) in the North 4) Emperor Akbar (d) sworn enemies 5) Adilshah and Nizamshah (e) Shivaji Maharaj Strike out the wrong option 6) Akbar, Krishnadevraya, Nizamshah 7) Deshmukh, Adilshah, Deshpande 8) injustice, fair play, equal treatment 9) fighting, oppression, Swaraj 10) Adilshah, Shivaji Maharaj, Nizamshah 2 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___6 / 80

Short Answer Questions Answer in one sentence 11) Name the kings who looked after the welfare of their subjects. (Textbook, Pg. 2) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 12) What noble task did Shivaji Maharaj undertake? (Textbook, Pg. 2) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 13) Who did Shivaji Maharaj fight against? (Textbook, Pg. 2) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 3 Maharashtra before Shivaji 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___7 / 80

Short Answer Questions Answer in one sentence 14) Why were Emperor Akbar and Emperor Krishnadevraya famous? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 15) What made the people ruled by the Watandars unhappy? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Find and tell 16) In which historical period did Shivaji Maharaj rule? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 17) On what principle is ‘Hindavi Swaraj’ based? 4 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___8 / 80

Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Answer the following 18) Describe the condition of Maharashtra before the rule of Shivaji Maharaj. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 19) Why is Shivaji Maharaj dear to all people? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 5 Maharashtra before Shivaji 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___9 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question Answer the following 20) This is a postage stamp of the great Shivaji Maharaj. Collect some more stamps depicting some other national heroes of India and paste them in the space provided. Ans: 6 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___10 / 80

Long Answer Question Answer the following 21) Was Shivaji Maharaj a great administrator? Do you think he had qualities that make a great general? Give reasons for your answer. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 22) Celebrate Shivajayanti in your class. (Textbook, Pg. 2) Hints:  Dress up like Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and shout slogans of ‘Mee Shivaji, Ghar, Ghar Shivaji'. 7 Maharashtra before Shivaji 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___11 / 80

 If you have visited any of Shivaji’ Maharaj’s forts, discuss what you saw there with your classmates. 23) Present historical songs and ‘Powadas’ in the cultural programmes held in your school. (Textbook, Pg. 2) Hints:  A ‘Powada’ is a song written to narrate a historical event in a dramatic manner. has the words and audio for some famous ‘Powadas’.  To search for ‘Powadas’, use incidents and names from the story of Shivaji. For example, ‘the killing of Afzal Khan’, ‘the death of Tanaji Malusare’. You will learn more about these incidents in the coming lessons. 8 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___12 / 80

2 LESSON 2: WORK OF THE SAINTS 1) The tradition of saints began in Maharashtra with Shri Chakradhar, Sant Namdeo and Sant Dnyaneshwar. 2) The saints taught people different virtues like compassion, non-violence, charity, service, equality and brotherhood. 3) Sant Chakradhar Swami moved all over Maharashtra preaching equality. 4) Sant Namdeo was a great devotee of Vitthal. He composed numerous songs in praise of god. 5) The work of the saints brought about a great awakening among the people. 9 Work of the Saints 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___13 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions (a) lived in Paithan Match the following (b) composed numerous songs (c) Mahanubhav sect 1) Shri Chakradhar Swami (d) was from Apegaon 2) Sant Dnyaneshwar (e) was from Dehu 3) Sant Tukaram 4) Sant Eknath 5) Sant Namdeo 10 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___14 / 80

Fill in the blanks 6) Memorable incidents from Shri Chakradhar Swami’s life are compiled in a book called ________________________. 7) Shri Chakradhar Swami was originally a prince from _____________________. 8) Sant Namdeo’s verses are part of the holy book of the Sikhs, called the ‘_________________________’. 9) _____________________________ taught people the good ways of life through his book ‘Dasbodh’. 10) Sant Eknath preached that the way to reach God was through devotion. This was called ________________________. Short Answer Questions 11 Answer the following 11) What discrimination did Shri Chakradhar Swami not believe in? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Work of the Saints 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___15 / 80

12) What message was propagated by Samarth Ramdas? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 13) What advice was rendered by Sant Eknath? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 14) What desire did Sant Namdeo instil among the people? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 15) What message did Sant Tukaram give? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 12 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___16 / 80

16) Why did Sant Dnyaneshwar lock himself in his hut? (Textbook, Pg. 7) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 17) Why did bigoted men of the time look down upon Sant Dnyaneshwar’s brothers and sister? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 18) In which language did Sant Dnyaneshwar write his book? What impact did it have? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 13 Work of the Saints 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___17 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 19) How did the teachings of Samarth Ramdas help the people of Maharashtra? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 20) Why do you think several men and women became followers of Shri Chakradhar Swami? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Answer the following 21) How do you think the different saints contributed to a ‘great awakening’ among the people and paved the way for Shivaji fighting for Swaraj? Give a few examples to explain your point. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 14 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___18 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 22) Explain through an example how Sant Eknath taught people the message of love and equality through his life. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 15 Work of the Saints 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___19 / 80

Short Answer Question Answer the following 23) What would the saints do to meet their basic needs? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 24) Which saint inspires you the most? Give three reasons. 16 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___20 / 80

Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 25) Collect the pictures of Sants other than those included in this lesson and below the pictures, write their thoughts. (Textbook, Pg. 7) Hints:  You can look up Sants such as Sant Chokha Mela, Sant Muktabai, Sant Nirmalabai and Sant Shaikh Mahammed.  Also mention which part of the country they belong to, their famous works if any, their teachings and so on. 17 Work of the Saints 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___21 / 80

3 LESSON 3: MARATHA SARDARS – THE FAMOUS HOUSE OF THE BHONSALES 1) All the Maratha Sardars had their private armies. The Sardar who received a Jagir considered himself a Raja. Fill in the blanks 2) Maloji Raje was a great devotee of Shiva and restored the temple of Ghrushneshwar to its original condition. 3) The Moghul Emperor from Delhi attacked the kingdom of Nizamshah. Malik Amber and Shahaji Raje fought bravely to save Nizamsha. hi. 4) Shahaji Raje left Nizamshahi and joined the court of Adilshah at Bijapur. 5) Adilshah honoured him with the title of ‘Sar Lashkar’ (Chief of the Army). 18 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___22 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions . Fill in the blanks 1) The Maratha Sardars started a tradition of 2) The Marathas were fearless and to their masters. 3) Shivaji’s mother was called . 4) The Sardar who received a Jagir considered himself a . 5) The temple of near the Verul caves was falling to pieces. Mark true or false 6) Nizamshah of Bijapur and Adilshah of Ahmadnagar were constantly at war with each other. [] 19 Maratha Sardars – The Famous House of the Bhonsales 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___23 / 80

7) Jijabai, the mother of Shivaji Maharaj, was the daughter of Lakhujirao Jadhav of Sindkhed. [] 8) Among the famous families, the Nimbalkars of Phaltan showed great bravery and enterprise. [ ] 9) Nizamshah transferred to Shahaji Raje the Jagir he had conferred on Vithoji Raje. [ ] 10) Daulatabad was the capital of Nizamshah. [] Short Answer Questions Answer in one sentence 11) Who restored the temple of Ghrushneshwar to its original condition? (Textbook, Pg. 11) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 12) Which Jagir was bestowed upon Maloji Raje by Nizamshah? (Textbook, Pg. 11) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 20 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___24 / 80

13) Who fought bravely to save Nizamshahi? (Textbook, Pg. 11) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 14) With what title did the Adilshah honour Shahaji Raje? (Textbook, Pg. 11) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 15) Why did Shahaji Raje leave Adilshahi and return to Nizamshahi? (Textbook, Pg. 11) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 21 Maratha Sardars – The Famous House of the Bhonsales 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___25 / 80

16) How do you think the lost grandeur of the Ghrushneshwar temple was restored? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 17) ‘Jijabai became the Fortune of the Bhonsale family.’ Explain. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 18) Why did Malik Amber become jealous of Shahaji Raje? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 22 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___26 / 80

Long Answer Questions Answer the following 19) Explain, in your words, how the Bhonsales – Maloji Raje and Vithoji Raje – became rich and powerful. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 20) Describe the condition of the Ghrushneshwar temple before Maloji Raje restored it. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 23 Maratha Sardars – The Famous House of the Bhonsales

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question Answer the following 21) Explain in your own words how a Maratha Sardar became a Raja. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 22) Write about the role of Shahaji Raje in the Kingdom of Nizamshah in your own words. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 24 ______________________________________________________________________ 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___28 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 23) Locate places like Ahmadnagar, Phaltan, Verul, Supe, Pune on the map of Maharashtra given: (Textbook, Pg. 11) 25 Maratha Sardars – The Famous House of the Bhonsales

4 LESSON 4: SHIVAJI’S CHILDHOOD 1) Shivaji was born in the strong and secure Shivneri Fort. 2) Shivaji’s childhood was spent with his mother, Jijabai, as his teacher. 3) Shivaji spent a lot of time with the children of the Mavlas and played different games with them. 4) Shahaji Raje established a new Nizamshahi and made efforts to protect it. 5) The latter half of Shivaji’s childhood was spent in Karnatak after Shahaji Raje moved there and made Bangalore his headquarters. 26 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___30 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) _______________, the ruler from the North, had sent a huge army to conquer the Deccan region. 2) _______________ was a strong fort, near Junnar in Pune district. 3) ____________ was the principal town of Shahaji Raje’s Jagir. 4) The new _______________ was established between the Godavari and Nira rivers. 27 Shivaji’s Childhood

Match the following (a) burned Shahaji Raje’s Jagir 5) Shivaji 6) Jijabai’s stories (b) named after the Shivneri Fort 7) Adilshah of Bijapur (c) about saints and brave men Strike out the wrong option 8) The Shivneri Fort had: a) steep cliffs on four sides b) weak walls c) strong fortifications d) massive doors 9) Jijabai would recite devotional songs of: a) Namdeo b) Dnyaneshwar c) Eknath d) Subbalakshmi 10) Shivaji and the children of the Mavlas played: a) hide and seek b) with a ball c) hockey d) with a top Short Answer Questions Answer in one sentence 11) What did Shivaji feel due to Jijabai’s teaching? (Textbook, Pg. 15) 28 Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___32 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 12) What games did Shivaji and the children of the Mavlas play? (Textbook, Pg. 15) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 13) Whose stories did Jijabai tell Shivaji? (Textbook, Pg. 15) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions 29 Answer the following 14) Why was Shahaji Raje constantly on the run? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Shivaji’s Childhood 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___33 / 80

15) Why did Shahaji Raje declare the child heir from the Nizamshah’s family as the new Nizamshah? (Textbook, Pg. 15) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 16) Why did Shahaji Raje leave Nizamshahi? (Textbook, Pg. 15) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 17) Describe how Shahaji Raje started living like a king in Bangalore. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Answer the following 18) What are the reasons that made Shahaji Raje establish the new Nizamshahi? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 30 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___34 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 19) Describe Shivaji’s life before he moved to Karnatak. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 31 Shivaji’s Childhood 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___35 / 80

Short Answer Question Answer the following 20) Tick which of the following games and activities you think Shivaji enjoyed with his friends during childhood. a) _____________ b) _____________ c) _____________ d) _____________ e) _____________ g) _____________ f) _____________ 32 _____________ h) 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___36 / 80

Long Answer Question Answer the following 21) Shahaji Raje had a difficult time as a chief. He had to change his loyalty many times, between Nizamshahi, Adilshahi and the Moghuls. He was often betrayed by them. Do you think he did the right thing to leave Maharashtra and move to Karnatak? How do you think it helped him in the end? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 33 Shivaji’s Childhood 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___37 / 80

22) Make a trip to Fort Shivneri and collect information about Shivaji’s birthplace. (Textbook, Pg. 16) Hints: Find out the following:  the district under which Fort Shivneri comes  the nearest railway station  the nearest bus station  the area covering the fort  nearby locations for sightseeing 23) Make a list of traditional sports and write a note on any one of them in ten lines. (Textbook, Pg. 16) Hints: Think about the following:  Who played the game, girls or boys or both?  What things/props/equipment were needed for it?  How many players could play it?  How does one play the game?  What are the rules?  What is the goal of the game? 34 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___38 / 80

5 LESSON 5: SHIVAJI’S EDUCATION 1) Shahaji Raje appointed intelligent teachers for Shivaji. 2) His teachers taught him horse riding, wrestling, skill with a sword and Dandpatta. 3) Shahaji Raje sent Shivaji and Jijabai with capable teachers and administrators to Pune. 4) With Jijabai’s assurance and Dada Konddev’s efforts the ruined Pune began to thrive. 5) Jijabai, with the help of a few powerful generals, started to groom Shivaji to take over the Jagir of Pune. 35 Shivaji’s Education 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___39 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) Shivaji’s education began when he became _____________ years old. 2) Shivaji married Saibai from the Nimbalkar family of _____________. 3) Shivaji felt very happy on seeing the lofty peaks of the ________________ on his return to Pune. Match the following 4) Shahaji Raje (a) looked after Pune Jagir 5) Sardar Lakhujirao Jadhav (b) scholar of Sanskrit 6) Dadaji Konddev (c) Jijabai’s father Answer in one word 7) The city that had been ruined and devastated by Shahaji Raje’s enemies: 36 Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___40 / 80

8) Who was the Subhedar of Kondana? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ Strike out the wrong option 9) The books that Shivaji learned to read on his own: [] a) Mahabharat b) Ramayan c) Bhagwat d) Buddha Charitra 10) With the help of able teachers, Shivaji acquired knowledge in: [ ] a) excellent administration b) war tactics c) fort architecture d) calligraphy Short Answer Questions Answer in one or two sentences 11) Who appointed teachers for Shivaji and where? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 37 12) What did the teachers begin to teach Shivaji? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 37 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Shivaji’s Education 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___41 / 80

13) How did the brave deeds of heroes such as Rama, Krishna, Bhim and Arjun inspire Shivaji? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 14) Why did Dadaji Konddev give concession in land tax to peasants? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 15) What had Jijabai resolved? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 38 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___42 / 80

16) Why did Shivaji want to do something for the people of the Maval region? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 17) In what way had Pune changed when Jijabai and Shivaji returned there? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Answer the following 18) How was Pune rejuvenated? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 39 Shivaji’s Education 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___43 / 80

19) How do you think Dadaji Konddev made people happy? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question Answer the following 20) Identify these forts. Which fort would you like to visit and why? ________________ ________________ ________________ Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 40 ______________________________________________________________________ 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___44 / 80

Long Answer Question Answer the following 21) What knowledge did Shivaji acquire? (Textbook, Pg. 20) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 22) Write and enact a dialogue between Jijabai and Shivaji. (Textbook, Pg. 20) Hints:  Imagine Jijabai telling Shivaji inspiring stories and Shivaji asking questions.  Imagine Jijabai listening to Shivaji’s stories about the Mavals, his friends. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ 41 Shivaji’s Education 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___45 / 80

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 23) Read the biography of Veermata Jijabai. (Textbook, Pg. 20) Hint:  You can read a book or even look up on the internet to learn more about this extraordinary woman. Formative Learning for Life  Stage 1: Learning a skill is learning how to do something like making paper aeroplanes or speaking a language very well. Learning a subject means learning the facts and understanding something like studying about chemicals in science. Shivaji was taught both, skills and subjects. From your text, divide what Shivaji learned into skills and subjects. 42 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___46 / 80

Skills Subjects    Stage 2: Divide what you learn in school into skills and subjects: Skills Subjects     Stage 3: Write down four skills you want to learn. Shivaji was taught skills and subjects that would be useful to him as a young boy as well as a king. Think carefully of skills you would be able to use. Write them here: 43 Shivaji’s Education 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___47 / 80

6 LESSON 6: THE OATH OF SWARAJ 1) In 1645, Shivaji took an oath of Swaraj with some of his mates at the temple of Raireshwar, to the south-west of Pune. Fill in the blanks 2) To prepare, he and his comrades started intensive training in swordsmanship, horse-riding, exploring secret paths of hills and getting familiar with the area. 3) He won over the support of the Deshmukhs of the region. 4) Many in the Maval valley started to see him as a leader. 5) Shahaji Raje got a special seal made for Shivaji which was carved in Sanskrit instead of Persian. 44 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___48 / 80

Fill in the blanks Very Short Answer Questions [] Mark true or false 1) It was common to find royal seals in Sanskrit at that time. 2) All over the Mavals, there were Deshmukhs guarding their Watans. [ ] 3) Shivaji was able to win many Deshmukhs on his side. [] 4) Jijabai was unhappy with Shivaji’s ambitions. [] 5) Raireshwar is a temple of goddess Saraswati. [] Answer in one word 6) In which year did Shivaji take the oath of Swaraj? Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ 7) Who got a special seal cast for Shivaji? Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ 45 The Oath of Swaraj 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___49 / 80

8) In which language was the seal for Shivaji made? Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ 9) Where did Shivaji go as soon as he reached Pune? Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ 10) Who helped Shivaji do detailed surveys of the area? Ans. _______________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer in one or two sentences 11) What words of Shivaji echoed in the temple? (Textbook, Pg. 24) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 12) What did Jijabai think of with joy and satisfaction? (Textbook, Pg. 24) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 13) What did Shivaji come to know in his detailed survey? (Textbook, Pg. 24) Ans. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 46 51704090_9789387848870-Summit-G4-Workbook-EVS-II-Part1.pdf___50 / 80

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