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Published by IMAX, 2022-04-05 10:46:07



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5Class Part 1 R1 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 16 R2 Reading Comprehension ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 36 Part 2 R3 Reading Comprehension ���������������������������������������������������������������������12 R4 Reading Comprehension �������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 R4 Reading Comprehension �������������������������������������������������������������������� 54

R1 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. The kingfisher is a small- to medium-sized, colourful bird generally found close to water bodies. There are nearly 100 different species of kingfishers around the world. Kingfishers feed mainly on fish but also eat insects, frogs and crayfish. Kingfisher species that live in the woodlands occasionally eat reptiles, birds and even small mammals. There are three main types of kingfishers around the globe: river kingfishers, tree kingfishers and water kingfishers. All of them have large heads, long, sharp and pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails. Kingfishers are well known for their brightly coloured feathers that range in colour from black to red to green. Some species of kingfisher have tufts of feathers on their heads that stick upwards, although many species of kingfishers have smooth, flat feathers that cover their bodies. Due to their generally small size, kingfishers have many predators wherever they exist around the world. The main predators of the kingfishers are foxes, raccoons, cats and snakes, but kingfishers are also preyed upon by other small mammals and large birds. Many species of kingfisher are considered to be threatened species, as their numbers have been declining due to habitat loss. These threatened kingfisher species inhabit woodlands and forests. Their habitat is being destroyed due to the deforestation that occurs in many areas around the world. (Source: 16

1) What do kingfishers mainly feed on? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) Who are the main predators of kingfishers? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3) Write the comparative forms of each of the adjectives given in brackets. a) Kingfishers are _________________________ than eagles. (small) b) Kingfishers have _________________________ heads than many other birds. (large) c) Kingfishers have ________________________ feathers than many other birds. (bright) 4) The meaning of ‘habitat’ is __________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  species a)  sometimes 2)  occasionally b)  an animal that hunts other animals 3)  predator c)  type or kind Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Joginder sat comfortably on a chair and said, ‘Well, well. One question at a time, dear. Let me begin by saying that Abraham Lincoln was one of the greatest leaders of America. He was the 16th President of the United States, from 1861 to 1865.’ Sarita bent forward and said, ‘Daddy, was his father also a President?’ Reading Comprehension 17

‘No, he wasn’t. In fact, Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Abraham had an older sister and a younger brother who died in their infancy. The Lincolns moved from Kentucky to Indiana due to some land problems in 1817. They made a living by hunting and farming on a small plot of land. When Abraham was nine years old, his mother passed away due to “milk sickness”. After a few months, his father remarried. Abraham’s stepmother was a strong and affectionate woman named Sarah Bush Johnson. She had three children of her own. Abraham Lincoln grew close to her, and she encouraged him to read.’ Sarita looked shocked. ‘But do you mean to say that he never went to school?’ ‘He was mainly self-educated. He received formal education for just about eighteen months, maybe a few days or weeks at a time. You will be amazed to know that he was very fond of reading. He would often walk miles to borrow books from others.’ ‘What kind of books did he like to read?’ ‘He read all the popular books at that time, such as Aesop’s Fables, Robinson Crusoe, The Pilgrim’s Progress and, of course, the family Bible.’ 1) How did the Lincolns make a living? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What kind of books did Abraham Lincoln like to read? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 18

3) Fill in the blanks with the correct articles. Put a  where no article is needed. a) You will get ______________________ hour’s break on Monday. b) Ambika’s favourite subject in school is ______________________ Art. c) She is ______________________________ best swimmer in the school. 4) The meaning of ‘encouraged’ is ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  infancy a)  proper 2)  affectionate b)  early childhood 3)  formal c)  loving Reading Comprehension 19

R2 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. The history of Chinese tea is a story of gradual refinement. Generations of growers and producers have perfected the Chinese way of manufacturing tea and its many unique variations. The original idea is credited to the legendary Emperor Shennong. His orders required that all drinking water be boiled as a hygienic precaution. A story goes that one summer day, while visiting a distant part of his kingdom, he and the court stopped to rest. In accordance with his orders, the servants began to boil water for the court to drink. Dried leaves from a nearby bush fell into the boiling water, and a brown substance got infused into the water. As a scientist, the emperor was interested in the new liquid. He drank some and found it very refreshing. And so, according to the legend, tea was created in 2737 BC. Tea is an important part of the Chinese tradition. The main varieties of Chinese tea are green tea, red tea (black tea), Wulong tea, white tea, yellow tea and reprocessed tea. (Source: Adapted from 1) What happened when the emperor’s servants were boiling water for the court to drink? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) Which are the main varieties of tea? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 36

3) Fill in the blanks with suitable adjectives. a) Mohan is very ______________________. He can pick up this heavy chair. b) This red rose is very ______________________. c) He is the ______________________ boy in class. 4) The meaning of ‘reprocessed’ is _____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) gradual a) special 2) refinement b) over a long period of time 3) unique c) improvement Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Once upon a time, a smart city boy was travelling in a train. The only other person in the compartment was a boy who looked like a simpleton. The city boy, Akshay, thought he would have some fun at the other boy’s expense. ‘Hi, what is your name?’ he asked. ‘Ram’ was the reply. ‘Well, we have a long journey ahead of us. To make it more interesting, I suggest we ask each other questions to while away time’, he said. ‘Alright’, said Ram. ‘Let’s keep a penalty. If the answer is wrong, the person has to pay ` 50’, said Akshay. ‘Fair enough! However, you are well educated, knowledgeable and smart, whereas I am a simple village dweller. My penalty should be half of yours’, said Ram. Akshay agreed to this condition. Ram suggested that Akshay ask the first question. ‘What is the latest technology by which seeds can produce stronger plants?’ asked Akshay. ‘I don’t know’, said Ram and handed ` 25 over. Reading Comprehension 37

‘Your turn now’, said Akshay. ‘Why is it that when a handful of seeds are sown, some germinate faster and some don’t germinate at all?’ asked Ram. Akshay was stumped. He thought for a long time. Finally, he gave up and handed Ram ` 50. ‘Tell me the answer’, said Akshay, watching Ram put the money into his wallet. ‘I don’t know either’, answered Ram. – Manjula Shukla 1) Where did the two boys meet? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) Who ended up with more money in the end? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3) Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verb ‘be’. a) My mother ____________________________ cooking dinner. (are/am/is) b) The hammer and nails ____________________________ new. (are/is/am) c) It is very late, and I ____________________________ very tired. (is/am/are) 4) The antonym of ‘penalty’ is _________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) stumped a) to begin to grow 2) simpleton b) not knowing the answer to something 3) germinate c) s omeone who is not intelligent and does not have a good sense of judgement 38

R3 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. The Tyrannosaurus Rex (T-Rex) lived in Laramidia, which is present-day western North America. It lived in the Upper Cretaceous Period, between 85–66 million years ago. The T-Rex is among the last non-flying dinosaurs. One of the largest land predators ever known, the T-Rex was nearly 40-feet long and 13-feet wide at the hips. It weighed four to seven tons! Scientists know from studying its fossils that the T-Rex had an enormous skull and a long, massive tail to support its weight. Despite its hands being relatively small, they were powerful, with two clawed digits (like fingers). The hind legs of the dinosaur were extensive and mighty. The T-Rex possessed the most ferocious bite of any land animal on Earth. Its jaw was at least four-feet thick and contained 50–60 teeth, many of which were up to nine inches long. Its strong teeth could remove flesh from its prey and cut it in its mouth. 500 pounds of flesh and bone in one bite! Also, there were rotting bacteria between its teeth, giving it a ‘septic’ bite. If it wounded but failed to kill prey, they would die of fatal infections anyway! 12

In 1990, Sue Hendrickson, a famous fossil hunter, discovered the most complete fossil of a T-Rex skeleton ever found (85% complete). Eventually, it was sold to the Field Museum of Natural History for a whopping eight million dollars. The museum spent over 25,000 person- hours in removing rock from the bones. (Source: Adapted from 1) What were the arms of the T-Rex like? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What did Sue Hendrickson do with the fossil of the T-Rex that she had found? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3) Find the plural forms of the given words from the passage. a) dinosaur – _______________________________ b) inch – _______________________________ c) tooth – _______________________________ 4) The meaning of the word ‘fatal’ is ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) present-day a) very large 2) rotting b) the current period of time 3) whopping c) decaying Reading Comprehension 13

Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. The emperor was very sad after the queen’s death. He would often sit in his beautiful garden and watch a fleet of swans, a flock of ducks or a herd of deer that roamed about freely. The deer had been gifted by a king of a faraway country. But nothing seemed to cheer him up. A troupe of dancers also performed at the court but to no avail. Everyone wanted to help the emperor come out of his sadness, but nothing seemed to work. One day, a priest in the palace saw a few children playing with dolls. The dolls made shadows on the floor that appeared to dance while the children played. They tried to catch the shadows and laughed as they played. The dancing shadows of the dolls gave the priest a brilliant idea. He hurried home and got down to work. The priest first made a puppet with cotton and painted it to look like the queen. Once the puppet was ready, he invited the emperor for a special puppet show. The emperor was not willing to come for the show but finally agreed. The priest was an old friend, he accepted the invitation. The priest said, ‘Your Majesty, the puppet show is specially meant for you. Kindly come.’ The emperor nodded, ‘If you so insist, I’ll be there.’ (To be continued . . .) 1) What did the emperor see as he sat in his garden? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 14

2) What did the priest see in the palace one day? Ans. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3) Fill in the blanks with the correct pronouns. a) ______________ is dreaming. (Ravi) b) ______________ is dirty. (The blackboard) c) ______________ are watching TV. (My mother and I) 4) The meaning of the word ‘demise’ is _______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  flock a)  to not take ‘no’ for an answer 2)  brilliant b)  group 3)  insist c)  very clever Reading Comprehension 15

R4 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Two old men and a young woman approach. Old man 1: I have already paid money for this land. We’ll make multi-storeyed buildings here. Young lady: S ir, let’s provide facilities like a club, gym, pool and all-day water and power supply for the residents. Old man 2: W e’ll make a good profit. People who buy apartments over here will pay a good amount to us. Old man 1: L et’s go. We will begin the work by next week! (They leave together.) All trees: Oh! Pine Tree: Our end is near. (A group of two young men and a middle-aged woman approach.) Young man 1: Look at this Green Forest. Isn’t it beautiful? We will never allow this to be cut down. We are environmentalists, and we will fight to save the trees. Young man 2: I often come here for nature walks. Families and children come here for picnics. Some painters come here and make beautiful paintings. Middle-aged lady: T hat is right. This forest and the trees are very important for us. The animals and birds will also have nowhere to go. We’ll go to court. Why should the forest be destroyed? Let’s get orders to stop any construction work that may be taken up here. (They leave together.) (After a few days) Pine Tree: Good news! The Green Forest will not be cut down! Eucalyptus Tree and Neem Tree: Great news! Peepal Tree: (to the Pine Tree) Who told you that? 35

Pine Tree: W ell, I have my reliable sources. A little birdie told me the court has ordered that no construction should take place here. The environmentalists have saved us. Everyone is talking about it. We are all safe. All the trees: G od bless the environmentalists. 1) What was the first old man planning to make on the land? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What did the Pine Tree tell the other trees in the beginning? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3) Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms from the brackets. a) Her finger started to _____________________ when she cut it. (bled/bleed) b) R am _____________________ the arrow in his hand. (hold/held) c) The dog _____________________ Geeta as she tried to slap it. (bite/bit) 4) The meaning of the word ‘environmentalist’ is ______________________________________ ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) resident a) gain 2) facility b) a person who stays somewhere for a long time 3) profit c) amenity Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. Edward Lear was an illustrator, landscape painter, author and poet. Lear is still remembered for his ‘nonsense poetry’ for children, known as ‘limericks’ today. Before Lear’s writings, most literature written for children was filled with ‘common sense’ instruction. Edward Lear was a pioneer of short and funny poetic rhymes. For this reason, Edward Lear has become a truly evergreen author, fondly nicknamed as the ‘Father of Limericks’. 36

Edward Lear’s nonsense poems and drawings enabled a much- needed comic relief for the rigid society of Victorian England. Children were raised very strictly in the Victorian times, and their education excluded humour or laughter. Imagine the sheer delight that the children must have felt upon reading Lear’s works, in which the most ridiculous and absurd situations were presented as rhymes! Lear’s limericks are genuinely meaningless and lacks any punchline or purpose. Regardless of this, they were a desirable source of entertainment and escape from the repressive norms of the Victorian society. Despite being born and raised in England, Lear travelled abroad for most of his adult life. During his travels, he loved to draw animals and landscapes. He especially liked birds. Lear adored his friends and his dear cat named Sanreno. He eventually built the house of his dreams in Italy, where he passed away at the age of 75 in 1888. (Source: 1) What kind of children’s literature was common before the writings of Lear? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What did Lear love to do during his travels? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3) Write the simple past tenses of the words given in brackets. a) Edward Lear ____________________ (be) an illustrator, landscape painter, author and poet. b) Children ____________________ (feel) sheer delight upon reading Lear’s works. c) Lear eventually ____________________ (build) his dream house in Italy. 4) ‘Lear’s limericks are genuinely meaningless and lack any punchline or purpose.’ What does ‘punchline’ mean in this sentence? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) illustrator a) strict and severe 2) evergreen b) a person who draws pictures for publications 3) repressive c) forever remembered Reading Comprehension 37

R5 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. In the evening, the priest kept a light behind the curtain and stood there with his puppet. When he moved the puppet behind the curtain, it cast a dancing shadow on it that was clearly visible to the emperor on the other side. As the emperor sat in front of the curtain and watched the dancing shadow, he listened to the stories narrated by the priest. The stories were about the queen. They were simply wonderful and brought back many of the emperor’s wonderful memories. The emperor clapped his hands with joy and said, ‘I would like to watch the puppet show every evening. I am delighted.’ Every day, the emperor attended court, talked to his ministers and courtiers and then watched the puppet show in the evening. He started taking great interest in his people. He built schools and hospitals in the name of the departed queen. He felt very happy when crowds of people gathered around him and praised him wherever he went. They would cheerfully shout, ‘Hail the Emperor! Hail the mighty one!’ The priest spoke to him one day, ‘Your Majesty, joys and sorrows are part of life. Whenever a person faces sorrow, they should always think of the good things and happy moments in life. They act as a source of joy that drives away all the sadness and cheers one up. They teach us to live happily and do good deeds. We can try to make others happy while remembering those who are no longer with us.’ The emperor smiled and nodded. ‘I thank you for guiding me and for such wise words’, he said. 54

1) What stories did the priest narrate in the puppet show? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What did the emperor do before watching the puppet show every evening? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3) Fill in the blanks with the correct question tags. a) The king isn’t happy ______________________________________ b) The puppet show was great ______________________________________ c) The priest tried to help the king ______________________________________ 4) The meaning of the word ‘narrated’ is _______________________________________________ ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  emperor a)  dead 2)  memories b)  king 3)  departed c)  recollections You have read the first part of the story in this book. Can you find it? Now read the complete story again! Reading Comprehension 55

Passage 2 Read the passage and answer the questions given below. A bird came down the walk, He did not know I saw. He bit an Angleworm in halves, And ate the fellow, raw. And then he drank a dew, From a convenient grass. And then hopped sidewise to the wall, To let a beetle pass. He glanced with rapid eyes, That hurried all around. They looked like frightened beads, I thought, He stirred his velvet head. Like one in danger, cautious, I offered him a crumb. And he unrolled his feathers, And rowed him softer home. Than oars divide the ocean, Too silver for a seam. Or butterflies, off banks of noon, Leap, plash-less as they swim. – Emily Dickinson 1) Why did the bird hop sidewise to the wall? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2) What does the poet compare the eyes of the bird to? Ans. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 56

3) Underline the adjectives in the following phrases. a) And ate the fellow, raw. b) From a convenient grass. c) Too silver for a seam. 4) The meaning of ‘stirred’ in the passage is ____________________________________________ ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  dew a)  very careful 2)  cautious b)  tiny drops of water 3)  oars c)  tools used to row a boat Reading Comprehension 57

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