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Published by IMAX, 2020-02-05 01:30:47



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LOOK AND LEARN TEXTBOOK – PART 2 1 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX Program presents the latest version of the Magnolia series. The Magnolia series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. The Magnolia Look and Learn textbooks and workbooks envisage language learning through concerns pertaining to the learners’ immediate environment. They recognise the potential of languages available in the classroom for the enhancement of cognitive abilities along with language proficiency and sensitivity. They also strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The themes of the lessons are aligned with the themes recommended for English by the prescribed board curriculum. The books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. The Magnolia Look and Learn textbooks and workbooks offer the following features:  Interactive content that engages learners through a range of open- ended questions that build curiosity and initiate exploration of the immediate environment  Effective use of visual elements to enable learning of personal relationships, the neighbourhood, and the larger community  A focus on vocabulary building through observable materials, structures, processes and phenomena  Integrated learning of values and life skills  Promotion of participatory and contextualised learning through the engagement of all relevant stakeholders in the learning process Overall, the IMAX Magnolia Look and Learn textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to enhance language acquisition through exploration of the learners’ immediate physical, social and cultural experiences. They also hope to inculcate healthy habits, skills and values among learners to help them become responsible individuals. – The Authors

Textbook Features Let Us Learn About Think Contains the list of learning objectives to Introduces the concept/subtopic and be achieved in the lesson arouses curiosity among students Understanding Remembering Explains the aspects in detail that form Introduces new concepts to build on the the basis of the concept prerequisite knowledge/skills required to Includes elements to ensure that students understand and apply the objective of are engaged throughout the topic Application Amazing Facts Connects the concept to real-life Fascinating facts and trivia related to situations by enabling students to apply the concept what has been learnt through the practice questions Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Encourages students to extend the concept learnt to advanced application scenarios Activity Time Provides for hands-on experience with creating, designing and implementing something innovative and useful

Contents Class 1 8 Wings and Tails ...................................Science and Technology������������������������������ 1 9 What Should I Eat?..............................Health and Reproductive Health������������������ 6 1 0 In the Kitchen .....................................Health and Reproductive Health���������������� 12 Activity Time – B ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 Activity B1: Jal Tarang Activity B2: Fruit Salad 1 1 My House ............................................Self, Family, Home, Friends and Pets���������� 19 1 2 Story of the Wheel ..............................Travel and Tourism��������������������������������������� 24 1 3 Hot, Wet and Cold ..............................Science and Technology���������������������������� 30 Activity Time – C��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 Activity C1: Roller Activity C2: Rain Gauge

Lesson Wings and Tails 8 Let us Learn About R different animals around us. U types of animals. A day and night animals. H identifying different animals. Think Riya sees many animals in her alphabet chart. Some are big; some are small. Some can fly and some can walk. She wants to know the different types of animals around her. Can you help her? Remembering Animals can be seen all around us. Some animals can be seen inside our houses. Some can be seen only on farms or grounds near our houses. Some can be seen only in forests. 1

Animals Inside A House Some animals live in the farms, fields and houses. They are called domestic animals. They depend on humans for food, water, shelter and care. For example, dog, cat, cow, buffalo, chicken, sheep, goat, rabbit and so on. Domestic animals that live inside the house are called pets. For example, dogs, cats, rabbits, pet birds and so on. dog cat rabbit pet birds Domestic animals that live on farms and fields are called farm animals. They are very useful to us. For example, cow, buffalo, goat, horse and so on. cow buffalo horse goat Animals in the Jungle or Forests Some animals live in the jungle or forest. They are called wild animals. They find food, water and shelter on their own. For example, lion, giraffe, hyena, bear and so on. You may have seen them at the zoo. lion hyena giraffe bear Can we see wild animals around us? We can see only farm animals or domestic animals around us. But we may see some wild animals in the zoo. 2

Understanding Animals are of many types. Let us look at different animals. 1 Size: Different animals have different shape, size and colour. Animals like the lion, tiger and Animals like the dog, rabbit and elephant are cat are small in size. big in size. animals differ in size, shape and colour 2 Tail: Tails of animals also differ in shape and size. For example, the tail of a dog is smaller than the tail of a tiger. Some animals have a tail; some do not. animals that have a tail animals that do not have a tail 3 Moving from one place to another: Some animals have legs, and some animals have wings to move from one place to another. Animals with legs Animals with wings can walk. can fly. animals with legs animals with wings Wings and Tails 3

Some animals do not animals that do not have legs or wings have legs or wings. For example, snakes, fish, worms and so on. 4 Place: Some animals live in water. For example, fish, dolphins, Some animals live on land. whales, and so on. For example, lions, elephants, dogs, cats and so on. Some animals live on land as well frog crocodile as in water. For example, frogs and crocodiles. Application We know about many types of animals. Some animals are active during the day. They spend the whole night resting or sleeping. They are called day animals. For example, dog, monkey, elephant and so on. Some animals are not active monkey elephant during the day. They spend the bat mouse owl whole day resting or sleeping. They are called night animals. They are active at night. For example, bat, mouse, owl and so on. 4

Amazing Facts The pattern on the tiger’s body is stripes. No two tigers have the same stripes on their bodies. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) We have seen many different types of animals. • Wild and domestic animals • Day and night animals • Farm animals • Pet animals • Land and water animals Using these types, can you fill the given ‘Animal Letters Chart’? Wings and Tails 5

Lesson What Should I Eat? 9 Let us Learn About R the food we eat. U types of food. A food for good health. H eating food with others. Think Riya eats her meals on time. But she likes to eat rice and dal only. She does not like vegetables. Is it good? Remembering We eat food many times a day. Let us learn about the food we eat. Do you have a baby brother or sister? Small babies do not have teeth to chew. So, they mostly drink milk as food. Babies drink milk many times a day. baby drinking milk 6

What do you eat and drink? rice, dal, roti and vegetables You eat rice, dal, vegetables, roti and so on. You also eat milk and fruits. You may eat eggs and meat too. milk fruits egg cooked meat When do you eat? We eat food at different times eating of the day. breakfast In the morning, we have breakfast. We have lunch at noon and dinner at night. Understanding We learnt that small babies can drink only milk as food. As they grow, they start to eat soft food. Then they can eat khichdi, fruit pulp, juices and so on. When they get teeth, they start to eat hard (solid) food. Then, they eat food such as roti, rice and vegetables. The food we eat is of different types. Let us learn about them. Cereals (Grains) rice wheat What Should I Eat? 7

PULSES gram (chana) lentils (masoor dal) brinjals spinach VEGETABLES carrots Fruits apple grapes bananas oranges mango Milk and Milk Products curd butter cheese paneer eggs Meat and Eggs meat 8

Application Do your parents ask you to eat vegetables? They may also ask you to drink milk every day. Why do we need to eat all kinds of food? Let us find out. Food for Energy What happens if we do not eat food? We feel tired. We are not able to run or play. We need energy to study, run and play. Some food items give us energy. For example, cereals, oil, vegetables and fruits. cereals vegetables oil fruits Food to Grow and be Strong Some food items we eat help us to grow. They also make our body strong. For example, pulses, milk, meat, fish and eggs. pulses milk products fish meat eggs To grow and become strong, we should eat these food items. Milk makes our teeth and bones strong. We should drink milk everyday. What Should I Eat? 9

Food to Protect Some food items protect us from getting ill. Example: fruits, vegetables fruits leafy vegetables other vegetables Amazing Facts different types of apples There are around 7000 different types of apples. If we taste one type every day, it will take about 20 years to taste all the types. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) At home, we eat food with our family members. Sometimes a group of people eat together. For example, during festivals, weddings and so on. In some temples, people eat food together. People may eat together in places of worship like churches, mosques and gurudwaras. Have you heard of the midday meal in some schools? It is a free lunch given to children in those schools. It helps to make children healthy. 10

During the midday meal, children sit together and eat their food. family eating together people eating midday meal in the school food together Food is very important for us. We must eat our lunch everyday. In school, we eat our lunch with our friends and teachers. It is not good to waste food. We must not leave anything in our lunch boxes. students sharing lunch What Should I Eat? 11

Lesson In the Kitchen 10 Let us Learn About R raw food and cooked food. U reasons to cook food. A cooking and serving vessels. H good cooking and eating habits. Think Imagine you are hungry. There is no food ready to eat at that time. You found some brinjals in the fridge. Can you eat them? Why do we eat different food items in different ways? Remembering Look at the picture below. What kind of food do we see? We can see some fruits and vegetables. We can eat some of them raw. The food which we eat uncooked is called raw food. For example, orange, carrot, beetroot and so on. raw food 12

We do not eat brinjals raw. Similarly, we cannot eat raw grains, pulses and meat. We cook them before we eat. The food which is eaten after cooking is called cooked food. rice grains cooked rice wheat grains roti raw pulses cooked pulses raw pulses cooked pulses raw meat cooked meat Understanding What is cooking? Cooking is the method to make the food soft with the help of heat. For example, boiling, baking or other methods of cooking. Why do we need to cook certain food items? 1) To make the food soft: Some food items are hard. They are not easy to chew and swallow. Cooked ladies’ fingers are softer than the raw ones. Rice, dal and meat also become soft on cooking. raw and cooked ladies’ fingers raw and cooked dal In the Kitchen 13

2) T o make the food tasty: Think of eating raw potatoes and potato curry. The cooked potato curry is tasty. raw potatoes potato curry 3) T o kill the germs: Uncooked food contains a lot of germs in it. These germs can make us ill. Cooking kills the germs in the food and makes it safe to eat. Methods of Cooking These are the different methods of cooking. 1) Boiling: Cooking food in hot water, for example, eggs. 2) Frying: Cooking food in hot oil, for example, chips. 3) Steaming: Cooking food using steam, for example, idli. 4) Baking: Cooking food in the oven, for example, cake. boiling frying steaming baking Application We use different vessels for cooking and serving food. Cooking Vessels Vessels are picked based on the method of cooking. For example, we use pots for boiling. To fry, we use pans. We need a tava to make roti. Pressure cookers help us to boil and steam food. Spoons and ladles are used to mix food. 14

pot frying pan griddle (tava) pressure cooker spoons and ladles Serving Vessels We use different vessels and utensils for serving and eating food. For example, trays, plates, bowls, spoons, forks and so on. tray plates bowls spoons forks Amazing Facts In olden times, people did not know about fire. So, they ate all food raw. Can you imagine eating a raw fish? Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Who cooks the food in your house? Do other family members help in cooking? Your parents wash the food items washing raw food keeping food in before they cook them. Washing before cooking covered vessels helps to remove dirt and germs. They keep the cooked food in covered vessels. Dust and flies may spoil the food items if we leave them open. Why do your parents tell you to wash your hands before eating? In the Kitchen 15

Washing hands with soap helps to remove washing hands the dirt and germs. before meals Cooking Then and Now In olden times, cooking was done using firewood or chulhas. Now, we have gas stoves at our houses. We also have hot plates, ovens and so on. They have made cooking easier and faster. chulha gas stove hot plate oven 16

Activity Time – B Make sure you do these activities only with the help of your teacher or an adult. Activity B1: Jal Tarang Jal Tarang is one of the oldest musical instruments. It uses different sizes of bowls filled with different amounts of water and a metal spoon. You will need: six glasses, water and a metal spoon (Note: Handle the glass carefully while filling the water, draining the water and tapping with the spoon.) You need to: 1) fill all the glasses with water. 2) tap them with a spoon. You can hear a very pleasant sound. 3) drain half of the water from all the glasses. 4) tap them with a metal spoon. Now the sound has changed. 5) put different amounts of water in each glass. (Use small amounts of water to avoid wastage and spilling). 6) tap them with a spoon again. Now you can hear different sounds. 17

Activity B2: Fruit Salad Fruit salad is a tasty and healthy snack that you can make in a short time. You will need: soft fruits that are easy to cut or peel (bananas, oranges, grapes, apples), plastic utensils, cutting board and a mixing bowl You need to: 1) peel the bananas. Slice them into pieces on a chopping board. (Cut the fruits with the help of your teacher or parents only.) 2) wash the apple and cut it into small pieces. 3) wash the grapes and separate them. 4) add all of the fruits into a large bowl. 5) squeeze juice of one orange. 6) measure one-fourth cup of orange juice. 7) pour the orange juice into the bowl, mix all the ingredients, eat and enjoy! You can also make a fruit salad tree or other shapes using fruits. Different places in the world are famous for different types of salads. You can make salads with fruits or vegetables. Why is it important to wash fruits before different types of salads eating? Find out. We should eat fruits either half an hour before or two hours after our meals. 18

Lesson My House 11 Let Us Learn About r why we need a house to live. U the use of different rooms in the house. A keeping our houses clean. H decorating our houses. Think We have different rooms in our houses. We call them by different names. Why do we need different rooms? Remembering We live with our families in our houses. We eat, play and sleep in our houses. They keep us safe from the hot Sun, rain, thieves and wild animals. Houses have doors, windows and rooms. Rooms are of different sizes. Some houses have small rooms. Some have bigger ones. Some houses have many rooms. Some houses have few rooms. Some houses have a balcony too. 19

We call rooms by different names. Example: kitchen, dining room, drawing room, bedroom, bathroom different rooms in a house Understanding What does your mother do in the kitchen? Your friends come to your house to play with you. In which room do you play with them? Each room in our house has a special use. Let us discuss them. Kitchen: A kitchen is a room for cooking food. kitchen 20

Dining room: The family members sit dining room and eat in the dining room. Some families sit at the dining table to eat. Some families sit on the floor and eat. Where do you eat food in the house? Does your family eat together? Bedroom: We sleep in Bathroom: We bathe in our bathrooms. bedrooms. We also keep Some houses have the bathroom and clothes and toys here. the toilet together. We use bathrooms to take a shower, wash our hands and face. bedroom bathroom Drawing room: We use the drawing room when guests visit our houses. We can also do our homework here. We mostly keep the TV and sofa in these rooms. drawing room My House 21

Application things we need to keep the house clean The house we live in with our family is our home. We need to keep it clean and tidy. A clean house keeps us healthy. It keeps illness away. Do you help your parents in cleaning the house? Our parents keep the house clean. We should also help them by: 1) k eeping our books, toys, shoes and socks in their correct place. 2) keeping our beds clean. 3) keeping our clothes in their proper place. 4) k eeping the bathroom and toilet clean. Amazing Facts An igloo is a house made of snow. Here, the roof, walls and floor are made of snow. Igloos are found in very cold places. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Do you like to decorate your house? When do you decorate it? 22

What are the different things that you use to decorate different rooms in your house? Draw any three things that you decorate your house with on your birthday. (Hint: balloons) My House 23

Lesson Story of the Wheel 12 Let Us Learn About R the discovery of the wheel. U transport – then and now. A the different uses of the wheel. H pottery as a job. Think You must have seen a bus, a car or a bicycle. All the three have wheels. Do you know for what the wheel was first used? Remembering Do you like to ride a bicycle? Your bicycle or skates move on wheels. 24

Let us know how and when we started using wheels. The wheel was first used many years ago. potter’s wheel At first, it was used as a potter’s wheel – for making pots. It was a flat disc. Then a log of wood was used to roll log of wood load on a log things. People could easily move heavy things by keeping them on a log and rolling it. Roll your pencil on your desk. Now try to roll your eraser. Which one rolls easily? A round or circle shape rolls easier than other shapes. square rectangle circle pentagon oval star triangle rhombus hexagon Over time, the design of the wheel has changed. People in olden days came up with carts with wheels. They started using animal carts to carry heavy things. animal carts The wheel was first made of stone. Then people made wheels of wood. stone wheel wooden wheel Story of the Wheel 25

Wheels in olden times were animal carrying different from today. Wheels have heavy things changed from stone wheels to rubber wheels. Understanding We know that before the use of the wheel, people used animals such as horses, donkeys and cattle to carry heavy things. Now, we use vehicles with wheels to go from one place to another. Vehicles help us to travel and carry things. Most of the vehicles have wheels. Do a bicycle and a bus Two-wheeler bicycle have the same number cart bike of wheels? The number scooter of wheels is not the same in all vehicles. Let us see some examples. 26

Three-wheeler Four-wheeler auto rickshaw tricycle car Vehicles with more than four wheels bus truck Application Early humans used the wheels in many ways. • They were used to make carts. • They were used to draw water from wells. • Many old toys have wheels too. uses of wheel then Story of the Wheel 27

Do you see other places where wheels are used? Let us look at some of them. • Sewing machine • Giant wheel • Grinding grains • Making cloth (charkha) • Steering wheel • Water wheels to pump water sewing machine charkha giant wheel turbine steering wheel water wheel unicycle Amazing Facts There is a cycle which has only one wheel. It is called a unicycle. 28

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Do you drink water from earthen pots in summer? Who makes such pots? A potter makes earthen pots. A potter uses mud or clay to make these pots. He shapes the pots on the potter’s wheel. The pots are then dried to make them hard. Then, they are painted and decorated. The pots are now ready. A potter makes many such pots to sell. Story of the Wheel 29

Lesson Hot, Wet and Cold 13 Let Us Learn About R weather, climate and seasons. U types of seasons. A taking care in different seasons. H my favourite season. Think Noor loves to make paper boats when it rains. She wants it to rain during the whole year. Can it happen? Remembering On some days you feel cold. On some days you feel hot. Why do you feel hot or cold at different times of the day and year? What kind of a day is it today? Weather changes within a few hours. It can be sunny in the morning, hot in the afternoon and cold in the night. We may see different types of weather on the same day. It can be cloudy, hot, dry, sunny, windy, rainy and so on. 30

Climate is the weather of a place for a long time. hot climate cold climate Now, what is a season? Seasons are different parts of the year with a special climate. There are five seasons. They are: 1) summer 2) rainy (monsoon) 3) autumn 4) winter 5) spring summer rainy autumn winter spring Summer, winter and rainy are the main seasons. Autumn and spring are the short seasons. Hot, Wet and Cold 31

Understanding All five seasons have different climates. So, we eat different food and wear different clothes. Can you think of one food that you eat in summer but not in winter? Let us learn about the five seasons. 1) Summer: • Weather is very hot. • It is from April to June. 2) Rainy • It is from July to September. summer 3) Autumn: • Old leaves turn yellow and fall down. • It is from October to November. 4) Winter: rainy autumn • It is cold. • A t some places, there is snowfall. • It is from December to March. 5) Spring: winter • Some places also have a season called spring season. • We see new leaves and flowers. • It is from February to March. • It is not too hot or too cold. spring 32

Application Our body needs special care in each season. In summer, the weather is hot and dry. We sweat a lot. • We wear cotton clothes. • We should drink a lot of water. sweating during summer In winter, the weather is cold. • We wear warm clothes. In the rainy season, it rains and there is water everywhere. • W e use raincoats and umbrellas. we use in summer we use in winter we use in rainy season Different seasons affect our daily lives. What do you feel like eating in summers? Can you play outside in the rainy season? Hot, Wet and Cold 33

What happens to leaves and flowers in autumn? Amazing Facts In winter, the days are short and nights are long. In summer, the days are long but nights are short. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Which is your favourite season? Draw the scene. Collect pictures and paste them in your scrapbook. 34

Activity Time – C Make sure you do these activities only with the help of your teacher or an adult. Activity C1: Roller You will need: four bottle caps, a straw, a long cylindrical rod or toothpick, clay, empty match box and Fevicol You need to: 1) make holes on the four bottle caps with the help of your teacher or parents. The hole should be big enough to let the rod or toothpick pass through. 2) insert the rod or toothpick inside the straw. (The straw should be shorter in length than the rod.) 3) place the two bottle caps at both the ends of the rod. 4) seal both the ends with clay. Let it dry (preferably in the Sun). 5) do the same with the other two bottle caps. Now you have four wheels of your roller. 6) place the empty match box in the middle of both the straws. Stick it with Fevicol. Then let it dry for some time. This will make the body of your roller. Your roller is now ready. 35

Activity C2: Rain Gauge A rain gauge is used to measure the amount of rain falling over a period of time. Let us make our own rain gauge. You will need: an empty two-litre plastic bottle, scissors, sticky tape, ruler, paper, pencil You can also use a flat, straight sided jar to avoid the step of cutting the bottle and adding stones. (Always use scissors with the help of your teacher or parents.) You need to: 1) c ut the top of the bottle. 2) place some stones in the bottom of the bottle. This will make the bottom of the bottle straight so that you can measure the level of water easily. 3) turn the cut top upside down and tape it to the bottle step 1 as shown below. 4) use a ruler and marker pen to draw a scale on the bottle. step 2 step 3 step 4 5) pour water into the bottle until it reaches the bottom marking on the scale. This finishes your rain gauge. 6) put your rain gauge outside in the open and away from trees. 7) check how much water is filled in the bottle after the rain. Write down the amount of rainwater collected in your weather diary. 36

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