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9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text

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ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES – II WORKBOOK – PART 2 TM Class 5 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________ NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 1 12/15/2018 12:34:38 PM

Preface IMAX Program partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX Program presents the latest version of the Passport series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. Designed specifically for CBSE schools, the Passport series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005. Furthermore, to facilitate comprehensive coverage and improved understanding of diverse themes, the EVS curriculum has been split into EVS – I and EVS – II. Our books also strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The NCF 2005 advocates the creation of age-appropriate and easily relatable content that ensures that students can perceive social realities while imbibing the values of the Indian Constitution and human rights. The NCF also recommends the use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. These objectives are integrated in the Passport Social Studies textbooks and workbooks to provide a holistic learning experience to students. The key features of the Passport Social Studies books are as follows.  A rrangement of concepts based on the RUAH model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  Character and dialogue-based introductions to concepts to ground EVS – II concepts in reality to make them relatable to students  V isually engaging formats for the organisation and presentation of information  In-text activities to assist memorisation and understanding  Subject-related vocabulary building in every lesson  Use of timelines and historical maps to help students to develop timeline, map and globe skills  Use of maps and scenario-based questions in the workbooks  Integration of values and life skills  P romotes awareness and personal responsibility through dialogue and enquiry about the world around us Overall, the IMAX Passport series aims to enhance social, cultural and analytical skills for the intuitive and harmonious growth of an individual in an interconnected and independent global community. – The Authors NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 2 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Workbook Features I Remember I Understand Recollecting critical information Engaging with the ‘how’ and related to the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘why’ of the concept ‘when’ and ‘where’ of the concept I Explore (H.O.T.S.) I Apply Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and Applying the understanding of challenging questions that meet the concept to questions related the criteria of higher order to real-life scenarios thinking skills Map Practice 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM Developing spatial thinking abilities and sharpening map work skills for improved application and analysis of the concepts learned NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 3

Contents Class 5   6  Winning Freedom 6.1 R evolutionary Efforts towards Indian Freedom���������������������������������������������������������1   7 The Partition of India 7.1 The Partition of 1947����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6   8  Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 8.1 Human Rights and Human Rights Organisations����������������������������������������������������12 8.2 The Rights of Children������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������16   9  Our Government 9.1 India’s Democratic Government�����������������������������������������������������������������������������21  1 0 Industries of India 10.1 Need and Classification of Industries���������������������������������������������������������������������26    Map Practice����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������32 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 4 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Lesson Winning Freedom 6 Concept 6.1: Revolutionary Efforts towards Indian Freedom I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) Who among the following travelled to Europe to learn about training [    ] revolutionaries? [    ] (A)  V D Savarkar (B)  Hemchandra Kanungo (C)  Bhagat Singh (D)  Lala Lajpat Rai 2) Which of the following groups was run by V D Savarkar? (A)  Anushilan Samiti (B)  Hindustan Republic Association (C)  Mitra Mela (D)  Indian National Army Fill in the Blanks 3) A/An ________________________ is a person who participates or leads in a revolution. 4) ________________________ was an important member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Very Short Answer Questions 5) Which newspaper was published by the Anushilan Samiti to educate the masses and get their support? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name any two groups of people among whom the HSRA wanted to spread their ideas. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 5 1 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Short Answer Question 7) What did Bhagat Singh do to ‘make the deaf hear’? When did he do this? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) The Chauri Chaura incident started the Non-Cooperation Movement. [    ] 9) British goods in Indian markets led to losses for the Indian artisans [    ] and farmers. [    ] 10) Gandhi chose passive resistance as a way to achieve freedom. [    ] 11) Sweet-makers refused to use foreign sugar during the Non-Cooperation Movement. Short Answer Questions 12) Which path did Gandhi urge the Indians to follow? Why? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Look at the picture and answer the following questions. (a)  Identify the place in Amritsar where people were massacred in 1919. (b)  What happened during this incident? Ans. _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 2 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 6

Long Answer Question 14) Some significant events in the course of India’s struggle for freedom are given below. Draw a timeline arranging these events in order. •  1920  – The Non-Cooperation •  1947  – India gained Movement was led by Gandhi Independence •  1915  – Gandhi returned •  1917  – T he Champaran Satyagraha to India occurred •  1930  – G andhi marched to •  1922  – T he Chauri Chaura Dandi and made salt incident took place •  1929  – T he INC demanded •  1942  – G andhi launched the Purna Swaraj Quit India Movement Ans. I Apply Multiple Choice Questions 15) Who among the following freedom fighters built an army? [     ] (A)  (B)  Mahatma Gandhi Subhas Chandra Bose NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 7 Winning Freedom 3 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

(C)  (D)  Lakshmi Swaminathan Bhagat Singh 16) Which of the following events and individuals are correctly matched? [     ] (A)  Champaran Satyagraha — Jawaharlal Nehru (B)  Jallianwala Bagh Massacre — General Mountbatten (C)  Kakori Conspiracy Case — Chandrashekhar Azad (D)  Lahore session of the Indian National Congress — Rajguru Short Answer Questions 17) Did Bose’s Indian National Army include men and women? Give an example to support your answer. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Imagine you are part of a movement against the British for not allowing you to make salt. Of which famous event are you a part of? Which famous leader is associated with this event? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) On 8 August 1942, Gandhi launched a movement and raised the slogan, ‘Do or Die’. Complete the graphic organiser to show how different groups of people responded to this movement. 4 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 8

Ans. Congress leaders All India Muslim League British Indian government _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ Name of the movement ____________________________________ I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) India gained freedom on 15 August 1947. If you were the first Prime Minister of independent India, mention two steps you would take to develop the country. What kind of challenges do you think you would face in carrying out those plans? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Winning Freedom 5 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 9 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Lesson The Partition of India 7 Concept 7.1: The Partition of 1947 I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) Who among the following was against the Partition of India? [    ] (A)  (B)  M K Gandhi Queen Victoria (C)  (D)  Muhammad Ali Jinnah Lord Mountbatten 2) Which policy of the British led to the creation of political parties based on [    ] religious groups? (A)  unite and self-rule (B)  divide and leave (C)  divide and rule (D)  separate and self-rule 6 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 10

Fill in the Blanks 3) The ________________________ half of Bengal was separated from India during Partition. 4) The All India Muslim League was formed in the year ________________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Name the All India Muslim League leader who demanded the creation of a separate country for Muslims. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6) When was the decision to divide British India taken? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) What were the two main causes for the Partition of India? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Circle the Correct Word 8) There have been 16 / 17 general elections held in India. 9) The new country created during the Partition was Bangladesh / Pakistan. 10) The British tried to remove English / Arabic schools. 11) The laws in British India were fair / unfair to the Indians. Short Answer Questions 12) Outline two ways in which the British were able to break the unity of Indians. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ The Partition of India 7 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 11 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

13) The picture shows Jawaharlal Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah discussing the Partition of India.  (a) Which political parties did these two leaders belong to? (b) In which year did these parties decide to split India? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) What were the consequences of the Partition of British India? Do you think the Partition had positive outcomes? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Apply Multiple Choice Questions 15) Shubhro and Jyoti were planning the location of new companies in India in 1950s. Which of the following groups do you think they were working in? [    ] (A)  Planning Commission (B)  All India Muslim League (C)  Indian National Congress (D)  British government 16) Imagine you are a farmer in 1947. For which of the following demands are [    ] you least likely to approach the government? (A)  for better irrigation facilities (B)  to have better tools for farming (C)  to have the choice of (D)  to increase the taxes on crops deciding which crop to grow 8 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 12 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Short Answer Questions 17) Observe the graph. Do you notice a Yield of crop in kg per hectare in India trend? What could be responsible for such a change? 12000 10000 Ans. __________________________________ 8000 __________________________________ 6000 __________________________________ 4000 __________________________________ 2000 __________________________________ 0 Rice Wheat Pulses 1940 1950 18) Look at the two maps given below and answer the following questions. Map of India before Independence Current map of India a)  What is the difference between the two maps? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ b)  What is the cause of this difference? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ The Partition of India 9 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 13 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Long Answer Question 19) Read the clues and solve the crossword. Down 1)  It means 'dividing something into parts’. 2) The All India Muslim League promised to work for these people. 3) It helped the farmers to increase the yield of their lands. Across 4) This river flows through India and Pakistan. 5)  He was the author of the novel 1 Train to Pakistan. 6) It is to be held every five years in India. 2 7)  G overnor-General who declared that British India would get freedom. 8)  India adopted it on 26 January 1950. 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 14

I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) You have read in detail about why India was partitioned. With the help of your elders and other sources, find out about other countries that were partitioned. Hints: •  What were the names of the original countries and the new countries? •  When did the partitions take place? •  What were the main reasons behind the partitions? •  How were people affected by the partitions? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ The Partition of India 11 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 15 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM

Lesson Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 8 Concept 8.1: Human Rights and Human Rights Organisations I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) When is Human Rights Day celebrated every year? [    ] [    ] (A) 7 June (B)  12 January (C)  9 March (D)  10 December 2) Which of the following is the logo of the United Nations? (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  Fill in the Blanks 3) Each worker has the right to ________________________ pay for equal work. 4) The NHRC reviews laws from time to time to check if they protect and promote ________________________. Very Short Answer Questions 5) What was established in 2006 to protect the human rights of people around the world? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 12 12/15/2018 12:34:39 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 16

6) Name any one basic human right. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘human rights’. Name one thing human rights do not depend on. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) Dowry is not an example of human rights violation.  [    ] 9) The human rights of many people were not preserved during World War II. [    ] 10) The United Nations was established in 1945 to provide better military [    ] equipment to countries all over the world. [    ] 11) Child labour is a common example of human rights violation in India. Short Answer Questions 12) What did the world leaders decide after World War II? Why? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Give any two examples of human rights violations that are common in India. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) Why do human rights need protection? Who are the people that need to be protected in particular? Can you think of a way in which their rights are violated? Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 13 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 17 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Apply Multiple Choice Questions 15) Identify the picture in which a child’s right is not getting violated. [    ] (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  16) Identify the person who works to protect human rights. [    ] (A)  Name: Almas (B)  Name: Karan Occupation: sells clothes Occupation: helps poor in a store children get admission in schools (C)  Name: Sukhbir (D)  Name: Janet Occupation: makes Occupation: plays hockey in wooden furniture the national hockey team 14 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 18

Short Answer Questions 17) N ame an organisation which works to create awareness among people about their human rights. How does creating awareness of human rights help people? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Ravi and Aditya are classmates. Ravi sometimes accompanies his mother to Aditya’s house where she works as the domestic help. However, Ravi is always served food outside the house and on a separate plate. Do you think this is a violation of Ravi’s human rights? Why? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) F rom the given word splash, choose words to make up names of four organisations that work for the protection of human rights. Write about any one of them. National Campaign Harassment HumanCoUmnRmitigeisdhstisoNnDatiUgionnniitvsyeMrsCoaMolvueendmchielantRightChild India Patkar Organs Labour Honour International Vigil Women for Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 15 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 19 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Narrate an incident where you saw someone’s human rights getting violated. Write a slogan to raise awareness about such violations. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Concept 8.2: The Rights of Children I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following groups should have child rights? [    ] (A)  the children of your school (B)  the children of your city (C)  the children of the world (D)  the children of your neighbourhood 2) Which of the following is an important right of all children? [    ] (A)  to play and rest (B)  to drive cars (C)  to marry (D)  to vote in elections Fill in the Blanks 3) Every child has the right to be protected from ________________________. 4) The ________________________ on the Rights of the Child was signed in the year 1989. Very Short Answer Questions 5) Till what age is someone considered to be a child? 16 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 20 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Name a work which violates a child’s rights if they are forced to do it. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘child rights’. Give one example. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Match the Following Column A Column B 8) child labour a) marriage before reaching 9) unclean drinking water the legal age 10) child soldier b)  children working in an army 11) child marriage c) children missing school to work in factories d)  various diseases Short Answer Questions 12) How are child rights harmed in case of child marriages? How can it be prevented in India? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13) How are children affected when they do not get clean drinking water and food? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 17 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 21 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Long Answer Question [    ] 14) Give a term for the actions shown in the given pictures. Why is it considered harmful? Give two more examples of the same. Ans. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ I Apply Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which of these pictures does not show a child being ill-treated? (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  18 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 22

16) Which of these pictures shows how children should spend their days? [    ] (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  Short Answer Questions 17) A son was born to a family in 2001. The parents plan to get him married this year. Are they violating their son’s rights? How? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 18) If you see a child being beaten and ill-treated, which organisation should you contact? How would you contact them? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) You have read about a few important child rights. Now make a list of four rights you would like to have at home as well as in school. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Your Right, My Right: Human Rights 19 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 23 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 2 0) Read the newspaper report given above and answer the following questions. a)  Which type of child rights violation is the newspaper talking about? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ b)  Why, in your opinion, was the boy forced to work for long hours? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ c)  Do you think his employers paid him a salary? Why do you think so? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ d)  Can something be done to improve the situation of similar children? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 20 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 24

Lesson Our Government 9 Concept 9.1: India’s Democratic Government I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) Who were the rulers of India earlier? [    ] (A)  (B)  kings and queens military leaders (D)  (C)  police elected representatives 2) Who has the right to vote in a democracy? [    ] (A)  (B)  only men only women (C) (D)  only people above the age of 60 people above the age of 18 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 25 21 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Fill in the Blanks 3) In a democracy, ________________________ take place at regular intervals. 4) The ________________________ are the most powerful group in a democracy. Very Short Answer Questions 5) When did India become a free country? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Where can people complain against the wrongdoers in a democracy? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Question 7) Define ‘democracy’. Write any one feature of a democracy. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ 8) In India, we choose our representatives through elections. [    ] 9) In India, elections are held after every three years. [    ] 10) Voters need to tell everyone who they voted for. [    ] 11) The urban local government looks after for the welfare of people [    ] living in villages. Short Answer Questions 12) Complete the following diagram to show the ways in which the government helps us. 22 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 26

a) It installs Government b) It provides _________________. _________________. c) It looks after the d) It looks after the _________________. _________________ of the country. 13) How does the government manage different departments such as agriculture, education and so on? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 14) In four steps, explain the election process in India. Ans. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Apply [    ] Multiple Choice Questions 15) Today is Mary’s fifteenth birthday. How long will she have to wait before she can vote? (A) 6 years    (B) 5 years    (C) 4 years    (D) 3 years Our Government 23 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 27 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

16) Ria, Ali and John belong to the POS party. Ria and Ali won in the 2014 general [    ] election, but John lost. Which of the following statements is true?  (A)  All the three will become members of the Lok Sabha. (B)  None of the three will become members of the Lok Sabha. (C)  Only Ria and Ali will become members of the Lok Sabha. (D)  John will become a member of the Executive. Short Answer Questions 17) Are the roles of the Judiciary and the Executive related to each other? If yes, how? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Suppose elections in an Indian state were held in 2016. When will the next elections be held? Why? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question 19) In the recent national elections, Hasan was elected by the people of Mehsana, Gujarat. Gurmeet was elected to be a part of a house in which the Vice President of India is an important member. Based on this information, answer the following questions. a)  Which houses of the Parliament were they elected to? b)  What are the other names for these houses? c)  How did Gurmeet get elected? d)  Who is an important member in the house that Hasan got elected to? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 24 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 28

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) Look at this picture. A person is seen applying an ink mark on the index finger of another person. Ink is applied on the index fingers of all the people who vote during an election. Have you seen this mark on your family members’ fingers? Why do you think the ink mark is applied on a voter’s finger? In how many years do you think you will be able to vote? Why? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Our Government 25 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 29 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Lesson Industries of India 10 Concept 10.1: Need and Classification of Industries I Remember Multiple Choice Questions 1) Whom do the industries pay taxes to? [    ] [    ] (A)  the customers (B)   the government (C)  the shopkeepers (D)  the suppliers of raw materials 2) Which one among these is not a manufacturing industry? (A)  automobile (B)  iron and steel (C) tourism (D) electronic goods Fill in the Blanks 3) ________________________ refers to a group of factories, companies or businesses that produce similar kinds of goods or services. 4) ________________________ industries are not involved in manufacturing. Answer in One Word 5) Which industry provides services related to travel? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6) During the seventeenth century, special places were built to keep big machines. What were these places called? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 26 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 30

Short Answer Question 7) Give any two reasons why industries are important. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ I Understand Circle the Correct Word 8) Car-repairing is a cottage / small-scale industry. 9) Small-scale industries employ thousands / hundreds of people. 10) Cottage / Large-scale industries require huge sums of money to run them. 11) Cottage industries make use of simple / complex tools. Short Answer Questions 12) Where would the following industries operate from? a)  toy-making industry — _______________________________ b)  utensil manufacturing industry — _______________________________ c)  aircraft-making industry — _______________________________ d)  furniture manufacturing industry — _______________________________ 13) Which type of industry makes use of small and less powerful machines? What else do they need to operate? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Industries of India 27 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 31 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Long Answer Question 14) Complete the given mind map about the features of large-scale industry in your own words. Ans. Features of Large-scale Industry ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ I Apply Multiple Choice Questions 15) Which among the following is not a large-scale industry? [    ] (A)  (B)  28 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 32

(C)  (D)  16) Which among these is not a cottage industry?  [    ] (A)  (B)  (C)  (D)  Short Answer Questions 17) Prayag’s company makes handkerchiefs from cotton, which is purchased from farmers. There are about 237 people working in the company. What kind of industry does Prayag work in? Why do you think so? Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Industries of India 29 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 33 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

18) On the given map, name and colour a state where cars are made. Name and colour another state where iron is used as raw material in factories. Make a key for the map. Ans. 30 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 34

Long Answer Question 19) Imagine you want to set up an industry. What kind of industry will you set up? What will you name it? Write any two important things you will keep in mind while setting up your industry. Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ I Explore (H.O.T.S.) Long Answer Question 20) A big steel company is starting a large steel factory in the village of Madhavpur. The steel company will be sending around 150 employees to live and work in the new factory. They will need 400 more people to work in the factory. Here is some information about Madhavpur. •  The major occupations of people are farming and pottery. •  Many farmers own small plots of land. •  There are two village schools and one hospital. In what ways do you think will the village be impacted by the new factory?  Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Industries of India 31 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 35 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Map Practice 1) Find out and write down the names of the modern Indian states where the following events took place. Colour and label the states on the map of India given below. Events States Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Dandi March Champaran Satyagraha 32 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 36

2) Find out the names of any four cities where sessions of the INC took place before Independence. Mark them on the map of India given below. Ans._ Map Practice 33 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 37 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

3) One the given map of India, colour and label one state each where you will find the following industries. Also mark the capital cities of these four states. a)  Iron and steel industry b)  Textile industry c)  Shipbuilding industry d)  Engineering industry Ans. 34 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 38

4) Find out the names of the cities where you will find the headquarters of the following bodies and organisations. Use an atlas to mark and label the cities on the map given below. a)  United Nations b)  National Human Rights Commission c)  CHILDLINE India d)  United Nations Human Rights Council Ans. 5) The names of four Indian cities as they were known in British India have been given. Write down the present day names of these cities. Mark and label them on the map. Name in British India Present day name Calcutta Madras Trivandrum Cawnpore Pondicherry Mysore Allahabad Calicut Map Practice 35 NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 39 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM

Ans. 36 12/15/2018 12:34:40 PM NR_BGM_9789388751377 PASSPORT G05 EVS II WORKBOOK PART 2_Text.pdf 40


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