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5.pdf 1 01/10/2018 19:13:54GENERAL 5KNOWLEDGEName: ___________________________________Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________School: __________________________________


LESSON 1FAMOUS PEOPLEPersonalitiesTheodor Seuss Geisel (March 2, 1904 – September 24, 1991):He was an American writer and illustrator. He is best known for authoringpopular children’s books under the pen name Dr. Seuss. He wrote several ofthe most popular children’s books of all time. His works have sold over 600million copies and have been translated into over 20 languages.Some of Dr. Seuss’ famous books are given in column A. Match them to their date ofpublication given in column B.    Column A     Column B1) a) August 12, 19602) b) December 21, 19373) c) October 12, 19504) d) March 12, 1957 1

Do Dr. Seuss won two Academy Awards – one for his animatedyou short story ‘Gerald McBoing-Boing’ and the other one forknow? his documentary about Japanese culture called ‘Design for Death’.Sunita Williams (September 19, 1965 to present): She is an Americanastronaut and United States Navy officer of Indo-Slovenian descent.She used to hold the records for total spacewalks by a woman(seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman (50 hours 40minutes). Williams was assigned to the International Space Station asa member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served asa flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then as the commander ofExpedition 33.Find out the duration of each expedition.1) Expedition 14: __________________________________________________2) Expedition 15: __________________________________________________3) Expedition 32: __________________________________________________4) Expedition 33: __________________________________________________Margaret Thatcher (October 13, 1925 – April 8, 2013): She was aBritish politician, who served as the Prime Minister of the UnitedKingdom from 1979 to 1990, and was the Leader of the ConservativeParty from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British PrimeMinister of the 20th century and was the first woman to have heldthe office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her the ‘Iron Lady’, a nameeveryone started using for her because of her outspokenness,uncompromising politics, tough nature and leadership style. As PrimeMinister, she advocated several economic and political policies thatwere collectively described as Thatcherism.Find out more about Margaret Thatcher by finding the answers to these questions.1) When was Margaret Thatcher born?Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________2

2) Why was Margaret known as the ‘Milk Snatcher’?Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________3) Who nicknamed Margaret the ‘Iron Lady’?Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________4) Which country awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom?Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________5) Under Margaret’s rule, which war was won by the British troops?Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947): He was an Americanindustrialist and the founder of the Ford Motor Company. Hesponsored the development of the moving assembly line techniqueof mass production. It marked the beginning of the Second IndustrialRevolution. Ford developed and manufactured automobiles thatcould be afforded by many middle-class Americans for the first time.Thus, automobiles were no longer a luxury reserved only for the rich.They could be purchased and used by common people.This is Ford’s revolutionary Model T car. Can you find out some of the salient features ofthis car?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Find out about the assembly line technique of production introduced by Ford._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3

Steve Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011): He was anAmerican information technology entrepreneur and inventor. Hewas the co-founder, chairman and chief executive officer (CEO)of Apple Inc., the largest shareholder and chairman of PixarAnimation Studios, and the founder, CEO and chairman of NeXT.He was also on The Walt Disney Company’s board of directorsafter it acquired Pixar. Jobs is widely recognised as a pioneer ofthe microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along withApple co-founder Steve Wozniak. In 1973, during his early career,Steve Jobs worked as a technician for Steve Woznaik. At the timehe was living a simple life in a cabin, working at Atari and saving money for his plannedtrip to India. His hard work and dedication earned him great success. Shortly after hisdeath, Jobs’ official biographer, Walter Isaacson described him as, ‘the creativeentrepreneur whose passion for perfection and ferocious drive revolutionised six industries:personal computers, animated movies, music, phones, tablet computing and digitalpublishing.’You must have seen a few of the many animated films produced by Pixar and Disney.The pictures of some renowned animated movies are given in the box below. Find outthe names of the movies which have been produced by Pixar or Disney and write theirnames in the space provided. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 9) 8) 10) 4

Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________William Henry ‘Bill’ Gates III (October 28, 1955 to present): He is anAmerican business magnate, philanthropist, investor and computerprogrammer. In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft,which became the world’s largest PC software company. During hiscareer at Microsoft, Gates has held the positions of chairman, CEOand chief software architect. He was also the company’s largestindividual shareholder until May 2014. He is considered to be one ofthe wealthiest people in the world.Bill Gates has authored and co-authored several famous books. Complete the names ofsome of these books.1) The __________________________ Optimist2) The Road ______________________3) ____________________________ for Life4) Business @ the _____________________________________Fun Bill Gates, Walt Disney, Abraham Lincoln, Henry Ford, SteveFact! Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg and Thomas Edison had no college degrees. 5

LESSON 2CONSERVING NATUREForestryForests are very important and among the most valuable of nature’sresources. They play a key role in the maintenance of the watercycle, which is essential for the sustenance of ground water andfor soil conservation. They provide shelter to many forms of wildlife.Forests also benefit the atmosphere through climate control andprovide oxygen for breathing. So, the need to protect and developthem can never be stressed enough.Multiple Choice Questions1) Which of the following international organisations works onissues related to conservation, research and restoration of theenvironment? [    ] (A) World Wildlife Fund (B) World Bank (C) UNESCO (D) Save Tiger Now2) Project Tiger, a programme to maintain a viable population oftigers in India and to chalk out areas for their habitat, was launchedin the year [    ] (A) 1975 (B) 1971 (C) 1974 (D) 19736

3) We all know that the Kaziranga National Park is a place where rhinos can [    ] live safely, away from hunters. What is the term used for such careful use [    ] and protection of nature? [    ] (A) Biofriendly (B) Eco-friendly [    ] [    ] (C) Degradation (D) Conservation [    ]4) What is the natural environment of a living organism called? (A) Habitat (B) Surroundings (C) Environment (D) Biosphere5) What is the process of collecting, processing and reusing waste materials called? (A) Reworking (B) Recycling (C) Reusing (D) Reprocessing6) Which one of the following has maximum genetic diversity in India? (A) Tea (B) Teak (C) Wheat (D) Mango7) The Giant Panda is the official symbol of the World Wide Fund for Nature. In which country is this animal found? (A) China (B) India (C) Myanmar (D) New Zealand8) Many scientists think that increased levels of __________________ in the atmosphere are causing global warming. (A) Nitrogen (B) Carbon Dioxide (C) Hydrogen (D) Oxygen 7

Match the images of some animals that are endangered with their respective names.1) a) Snow Leopard2) b) Saola3) c) Lion-tailed Macaque4) d) Indian Rhinoceros Do Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park (in you Karnataka), Mudumalai National Park (in Tamil Nadu)and know? Wayanad Sanctuary (Kerala) together form the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which is the largest Biosphere Reserve of India.Match these famous animal and bird sanctuaries to the states where they are located.    Column A     Column B1) Gir National Park a) Kerala2) Manas Wildlife Sanctuary b) Odisha3) Sunderbans National Park c) Madhya Pradesh4) Jim Corbett National Park d) Gujarat5) Periyar National Park e) Assam6) Chilka Bird Sanctuary f) Rajasthan7) Tal Chappar Wildlife Sanctuary g) West Bengal8) Bandhavgarh National Park h) Uttarakhand 8

Do Ranthambore National Park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuaryyou in 1955 and it got its status of a National Park in 1980.know?All about Natural ResourcesNatural Sources of WaterMultiple Choice Questions1) Which is the longest river in India? [    ] (A) Godavari (B) Ganga (C) Brahmaputra (D) Yamuna2) Which river descends over a cliff to form the famous Barachukki and [    ] Gaganachukki Falls? (A) Tungabhadra (B) Krishna (C) Kaveri (D) Narmada3) On which river is the holy shrine of Pandharpur situated? [    ] (A) Krishna (B) Ravi (C) Godavari (D) Bhima4) One of the oldest and holiest Indian cities lies on the banks of the river [    ] Shipra. What is the name of the city? (A) Ujjain (B) Gandhinagar (C) Chandipur (D) Mysore5) Which river is believed to be the daughter of the Mountain King, Himavat? [    ] (A) Krishna (B) Ganga (C) Godavari (D) Kaveri6) Name the river whose main tributary is Tungabhadra. [    ] (A) Krishna (B) Godavari (C) Kaveri (D) Narmada7) Which river is often called the ‘Southern Ganga’? [    ] (A) Godavari (B) Krishna (C) Sarayu (D) Kaveri 9

8) Which river joins the river Ganga at Prayag? [    ] (A) Godavari (B) Krishna (C) Yamuna (D) KaveriIdentify the pictures of some famous rivers across the globe.(Flows in Northeastern Africa, (River in South America) longest river in the world)(Situated in England, the second (Major river flowing in longest river in the UK) South Asia) (Longest river in Asia and (Second longest river in Europe) situated in China)10

Interesting Facts about Oceans and Seas:• The Pacific is the largest and the deepest ocean in the world.• The Dead Sea is so salty because it is surrounded by a hot desert. The intense heat causes seawater to evaporate faster. Thus, large quantities of salt remain in the sea, as water goes into the air.• The Red Sea in the Indian Ocean is one of the saltiest bodies of water. The Red Sea got its name from the explosive growth of a type of algae that dyes the normally blue water a reddish-brown.• Dead Sea (also known as Salt Sea) exerts a lot of upward force due to the large quantity of salt in it, so people can remain afloat in the lake or can swim with no effort.• The Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean. The temperature of surface water sometimes touches 36.6˚C.• The word ‘pacific’ means peaceful. Actually, when people first discovered it, they found the Pacific Ocean very calm and peaceful. So, they named it ‘Pacific’.Renewable Sources of EnergyLook at the images and identify the different sources of energy.1) The energy from the Sun is called ________________________ energy.2) The Sun provides us with__________________ and ___________________.3) ____________________ energy is used to generate electricity using solar panels.4) The energy from the wind is called ________________________ energy.5) Wind is converted into electricity with the help of _______________________.6) Wind is a ________________________ resource, because it is not limited.7) Water energy is also called ________________________.8) Water is now used to produce ________________________.9) ________________________ are constructed in order to produce electricity using water.Fun Plants use the Sun’s energy to make their own food through theFact! chemical reaction called photosynthesis. Hence, when we eat fruits and vegetables, we are actually getting calories from the Sun. 11

LESSON 3SCIENCE AROUND USHealth and DiseasesRead the symptoms of a disease and guess the disease. Use theword bank below for help.Word Chickenpox    Fever    Conjunctivitis    DiarrhoeaBank1) This disease causes the body temperature to rise above 37˚C, sometimes accompanied by cold and sore throat.Ans. _________________________________________________________________2) An infectious disease causing mild fever and a rash of itchy, inflamed pimples that turn into blisters. It lasts about two weeks and is communicable in nature.Ans. _________________________________________________________________3) This disease is caused due to food poisoning. A person with this disease gets loose motions and will have little to no appetite. The body becomes weak and dehydrated.Ans. _________________________________________________________________ 12

4) This disease affects the eye and is also called ‘pinkeye’. It affects the outer layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It causes irritation, pain and itchiness in the eye. It is communicable.Ans. __________________________________________________________________________________Identify the following diseases as communicable or non-communicable diseases.1) Flu: ________________________________2) Cancer: ________________________________3) Diabetes: ________________________________4) Measles: ________________________________5) Hypertension: ________________________________6) Rabies: ________________________________7) Tuberculosis: ________________________________8) Hepatitis: ________________________________9) Asthma: ________________________________10) HIV/AIDS: ________________________________11) Leprosy: ________________________________12) Kala-azar: ________________________________13) Typhoid: ________________________________Do One in eight deaths in the world is due to cancer. Canceryou causes more deaths than AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malariaknow? combined. 13

Learn About Body JointsFrom the picture given below learn about the various body joints in our bodies.Fun The funny bone in the human body is not a bone at all. It isFact! actually a nerve known as the ‘ulnar nerve’. The ulnar nerve lets our brain know about the feelings in our fourth and fifth fingers.14

Medical ElectronicsLook at the images and identify the various machines used in a hospital. 15

LESSON 4GREEN EARTHPlant GroupingsEvergreen or DeciduousEvergreen trees, as the name suggests, have leaves throughout the year. On the otherhand, deciduous trees lose all their leaves in autumn, becoming completely bare.Complete the names of the evergreen and deciduous trees. Use the word bank for help.Word Juniper   Aspen   Pine   Maple   Oak   BeechBank Eucalyptus   Spruce   Birch   Fir   Hemlock   PoplarEvergreen Trees Deciduous TreesP ___ ___ e M ___ ___ l__E ___ c___l ___ ___ t___ s ___ i___ ___ hF ___ ___ A ___ ___ ___ n___ u___ i ___ ___ r ___ a ___S ___ ___ ___ c___ P ___ p___ ___r16

Evergreen Trees Deciduous Trees___ ___ m ___ o___ ___ B ___ e ___ hCarnivorous PlantsWrite the names of the carnivorous plants based on their descriptions. Use the word bankfor help.Word Venus flytrap Butterwort Bank Nepenthes Drosera Sarracenia1) They are often called sundews. They attract unsuspecting insects with this ‘dew’, and are able to ensnare and even digest their prey.Ans. ______________________________________2) They are known for their hinged, leafy ‘jaw’ that snaps together to trap and consume unsuspecting insects or small prey.Ans. ______________________________________3) They are also known as tropical pitchers because of their pitcher-like shape and are carnivorous plants native to tropical habitats in Australia, Asia and Madagascar.Ans. ______________________________________4) They look similar to normal flower species and for this reason, they often fool their prey and people. They are found mostly in North America.Ans. ______________________________________5) They are a large group of carnivorous bog plants that trap and digest insects using a sticky secretion on their leaves. They bear a single white, purple, blue or yellow flower on a leafless stalk.Ans. ______________________________________ 17

Multiple Choice Questions1) What do carnivorous plants eat? [    ] [    ] (A) Arachnids and insects (B) Steering Wheels [    ] (C) Dead Ants (D) Carcass2) How many species of carnivorous plants are there? (A) More than 17 (B) Less than 100 (C) Around 150 (D) More than 7503) In which of the world’s regions are carnivorous plants not found? (A) Asia (B) Antarctica (C) Iceland (D) ArcticDo Scientists found a carnivorous plant called pitcher plant in theyou Philippines. It is so large that it can trap rats.know?Plant ProcessesComplete the crossword with the help of the clues provided.Across: Down:2) The process of metabolising (burning) 1) The transfer of pollen grains is called sugars to yield energy for growth, _______________. reproduction and other life process5) The loss of water vapour through the 3) The process of capturing light energy stomata of leaves and converting it to sugar energy, in the presence of chlorophyll using6) A change in a plant’s structure of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) behaviour that helps it survive 4) The sprouting of a plant18


LESSON 5 ANIMAL PLANETRiding the Food ChainMultiple Choice Questions How does energy flow through the ecosystem?1) Which food chain correctly describes the flow of energy in an ecosystem? [    ](A) G rass goat human (B) Caterpillar leaf human(C) Cow grass human (D) Leaf bird caterpillar20

2) Rabbits eat grass and other plants to survive, but they do not eat animals. What kindof animals are rabbits? [    ]Grass Rabbit Fox (B)   Carnivores (A)   Decomposers (C)   Producers (D)   Herbivores3)  How do decomposers help other organisms in an ecosystem? [    ] (A) They break down dead organisms and add nutrients back to the soil which the plants can then use. (B)  They use sunlight to make their own food that other organisms eat for energy. (C)  They help disperse seeds for plant growth. (D)  Decomposers do not help other organisms in an ecosystem.4) In what order do a hawk, grass, and rabbit form a food chain in a meadow? [    ] (A)  Hawk grass rabbit (B)  Grass hawk rabbit (C)  Rabbit grass hawk (D)  Grass rabbit hawk5)  Which of the following groups contains only consumers? [    ] (A)  Hawks, lizards, chipmunks (B)  Acorns, squirrels, rabbits (C)  Grass, chipmunks, eagle (D)  Mice, squirrels, grass 21

6) A wood mouse eats leaves for food. A badger eats wood mice for food. [    ] Which animal is the prey in this food chain? (A)Badger (B) Wood mouse (C)Neither Animal (D) Both the animalsFood Chain VocabularyUse the correct option from the words given in the word bank to complete the followingsentences.Word Producer   Species   Energy   Decomposition    PlantBank1)  The food chain shows the transfer of _________________ from one species to another.2)  An example of a forest food chain could be: pine nut (from a tree) squirrel fox bacteria. In this example, the food chain ends with ________________________.3)   A ______________ is a producer.4)   A __________________ is an organism that makes its own food.5)  The length of a food chain is measured by the number of ____________ encountered as energy moves from the autotroph to the top consumers.Do Within a food chain, some living things create the energyyou (Producers) and some use the energy (Consumers).know?Canine CompanionsThe dog is one of the most popular pets in the world. This is because dogs help humanbeings out in so many ways. Dogs have played an important role in the lives of humans22

throughout history, by using their sharp senses. They are also known to be therapeuticcompany. Dogs are often called ‘man’s best friend’.Multiple Choice Questions1) This is a big dog that is very friendly. It is a good swimmer and can rescue you fromwater when you are in trouble. This dog has a long, shaggy coat that comes in threemain colours. [    ] (A) Labrador Retriever (B) Afghan Hound (C) Old English Sheepdog (D) Newfoundland2) Which of the following breeds of dogs is NOT a true terrier? [    ] (A) Tibetan Terrier (B) Border Terrier (C) Yorkshire Terrier (D) Kerry Blue Terrier3) Which breed of dog is the fastest in the world? [    ] (A) Great Dane (B) Greyhound (C) Border Collie (D) Borzoi4) What is the favourite breed of dog of the Queen of England? [    ] (A)Corgi (B) Basenji (C)Poodle (D) Pomeranian5) Which of the following dog breeds is the smallest? [    ] (A) Dachshund (B) Shih Tzu (C) Pomeranian (D) Chihuahua 23

Can you name all the dog breeds? Use the word bank with dog names given below forhelp.Word Papillon    Dobermann    Pug    French bulldog  Bank Poodle  German shepherd  PomeranianRead each statement and tick it as True or False.1)  The oldest breed of dog is the beagle. (True/False)2)  There is at least one dog breed that is hairless. (True/False)3)  Dalmatians are born with spots. (True/False)4)  Dogs can only see in black and white. (True/False)5)  Labradors are the most popular breed in the United States. (True/False) 24

Do • The tallest living dog is a 1.18 m tall Great Dane.youknow? • The first live animal to go into space was not an astronaut, but was actually a dog! Laika, a Russian dog, orbited the Earth in the Russian spacecraft Sputnik in 1957.Fun Dogs are capable of understanding up to 250 words andFact! gestures. Dogs can count up to five and can perform simple mathematical calculations.Night HuntersSome animals are nocturnal. This means that they come out at nighttimewhen it is dark.Can you unscramble the animal names given below and match them with their images?1) w l o __________________ (a)2) x o f __________________ (b)3) d t o a __________________ (c)4) s k n u k __________________ (d) 25

5) o u m e s __________________ (e)6) n r o c c a o __________________ (f)Multiple Choice Questions1)  Many nocturnal animals have big eyes that let in more __________. [    ] (A) Water (B) Sunshine (C) Light (D) Colour2)  Some _________________ are afraid of nocturnal animals. [    ] (A) Insects (B) People (C) Apple (D) Cars3) Nocturnal animals are more active at night because they can see better inthe __________. [    ] (A) Dark (B) Future (C) Daylight (D) Space4) Many people haven’t ever seen a bat up close, even though bats _________ in mostcountries. [    ] (A) Talk (B) Smell (C) Live (D) EatDo Owls are considered to be a symbol of learning. Librariesyou and bookshops sometimes use pictures of owls to representknow? reading or wisdom.Fun Owls can’t move their eyes. They must turn their heads to see.Fact! Owls can turn their heads almost completely around.26

LESSON 6FUN WITH SPORTSSports MastersBelow are the pictures of some of the greatest cricketers in the world. Identify them andwrite the names of their country of origin.1) 2)3) 4)5) 6) 27

Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option.1) Sir Viv Richards was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (football/cricket)2) George Armstrong was the captain of an ___________________________ team. (ice hockey/cricket)3) Imran Khan was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (football/cricket)4) Willie John McBride was the captain of a _________________________ team. (football/rugby)5) Don Bradman was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (football/cricket)6) Bobby Moore was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (football/cricket)7) Bobby Clarke was the captain of an ___________________________ team. (ice hockey/cricket)8) MS Dhoni was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (football/cricket)9) Martin Johnson was the captain of a ___________________________ team. (rugby/cricket)Do Sir Viv Richards never lost a cricket test series as captain.youknow?Let’s Learn Sports!Identify the names of these games or sports from their descriptions. Choose the namesfrom the word bank below.Word Go-karting   Javelin Throw   Bungee JumpingBank All-Terrain Vehicles   Paintball   Frisbee   Bowling28

1) In this game, the person runs for a certain distance to gain momentum and then throws the spear (javelin), which is about 2.5 metres long. ____________________________2) This is a car racing game, where the four wheeled small vehicles known as go-karts race on fixed tracks. ____________________________3) This is an activity which involves jumping from a tall structure while the person is connected to a long elastic cord. ____________________________4) These vehicles are generally used for adventurous purposes and to discover unknown terrains. In most countries, they are not allowed to ply on regular streets. ____________________________5) This game is either played individually or in teams. Each party tries to eliminate the opponent by tagging them with balls containing colours, driven from a device called Paintball Gun. ________________________6) In this game, the bowler has to knock down as many pins as possible, by rolling the ball down a long, narrow lane. ____________________________7) This game is played with a disc. To score points, the disc has to be passed to a team member in the opposing team’s end zone. ____________________________ 29

Fun Before entering the world of International Cricket, DhoniFact! worked as a ticket collector at the Kharagpur Railway Station to support his family. He continued to represent Bihar in the Ranji Trophy during this time.Guess the StadiumIdentify these famous stadiums in the world from the descriptions given below. The namesof the stadiums are also provided in the word bank below.Word Camp Nou  Allianz Arena  National Stadium Bank Ericsson Globe  Wembley  Soccer City  Salt Lake Stadium National Stadium, Beijing1) It is the biggest stadium in Europe, built in a retro-style. It is located in Barcelona, Spain.Ans. _______________________________________2) This is the second largest stadium in Europe. It has been built by HOK Sports and Foster and Partners. It has a partially retractable roof with an arch that is 134 metres high.Ans. _______________________________________3) It is the largest stadium in the African continent with the capacity to seat 94,700 people. The 2010 Football (FIFA) World Cup was held here.Ans. _______________________________________4) This stadium is situated in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. It is the first stadium in the world to use solar energy to meet its power requirements.Ans. _______________________________________30

5) This stadium is in the shape of a globe and is the largest hemispherical building in the world. It is mainly used for playing ice hockey.Ans. _______________________________________6) This stadium is located in Beijing, China and has the capacity to seat 80,000 people. It has been built by a Swiss architectural firm and looks like a bird’s nest.Ans. _______________________________________7) This stadium is the first stadium in the world to change colour based on the team which is playing. It was opened in 2005 and is located in Munich, Germany.Ans. _______________________________________8) This is the largest stadium of India by capacity, located in Kolkata, West Bengal. It is also known as ‘Yuva Bharati Krirangan’.Ans. _______________________________________ 31

LESSON 7ENTERTAINMENT CORNERBooks and Their AuthorsMatch the names of the famous books given in column A with the names of theirrespective authors given in column B.    Column A     Column B1) Geetanjali a) Charles Darwin2) A Tale of Two Cities b) Jonathan Swift3) The Merchant of Venice c) EM Forster4) On the Origin of Species d) Jane Austen5) A Passage to India e) Arthur Conan Doyle6) Gulliver’s Travels f) William Shakespeare7) Pride and Prejudice g) Charles Dickens8) Akbarnama h) Rabindranath Tagore9) The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes i) Lewis Caroll10) Alice in Wonderland j) Rudyard Kipling11) The Adventures of Tom Sawyer k) Sir Richard Burton12) The Jungle Book l) Abul Fazal13) The Arabian Nights(Translation) m) Mark Twain32

Toon CreatorsSeveral pairs of cartoons and their creators are given in the word bank below.Choose the correct one and write them below the cartoon images.Word Bugs Bunny – Tex Avery  Bank Chhota Bheem – Rajiv Chilaka Eric Cartman – T. Parker & M.Stone Snoopy – Charles M. Schulz Donald Duck – Walt Disney     Mickey Mouse – Walt Disney Goofy – Art Babbitt    Tweety – F. Freleng Chacha Chaudhary – Pran Kumar Sharma Tom and Jerry – W. Hanna and J. Barbera 1) 2) _______________________ _______________________ 3) 4) _______________________ _______________________ 5) 6) _______________________ _______________________ 33

7) 8) _______________________ _______________________ 9) 10) _______________________ _______________________Fun The surnames of many of Jane Austen’s characters can beFact! found within the renowned and wealthy Wentworth family of Yorkshire, which also happens to intersect with Austen’s own family tree.Melody MakersIdentify these singers from the descriptions given below.1) This famous Indian singer has won the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Bhushan, the Padma Vibhushan, National Awards and many others. She is fondly called ‘Didi’ and also the ‘Nightingale of India’. __________________________________2) This female singer started her career with a famous singing competition on National TV and now is one of the most famous Bollywood singers. __________________________________34

3) This American singer is both a singer and a song writer. She is known for singing songs narrating her personal experiences and is the youngest artist to win Album of the Year at the Grammy Awards. __________________________________4) She is an American singer, song writer and actress. She pursued a career in gospel music, but later shifted to secular music. She has been in the Guinness Book of World Records four times. __________________________________5) She is famously known as the ‘Queen of pop’. She writes and produces most of her songs. She holds the title of ‘Best-selling female recording artist of all time’ in the Guinness Book of Records. __________________________________6) This Canadian singer is known for her wide range in singing from rock to gospel to classical. She sang the famous song ‘My heart will go on’ from the Oscar-winning movie Titanic. __________________________________7) This American singer holds the record for ‘Most awarded female acts’ in the Guinness Book of World Records. Her debut album ‘Whitney Houston’ became the best-selling debut album by a woman in history. __________________________________ 35

8) She won the Miss World pageant in the year 2000. She has established herself as a Bollywood actress. She has shown her versatility in singing and has released her singles ‘In my city’and ‘Exotic’ worldwide. __________________________________9) One of the young and promising newcomers of the Hindi film industry, she has also been appreciated for her singing skills. She sang ‘Sooha Sahaa’ from the movie ‘Highway’ and the unplugged version of the song ‘Samjhawan’. __________________________________Do Lata Mangeshkar was the first Indian to perform at theyou Royal Albert Hall in London in 1974.know?36

LESSON 8MIXED BAGFounders and OrganisationsMatch the names of some famous companies given in column A to their founders givenin column B.    Column A [    ]     Column B1) IBM [    ] a) Bill Gates2) Microsoft [    ] b) Jerry Yang and David Filo3) TATA Group [    ] c) Bill Bowerman and Philip Knight4) Walmart [    ] d) Richard and Maurice McDonald5) Yahoo e) Robert Wood, James Wood, [    ]6) Nike [    ] Edward Mead7) McDonald’s [    ] f) Bill Hewlett and David Packard8) Johnson n Johnson [    ] g) Jamnalal Bajaj9) Bajaj [    ] h) Sam Walton10) HP [    ] i) Jamsetji Tata11) Apple Inc. [    ] j) Charles Ranlett Flint12) MDH k) Mahashay Dharampal l) Steve Jobs 37

Knowing Interesting FactsIdentify the following machines from their descriptions. The names are given in the wordbank below.Word Microscope   Lactometer   Altimeter   SeismographBank Barometer   Sphygmomanometer   Galvanometer1) This machine is used to measure blood pressure.Ans. _______________________________________2) This machine is used to measure the motions of the ground like the seismic waves generated by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, etc.Ans. _______________________________________3) This instrument is used to study the cells of an organism.Ans. _______________________________________4) This instrument is used to measure altitude.Ans. _______________________________________5) This instrument is used to measure atmospheric pressure and is helpful in forecasting weather.Ans. _______________________________________38

6) This instrument is used to measure the density of milk, that is, the amount of cream contained in milk.Ans. _______________________________________7) This instrument is used to detect electric current.Ans. _______________________________________Multiple Choice Questions1) Doughnut is a very famous dessert. In which of these countries did itfirst originate? [    ] (A) United States of America (B) United Kingdom (C) Germany (D) Italy2) Raja Ravi Verma is one of the most famous painters of India. Which ofthese statements are correct about him? [     ] (A) He was fond of depicting scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata. (B) He combined both the Indian and European styles of painting. (C) He was from Travancore (Kerala). (D) All A, B, C3) Who painted the famous painting ‘The Last Supper’? [    ] (A) MF Hussain (B) Leonardo Da Vinci (C) Picasso (D) Michelangelo4) What does a dragon symbolise in Chinese culture? [    ] (A) Bad luck (B) Thunderstorm (C) Power and good luck (D) War 39

5) Who is the author of the epic Mahabharata? [    ] (A) Ved Vyasa (B) Valmiki (C) Kautilya (D) Chanakya6) Where is the National School of Drama located? [    ] (A) Pune (B) New Delhi (C) Mumbai (D) Chennai7) What is the gift given on the day of Eid called? [    ] (A) Gift (B) Present (C) Alm (D) Eidi8) Which one of these countries uses the word ‘guten tag’ to greetothers? [    ] (A) France (B) Italy (C) Germany (D) Australia9) Which one of these countries uses the word ‘bonjour’ to greetothers? [    ] (A) France (B) Italy (C) Germany (D) AustraliaDo Italians use ‘Salve or Ciao’ to greet each other.youknow?Fun Over 10 billion doughnuts are made in the US every year.Fact! During World War I, the Salvation Army workers used to bring doughnuts and coffee to the soldiers in the trenches of France to cheer them up and remind them of home.40

LESSON 9WORLD HISTORYTravellers’ BooksMatch the names of the travellers given in Column A with the names of the books writtenby them given in Column B.    Column A     Column B1) Megasthenes a) Ain-i-Akbari2) Fa-Hein b) Rehla3) Abu’l-Fazl c) Il Milione4) Ibn Battuta d) Indica5) Al-Biruni e) Travels in the mughal empire6) Francois Bernier f) A Record of Buddhist Kingdoms7) Marco Polo g) Tahqiq-I-Hind 41

All About Greek and Classical MythologyWho Am I?1) I am the ruler of the sky and ruler of the Olympian gods.Ans. _____________________________________________________2) I am the god of the sea, earthquakes and horses.Ans. _____________________________________________________3) I am the goddess of love and beauty.Ans. _____________________________________________________4) I am the goddess of wisdom.Ans. _____________________________________________________5) I am the god of War.Ans. _____________________________________________________6) I am the goddess of Earth.Ans. _____________________________________________________Do Cupid in classical mythology is known as the God of Loveyou and Affection. He is the son of the love goddess Venus andknow? the war god Mars. His Greek counterpart is known as Eros. It is believed that people fall in love when they are hit by the golden arrows of Cupid.42

Statues and SymbolsIdentify the names of these famous statues from the descriptions given.Word Christ the Redeemer   The Thinker  Bank The Great Sphinx of Giza    The Little Mermaid   Statue of Liberty    Moai   David Statue1) I am called the ‘masterpiece of the Human Spirit’. I was given as a gift to the people of America by France.Ans. ____________________________________________2) I am the largest Art Deco statue in the world and am also the fifth largest statue of Jesus. You will find me in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Ans. ____________________________________________3) I am made completely of limestone and have the body of a lion with a human head. It is believed that the ancient Egyptians built me around 2558 BC.Ans. ____________________________________________4) Based on the fairy tale of the same name by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen, I am a small and unimposing statue, and a Copenhagen icon. I have been a major tourist attraction since 1913.Ans. ____________________________________________5) I am a bronze statue that is usually used to represent philosophy, made by the great artist Auguste Rodin.Ans. ____________________________________________ 43

6) We are several monolithic figures of humans carved out of rocks by the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island. We look similar, as we all have oversized heads, about three eighths of the whole statue.Ans. ___________________________________________7) This statue is considered a masterpiece from the age of Renaissance. It was created by the famous Italian artist, Michelangelo, between 1501 and 1504. The statue is a representation of the biblical hero David.Ans. ____________________________________________ 44

LESSON 10POLITICSGovernment TypesMatch the types of government to their respective definitions.    Column A     Column B1) Monarchy a) A system of government in which2) Democracy all the people of a state are3) Dictatorship involved in making decisions about its affairs, typically by voting to elect representatives to a parliament or similar assembly b) A form of government where a country is ruled by one person or political entity, without any checks and balances on its power; they capture power to benefit themselves, their families and their close political allies c) A form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication 45

Books of PoliticiansComplete the titles for these books written by famous Indian politicians. You can use theWord Bank to find the names of the books. Wings of Fire Discovery of India Word My experiments with Truth My Presidential YearsBank Songs of India My Country My Life Poverty and Un-British rule in India Jobs for Our Millions India Wins Freedom My Truth1) _______________________________ of India Author: Jawaharlal Nehru2) My _______________________________ Truth Author: Mahatma Gandhi3) My Country _______________________________ Author: LK Advani4) Jobs for_______________________________ Author: VV Giri46

5) _______________________________ Fire Author: APJ Abdul Kalam6) _______________________________ Years Author: R. Ventakaraman7) _______________________________ rule in India Author: Dadabhai Naoroji8) ___________________________ of India Author: Sarojini Naidu9) My ___________________________ Author: Indira Gandhi10) India Wins ___________________________ Author: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 47

World LeadersRead the descriptions given below and identify the person being described. Mussolini Adolf Hitler Vladimir Lenin Martin Luther King Jr. Mao Zedong1) He was the head of the Italian government from 1922 to 1943. He was the founder of fascism. As a dictator he held absolute power and severely mistreated his citizens and his country. He led Italy into three straight wars, the last of which led to him being overthrown by his own people.Ans. _________________________________________________________________________2) He was a German dictator. He was the leader of the extreme nationalist Nazi party and served as the Chancellor-President of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was one of the most powerful leaders of the 20th Century. His leadership led to the death of nearly six million Jews.Ans. _________________________________________________________________________48

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