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Home Explore 9789388751544-ALPINE-G04-ENGLISH-TEXTBOOK-PART2


Published by IMAX, 2019-01-23 01:37:26

Description: 9789388751544-ALPINE-G04-ENGLISH-TEXTBOOK-PART2


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by classklap ENGLISH 2 TEXTBOOK – PART ALPINE SERIES Enhanced Edition 4 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________ Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 1 12/13/2018 7:19:58 PM

Preface IMAX Program partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX Program presents the latest version of this series – updated and revised after considering the perceptive feedback and comments shared by our experienced reviewers and users. This series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the prescribed board curriculum. Our books strive to ensure inclusiveness in terms of gender and diversity in representation, catering to the heterogeneous Indian classroom. The books are split into two parts to manage the bag weight. Listening, speaking, reading and writing (LSRW) are fundamental skills for any language skills, and students’ mastery over them is key to success at school. All these skills frequently need to be used together. Therefore, the English textbooks and workbooks strive to provide adequate opportunities for students to practise all the four LSRW skills. To this effect, the English textbooks and workbooks offer the following features:  T heme-based literature pieces across classes 1-5  S amples of Indian writing in English as well as popular English literature pieces from western countries  P ictures for word meanings in each lesson to help students with visual clues for new or difficult words  Supplementary literature pieces (without questions and answers) to enable additional reading  A speaking project and two reading comprehension passages in each unit to further hone speaking and reading skills  H orizontal and vertical progression across grades for the grammar concepts covered in the workbooks, providing a spiral of cumulative learning  S amples of format-based writing to provide for scaffolding of learning of formal writing Overall, the IMAX English textbooks, workbooks and teacher companion books aim to generate greater engagement with and enhance fluency in English language communication and empower students to develop a genuine appreciation of the language and its literature.  – The Authors Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 2 12/13/2018 7:19:58 PM

Textbook Features Listen and Say Aloud Warm Up Activities and questions to prepare Interesting questions to arouse students to focus on pronunciation and curiosity about the lesson help teachers to introduce the lesson Reading the Text Variety of literature pieces (prose/ poetry/drama) Questions after the literature piece for quick check of understanding Understanding the Text Questions to check comprehension of the literature piece – 'Literature comprehension' and 'Value-based questions' are only a part of detailed lessons Speaking Task Activities for students to speak individually or in pairs or groups on a theme-related topic Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 3 12/13/2018 7:19:58 PM

4Class 8 The Owl and the Pussycat ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 1 9 Alice in Wonderland (Drama) ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 7 S3 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 11 R3 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 10 Beware of Mikhailovitch (Drama) ���������������������������������������������������������������� 15 11 Going Downhill on a Bicycle ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 22 12 Robot with a Virus ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 27 S4 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 R4 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32 13 Science Is Fun! ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 14 My Shadow����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 41 15 T he Great Race ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 46 S5 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 51 R5 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 52 Glossary �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 56 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 4 12/13/2018 7:19:59 PM

The Owl 8 and the Pussycat Imagination and Adventure Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming words honey money guitar are, star, car boat note fowl above love owl sing married tarried ring day grows nose away stood willing shilling wood will mince quince hill sand spoon Moon hand – – Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 1 1 12/13/2018 7:20:01 PM

Warm Up • Have you ever seen a pussycat and an owl? Where? • D o you think that two animals can be friends? According to you, which animals can be friends with each other? Let us read a poem about an owl and a pussycat who are on a journey that leads to their marriage. Reading the Text The Owl and the Pussycat went to sea In a beautiful pea-green boat, They took some honey, and plenty of money, W rapped up in a five-pound note. pound The Owl looked up to the stars above, And sang to a small guitar, ‘O lovely Pussy! O Pussy, my love, What a beautiful Pussy you are, You are, You are! What a beautiful Pussy you are!’ Pussy said to the Owl, ‘You elegant fowl! How charmingly sweet you sing! O let us be married! Too long we have tarried: ch arming ly But what shall we do for a ring?’ elegant They sailed away, for a year and a day, To the land where the Bong-Tree grows 2 12/13/2018 7:20:05 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 2

And there in a wood a Piggy-wig stood shilling With a ring at the end of his nose, His nose, His nose, With a ring at the end of his nose. ‘Dear Pig, are you willing to sell for one shilling Your ring?’ Said the Piggy, ‘I will’. S o, they took it away, and were married next day B y the Turkey who lives on the hill. They dined on mince, and slices of quince, Which they ate with a runcible spoon; And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand, They danced by the light of the Moon, quince The Moon, The Moon, They danced by the light of the Moon. – Edward Lear Let Us Discuss 1) What are the names of the mentioned animals? 2) Where did the Owl and the Pussycat go? 3) What was the colour of the boat? 4) How was the Owl’s song? The Owl and the Pussycat 3 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 3 12/13/2018 7:20:10 PM

Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Meaning Word pound elegant charmingly tarried shilling mince quince runcible Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did the Owl and the Pussycat take on their journey to the sea? Ans.   2) What was the Owl doing on the boat? Ans.   3) What did the animals in the poem do for a ring for their wedding? Ans.   4 12/13/2018 7:20:10 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 4

4) How did the Owl and the Pussycat celebrate their wedding? Ans.   Exercise 3: Read and answer There are many rhyming words in the poem, like boat and note, above and love and sing and ring. Write down two rhyming words for each of the following words. 1) grow 2) nose 3) pound 4) sell 5)  look Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) The Owl and the Pussycat carried a few things along when they went to sea. If you went sailing for a year and a day, what would you take with you? Why? Ans.     2) Do you find this poem funny? Why? What are the things and words that you think are nonsensical in the poem? Ans.    The Owl and the Pussycat 5 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 5 12/13/2018 7:20:10 PM

Speaking Task Role play Form groups and play the characters from the poem. Enact the whole poem with actions and props. Your props can be a jar of honey, a few notes of money, a coin for a shilling, a small ruler that can be used as the guitar and so on. ruler money spoon honey 6 12/13/2018 7:20:11 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 6

9 Alice in Wonderland Listen and Say Aloud Words with two syllables – verbs (second syllable is stressed) present decrease upset decide require reject rewrite increase Warm Up • Have you ever attended a tea party? • What kind of land would you like to visit if you slipped down through a rabbit hole? Let us read a story about a young girl named Alice who attends a mad tea party. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 7 7 12/13/2018 7:20:12 PM

Reading the Text One day, Alice follows a rabbit down a rabbit hole and reaches a strange land. She meets many strange creatures and has amazing adventures with them. She becomes a guest at a tea party where March Hare and Hatter are sitting at one end of a huge table. They’re resting their elbows on Dormouse, who is sitting between them and talking nonsense over his head. All three: (on seeing Alice) No room, no room. Alice: (surprised) There’s plenty of room. Alice sits at one end. March Hare: Have some wine. Alice: (looking around and seeing only tea) I don’t see any. March Hare: There isn’t any. Alice: (angrily) Then it wasn’t very civil of you to offer it. March Hare: It wasn’t very civil of you to sit down uninvited. Alice: I didn’t know it was your table; it’s laid for a great many more than three. Hatter: (looking at Alice with curiosity) Your hair wants cutting. Alice: (severely) You should learn not to make personal remarks. It’s very rude. Hatter: Why is a raven like a writing desk? severely Alice: I believe I can guess that. March Hare: Do you mean that you think you can find out the answer? Alice: Exactly so. March Hare: Then, you should say what you mean. raven Alice: I do, at least I mean what I say; that’s the same thing, you know. Hatter: Not the same thing a bit! You might as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same as ‘I eat what I see’! 8 12/13/2018 7:20:15 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 8

March Hare: You might just as well say ‘I like what I get’ is the same as ‘I get what I like’! Dormouse: (talking in his sleep) You might just as well say ‘I breathe when I sleep’ is the same as ‘I sleep when I breathe’! Hatter: It is the same thing with you. There is silence for a while. Hatter: (taking his watch out of his pocket and shaking it uneasily) What day of the month is it? Alice: The fourth. Hatter: (with a sigh) Two days wrong. I told you butter wouldn’t suit the works. meekly He looks angrily at March Hare. March Hare: (meekly) It was the best butter. Hatter: But some crumbs have got in as well. You shouldn’t have put it in crumbs with a bread knife. March Hare takes the watch, looks at it gloomily and dips it into his cup of tea. What a strange party! – Adapted from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll Let Us Discuss 1) Who all were at the tea party? 2) Who was sitting between March Hare and Hatter? 3) What did Alice find rude? 4) What did the March Hare do with Hatter’s watch? Alice in Wonderland 9 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 9 12/13/2018 7:20:16 PM

Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word civil uninvited curiosity severely raven uneasily meekly crumbs gloomily Speaking Task Group activity Imagine you were having a tea party of your own. If you had to invite five imaginary characters from stories and books that you have read, who would they be? What would happen at the party? Form a group with your classmates and enact a scene with dialogues. 10 12/13/2018 7:20:17 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 10

S3 Speaking Project My favourite story of imagination and adventure Writers and filmmakers have very creative imaginations. Sometimes, they write stories that cannot happen in real life. Some stories are full of magic, superheroes or mythical creatures. They might take place on another planet or in another undiscovered world. Think of your favourite story or film in which impossible things happen. Share the story with your class and say why you liked it. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 11 11 12/13/2018 7:20:20 PM

R3 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the story and answer the questions given below. Last Sunday, little Phulmani went to see a jatra with her parents. She was very excited to see the jatra. The next day, when she told the story of the performance to the class, her teacher said that jatra is actually a kind of folk theatre. This kind of theatre is performed under different names in different parts of our country. It is called ‘tamasha’ in Maharashtra, ‘nautanki’ in northern India and ‘jatra’ in Bengal. Most of these folk theatres are based on incidents or characters from myths. India has a rich heritage of classical dance forms, and many of them are based on myths. The dancers wear colourful costumes and dance in rhythm with music. Kathak is a dance of northern India, while Bharatanatyam, Mohiniattyam, Kuchipudi and Kathakali are all from southern India. Manipuri and Odissi are dance forms of eastern India. Such a wide variety of dance forms cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Phulmani came to know that Indian kings and rulers patronised classical music and dance in their courts. Emperor Akbar loved to listen to the songs of Tansen. Our country is so big that we have many different styles of classical music like Hindustani and Carnatic. Many of these styles began in temples and developed down the ages. 1) What did the teacher say a jatra was? Ans.   2) Who did Emperor Akbar like to listen to? Ans.   12 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 12 12/13/2018 7:20:21 PM

3) Rewrite the sentences by correcting spelling and punctuation errors. a) i am very found of signing and dancing. Ans.  b) My faouvrite dance is kathak I like bharatanatyam to. Ans.  c) I want to partisipate in a dance compitition next ear. Ans.  4) The meaning of ‘myths’ is  . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  character a)  supported or sponsored 2)  heritage b)  a role in a play 3)  patronised c) cultural traditions that are passed down through generations Passage 2 Read the story and answer the questions given below. Welcome to the Arctic! That is the cold, windy area around the North Pole. It includes the Arctic Ocean and the land near it. Snow and ice cover the ground for most of the year. The walrus, polar bear and snowy owl are a few animals that live in this habitat and survive the cold. A walrus spends most of its time in icy water. It has a thick layer of blubber, or fat, under its skin to keep it warm. When a walrus swims, blood flows away from its skin to important organs inside its body. That keeps heat from leaving the walrus’s body, and its skin turns white. When it is warm again, its skin turns pink. walrus Reading Comprehension 13 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 13 12/13/2018 7:20:21 PM

polar bear A polar bear has special fur to keep it warm. Each hair is shaped like a straw. The shape helps direct sunlight towards the bear’s black skin, which collects and holds in heat. Polar bears also have a layer of blubber under their skin. A snowy owl has two layers of feathers that cover its entire body. The bottom layer, which is soft and fluffy, is called ‘down’. The outer layer of feathers is thick. In strong wind, the snowy owl may hide on the ground behind a pile of snow or rocks to block the wind. 1) Which are the animals that live in the Arctic? . Ans.   2) What happens when a walrus swims? Ans.   3) Fill in the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives. Base adjective Comparative form Superlative form a) thick ______________________ _____________________ b) near ______________________ _____________________ c) warm ______________________ _____________________ 4) The meaning of ‘blubber’ is  5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  habitat a)  soft, fine feathers 2)  down b)  continue to live in difficult conditions 3)  survive c)  the natural home of an animal 14 12/13/2018 7:20:21 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 14

10 Beware of Mikhailovitch Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud furnished gangster Words moustache fireplace scratching regal acquaintance groceries Warm Up • Have you ever changed houses? • Do you think changing houses and going to new places is good? Why or why not? Let us read a funny drama piece about a mysterious character named Mikhailovitch. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 15 15 12/13/2018 7:20:22 PM

Reading the Text Setting: A cosy living room in a cottage in Russia with a fireplace at the fireplace back. Two easy chairs and a sofa with a centre table are the only furniture in the living room. An old, worn-out rug is placed on the floor, close to the fireplace. Cast – a man in his forties; Meera’s husband Satish Anand – a woman in her forties; Satish’s wife Meera – Satish and Meera’s nine-year-old son Aditya – the Russian landlord Yuri – the Russian cleaning lady Valentina Satish: T his is a lovely and beautifully furnished cottage. We were lucky to get it. It’s really cosy. Aditya: (sitting on the sofa) I’m tired, and I’m also bored. Meera: (sitting on the chair) Don’t worry. I’m sure you will make furnished lots of friends at school. Aditya: I’m cold. Satish: (moving to the fireplace and warming his hands) Come closer to the fireplace. It’s warm. Aditya: (not moving) I’m hungry. Meera: Just wait for a bit. Yuri said Valentina would bring some groceries groceries very soon, and I’ll make you a sandwich. Satish: Meera, come here; I want to talk to you about something. Meera: (going close to him) Yes, what is it? Satish: Yuri told me a strange thing. Before he disconnected the call, he said, ‘Beware of Mikhailovitch’. I don’t understand what he meant. Meera: Shhh! Don’t let Aditya hear that. He might get scared. Aditya: I heard you! Who is Mikhailovitch? 16 12/13/2018 7:20:23 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 16

Satish: (with a forced smile) Nothing, son. Doorbell rings. Meera: (opening the door) Ah, it’s Valentina. Do come in. Valentina comes in, carrying packets of groceries. Valentina: Good evening, welcome to Moscow. I have brought the groceries. She goes into the kitchen to keep the packets. Valentina: I cleaned the cottage yesterday. If you need any help, I live close by. Do give me a call. Yuri is coming to meet you, and he will give you your local mobile phone and my number. She opens the front door and steps out. Valentina: Everything is fine here, but beware of Mikhailovitch. Valentina closes the door and leaves before the family can ask questions. Aditya: Who is Mikhailovitch? Satish: (uneasily) Don’t worry; I’m sure it’s nothing. Aditya: I’m sure Mikhailovitch is a gangster. A tall, huge man with a black gangster hat and a machine gun. Papa, I’m scared, I wish we hadn’t come. Satish: Be calm; Yuri is coming very soon. We’ll ask him. Meera, please make a sandwich for Aditya. Meera: (going to the kitchen) Of course, coming to help me? Aditya: No, we better be prepared in case Mikhailovitch comes in with his revolver gun. Papa, you don’t happen to have a hidden revolver, do you? Satish: (smiling) No, son. I don’t. There is a scratching sound at the front door. Aditya: (in a panicked tone) That must be Mikhailovitch, what should we do? Satish: (opening the door a little and laughing loudly) Come in. Aditya: Papa! Be careful, what are you doing? Satish opens the door, and a beautiful, white cat walks in regally, regally with measured steps, goes to the rug near the fireplace and settles down. Beware of Mikhailovitch 17 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 17 12/13/2018 7:20:24 PM

Satish: This cat must belong to the owners of the cottage. See how comfortable it is. Aditya: (with a relieved sigh) I was very frightened. Satish and Aditya share a smile. Meera: What was the commotion? Oh my goodness, what do we have here? What a beauty! Come here. The cat ignores everyone and makes itself comfortable. commotion Aditya: Mummy, we were really scared just now. The cat scratched the door, and I thought it was Mikhailovitch. When Papa opened the door, I got really scared. Meera: (smiling) We’ll clear this mystery of Mikhailovitch once and for all when Yuri comes. Now, be a good boy and have your snack. Aditya goes into the kitchen and returns with a look of surprise. Aditya: Mummy, where are the sandwiches? There is an empty plate on the table. Meera: (stunned) I made them just now. What could have happened? Aditya: Mummy, I’m terrified. Do you think Mikhailovitch came in through the kitchen window and took the sandwiches? Doorbell rings. Satish opens the door. Satish: It’s Yuri. Do come in. Yuri: (shaking hands with Satish) Welcome to our country! I’m sure acquaintance you will enjoy yourself here. This cottage is very comfortable except for one thing. Ah! I see Mikhailovitch has made your acquaintance, naughty boy. Satish, Meera and Aditya: Who is Mikhailovitch? Yuri: (pointing to the cat) There he is. Is there any food missing? He is always hungry and steals all the food in the kitchen. Beware of Mikhailovitch! Everyone bursts out laughing, and the looks of worry on the faces of Satish and Meera disappear. – Manjula Shukla 18 12/13/2018 7:20:25 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 18

Let Us Discuss 1) In which country is the play set? 2) What was the strange thing that Yuri said over the phone? 3) Who did Aditya think Mikhailovitch was? 4) Who was Mikhailovitch? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word fireplace furnished groceries gangster revolver regally commotion acquaintance Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did Satish tell Meera? Ans.   Beware of Mikhailovitch 19 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 19 12/13/2018 7:20:25 PM

2) What did Valentina tell the family after she brought the groceries? Ans.     3) What did Aditya imagine Mikhailovitch to be like? Ans.   4) What did Mikhailovitch use to do? Why? Ans.   Exercise 3: Read and answer State whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for true and F for false. 1) The family has moved into a big, cold house. 2) Meera is going to make some pizzas for Aditya. 3) Yuri was the first person who told the family to be careful of Mikhailovitch. 4) Valentina brought clothes for the family. 5) Mikhailovitch is a gangster. Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) T he Anand family is new to the house in Russia. How were the different family members feeling throughout the play? Ans.    20 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 20 12/13/2018 7:20:25 PM

2) W hy do you think Mikhailovitch was scratching at the door? Studying the behaviour of pets like dogs and cats can be very interesting. Can you think of something that you have noticed in your pets or animals around you? Ans.      Speaking Task Group discussion Get into groups of three. Now, imagine that Mikhailovitch wasn’t a cat after all. In your group, think of a different ending for the play. Write it down and share your ending with the rest of the class. Vote for a group other than your own that you think presented the best ending. Beware of Mikhailovitch 21 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 21 12/13/2018 7:20:25 PM

Going Downhill 11 on a Bicycle Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word still hill swift lift cry fly joy boy air - share - Warm Up • Do you know cycling? Do you like to cycle? Why or why not? • H ave you ever cycled down a hill? How do you think you would feel while cycling down a hill? Share your thoughts. Let us read a poem in which a boy describes the fun of riding downhill on a bicycle. 22 12/13/2018 7:20:28 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 22

Reading the Text With lifted feet, hands still, I am poised and down the hill Dart, with heedful mind; poised The air goes by in a wind. Swifter and yet more swift, dart heedful Till the heart with a mighty lift Makes the lungs laugh, the throat cry, ‘O bird, see; see, bird, I fly. Is this, is this your joy? O bird, then I, though a boy, For a golden moment share, Your feathery life in air!’ – Henry Charles Beeching Let Us Discuss 1) What is the boy doing in the poem? 2) What kind of mind does the boy have when he darts down the hill? 3) According to the boy, how does the air go? 4) To whom does the boy compare his joy? Going Downhill on a Bicycle 23 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 23 12/13/2018 7:20:30 PM

Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Word Meaning poised dart heedful Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Describe the boy’s position before going down the hill. Ans.   2) What happens when the boy goes ‘swifter and yet more swift’? Ans.   3) What does the boy ask the bird to see? Ans.   4) How does the boy compare himself to the bird? Ans.   24 12/13/2018 7:20:30 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 24

Exercise 3: Read and answer Fill in the blanks with appropriate words from the poem. dart    mighty    swift    joy    heedful 1) Leopards are ______________________ runners. 2) We saw a deer ______________________ quickly across the road. 3) He gave the closed door a ______________________ push. 4) Drivers should be ______________________ of people crossing busy roads. 5) Pinaki’s dog has brought much ______________________ to his family. Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) What do you think the boy thinks about the lives of birds? Ans.   2) The poem is about feeling joyful. What kinds of activities give you a feeling of joy? Ans.        Going Downhill on a Bicycle 25 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 25 12/13/2018 7:20:30 PM

Speaking Task Ask and answer questions People often get lost when they are travelling or when they are in a new place. Imagine that your partner is a new student. Take turns and help them by giving directions to different places in your school. You could also try giving them directions to reach different places shown in the map given below. 26 12/13/2018 7:20:31 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 26

12 Robot with a Virus Listen and Say Aloud Words with more than four syllables multiplication imagination generosity personality overpopulation identification responsibility enthusiastically Warm Up • Do you know what a robot is? • Do you think that a robot is useful? Why or why not? Let us read a story about how a robot teaches a young boy an important lesson. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 27 27 12/13/2018 7:20:31 PM

Reading the Text luxuries Rohit lived with his parents in a lovely delighted butler house that had all kinds of modern luxuries. Among them was a robot butler. Rohit didn’t help much around the house. However, he was delighted when his parents bought the latest model of a butler robot. Soon after its arrival, it went around cooking, cleaning, ironing and— most importantly—gathering up the clothes and toys scattered on the floor of Rohit’s bedroom. Rohit never liked picking up the clothes and toys from the floor. On the first day of the robot’s arrival, when Rohit went to sleep, he had scattered left his bedroom in a total mess as always. But when he woke up the next morning, everything was perfectly clean and tidy. In fact, it was too clean. Rohit couldn’t find his favourite T-shirt or his favourite toy. However much he searched, these two items were not to be found. Soon, a few of Rohit’s other things started to disappear too. Rohit looked caught it suspiciously at the shiny robot. He planned to spy on it and began red-handed following it around the house. Not long after, he caught it red-handed, hiding one of his toys! Off he went, running to his parents to tell them that the robot was not working properly and was badly programmed. Rohit asked them to have it changed. But his parents told him that it was impossible. They were delighted with the new robot and said that, besides everything else, it also cooked delicious food. Rohit continued complaining to his parents about how the robot was hiding all his good stuff. One day, as the robot was whirring past on its duties, it heard Rohit’s complaints. The robot returned with one of his toys and some clothes. ‘Here, sir. I did not know it was bothering you’, said the robot, in its metallic whirring voice. 28 12/13/2018 7:21:05 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 28

‘How could it not, you thief?! You’ve been stealing my stuff for weeks!’ Rohit shouted furiously. ‘The objects were left on the floor. I, therefore, calculated that furiously you don’t need them. I am programmed to collect all that is not needed. At night, I send these things to places where other humans can use them. I am a maximum-efficiency machine. Didn’t you know about this?’ the robot said with pride. Rohit felt ashamed. He had spent all his life treating things as efficiency though they were useless. He never took care of his things. It was true that many other people would be very happy to have those things. They would treat them with all the care in the world. He understood that the robot was neither broken nor wrongly programmed. In fact, it was programmed extremely well! Since then, Rohit decided to become a ‘maximum-efficiency boy’. He started to take care of his things. He kept them tidy and made sure that he didn’t have more than necessary. He even gave away the extra things he had to people who needed them more.  (Source: Let Us Discuss 1) What were the tasks that the robot did in Rohit’s house? 2) What were the things that Rohit couldn’t find on the day after the robot’s arrival? 3) What did the robot say it had done with Rohit’s toys and clothes? 4) Why did Rohit feel ashamed? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word luxuries butler Robot with a Virus 29 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 29 12/13/2018 7:21:06 PM

Word Meaning delighted scattered suspiciously caught it red-handed programmed whirring furiously maximum efficiency Speaking Task Debate Is technology good? Divide your class into two groups. Group A shall list points in favour of technology and its advantages. Group B shall list points against technology and its disadvantages. Each group shall then share its point of view. Group A Group B 30 12/13/2018 7:21:07 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 30

S4 Speaking Project Travel preparations Travelling is fun. We get to see, learn and experience many things when we travel. But before a journey, there is a lot of preparation that goes into making our journey comfortable and safe. Do you know how one should prepare for a journey? Can you share your preparation plans with your classmates? Hints: •  How many days in advance do you start preparing for travel? • What kind of preparation is needed? (things that need to be packed, helping parents select a hotel, making lists, helping with household work before leaving and so on) •  What do you do on the day you are setting out to travel? Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 31 31 12/13/2018 7:21:12 PM

R4 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the story and answer the questions given below. ‘It is a wonderful book, Maa’, Barun replied happily. ‘I am reading about Rakesh Sharma right now.’ ‘So you are reading about the first Indian to go to space’, said his mother. She sat on the bed beside her son and asked him, ‘Have you read about Kalpana Chawla?’ Barun started reading about Kalpana Chawla in the evening. Kalpana Chawla was born in 1962 in Karnal in the state of Haryana. Nicknamed ‘Montu’ by her family, she went to school at the age of three. Later, she studied Aeronautical Engineering at Punjab Engineering College, India. In 1982, Kalpana went to the USA to study at the University of Texas at Arlington. In 1988, she became a research scientist at NASA Ames Research Center in Sunnyvale, California. Kalpana Chawla In November 1996, Kalpana joined the STS-87 mission aboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission flew in November–December 1997, during which Kalpana spoke with the then Prime Minister of India, Mr Inderjit K Gujral, from the orbit. On 16 January 2003, Kalpana again went into space. She was on board the space shuttle Columbia. After a successful flight, Columbia was lost with its crew during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere on 1 February 2003. A hill on Mars and a star in deep space have been named after Kalpana. Her story shows the value of hard work and sincerity that is remembered even when one is no more. 1) Who was the first Indian to go to space? Ans.   32 12/13/2018 7:21:12 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 32

2) Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Ans.   3) Fill in the blanks with the correct prepositions from the options given in brackets. a) Kalpana Chawla was born _____________________ (on/in) Haryana. b) S he was _____________________ (under/among) a group of astronauts who travelled to outer space. c) The rocket flew _____________________ (over/with) the Earth. 4) Another word for ‘answer’ in the passage is  . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  space shuttle a)  honesty 2)  crew b)  spacecraft 3)  sincerity c)  team Passage 2 Read the story and answer the questions given below. Kite flying is one of the world’s oldest sports. In China, people used to fly different coloured kites to send different messages. No one knows for certain who invented kites. Some historians believe that the Egyptians were the first to fly kites. Ancient Egyptian carvings depict men flying objects attached to strings. Some believe that Ancient Greeks invented kites, while others believe that the Chinese made the first kites. Throughout the centuries, kites have been used for various purposes. Once, a Chinese emperor who had been imprisoned was saved by a kite. His followers flew a huge kite over the tower Reading Comprehension 33 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 33 12/13/2018 7:21:15 PM

in which the emperor was imprisoned. Recognising the kite, he took hold of the huge ropes hanging from the kite and flew away to freedom. Benjamin Franklin used a kite to prove that lightning is a form of electricity. He flew a kite in a thunderstorm and was almost killed when lightning travelled down the wet string and lit up his instruments. The kite was also responsible for the invention of aeroplanes. The Wright Brothers flew many kinds of kites and studied their movements before making the first aeroplane. Actually, the first aeroplane was a huge kite glider that was specially made to carry an engine and a person. 1) Which is one of the world’s oldest sports? Ans.   2) Who used a kite to prove that lightning is a form of electricity? Ans.   3) Write the past tense forms of the words given below. a) fly – ___________________________ b) make – ___________________________ c) take – ___________________________ 4) The meaning of the word ‘ancient’ is ________________________________________________  . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1)  invented a)  a period of hundred years 2)  historian b)  created for the first time 3)  century c)  someone who studies and records history 34 12/13/2018 7:21:15 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 34

Science Is 13 Fun! The Wonders of Science Listen and Say Aloud According to some scientists, this is the hardest tongue twister. Try it out. pad kid poured curd pulled cod Warm Up • S cience is a field of study. It focuses on finding and describing the world around us through observation and experimentation. Do you think it would be difficult to live without science? • Look around you and name a few things in your classroom that are there because of science. Let us read a story that will tell us about the magical world of science. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 35 35 12/13/2018 7:21:16 PM

Reading the Text ‘S-C-I-E-N-C-E.’ Timee was trying hard to learn the spelling of ‘science’ for her dictation test the next day. She always got it wrong. ‘Why do we have to learn spellings? Why do we have to learn history? fed up Why do we have to learn tables? And why in the world do we have to study science? Why?’ asked Timee. She was fed up of trying to remember things that she could not understand. Limee, her elder sister, was watching her. ‘Timee, science is not hard at all. If you understand it, you will remember it easily’, said Limee. ‘But Didi, even if I understand it, so what? It is the most boring subject in the world. It is just diagrams and explain-the-working-of- this and what-is-this-process-called! Humph! What is the use of science?’ Limee looked at her sister in surprise. ‘Just try to imagine your process world without science.’ ‘I can imagine it very well. There would be no science subject and no science teacher! In that period, we would watch cartoons, eat ice cream and draw. It would be delightful, Didi!’ ‘My dear sister, if there were no science, you would be living in a cave with no electricity. No electricity would mean no television or fridge. And no ice cream, eh? There would be no books and no pencils. And, just by chance, if a mosquito were to bite you in malaria the cave, you could get malaria. There would be no medicines to cure you.’ Timee scratched her head. ‘Science is a part of our life’, Limee went on. ‘It helps us and makes our lives better. Look around; what do you see in this room?’ ‘I see my notebook, pencil, bed, Mama’s mobile phone, the fan and you!’ said Timee. 36 12/13/2018 7:21:18 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 36

‘All the things that are there in this world work according to certain rules. Even your body. Since ancient times, people have questioned, studied and understood these rules. Then, they used this knowledge and invented new things.’ ‘Hmmm’, said Timee, thinking hard. ‘Do you know how electricity was discovered? Benjamin Franklin, an American scientist, flew a kite with a metal key attached to it in a thunderstorm. The lightning charged the key, and he got an electric shock. This proved what he had been thinking about—that lightning and electricity are related. Today, nothing in the world works without electricity.’ ‘I am already sweating at the very thought of no electricity!’ said Timee. ‘Now, imagine if Alexander Graham Bell had not invented the telephone! We would not be able to talk to people halfway across the globe while sitting comfortably in our homes. In fact, the internet, e-mail, computers, smartphones, tablets—all these have changed our lives so much. If you think about it, they are like miracles!’ ‘They are!’ said Timee. ‘Timee, you have no idea how much study is going on. From discovering the power of herbs in forests to exploring outer space. From the food we eat to the clothes we wear, science is doing wonders for us.’ ‘Didi, are there aliens in outer space?’ ‘Honestly, I don’t know about that.’ For once, Limee had no answers, and she kept quiet. ‘Then, I know what I will do when I grow up. I will science aliens’, said Timee proudly. aliens Limee fell laughing from her chair. ‘It is very good that you want to study science and be a scientist. But first get your spelling and grammar right. Otherwise, how will the aliens understand you?’ – Surbhi Sarna Science Is Fun! 37 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 37 12/13/2018 7:21:18 PM

Let Us Discuss 1) What was Timee fed up of? 2) Who discovered electricity? 3) Who invented the telephone? 4) What does Timee decide at the end of the story? Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Meaning Word fed up process malaria miracles aliens Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did Timee think about science at the beginning of the story? Ans.   2) How did Timee describe a world without science? Ans.   38 12/13/2018 7:21:18 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 38

3) How was electricity discovered? Ans.   4) According to Limee, how is science doing wonders for us? Ans.   Exercise 3: Read and answer In each of the following sentences, circle the word that is spelt wrong. Then, rewrite it correctly in the blank provided. 1) There would be no medecenes to cure you if we didn’t have science. _____________________________________ 2) No electricity would mean no television or frige. _____________________________________ 3) Since anshient times, people have questioned, studied and understood these rules. _____________________________________ 4) Limee fell lauffing from her chair. _____________________________________ 5) It is excellent that you want to study science and become a scientest. _____________________________________ Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) Do you like science? Why or why not? Ans.     Science Is Fun! 39 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 39 12/13/2018 7:21:18 PM

2) An ‘invention’ is something that is created through an experiment. A discovery shows the existence of something. Given below are the names of some things. Are they inventions or discoveries? Sort them. gravity    television    computer    bicycle oxygen    fingerprints    needle    water cycle Inventions Discoveries Speaking Task Story telling Tell your partner a story that begins with the line given in the speech bubble. The day I met an alien... 40 12/13/2018 7:21:19 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 40

My 14 Shadow The Wonders of Science Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming word me see ball all head bed play way grow slow up buttercup Warm Up • S ometimes, when you are walking in the light, do you see something dark walking along with you? Do you know what it is called? • Have you ever realised that its shape keeps changing? Do you know why that happens? Let us read a poem about what a child has to say about this. Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 41 41 12/13/2018 7:21:20 PM

Reading the Text I have a little shadow that goes in and out with me, And what can be the use of him is more than I can see. He is very, very like me from the heels up to the head; And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed. The funniest thing about him is the way he likes to grow, Not at all like proper children, which is always very slow. For he sometimes shoots up taller like an India-rubber ball, And he sometimes gets so little there’s none of him at all. He hasn’t got a notion of how children ought to play, coward nursie And can only make a fool of me in every sort of way. buttercup He stays so close beside me, he’s a coward you can see; I’d think shame to stick to nursie as that shadow sticks to me! One morning, very early, before the Sun was up, dew I rose and found the shining dew on every buttercup. But my lazy little shadow, like an arrant sleepy-head, Had stayed at home behind me and was fast asleep in bed. – Robert Louis Stevenson Let Us Discuss 1) Who is ‘very very like’ the poet? 2) What is the funniest thing about the shadow? 3) What does the shadow not have a notion about? 4) What did the poet find on every buttercup? 42 12/13/2018 7:21:23 PM Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 42

Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Meaning Word India-rubber ball notion ought coward nursie dew buttercup arrant Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Mention two things that the shadow does with the child in the poem. Ans.    2) How does the shadow grow? Ans.    3) Why does the child call his shadow a coward? Ans.    My Shadow 43 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 43 12/13/2018 7:21:24 PM

4) What does the shadow do when the child gets up before the Sun? Ans.    Exercise 3: Read and answer Read the given lines and find the lines from the poem that mean the same. Then, write them in the space provided. 1) The shadow looks like the boy. Ans.    2) The shadow grows very big sometimes. Ans.    3) The shadow disappears completely sometimes. Ans.    4) The shadow becomes very small sometimes. Ans.    5) According to the boy, the shadow is very lazy. Ans.    44 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 44 12/13/2018 7:21:24 PM

Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) W hy do you think the shadow did not go along with the child very early before the Sun rose? Ans.    2) W hat does the child feel about sticking close to his nurse or caretaker? Why do you think he feels this way? Ans.    Speaking Task Interview In the poem ‘My Shadow’, the child describes how he spends his time by playing with the shadow. Divide your class into pairs. Ask questions to each other about the fun things that you do by yourselves. My Shadow 45 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 45 12/13/2018 7:21:28 PM

15 The Great Race Listen and Say Aloud Words with two syllables – nouns Words with two syllables – adjectives (stress the first syllable) (stress the first syllable) parents messy robot honest butler modern object lovely Warm Up • Different countries and cultures follow different calendars. The solar calendar is based on the Earth’s movement around the Sun, whereas the lunar calendar is based on the Moon’s movement around the Earth. Which calendar is followed all over the world? • Do you know which calendar is followed while deciding the festival dates in India? Let us read an interesting story that will tell us why the Chinese calendar is named after twelve different animals. 46 Alpine_English_G4_TB.indb 46 12/13/2018 7:21:29 PM

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