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Discover Arizona

Published by felixp, 2021-02-24 21:41:43

Description: 2021 Discover Arizona brought to you by Cal-Am Resorts!


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Hello Guests and Resident of our Cal-Am Resorts!!! The season is flying so fast and there is still so much to do and see! We thought you might want to Discover Arizona in a book that will Help you plan your trip back home with some amazing side trips and sights in Arizona to still see. Or if you are here year round with us some day trips or things to do as the heat starts to creep up. Don’t leave us!!! Arizona is an amazing state with some of the most Fabulous scenery you will ever encounter. For example: The end of March our cacti start to bloom, this is an amazing spectacle of flowers. Vivid pink, whites, coral, Yellow!!! The Cactus are breathtaking. Stay and see this with us. Have you ever smelled the fragrant of the citrus trees in blossom? It is so wonderful, unless you have allergies, this is a real treat! Yummy smells! Take a 30 minute trip to the Verde River and if you are lucky you will see the wild horses watering with their colts at the river! The river, Wild horses, the scenery of the mountains again will have you in aw! Please take 15 minutes and see just some of the things there is to do in Arizona,Stay and play with us on our patios and at the pools as long as you want, but when you want to see the majesty of Arizona see what we have listed for you. All of these sites are within a few hours and we promise are well worth the trip. So please enjoy your stay with us, but Discover Arizona and all the wonders that we have here to offer! We are so glad you are here and hope that you are enjoying your stay with us. We value you, your volunteering at our resorts and are grateful. We ap- preciate any suggestions, ideas or thoughts you may have for us. But for now, lean back, enjoy your favorite beverage and “Discover Arizona!”. So much to see and do!!! Party On Safer!!! Your Management Staff atCal-Am Resorts

ARIZONA We Love You Arizona! The history of Arizona encompasses Spanish, Mexican, In the Mexican–American War, the garrison com- and American periods. Arizona was part of the state of mander avoided conflict with Lieutenant Colonel Sonora, Mexico from 1822, but the settled population Cooke and the Mormon Battalion, withdrawing was small. In 1848, under the terms of the Mexican from the town while the Americans marched Cession the United States took possession of through the town on their way to California. In the Arizona above the Gila River after the Mexican War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), Mexico ceded which became part of the Territory of New Mexico. to the U.S. the northern 70% of modern-day By means of the Gadsden Purchase, the United States Arizona above the Sonora border along the Gila secured the northern part of the state of Sonora, which River. During the California Gold Rush upwards of is now Arizona south of the Gila River in 1854. 50,000 men traveled through on the Southern Emigrant Trail pioneered by Cooke, to reach the In 1863, Arizona gold fields in 1849.[1] The Pima Villages often sold was split off from fresh food and provided relief to distressed the Territory of travelers among this throng and to others in New Mexico to subsequent years. form the Arizona, the Grand Canyon state, achieved state- Arizona Territory. hood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valen- The remoteness tine's Day the last of of the region the 48 coterminous United States to be admitted was eased by the to the union. Arizona is the sixth largest state in arrival of railroads the country. in 1880. Arizona Originally part of New Mexico, the land was ceded became a state in 1912 but was primarily rural with an to the United States in 1848, and became a economy based on cattle, cotton, citrus, and separate territory in 1863. Historically part of the copper. Dramatic growth came after 1945, as retirees territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became who appreciated the warm weather and low costs emi- part of independent Mexico in 1821. grated from the northeast. The Arizona state flag what the colorful rays mean: Arizona was a part of northern Mexico in the 1840s. It The top of the flag represents the 13 original was remote and poor and seldom had outside contacts. colonies of the United State and the western The Mexican population, based in Tucson, was a few setting sun. The copper star in the center pf the hundred, in addition to a presidio garrison of about 100 flag identifies Arizona as the largest copper state soldiers. The mission was deactivated in 1828. South of in the union. the Gila River it was mostly in the province of Sonora, and a fragment of Chihuahua in the east. To the north, Arizona was nominally part of Alta California and a fragment of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the east. Together with help from Pima and Papago militia, the garrison provided a little protection from a hostile Apache population to the east of the San Pedro River and north of the Gila.

State Song Almost everyone in the world knows something I LOVE YOU ARIZONA about Arizona, and some of it is even true. I love you, Arizona; Jim Turner Your mountains, deserts and streams; You know you’re an The rise of Dos Cabezas Arizona native when you And the outlaws I see in my dreams; take rain dances seriously. Skip Boyer I love you Arizona, Superstitions and all; You know you’re an The warmth you give at sunrise; Arizona native, when a Your sunsets put music in us all. rainy day puts you in a good mood. Oo, Arizona; Marshall Trimble You're the magic in me; Oo, Arizona, You're the life-blood of me; I love you Arizona; Desert dust on the wind; The sage and cactus are blooming, And the smell of the rain on your skin. Oo, Arizona; You're the magic in me; Oo, Arizona, You're the life-blood of me. History of the Song: Rex Allen, Jr. and his late father Rex Allen, were natives of Wilcox, Arizona, about 20 miles west of the Dos Cabezas Mountains Wilderness. They are known world-wide for their famous renditions of cowboy songs. In 1981, Rex Allen Jr. wrote a song about the love he felt for the State of Arizona. It's a heartfelt tribute to the state. A radio station in Phoenix initiated a movement to name Rex Allen's song, appropriately titled \"Arizona,\" the official state song of the State of Arizona. Presumably it would replace the current state anthem \"Arizona,\" by Margaret Rowe Clifford and Maurice Blumenthal. Their \"Arizona\" had been adopted as the official state anthem in 1919. Rex's song may have seemed more \"current\" to some but all was not smooth sailing for House Bill No. 2300. Sides were taken; country music fans versus traditionalists. In the end, compromise ruled the day and the best that Rex Allen Jr.'s \"Arizona\" could muster was the title of official state \"alternate\" anthem! In 2011 and in 2012 attempts were made to name Rex Allen Jr.'s \"Arizona\" the state's official centennial song.

Arizona History Before statehood, the Arizona Territory was home to some of the mo respected lawmen who walked the streets—from Bisbee’s Brewery Whiskey Row. During its heyday as a tough mining town, the New Yo stone’s Birdcage Theater, “the wildest, roughest, wickedest honk Street and the Barbary Coast,” while the New York Sun once labele ing town, the “wickedest town in the West.” Across the state, the Old West lives on in Arizona. Wherever you go, you’ll find an Old West that’s still very much alive, with countless historic hotels, quaint shops, and more. You’ll also discover plenty of attrac- tions—including tours and reenactments—to keep the whole family engaged. Start your trip in Southern Arizona, home to Tombstone, Bisbee, and Douglas. Imagine the sound of spurs clicking as you walk the same streets where Doc Holli- day and Wyatt Earp once walked. You’ll also want to make time for Wickenburg, in Central Arizona, as well as Jerome and Prescott—two towns connected by 30 miles of hair-raising bends and turns along High- way 89A—in the central area of Arizona known as the Verde Valley. Women in Arizona were granted the right to vote in 1912, eight years before national suffrage.

ost feared outlaws and ry Gulch to Prescott’s ork Times called Tomb- ky-tonk between Basin ed Jerome, another min- Famous Wild West Lawmen Doc Holliday: Doc Holiday was known for being friends with gun as well as enjoying gambling. He died of TB in 1887. Re Wyatt Earp: Wyatt Earp was a famous sheriff in the Kansas izona. Several of his brothers and Doc Holiday also moved t the crime. Read more about Wyatt Earp. Wild Bill Hickok Bat Masterson Bill Tilghman Pat Garrett

Arizona Cities to Visit Arizona is a sunny state that brims with natural and cultural attractions. While its famously part of the American Southwest, parts of the state also brim with Western and mountain charm. The 48th state admitted to the union, Arizona continues to be home to as many as 27 federally recognized Native American tribes. The state also attracts a wealth of tourists who visit to escape the winter and to enjoy Arizona’s many things to see and do. Phoenix Bustling Phoenix is the capital of Arizona, so it’s not surprising that its filled with a wealth of urban attractions. When exploring this city and its surrounding communities, be sure to set aside time to see the Desert Botanical Garden, the Phoenix Art Museum, Papago Park, South Mountain Park, the Phoenix Zoo, and the Heard Museum. You’ll find a wide array of restaurants, shops, and sports arenas, and concert venues in the city too. Sedona With its red rock mountains and buttes, the city of Sedona is one of the most scenic areas of the Southwest. About an hour and a half north of Phoenix, Sedona is a popular tourist destination because of its stunning landscapes and artsy shops and galleries. There are plenty of places around Sedona to enjoy hiking and even camping. If you’re an outdoor lover, you definitely want to check out this postcard-worthy city. Tucson Explore Tucson and Enjoy Scenic Views. Although Tucson’s fantastic weather, national parks and forests and desert provide the perfect environment for tons of outdoor recreational activities, this city of half a million people also has its share of history and culture. With a history that goes back much further than many of its southwestern neighbors, Tucson boasts turn-of-the-century architecture, historic neighborhoods, museums and the Mission San Xavier del Bac, a still-functioning 18th-century mission considered one of the most beautiful in the U.S. Mexican and Native American influences are pervasive, and the city has a distinctly Western flavor. There’s also a college-town atmosphere, thanks to the University of Arizona, which has its own share of museums and a science center. Whether golfing at a world-class golf resort, horseback riding, hiking in the wilderness, discovering desert flora and fauna at the Arizona-Sono- ra Desert Museum or exploring pre-Columbian and other art at the Tucson Art Museum, you’ll have a mind-boggling array of things to do. Flagstaff Flagstaff is a city in the U.S. state of Arizona, surrounded by mountains, desert and ponderosa pine forests. It’s a gateway to the San Francisco Peaks, home to Arizona’s tallest mountain (Humphreys Peak) and the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort. Nearby, Wupatki National Monument has Native American pueblo sites, and Walnut Canyon National Monument is dotted with their cliff dwellings.

YYuummaais located in the southwest corner of Arizona on the banks of the Arizona... a land where a good spring is far better Colorado River near the Mexican and Californian borders. It is the largest city than a gold mine. in Arizona outside the metro areas of Phoenix and Tucson. Although summers are hot, the town experiences a wonderfully temperate winter climate with The Arizona desert average temperatures in takes hold of a man’s the low 70’s, making it a mind and shakes it. popular destination for David W. Toll northern “snowbirds.” Activities in and around In Arizona we salt Yuma are plenty and margaritas, not varied. There are at least sidewalks six golf courses, several Welcome to Arizona, museums and historic where summer spends parks, three casinos, and the winter and hell tours that range from spends the summer fishing, tubing, and Local Saying boating on the Colorado River, to exploring local In the empire of desert, history or farms, or experiencing a hot air balloon flight. The old downtown water is the king and area includes an historic theatre with shows and performances throughout shadow is the queen. the year, several art galleries, boutique shops, and locally owned restaurants, Mehmet Murat Ildan bars, and clubs. Festivals and events are held throughout the year, such as the Spirit of Yuma fest in January, the Yuma River Daze in February, and a seasonal Farmer’s Market held weekly from December to March. Other Arizona Cities full of History and Interesting places. You can search on line for directions, events and hiking trails in each town. Prescott Payson Surprise Lake Havasu City Mesa Gilbert Fountain Hills Pinetop- Lakeside Tempe Cottonwood Apache Junction Wickenburg Page Tombstone Show Low Camp Verde Glendale Bisbee Payson Casa Grande Winslow Oro Valley Quartzite Much More . . .

Charming Small Towns Arizona is a place of spectacular natural beauty and desert landscapes that eagerly awaits your visit. While most people associate the Grand Canyon with Arizona and it’s breathtakingly beau- ty, but there is so much more in this state begging to be discovered. Rich in Native American history, Wild West stories and so much more, Arizona has many hidden gem small towns that are ideal for a quick getaway. Tombstone Globe Located in Cochise County, Tombstone is a notorious, historic, Originally founded as a mining camp, Globe is located in western town and actually was one of the last frontier boom- Gila County, Arizona. Its Downtown area was added to the towns in the American Old West! Originally a mining hotspot, National Register of Historic Places since the 1980s, and still Tombstone was the largest productive silver district in Arizona. mining still holds a significant role in the local economy to However, since that was long ago tapped dry, Tombstone most- this day, along with tourism, of course! Come to Globe to ly relies on tourism now and capitalizes on its fame for being experience a frontier-town feel – in the past, its relative iso- the site of the Gunfight at the O.K Corral: a showdown between lation preserved this environment for a long time and you famous lawmen including Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday and an can definitely see the authenticity. infamous organized group of outlaws, the Cowboys. Globe boasts a fascinating, authentic Wild West history: Take a trip back to the Wild West and come to Tombstone to murders, stagecoach robberies, outlaws and Apache raids see the historic downtown and visit some of their saloons, abound in the town stories. Visit to see the town where immerse yourself in this frontier town and really picture what the Clanton brothers hid after O.K. Corral, and take a walk it was like to live here during the showdown. East Allen Street through the Gila County Courthouse and Jail, which today is is worth exploring: its boardwalks are lined with shops, saloons the Cobre Valley Center for the Arts. Don’t forget to have a and restaurants. Visit the Cochise County Courthouse and cool drink at the Drift Inn Saloon, which has been in busi- gallows yard, which is now a museum. Finally, don’t forget to ness since 1902 and spend some time walking back in time check out the O.K Corral reenactment or attend the Helldorado to crazy cowboys and Wild West showdowns! Days festival. Bring those cowboy boots and hat and take a trip out of the city and back in time in Tombstone. Prescott restaurants, shopping, and a hometown feel that keep our visitors, young and old, Visit Prescott, Arizona! Nestled at an elevation of coming back year after year. 5,200′ feet above sea level amongst the larg- est stand of ponderosa pine forests in the U.S., Prescott’s perfect weather provides an average temperature of 70 degrees, with four beautiful Once the territorial capital, Prescott is rich and distinct seasons, and breathtaking landscapes with history embodied in its world famous complete with granite mountains, lakes, streams, Whiskey Row and abundant historical land- and rolling meadows filled with wildlife. marks. Whether you’re seeking to relax in a natural environment filled with beauty and wildlife, or the history of Wyatt Earp, Doc Here you’ll find many things to do including Holliday, and cowboy forays in the most horseback riding, golfing, kayaking, fishing, hik- famous saloons of the Old West, check out ing, camping, mountain biking, local breweries, the True West and Real Adventure.

Greer Jerome Located in Apache County, Greer is an unincorporated Jerome is built on Cleopatra Hill, which overlooks the community in the White Mountains. Surrounded by the Verde Valley in the Black Hills. Originally a mining town that Apache Sitgreaves National Forest, this town has a colorful struck it rich with copper, the population dropped off after the background: It was founded by Mormon settlers from Utah in heyday of mining was over. Jerome began to rise again when 1879! Greer has a much milder climate due to its proximity it became a National Historic Landmark in the 1960s and the to the lakes in the valley of the Little Colorado River, and is tourism breathed some life back into this town. a true haven for nature lovers. Escape extreme weather and Come enjoy the revitalized town and browse its art galleries sneak away to Greer! before discussing the local art over coffee at one of the many Come up in the winter and spend a few days hitting the coffee houses. Or, take a tour of the wineries such as the Bitter slopes at Sunrise Park Resort, a popular skiing resort. Enjoy Creek Winery and stop in for a meal at a local restaurant. You the mountains in the snow and snap some photos. Or, if the can always walk off whatever you eat and drink at the Jerome cold isn’t your favorite, Greer is also a popular summer State Historic Park, or if you’re a history buff, while browsing vacation destination in Arizona as the heat isn’t nearly as the local Jerome Historical Society Mine Museum. Visit a real oppressive here as in the desert. If you are here in the life ghost town at Gold King Mine and Museum before heading summer, spend some time hiking the West Baldy Trail, the back into town to shake off the eerie vibes. beauty and quiet calm will make you glad that you came! Sedona Cave Creek Caught in between the county lines of Coconino and Yavapai Located in Maricopa County, Cave Creek is conveniently located counties, Sedona stands firm in its own identity in the 27 miles northeast of Phoenix, so you’ll never be too far away northern Verde Valley. With a gorgeous backdrop of red from a big city, even if you’d never know it by the relaxed pace sandstone formations, which appear to almost glow in reds of life here. Not to be confused with the Cave Creek town that and oranges during sunrise and sunset, Sedona is a perfect is tucked away in the Chiricahua Mountains, this one is said to destination for photographers or outdoorsy people alike. have been the original town of Cave Creek and therefore has Even if you are not religious, take in the majestic views from true claim to the charm of the name. the Chapel of the Holy Cross, a church built on a 1,000 foot Feel like you’ve gotten away from the city without driving for red rock cliff. Hike out to Cathedral Rock or check out the hours, and spend some time here. The Full Circle Ranch Bed Red Rock Scenic Byway. You can always do an off-roading and Breakfast Inn is a lovely oasis awaiting your arrival. Make ATV tour at Red Rock Jeep Tours if you are feeling adven- sure you bring your walking shoes so you can hike at Cave Creek turous, or hike out along the West Fork Oak Creek Trail. You Regional Park or take a horseback ride at Cave Creek Trail Rides. can head back in and unwind at Arizona Winery Tours or Work up an appetite and head over to Tonto Bar and Grill for relax at Sedona’s New Day Spa. some great food out on the patio! Enjoy getting back to nature without feeling like you’ve spent half your vacation in travel.

Alpine Eagar Alpine is located in Bush Valley and is an unincorporated commu- Also located in Apache County, Eager is in the southern part nity in Apache County. First settled by Anderson Bush in the late of the county, north of the Apache National Forest and at 19th century, the first building was a log cabin known as “Fort the foot of the White Mountains. Eager is fortunate to have Bush” and was a local stronghold for the settlers in the surround- warm, but not hot summers: it has a warm-summer Medi- ing areas. He later sold his holdings to Mormon settlers who terranean climate that is perfect for those needing an escape turned Alpine into a Mormon community. from the harsher desert climates. Nowadays, people come to Alpine less for the religion and more Check out the quiet downtown area and have a coffee at the for the nature: nestled in the eastern end of the White Moun- Wildfire Espresso and Smoothie Bar. Paula’s Kitchen is around tains and in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Alpine is a the corner if you’re hungry. Spend a few days disconnecting great destination for hunters, fishers and camping enthusiasts. Go at the White Mountain Escape Bed and Breakfast, and spend to the San Francisco River and don’t forget your camping gear! Of a few days exploring the Apache National Forest. Ideal for course, you could always stay at the Deer Dancer Cabins if camp- hikers, enjoy the relaxed pace Eager has to offer and use this ing isn’t your style. Just bring some hiking boots and get back in time to catch up on relaxation and any hobbies. touch with Mother Nature. Winslow Quartzite A town located in Navajo County, Winslow was one of the Known as the “Desert Phenomenon”, Quartzsite is truly the destination towns along US Route 66 until the construction of gem of La Paz County. Situated 125 miles west of Phoenix at Interstate 40. More recently, it was made famous in the 70s in the junction of Interstate 10 and U.S. Highway 95, it enjoys a an Eagles song “Take it Easy”. Stop in to relax at the historic La close association with the Colorado River, just 18 miles to the Posada Hotel, popular with travelers for many decades, and have west. a drink at the Turquoise Room (we recommend the martini). The Sonoran Desert setting, just 879 feet above sea level, Drive out to the Meteor Crater and check out the Painted Desert holds its own mystique. The surrounding mountains add and Petrified Forest, all outside of the town but worth the drive. to the overall appeal, creating a scenic environment that is The desert location makes it perfect for snapping some gorgeous known for pristine desert views and glorious sunsets. photos and building your portfolio. You can always relax at night With its unique reputation for catering to travelers, Quartz- at the “Standin on The Corner Park”, or catch the annual Winslow site is the ‘destination of choice’ for literally millions of festival Standin’ On The Corner street festival, usually held in adventurer seekers, as well as the vendors who bring a vast September. A little off the beaten paths we use nowadays, array of treasures from all over the world to sell. Those who Winslow had maintained some good old-fashioned charm and come to work obviously enjoy the region’s many offerings as hospitality. much as the vacationers.

Payson Summerhaven Near the center of Arizona, Payson is located in northern Gila North of Tucson, you’ll find Summerhaven, a small community County. Often called “The Heart of Arizona”, it is surrounded on Mount Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains in Pima by the Tonto National Forest and is a mecca for outdoor County. A truly tiny town, in 2010 it had a permanent activity enthusiasts. Come visit and enjoy the fun spirit of population of 40. Originally used as a defense against the Payson; during Prohibition, the manufacture and sale of liquor Apache people, Summerhaven is deep in the mountains and was a common occurrence at their historic Bootleg Alley! surrounded by Pine Trees – you’ll find it almost 25 miles from They’ve continued in this same rebellious streak when it the base of the mountains! comes to modernization. Come up here for a true mountain retreat away from city Since then, there have been efforts made to connect Payson chaos. Rediscover small town charm at the Mount Lemmon more to the rest of Arizona, but we think that this isolation has General Store, a true blast from the past, and the Cookie preserved some of its charm. Come out here to hike in Tonto Cabin, where homemade cookies and pizzas are sold. It’s also National Forest, or hunt and fish in the surrounding areas. You a lovely winter destination for those who love the mountains can even go horseback riding or spend some time at the Tonto in the snow. Come up here to hike through the mountains and Natural Bridge, the largest known travertine natural bridge in take photos, or fish and hunt. You could even ski at the Mount the world. Indulge your risk-taking side at the Mazatzal Casino Lemmon Ski Valley or run the Mount Lemmon Marathon! and play some golf at the local country clubs. Williams Tubac West of Flagstaff and in the Coconino County, Williams is on Located in Santa Cruz County, Arizona and situated on the the historic Route 66 and at the southern terminus of the Santa Cruz River, Tubac was originally the first Spanish Grand Canyon Railway. Now on the National Register of Historic colonial garrison in Arizona before the O’odham Uprising. Places, Williams is named after a mountain man called William After the Spanish, Tubac was later repopulated by miners, “Old Bill” Williams. A popular destination for tourists during the farmers and ranchers in the 1800s but is more currently summer and holiday seasons, there are many fun activities to known as being a converted artists’ colony. keep you entertained here in Williams. Now, you can visit Tubac and experience the art colony Bring a car and see the historic Route 66 – Williams was the created in the 1930s-1960s, where Dale Nichols opened an last town to have its section bypassed. Check out the Williams art school and restored some of the town’s historic buildings. Depot and see a steam locomotive before wandering the his- The town founded Tubac Festival of the Arts in the 1960s. toric Business District. Travel back in time and stay at the Lodge Explore the Spanish garrison at Tubac Presidio State Historic on Route 66 before heading over to South Rims Wine & Beer Park and check out their art galleries and specialty shops. Garage. Stretch your legs at Bearizona Wildlife Park and don’t Save some time for the Flying Leap Tasting Room and Art forget Pete’s Rt 66 Gas Station Museum! While Route 66 is no Gallery – whether you’re inspired to pick up a paintbrush or a longer in use, its essence lives on here in Williams. glass, you won’t be disappointed.

and Beautiful Road Trips Places to Visit Grand Canyon For sheer natural grandeur, nothing quite tops the Grand Canyon. This ex- traordinary landmark is 277 miles long and was originally carved by the mighty Colorado River. Visitors marvel at the canyon’s millions of years of exposed geology. When visiting, tourists have the option of wit- nessing the canyon from the South Rim or its less-crowd- ed North Rim. Some visitors opt to hike into the canyon Arizona while others choose to raft down the river into the has more canyon grounds. Even if you’re just passing through mountains than any Northern Arizona, you definitely want to make a stop of the other moun- to see this visually astounding site. tain states (Colora- do, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Hoover Dam Utah, & Wyoming) with 3,928 The Hoover Dam has been a popular Arizona attraction mountain since it was constructed in 1935. The dam is an engineer- peaks & ing marvel on the Colorado River. Visitors can either drive or summits walk across the dam thatstretches across the river for 1,244 feet. Regarded as one of the greatest engineering wonders of the world, Hoover Dam is a popular destination for people visiting Northern Arizona as well as Las Vegas. If you have time, be sure totake one of the guided tours of the dam to witness its grandeur up close. Glen Canyon Nation Recreation Area Home to Lake Powell and dramatic Southwestern landscapes, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area is a great place to sightsee and spend quality time outdoors. Visitors enjoy activities on both land and water. There are various marinas on the lake as well as campgrounds. The recreation area is family friendly but also attracts nature enthusiasts and photographers from all over the country. Antelope Canyon Antelope Canyon is a famous slot canyon located near Page, Arizona on Navajo lands. The canyon’s sandstone formations are easily one of the state’s most picturesque natural wonders. Photographers from all over the world come to witness the canyon’s natural beauty. The only way to visit the canyon is by reserving space on one of the tours. There is a danger in visiting the canyon during the rainy season due to the risk for flash floods, so touring with a licensed operator is a must. Petrified Forest National Park Arizona’s Petrified Forest National Park is famous for its colorful terrain and, of course, its petrified wood. People who visit the park enjoy hiking, backpacking, and photography. The fossils of the fallen trees date back millions of years and are the backdrop of the area’s unique landscapes. The park encompasses about 230 square miles of land, so there’s plenty to ex- plore. Saguaro National Park Famed for its resident Saguaro cacti, Saguaro National Park is an amazing place to experience the desert landscape of the Southwest. The park is unique in that it sandwiches the city of Tucson with its east and west sides. Both parts of the park feature hiking trails and similar flora and fauna. If you prefer, you can even enjoy horseback riding on the park’s many trails.

Havasu Falls For natural enchantment, plan a visit to Arizona’s Havasu Falls. This stunning waterfall is located on Havasu Creek near the Grand Canyon. Owing to the high calcium carbonate in the water, the falls and the pool below boasts a dazzling shade of blue. Some people choose to hike to the falls or enjoy some swimming. If you’re looking to witness one of the state’s most postcard-worthy settings, be sure to set aside time to see Havasu Falls. Horseshoe Bend When you see Horseshoe Bend in person it is such an overwhelming experience. Getting there is easy. You take the Interstate 89 South from Page and after 7 minutes you get to the parking lot. Once in the parking lot you must walk about a quarter of a mile to the actual spot where Horseshoe Bend is located. Beware there are no protection rails so one must pay attention when approaching the edge. At 7am there are very few people around and it’s also a good time for photography. After the sun is high in the sky everything is too bright for decent photos Lake Powell Lake Powell can be described as “the Grand Canyon with water.” And it is exactly that. It’s the most beautiful and inspiring lake in the country if you’re looking for some unplugged R&R. Hikers, fishers, kayakers, swimmers, skiers, and wake- boarders will all enjoy the 98 snake-like canyons branching off the main channel. Beyond boating, there are countless natural formations that will make your list of most Instagramable moments ever. Try Reflection Canyon, Rainbow Bridge, LaGorce Arch, and Cathedral Canyon for epic views from the water. Monument Valley Nuzzled up against the Arizona border about 100 miles west of Four Corners are some 30 square miles of the most iconic scenery in the American West. Monument Valley is one of those places that you’ll recognize as soon as you see it, even if you’ve never been there before, as dozens of movies, TV shows, and even video games have used the area as a setting. It’s made up of mesas both small and large reaching up from the valley floor, some rising as high as 1,000 feet into the sky. Part of the Navajo Reservation, the area charges a $20-per-vehi- cle entrance fee to drive the dirt-road loop. Once in, however, you can also enjoy a number of hikes, or hire a guide for a horseback tour. Mt Lemmon On the northern edge of Tucson, you can drive through a condensed version of western North America’s ecosystem in about half an hour. On the way up the Mount Lemmon Highway (also known as “Catalina Highway” or “Sky Island Scenic Byway”), you traverse almost all of the different life zones you would encounter if you were to actually drive from Mexico to Canada: starting with the saguaro-studded Sonoran desert, up through grassland, junipers and oaks, pines, and finally a mixed-conifer forest with stands of aspen. You begin at about 2500 ft. and end up at almost 9100 ft. above sea level (about 760 to 2770 meters). In the summer, especially, southern Arizonans love this road: “thirty miles, thirty degrees cooler,” as the saying goes. When it’s 105 degrees down in the city, it’s a perfect 75 up on the mountain. In the winter, you can go skiing in the southernmost ski resort in the U.S.

and Beautiful Road Trips Places to Visit Kartchner Caverns The bell canopy is one of many fascinating features on the Rotunda-Throne Room tour at Kartchner Caverns State Park. It is formed by water flowing over a bump on the wall, then dripping to create this beautiful formation. In November 1974 two young cavers, Gary Tenen and Randy Tufts, were exploring the limestone hills at the base of the Whetstone Mountains. In the bottom of a sinkhole they found a narrow crack leading into the hillside. Warm, moist air flowed out, signaling the existence of a cave. After several hours of crawling, they entered a pristine cavern. The formations that decorate caves are called “speleothems.” Usually formations are composed of layers of calcite called travertine deposited by water. The form a speleothem takes is determined by whether the water drips, flows, seeps, condenses, or pools. Saguaro National Park, AZ If, like most visitors, you head for Tucson between Thanksgiving and Easter, you’re probably seeking sun and warmth while the rest of the country deals with the winter blahs. And you’ll most likely find what you’re looking for. There’s a reason why golfers, cyclists, hikers, and runners flock to southern Arizona this time of year. Saguaro National Park, which flanks both the western and eastern edges of Arizona’s second-largest city, is the ideal place to go for a hike in the rare desert snow. The Eastern (Rincon Mountain) division of the park has a hilly eight-mile one-way loop road with access to numerous trails. Drive slowly and yield to the runners and senior-citizen-cy- clists-in-spandex with thighs of steel. Get out and hike into the saguaro-stud- ded hills before the unlikely landscape disappears...Keep your eyes open for bobcats, mule deer, and the pig-like javelina. (You’re less likely to encounter a rattlesnake in the winter months, but this is still desert wilderness.) And if there’s no snow, you might be treated to spring wildflowers. Don’t forget your sunscreen... Salt River Canyon San Carlos Apache Reservation, AZ. Driving between Globe and Show Low in the White Mountains east of Phoenix, US 60 curves and descends dramatically into the Salt River Canyon. Some call it the ‘mini Grand Canyon.’ The highway snakes down some 2000 feet before climbing back up... Spring brings snowmelt and whitewater late summer, the monsoon rains are keeping the river muddy and turbulent...Several parking areas allow you to pull off the two-lane road; breathe in the views, stretch your legs on Apache land. Organ Pipe National Monument Crazy symphonies of prickly arms--nowhere else in the United States can you find these unique living sculptures, Unlike their more well-known Saguaro cousins, Organ Pipe cacti branch out from ground-level. They can grow to the height of nearly a two-story building and can live to be 150 years old. About a two-hour drive from Phoenix, or a two-and-a-half-hour drive from Tucson, Organ Pipe National Monument sits on the Mexican border. Summers are bru- tal in this unique ecosystem...and you’ll have the terrain to yourself. From November through April, though, the weather’s nearly perfect for hiking, camping, or just driving along the scenic loop road. This is one of the most stunning, and least-visited, corners of the Sonoran Desert--worth the drive!

Tonto Natural Bridge This is the world’s largest natural travertine bridge. When paired with the beautiful pines and seasonal waterfall, this makes the bridge one of a kind. The bridge is not immediately apparent, as beyond the park buildings stretches a flat meadow that seems to cover all the ground between the canyon walls. The creek actually runs a hundred feet below in a narrow gorge, the edge of which is hidden by trees, flows under the bridge beneath the meadow and continues downstream through a rather wider canyon. Slide Rock State Park in Sedona Slide Rock State Park, originally the Pendley Homestead, is a 43-acre historic apple farm located in Oak Creek Canyon. Frank L. Pendley, having arrived in the canyon in 1907, formally acquired the land under the Homestead Act in 1910. Due to his pioneering innovation, he succeeded where others failed by establishing a unique irrigation system still in use by the park today. As one of the few homesteads left intact in the canyon today, Slide Rock State Park is a fine example of early agricultural development in Central Arizona. The site was also instrumental to the development of the tourism industry in Oak Creek Can- yon. The completion of the canyon road in 1914 and the paving of the roadway in 1938 were strong influences in encouraging recreational use of the canyon. Hence, Pendley followed suit and in 1933, built rustic cabins to cater to vacationers and sightseers. Todays visitors can still enjoy the fruits of Pendley’s labor. Historic cabins are available for viewing, and the creek offers the park’s namesake slide for adventures seekers and those looking for a place to cool off. Tortilla Flat A tiny town with an equally tiny population (six residents) stands along the Apache Trail highway. Looks like one-half of a Wild West street. Vintage auto tour. Hanged dummy. Saloon bar stools made of saddles. Dollar bill wallpaper. Tortilla Flat was bought in 1998 and is still open. The restaurant and gift shop are all operating. The city even has its own zip code and a population of 6.

and Beautiful Road Trips Places to Visit Beaver Falls in Havasu Creek Goldfield Ghost TownBeaver falls are notoriously difficult to Havasu Creek Havasu Creek has humble beginnings access but once you arrive the site is breath as a little trickle of water from above the taking They are the fifth set of falls in the area wall of the canyon. This then runs some and are directly after Mooney Falls. fifty miles before entering Cataract Can- yon. The creek is famous for its blue- Originally some parts of the fall were fifty green water, this is because of the high feet in height but the floods of 1910 destroyed levels of calcium carbonate in the water some of the area. When you are at the site you that created the limestone around it. can see the markings around that show how high the water rose during the flood. (Apache Junction) In 1892 Goldfield was a bustling town sitting near to Superstition Mountains that had just struck gold. The town now is a ghost town that has been brought back to life for visitors to see in all its former glory. Whilst at the ghost town make sure to take a tour of the under- ground min Hoover Dam HuntsMesa,MonumentValley Lake Mead National Hoover Dam sits along the border or You will find Hunts Mesa along the Recreational Area Arizona and Nevada and was construct- south-eastern edge of the monument ed during the 1930’s. The dam today valley. A trip to Hunts Mesa will see you Lake Mead is a hot spot for recre- provides power for the states of Califor- experiencing panoramic views of the sand- ational activities, visitors can enjoy their nia, Nevada and Arizona. Each year an stone formations that can be seen in the time by fishing, boating, sightseeing or estimated 1,000,000 people come to distance. The area can only be accessed by settling down for a picnic. visit this astonishing site. travelling through the sand dunes that are to the north-east of the town Kayenta. Whilst you are here you will get to see thousands of animals and plants that adapted to the hot and dry climate. London Bridge The Lake Havasu hottest temperature in London Bridge initially spanned the Riv- Arizona was er Thames in London until it was discovered 128 degrees, that is was sinking into the river Thames. recorded in Lake Havasu The founder of Lake Havasu City pur- chased the bridge for $2,460,000 and spent City another $7,000,000 transporting the bridge on June 29, to its current location. It was then rebuilt as the structure you see today. 1994.

Tucson Mineral & Gem World (Tucson) NOT FAR FROM OLD TUCSON, a studio town built in the 1950s for filming westerns, a large canvas teepee and a bright red tyrannosaurus rex flank an old wooden storefront that looks like it could be in a classic Western movie. Tucson Mineral and Gem World has been around since 1968. The place is a cabinet of wonder in the middle of the desert. The Arizona rock shop/museum combo touts over 100,000 items, ranging from the skeletons of vampire bats and baby pigs to meteorites and the skull of a Roman gladiator. Casa Grande Ruins (Coolidge) Some of the tallest ancient American ruins continue to inspire awe and curiosity. SURROUNDED BY A LOW, EARTHEN wall and a number of agricultural canals, the Casa Grande Ruins in Arizona could have been a residence or a municipal hub, but whatever its original purpose, the four-story dirt pueblo has survived for centuries to give us a glimpse at America’s prehistoric history. The Great House is only one of a complex of buildings within the site, and only one of a much larger culture that is spread throughout the valley from Tucson to Pheonix. Lava Tube (Flagstaff) Who would think that surrounding the beautiful Ponderosa Pine forest here is Northern Arizona we have our very own collection of vol- canic wonders? One of these wonders includes the lava tubes Flagstaff has to offer that were formed through a volcanic vent located in Hart Prarie. As the lava flowed from the vent, the outside hardened into a tube-like formation. This newly created tunnel filled with molten lava creating a fiery faucet. Once the flow was done the cave cooled and re- mains a mile-long tunnel for all of those brave enough to explore it. This 700,000-year-old formation remains a cool 35°-45° even in the summer. White House Ruins at Canyon De Chelly The White House at Canyon De Chelly in owned by the Navajo Tribal Trust. The area can only be accessed by taking a guided tour by one of their companies, but the views are breath taking and the sandstone spire that rises 750 feet from the floor are worth the drive alone. Cobre Valley Casserole Makes 8 servings • 1 pound ground beef How to Make It • 1 medium onion, chopped • 1 celery rib, chopped In a large skillet, cook the beef, onion • 1 envelope taco seasoning and celery over medium heat until • 1/4 cup water meat is no longer pink; drain. Stir in • 2 cans (16 ounces each) refried the taco seasoning, water, beans and, • beans if desired, green chilies. • 1 can (4 ounces) chopped green Transfer to a greased 11x7-in. baking • chilies, optional dish. Bake, uncovered, at 350° for 30 • 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese minutes or until heated through. Top with cheese, green onions, • 2 green onions, sliced tomato, olives and chips.Freeze option: Cool unbaked casserole; cover • 1 large tomato, peeled, seeded and and freeze. To use, partially thaw in refrigerator overnight. Remove chopped from refrigerator 30 minutes before baking. Preheat oven to 350°. Bake 1/3 cup sliced ripe olives casserole as directed, increasing time as necessary to heat through and 1-1/2 cups crushed tortilla chips for a thermometer inserted in center to read 165°. Top as directed.

Ski Resorts Although you might not think of Arizona as a The northern part of the state has some impres- skiing and snowboarding destination, if you are sive mountains and a number of ski resorts. This in the Southwest at the right time, you just may is one of the few places in America where you be able to find awesome ski conditions. can go from lying in the sun poolside to plowing through powder all in the same day. Arizona Snowbowl (Flagstaff) Arizona Snowbowl near Flagstaff offers the best skiing experi- ence in the state. Often referred to as just Snowbowl, the resort is known for good snow, long runs, and plenty of terrain. And if you’ve never skied down the side of a volcano then you should definitely visit Arizona Snowbowl. But don’t let the sunny days fool you. This hill, in operation since 1938, gets storm systems that can dump legendary amounts of snow. It’s not uncommon for The the mountain to receive a foot or two of snow in a coldest day when storms roll through. temperature Arizona Snowbowl is high. The elevation of the in Arizona base is 9,200 feet, higher than many of the major resorts in Colorado. This high elevation and the ori- was entation of the mountain act like a giant baseball -40 degrees, glove, capturing any moisture that comes across recorded at from the Pacific Ocean. The lift-serviced elevation Hawley Lake is 11,500 feet, and if you have the energy and on Jan. 7, 1971. stamina to hike up another 500 feet, you can top out at an even 12,000 feet. Sunrise Park Resort (White Mountains) Sunrise Park Resort holds the title as Arizona’s largest ski resort. Located in the far west of the state, not far from the New Mexi- co border, this ski resort is more of a destination than a day trip destination. Up high in Arizona’s White Mountains, Sunrise Park Resort’s base elevation is 9,200 feet, and the top of the lift-ser- viced area is at an elevation of 11,000 feet. The mountains catch some serious snow during storms. Variety is key at Sunrise, and the 69 runs are spread out across three mountains; Apache Peak, Sunrise Peak, and Cyclone Circle. Each has its own feel. Getting to the resort takes time. It is a four-hour drive from Phoe- nix. Add another 30 minutes if you are coming from Tucson. As a result, it’s best to plan an overnight trip. Mt. Lemmon Ski Valley (Tucson) Residents of Tucson consider Mt. Lemmon Ski Valley their own hidden gem of a ski hill. Tucked up in Coronado National Forest in the Santa Catalina Mountains, this ski hill is only an hour and a bit from downtown Tucson. Although the 80-minute drive up from Tucson can be an adventure at times, the destination is worth it. Alpine enthusiasts like to “ski the lemmon” and that means cruis- ing down the short, but fun, runs and plunking down onto the old-school double chair and riding slowly back up to the top. The 22 runs are spread out across 200 acres and have a 950-foot ver- tical drop. If a storm has come through recently, you’ll be skiing or boarding down and through massive pine trees with boughs heavy with snow.

Grand Canyon - One of the 7 Each year, more than 5 million people visit the Grand Canyon which consists of the South Rim and the North Rim. Most people see this majestic wonder from its South Rim. Although the Rims are separated by about 20 miles, a five-hour road trip or 2-3 day hikes are required North Rim The North Rim stays pleasantly cool, even during the summer. Since it’s covered in trees, the North Rim has a natural shade while the South Rim heats up drastically during the summer months. The atmosphere at the North Rim is much more relaxing because so few people visit. Here the emphasis is on relax- ation and getting away from stress, rather than on the Grand Canyon attraction. The North Rim offers different views, but they are still dramatic in a subtle way. There are plenty of hiking opportunities, but to get the most out of the North Rim, you’ll need to hike on lengthier and less accessible trails. People visiting the North Rim don’t specifically go there to check out the Grand Canyon but rather to enjoy the atmo- sphere of a comfortable summer vacation. Kids play around the campground while parents socialize at the lodge, and hikers roam through the woods. To them, the Grand Canyon is just an additional benefit to the North Rim.

Natural Wonders of the World to get between the two sides. The two rims offer visitors completely different atmo- spheres, elevations, and activities. There aren’t any dinosaur fossils at the Grand Canyon because the rocks are much older than the oldest known dinosaurs. The only fossils you’ll find are things like Trilobites, Crinoids, Sponges & Corals South Rim Since the South Rim is more accessible from several large cities, it makes it a perfect day trip. Easily accessible viewpoints make it simple to enjoy the famous Grand Canyon views. The Grand Canyon South Rim is open all year long, so are the food courts and restaurants. The South Rim is at a lower elevation which allows you to get a better view of the walls of the opposite rim. The sheer magnitude of the Grand Canyon is much more visible from the South Rim. The South Rim is more “user friendly” with paved paths along the rim. In the winter, The South Rim is covered in snow. It’s a beautiful sight, but make sure to wear your winter gear. The Grand Canyon South Rim offers restaurants, cafeterias, stores and lodges. It’s great for families with children. The South Rim has more scheduled activities such as mule rides, helicopter rides, and Grand Canyon tours.

Famous Haunted Places Arizona is known for its scenic deserts, majestic mountains, and stunning canyons. But did you know that the Grand Canyon State also is also known for having its fair share of haunted places? That’s right, we said haunted. From ghost towns to gold mines to graveyards and beyond, Arizona is chock full of landmarks sure to scare up some thrills and chills. 122. 4NMorctMhuelrlennACirriczloe,nFalaUgsntaivffersity’s Morton Hall The near-century-old women’s dormitory on the forested grounds of Northern Arizona University is said to be haunted by the forlorn spirit of a heartbroken student named Kathy, who supposedly hanged herself in a stairwell during a winter break back in the early 1950s. Depending on who’s telling the tale, she was either abandoned by her family or had a boyfriend in the armed forces who died in combat. Over the decades, the alleged apparition has been blamed for a litany of phenomena, including lights flickering, radios and televisions malfunctioning, posters flying off the walls, and blankets being pulled off beds. 253. 5BEiradstcaAlgleenTShtreeaett,reTombstone The rough and ready city of Tombstone may have been the town that was “too tough to die,” but its inhabitants over the past 130 years or so haven’t been as lucky. Plenty of folks have shuffled loose the mortal coil since it was first settled in 1877, including the participants in the legendary O.K. Corral shootout and the longtime occupants of the equally renowned Boothill Cemetery. The Birdcage Theatre – a former saloon, gambling den, and brothel – also saw plenty of bloodshed in its day, as 16 different deadly gunfights took place on the historic property. As such, this former house of ill repute is a hot spot for alleged ghost sightings and encounters with otherworldly beings. 313. 0A5rEizaostnBauSttteaAtevePnruies,oFnloCreonmceplex Death sentences have been carried out at the Florence Prison since 1910. According to the Arizona Department of Corrections website, roughly 100 inmates have been executed during the past century inside the confines of the state’s first hoosegow in Florence, either by hanging, lethal injection, or a trip to the gas chamber. So it shouldn’t really come as much of a surprise that there have been more than a few (possibly apocryphal) yarns spun over the years about both inmates and guards witnessing several instances of “mists that looked in human form” or having their ears assaulted with “screams and other strange sounds” in the building that houses the prison’s death chamber or the adjacent cell blocks. 526. OSolwivleesr AHvoeunusee, Bisbee This funky, two-story bed and breakfast dating back to the early years of the 20th century is a favorite of ghost hunters everywhere due to its bloody history. Per local lore, the former boarding house has been the site of numerous murders stemming from cases of adultery. One particularly grisly tale involves a cop who blew away his cheating wife and her paramour in 1920 before going on to slaughter more than a dozen others throughout the building. Over the years, guests at the Oliver House have reported such unusual occurrences as doors and shutters closing, ghostly footsteps in the hallways, or sounds of gunshots being heard.

5. Thornton Road Domes Casa Grande There’s a very eerie aura surrounding the unusual-looking, UFO-shaped concrete structures located on a five-acre patch of desert terrain off Interstate 8 south of Casa Grande. Vacant since the early ‘80s, when a now-defunct California electronics manufacturer constructed the buildings for office space and a factory, the so-called Thornton Road Domes have become a quaint curiosity, fodder for local shutterbugs, and an impromptu gallery for graffiti artists. Some spooky stories have sprung up in recent years about shadowy figures scurrying about the property, slamming car doors, kicking around rocks, or unleashing demonic-sounding screams. Though they’re still more or less standing as of this writing, Pinal County has ordered the demolition of the domes. 6. Jerome Grand Hotel 200 Hill Street, Jerome They don’t call Jerome a ghost town for nothing, as the quaint hillside hamlet in northern Arizona is filled with infamous yarns of specters and spirits that haunt its historic buildings. However, none are as notorious as the monolithic, four-sto- ry Jerome Grand Hotel that looms over the rest of Jerome. Debuting in 1927 as the United Verde Hospital, this was where local miners came after suffering gruesome injuries while digging for copper (many of whom succumbed to their grievous wounds), or where the insane were brought to be cured of their men- tal illnesses. After closing in 1950, the building reopened some 47 years later as a vintage hotel where many a visitor has supposedly been scared by visions of phantom nurses, faint cries of distress, or the odd scream or two. 7. Vulture Gold Mine 36610 North 355th Avenue, Wickenburg As the cast members of Ghost Adventures could attest, the Vulture Mine is a tru- ly spooky place indeed. Paranormal investigators from the Travel Channel reality show paid a visit to the abandoned, 1880s-era former gold prospector’s paradise two years ago, and – if their exploits are to be believed – had rocks thrown at them, captured recordings of apparitions telling them “Get out!” and “You’re gonna die,” and had the willies scared out of them. Your mileage may vary if you dare pay a visit to the attraction, which is located approximately 70 miles northwest of the Valley. Campfire Hash How to Make It Makes 6 servings • 1 large onion, chopped Directions • 2 tablespoons canola oil In a large ovenproof skillet over • 2 garlic cloves, minced medium heat, cook and stir onion in • 4 large potatoes, peeled and cubed oil under tender. Add garlic; cook 1 minute longer. Add potatoes. Cook, (about 2 pounds) uncovered, for 20 minutes, stirring • 1 pound smoked kielbasa or Polish occasionally. Add kielbasa; cook and stir until sausage, halved and sliced meat and potatoes are tender and • 1 can (4 ounces) chopped green browned, 10-15 minutes. Stir in chiles and corn; heat through. chiles • 1 can (15-1/4 ounces) whole kernel corn, drained

8. Casey Moore’s Oyster House 850 South Ash Avenue, Tempe One of the many charms of this popular haunt for ASU students and Tempe residents are all the legends that have been built up over the decades regarding its resident ghosts. The most famous of which was a gal who lived upstairs in the former boarding house and residence built in 1910 and was stran- gled upstairs by her jilted boyfriend. Various neighbors have reported seeing figures moving around after closing time through the windows of Casey Moore’s second floor (now a dining room) longtime manager Michael Loney and co-own- er Gavin Rutledge have also had a few close encounters with anonymous apparitions over the years. Heck, New Times even investigated the legends for themselves back in 2008 9. Hotel San Carlos 202 North Central Avenue When troubled ingénue Leone Jensen threw herself from the roof of the Hotel San Carlos in May 1928, her tragic suicide ultimately gave the downtown Phoenix landmark its most enduring legacy and a haunted hotel. The 25-year- old’s tragic plunge off the seven-story building launched hundreds of tales of a ghostly woman in white roaming the hallways and certainly proved to be a profitable shtick that its ownership continues to play up to this day. Naturally, it’s been a stop on any number of local ghost-hunting tours. 10. Lost Dutchman State Park 6109 North Apache Trail, Apache Junction Though a scenic state park, Lost Dutchman is historic and spooky as hell. Yes, the Superstition Mountains allegedly hold the fabled Lost Dutchman’s mine, which is also supposedly haunted and guarded by spirits. Dozens of people have lost their lives searching for the Lost Dutchman Mine or gold, or both. “Scattered at the foot of the Superstition mountainous area are ‘holes’ (known as a prospects) dug into the earth by desperate miners called ‘prospectors’ searching for that oh so rare yellow metal, we know as gold,’” says Lost Dutchman park manager Tim Kristof, “Gold fever was rampant in the Old West and somewhat for a few souls today.” Nearby residents have reported shadows, lights, and of course, tons of hearsay. Ingredients Skillet Beef Tamales • 1 pound lean ground beef (90% lean) • 1/3 cup chopped sweet red pepper Directions • 1/3 cup chopped green pepper In a large skillet coated with cooking spray, cook beef and peppers • 2 cups salsa over medium heat 6-8 minutes or until beef is no longer pink and • 3/4 cup frozen corn vegetables are tender, breaking up beef into crumbles; drain. Stir • 2 tablespoons water in salsa, corn and water; bring to a boil. • 6 corn tortillas (6 inches), halved and cut Stir in tortilla strips. Reduce heat; simmer, covered, 10-15 minutes or until tortillas are softened. Sprinkle with cheese; cook, covered, into 1/2-inch strips 2-3 minutes longer or until cheese is melted. Serve with sour • 3/4 cup shredded reduced-fat cheddar cream. Freeze option: Freeze cooled meat mixture in freezer containers. cheese To use, partially thaw in refrigerator overnight. Heat through in a saucepan, stirring occasionally and adding a little water if necessary. Serve with sour cream. Makes 5 servings

FAIRS & FESTIVALS / ART SHOWS / CRAFT SHOWS / FOOD FESTIVALS / HOME & GARDEN / MUSIC FESTIVALS / AND MORE! The sunny state of Arizona is a place where you will not get bored quickly as there’s so many things to see and visit. Landmarks like the Grand Canyon are known all over the world. Hiking trails and beautiful scenic plalces to visit. There are all kinds of Museums, Festivals, Art Shows, Food Festivals, Rodeos, etc.

ThFeleBaest 1. TGhleeGnlednadlaelePSuwbaplicMMeetaFrlkeea tMarket, open every Saturday MAraiirznkonetas and Sunday year-round, is one of Arizona’s most loved, From the Grand Canyon to Monument family-friendly fleas. Valley, Arizona is a Wild West state that was made to be explored. A paradise The busy market, which is a short 20-minute drive from for road trippers, history buffs and out- Downtown Phoenix, offers bargain hunters a varied mix of fresh door fanatics, the state offers endless local produce, new and second-hand clothing and low-priced opportunities for activities. homeware. It’s also a unique place to pick up a bargain. From the vintage flea markets It’s also one of the best markets in the state for foodies, thanks of the state’s busy capital, Phoenix, to to a wide selection of snack bars, food vendors and stalls. Choose the family-friendly open-air markets of from Mexican or classic American, ice cream, popcorn and more. Tucson, no matter what you are looking With an admission fee of just $0.75 on Saturdays and $1.25 on for, you’re guaranteed to find some- Sundays, this is a budget-friendly market for the entire family to thing for every taste and budget at one enjoy. of the 15 best flea markets in Arizona 2. Thieves Market Tempe’s large outdoor flea, the Thieves Market, is a haven for vintage lovers and antique collectors alike. Taking place on the first Saturday of the month, Thieves has one of Arizona’s best selections of collectibles, vintage clothing, furniture and jewellery, as well as bric-a-brac, homeware, garden ornaments and handmade gifts. Open from 9am, bargain hunters will need to dig a little to find buried treasure, but with an admission fee of just $3 and free parking, this is a great place to spend a Saturday searching for things you need, and probably finding a lot of things you didn’t even realise you wanted! 3. Phoenix Park ‘n Swap Popular with locals and tourists alike, the Phoenix Park ‘n Swap is one of Arizona’s best flea markets. Open year-round from Wednesday through Sunday, the Phoenix Park ‘n Swap has a huge selection of new and used goods, as well as a range of on-site services. You can pop into the beauty salon for a treatment, pick up fresh local produce and even get a tattoo. For bargain shoppers, the Phoenix Park ‘n Swap has hundreds of vendors selling everything from souvenirs to cleaning products, electrical items to home décor and pet supplies.t 4. TTaannquqeuVeerVdee rSdweapSMweaept isMmeuecht more than just one of Arizo- na’s best flea markets, it’s also cheap and cheerful place to spend a Friday or Saturday night. With free entry, a carnival atmosphere and a great range of food and beer to choose from, as well as kids carnival rides and live entertainment, there is no better market in Tucson. Once you’ve sampled some of the international cuisine – including tacos, pizzas, hotdogs, churros and more – you can browse amongst the hundreds of stalls selling everything from records and crafts to books, computers, mobile phones and clothing.

5. Arizona Market Place Southern Arizona’s largest and most popular flea, the Arizona Market Place offers over 32 acres of shopping space, with up to 1000 vendors selling their wares every Thursday to Sunday from 9am. Arrive early and start your day of bargain hunting with a break- fast special from the on-site kitchen, before browsing the many stalls. You’ll find everything from clothing to stationary, hardware and tools, flowers, toys, jewellery, homeware and much more, as well as a wide selection of fresh fruit, veg, nuts and other produce. Alongside the endless shopping opportunities, the Arizona Market Place also has a bar area, plenty of seating space and live stage entertainment, making this an ideal day out for the whole family. 6. IPf yeodud’relearf’asnPoafsosld-school flea markets, Peddler’s Pass in Arizona’s Prescott Valley is the place for you. Filled with antiques, collectibles, vintage items and general “junk”, this flea market attracts those who like to dig, and haggle, for their next hidden treasure or bargain buy. You’ll find plenty of choice for breakfast and lunch at the on-site snack bar, perfect to fill up on when you need a break from rummaging around. With free entry and parking, and vendors who are more than happy to strike up a deal, this is one flea market that your purse strings will thank you for visiting. 7. Merchant Square One of Arizona’s best indoor flea markets, Merchant Square, in Chandler, Arizona, is a must stop for anyone who loves fine antiques and collectable items. With 58,000 sq.ft. of undercover shopping space, and more than 250 vendors, this year-round antiques destination promotes itself as a “destination and adventure”, rather than just a regular market. Whether you are looking for a rare antique book, vintage vinyl record, collectible figurine or simply a unique piece of antique furniture for your home, the Square has something for every style and taste. If all of the antique hunting makes you hungry, Merchant Square’s delicious American Way Café has a great selection of meals, snacks and drinks in a retro-diner setting. 8. Yuma Swap Meet One of the biggest flea markets in Arizona, and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Yuma, the Yuma Swap Meet takes place every weekend during the high season, with some 30,000 bargain hunters arriving from all over the country. Opened in the 1960’s, the Yuma Swap Meet started with just a handful of stalls and has now grown to feature a huge number of vendors. Whether you are looking for an antique, unusual item for your home, collectibles or simply to browse amongst the bric-a- brac, visitors will find a huge range of products at the Yuma Swap Meet.

9. Kingman’s Route 66 Swapmeet 14. Gather A Vintage Market If you have time to spare and feel like a road trip, the Popular with serious collectors, this monthly, four-day vin- historic Kingmans Route 66 Swapmeet is well worth the tage flea market in Tucson is packed with rare items for both trip. Situated between Ryan Avenue and Thompson Avenue homes and gardens. on Historic Route 66, this flea has been running for over 30 years. Open Thursday to Sunday once a month, the Gather A Vintage Market has been running since 2013, and now The open air market, which runs every Friday, Saturday features more than 15 unique vendors. Items are sourced and Sunday from 7am, has over 100 vendors selling every from all over America, and even as far as Europe, allowing item you could possibly imagine. Whether you need a new shoppers to find some truly unusual antique and microwave, an antique book or a bicycle, the Kingsman collectible pieces. Route 66 Swapmeet is one of Arizona’s most eclectic flea markets. Each monthly market is centred around a theme, providing shoppers with creative inspiration for their next 10. Mesa Market Place Swap Meet home or garden project. A colourful flea market in Mesa, just a short drive from 15. Junk in the Trunk Flea Market Phoenix, the Mesa Market Place Swap Meet is packed with over 1500 vendors, delicious food stalls and features free If you’re looking for a stylish flea market shopping event, entertainment and live music every weekend. Junk in the Trunk’s Arizona market – held several times throughout the year at Westworld, Scottsdale, is the perfect Located in the Arizona Desert, beneath the Superstition place for your next shopping trip. Mountains, a trip to the Mesa Market Place Swap Meet is a fun, scenic day out for the whole family. Browse the huge Starting out as just a few vendors, this popular flea market number of stalls, selling everything from toys to handmade has grown to welcome some 35,000 visitors, and now hosts crafts, fresh produce, electrical items and clothing, before three-day vintage events with hundreds of vendors. From filling up on tasty international meals at the food court. upcycled furniture to vintage clothing, antique homeware to handmade gifts, the Junk in the Trunk 11. Sweet Salvage market events are definitely more chic than shabby and offer visitors the chance An award-winning, four-day flea market shopping event, to pick up some incredible and unusual bargains. Sweet Salvage in Phoenix takes place on the 3rd Thursday to Sunday of every month. 16. Highlland Yard Vintage One for the vintage lovers, this popular flea features a Highland Yard Vintage is a brand new HOME and GAR- host of unique of vendors, craftspeople, artists and DEN MARKET opening 4 days a month in Chandler AZ in the designers. Whether you are looking to add an unusual warehouse behind Merchant Square. We have 6000 sq feet finishing touch to a home décor project, find a rare item of of incredible home and garden decor featuring some of the vintage clothing or jewellery or you want to pick up a most popular and talented Designers, Pickers and Makers in handcrafted gift for a special occasion, Sweet Salvage is one Arizona!! of Phoenix’s coolest flea markets. 12. Backstreet Indoor Flea Market A great flea market to visit when the Arizona heat is too much, the Backstreet Indoor Flea Market in Prescott Valley is full of rare items, hidden treasure and bargain buys. Open Wednesday to Sunday from 10am, the Backstreet Indoor Flea Market has antiques, collectibles, comics, jewellery, musical instruments, artwork and much more. With around 40 vendors, and more being added on a regu- lar basis, it’s worth popping back to Backstreet to see new merchants and items each week. If you’re looking to sell or track down a particular piece, the friendly staff are more than happy to offer their knowl- edgeable advice. 13. Flagstaff Urban Flea Market A newer addition to the Arizona flea market scene, the Flagstaff Urban Flea Market runs on the second Saturday of the month, from June through to October. Located at City Hall in downtown Flagstaff – on the Historic Route 66 – the Flagstaff Urban Flea Market is an eclectic mix of merchants, craftspeople and artisans, selling a wide range of goods. New vendors arrive for each flea market but visitors can ex- pect to find vintage clothing, handcrafted wood and leather goods, antiques, records, books and household goods, as well as flowers, homemade beauty products and more.

Observatories McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope (Tucson) The world’s largest solar THE MCMATH-PIERCE SOLAR TELESCOPE, ATOP Kitt Peak in Arizona, is the world’s largest instrument dedicated to telescope is studying the Sun. The telescope commands an awe-inspiring located at the view with its distinctive 110-foot-tall tower and 200-foot-long diagonal shaft. In addition to being the largest solar tele- Kitts Peak National scope in the world, the McMath-Pierce is also unique because Observatory it is sensitive enough to observe bright stars at night. near Tucson. Lowell Observatory (Flagstaff) PERCIVAL LOWELL, OF THE WELL-KNOWN Lowell family in Boston, was an early 20th century astronomer who popularized the belief that Mars was home to an advanced, highly technological civilization. Like most wealthy amateur scientists of his era, Lowell had many interests; he was a businessman, author, mathematician, and noted Japanophile who traveled extensively in Asia. In 1894, however, Lowell dedicated most of his efforts to studying astronomy and used his wealth to found an observatory in his name. As one of the oldest observatories in the U.S., the site’s history is replete with important astronomical discoveries—a tradition that continues to this day. Dinner Poppers Preheat oven to 350°. In a large skillet, cook bacon over medium heat until partially cooked but not crisp. Remove to paper towels to drain. Sprinkle chicken with salt and pepper. In a skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat; brown tenderloins on both sides. Cool slightly. Ingredients Carefully cut a slit down the side of each pepper and remove seeds. Fill each with one tenderloin; top each with 2 tablespoons cheese and a strip of cream cheese. Close peppers; wrap with bacon and secure with toothpick. • 4 bacon strips Place on a foil-lined baking sheet, slit side up. Top with remaining • 4 chicken tenderloins cheddar cheese; bake until browned and peppers are tender, 25-30 • 1/4 teaspoon salt minutes. Remove toothpicks before serving. • 1/8 teaspoon pepper • 2 teaspoons canola oil • 4 poblano peppers *Wear disposable gloves when cutting hot peppers; the oils can • 1-1/2 cups shredded cheddar cheese, burn skin. Avoid touching your face. • divided Makes 4 servings 4 ounces cream cheese, cut into 4 strips

For more than a century, adventurous souls have sought the Lost Dutchman Mine, and since 1891, more than a hundred people have claimed to find it. But the mine remains shrouded in mystery, so much so that it might not exist at all. Treacherous, rugged trails have long been a thorn to countless souls who have passed through the Superstition Mountains east of Phoenix. The mountains are home to many tales of gold and treasure in which men have lost their lives looking for the hidden gem of the area — the Lost Dutchman gold mine. The Superstition Mountains (their name inspired by Pima Indian legends) have been a source of mystery and legend since early times. The area is dot- ted with ancient cliff dwellings and caves, many showing signs of former habitation. It is not certain who these people were; some believe they were Salado or Hohokam Indians who populated this part of Arizona several centuries ago. Later, Pimas and “Apaches” (some of whom may have been Yavapais) occupied parts of the region. However, the name “Apache” came to be closely associated with the Superstitions, and the mountains became an Apache stronghold in the 1800s. During the 1840s the Peralta family of northern Mexico supposedly developed rich gold mine(s) in the Supersti- tions. Their last expedition to carry gold back to Mexico occurred in 1848. According to legend, the large party was ambushed by Apaches, and all were killed except for one or two Peralta family members who escaped into Mexico. This area is known today as the Massacre Grounds. A number of other people were supposed to have known the mine’s location or even to have worked it. Numer- ous maps have surfaced over the years, only to become lost or misplaced when interested parties pressed for facts. Men who claimed to have found the Peralta mine were unable to return to it or some disaster occurred before they could file a claim, all adding to the lore of a “lost mine.” In the 1870s Jacob Waltz, “the Dutchman” (actually a native of Germany), was said to have located the mine through the aid of a Peralta descendant. Waltz and his partner, Jacob Weiser worked the mine and allegedly hid one or more caches of gold in the Superstitions. Most stories place the gold in the vicinity of Weaver’s Needle, a well known landmark. Weiser was killed by Apaches, or according to some, by Waltz himself.

Legend of the Lost Dutchman In failing health, Jacob Waltz moved to Phoenix and died some twenty years later in 1891. He supposedly described the mine’s location to Julia Thomas, a neighbor who took care of him prior to his death. Neither she nor dozens of other seekers in the years that followed were able to find the “Lost Dutchman’s Mine.” Subsequent searchers have sometimes met with foul play or even death, contributing to the superstition and legend that surround these mountains. Many versions of the “Lost Dutchman Mine” story exist, and several books and films have been done on the subject.

ZOOs, Preserves & Wil One of the best things to do in Arizona is to check out the local wildlife parks and zoos, as it can open your eyes to native animals that you might not get to see elsewhere! And of course, animals always have a way of brightening your day, so it never hurts to include them somewhere on your itinerary. The state of Arizona has many amazing wild- life parks, sanctuaries, museums, and zoos, and here are the top ones that you need to check out the next time you head to the Grand Canyon State! Wildlife World Zoo & Aquarium (Litchfield Pk) Wildlife World Zoo & Aquarium is a 215-acre zoo and aquarium in Litchfield Park, Arizona, United States, near Phoenix. The zoo special- izes in African and South American animals, and has Arizona’s largest collection of exotic animals. It has a 0.6 miles “safari train”, a boat ride through the Australian habitat, a tram through another segment of the African habitat, and several amusement-oriented rides. Since 2008, it also has an aquarium with a total tank volume of 180,000 US gallons. The latest section, “Adventureland”, opened in February, 2016. This added 15 acres, four rides, and a restaurant. Phoenix Zoo (Phoenix) With over 3,000 animals on-site, the Phoenix Zoo is a great place to learn about the many creatures we share the planet with. There are lots of ways to interact with the animals who live here, and there’s so much to explore! Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum (Tucson) Rated as one of the top museums in the United States, this 98-acre desert experience is one that you’ll never forget. There are 242 animal species, 1,200 types of plants, and houses one of the world’s most im- pressive mineral collections. It’s considered a must-see in Tucson. Out of Africa Wildllife Park (Camp Verde) If you’ve ever wanted to feed a large cat, watch tigers swim, or ride the Racing Raptor zip line over the safari lands, this park is a must-see at- traction. There’s also great shows and tours that make an unforgettable experience. Heritage Park Zoological Sanctuary (Prescott) Heritage Park Zoological Sanctuary is a non-profit wildlife sanctuary that is 100% dedicated to taking care of and conserving our native wild animals. There are numerous ways for visitors to learn and interact with the animals who live here, in addition to regular special events. Reid Park Zoo (Tucson) Reid Park Zoo is a 24-acre zoo that was founded in 1965. It has been a Tucson hot spot for seeing animals ever since. It’s home to many differ- ent species including lions, lemurs, zebras, monkeys and elephants.

ildlife Parks Grand Canyon Deer Farm & Petting Zoo (Williams) Grand Canyon Deer Farm & Petting Zoo is an enchanting deer farm near the Grand Canyon that has been welcoming animal lov- ers to its grounds for the last five decades. People are welcome to feed and pet these beautiful animals, which is great for a day of fun. Bearizona Wildlife Park (Williams) At the Bearizona Wildlife Park, you’re able to take a walking tour of the camp, see a bird predator show, witness an otter feeding, or even drive your own car through the bears’ habitat for some up-close views. Rooster Gogburn Ostrigh Ranch (Tucson) There is no substitute for experiencing it up close and personal. Rooster Cog- burn Ostrich Ranch isopen to the public since 1999 when it was just the ostrich to feed. Nowadays, however, there are lots of critters to feed! Joining the ostrich are Miniature Sicilian Donkeys, Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Fallow Deer, Peking Ducks, “The Goat Penthouse” and the “Hole in the Wall Gang” featuring Boer Goats, and the all-time favorite Rain- bow Lorikeets. There is something for everyone here and more fun than you can imagine. Affordable family fun for all ages. Amusement parks and outdoor recreational activities. Butterfly Wonderland (Scottsdale) “From the 3D movie with butterflies up close, to the live cocoon transformation showcase, excitement builds to be entranced by the magnificent butter- fly frenzy surrounded by lush plants, stunning flowers & a water...” “You learn so much about the history of butter- flies and migration patterns of the monarchs and then to see caterpillars in there just station phase was amazing.” OdySea Aquarium (Scottsdale) “3D movies, animal specialist lectures, kid oriented talks & hands-on activities, auditorium that rotates 360 degrees while giving you the feel of being in a subma- rine and seeing the marine life, etc.” “This is one of the most amazing aquariums- they have monkey seals, penguins, manta rays, the most beautiful rays, sharks and amazing place for kids to play.” Sea Life Ariziona Aquarium (Tempe) “The fresh and ocean water aquatic life that we were able to see was stunning including sting rays, sharks, turtles, thousands of fish and even a interactive touch tank to feel starfish, sea anemones, shellfish and...” “... in the area- it is a must see! Afterwards, there’s a great food court with a variety of food choices, shopping galore, and if your littles are into Legos- Legoland is right across the mall from the aquarium.”

More ZOOs, Preserves & Wildlife Parks Riparian Preserve at Water Ranch (Gilbert) In 1986, the Town of Gilbert made a commitment to reuse 100% of its effluent water. The Town’s desire to create innovative and unique ways to combine water resource development with wildlife habitat, educational and recreational opportunities led to the development of the Riparian Preserve in 1999. Of the 110 acres, 70 acres make up the 7 water recharge basins that are filled on a rotating basis with treated effluent and allowed to percolate into the aquifer where it is stored for future use. One of the ponds has a unique distribution stream that mimics the action of an ephemeral desert stream. An additional lake is filled with reclaimed water, and is designated as an urban fishing resource through the Arizona Game and Fish Depart- ment. Picture Canyon (Flagstaff) A nature and cultural preserve named for its multitude of petro- glyphs carved by the Northern Sinagua people. For many centuries, the Northern Sinagua people lived in the deserts of central and northern Arizona. Translating to “without water,” their name is de- rived from the name the Spanish Conquistadors gave the area when they arrived, shocked that people were able to survive in such an arid region. The Northern Sinagua people inhabited what is now Flagstaff, Arizo- na, from around 700 to 1300. Today, a large and scenic nature pre- serve within the city protects rare wetlands, birds and other wildlife, and the more than 150 Sinagua petroglyphs that gave Picture Canyon its name. Phoenix Herpetological Sanctuary (Scottsdale) The Phoenix Herpetological Sanctuary is a 501(c)(3) non-profit orga- nization and is a statewide facility that includes a surrender facility, education program, summer camps and rescue and rehabilitation. Visit over 1700 reptiles in their natural habitat while expert guides describe origin, diet, and conservation status. Students may even interact with some critically endangered animals. See more than 230 venomous snakes in the Venom & Research Lab as well as alligators, crocodiles, Galapagos tortoises, Gila monsters, just to name a few.

Arizona Castles Tovrea Castle (Phoenix) Tovrea Castle is a historic structure and landmark in Phoenix, Arizo- na. Originally intended as a centerpiece for a resort and later a pri- vate residence, the castle is now part of the Phoenix parks system and is designated as one of the Phoenix Points of Pride. Copenhaver Castle on Camelback Mountain (Phoenix) In its heyday the Copenhaver Castle was home to some of the most lavish parties the Valley of the Sun has ever seen. The home’s original owner, Dr. Mort Copenhaver, was the very definition of a gracious host, entertaining A-list Hollywood celebrities and other lucky partygoers in fine fashion in his one-of-a-kind home. Today as the castle re-emerges and is on the brink of a profound resto- ration, a new era of entertaining on this incredible property is soon to get underway. MtowoanrtdeszFulamgstaafCf)astle (North Central Arizona Montezuma Castle is one of a number of well-preserved ancient dwellings in north central Arizona, including the Wupatki, Tonto, Walnut Canyon, and Tuzigoot national monuments. It is probably the most spectacular; an imposing 20 room, 5-story structure built into a recess in a white limestone cliff about 70 feet above the ground. When first (re)discovered the ruins were thought to be Aztec in origin, hence the name bestowed on them by early explorers, but they are now known to belong to the Sinagua Indian peoples who farmed the surrounding land between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries, before abandoning the area. The good state of preservation of the ruins is due in part to their protected location, shielded from rain and sun, and also the relatively early designation of the site as a national monument (in 1906). Mystery Castle (Phoenix) MYSTERY CASTLE WAS BUILT BY Boyce Luther Gulley over a 15 year period. The mystery in Mystery Castle, is what compelled Gulley to abandon his job, wife, and his one year old daughter and set off to build the castle. Gully disappeared altogether for three years before turning up in Phoenix and beginning work on the castle. The Castle is said to be held together by a combination of mortar, cement and goats milk, and built from a wide range of materials including stone, adobe, automobile parts, salvaged rail tracks and telephone poles. De- spite having 18 rooms, 13 fireplaces and numerous parapets, until recently, the castle had no running water or electricity.


Desert Plants CACTI OF THE DESERT. The Iconic Saguaro Prickly Pear Known for its tall, branching shape, the saguaro cactus Prickly pears are a subgroup of Opuntia, identified by (Carnegiea gigantea) is a true their wide, flat, branching pads, and are often called icon of the Arizona Sonoran nopal cactus or paddle cactus. desert. Reaching between 15 Most varieties have a combi- and 50 feet in height, saguaros nation of detachable spines grow very slowly, sending up and tufts of barbed bristles a single, 2-foot-wide column (glochids) that can cause sig- lined with clusters of 2-inch- nificant allergic skin reactions. long spines in youth. Most of The pads, flowers and fruit of the saguaros roots are only 4-6 most varieties are edible after inches deep and radiate out as careful cleaning. far from the plant as it is tall. There is one deep root that extends down into the ground more than 2 feet. Bloom time: The different It is only at 50 years of age that saguaros begin to pro- varieties of the prickly pear duce their characteristic arms; as many as five may be will offer different colors produced within a plant’s lifetime. With the right grow- of flowers, usually yellow, red or purple. Fruit colors ing conditions, it is estimated that saguaros can live to can also vary in shags of red, green and yellow-orange. be as much as 150-200 years old. Bloom time is from June to July. Bloom time: The majestic saguaro is known for its beautiful “crown” of white flowers that begin occurring Golden Hedgehog Cactus the last two weeks of Aril, and peak flowering occurs during the last week of May through the first week Golden Hedgehog cactus in June. After the flowers have been pollinated they (Echinocereus nicholii) mature into bright red fruit. Ripe fruit is an excellent occurs in northern Mexi- source of food and moisture for many desert animals co and southern Arizona, including; finches, woodpeckers, doves, bats, tortoise, primarily within Pima javelina and coyote. County. Named for its Interesting fact: The largest cactus in the southern pale-yellow spines, gold- part of the Sonoran Desert is the Mexican Cardon en hedgehog cactus is a (Pachycereus pringlei). The cardon resembles the small, spreading species Saguaro in growth form but it is much more massive, comprised of up to 20 developing a very thick truck and the branches are 2-foot-tall stems lined closer to the ground and often more numerous. with exceptionally thick, 3-inch-long spines ar- ranged in rosette patterns. Bloom time: The Golden Hedgehog cactus is known for its vibrant flowers. In mid-spring, golden hedgehog cactus bears a crop of waxy lavender or crimson flowers, which later mature into small, red fruit.

Indigenous Plant Life of the Sonoran Desert Succulents are plants that can store water, a major advantage in an arid ecosystem. Different adaptations allow them to thrive in areas with high temperatures and low rainfall. All cacti are succulents and are able to survive in the desert as a result of their many physical adaptations. They have roots close to the soil surface that quickly collect rainwater. The stem swells during wet weather, and then contracts during a drought. The green stems photosynthesize throughout the hot and dry summer. Cacti were used by native people for food, medicine, dyes, tools, and a variety of other uses. Although all cacti are succulents, not all succulents are cacti. Other non-cacti succulents found in the Sonoran Desert region include; agave, aloe and yucca. Arizona Barrel Cactus Ocotillo Ferocactus, meaning Ocotillo means “little torch” in Spanish. It is one of the “fierce or wild cactus,” are tallest cacti shrubs in the desert region. What looks always cylindrical or barrel like a bunch of sticks standing straight toward the sky shaped and are usually is actually a collection long spiny stems that leaf during among the largest cacti times of rain and flower spectacularly in the spring- of the North American time. Its branches can reach up to 60 feet tall and can deserts. Some growing up live up to 60 years or longer in the right conditions. A to 10 feet high, all have popular use of this plant is fencing. The ocotillo stems stout ribs, dense clusters are planted in rows, attached with fencing cables and of spines growing along the ribs and some species, will continue to grow and bloom, while keeping desert one or more central spines are curved like a fishhook, critters such as coyote or javelin out. The stems are accounting for the common name fishhook barrel cac- also often used as patio roofing to give a pergola a tus. Native Americans boiled young flowers in water to rustic look. eat like cabbage and mashed older boiled flowers for Bloom time: Ocotillos produce clusters of bright red a drink. They also used the cactus as a cooking pot by flowers at their stem tips, which explain the plant’s cutting off the top, scooping out the pulp and inserting name. Plants bloom once in the spring from March hot stones together with food. The spines were used through June. Because they are more drought-hearty as needles, as awls and in tattooing. compared to your average wildflower, ocotillos bloom Bloom time: Most barrel cactus have yellow-green consistently every year or red flowers growing in a crown near the top of the stem. Most species bloom April through June, depending on local con- ditions. Fruits become fleshy and often juicy when mature, but are not usually considered edible. Teddy Bear Cholla Teddy Bear Cholla (Cylin- dropuntia bigelovii) earned its common name due to its fuzzy appearance. Similar to other species of cholla cacti, Opuntia bigelovii wear an armor of slender, barbed spines. Their sharp covering is particularly dense, which has the effect of obscuring the stem and shielding it from exposure to intense sunlight. Unlike other cholla, however, the arms are eager to detach from the central stalk (jump- ing)—a brief encounter with the tiny barbs is enough to dislodge a fleshy segment. This fragment quickly embeds in any passerby; removal is painful and diffi- cult. Bloom time: From late April until June, it bears 4-inch- wide chartreuse flowers on the tips of its branch- es, which are attractive to nectar-feeding birds and insects.

SUCCULENTS OF THE DESERT (That are not Cacti) Aloe Agave When you think of Aloe, chances are the Agaves are among first thing that comes to mind is Aloe the most con- vera. However, there are over 600 spe- spicuous plants cies ranging in size from a few inches to in the arid North 20-foot aloe trees. These evergreen suc- America; their culents have fleshy leaves and are native bold forms attract to arid, semi-arid, and tropical regions.. any landscape Aloe plants multiple underground by dispersing suckers. New whether natural plants can be dug up and replanted in other areas from these or designed. All off-shoots (much like agave plants). are characterized by succulent or Bloom time: Most Aloe bloom mid-winter; some in summer semi-succulent leaves that form rosettes and late autumn. However, you can find species that bloom just from a few inches to sever feet across, but about any time of year. If year-round temperatures are mild there are many variations of this basic pat- enough, some may bloom periodically tern. Most agave multiple underground by throughout the year. Their bright, red, underground suckers and may develop into tubular flowers also attract humming- large colonies. birds when little else is available. Various agave species have also been and continue to be important sources of food, Yucca fences, rope, medicine and liquor. Many native American cultures still cultivate agave Sentinels of the southwestern deserts, as a major food crop. yuccas are extremely drought tolerant Bloom time: Agaves flower on tall, branched and store water in their trunks or bul- or unbranched stalks that grow from the bous bases. Their foliage grows in rosette center of the leaf rosette; some spike as tall form either at ground level or on stalks, as 15 to 20 feet. Many in the species only trunks or branches. Many have leaves bloom once (monocarpic) and the rosette that are razor sharp and spine tipped, earning them common dies after flowering and fruiting, having names of Spanish bayonet and Spanish dagger. spent all of its energy to produce a huge Bloom time: Varies by type; some will begin blooming in spring quantity of seeds. The plants literally flower and others mid-to-late summer. Most varieties will bloom themselves to death. annually throughout their life — these are called polycarpic perennials. There are also monocarpic varieties that flower only once then slowly decline and die, similar to many of their close relatives, Agave. Pr ick ly Pear Jelly Ingredients stantly. Add sugar and return to a boil, stirring constantly. Let cook, about 3 minutes. Remove from heat. * 27 prickly pears (cactus fruit) Step 5 Pour prickly pear mixture into hot jars, filling to * ¼ cup lemon juice within 1/4 inch of the top. Wipe the rims of the jars with * 1 (1.75 ounce) package fruit pectin (such as Sure-Jell®) a moist paper towel to remove any food residue. Top with * 4 ½ cups white sugar lids and screw on rings. Step 6 Place a rack in the bottom of a stockpot and fill Instructions halfway with water. Bring to a boil and lower jars 2 inches apart into the boiling water using a holder. Pour in more Step 1 Simmer 3 pint-size jars in a large pot of water until boiling water if necessary to bring the water level to at ready for use. Wash lids and rings in warm soapy water. least 1 inch above the tops of the jars. Bring the water Step 2 Slice ends off each prickly pear. Make 1 long ver- to a rolling boil, cover the stockpot, and process for 15 tical slit down each one. Use the slit to hold the skin and minutes. peel off. Discard peel. Step 7 Remove the jars from the pot and place onto a Step 3 Place peeled pears in a blender; puree in batches cloth-covered or wood surface, several inches apart, and until liquefied. Press puree through a fine-mesh sieve set let cool, at least 24 hours. over a bowl. Discard pulp and seeds. Step 4 Measure out 3 cups prickly pear juice, lemon juice, and pectin into a large pot. Bring to a boil, stirring con-

TREES OF THE DESERT The most common (and abundant) indigenous trees of the Sonoran Desert are Palo Verde, Mesquite, and Ironwood. Whether you find yourself hiking on local trails, golfing at a local course, driving south to see the Saguaro National Park in Tucson, or heading north to cooler climates, along the way you will pass these “trees of the desert” in their natural habitats. The Palo Verde pods that serve as a nutritious food source for wildlife and native cultures. Blue Palo Verde, Parkinso- Bloom time: Mesquites shed their leaves in the win- nia florida, was named the ter but will bloom from spring into summer, bearing state tree in 1954. Palo verde small frothy-looking clusters – called “catkins” – of tiny, means green stem or bark, five-petalled, pale green or yellowish flowers, which which is a tell-tale feature of lure numerous pollinating insects. this species. It is a fast growing tree, is leafless most the year, The Ironwood and is aided in photosynthesis The Ironwood tree only by the green bark. Blue Palo grows in the South- Verde also has smooth green west’s Sonoran desert. It branches. is one of the biggest Bloom Time: In the spring, Blue Palo Verde erupts with and oldest plants, small bright yellow flowers that seem to cover the entire growing to heights of crown. Palo Verde is one of the few tree species found 45 feet and persisting in the Sonoran Desert amidst the Giant Saguaro cactus in the desert heat for forest. It is capable of enduring temperatures over 100°F as long as 1,200 years. for long periods and minimal precipitation. Many species of So- noran wildlife depend The Mesquite on it for survival. The wood of the Ironwood is one of the hardest and heavi- There are three common spe- est woods in the world. It is remarkably resistant to cies of mesquite: honey mes- rotting, perhaps because its heartwood is rich in toxic quite (Prosopis glandulosa), chemicals that make it essentially non-biodegradable. screwbean mesquite (Proso- Ironwood may take the shape of either a multi-trunked pis pubescens ) and velvet shrub no more than two meters in height, or a cano- mesquite (Prosopis velutina). py-forming tree with one thick trunk achieving heights Mesquites, including the three up to 15 meters. species in our southwestern Bloom time: Ironwood leaves usually turn yellow and deserts, belong to the legume shed in April before the tree flowers (Depending on family, which ranks near the previous rain conditions, Ironwoods will blossom in top of plants especially adapt- March or April). The flowers are a purple color and ed to an arid environment. only last 10-18 days. Typically, the legumes, which have woody stems and branches, produce bipinnately Sources: Arizona-Sonoran Desert Museum (desertmu- compound leaves (leaves with two or more secondary,, veins, each with two rows of leaflets). They bear flowers that have five petals, then produce abundant large seed-

Bites & Sti ngs ARIZONA’S CREEPY, CRAWLY, & FLYING CREATURES TO BE WEARY OF! Arizona plays host to many creepy, crawly, and flying creatures including reptiles, insects and arachnids. Some are entirely harmless, but others are not. You may already know about Arizona’s spiders, scorpions and rat- tlesnakes--buy here is information on they sting or bite, symptoms and treatments, plus many others to watch out for while hiking, relaxing and moving around the house or yard. Rattlesnake Africanized Bees Rattlesnakes are definitely a common The highly aggressive Africanized bee pop- occurrence in the Arizona landscape. ulation has risen by at least 1,000 percent The hide under rocks, shrubs, flower in Arizona over the past few years. Known beds and the like to escape the heat religiously as the “killer” bee, this hybrid of the sun. While rarely fatal, rattle- species is known to defend its hive relent- snake bites are extremely painful and lessly when disturbed, viciously attacking destructive. anything — or anyone — in their path. What to Know You’re most likely to encounter Africanized • Thirteen species of rattlesnakes bees during the warmer months, generally have been identified in Arizona and extra caution should be taken when March through October. USDA Honey Bee Research inTucson offers these being outdoors when the daytime temperature stays above 82 degrees tips: Fahrenheit. • Run away quickly. Do not stop to help others with the exception of small • Rattlesnakes can be encountered at any time during the year but in children and the disabled who may need some assistance. March and April, rattlesnakes become more active and move to areas • As you are running, pull your shirt up over your head to protect your face, where they can soak up the sun. but make sure it does not slow your progress. This will help keep the bees • During hot summer months, they are more active at night. After the from targeting the sensitive areas around your head and eyes. start of the August monsoons, they become the most active of the year. • Do not stop running until you reach shelter, such as a vehicle or building. • The shaking of the rattle can serve as a warning but not always – rattle- A few bees may follow you indoors. If you can run to a well-lit area, the bees snakes can strike without warning or making a sound. may become confused and fly into windows. • They can strike 1/4 to 1/2 of their body length – rattlesnakes in Arizona • Do not jump into water. The bees will wait for you to come up for air. If you can be of different lengths. are trapped somewhere, cover up with blankets, sleeping bags, clothes or • Babies are typically born at the end of July and are capable of biting whatever is nearby. from birth. • Do not swat the bees or flail your arms. Bees are attracted to movement Bite Symptoms and crushed bees emit a smell that will attract more bees. • Immediate pain or burning at the site; fang marks usually visible • Once you have reached safety, remove the stingers. When a honey bees • A metallic or rubbery taste in your mouth stings, it leaves its stinger in the skin. This kills the bee but it allows venom to • Significant swelling with symptoms progressing to weakness, sweating, penetrate the wound for a short time. chills, nausea and vomiting • Do not pull stingers with tweezers or your fingers. This will squeeze more Treating a Bite venom into the wound. Instead, scrape the stinger out sideways using your • Seek emergency medical attention immediately and stay calm – you fingernail, the edge of a credit card, a dull knife blade or other straight-edged have time to reach medical care object. • Use your cell phone to call for help if you have service • If you see someone being attacked by bees, encourage them to run or seek • If bitten on the hand, remove all jewelry before swelling begins shelter. Do not attempt to rescue them yourself. Call 911. What Not to Do if Bit Treatment: Seek Medical Attention • Do not apply ice to the bite site or immerse the bite in ice • If you have been stung more than 15 times, are feeling ill or believe you • Do not restrict blood flow in any manner may be allergic to bee stings, seek medical attention immediately. The aver- • Do not cut the bite site or try to suck out the venom; leave the bite site age person can tolerate 10 stings per pound of body weight. This means an alone adult could withstand more than 1,100 stings, but 500 stings could kill a child. • Do not try to capture the snake to bring to the hospital, treatment is • Some people who have been stung numerous times may become more not snake specific sensitized to future stings and at risk of an allergic reaction. The first sting causes the body to produce antibodies to specific proteins in the venom. If the now hypersensitive person is stung again, their immune system will, in essence, overreact to those proteins. • The scary part is that the person will be unaware of having developed an allergy. • This reaction is different from venom immunotherapy, in which medical professionals inject people who know they are allergic with gradually increas- ing doses of venom (often over a period of years) to allow the body to build a tolerance to the amount of venom in a typical sting.

Black Widow: Arizona Bark Scorpion: Plenty of people fear spiders, for good reason. The black widow is the most Scorpions may be the first critter that comes to mind when one thinks of venomous spider in North America. The female black widow, marked by our desert home here in Arizona. The Arizona bark scorpion is the most the red shaped hourglass on its underside, are aggressive with a powerful venomous scorpion in North America. It is usually skinnier and smaller bite. Black widow venom is 15 times stronger than a rattlesnake’s. Despite compared to other less toxic scorpions. Unfortunately, it’s also the best its potency, most people bitten usually don’t suffer serious injuries, accord- climber. While fatalities are rare, a sting to a small child, senior citizen, ing to National Geographic. or a person with a compromised immune system can be fatal. There are Identification of Mature Female more than 30 species of scorpions that call Arizona home. • Large, black, shiny body Identification • Measures approximately 3/8-inch-long with 1-inch legs • The bark scorpion measures from one to 2.5 inches in length • An hour-glass shape of bright red or orange-red color can be found on • Color is not a good way to identify this scorpion; it can camouflage to her abdomen fit into the desert landscape of sand & dirt. • Webs are very irregular, white in color and strong; they can be found • This scorpion can climb anything but clean plastic and glass, and will be under outdoor furniture, barbecue grills, pool pumps, storage areas and found on ceilings, cement walls, shower curtains, in clothing closets and corners of porches and patios, and often where insects are readily available food storage areas Bite Symptoms • They are most active at night and like • The initial bite may feel like a pin prick, places that are dark and damp which may go unnoticed - you may expe- • Interestingly, the smaller the scorpion rience little or no visible signs of the bite (younger), the more toxic is their sting such as swelling • To find them in a house use a black • A red circular mark may appear about light after dark - under the black light six hours after the bite they glow the color of a green glow stick • Initial symptoms may be progressive Symptoms in Children aching sensations For children under 10, pain/numbness • There may be muscle pain at the bite and/or tingling can occur. Watch for site spreading to the abdomen, lower face/nose rubbing, indicating numbness back, thighs and limbs and tingling. Children are more likely to • Symptoms last as long as 36 hours and develop severe symptoms, including rapid, jittery eye movements and lingering effects may last for several weeks increased salivation. Treating a Bite Symptoms in Adults Call the poison center immediately at (800) 222-1222 to find out whether Symptoms usually appear within 2 to 3 hours following the sting: the bite victim can be cared for at home or will require treatment by a doc- • Local pain/burning sensation; no swelling or redness tor or hospitalization. Severe cases may require anti-venom treatment. • Numbness and tingling moving through the body Prevention • Visual disturbances and/or uncoordinated eye movements A black widow hides near its web by day, typically in a sheltered spot, and • Difficulty swallowing and swollen tongue sensation, excessive drooling is active at night waiting on its web for prey. She does not hunt for prey. • Slurred speech • Inspect your yard for the irregular white webs • Muscle twitching • To control the black widow population, find the webs at night using a • Restlessness and irritability flashlight and spray her directly with a strong insecticide and destroy all • Respiratory problems with possible respiratory arrest egg sacs; the egg sacs are small round white balls that contain hundreds of Treating a Sting baby spiders If you are stung by a scorpion, call the poison center at (800) 222-1222. • Wear gloves when handling firewood, lumber, and rocks - be sure to They’ll provide first aid suggestions and follow up to make sure you did inspect the gloves for spiders before putting them on not have a dangerous reaction. Prevention If you are visiting or live in a bark scorpion-prone area, you need to take special precautions: • A scorpion shield is a light weight rectangle of plastic or foam core board, cut to be bigger than the crib or bed and hung from the ceiling over the crib. A strip of sticky tape or glue board can be used around the edge to catch scorpions that fall from the ceiling • Roll back bed linens and check for scorpions before getting into bed • Shake or examine all clothing and shoes before putting them on • Move furniture and beds away from the walls • Wear shoes when outdoors, especially at night around swimming pools • Be especially careful of wet/damp towels in the bathroom and pool area

Arizona/Sonoran Coral Snake Coral snakes have a blunt black snout and bands of red, yellow (sometimes white) and black that completely encircle the body, and the yellow and red bands touch. A coral snake’s venom is two or three times more potent than that of most rattlesnakes, but their fangs are smaller, and they inject less venom. Coral Snake Facts: • The sole coral snake in our area, and the only member of the genus Micruroides, the Sonoran Coral snake (M. euryxan- thus), is unusually small 18-20” long) among the coral snakes, but exhibits the striking banding of most, with alternating black, white or yellow, and red bands that encircle the body. The white or yellow bands contact the red bands, and red bands are absent on the tail. The snout and most of the head is black, and the third band from the snout is red. It has smooth dorsal scales in 15 rows at mid-body and the anal plate and subcaudal scales are divided. The eye is small and the head is only slightly differentiated from the neck. A number of non-venomous snakes in our area resemble the Sonoran Coral snake, but in many, but not all of the look-alikes, the red bands do not contact the white or yellow bands (the shovel-nosed snakes (Chionactis) are the exception), and red bands are usually present on the tail. • This is a species primarily of bajadas and rocky canyons, and is rarely found in valley bottoms. It is active March to November, with most found during the summer monsoon season. The Sonoran Coral snake is primarily nocturnal or crepuscular, although it may be surface active on cool or overcast days, particularly in spring and fall. • The fangs are quite short (1.0 mm or less) and located in the front of the upper jaw. The venom is neurotoxic and potent; however, the small size of this snake and its short fangs make envenomation of a human difficult. Also, they are generally not prone to bite. Nonetheless, people are sometimes bitten, causing symptoms ranging from pain and numbness to nausea, weakness, drowsiness, and muscle problems. This species should not be handled casually. Sonoran Desert Toad The Gila Monster (AKA Colorado River Toad); The Gila monster prefers canyon bottoms, rocky areas and outlying Pet-Lovers Be Ware… desert residential areas. It spends less than 2 weeks per year above The largest native toad in the United States. What makes this amphibian dan- ground. From early March to mid-May, Gila monsters are active during gerous isn’t its bite, but the glands behind its eyes. Those glands secrete a white the day and change to nighttime activity beginning with the mon- poison that spreads in the mouth of would-be predators, including curious dogs. soons. The only good news is the toads are not a serious threat to humans. Adults Identification are unmistakably large and can reach over 19cm. (8 in.) in length, and weigh as • A large, heavy-bodied lizard - 1 of much as 900 grams. Dorsum is olive brown to dark green, and is covered with 2 poisonous lizards in the world - a soft, leathery skin. Usually has one large, white, or light colored wart behind and weighs up to 2 pounds each jaw hinge, directly below the large parotid gland. Hind legs are covered • Displays black markings on a back- with numerous large warts. This extremely large toad is far from harmless, ground that can be creamy, pink, however. In fact, it is killing more dogs & cats than rattlesnakes each year. Neu- yellow or orange rotoxins containing 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin seep from the toad’s pores and • Measures up to 24 inches in length head, causing dogs and cats to foam at the mouth after licking the frog, suffer • Always has a black area around the seizures, and experience high fever, dilated pupils, and a rapid heartbeat. It can mouth and eyes also lead to death if not treated immediately. • It will protect itself from the sun and heat by burrowing underneath pack rat nests Symptoms Bite Symptoms Symptoms usually appear within a few seconds of an encounter with the So- A bite produces intense pain within 30 seconds, followed by swelling, noran Desert toad, and may include the following: weakness, dizziness, nausea and chills. • Crying or other vocalization Treating a Bite • Pawing at the mouth and/or eyes Once a Gila monster bites, it does not lock on but generally will not let • Profuse drooling of saliva from the mouth go. If this happens, you may have to pull it off. The longer it remains • Change in the color of membranes of the on you, the more venomous the bite. Do not wait for symptoms to mouth – may be inflamed or pale occur. Call the poison center immediately (800) 222-1222 and go to • Difficulty in breathing the closest medical facility for medical treatment. • Unsteady movements • Seizures Tarantula • High temperature • Collapse According to the University of Arizona, these are the gentle giants of the spider world. But when adequately provoked, they will bite and Treatment a their impressive fangs can produce painful puncture wounds. Tarantu- A pet owner’s quick response is la bites are unlikely to cause serious health problems to people. dog’s best chance at survival. If you suspect your dog or cat has come in contact Symptoms with the Sonoran Desert toad and is suffering from toad toxicity, use a garden • If a tarantula bites you, you may have pain at the site of the bite house to flush your pet’s mouth – as long as your pet is conscious – and try to similar to a bee sting. get as much remnants of poison out as possible • The area of the bite may become warm and red. When one of these spiders is threatened, it rubs its hind legs across its own body surface Blister Beetle and flicks thousands of tiny hairs toward the threat. These hairs have This bugs possess a chemical defense called cantharidin, which is excreted from barbs that can pierce human skin. the joints, typically when the animal is restrained. This chemical is absorbed This causes causing swollen, itchy through the skin and causes blistering. Symptoms are very similar to poison ivy. bumps to form. Itching may last Interesting Facts: for weeks. • Blister Beetles are attracted to lights at night. Treatment • Blister Beetles are usually seen during the day on flowers. • Wash the area with soap and • Blister Beetles are attracted to alfalfa and weeds during bloom. water. • The adult Blister Beetles feed on plants, while the larvae are predators on the • Place ice (wrapped in a clean eggs of grasshoppers. cloth or other covering) on the • Blister Beetles are able to produce cantharidin, a toxin which can kill animals site of the sting for 10 minutes such as horses if they ingest hay that is infested with Blister Beetles. and then off for 10 minutes. Repeat this process. • Cantharidin, a poisonous chemical that causes blistering of the skin, is also • If the person has blood flow problems, reduce the time the ice is used medically to remove warts. used to prevent possible skin damage. • The female lays eggs in mid to late spring just beneath the soil surface. Only a • Seek medical help if symptoms persist, or if breathing is difficult, few of the young will survive. Eggs are laid by the female in protected areas, like blood pressure lowers, heart rate becomes rapid, swelling at the site under stones. of the bite or swelling of the lips and throat appears. • Beetle infestation often occur at the edges of gardens or in surrounding vegetation. Keep grass, weeds and other growth trimmed around the margins of your garden to remove the places where they might get started.

Arizona Brown Spider For any bite or sting that you are concerned about, do not hesitate Another spider to look out for is the Arizona brown spider. According to the Arizo- to contact Poison Control or 911 na-Sonora Desert Museum, the bite of this spider is very dangerous to humans and Emergency. can result in amputation or death. However, the most common reaction is a sore at Before Calling Emergency the site of the bite, which sometimes takes eight hours to develop. Have this information ready: Identification • Person’s age, weight, and condi- The Arizona Brown Spider is a small, inconspicuous brown spider, with slightly dark- tion er brown markings on the head region. These markings vaguely resemble the shape • What bit or stung the person of a violin, hence the common names “violin” or “fiddle” spider. The species native • Time of the bite or sting to Arizona is closely related to the infamous brown recluse of the Midwestern U.S., • Area of the body that was bitten but the markings are less obvious and symptoms are not as severe. or stung Bite Symptoms The bite of this spider is potentially dangerous to humans. The most common Poison Control reaction is a spreading sore at the site of the bite, which, if untreated, may result in Your local poison center permanent tissue damage or necrosis. can be reached directly Treatment by calling the national Wash area with soap and water. Call the poison center immediately at (800) 222-1222 to determine toll-free Poison Help whether the bite can be cared for at home or will re- hotline (1-800-222-1222) quire treatment by a physician and/or hospitalization. Prevention from anywhere in the Remove trash or debris (woodpiles, boxes, tires, etc.) United States. They will stored around the home. Seal openings in the home that could be entry points. Regular pest control ser- give you further vice plan is recommended. instructions. Centipede The name centipede literally means “100 legs,” but this pest can actually have anywhere from 15 to 177 pairs of legs. Their legs are long and slender, which helps them to move at a fast speed. The last pair of legs on a female centipede is more than twice as long as its body. House centipedes: You may be relieved to know that house centi- pedes are not harmful. They can help out around the house, as they like to eat spiders and insects. They’re not exactly easy on the eyes, though, and are most easily recognized by their long legs. Symptoms • Centipedes rarely bite humans, but when they do, it is usually because they feel threatened. • Most people will only experience short-term pain, skin inflammation, and redness following a centipede bite. However, some people may be allergic to the venom that the centipede injects into the skin. Treatment • Apply heat to the bite as quickly as possible. Immersing the wound in hot water or using hot compresses dilutes the venom. • Ice packs can be used to reduce swelling. • Use medication to reduce pain, allergic reactions and inflammation. Conenose Bug AKA The Kissing Bug This is one bug that deserves no love. The kissing bug got its name because it bites people around their lips while they sleep. Usually, people don’t wake up while the kissing bug feasts around their lips. While not venomous, the kissing bug defe- cates into the bite wounds. Their remains contain a parasite that causes Chagas disease. The bite usually causes swelling, but repeated exposure has been known to cause allergies that may require hospitalization. Treatment • Wash the bites with soap to lower the chance of infection. • Use calamine lotion or an anti-itch cream to stop the itching. • Use an ice pack to stop the swelling. • See your doctor if the you think the bite may be infected.

MUSEUMS Hall of Flame - Museum of AzTTuohrcoesi,ozAanorq)inzuoarfoTdaonyuref-iuacusmSw-nsemSoaoudroltn,snekneb,ldiaonouAonigrrmtnradaaipz,s1nDoacpD9ientacu5hasapeb2sel,esl.rgiti.ttseLrahaofMrrevedctaeurae,trMtsnusaee,inrdnuenudgmsjausat2tseuriw1sttruoawaagmlcame9hrls8leiietsl-sertaoyooscf-fre Firefighting (Phoenix) Arizona Science Center(Phoenix) The Hall of Flame Museum, located in Phoenix, Arizona, is home to the National Firefighting Hall of Heroes and has The Arizona Science Center is a science muse- almost an acre of fire history um located in Heritage and Science Park in the exhibits, over 100 fully re- heart of downtown Phoenix. Home to over 350 stored pieces of fire apparatus permanent hands-on exhibits, the Center pro- on display (dating from 1725 vides 400,000 annual visitors with interactive to 2004), a children’s area, experiences. and museum gift shop. While most of our collection focuses Arizona Capitol Museum (Phoenix) on the American firefighting experience, we also have fire The Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona, United apparatus and related arti- States, was the last home for Arizona’s Territorial govern- facts from England, France, ment, until Arizona became a state in 1912. Initially, all Austria, Germany, and Japan. three branches of the new state government occupied The Hall of Flame Museum the four floors of the statehouse. is sponsored by the National Historical Fire Foundation. Pima Air & Space Museum (Tucson) Phoenix Art Museum (Phoenix) The Pima Air & Space Museum, located in Tucson, Arizo- na, is one of the world’s largest non-government funded Expansive collection of acclaimed art spanning from the aerospace museums. The museum features a display of Renaissance to the present. nearly 300 aircraft spread out over 80 acres on a campus occupying 127 acres. It has also been the home to the Heard Museum (Phoenix) Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame since 1991 The Heard Museum is a private, not-for-profit museum Western Spirit: Scottsdale’s Museum located in Phoenix, Arizona, United States, dedicated to of the West (Scottsdale) the advancement of American Indian art. Western Spirit: Scottsdale’s Museum of the West is locat- Musical Instrument Museum (Phoenix) ed in Old Town Scottsdale, Arizona on the former site of the Loloma Transit Station, and opened in January 2015. The Musical Instrument Museum is located in Phoenix, The two-story, 43,000-square-foot museum features the Arizona. Opened in April 2010, it is the largest museum of art, culture and history of 19 states in the American West, its type in the world. The collection of over 15,000 musi- including Arizona. cal instruments and associated objects includes examples from nearly 200 countries and territories, representing Desert Caballeros Western Museum every inhabited continent (Wickenburg) Mesa Arizona Museum of Natural Museum housing displays & exhibits focused on the History (Mesa) Western heritage of the town of Wickenburg. The Arizona Museum of Natural History is the only natu- ral history museum in the greater Phoenix area and is lo- cated in Mesa, Arizona. It exhibits the natural and cultural history of the Southwestern United States Arizona State Museum (Tucson) The Arizona State Museum, founded in 1893, was orig- inally a repository for the collection and protection of archaeological resources. Today, however, ASM stores artifacts, exhibits them and provides education and research opportunities. It was formed by authority of the Arizona Territorial Legislature.

Museum of Northern Arizona (Flagstaff) Arizona Military Museum (Phoenix) The Museum of Northern Arizona is a museum in Flagstaff, The Arizona National Guard is the National Guard of Arizona, United States, that was established as a repository the American state of Arizona. It consists of the Arizo- for Indigenous material and natural history specimens from na Army National Guard and the Arizona Air National the Colorado Plateau. Guard. Both components are part of the Arizona Department of Emergency and Military Affairs. Amerind Museum (East of Tucson) tRaogsesoSnquHaoruese(PhMoeunsixe)um at Heri- The Amerind Foundation is a museum and research facility dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of Native The Rosson House serves as a historic house muse- American cultures and their histories. um located in Phoenix’s Heritage Its facilities are located near the village Square. It was built between 1894 of Dragoon in Cochise County, Arizona, and 1895 and still sits in its original about 65 miles east of Tucson in Texas foundation in downtown Phoenix Canyon. (TSiotuatnh oMf Tiuscssiolen)Museum Arizona Railway Museum The Titan Missile Museum, also (Chandler) known as Air Force Facility Missile The Arizona Railway Museum is a Site 8 or as Titan II ICBM Site 571- railroad museum located in Chandler, 7, is a former ICBM missile site Arizona. It was founded and incorporat- located at 1580 West Duval Mine ed as a non-profit organization in 1983. Road, Sahuarita, Arizona in the It is dedicated to the railroads of Arizo- United States. It is located about na and the Southwestern United States. 40 km south of Tucson on I-19. It has an extensive collection railroad rolling stock and artifacts. Bisbee Mining & Historical Museum S(Phreascroltot)t Hall Museum (Bisbee) Once known as “The The Sharlot Hall Museum is an open- Queen of the Copper Camps”, air museum and heritage site located Bisbee nestles among the Mule in Prescott, Arizona. Opened in 1928 Mountains of southeast Arizona, by Sharlot M. Hall as the Gubernatorial world renowned for its diverse minerals and wealth Mansion Museum, the museum that now bears her name of copper. Although its mines closed in the 1970s, the is dedicated to preserving the history and culture of the town’s legacy has been preserved not only in its archi- Central Highlands of Arizona. tectural and mining landscape, but in a museum that has welcomed, educated, and entertained hundreds Arizona Commemorative Air Force of thousands of visitors. Once the corporate head- Museum (Mesa) quarters of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company, the Museum is at the center of town and The Arizona Commemorative Air Force Museum, a.k.a. at the heart of its history. Airbase Arizona Aircraft Museum, was established in 1978, What’s more, the Museum is the first rural affiliate in Falcon Field in Mesa, Arizona. It is the 10th unit of the of the Smithsonian Institution nationwide, forming Commemorative Air Force and the home of one of the a partnership between the nation’s largest museum largest Commemorative Air Force units in the world. and one of its smallest.

Center for Creative Photography (Tucson) oThf eMMiniinaituTrimese (MTucascohn)ine Museum The Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizo- The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures’ na, is recognized as one of the world’s finest academic art collection of miniatures includes over 500 antique museums and study centers for the history of photography. and contemporary dollhouses and roomboxes, while The collection has grown to include 270 archival collections. special exhibitions highlight the breadth and diversity Among these are some of the most recognizable names of the art of miniatures. in 20th century North American photography. Altogether there are over eight million archival objects in the Center’s collection including negatives, work prints, contact sheets, albums, scrapbooks, correspondence, writings, audiovisual materials and memorabilia. In addition to whole archi- val collections the Center also actively acquires individual photographs by modern and contemporary photographers. There are currently more than 110,000 works by over 2,200 photographers. A library of books, journals, and exhibition and auction catalogs including many rare publications plus an extensive oral history collection complements the archi- val and fine print collections. The combined art, archival, and research collections at the Center provide an unparal- leled resource for research, exhibitions, loans, and traveling exhibitions. Pseiounmee(PrhoAenriixz)ona Living History Mu- The Pioneer Living History Museum is located at 3901 W. Pioneer Road in Phoenix, Arizona. The museum, also known as Pioneer Village, has 30 historic original and reconstructed buildings from the 1880s and early 1900s on its 90-acre property. Dwarf Car Museum (Maricopa) Ernie Adams, originator of the dwarf car, has made a name for himself building Dwarf Race Cars and scaled down replicas of classic cars called Dwarf Car Cruis- ers. These handmade works of art now have a home in Maricopa, Arizona. Superstition Mountain Museum G(Tuacdsosnd)en Pacific Toy Train Museum (Apache Junction ) Operating Museum is a volunteer-run museum with This collection of Wild West movie memorabilia also trains operating on various layouts. The layout range claims to hold some secrets of the Lost Dutchman’s mine. from tiny Z scale trains, to outdoor garden railroads. AT THE FOOT OF THE Superstition Mountains, the Super- The exhibits cover more than 6000 square feet of stition Mountain Museum is a tourist trap in the middle indoor space. They even have a small train that gives of the Arizona desert that remembers the filming of a rides during open houses. The museum has been number of Western films as well as exploring the legend around for nearly 20 years and is remembered from of the Lost Dutchman’s mine. Also, Elvis weddings. its days in the Foothills Mall. The museum’s gift shop Most of the old movie sets that once made up an exten- has souvenirs for visitors, as well as a large selection sive open-air museum known as “Apacheland” burned of model trains and hobby supplies up in a fire in 2004, however two of the original buildings This is a must-see when in Tucson. The museum also from the Apacheland attraction were moved to the Su- hosts several community events each year including a perstitions mountains site. Polar Express event, train shows, and birthday parties. You can even rent out the museum for weddings.

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