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2019 Year In Review Magazine

Published by jerniganc, 2020-01-28 11:56:11

Description: 2019 Year In Review Magazine


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2019Y E A R I N R E V I E W IMPACTING INDUSTRY Turbo & Pump Symposia draws nearly 5,000 unique attendees ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY: Researchers secure temporary patent for new invention GLOBAL INFLUENCE: Students, staff recognized for leadership and service

INSIDE: Also in this issue: 2 2019 Turbomachinery & 2019 Turbomachinery & Pump Symposia recap _____________________ 2 Pump Symposia recap Inaugural Women of TPS luncheon ____________________________ 4 Researchers develop new multiphase flow metering device _____________ 6 6 Researchers develop new Undergraduates get research experience with REU summer program ________ 7 multiphase flow metering device Show Report: Asia Turbomachinery & Pump Industry Summit _____________ 8 PETRONAS backs Turbo Lab’s Asia Turbomachinery & Pump Symposium_______10 Annual Turbomachinery Research Consortium recap __________________ 12 Faculty, staff, students share insights at ASME conference ______________ 14 Turbo Lab researchers receive ASME award for young participants __________ 15 Exhibitor services director takes home national saleswoman award _________ 16 Student researcher earns department-wide award ___________________ 17 Short course aids staff in solving on-the-job challenges ________________ 18 2020 Extended Short Courses _______________________________ 19 Faculty & staff _______________________________________ 20 General information ____________________________________ 23 2020 Continuing education calendar ___________________________24 8 Show Report: Asia Turbo THANK YOU FOR TURBOMACHINERY & Pump Industry Summit MAKING 2019 A LABORATORY WONDERFUL YEAR! TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYMPOSIUM OFFICE: Thank you for being such 979-845-7417 an important part of the RESEARCH LAB: Turbomachinery Laboratory. 979-845-6669 Your support through our [email protected] symposia, short courses, the TRC and other education and 10 PETRONAS backs Turbo Lab’s Asia research initiatives makes it Turbomachinery & Pump Symposium possible for us to carry out our mission of research, education and workforce development. Cheers to 2020!

OUR MISSION ABOUT US The Turbomachinery Laboratory, a 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 1 center of the Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station (TEES) and a member of The Texas A&M University System, makes a vital impact on turbomachinery and related industries through three pathways: RESEARCH A variety of fundamental and applied research is performed by Turbo Lab faculty, post docs, and students. This research is sponsored by a combination of government and industry sources through traditional grants and contracts and covers the entire range of specialties of the Turbo Lab research groups. These specialties include rotordynamics, turbine blade heat transfer, combustion, optical diagnostics, bearings, machine learning, uncertainty quantification, chemically reacting flows, computational fluid dynamics, and seals, among others. Unique test rigs and extreme environments are among the many reasons why the Turbo Lab continues to be a leader in turbomachinery-related research. Another way Turbo Lab faculty and students team up with industry partners is through the Turbomachinery Research Consortium. The TRC is a unique organization of major turbomachinery developers and users who have joined with the Turbo Lab to find answers to important questions through research. EDUCATION The Turbo Lab produces engineers ready to work by offering undergraduate and graduate engineering education primarily through Texas A&M’s J. Mike Walker ‘66 Department of Mechanical Engineering. The Turbomachinery Research Consortium blends the Turbo Lab’s impact areas of education and research by teaming graduate students with industry to find solutions to real-world problems. Turbo Lab students are highly sought after for industry positions upon graduation. WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT The Turbo Lab provides platforms for the continuous exchange of ideas among working professionals. These platforms include large industrial symposiums and various extended short courses held throughout the year.

FOR TBHYETIHNEDIUNSDTURSYT,RY 2019 TURBOMACHINERY & PUMP SYMPOSIA CONTINUES EDUCATING, CONNECTING INDUSTRY Symposia Tops Recent Attendance Records HOUSTON, Texas —The Cody Cox, director of business Turbomachinery Laboratory at Texas development for Houston-based Ram A&M University hosted another Alloys, said exhibiting at TPS became a Turbomachinery & Pump Symposia, a necessity when the company first joined vital conference designed for the industry, the symposium two years ago. by the industry. “This is the market,” Cox said. “The The 48th Turbomachinery and market is here, it’s not inside the walls 35th International Pump User’s Symposia of your office. You’ve got to network, (TPS 2019) attracted 56 new companies you’ve got to meet people. There’s not a to the George R. Brown Convention better opportunity for us, and it’s fun. Center, for a total of 355 exhibiting This is our passion, this is what we do. It’s companies. The exhibition featured full- about helping people through building size equipment and emerging technology relationships, and that’s what we get to do and industry trends from leading at TPS.” turbomachinery, pump and related organizations. At the close of TPS 2019, 80 The symposia attracted 4,875 unique percent of the exhibit floor for TPS 2020 delegates representing 51 countries to was reserved. the exhibition or technical sessions, an increase from the 2018 symposia. 2 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

Engineers and technicians, from Margaret Mesera, rotating novice to experienced, chose from equipment engineer with S&B a combination of short courses, Engineers and Constructors, Ltd., lectures, tutorials, discussion said one of the most memorable groups and case studies. The sessions she attended was a pump technical program is selected by discussion group on mechanical the turbomachinery and pump seals. advisory committees and led by engineers and technicians “They are a very complex with experience in particular thing,” she said. “It was great disciplines. Topics included to talk to operations staff, end- compressors, steam and gas users and OEMs about different turbines, expanders, pumps and questions that repeatedly come up drivers, and auxiliary equipment in the office. We’ll be able to take such as couplings, bearings, a lot of that information back and gearboxes, dry gas seals and implement it on future projects.” annular seals. Technical content from TPS First-time TPS delegate 2019 will be available to the public in March 2020. Proceedings from Y all previous symposia are free for perusal and download at TPS 2019 celebrated the 35th anniversary of the Pump Symposium, and hosted the inaugural Women of TPS Luncheon. Plans are underway for the second annual luncheon at TPS 2020. TPS 2020 is set for Sept. 15-17 in Houston. Short courses will be held in conjunction with the symposia on Sept.14. To learn more about TPS and see photos from this year’s event, visit To reserve exhibit space, email [email protected]. 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 3

Inaugural Women of TPS Luncheon Delegat enc aged to ch eng in male-dominated ind try More than 45 male and female portfolio management within field, you have to delegates to the 2019 Turbomachinery the technology and innovation learn something you & Pump Symposia (TPS) gathered on group at Siemens; and Meera don’t already know,’” Wednesday of the conference for the Day Towler, P.E., research Hodgson said. “So inaugural Women of TPS Luncheon to engineer in the Rotating that’s what I did. People network with colleagues and interact Machinery Dynamics Section had to start coming to me for with a panel of women who shared their at Southwest Research Institute. information, because I was experiences and challenges in a male- The panelists’ backgrounds represented the one who had it.” dominated industry. the wide breadth of attendance at Both men and women took note TPS, from heavy technical to non- during the engaging discussions and The Women of TPS luncheon—to technical careers. Panel discussions were invited to pose questions to the which men are also encouraged to ranged from retrospective advice to panel, all of which seemed to resonate attend—is a forum for women of TPS encouraging personal experiences.  with the audience. to share experiences and challenges Themes repeated among the panelists “The way the panelists interacted in the industry. It is also an avenue in included the importance of mentors and with one another and the attendees, and which those experiences and challenges the necessity of finding confidence in shared such meaningful ideas made this can be heard and understood by others, oneself. event an unforgettable experience,” said including upper management. Brooke West, communications director Hodgson said she was struggling to for the Turbo Lab and a coordinator of Panelists included Judith Hodgson, feel comfortable in her field early on in the event. “I left feeling encouraged at P.E., president of JE Hodgson Consulting her career. It was her mentor’s advice their advice and the buzz of important Enterprises; Charli K. Matthews, that eventually led her to start her own conversation between attendees. I founder and CEO of Empowering consulting company. am grateful to all the panelists and Brands and Empowering Pumps & Equipment; Jane Ploeger, head of “He told me, ‘To stand out in your 4 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

An Unf g table Exp ience 49th Turbomachinery & 36th Pump Symposia attendees, and look forward to making Equipment, and the TPS Advisory the luncheon a staple event for the men Committees. The event concluded with SAVE and women of TPS for years to come.” more networking, and fun poses and THE props in the selfie booth. DATE The luncheon opened with a game of “bag bingo” where participants To nominate a panelist for the [REGISTRATION could win one of three designer bags 2020 Women of TPS Luncheon, OPENS SUMMER ] purchased by bag sponsors Ariel contact Brooke West, Communications Corporation, Empowering Pumps & Director, [email protected]. ———— 14 Sept 2020 Short Courses ———— 15-17 Sept 2020 Symposia & Exhibition TPS.TAMU.EDU #TPS2020 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 5

RESEARCHERS DEVELOP NEW MULTIPHASE FLOW METERING DEVICE Simplicity in the design, yet COLLEGE STATION, Texas — engineering. That’s what I love.” equivalent accuracy makes Three Turbomachinery Lab researchers The proposed technology utilizes the this flow meter quite attractive. have developed a new way to measure We are in the process of multiphase flow that is less expensive than simple, yet robust design of a flow meter evaluating different options to and equally accurate to current multiphase to withstand multiphase flow conditions realize its full potential.” flow devices on the market. Inventors with sound algorithms to predict the Dr. Abhay Patil, Dr. Gerald Morrison, Gas Volume Fractions or liquid hold up. ~ Dr. Abhay Patil and Joshua Vandervort in the Turbo Lab, “Simplicity in the design, yet equivalent have received a temporary patent for the accuracy makes this flow meter quite 6 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review invention. attractive,” Patil said. “We are in the process of evaluating different options to realize its Lead inventor Dr. Abhay Patil credits full potential.” an oil and gas technical session on multiphase flow meters for the new flow Patil completed his Ph.D. in mechanical meter device inspiration. It was during this engineering at Texas A&M University session two years ago that he realized the in 2013 under the direction of Dr. existing gaps and necessity for economical Gerald Morrison, Professor Emeritus of multiphase flow meters. Mechanical Engineering who retired from the Turbo Lab in 2017. This is Patil’s second Co-inventor Joshua Vandervort, a patent in his time at the Turbo Lab. graduate student in the Turbo Lab, is no stranger to partnering with Patil. He Patil is working with The TEES worked three semesters as a mechanical Commercialization and Entrepreneurship engineering undergrad with Patil on flow Office, who has initiated the process to meter investigation before becoming his secure a temporary patent. The team is research assistant. “I love working in the lab developing a final prototype for complete and working with my hands,” Vandervort characterization to improve the confidence said. “I touch every part of mechanical in proposed multiphase flow metering technology.

REU Summer Program Culminates with Undergraduate Research Symposium COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Sixteen plan, abstract, technical paper, and Dr. Alan Palazzolo and Dr. Lesley Wright. students successfully completed a summer research poster. This year’s Undergraduate “This is a great opportunity for of research at Texas A&M University. Research Symposium poster session represented the culmination of engaging undergraduates to do high-quality Six faculty members in the science exploration. The students’ work research and to see what it’s like to go to Turbomachinery Laboratory and was a part of more than 100 poster grad school,” Petersen said. “The goal is eight others throughout the College of presentations from a variety of engineering to encourage participants to pursue an Engineering served as mentors to the disciplines. advanced degree in a STEM field.” students working closely on currently active research projects in energy and Seventy-five percent of participants Students conducted research with propulsion research. from the Energy and Propulsion REU site guidance from university professors end up going to grad school, Petersen said. and graduate students—an experience This is the third summer the Petersen finalizes the student participant they might not have otherwise gained at Turbo Lab has facilitated the Research list and assigns each student chosen for the their own university. Their research can Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program to their faculty mentor based on have a global impact, as they investigate site in Energy and Propulsion and overall research interests. This year the program issues that could ultimately affect global the eighth summer of the site under the accepted a total of 16 students, eight of warming, finite fossil fuel resources, direction of Dr. Eric Petersen, director of whom are sponsored by the Turbo Lab. pollution and providing energy to an the Turbo Lab, and Dr. James Thomas, a These eight students from the University increasing world population. In addition postdoctoral researcher at the Turbo Lab. of Massachusetts, Lowell; University of to their daily research activities, students Funded primarily by the National Science Texas, Permian Basin; Rutgers University; attended lunchtime seminars, participated Foundation (NSF) with contributions Le Tourneau University; Southern Illinois in REU functions, delivered two oral from the Turbo Lab, this REU site is a University, Edwardsville; Trinity College; presentations and presented a final poster. ten-week summer program that immerses University of Cyprus; and Texas A&M undergraduate students from across the University were mentored by Turbo Lab The program covers room and travel U.S. in graduate-level research. professors Petersen, Dr. Luis San Andres, expenses as well as a stipend of $5,000 Dr. Waruna Kulatilaka, Dr. Adolfo Delgado, for student participants. The 10-week site Selected participants work closely with began May 29 and ran until August 2, the faculty mentors and prepare a research 2019. 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 7

By Kalyan Kalyanaraman FUTURE TECHNOLOGY RESPHOORWT is article rst appeared in the September/ Junya Ujiie, Senior Vice President of Asia Pacific are accustomed to computers and prefer October 2019 edition of Turbomachinery at Mitsubishi Heavy simulations. The second reason: veteran International. Industries, said his turbomachinery experts who can predict company is focused on machinery condition are retiring. AI is KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — The technologies to sharply required to help replace their expertise. biennial Asia Turbomachinery & Pump lower carbon emissions. Jim Jacoby, VP of engineering at Tri-Sen, Symposium (ATPS) grew out of Texas A&M Products for the future explained the nuances of the digital twin. Turbomachinery Laboratories’ (TAMU) will be high-efficiency, A physics-based simulation of the machine annual Turbomachinery & Pump Symposia large-capacity gas generated by OEM-supplied parameters (TPS). This year’s Industry Summit was turbine (GT) combined is compared with the actual equipment. conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. cycles, GTs burning The digital twin allows the operator to The welcome address by Dennis Lawrence, hydrogen, integrated compare predicted results with real- Head of Wells at Petronas, touched upon gasification combined world performance to identify emerging the development of young engineers cycle, solid oxide fuel malfunctions or opportunities. Jacoby and machine learning applications for cells and machinery for explained that head, flow, speed, as well as asset management. Further speakers nuclear power. Its next gas molecular weight and conditions such emphasized trends, such as big data, generation combined as pressure and temperatures are required digitalization and the Industrial Internet cycle will have a inputs for the model. The digital twin of Things IIoT). Viewpoints ranged from projected efficiency of lecture prompted lively discussion. A key skepticism through grudging acceptance 65%. With integrated point emerged: compressor surge lines may to wholehearted endorsement of these SOFCs, this could have altered in the field because of changed mega trends. Eight case studies covered reach beyond 70%. In impedances due to piping. Brun explained a cross-section of rotating machinery post-combustion CO2 that so much effort goes into simulation problems. “More and more, the participants capture, Mitsubishi and modeling, yet instrument errors can want to return to their workplace and delivered the Petra introduce errors in predictions. Dr. Masdi apply what they learn,” said Eric Petersen, Nova plant in Texas bin Muhammad from UTP presented Director of Turbomachinery Laboratories. that started operations in 2016. Five a keynote on predictive analytics. We “That’s why content is weighted in favor of thousand tons of CO2 are captured every need to use maintenance and operational case studies.” Petersen sees supercritical day and used for enhanced oil recovery. The insights, he said, and ensure operational CO2, high pressures in compression, Mitsubishi equipment includes an eight- efficiency through alarms prioritization and advanced materials to handle corrosive stage integrally geared compressor and a recommendations. But challenges such as gas use, combustion at different operating CO2 inline compressor with a discharge unreliable data, selecting the right model, conditions, and bearings as the areas where pressure over 200 bars (2,900 psig). To and frequent changes in the field must be cutting-edge research and technology cater to remote, off-grid areas near coasts, overcome. development is happening. He raised Mitsubishi developed a floating LNG power concern about the knowledge gap created plant with an integrated supply chain. because of the retirement of a generation It leverages MHI’s capabilities in LNG of turbomachinery engineers. ATPS chair shipbuilding and power plants. The DNV- Dag Calafell said current buzzwords, approved solution is economical if fuel costs such as big data and predictive analytics do not exceed $10 Mbtu. Mitsubishi offers are often driven by this knowledge gap. several power ranges. For large outputs of “Asset management that improves safety 150 to 350 MW, the lead time is under three and operability while reducing cost is a years. The combined cycle plant onboard big trend,” he said. “Due to attrition in would have efficiencies in the range of expertise, assets are vulnerable to declining 50% to 56%. For up to 100 MW, the prime reliability, especially in offshore production.” mover can be either gas turbines or gas He called for greater collaboration to break engines, with delivery in one year. Efficiency down the barriers imposed by proprietary would range from 35% to 50%. The supply development. Otherwise machinery domain chain would include small LNG shuttles to knowledge may not be available to end transport fuel from bigger vessels. users. DIGITAL TWIN 8 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review A lecture by representatives of Tri-Sen and Elliott Group outlined the compressor digital twin. Klaus Brun, Elliott’s R&D director, said trends like Artificial Intelligence (AI), digital twin and IIoT have two drivers. One is a generational change among those working in the industry. They

SUMMITA S I A T U R B O M A C H I N E R Y & P U M P BIG DATA, DIGITALIZATION AND THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 This reduces the need for specification pumps, 50 compressors and 29 generators. On Day Two of the summit, Hj Khairol overlays, reduces costs and cuts delays, said Some decisions are referred to humans Anuar Shukri, Head of Group Technical Shukri. “Transparency and communication while others are made by computers. Arun Solutions, Project Delivery and Technology are the key to facilitate networking within Kumar, General Manager for Reliability and of Petronas, outlined the broad trend of organizations and without.” The last session Maintenance at HPC, Mittal Energy of India, what is known as the Industrial Revolution on IIoT was kicked off by Girish Kamal, gave a presentation about his company’s 4.0. The first industrial revolution involved Principal Rotating Engineer from Petronas digitalization plans and how AI had reduced steam power and mechanization. The second Upstream. He talked about the need to downtime. Polypropylene, for example, phase in the 1870s brought about mass become a datadriven organization and could sometimes solidify in the reactor production. The next revolution came about how the world’s top performing companies during process upsets and lead to weeks through computers and electronics starting harness data for insights to make smarter of shutdowns. AI prevents solidification in the late 60s. The features of the present and faster decisions and unlock new via a closed-loop feedback system. Sandip one, IR 4.0, are cyber physical systems, IIoT value. Dr. Ir. Harris A. Rahman Sabri, Jadhav, CEO of CCTech, a software solutions and networks, he said. The key enablers are Staff Rotating Engineer f rom Pet ronas firm based in Pune, India, used big data to AI, cloud, system integration, simulation, Upstream showcased his company’s journey design butterfly valves to maximize the flow robots, big data and digitalization. Market in developing Petronas Rotating Equipment coefficient and minimize the hydrodynamic disruptors are operating in tandem to IR Analytics (Protean), an inhouse predictive coefficient. A lively interaction followed 4.0 are U.S. shale production, technological maintenance solution that covers 79 GTs, 35 among the panelists. Rainer Kurz, Manager innovation, environment concerns and the of Systems Analysis at Solar Turbines, asked public’s perception of the industry. During how to choose between physics-based every industrial revolution to date, some models and big data. Jadhav responded that large companies disappear without trace. in the butterfly valve case, the traditional To stay relevant, it is necessary to adapt, approach would be to use CFD and attempt a digitalize and collaborate. This means solution to the Navier Stokes equation. This working together with governing bodies, would require a trade-off between speed standards organizations, higher learning and accuracy. “The effectiveness of machine institutions and engineering fraternities learning models depends on the data,” said where all participate, said Shukri. For Jadhav. “We used a combination of physics instance, even a few years ago, the big oil and machine learning to reduce cycle time. and gas companies had difficulty achieving Physics-based models are not adaptive.” A standardization of commonly used four-day ATPS Symposium and Exhibition is equipment. Today, the Christmas tree, switch scheduled for April 7–11, 2020 at the Kuala gear and other equipment are standardized. Lumpur Conference Center. SUM- 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 9 MIT

PETRONAS backs Turbo Lab’s ATPS KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — The research and workforce development. mission of educating working practitioners Turbomachinery Laboratory, a center of PETRONAS is joined by Mitsubishi in rotating equipment with up-to-date the Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Heavy Industries (Mitsubishi Compressor information, techniques, and trends in Station (TEES) has entered into a collab- Corporation and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power cutting-edge technology will be greatly oration with Petroliam Nasional Berhad Systems) as the ATPS 2020 Gold sponsor.  enhanced with this association.” (PETRONAS) to be the top sponsor of Both organizations bring additional pres- the upcoming Asia Turbomachinery and tige to a world-class symposium now mov- ATPS is organized by the Turbo Lab Pump Symposium (ATPS) scheduled for ing to Kuala Lumpur after two successful and developed by the industry through a 7-9 April 2020 at the Kuala Lumpur Con- events in Singapore in 2016 and 2018. peer-review process steered by advisers of vention Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. both Original Equipment Manufacturer Short courses will be held in conjunction Dr. Eric Petersen, director of the (OEM) and end-user companies. ATPS with the symposium on 6 April. Turbo Lab, said that without this sponsor follows the same structure as the annual support, the Lab would not be able to sus- Turbomachinery and Pump Symposia As the top-tier (Platinum) Spon- tain the vital ATPS program long-term. (TPS) in Houston, Texas. Now in its sor, PETRONAS has taken a lead role in 48th year, TPS has built a stellar reputa- assuring the success of ATPS through its “I am grateful for the leadership tion of impacting company bottom lines extensive outreach and partnerships in the position that both PETRONAS and MHI through sharing of best practices and top- region. are taking in support of training and of-the line equipment and services. education,” Petersen said. “We are heading Support from PETRONAS, fur- into the 2020 Symposium with a strong As a precursor to the April 2020 ATPS, thers the Turbo Lab’s global footprint in foundation that we feel will support a the Turbo Lab hosted a free, two-day turbomachinery and pump education, sustained presence in Southeast Asia.  Our Industry Summit, 10-11 July 2019 at the 10 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre.  The Asia Industry Summit is an information-shar- ing and networking event that introduced TURBOMACHINERY ATPS to a new contingent of engineers and & PUMP technicians. 2020SYMPOSIUM “The value of the ATPS program can- not be overestimated,” said Girish Kamal, Sa7v-e9tAhepDril ate ATPS adviser and principal rotating equip- 2020 ment engineer with PETRONAS. “ATPS ———— advisers work hundreds of hours soliciting Short Courses and reviewing papers for presentation 6 April 2020 and sharing ideas on improvements that ———— can be made in reliability, maintenance, Kuala Lumpur and performance of rotating equipment. Convention Aside from attending technical sessions Centre led by industry experts from around the ATPS.TAMU.EDU world, delegates are able to network and Connect with us share ideas among themselves, and this is on Social Media! a valuable, industry-focused platform that #ATPS2020 has no equal for our business. At the same time, the array of companies involved @Asia Turbomachinery & Pump Symposium in the exhibit floor also provide valuable knowledge sharing opportunities.” @ATPSymposium @ATPSymposium

Since 1981, the Tur- bomachinery Research Consortium at Texas A&M University has solved problems for major industry leaders Sthrough student-led research. The Turbomachin- ery Research Consor- tium is a group of 33 companies that con- tribute annual fees of $25,000 to fund projects that are investigated by 15 to 20 Texas A&M graduate students and faculty in the Turboma- chinery Laboratory. Each year, the Turbo Lab, a center of the Texas A&M Engineer- ing Experiment Station (TEES), hosts a meeting 39TH ANNUAL TURBOMACHINERY RESEARCH CONSORTIUM MEETING UNITES INDUSTRY & ACADEMIA TRC brings a lot of value to our company and it is great to have partnerships such as this one. Some of the research papers and proposals for new research we’ve seen this year are very practical for topics that we work on a daily basis. Jacek M. Jarosz, Global Rotating Equipment Leader, Flint Hills Resources Co. for the TRC representatives where faculty Jacek M. Jarosz, Global Rotating members and students present the results Equipment Leader at Flint Hills Re- of the past year’s projects in addition to sources Co., represented his company new or follow-on research proposals. during the meeting. Jarosz said TRC Thirty-two reports and proposals were gives him the opportunity to talk presented during the meeting held May to professors and graduate students 14-16 in College Station. The goal of the about real-time problem solving. research projects is to find answers to questions relating to performance and “TRC brings a lot of value to reliability of turbomachinery—rotating our company and it is great to have equipment that extracts or adds energy partnerships such as this one,” he to fluids. said. “Some of the research papers and proposals for new research we’ve TRC representatives provided seen this year are very practical for feedback on the projects to select which topics that we work on a daily basis.” proposals receive funding.  TRC member companies get access to all TRC research TRC representatives reviewed dating back to its foundation in 1981, a the proposal materials through suite of platinum software, and highly June, with awards for the next cycle qualified students for hire. announced in July. Work on selected projects began in September. 12 | 2018 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

TRC MEMBER COMPANIES 2019 2020 PROJECTS LIST Experimental Investigation of Morton Effect ME (Thermally Induced Rotor Instability) ________________________________(D_r_. P_a_la_zz_o_lo) A Computational Model for the Forced Performance Analysis of Self-Equalizing Tilting Pad Thrust Bearings _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) Solid Modeler Implemented Rotordynamics ________________________________(D_r_. P_a_la_zz_o_lo) A Flow Starvation Model For Radial and Thrust Bearings Towards Better Computational Analysis Tools _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) Morton Effect Prediction Software ________________________________(D_r_. P_a_la_zz_o_lo) Evaluation of Mechanical Seal Failures due to Lateral Vibrations _________________________________(D_r._D_el_ga_d_o) An Experimental and Computational Investigation of the Rotordynamic Coefficients of a Labyrinth Seal (Continuation) _________________________________(D_r._D_el_ga_d_o) An Improved Bulk Flow Model for Dry and Wet Gas Pocket Damper Seals _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) Making Better Swirl Brakes Using CFD Performance Assessment and Geometry Optimization _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) Torsional/Lateral Rotordynamics Software with Variable Frequency Drives and Motor Eccentric Force Prediction ________________________________(D_r_. P_a_la_zz_o_lo) Dynamic Characterization of 3D-Printed Damper Seals _________________________________(D_r._D_el_ga_d_o) Experimental Identification of Force Coefficients in an Integral Squeeze Film Damper _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) Rotordynamic Performance of a Turboexpander Supported on Gas-Lubricated Bearings _________________________________(D_r._D_el_ga_d_o) An Efficient CFD Model for Qualification of Heat Oil Carry-Over Coefficients in Grooves and Ready Integration into XLTRC^2 Predictive Tools _______________________________(D_r._S_an_A_n_d_re_s) 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 13

FACULTY, STAFF, STUDENTS SHARE INSIGHTS AT INTERNATIONAL ASME CONFERENCE PHOENIX, Arizona — The Turboma- “It’s a big honor to get accepted high-quality students and faculty behind the chinery Laboratory furthered its global to journal. This is common for the research.” impact during the Turbomachinery Technical Turbo Lab. It speaks to the high- Conference & Exposition (Turbo Expo) in quality research, and the high-quality Dr. Luis San Andrés, Mast-Childs Chair Phoenix, Arizona. students and faculty behind the professor, Mr. Bonjin Koo, and Dr. Sunghwa research.” Jeung, former students in the Turbo Lab, The conference, presented by the Ameri- received an ASME Best Paper Award from can Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Dr. Eric Petersen, the Structures and Dynamics Committee for International Gas Turbine Institute, took place Turbo Lab Director “Experimental Force Coefficients for Two June 17-21. Experts from around the world Power. Papers underwent a stringent review Sealed Ends Squeeze Film Dampers (Piston came together to share the latest academic process in order to be journal-ready. They had Rings and O-rings): An Assessment of Their findings in turbine technology, research, to be interesting, original, innovative and of Similarities and Differences.” development and application. significant relevance to the gas turbine indus- try, according to ASME evaluation guidelines. The Best Paper Award is given to papers Turbo Lab faculty and students present- “It’s a big honor to get accepted to that rank in the top one percent of all confer- ed or hosted more than 30 technical papers journal,” said Dr. Eric Petersen, Turbo Lab ence submissions. They are high-quality, orig- and sessions, and Turbo Lab staff represented director. “This is common for the Turbo Lab. inal and contribute uniquely to the science of the Lab in the expo, booth 323. It speaks to the high-quality research, and the engineering. Turbo Lab papers submitted to the con- Visit to view ference were also accepted to the ASME Jour- all student and faculty contributions at the nal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and 2019 ASME Turbo Expo. 14 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

Turbo Lab members receive Young Engineer Turbo Expo Participant Award COLLEGE STATION, TX — Three members in Dr. Luis San Andrés Tribology for the Structures and Flow Model Predictions;” group and one of Dr. Dara Child’s former Dynamics Committee, “Leakage and Cavity Pres- graduate students were honored with a chaired a session in the sures in an Interlocking prestigious award for up-and-coming Bearings & Seals Dy- Labyrinth Gas Seal: Mea- engineers. namics track, and pre- surements vs Predictions; sented a research paper and “Leakage and Force Dr. Jing Yang, assistant research titled “Leakage and Dy- Coefficients of a Grooved engineer in the Turbo Lab, and former stu- Nathan Balke namic Force Coefficients Dr. Tingcheng Wu Wet (Bubbly Liquid) Seal dents Dr. Bonjin Koo and Dr. Tingcheng Wu, and Nathan Balke, each received the of a Pocket Damper Seal for Multiphase Pumps 2019 Young Engineer Turbo Expo Partic- Operating Under a Wet and Comparisons with ipant Award from the American Society Gas Condition: Tests vs. Prior Test Results for a of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Interna- Predictions.” The project Three Wave Seal.” tional Gas Turbine Institute. was funded by the Tur- All six conference bomachinery Research papers from San Andrés The burgeoning engineers received Consortium (TRC), a group have been accepted the award at the 2019 Turbomachinery Dr. Bonjin Koo group of industrial firms Dr. Jing Yang for publication in the Technical Conference & Exposition (Turbo Expo) in Phoenix, Arizona, June 17-22, whose annual mem- Journal of Engineering for where they each presented papers. The bership fees support a Gas Turbines and Power. award included funding for travel expens- broad range of member-selected research Mr. Balke, mechanical engineer es and registration to attend the confer- projects. with Kuraray America, Inc. co-authored ence. “I feel honored to have been selected “Comparisons of a Liquid Annular Seal and to work at a top-ranked turbomachin- for Pump Applications with and without a The Young Engineer Turbo Expo ery laboratory,” Yang said. Swirl Brake.” Participation Award was implemented to Koo, product engineer for Daikin “I am incredibly proud of each of these encourage more early-career engineers to Applied, presented “A Model and Ex- engineers,” said Dr. San Andrés, Mast- participate in the annual Turbo Expo. It is perimental Verification of the Dynamic Childs Chair professor. “While at the Turbo intended for young engineers working in Forced Performance of a Tightly Sealed Lab I enjoyed seeing their technical growth industry, in government or in academia, Squeeze Film Damper Supplied with a and desire to serve the professional society, and engineering graduate students in the Bubbly Mixture.” Koo, former student Dr. so it’s not a surprise that they continue gas turbine or related fields. Nominees Sunghwa Jeung, and Prof. San Andrés also to do well and are still producing quality must have obtained an academic degree received a best paper award. research.” in an engineering discipline related to Dr. Wu, presently employed with Sie- Nominations for the 2020 Turbo Expo turbomachinery, and present a paper or mens as a senior rotordynamics engineer, young engineer award will close February poster at the conference. presented three papers: “Pump Grooved 1. The 2020 Turbo Expo will be held in Seals: A CFD Approach to Improve Bulk- London, England June 23-25. Yang served as a session organizer 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 15

Turbo Lab’s exhibitor services director takes home national saleswoman award THE EMPOWERING WOMEN IN CHICAGO, Illinois — The Turboma- Barton has served as exhibitor NEXT chinery Laboratory’s most veteran staff services director for 16 years. In this person was recognized with an award for role, she oversees all aspects of exhibitor INDUSTRY CONFERENCE & GALA her expertise and service in sales. services for the Lab’s continuing educa- New Orleans | October 8, 2020 tion events, which include the Turboma- Martha Barton, CEM, director of chinery & Pump Symposia and the Asia exhibitor services in the Lab’s Symposium Turbomachinery & Pump Symposium. Office took home the “Saleswoman of the Year” award at the inaugural Empowering “I am both blessed and humbled at Women in Industry one-day conference being nominated and then to receive the and gala in Chicago in September. Barton Saleswoman of the Year award for 2019,” was among eleven other women who Barton said. “I have always felt relation- were celebrated with awards in categories ship building was a strong gift of mine From nomination letter: I’ve watched Martha dramatically redefine how an industry interacts with rotating equipment and engineering teams. — Andy Martin, Director of Marketing and Social Media, PumpWorks including leadership, manufacturing, and made it the basis for both my person- marketing, engineering, advocacy and al and professional life.  I firmly believe innovation. genuine relationships are the catalyst for success in every walk of my life.” More than 60 nominations were collected by the Empowering Brands Organizations from across the in- team, host of the conference and gala, dustry were invited to sponsor an award and reviewed by a steering committee of and send a representative to the gala to 20 women who work in male-dominated announce the recipient. The Turboma- industries. chinery Laboratory sponsored the “Lead- ership in Reliability and Operations” “I’ve watched Martha dramatically honor, earned by Heather Hey, director redefine how an industry interacts with of operations for FS-Curtis in St. Louis, rotating equipment and engineering Missouri. Brooke West, communications teams,” read the nomination letter from director for the Turbo Lab, presented the Andy Martin, director of marketing award. and social media at PumpWorks. “I’ve watched Martha drive attendance targets The next Empowering Women in with meaningful deliverables, actively Industry conference and gala will be held engaged on many levels.” in New Orleans, October 8, 2020. 16 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

It’s A Turbo Lab student researcher earns J. Mike Walker ’66 Impact Award COLLEGE STATION, TX — Any mention of shampoo and novel additives and tailors formulations to meet certain criteria, such conditioner generally conjures up images of hair washing for most as burning rates or burning pro les. She looks at what is causing the people. But for a young Catherine Dillier, it meant chemical reactions burning rates and how the additives are reacting in the propellants. and science experiments. Currently, she is researching high pressure e ects. Dillier recalls her rst tour of the Turbomachinery Laboratory’s “No one has done this kind of research since the 60s and 70s,” Energetics Lab a ectionately known as the “Rocket Lab.” Dillier said. “I could go on and on about that, because they are so cool.” Sensitive research projects limit how much she can elaborate for “‘You’re going to let me do this—let me mix and test rocket the general public, though. propellants?’” Dillier, then an undergraduate, remembers asking rhetorically. “It was my childhood fantasy come to life.” Dillier points to new technology as key for improvements in motor performance through increased rocket motor pressures. ink Dillier is a mechanical engineering doctoral student and a space shuttle rocket boosters, which are actually solid rocket motors. member of the Petersen Research Group, where Dr. Eric Petersen, Propellants are also found in airbags. Turbomachinery Laboratory Director, Professor and holder of the Nelson-Jackson Chair, is her primary adviser. She was nominated Outside of the Turbo Lab, Dillier organizes a graduate student by the Graduate O ce of Mechanical Engineering and selected group at St. Mary’s Catholic Church. Each week she leads a small to receive the J. Mike Walker ’66 Impact Award for her academic home group for graduate student women. and innovative excellence and the impact her work has had on the department and eld of study. Dillier received a $5,000 nancial Dillier has her sights set on graduating in December 2020. She stipend and plaque during the fall Scholarship/Fellowship banquet in is interested in working for a Department of Defense laboratory and early November. continuing her research in combustion. Dillier’s research focuses on solid composite propellant. She takes “I love what I do,” she said. “Why would I not just continue to do what I love?” 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 17

RMOATCOHRINDEYRNYAMVIIBCRSATION & Short Course Aids Staff In Solving On-The-Job Challenges COMPANIES SEARCHING FOR A WAY TO ENHANCE EMPLOYEE KNOWLEDGEBASE HOUSTON, TX — Thanks to a by former Turbo Lab director Dara W. Machinery Vibration & Rotordynamics Childs and Turbo Lab professors Adolfo (MVRD) short course, Jason Cook was Delgado and Luis San Andres as well as able to bridge a skills and education gap Fouad Zeidan, independent consultant for his company. and former president/owner of KMC Bearings, Plus, Inc. Cook, researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, Cook wasn’t the only short course knew his supervisor was searching for a attendee who found valuable skills way to enhance the staff ’s knowledge on through the MVRD course. rotordynamics. A quick internet search led him to the MVRD short course, and Rob Pascarella, turbine generator Cook knew it was just what he and his subject matter expert at Entergy, was supervisor had been looking for. New to looking for a way to bridge the genera- rotordynamics altogether, Cook said the tion gap that he says is becoming more course resulted in new ideas he could prevalent in companies today. take back to the lab. He sought out the course to “I wanted a course that was strengthen his knowledge and share academic, in that it was a classroom set- with others ting, but I also wanted something with practical application, Cook said. “This “I’ve attended the Turbomachinery course has given me both.” & Pump Symposia and took a course there that I enjoyed. I knew after at- The course, which took place in tending that course that this course will Houston in early January, was taught be a helpful resource for my company moving forward,” Pascarella said. 18 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

2020 SHORT COURSES JANUARY | HOUSTON, TX MACHINERY VIBRATION AND ROTORDYNAMICS The course is designed to benefit both young engineers and veterans who want to freshen their skills and learn about what practices are helping others achieve success. During the four days, the course will cover basic vibration theory and how to use it to solve mechanical vibration problems experienced in the field. Rotordynamics terminology in common use will be defined and explained, including critical speeds, critical speed inversion, unbalance response and rotordynamic instability. Date: January 6-10, 2020 | Location: DoubleTree, 15747 JFK Boulevard, Houston, TX 77032 | CEU Credits: 3.0 Cost: $2,700 (Early Registration thru December 27, 2019); $3,000 regular cost Who should attend? The course offers concepts and techniques to engineers involved in design, operation, and maintenance of rotating equipment. Participants should have some experience with rotating machinery. For sessions of vibrations analysis and computer simulation, a Bachelor’s degree or equivalent knowledge of basic college-level mathematics is assumed. Instructors: Fouad Zeidan, Luis San Andres, Dara Childs, and Adolfo Delgado MARCH | SAN ANTONIO, TX *NEW* RECIPROCATING MACHINERY DYNAMICS This new course will help you understand the fundamentals of machinery and piping vibration and assist you in determining their safety and reliability. You will gain insight into methods for analyzing systems in the design stage to eliminate/prevent problems. Date: March 23-26, 2020 | Location: Embassy Suites by Hilton, San Antonio Airport, 10110 US Highway 281, Northern Blvd., San Antonio, TX 78216 | CEU Credits: 2.6 Cost: $1,800 (Early Registration thru March 11, 2020); $2,000 regular cost Who should attend? The course is intended for engineers/analysts who work with plant machinery and piping and must make decisions about the reliability and safety of systems experiencing high vibration. Instructors: Ken Atkins, Charles Hill, Troy Feese, and Stephen Price CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR OPERATIONS FOR 21ST CENTURY USERS (CCOPS) Centrifugal Compressor Operations for 21st Century Users (CCOPS) is intended for beginning-and intermediate-level professionals to accelerate their understanding of centrifugal compressors and how they are used in oil & gas applications. The course covers design aspects, aerodynamics, rotordynamics, the practical applications of installation, testing, commissioning and procurement. Date: March 23-26, 2020| Location: Embassy Suites by Hilton, San Antonio Airport, 10110 US Highway 281, Northern Blvd., San Antonio, TX 78216 | CEU Credits: 2.6 Cost: $2,040 (Early Registration thru March 11, 2020); $2,400 regular cost Who should attend? This course is for beginning- and intermediate-level professionals interested in Centrifugal Compressor Operations. Instructors: Jim Sorokes, Mark Sandberg, Jeff Moore, and Jigger Jumonville ROTORDYNAMICS The Turbo Lab’s Rotordynamics course, offered each spring, is for beginning- and intermediate-level engineers in the petroleum, chemical, power and gas industries. It provides a basis for understanding the rotordynamics—the behavior and diagnosis— of turbines, compressors, expanders, motors, pumps and generators and their subcomponents to help select, analyze, troubleshoot and repair them for maximum reliability. The course is packed with case studies and workshops for hands-on evaluation of actual machines. Malcolm Leader, owner of Applied Machinery Dynamics in Durango, Colo. has instructed the course for ten years. He is involved in the design, testing, modification, and installation of rotating equipment, and has written several papers on experimental rotordynamics, bearing design, design audits for rotating equipment and practical implementation of rotordynamic programs. Date: March 23-26, 2020 | Location: Embassy Suites by Hilton, San Antonio Airport, 10110 US Highway 281, Northern Blvd., San Antonio, TX 78216 | CEU Credits: 2.6 Cost: $2,040 (Early Registration thru March 11, 2020); $2,400 regular cost Who should attend? The course is intended for beginning and intermediate engineers in the petroleum, chemical, power and gas industries, as well as individuals interested in the dynamics of rotating machinery. Instructors: Malcolm Leader To learn more and register, visit 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 19

FACULTY & STAFF DR. ERIC PETERSEN DR. PAUL CIZMAS TURBOMACHINERY LABORATORY DIRECTOR PROFESSOR • Gas turbine combustion • Computational Fluid Mechanics’ • Gas dynamics and propulsion • Internal flows of turbomachines • Chemical kinetics • Reacting flows • Rocket propellants • Optical diagnostics and spectroscopy DR. ADOLFO DELGADO DR. DOUGLAS ALLAIRE ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR ASSISTANT PROFESSOR • Rotordynamics and seals • Bearings • Machine learning • Mechanical seals, ESPs • Artificial Intelligence • Optimization • Uncertainty quantification DR. DARA CHILDS EMERITUS PROFESSOR, RETIRED • Rotordynamics • Reliability DR. JE-CHIN HAN DR. WARUNA KULATILAKA DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR • Heat transfer • Laser diagnostics and spectroscopy • Turbine blade cooling • Optical techniques for reacting flows • Experimental heat transfer • Gas turbine combustion 20 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

DR. OLIVIER MATHIEU DR. ALAN PALAZZOLO ASSOCIATE RESEARCH PROFESSOR PROFESSOR • Chemical kinetics • Rotordynamics and fluid film bearings • Experiments for reacting flows • Magnetic bearings for turbomachinery • Flywheel energy storage DR. LUIS SAN ANDRÉS DR. LESLEY WRIGHT MAST-CHILDS CHAIR PROFESSOR ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR • Rotordynamics and bearings • Fluid film bearings • Heat transfer • Oil-free turbomachinery • Turbine blade cooling • Optical diagnostics for fluid flows ASHTON GREG MARTHA DEBBIE JEANNIE DROLLINGER GAMMON BARTON MAGGS GALINDO Director of Director of Global Exhibitor Services Program Specialist Business Operations and Corporate Director Administrator, Partnerships Registrar STEPHANIE TIM BROOKE CARL HIDALGO MEEKMA WEST JOHNSON Exhibitor Services Business Communications Laboratory Assistant Coordinator Director Facilities Manager 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 21

BY THE INDUSTRY FREE TECHNICAL CONTENT FOR THE INDUSTRY, TOPICS: EMERGING DESIGNS AND TECHNOLOGY MAINTENANCE RELIABILITY First Annual Symposium TROUBLESHOOTING Oct. 1972 BEST PRACTICES Access program content from Turbo Lab-organized conferences dating back to 1972. The professional continuing education programs The Founding Members of the at the Turbomachinery & Pump Symposia and Asia Turbomachinery Advisory Committee (TAC) Turbomachinery & Pump Symposia are relied upon by rotating equipment and pump engineers and technicians worldwide. The programs are hand-picked by advisory committees of recognized leaders in the turbomachinery and pump communities, and led by highly-respected practitioners and pioneers in their fields. The Proceedings from each Symposia become available to the public at no cost six months after the event. The Turbomachinery Laboratory at Texas A&M is proud to host a platform for the exchange of ideas that impact turbomachinery, pump and related industries. 22 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

SYMPOSIUM OFFICE ADDRESS NOTE: Symposium staff is expected to move to the Research Lab in December 2020. Turbomachinery Laboratory Texas A&M University 202 Spence Street College Station, Texas 77843-3254 RESEARCH LAB ADDRESS POSTAL (MAILING) ADDRESS Turbomachinery Laboratory NOTE: Symposium staff is expected to move to the Research Lab in December 2020. 1485 George Bush Drive W Turbomachinery Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 77843 3254 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-3254 P: (979)-845-7417 F: (979)-845-1835 [email protected] SOCIALLY SPEAKING... Turbomachinery Laboratory Turbomachinery & Asia Turbomachinery & at Texas A&M Pump Symposia Pump Symposium @TurboLabTEES @TPSymposia @ATPSymposium @TAMUTurboLab @TPSymposia @ATPSymposium @TPSymposia 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 23

JAN 2020 2020 CONTINUING 2J0A2N0 EXTENDED SHORT COURSE January 6-10, 2020 Machinery Vibration & Rotordynamics Houston, TX EXTENDED SHORT COURSES March 23-26, 2020 M20A2R0 (Courses run concurrently) A20P2R0 San Antonio, TX • Reciprocating Machinery Dynamics NEW • Centrifugal Compressor Operations for 21st Century Users (CCOps) • Rotordynamics Asia Turbomachinery & Pump Symposium April 7-9, 2020 (Short Courses: April 6) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ATPS offers a world-class educational forum in combination with an international exhibition for working engineers and technicians in both the turbomachinery and pump industries. 24 | 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review

EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES Turbomachinery Research O20C2T0 Call for Papers for TPS 2021 Consortium (TRC) Annual Meeting OCTOBER 2020 May 12-14, 2020 Abstracts Due Bryan-College Station, TX Be a part of the TPS 2021 technical program by submitting an abstract for a case study, M20A2Y0 TRC member company lecture, tutorial or short course. Note that representatives TPS 2021 will be held Dec. 14-16, 2021, with review current project short courses on Dec. 13. results; review new and continuing project proposals; tour the Turbo Lab facility; and network with students, faculty and colleagues. Turbomachinery & OCT 2020 Pump Symposia 2020 Learn more about each of these opportunities at SEP 2020 September 15-17, 2020 (Short Courses: Sept. 14) Houston, TX TPS is a vital industry event, offering a forum for the exchange of ideas between rotating equipment engineers and technicians worldwide through its technical program and exhibition. 2019 TAMU Turbo Lab Year in Review | 25

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