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Essay

Published by Ezra Casas, 2021-04-27 07:38:21

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 Narrative  Expository  Persuasive  Descriptive

one might think of it as telling a story. These essays are often anecdotal, experiential, and personal—allowing students to express themselves in a creative and, quite often, moving ways.

 The purpose is to inform or to tell a story  Writer is a storyteller  Describes a person, scene, or event in detail (emphasis on showing rather than telling)  Information is presented in a chronological order

 Written in 1st person voice (using “I”), somewhat informal  Can include dialogue  Sample focus of the paper: ◦ one’s high school years ◦ a favorite family member

requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc.

 The purpose is to inform, describe, or explain  Describes important facts  Writer is a teacher  Presents exhaustive information on a topic

 Written in 3rd person (using “it”, “he”, “she”, “they”), uses formal language to discuss someone or something  Sample focus of the paper: ◦ a medical or biological condition ◦ a social or technological process ◦ life or character of a famous person

A persuasive essay, also known as an argumentative essay, is a piece of academic writing where you use logic and reason to show that your point of view is more legitimate than any other. You must expose clear arguments and support them by convincing facts and logical reasons.

 The purpose is to persuade readers to accept a certain view or to undertake a certain action  Hypothesis may be based on a value or a policy ◦ Approval/disapproval of certain value or standards (ex: Conducting stem cell research is unethical.) ◦ A call for adoption or change in a policy (ex: The US immigration policy must be changed in order to improve the economy.)

 Writer debates an issue  Information is arranged by defining the issue, showing both sides of the argument, and taking a clear stand on the issue  Written in 3rd person (using “it”, “he”, “she”, “they”), uses formal language to discuss someone or something

 Sample focus of the paper: ◦ Discuss the value of being a vegetarian ◦ Argue for or against the legalization of abortion

genre of essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. This genre encourages the student’s ability to create a written account of a particular experience. What is more, this genre allows for a great deal of artistic freedom (the goal of which is to paint an image that is vivid and moving in the mind of the reader).

 Portrays people, places, or things with vivid details to help the reader create a mental picture of what is being described  Involves the reader so that he or she can visualize what or who is being described

 Creates or conveys a dominant impression of what is being described through sensory details  Can be objective or subjective

Before we write, we need to think about the steps involved in writing. 1. Prewrite 2. Draft 3. Edit/Revise 4. Proofread 5. Publish

This is the planning phase of the writing process, when students brainstorm, research, gather and outline ideas, often using diagrams for mapping out their thoughts. Audience and purpose should be considered at this point, and for the older students, a working thesis statement needs to be started.

Students create their initial composition by writing down all their ideas in an organized way to convey a particular idea or present an argument. Audience and purpose need to be finalized.

Students review, modify, and reorganize their work by rearranging, adding, or deleting content, and by making the tone, style, and content appropriate for the intended audience. The goal of this phase of the writing process is to improve the draft.

At this point in the writing process, writers proofread and correct errors in grammar and mechanics, and edit to improve style and clarity. Having another writer’s feedback in this stage is helpful.

In this last step of the writing process, the final writing is shared with the group. Sharing can be accomplished in a variety of ways, and with the help of computers, it can even be printed or published online.

 https://www.time4writing.com/writing-resources/writing-process/  https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/essay_writing/narrative_essays.html  https://www.nova.edu/tutoring-testing/study-resources/forms/planning-narrative-essay.pdf  https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/essay_writing/expository_essays.html  https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/essay_writing/descriptive_essays.html  https://www.bestessaytips.com/persuasive_essay.php  https://www.education.ne.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Characteristics_Descriptive_Essay.pdf


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