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Home Explore Learn Hot English I239 2022

Learn Hot English I239 2022

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The number-one magazine for learning and teaching English! @LEARNHOTENGLISH No.239 BRITISH ACCENTS: IN EFL, VIP, HOLLYWOOD UN, ID, IT… LEARN 24 REALLY USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! BRITISH CULTURE: GARDENS!   CAT IDIOMS! ID FBI PLUS…I S S N 1 5 7 7 7 8 9 8 00239 phrasal verbs, grammar, idioms, vocabulary, 9 771577 789001 useful expressions… and much, much more.

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EDITOR’S INTRO Magazine Index How you learn English with Hot English magazine Pre-Intermediate (CEF level: A2) Why are you learning English? To get a better job, to pass an official English exam, 3 Editorial to travel, or just to communicate in English? Hot English magazine helps with all this. 4 Fingers UK / US Words 6 Fingers’ Pronunciation - Intonation 1 Increase your vocabulary. In every issue of Hot English 5 Travel English. Want to travel to English-speaking 8 Vocabulary: The Weather you’ll learn over 350 English words and expressions! Plus countries? With Hot English you’ll learn the words and 10 Story Time you’ll learn lots of idioms, phrasal verbs, grammar and more. expressions you need for international travel! Intermediate (CEF level: B1) 2 Improve your listening. Every magazine has 60 6 Social English. How do native English minutes of spoken English audio. You’ll learn to understand speakers really talk? Learn with our natural English 12 Classic Songs English, plus you can hear lots of different accents! conversations. Also, learn English slang. Plus, in Hot 13 Hot Song English you’ll read about current events (news, culture, 14 Crank Calls 3 Exam English. Hot English helps prepare you for music, films) so you can make conversation with native 16 Fingers’ Grammar Clinic official English exams (First Certificate, IELTS, TOEFL, English speakers. 18 EFL, VIP, UN, ID, IT… learn 24 really etc.). How? Exams test your ability to speak and your range of vocabulary. Hot English improves your communication 7 Want to learn even more? Get an English useful acronyms in English! skills and your knowledge of words and expressions. Unlocked book. You’ll learn extra vocabulary, grammar, 20 4 really useful acronyms in English! social English and business English. The English 4 Business English. Practical English for the office, for Unlocked books are linked to the topics in Hot English Exercises meetings, for talking to clients – it’s all in Hot English. magazine. Visit our website for more details. Plus, read business tips from entrepreneurs. Upper Intermediate (CEF level: B2) Hi, and welcome to 18 21 Crossword another issue of Learn 26 22 Interview Horror Stories Hot English – the fun 24 Animal Matching magazine for learning 25 Animal Triva English. In this month’s 26 Idioms – Cat issue, we’re looking at 28 In The News 24 really useful acronyms – you know, words such as EFL, VIP, UN, ID, IT… We use acronyms a lot in writing and speaking. So, it’s important that you understand the most important ones. And that’s where we can help! Of course, that’s not all and we’re also looking the gardens (a very important part of British culture!), animal trivia, phrasal verbs, idioms, slang, vocabulary, UK-US word differences, a business topic, and lots, lots more. Well, we hope you enjoy reading and listening to this issue of Learn Hot English. Have fun, learn lots of English and see you all next month! 30 Vocabulary - Gardens PS Remember to sign up for our newsletter 36 32 Typical Dialogues - The Garden so you can receive lots of FREE language 34 British Gardens lessons, and find out what we’re doing. Just 36 Gardens 37 Wordsearch & Matching visit our website ( and 38 English Accents in Hollywood 40 English Baddies in Hollywood enter your name and e-mail address in the box Advanced (CEF level: C1) on the right-hand side of the page. Don’t forget 42 The Interview to check out the blog on our website: www. 43 Dictionary Of Slang 44 British Bar Chat for free lessons and 45 Phrasal Verbs - To Give 46 Answers articles on how to learn English. Or “like” us 40 on Facebook or Twitter (@LearnHotEnglish)so you can keep up with our latest news. COMPANY CLASSES (00 34) 91 421 7886 FOLLOW HOT ENGLISH ON FACEBOOK FOLLOW HOT ENGLISH ON TWITTER All material in this publication is strictly copyright, and all rights are reserved. Reproduction without permission is prohibited. The views expressed in Hot English Magazine do not necessarily represent the views of Hot English Publishing SL, although we do think that gnomes are evil creatures, and that Alexander was a queer chappie. For great private language classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 3

DR FINGERS’UK / US WORDS DRFINGERS’UK/USWORDS This is another part in our series on the differences between British and American English. Here are some more objects that are described differently in Britain and the States. US BRITISH US BRITISH Apartment Flat Can Tin Attorney Barrister = Can Toilet Baby carriage a lawyer who speaks Sweets Bell pepper in court; Solicitor = a Cupboard/ lawyer who deals with wardrobe all the legal paperwork. Pram Candy Red & Closet green pepper Buddy Friend Cookie Biscuit Exercise Read the text below spoken by an American. There are eight typical American English words. See if you can find them and write the British equivalent. We have done the first one for you. Answers on page 50. American English “I had a terrible day. As I was leaving my apartment, I met my attorney, who was pushing a baby carriage. She asked for the money I owe her, but I didn’t have it on me. Instead, I offered her a bell pepper, some candy and fourteen cookies. But she wasn’t happy and she told me she’d push my head down the can if I didn’t pay her back soon. I think I’ll have to hide in the closet.” Exercise 1. Apartment = flat 2. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 7. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 8. _______________________________________________________ = _______________________________________________________ 4 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

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DR FINGERS’ PRONUNCIATION DRAUDIO FINGERS’PRONUNCIATION INTONATION Hello, everybody, and welcome to my pronunciation course! (The answers to the exercise are on page 46) Hello everybody and welcome to my 1. The “Q” sound. Exercise English pronunciation course. Over the next few months we’ll be looking In British English, the “o” sound is made Now see if you can do this little exercise. at the differences between English with rounded lips; and in American it is a Listen to each pair of sentences and say and American pronunciation. I’ll be much longer vowel sound that is similar which one is being pronounced in British showing you some interesting things to the pronunciation of the word “arm”. English. Write “a” or “b” next to the about the two languages, and then Now we’re going to listen to a British numbers below. We’ve done the first one testing your knowledge with a few and American person saying these words. for you. exercises. The speakers we will be using The first speaker for each pair of words is are representatives of standard British British, and the second speaker is American. 1 _a 2 ____ 3 ____ 4 ____ 5 ____ and American English. Of course, See if you can copy the way they say 6 ____ 7 ____ 8 ____ 9 ____ 10 ____ there are many different regional the words. varieties of both British and American 1. a) This food is hot. English, some of which are very hard British US b) This food is hot. to understand - even for native English Hot Hot speakers. However, just for now we’ll be Cot Cot 2. a) I’ve lost my sock. focussing on the standard versions. Sock Sock b) I’ve lost my sock. Top Top General Differences Box Box 3. a) I think I saw a fox. Cod Cod b) I think I saw a fox. OK, let’s get started. One of the first things Fox Fox that many people notice is the difference Spot Spot 4. a) There’s some food in the pot. between the vowel sounds. In many cases, Pot Pot b) There’s some food in the pot. American vowel sounds appear to be much Dot Dot longer. In fact, British people often say that Dock Dock 5. a) I know a good joke. Americans “drawl”, as if they were chewing b) I know a good joke. on gum. If you listen carefully, you will also 2. The “ ˆ U” sound hear how Americans often speak in a very 6. a) I’d like you to meet Joe. nasal way - as if they were talking through In British English the “eo” sound is b) I’d like you to meet Joe. their nose. Anyway, that’s enough of that. pronounced as a dipthong, with two Let’s start looking at some specific sounds. vowel sounds; and in American English 7. a) I want to go home. it is pronounced as a monophthong, b) I want to go home. Vowels with one vowel sound. Now listen to a British and American person saying these 8. a) I need a bowl for this soup. This month we are looking at two vowel sounds. b) I need a bowl for this soup. sounds: the Q sound, as in the word “pot”; and the ˆU sound, as in the word “go”. 9. a) Have you taken my coat? b) Have you taken my coat? British US 10. a) I don’t think this boat will float. Phone Phone b) I don’t think this boat will float. Joke Joke Groan Groan GLOSSARY Home Home Boat Boat to drawl vb Moan Moan to speak slowly and not very clearly and by using Woke Woke long vowel sounds Float Float in a nasal way exp Coat Coat as if they were talking through their nose Joe Joe Bowl Bowl Bone Bone Stone Stone Row Row Low Low 6 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

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THE WEATHER AUDIO Vocabulary: The weather ( sw 6) Rainy Windy Sunny Snowy Dry Wet Lightning A thermometer Foggy Icy A Weather Forecast Thunder 1 Listening Discussion Ask and answer the questions. Pam and Becky are discussing the weather. Listen once. How When was the last time it was cold? What did you wear? many weather words can you identify? How cold was it? How did keep warm? 2 What was the weather like? When was the last time it was really hot? Where were you? How hot was it? Listen again. Then, complete the sentences with the words from What did you wear? What did you do to keep cool? below. The audio script is on page 46. When was the last time there was a storm? Where were you? Did you hear any thunder or lightning? black dropped year umbrella What was it like? Have you ever slipped on ice? Where were you? colder like feel raincoat What happened? What damage did it cause? 1. What’s the weather outside? 2. The temperature has . 3. That always makes it about 10º colder than it really is. 4. The clouds are looking pretty . 5. Do you think I should take an ? 6. And put on a and your wellies. 3 Speaking activity 7. They say it's going to get even . Use the phrases below to talk about the weather. There was a terrible storm last night. 8. Possibly, although that would be a bit strange for this It’s really windy. They say it’s going to be warm and sunny tomorrow. time of . It’s really cloudy. Be careful how you drive – it’s really foggy. There’s ice on the road. Did you see that lightning flash? The thunder made me jump. Temperatures are set to rise. Temperatures have dropped below zero. 8 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

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STORY TIME AUDIO Jokes, stories and anecdotes as told by native English speakers Story time In this section you can hear native English speakers telling each other jokes. The cat comes out of the bag The Anniversary Gift This guy is in a bar and he’s drinking shot after shot of whisky. A couple are lying in bed. They are about to celebrate their twentieth And every time he downs the shot he moans, “Why? Why is life wedding anniversary so the husband asks, “Hey, honey, what would so unfair?” you like for your anniversary? How about a new wardrobe full of The bartender is watching this and getting more and more curious. designer labels?” Eventually he asks, “Hey, I’ve been watching you here. Do you wanna “No, I don’t think so,” says the wife. talk about something with me? It might help to get it out in the “Then what about a new car?” open.” “No, I don’t think so.” And the man replies, “You know, I had it all: a beautiful house, “OK, what about a holiday in Bali?” a fast car and the love of a beautiful woman. Then, suddenly, it was “No, I don’t think so. You see, what I really want is a divorce.” all gone.” “A divorce?” says the husband. “Sorry, darling, but I wasn’t planning “Oh, that’s terrible,” said the bartender. “What happened?” on spending that much!” “My wife found out.” The Talking Dog GLOSSARY This guy sees a sign in front of a house that says, “Talking Dog for a guy n inform a gift n Sale”. He rings the bell and the owner tells him the dog is in the a man a special ability back garden. The bloke goes round to the back and sees a black mutt is exp the FBI abbr just sitting there. notice how we use the present simple to the Federal Bureau of Investigation “Do you talk?” the guy asks the dog. “Sure do,” the dog replies. tell jokes to jet from country to country “So, what’s your story?” a shot n exp The dog looks up and says, “Well, I discovered my gift of talking an amount of strong alcohol in a small to travel to many different countries in when I was young. I wanted to help the government so I joined the glass a jet plane FBI; and in no time they had me jetting from country to country, to down vb to figure vb sitting in rooms with spies and world leaders. It worked really well to drink without stopping to breathe to imagine; to suppose because no one figured a dog would be eavesdropping. After a few to moan vb to eavesdrop vb years I was voted “Most Valuable Spy”. to complain to listen secretly to a conversation But then I got tired of it all, so I signed up for a job at the airport a bartender n to sign up for a job exp to do some undercover security work, mostly wandering near a person who works in a bar serving to accept a job and the conditions suspicious characters and listening in. Later, I got married, had a drinks undercover adj few puppies, and now I’m just retired.” wanna abbr secret The guy is amazed, and he goes back in and asks the owner how want to to wander vb much he wants for the dog; and the owner says, “Ten dollars”. to get it out in the open exp to walk in a place with no particular The guy says, “This dog is amazing. Why on earth are you selling him to talk about a problem that is worrying objective so cheap?” you to listen in phr vb And the owner replies, “Because he’s a liar. He’s never done any of an owner n to listen secretly to a conversation that stuff.” the person who possesses the object you to retire vb are referring to to stop working because you are 60/65 a bloke n inform years old a man on earth exp inform a mutt n this expression is used to show you are an ordinary dog - not a special breed surprised, etc sure do exp designer labels n yes, of course clothes that are designed by famous designers 10 / / Want to do an internship with Hot English? For more information, e-mail [email protected]

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CLASSICSONGS CLASSIC SONGS “Dancing “Hard Day’s “Voulez Vous Queen” Night” Coucher Avec Moi?” by ABBA by The Beatles (Swedish group) (English group) by E-rotic (English group) You can dance, you can jive, It’s been a hard day’s night, and I’ve been Having the time of your life, working like a dog, Voulez-vous coucher avec moi, ce soir? See that girl, watch that scene, It’s been a hard day’s night, I should be Voulez-vous coucher avec moi? Digging the dancing queen. sleeping like a log, I want you, voulez-vous coucher avec moi? But when I get home to you I find the Te quiero, Voulez-vous coucher avec moi, Friday night and the lights are low, things that you do, Gimme all your love. Looking out for the place to go, Will make me feel alright. Where they play the right music, Baby, it’s true, I must confess, Getting in the swing, You know I work all day, to get you money You’re the only man I kiss, You come in to look for a king, to buy things, Cause I love your sweet caress, Anybody could be that guy, And it’s worth it just to hear you say, Come on, take me, Night is young and the music’s high, you’re gonna give me everything, Taste my cherry lips, With a bit of rock music, everything is fine, So why on earth should I moan, ‘cause It’s your body that I miss, You’re in the mood for a dance, when I get you alone, you know I’ll be OK. Cover me with love. And when you get the chance... When I’m home, everything seems to be I wanna make you sweat and do you wet, You are the dancing queen, young and alright, Moon gone into the break of dawn, sweet, only seventeen, When I’m home, feeling you holding me Give me sweet and you’ll never forget, Dancing queen, feel the beat from the tight, tight, yeah. Baby, baby, I’m gonna take your soul, tambourine, Your sexy body is out of control, You can dance, you can jive, having the Making love to you is like a dream in heaven, time of your life, Come on, baby, let me feel your passes, See that girl, watch that scene, digging the Oh-la-la and sans cesse, boom. dancing queen. Come on, make me wet, come on, make GLOSSARY GLOSSARY me sweat, Tell me all your dreams, I will make to jive vb to work like a dog exp them real, to dance to work very much and very hard Come into my bed, baby, I can’t wait, to have the time of your life exp to sleep like a log exp Gimme all your love, Just can’t get enough. to really enjoy yourself to sleep very well and profoundly to dig vb inform it’s worth it exp GLOSSARY to admire it is pleasant, it is nice to get in the swing exp gonna abbr voulez vous coucher avec moi? exp French to start to enjoy the music; to start dancing going to would you like to sleep with me? in the mood exp ‘cause abbr ce soir exp French if you are “in the mood”, you really want to do because tonight something to hold someone tight exp te quiero exp Spanish the beat n to hold someone very hard in an emotional way I love you the rhythm gimme abbr a tambourine n give me a musical instrument that you hit with your hand. It a caress n is round drum with pieces of circular metal around the if you “caress” someone, you touch them gently and edges affectionately cherry lips n red lips (the part of your face that goes around your mouth) to miss vb if you “miss” something, you are separated from that thing and you really want to be with it wanna abbr want to to sweat vb when you “sweat”, liquid comes out of your body moon gone exp this should be: the moon is/has gone. The “moon” is the large object you can see in the sky at night the break of dawn vb very early in the morning when the sun comes up gonna abbr going to a soul n your spirit sans cesse exp French without stopping 12 / / For great private language classes, e-mail [email protected]

AUDIO HOT SONG Our monthly song from new artists and bands. This month: Heather Greene HOTSONG Heather Greene is an artist from New York City. She has been playing to New York audiences for years with her excellent band, fantastic arrangements, and unique piano lines. She has toured extensively throughout the US, and has a new album called “Five Dollar Dress” that features musicians such as Bill Frisell and Steven Barber. Please visit her website for more information: The song we have for you on the CD is called “Not Exactly”. Have fun listening to it. “Not Exactly” by Heather Greene (female American singer) I keep on seeing you in ways, GLOSSARY gonna abbr All things about you start to sway, going to I can’t rely on my impressions, an arrangement n a lucky star n The road outside has turned away. music that is specially prepared; an imaginary star that brings you music done in a special way good luck and good fortune You’re not exactly what I wanted, to tour vb to find your way You might be what I need, to travel around the country doing back home exp I’m gonna ask my lucky stars, concerts and promoting your work to discover a way to go home To help me find my way back home. to feature vb can’t rely exp if someone “features” on a song, can’t trust, can’t depend on Now I keep seeing me in ways, that thing is an important part of to fade out phr vb to slowly become And all things about me start to sway, that song lower and lower in volume And I can’t rely on my reflections, to sway vb The road outside has turned away. literally, to move from side to side to turn away phr vb You’re not exactly what I wanted, in this case: to disappear You might be what I need, Gonna ask my lucky stars, To help me find my way back home. You’re not exactly what I wanted, You might be what I need, Gonna ask my lucky stars, To help me find my way back home. (fade out) You’re not exactly what I wanted, You might be what I need, Gonna ask my lucky stars, To help me find my way back home. Practice English 1,000 words & expressions in Tap here to buy! Conversations 30 typical English conversational situations. Improve your English speaking and skills! LOTS OF FREE CONTENT WHEN YOU FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK! For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 13

CRANK CALLS AUDIO Telephone conversations to help improve your listening skills. Crank Calls Telephone conversations to help improve your listening skills. Here are some more crank calls - those funny telephone calls that are designed to wind people up. Have fun listening to these two.(US English spelling) Crank Call II - The Music Teacher For this call we answered an advert that we found in a local paper offering work as a music teacher in a local school. Listen to the conversation and answer this question: In your opinion, why wasn’t the school impressed with us? Crank Call I - Car For Sale School: Hello, the Isaac Newton Grammar School, how can I help? Hot: Hi, this is Brian and I saw your ad in the paper for a new For this call we put a classified ad in the local newspaper advertising our car for sale (see ad). It didn’t take long for the phones to start ringing. music teacher. This is the conversation we had with one of the callers. Listen to the School: Oh, very good. What sort of experience do you have? conversation and answer this question: Hot: Yes, I have some experience. What are the two main problems with the car? School: Well, what experience do you have? Hot: I played in an orchestra for three years. Victim Oh, hello, I was phoning about the car. I saw an ad… School: Oh, very interesting. Which one? Hot: Oh, yes, the car. Yes, it’s for sale. Hot: Erm, I’ve forgotten. Victim: How many miles does it have on the clock? School: Well, what instruments do you play? Hot: About 200,000. Hot: I’ve been learning the electronic organ. Victim: And what sort of condition is it in? School: The electric organ? Hot: It’s looking pretty good, apart from the wheels falling Hot: Yes, I can play it really well. Listen. (sound of organ off this morning. being played, badly) Victim: The wheels? School: Well, that wasn’t really the standard of musical know- Hot: Yes, it must have been the glue I used. Victim: Glue? ledge that we were looking for… Hot: Yes, one of the wheels just fell off and I put it back on Hot: Oh, please, I really need the job… listen, I can play with glue. “Happy Birthday” too… Victim: You’re kidding. Has the car got air-conditioning? School: No, I was… (hangs up) Hot: Erm, sort of. You know, since I took the doors, took off GLOSSARY the doors there’s a nice through-draught. Victim: Get out of here! to wind someone up phr vb a caller n Hot: You are very rude, if I may say so. to irritate someone and make them angry a person who telephones you Victim: Yeah, right.Hot: Oh, right, bye! bodywork n on the clock exp the outside part of a car recorded in the car MOT n pretty good exp a test to see if your car is legally quite good acceptable to go on the road wheels n ONO abbr the four round objects that a car travels on this means: Or Nearest Offer. So, in the glue n advert, it means 500 pounds, more or less a substance used to stick things together - a classified ad n usually paper some text you put in a newspaper offering you’re kidding exp to buy or sell something this expressions means: you are joking a local newspaper n a through-draught n a newspaper from the area you are a current of air that makes a place cold referring to 14 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

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DRAUDIO FINGERS’GRAMMARCLINIC DR FINGERS’GRAMMAR CLINIC Dear Dr Fingers, Today’s class: I was wondering if you could explain the difference between “I am Afraid to & afraid + an infinitive” and “I am afraid of + a gerund (verb-ing)”. Afraid of Paula (by e-mail) Dear Paula, Thank you very much for your e-mail. Of course, I would be delighted to help you with your question. Let’s look at each case individually. Afraid + to + infinitive In general, we use “afraid” + an infinitive to say why we won’t do something in the future, or why we don’t want to do something in the future because we are frightened. For example: a) “He is afraid to go out tonight because it is dark (he won’t go out because it is dark).” b) “She is afraid to tell her parents about the broken window because they will be very angry (she probably won’t tell because they will get angry).” c) “We are afraid to jump because it is so high (we probably won’t jump because it is so high).” Afraid of + gerund “Afraid” + a gerund is used in a more general way. It is used to talk about the possible negative consequences of our actions, especially ones over which we have no control. It is used to say that you are frightened because something bad could happen in a particular situation. For example: “We were afraid of getting lost.” It would NOT be possible to say, “We were afraid to get lost.” Here are some more examples: a) “We were afraid of falling in the water.” It would NOT be possible to say, “We were afraid to fall.” b) “He was afraid of getting caught.” It would NOT be possible to say, “We were afraid to get caught.” Afraid to / Afraid of - a comparison So, just remember, in general we use “afraid” + an infinitive to say why we won’t do something in the future, or we don’t want to do something in the future because we are frightened; and we use “afraid of” + a gerund to talk about the possible consequences of an action. The following sentences with both an infinitive and a gerund may help you see the difference: a) “I was afraid to go near the dog (intention) because I was afraid of being bitten (possible consequence).” b) “He was afraid to walk on the ice (intention) because he was afraid of falling (possible consequence) in the water.” c) “She was afraid to tell the police (intention) because she was afraid of getting into trouble (possible consequence).” d) “They were afraid to speak (intention) because they were afraid of saying something stupid (possible consequence).” Well, I hope my explanations have helped you. Yours, Dr Fingers. 16 For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / /

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AUDIO 24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! EFL, VIP, B2B, FBI… UNDERSTAND 24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! How many acronyms* do you know in English? Acronyms are common in writing and speaking. So, it’s important that you understand the most important ones. In this article, you’ll learn some acronyms in English, which will really help with your listening and speaking skills. In most cases, it’s necessary to say each letter separately, unless indicated. 1 EFL = English as a 2 IT = Information 3 AM (ante meridiem) / 4 ID = Identification foreign language technology PM (post meridiem) An ID card has your An EFL course is an IT refers to the use of AM is before midday (12 photo, name and ID English language program computer software, in the afternoon) and PM number on it: “You need for non-native students: systems and networks: is after midday: “I spoke to show your ID card to “More and more EFL “We had to ask the IT to her at 5pm.” [17:00] enter this building.” students are starting to use department to help us with online learning systems.” the computer virus.” 5 FAQs = Frequently 6 SUV = Sports 7 UFO = Unidentified 8 CC = Carbon copy asked questions utility vehicle flying object If you CC someone in an A list of questions that A car that you can drive An unusual object in the e-mail, you include them people often ask related to off-road (on trails in the sky that might be from an in the list of people who a service or product: “You country) because it has alien planet: “There has receive the e-mail: “Please can find a list of FAQs on four-wheel drive: “They been an increase in UFO CC me in all future our website.” drove the SUV up the hill.” sightings in this area.” emails.” 9 BCC = Blind carbon copy 10 WHO = World Health Organization 11 DIY = Do it yourself If you BCC someone in an e-mail, you An agency of the United Nations Little jobs you do at home to include them in the list of people who responsible for international improve, build or repair things: receive the message, however, they public health: “The WHO has its “I’m good at DIY jobs such as can’t see the other e-mail addresses headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.” painting and putting up shelves.” or names – they’re “blind”: “I forgot to BCC the e-mail recipients and got into trouble with my boss.” 18 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

12 B2B = Business- 13 B2C = Business- 14 HR = Human resources 15 R&D = Research & 24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! to-business to-consumer / Business- Development to-customer The HR department in a B2B work involves selling company helps employees If a company carries out things to other businesses B2C activities involve with things such as salaries, “R&D”, it investigates things or companies: “Most of selling things directly to holidays, benefits, etc.: and develops new products our work here at Global customers: “We do mostly “The HR department’s and services: “By investing Health is B2B.” B2C through our shops and main responsibility is hiring more in R&D, we can stay online store.” and firing people.” ahead of the competition.” [R&D&I = Research, Development and Innovation] 16 FBI = Federal Bureau 16 CIA = Central 17 EU = European Union AUDIO of Investigation Intelligence Agency An organization of European LISTEN & REPEAT! A law enforcement agency A spy agency of the US countries: “Most EU in the United States that government which collects countries use the euro as Listen and repeat these investigates major crimes information about other their official currency.” acronyms so you can learn involving the Mafia, drug countries: “The CIA how to say them. For this first cartels, terrorists, etc.: “The operative prevented a set, you need to pronounce FBI are investigating the terrorist attack.” each letter separately: EFL, murders.” IT, AM, PM, ID, FAQs, SUV, UFO, CC, BCC, WHO, DIY, B2B, B2C, HR, R&D, R&D&I, FBI, CIA, EU, VIP, UN, ASAP The following acronyms are pronounced as words: ASAP, SWOT, NATO, NASA 19 VIP = Very 20 UN = United Nations 21 ASAP = As soon as *ACRONYMS important person possible [pronounce this as a An international An acronym is an abbreviation A famous or high-ranking organization founded in word, or the individual letters] formed from the initial letters person (such as a celebrity, 1945 (and based in New of other words: NASA, NATO, diplomat, president, prime York City) that aims to “We need you to do this asap.” SWOT... Strictly speaking, minister, etc.) who is given maintain international words such as IT, VIP and special treatment: “We sat peace: “Several members ATM are initialisms (and in the VIP section of the club in the UN meeting voted not acronyms) because because we knew the owner.” against the proposal.” we pronounce each letter separately. However, most people use the term acronym to refer to all these types of words. Interestingly, with most acronyms, we pronounce each letter separately – only a few are pronounced as words. 22 SWOT = Strengths, 23 NATO = North Atlantic 24 NASA = National GLOSSARY weaknesses, Treaty Organization Aeronautics and Space opportunities, threats Administration a trail n [pronounce this as a word] a dirt road in the countryside that goes [pronounce this as a word] [pronounce this as a word] through a forest, over a mountain, along An international organization a river, etc. SWOT analysis is a method which consists of the US, NASA is the US organization a sighting n for learning more about UK, Canada and many if there’s a “sighting” of something, people your company or business European countries: “NATO that’s responsible for space see that thing (often something unusual by looking at any possible countries have agreed to or mysterious) dangers, areas where you support each other if they’re missions: “She works as a blind adj can expand etc.: “We carried ever attacked.” someone who is “blind” can’t see out a SWOT analysis.” NASA engineer.” a shelf / shelves n a wooden, metal or plastic flat object that’s fixed on the wall for books, food, photos, ornaments… to hire vb if you “hire” someone, you give them a job at your company to fire vb if someone is “fired”, they have to leave their job high-ranking adj someone “high-ranking” is a senior or important position in an organisation For great private language classes, e-mail: [email protected] / / 19

24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! EXERCISES EFL, VIP, B2B, FBI… UNDERSTAND 24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! EXERCISES TO HELP YOU REMEMBER THE WORDS! 1 What do the acronyms stand for? Answers on page 46 Say what each acronym (or initialism) stands for. 2 Guess the acronym 1. UFO = 2. WHO = Write the correct acronym (or initialism) next to each definition. 3. NASA = 1. Doing business directly with customers is 4. EFL = 5. SUV = known as… 6. SWOT = 2. A US spy agency that gathers information about other 7. AM = 8. DIY = countries is the… 9. NATO = 3. The department in a company responsible for hiring 10.ASAP = 11. CC = and firing people is the _______ department 12. IT = 4. A card with a photo of you on it is an ______ card. 13. BCC = 5. An organization that aims to maintain international peace is the… 6. An organization of many European countries is the… 7. Investigation into new products and services is known as… 8. Doing business with other businesses is known as… 9. Eleven at night (after midday) is 11… 10.Typical questions that people ask are known as… 11. An important or high-ranking person is a… 12. A US police agency that investigates major crimes is the… 20 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

CROSSWORD ANSWERS ON PAGE 46 CROSSWORD Across 31: To stop a business from functioning. To ____ a business down 1: To do exercise so you have a good body: to get in _______ Down 2: The crime of not paying tax that you should really pay. Tax 1: Cruel and with a desire to hurt people 2: To cut a design onto wood, metal, etc ________ 3: To put something somewhere in a casual or aggressive manner. 5: A door that makes a lot of noise every time you open or close To d____ 4: Happy and very pleased it. A squ_________ door 6: To register in a hotel and to start staying there 8: To block an area so no one can enter that area. To _____ an 7: To leave a place, in your car. To drive ________ area off 9: To walk into a room without asking permission. To walk 10: To make a big effort to do something. To go to a lot of ________ in ________ 11: An animal that makes tunnels underground. A m_____ 13: To jump. To l_____ 12: To secretly listen to a conversation. To listen _______ 14: To take fruit from trees so you can eat it. To _______ fruit 15: An area in the garden for flowers. A flower _____ 18: A coat made from animal skin and hair. A _______ coat 20: Money and valuable things. We_______ 16: Always planning how to get things without thinking about 21: To think that someone is inferior. To look _______ on someone 23: A person who is obsessed with keeping fit. A fitness ________ other people’s feelings 25: To do something to attract the attention of other people 26: A small, round, green vegetable 17: A box for dead bodies. A c_________ 27: The sharp edge of a knife 28: To be very happy: to be over the _________ 19: To say that rumours are not true. To _________ rumours 29: To establish and start a business. To ______ a business up 20: To walk in an area with no particular purpose. To ________ around 22: To offer money to an official or police officer to convince them to give you special treatment 24: An abbreviation of “want to” 25: A small glass of alcohol. A s_______ 26: An area in the garden where you grow vegetables. A vegetable p_______ 27: Strange and unusual: bi_______ 30: A garden tool that you use for making holes. A sp________ For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 21

AUDIO INTERVIEW HORROR STORIES INTERVIEW HORROR STORIES Have you ever had a bad interview? You know, the kind of interview in which you arrive late because you were caught up in traffic. Or one in which you can’t seem to express yourself properly. The following stories are all about people’s nightmare experiences during interviews. Read them and learn from other people’s mistakes. By Andrea (US Spelling) Babble On so I just dressed in a nice pair of slacks and a blouse. ‘Why aren’t you wearing a suit?’ the interviewer asked me just Hadley Jones got into a real mess during a recent as I sat down. Almost crying, I explained that I didn’t have a interview with a clothes manufacturing company. “I was applying for a position as senior accountant. The lot of money to spend on clothes. Then the interviewer went off first interview went really well and I was called in for a final about how she didn’t come from a lot of money, but that she interview with a senior partner in the company. did manage to buy one suit! As you can imagine, I didn’t get On the day in question, the imposing gentleman asked me the job.” all the usual questions. Then, towards the end he asked me Word Jumble something that I didn’t understand. And instead of asking him to repeat the question, I just launched into a long story 32-year-old Jordan Muller made a very embarrassing about something totally irrelevant, thinking I could tie it all spelling mistake on his CV. together at the end. I kept straying farther and farther from “I was applying for a job with a New York accounting firm. On the original topic (whatever that was). Finally, I tried to wrap my resumé I listed some of the more impressive courses that things up, and with beads of sweat trickling down my back, I’d taken, including econometrics, macroeconomics and “pubic” I said, ‘So, in answer to your original question ... the way this finance. Unfortunately neither myself nor my spell-checker all ties in is ... you know? Erm, sorry but I’m not quite sure caught the missing “L” in “pubic”. what your original question was, or how this ties in, but it all Nothing happened and I thought that I’d gotten off the hook. means that I’m great for this position. Don’t you think?’ The But a few days later, I got a call from one of the New York interviewer did not agree.” accounting firms. ‘Hey, Jordan,” they said, “we’d really like to Technical Problems know more about this course in ‘pubic’ finance.’ To this day I can still hear the roars of laughter in the background from the If you ever apply for a job by e-mail, don’t do what office staff who were listening in to the call.” twenty-four-year- old John Spokesman did. “I was looking to do an internship in a computer software Doggies company. One morning I did a mass e-mailing to hundreds Mary Stevens had a very strange interview. of companies, attaching my resumé and a covering letter for “At the time I was a shy 21-year-old literature graduate a position as a technical writer. A few hours later I received a applying for a job as assistant quality controller for a well- reply from one of the companies, and it wasn’t exactly the kind known brand of pet food. During the interview there was a dog of response I was looking for. The message read, ‘Your resumé there. At first he behaved very well, but eventually he became is infected with a virus and has been quarantined’. Needless to especially interested in my leg. I kept shuffling to protect say I gave up after that.” myself from the dog, but he wouldn’t stop. The funny thing Dressed To Offend was that the interviewer just completely ignored what was going on. Meanwhile, I was trying desperately to maintain my Carrie Pintoretta found that personality alone is not concentration, but I really lost it when he (the dog) climbed up always enough to get you that job. on to my leg and started… well, you can guess what he started “I’m a history major and I went to an interview for a job in a doing. ‘Stop!’ ‘Stop!’ I shouted, jumping up. I left shortly computer company. Unfortunately, I couldn’t afford a new suit, afterwards… without the job.” 22 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

Nothing Goes Right E L E M E N TA R Y ENGLISH! 26-year-old Dan Goodman had one of the most unusual interviews imaginable. THIS ELEMENTARY BOOK “On the morning in question, my neighbors called saying IS PERFECT FOR A1+-LEVEL they desperately needed a babysitter for their three-year- STUDENTS OF ENGLISH! old daughter. Of course, I agreed to help out, completely forgetting that I had an interview to go to. Then, just twenty IT’LL HELP YOU GO FROM BEGINNER minutes before I was due to be at the interview I suddenly LEVEL TO PRE-INTERMEDIATE (A2) LEVEL. remembered. In a panic, I phoned an ex-girlfriend, who agreed THIS BOOK WILL HELP YOU… to come over and look after the baby girl. As soon as she arrived, I ran out of the house, but I was in such a rush that ✔ Speak in English! I forgot my belt. With five minutes until the interview I didn’t ✔ Understand English more easily! have time to go back. I arrived two minutes and thirty seconds ✔ Learn the words and expressions you need! late. But, as luck would have it, the interviewer was late too so he never realized that I’d only just arrived. But when I stood THE ELEMENTARY BOOK HAS… up to shake his hand, my pants fell down right in front of him. Being quick-witted, I made a joke about it, saying how I would ✔ over 120 minutes of audio material! do anything to work for him, including standing in the office in ✔ 80 hours of quality learning activities! my boxer shorts. ✔ 120 pages divided into 45 units! He smiled kindly, but, of course, the story gets worse. Next, the interviewer asked me for a copy of my resumé. Immediately, Learn Hot English: English for I reached into my binder and pulled out a resumé with a work, life, exams & speaking! covering letter to a competing agency. The interviewer took one look at the title and subject of the letter and asked me to leave. Strange, but true.” Tap here to buy! GLOSSARY caught up in traffic exp write a document trapped in your car because there is too to get off the hook exp much traffic this means: “to escape the to tie everything together exp consequences of a bad action.” In to summarise your ideas American English the past participle to stray vb is “gotten”; and in British English it to start talking about another topic - is “got” not the main one a call n to wrap things up phr vb a telephone call to conclude your talk by showing how roars of laughter n all your ideas connect together loud sounds of people laughing with beads of sweat to listen in to a call exp trickling down my back exp to listen secretly to a telephone call this means: “with liquid (sweat) falling shy adj down your back” timid to tie in phr vb a brand n to connect; to join a famous product produced by a an internship n company a period of time when you work in an pet food n office or organization for free and in food for pets (animals such as dogs and order to get work experience cats that live in your house) a mass e-mailing n to shuffle vb the same message sent to lots of to move without lifting your feet off the different e-mail addresses ground to attach vb to go on phr vb to include a file on an e-mail message to happen a covering letter n to lose it exp a letter that explains why you want the to become very angry; to lose control of job and why you are good for the job yourself; to stop being patient needless to say exp people use this to help out phr vb expression when they are about to say to help by sharing a problem something that they think is obvious in such a rush exp to give up phr vb with little time to do the things you to stop doing something need to do slacks n pants n US loose trousers trousers a blouse n quick-witted adj a light, loose shirt often worn by women clever and quick at making funny to come from a lot of money comments exp boxer shorts n to be from a rich family shorts that men often wear under their pubic n trousers instead of underpants relating to the area just above a a binder n person’s genitals a hard cover with metal rings inside it a spell-checker n to hold loose pieces of paper an automatic programme in the computer that checks spelling as you For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 23

ANIMAL MATCHING Animal Matching Exercise See if you can do this matching exercise. Look at the list of things (1 to 12), and the photos ( A - K ). Write a letter next to the name of each thing in the list below. Answers also on page 46 1. Octopus 2. Cheetah 3. Mink 4. Insect 5. Puma 6. Donkey C 7. Mule 8. Mosquito 9. Mockingbird A 10. Mole 11. Parrot 12. Albatross G B DE K F J HI L 24 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

AUDIO ANIMAL TRIVIA Animal Trivia Here are some more interesting and fascinating facts about animals. The penalty for killing a cat, 4,000 years ago in Egypt was… death. On average, pigs live for about 15 years. The phrase “raining cats and dogs” (which means, “raining very Parrots are the most famous of all the much and very hard”) originated in 17th-century England. During talking birds, but they can rarely use more this period many cats and dogs lived in the streets; and when it than twenty words. However African Greys rained, many of them drowned and their bodies could be seen can learn more than 100 words. What floating through the streets. This made it look like it had literally clever birds! rained “cats and dogs”. You can hear an adult lion’s roar up to five miles away; The Pacific giant octopus, the largest octopus in the world, grows but the loudest sound is produced by the blue whale from the size of pea to a 75-kilo monster in just two years. (188 decibels), which makes them the biggest noise polluters in the world. The poison-arrow frog has enough poison to kill approximately 2,229.5 people. Incidentally, the world record for a frog jump is Sharks are the only animals that never get sick. And they are 10.3 metres over the course of three consecutive leaps. This jump immune to every known disease including cancer. took place during the 1977 World Frog Jumping Competition, which is held annually in South Africa. Snakes can’t die from their own poison. The turbot fish lays approximately 14 million eggs during its lifetime. Some baby giraffes are more than two metres tall at birth. The cheetah is the only cat in the world that can’t retract its claws. An albatross can sleep while it flies. During the reign of Kublai Khan, the Chinese used lions on hunting An iguana can stay under water for 28 minutes. expeditions. They trained the big cats to chase and drag down animals such as wild bulls and bears. The lions stayed with the In some American states, the evidence given by a bloodhound animals until the hunter arrived. is admissible in court. The only dog to ever appear in a Shakespearean play was called Ants are sociable insects and live in colonies which may have Crab in “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”. as many as 500,000 individuals. Incidentally, ants never sleep. Fifty minks are needed to produce a fur coat for an average-sized Beaver teeth are so sharp that Native Americans once used them lady. Eighty of the little creatures are required for a large-boned as blades for their knives. lady. The English Romantic poet Lord Byron was so sad when his pet dog, There are more insects in one square kilometre of rural land than Boatswain, died that he composed a poem for him. Here it is: there are human beings in the world. There are more than 900,000 “Beauty without vanity, strength without insolence, courage without known species of insects. ferocity, and all the virtues of man without his vices.” There are more than 100 million dogs and cats in the United States. GLOSSARY Incidentally, Americans spend more than 5.4 billion dollars on their pets each year, which is a lot more than they spend on foreign aid. to drown vb offspring n to die in water babies Officially, there is no animal called a panther (except the pink one). a pea n a squeaking door n The term “panther” is a general word that is used to refer to large a small, round green vegetable a door that makes a high-pitched noise cats such as leopards, pumas and jaguars. a leap n (a squeaking sound) when you open it a jump to meow n When a female horse and male donkey mate, the offspring is to retract its claws exp the noise that cats make when they are called a mule; and when a male horse and female donkey mate, a cat’s “claws” are the sharp part of its hungry, etc the offspring is called a hinny. hands. Most cats can push the claws a noise polluter n out, and take them back in (retract) a thing that makes a loud noise and You are more likely to be bitten by mosquitoes if you eat bananas. a hunting expedition n that contaminates the atmosphere Incidentally, only female mosquitoes bite. a journey in which you look for animals a bloodhound n to kill (hunt) a type of dog that is often used to find Mockingbirds can imitate any sound from a squeaking door to a to drag down phr vb escaped prisoners cat meowing. to physically force an animal to go down admissible in court n on the ground acceptable as evidence in court Moles are able to tunnel through 100 metres of earth in a day. a bull n a beaver n a male cow an animal that is like a rat, but with a bear n a flat tail. It builds its home next to a large, brown mammal that lives in rivers forests a blade n a fur coat n the sharp edge of a knife a coat made of animal skin and hair large-boned adj this is a polite way of saying overweight For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 25

CAT IDIOMS CATIDIOMS Here are some more cat idioms. Illustrations by Look what the cat’s While/when the cat’s away, the mice will play dragged in! This expression is used to describe a situation in We use this expression which people (the mice) act badly because they when someone arrives are not being supervised, or because the person in late or unexpectedly authority (the cat) has gone away. Notice how we and we think they look don’t use the complete idiom. This is because people ugly and badly dressed: already know the rest of the idiom. “Look what the cat’s “Do you think it’s a good idea to leave your husband dragged in! Tell me, alone in the house for such a long time? You know, did you iron that shirt, while the cat’s away… ” or did you just use a hot brick?” To put/set the cat among the pigeons To provoke a very negative and bad situation by saying or doing something bad; to cause trouble and make a lot of people angry or worried “Telling the employees they’ve got to work over the weekend will really set the cat among the pigeons.” No room to swing a cat If there “isn’t room to swing a cat” in a place, the place is very small. “You’ll be lucky if you get a sofa in this living room. There isn’t room to swing a cat.” To play cat and mouse Curiosity killed the cat GLOSSARY To try to defeat someone by This expression is used to tell people not to ask to drag in phr vb tricking them or forcing them questions and to keep their mouths shut. to physically pull something into a to make a mistake “I wouldn’t ask too many questions about the house, etc “The actress spent most of the illegal practices going on in this company if I to iron vb summer playing cat and mouse were you. You know, curiosity killed the cat.” to use an iron (a hot electrical object) with the press by phoning them to prepare your clothes so there are no anonymously and telling them creases (lines) where she’d be with her new a brick n lover. Then, she would just go a rectangular object made of a red somewhere else.” stone that is used to build houses to swing vb to move something backwards and forwards in the air a pigeon n a fat, grey bird that lives in cities illegal practices n illegal activities; irregular things to go on phr vb to happen 26 For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / /

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IN THE NEWS AUDIO In The News... Historical Breakthrough Professor Gruber of the “University of Garten Und Gnomen” in southern Germany stunned the scientific world last night with some spectacular news: the discovery of the missing link. “I was doing some digging in my garden when I suddenly hit on something hard. I brushed away the soil and found the upper part of a pointed hat. I pulled, and out came a perfectly formed gnome. I immediately named him “Brian,” the professor explained. Later analysis of Brian and carbon-dating now makes it certain that Brian is the missing link between the Neanderthal Gnome of pre-glacial Europe and Gnomo Sapiens, which appeared on the Earth around 30,000 years BC. “You can imagine my excitement,” Professor Gruber added. However, other experts were more sceptical. “I find it hard to believe that Herr Gruber has a neolithic burial site in his back garden,” said an Italian professor of archaeology. A Common-Or-Garden Affair GLOSSARY A well-known garden gnome is apparently at the the missing link n centre of the separation of golden couple Hugh this is an archaeological term Grant and Liz Hurley. Grant (a famous British actor) that refers to animal/human that has repeatedly denied rumours that anyone else was existed just after the apes and just involved in the break-up. But photos taken secretly before homo sapiens outside a London nightclub show Hurley (a famous to do some digging exp British model) in the company of a playboy gnome, to make some holes in the ground notorious for his hell-raising lifestyle. Hurley to brush away phr vb refused to comment on the relationship, telling to gently move the earth from an journalists to “get lost!”. She was later seen driving object with a brush so you can see off at high speed in the direction of a forest. So far, what it is the gnome has declined to comment. a pointed hat n a hat with a sharp point at the end Murder on the Lawn out came a perfectly… etc exp this is another way of saying, “A A leading British politician was found stabbed to death in his garden in north London last night. perfectly formed gnome came out” Lord Plantpot was last heard by neighbours having a violent argument. The aristocrat was later carbon-dating n found with a paper cone on his head and a note pinned to his chest which read, “Now you know a chemical process that is used to what it feels like!” say how old something is Police quickly cordoned off the area. A gnome found at the scene of the crime was later arrested. sceptical adj “The gnome in question had a suspicious look on his face so we took him down to the police if you are “sceptical”, you don’t station for questioning,” a police spokesperson explained. “We interrogated him intensively, but he believe something refused to say anything. It is my firm belief that this gnome is responsible for the murder.” a golden couple n Lord Plantpot was the founder of Gordon’s Garden Gnomes, a family-run business that mass- two very famous people who are produced pointed hats - just like the one found on Lord Plantpot’s head. having a relationship to deny rumours exp 28 / / For great private language classes, e-mail [email protected] to say that stories about you are not true a break-up n a separation notorious adj famous for something bad a hell-raising lifestyle n a type of life that consists of lots of drinking and aggressive or violent behaviour to drive off phr vb to leave a place in your car to decline to comment exp not to say anything to stab to death exp to kill someone by putting a knife in their body a paper cone n paper with a round base and a point at the top to pin vb to fix an object on something by using pins (thin, sharp pieces of metal) a chest n the upper part of your body at the front to cordon off an area exp to block an area so no one can enter that area refused to say anything exp would not say anything

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VOCABULARYGARDENS VOCABULARY GARDENS Here is some useful vocabulary related to gardens Vegetable patch - this Patio - this is an area of concrete is the area in the garden where vegetables are grown. in a garden close to a house where Vegetables produced from people can sit, drink tea or have this patch are normally eaten barbecues. by slugs. Conservatory - this is a Allotments - these are room with glass walls and a glass government-owned mini- roof which is attached to the side gardens where people in of a house. It is the ideal place towns can practise all sorts for enjoying the outdoors without of gardening skills such as getting wet or cold, although digging holes and dumping apparently it reduces the value fridges. of your house (useful Hot English fact!). Veranda - this is a wooden Greenhouse - this is a little construction around the side of a house that has plants building in the garden that is made growing up the sides. of glass that is used for growing flowers, cucumbers, tomatoes and Bench - this is a long seat grapes (yes, the British do make wine, even though the British are made of wood or plastic. the only people who drink it). It is the place where the British can sit and enjoy Flower bed - this is the area their garden for a couple of minutes, before doing some of land where flowers are grown. more gardening work. Unfortunately, these never quite look like they do on the packet of Soil (also known as “earth” seeds. and “dirt”) - this is the dark Rockery - this is an artificial brown matter that is under the grass, plants and trees. recreation of a typical Swiss It often turns into thick mud mountain scene. Unfortunately after a typically rainy English there aren’t enough Swiss mountain afternoon. rocks in Britain so they have to use bits of broken concrete. Compost - this is the Pond - this is the man-made area rich soil that is produced by rotting vegetables, broken of water in the garden. It often egg shells and festering contains goldfish, frogs and lilies. socks. A good compost heap Children love to throw sand in it, has steam coming off it. and pick out the goldfish. Only the keenest gardeners ever use their compost. Lawn - this is the area of Most just admire it from a distance. grass in the garden. A good lawn is flat, smooth and a beautiful Shed - this is the small green colour; a bad lawn is overgrown and hasn’t been mowed building with one room for three years. where the British like to keep all their tools, broken plant Garden gnome - these are pots and any other junk. little plastic or porcelain men with funny pointed hats. They are used to decorate a garden and give it a mystical feel. Avoid people who have gnomes in their gardens: they are the sort of people who believe that Harry Potter is a true story. 30 / / Want to do an internship with Hot English? For more information, e-mail [email protected]

Garden tools The spade - this is for digging holes The trowel - this is a small spade for digging small holes The lawn mower - this is the loud, noisy machine that cuts grass The hose - this is the object used for watering the garden, or spraying your neighbours/dog/children/Jehovah’s Witnesses, etc GLOSSARY BEGINNER’S ENGLISH! a frog n in the kitchen to keep food cold a green amphibian. Kermit is one seeds n THE BEGINNER BOOK a lily n small things that you plant and that later IS PERFECT FOR A1-LEVEL a small, round plant that floats on water grow into trees, etc STUDENTS OF ENGLISH. to pick out phr vb mud n IT WILL HELP YOU...  to take something with your fingers from a a mixture of water and earth container, etc rotting vegetables n vegetables that are ✔ Speak in English! overgrown adj very old and smell bad ✔ Understand English! if a garden is “overgrown”, plants are egg shells n ✔ Learn the words and expressions you need! growing everywhere with no control or order the outside part of an egg to mow (the lawn) vb festering socks n THIS BOOK FEATURES OVER... to cut the grass (the lawn) socks that are very dirty a slug n a compost heap n ✔ 120 minutes of audio material! a small animal that eats plants. It is like a a mass of rotting vegetables, etc in a ✔ 80 hours of quality learning activities! snail but without the shell on its back container that is producing compost ✔ 100 pages divided into 34 units! to own vb steam n to possess vapour that comes from something that Take your first steps in to dig vb is hot English with our Beginner Book! to make a hole in the ground keen adj to dump vb if you are “keen”, you are very excited and Learn Hot English: English for to throw something somewhere casually and enthusiastic about something work, life, exams & speaking! with no care tools n a fridge n objects you use to do manual jobs a refrigerator. A large, white electrical “box” Tap here to buy! FREE subscription if you recommend Hot English Language Services to your company. E-mail [email protected] / / 31

AUDIO TYPICALDIALOGUES ANSWERS ON PAGE 46 TYPICAL DIALOGUES THEGARDEN In this conversation, Mr Verdy comes home to find a strange Stranger: Yes, that’s right. Jones, Harvey Jones. Pleased to man in his garden. Listen to the conversation and answer meet you. I work in the accounting firm down in these two questions. the village. 1. What destruction has the strange man caused to Mr Verdy: Pleased to meet you. Verdy, Nigel Verdy. I work in Mr Verdy’s garden? the estate agent’s. 2. What does the man offer to do at the end of the Stranger: Well, why don’t you make yourself at home? conversation? Why is this strange? (answers on page 46) Mr Verdy: Oh, thank you very much. Stranger: Would you like a cup of tea? Mr Verdy: What on earth are you doing in my garden? Mr Verdy: Yes, that would be nice. Milk with two sugars please. Stranger: Oh, hello… Stranger: Right, I’ll go and make us both one… Oh, erm, sorry, but Mr Verdy: This is private property. You can’t be here. Stranger: I was just admiring your lawn, it’s very nice. where’s the kitchen? Mr Verdy: And you are lying on my sun bed… naked. Mr Verdy: First on the right. The cups are under the kitchen Stranger: Yes, it is very comfortable. Here, my name is… Mr Verdy: No, please don’t stand up. Erm, sorry, but what is sink, and the tea bags are on the top shelf. Stranger: Thanks. I’ll be right back. my favourite gnome doing with his head stuffed in the ground? GLOSSARY compost n Stranger: He was staring at me and making me nervous. I a mixture of dead plants and other thought I’d teach him a lesson. on earth exp inform organic material that is added to the Mr Verdy: And I see that my collection of expensive garden people use this expression to show that earth to make plants grow better tools is under the sun bed. May I ask why? they are angry a mud bath n Stranger: Moles. a lawn n “mud” is a mixture of earth and water. If Mr Verdy: Moles? an area of grass in the garden you give yourself a “mud bath”, you put Stranger: Yes, moles. I thought I might need the spade if a a sun bed n mud on your body to improve the quality mole appeared. They’re vermin, you know. You a bed you can lie on in order to get sun of your skin can never be too careful. tanned a vegetable patch n Mr Verdy: And why is your chest covered with my earth? to stuff vb an area in the garden where you grow Stranger: Oh, that’s some of your compost. I hope you don’t mind. to put in a place in a casual and vegetables It makes an excellent mud bath. aggressive manner to dig vb Mr Verdy: Oh my God! What have you done to my to stare at someone exp to make a hole in the ground vegetable patch? to look continuously at someone I have a good mind to… exp Stranger: I was doing a bit of digging. I was hungry. And I to teach someone a lesson exp people use this expression when they must say, those potatoes were delicious. to do something bad to someone as a are angry and when they are about to do Mr Verdy: And three of my ceramic plant pots have been smashed. I way of punishing them something bad to someone have a good mind to call the police. And… Hey… wait a a mole n a chap n inform minute… Aren’t you the new chap from across the street? a small animal that lives underground a man and who likes to dig holes in people’s an estate agent’s n gardens a shop where you can buy or sell a spade n property an object you use for making holes in to make yourself at home exp the ground to make yourself comfortable vermin n a shelf n animals or insects that cause problems a flat piece of wood/metal/plastic on for humans which you can put books a chest n the front area of your body below your head and above your legs 32 / / Want to do an internship with Hot English? For more information, e-mail [email protected]

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BRITISH GARDENS BRITISHGARDENS What are the most popular hobbies in your country? Swimming, fishing or skiing, perhaps? Of course the British are different and one of the most popular hobbies in Britain is gardening. Why? And what’s it all about? A Green Love Affair looking men in pointed hats where they are the gentle, loving giants. The British love their gardens; and British men and women spend hours and hours every week trying to make their garden look as The British Man’s Retreat perfect as possible, competing with one another to produce the flattest, greenest lawns in the neighbourhood. Deep down, they One of the most unusual objects to be found in a garden is the despise anyone who has a better garden than them; and they look shed. This is a sacred place, particularly for British men. Sheds are down on anyone who doesn’t bother to look after their garden little wooden or plastic constructions filled with gardening tools, at all. Working in the garden provides the British with hours of and any other junk that finds its way there. The shed is a place fun, work and activity. The garden is the perfect place to relax and where British men are truly at home. It’s a refuge from the harsh contemplate life, and to be in touch with nature, or to have a cup reality of the outside world, and a place where hobbies can be of tea on one of those rare English sunny days. pursued in peace. Psychologists have been studying men and their sheds for Cats and Fish centuries, but they still remain a mystery to modern science. No one is really sure what goes on in those sheds, but one look So what can you find in a typical British garden? The average inside a British man’s shed will tell you all about his personality, garden has a lawn and a flower bed. Others may have vegetable his passions and his obsessions. So now you know what to do patches, where the British can pretend they are self-sufficient by when you want to discover the truth about a British man. growing their own food. The fact that the only thing they produce consists of a few potatoes and a bunch of tiny tomatoes is politely Garden Activities ignored. Another typical addition to the garden is the pond. These are So what do the British do in their gardens? Most of the time is small areas of water that are designed to look like authentic rock devoted to hard gardening work. This may involve mowing the pools, with running water, fish, and vegetation. They are very lawn, cutting roses, moving pots from one part of the garden to popular with cats, who eat all the fish; and children, who enjoy another (for no apparent reason), picking fruit, digging holes, throwing the cat in the water. laying paths, planting seeds, and watering things with the garden hose. Little Men Of course, not all gardening activities consist of hard work. The garden is also a place for relaxation and entertainment. The British One particularly popular item of decoration for the garden is the love to organise barbecue parties in their gardens, and have their garden gnome. Garden gnomes are strange creatures made of meals on garden furniture whenever possible. On particularly plastic or porcelain and with pointed hats on their heads. For hot days they may even bring out the paddling pool, which is a many people, the gnome is the perfect adornment for a garden. plastic pool filled with water where the British can cool off their But a gnome is much more than just decoration as the British like aching feet. Other garden activities include sitting, drinking tea to think of their garden as a little fantasy world, peopled by funny 34 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

on a white plastic chair, and killing insects. said, “You may know a Frenchman by his baguette; the German by BRITISH GARDENS his Frankfurter; the Belgian by his chocolates; and an Englishman Why? by his garden.” So now you know. The big question is: why are the British so obsessed with their GLOSSARY gardens? One of the main benefits is that being in the garden means dealing with plants, and not people. After all, plants won’t flat adj to cut the grass with an electrical criticise you, be rude to you or laugh at the way you dance. smooth and with no high areas of ground machine Gardening is also a way of exercising power and control. It’s all a lawn n to pick fruit exp about being the master and watching as your creations begin to an area of ground with grass on it to take fruit from trees so you can eat it grow. It’s also connected with the cycle of life, and about being in to despise vb to dig vb touch with nature. to hate to make a hole in the ground Having a garden is also a territorial thing. It’s a British person’s to look down on phr vb to lay a path exp own private property and they are proud of this. “Everyone has to think that someone or something is to put pieces of concrete on the ground a sense of territory,” the philosopher Roger Scruton once said, inferior and to create a path (a little road for “and the more uprooted life becomes, the stronger the desire to not bother exp people to walk on) beautify the home.” if you “don’t bother” to do something, a seed n you don’t do that thing because you are an object you put in the ground. A tree or Frankfurters too lazy plant grows from it a flower bed n a hose n Gardening is also an essential part of being British. As ex-prime an area with flowers in it a long tube. Water comes out of it minister Mrs Thatcher once said, “Whether it is our character which a pond n a paddling pool n makes us gardeners, or gardening that shapes our characters, I’m a man-made area of water in the garden a small, plastic object that you fill with unsure.” And as the French commentator Juscard Destang once a shed n water and play in on hot days a small building with just one room for aching feet n keeping tools, pots, etc feet that are hurting you gardening tools n uprooted adj objects that you use to do gardening if you are “uprooted”, you have no junk n established home, and you are constantly rubbish; old things you don’t want moving to mow the lawn exp BusinessEnglish Learn over 500 useful business words and expressions! Over 30 articles on up-to-date business topics! Over 100 useful business idioms & phrasal verbs! Tap here to buy! Business videos and audio files to improve your listening skills! PRACTISE ENGLISH C O N V E R S AT I O N S ! This practical book for intermediate to advanced- level students will: Improve your ability to socialise in English! Help you get a better job! Teach you 1,000 words to help your spoken English! Tap here to buy! For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 35

AUDIO GARDENS GARDENS This is a fascinating interview with Dr Horatio Earthling, has been going on for centuries and centuries. You a British gardening and gnome expert. Find out why gardening is so popular in Britain, and what Dr Horatio know, you go to any village and they have village has to offer. garden shows where people are choosing the best leek or the largest aubergine. It’s just incredible! Jane: Yes, erm, so what do you see as the future for Jane: Hello and welcome to Cult 2005. The show that brings gardening? you all the best in British culture. This week we’re Dr. Horatio: Well, these days they have lots of gardening holi days. talking to Dr Horatio Earthling about the gardening They have holidays to, erm, Tuscany to see the secret craze in Britain. Dr. Horatio, I understand that 75% of gardens there; or to the Azores to see plants that people have a garden or an outdoor space attached don’t grow anywhere else in the world. Incidentally, to our homes. And 66% of us considered gardening as I’ll be organising tours of my very own garden, a hobby, making it the most popular pastime. Why are where you can admire my lawn, poke at my pots and we so obsessed with this hobby? converse with my gnomes. Can you think of a better Dr. Horatio: Yes, it’s, it’s fascinating. We spend 3 million pounds way to spend a Sunday afternoon? year on our gardens, including 80 million pounds on Jane: Well that sounds great. I’d like to come along. That’s gnomes. 25% of women recently said they prefer all we got time for. Thank you Dr. Horatio. gardening to sex. And people visit garden centres Dr Horatio: No problem. all the time. In fact, they’re more popular than visits to theme parks and the National Trust. In fact GLOSSARY the industry is growing by 25% a year. This is just incredible. a craze n the Chelsea Flower Show n a fashion a large flower show that is held in London Jane: So, apart from gardening shops, who else is benefiting an outdoor space n once a year an area outside posh adj from this cultural obsession with gardening? attached adj sophisticated, upper-class fixed to, joined to to go on phr vb Dr Horatio: Well, there’s things like book sales. In fact the second a pastime n to happen a hobby a garden show n biggest selling author of the past decade is Dave a gnome n an event in which people show their best a small plastic or porcelain (ceramic) man flowers, and there are prizes Hessian, the author of the Expert Gardening guides that British people put in gardens a leek n a garden centre n a long, green vegetable. It is used to that have sold more than 42 million copies world a large shop that sells things for your make the cold soup vichyssoise garden an aubergine n wide. Incidentally, the most popular in the series is a theme park n a large, purple vegetable a park (like Disney World) with lots of fun a lawn n The House Plant Expert, which has sold more than 11 things to do the area of grass in your garden the National Trust n to poke at phr vb million copies. an official organisation that is in charge to touch with your fingers as a way of of famous buildings, parks, etc investigating something Jane: So, do you think this is a class thing? a class thing n something related to the class system Dr Horatio: Well, many people think so. For example there is the (working class, upper class, etc) Chelsea Flower Show, which is quite a posh event, isn’t it really? But apart from that, it’s just about everyone who does gardening; and British gardening 36 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

WORDSEARCH See if you can identify the word below. Then, try to find these words (here on the right) in the Wordsearch. WORDSEARCH Good luck! Answers on page 46. DERANGED, POND, JOGGING, SHED, BRAKE, DIG, QUOTE, HOSE, HOST, SCEPTICAL, LAWN, HEIR, DESPISE, BUTCHER MATCHING See if you can match the two columns. Answers on page 46. A: Deranged 1. A famous sentence or phrase from a book B: Jogging 2. To hate C: To brake 3. A long tube. Water comes out of it D: A quote 4. Mad, insane, crazy E: To host 5. The person who is going to inherit houses and wealth F: A lawn 6. A small building with just one room for keeping tools, pots, etc G: To despise in the garden H: A pond 7. An area of ground with grass on it I: A shed 8. A person who works in a shop that sells meat J: To dig 9. If you are like this, you don’t believe something K: A hose 10. A man-made area of water in the garden L: Sceptical 11. To organise and promote an event M: An heir 12. The sport of running in order to get healthy and fit N: A butcher 13. To make a hole in the ground 14. To stop Practice English 1,000 words & expressions in Tap here to buy! Conversations 30 typical English conversational situations. Improve your English speaking and skills! For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 37

ENGLISH ACCENTS IN HOLLYWOOD ENGLISHACCENTSINHOLLYWOOD For decades now, Hollywood has been making films with goodies and baddies. Which ones do you prefer? These days there’s a new trend to use actors with posh English accents as the baddies. Why is this? Russians and Germans of the intellectual psycho: Hannibal Lecter. Here are some other films featuring baddies with English accents: Films with goodies and baddies are much easier to follow. It’s Basil Rathbone in The Mark of Zorro all so simple as the world is divided up into light and dark, Christopher Lee in Star Wars: Attack of the Clones, and The Lord of night and day, and good and evil. Traditionally the goodie is the the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring good-looking man or woman; and the baddie is the ugly one who David Warner in Titanic (not the version with Leonardo Di Carprio) smokes. Accents have also played an important part in identifying James Mason in North by Northwest, Salem’s Lot and The Verdict the goodies and the baddies. Jeremy Irons in Die Hard With a Vengeance and The Lion King Just after World War 2 the baddies were the ones with heavy Jonathan Hyde in Jumanji German accents. Then, during the Cold War, they had east Peter Cushing in Star Wars European accents. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was Richard Attenborough in Jurassic Park the turn of the South Africans. But more recently, it’s been the Sir Ian McKellen in X-Men English. And the English accent most commonly used is a posh, Now turn over and see two extracts from a film with an English upper-middle-class one. actor as a baddy. If you’ve ever heard actors such as Laurence Olivier, Jeremy Irons, and James Mason, or people such as Prince Charles and the Queen GLOSSARY speaking in English, you’ll know which accent we’re talking about. For many British and American people this accent has a ring of a goody n else sophistication, cruelty and evil about it. It’s symptomatic of calculating adj arrogance and snobbishness, and it’s the accent most associated the hero of a film always planning on how to get things with the image of the English as cold, calculating and superior. without thinking about other people a baddy n sadistic adj English Actors with a desire to hurt other people the bad person in a film to rape vb So which films have baddies with posh English accents? There are to sexually attack lots of them to choose from. Rob Roy (starring Liam Neeson) is a heavy adj strong a struggle n good example with English actor Tim Roth as the sadistic English a fight gentleman who rapes, kills and steals his way across Scotland. posh adj wipe out phr vb Another film to watch out for is Michael Collins (once again to eliminate starring Liam Neeson), which is all about Ireland’s struggle for upper class, sophisticated independence from the British Empire. Charles Dance plays the part of an English agent with a posh accent who’s been sent to Ireland a ring of sophistication exp if to wipe out the Irish independence movement. Some other good examples include the film Robin Hood - Prince something has a “ring of sophistication” of Thieves (starring Kevin Costner), with the evil sheriff of Nottingham played by English actor Alan Rickman. In this film, the about it, it sounds sophisticated goody is played by Kevin Costner, who has an American accent; and The Silence of the Lambs, with Anthony Hopkins (OK, he’s symptomatic of exp Welsh, but he can speak with an English accent) who plays the role a sign of, an example of snobbishness n thinking that you are superior to everyone 38 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

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ENGLISH BADDIES IN HOLLYWOOD ENGLISHBADDIESINHOLLYWOOD For quite a while now, Hollywood has been using English actors with English accents to play the parts of baddies. And one of their favourites is Alan Rickman (London 1946). He’s starred in numerous films as a baddie, and plays them perfectly as the smooth-talking gentleman with a sadistic nature. Let’s look at Alan Rickman as a baddie in Die Hard (1988). Die Hard The code key, please...? Takagi: It’s useless to you! There are seven safeguards on our “Die Hard” is directed by John McTiernan and stars American actor Bruce Willis. International terrorist Hans Gruber (Alan Rickman) vault, and the code key is only one of them! You’ll never has taken over the Nakatomi corporation building, during an office get it open! party, taking everyone hostage. In this scene, Hans is talking to Hans: Then there’s no reason not to tell it to us. the Nakatomi Corporation president, Mr Takagi. Hans wants to know Theo: I told you... the access codes so he can get his hands on some valuable bonds. Karl: It’s not over yet... Hans: Hans: When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he Hans: It’s a very nice suit, Mr Takagi. It would be a shame to ruin it. I’m going to count to three. There will not be a four. wept. For there were no more worlds to conquer. [The] Give me the code. One, two, three… benefits of a classical education. Oh, that’s beautiful. I Takagi: …I don’t know it. I’m telling you! Get on a jet to Tokyo always enjoyed making models when I was a boy. The and ask the chairman! I’m telling you! You’re just going to exactness, the attention to every conceivable detail... it’s have to kill me? beautiful. Hans: OK.[He shoots Mr Tagaki.] Takagi: Is this what this is all about? Our project in Indonesia? Contrary to what you people may think, we’re going to Search YouTube for “Hans Gruber needs the code” develop that region... not exploit it. GLOSSARY Hans: I believe you. I read the article in Forbes. Mr. Takagi, I could talk about industrialization and men’s fashion all a baddy n Forbes n day, but I’m afraid work must intrude, and my associate, the bad, evil person in a film a magazine all about the rich and famous Theo, has some questions for you. Sort of fill-in-the smooth-talking adj fill-in-the-blanks questions exp blanks questions actually... capable of talking in a very nice and questions that have simple answers. Takagi: I don’t have that code...! You broke in here to access our charming way Literally, a “blank” is a space in some computer? Any information you could get when they wake to take over phr vb text up in Tokyo in the morning, they’ll change it! You won’t be to take control of to blackmail vb able to blackmail our executives or threaten our... to take hostage exp to demand money from someone. If the Hans: SIT DOWN! Mr. Takagi... I’m really not interested in your to take someone as a prisoner in order to money is not paid, something bad will computer. But I need the code key because I am interested demand money, etc happen in the $640 million dollars in negotiable bearer bonds that to get your hands on something to threaten vb you have locked in you vault. And the computer controls exp to promise to do something bad to the vault. to take something so it becomes yours someone Takagi: You want... money? What kind of terrorists are you? a bond n a vault n Hans: Who said we were terrorists? [inaudible chatting as an official certificate that is issued by a strong box or room where it is safe to John McClane (Bruce Willis) enters the room secretly.] the government or company and which keep money has a value a safeguard n to weep vb if something has a “safeguard”, it has a to cry security system to protect it a model n a suit n a plastic or wooden object that looks like clothing that consists of trousers and a the original but is much smaller jacket of the same material and colour 40 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

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THE INTERVIEW The Inter viewUS Style (American English) There may come a time when you apply for a job with an American company. And you may get called for an interview. What will it be like? What will they ask you? And how can you best prepare yourself. Here are some guidelines to help you get through an interview in the States. By Andrea Lazipone 1. Before you go to your interview, rehearse with a friend. As silly 6. Listen intently and communicate what you want to say in the as you may feel, it actually works. And if you’re really good, least number of words possible. Keep it short but sweet, and maybe the acting business is for you. always be positive. 2. As you are going to the interview, put yourself in a state of 7. Eyes are meant to be looked at. In the US, eye contact is relaxed concentration. Take notice of your breathing. Calm the important. You should appear serious and interested in what nerves in your stomach. And don’t listen to the voices in your the interviewer has to say. But be careful not to stare too much head telling you to drive into the nearest tree. because that’s “kinda creepy”. 3. Arrive at the interview early. When you get there, it is 8. Try to tell the truth on your resumé, which of course, you customary to shake the interviewer’s hand. Avoid kissing. haven’t forgotten to bring with you to the interview. Also, After the initial shake, there should be no more physical don’t lie to your interviewer, unless you’re sure that no one can contact… until the handshake at the end of the interview. find out. 4. Be prepared to answer the question, “Tell me about yourself.” 9. To Americans, salary is one of the most important parts of the And make sure to relate everything to the company you are job. To the interviewer it is not, so don’t mention it during interviewing for. Remember to only tell the interviewer the kind the interview. Other things to keep quiet about are vacations, of things you would like to tell your mother. bonuses and retirements. 5. The story goes like this: a man walks in for an interview and 10. Send a “thank you” card or e-mail after the interview, especially the nametag on the desk says Dumass. Then, the man then if you think it’s gone well. Cards are very popular in the US, proceeds to say, “Hi Mr. Dumb Ass, pleased to meet you.” and they’re a nice way of saying, “Don’t forget about me!” The moral: check out names beforehand. English names are It also shows that you are determined to get the job. sometimes confusing, so it is a good idea to ask the secretary the correct pronunciation of your interviewer’s last name. (Please turn to page 24 for some interview horror stories) 42 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

AUDIO DICTIONARY OF SLANG Dictionary of slang Here we’ve got some examples of how to say things in different situations. > Situation Formal Relaxed Informal Please take down what I I’d take a note of this Jot this down You are talking to a am saying friend. You are about to Pull the door to next Were you born in a barn, say something important Please remember to close time or what? Were you born and you advise your the door next time in a field? friend to write it down: I’d like the person I would like the culprit responsible to own up Just come clean A friend leaves the room to openly declare his or and doesn’t close the her guilt She gave me a real door. You are angry tongue lashing; she about this: ripped me to pieces Money has been the ladies disappearing from the He’s a bit of a hit with office. You want the the girls person responsible to admit his/her guilt: She’ll have you for breakfast; she’ll have You are describing how She launched a tirade of She really let me have it your guts for garters; the president verbally verbal abuse against me she’ll make mincemeat attacked you: of you A friend of yours is very Women find him very He’s really popular with We lost five games on the handsome and attracts charming trot; we lost five games on many women: the bounce A friend is going to She will deal with you in You won’t be any match a meeting with the a very violent manner for her president. The president is a very aggressive woman and you are sure there will be a lot of shouting: You are describing to a We lost five games We lost five games in friend how your football consecutively a row team lost five games, one after the other: G L O S S A R Y Please note that the words in this glossary box are literal translations of parts of idiomatic expressions. to jot vb guts n mincemeat n to write your insides, including your internal organs meat that has been cut into very small pieces. a barn n a garter n This is often used to make hamburgers a building for animals a piece of material that is worn on the top part of to rip to pieces exp to own up phr vb your leg to stop your stockings falling down to break something into many, many pieces to say you are responsible for a crime For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 43

BRITISH BAR CHAT Authentic conversations by native British speakers AUDIO British bar chat Pets This month two British men, Nick and Kerry, are talking about GLOSSARY pets, and the pros and cons of keeping them. Listen to their conversation and answer these questions. Remember, you a pet n people often say this to check that the don’t have to understand every word in order to answer the an animal that lives in your house with you other person is understanding questions. Just listen for the key words (the most important er/erm exp a busy road n words in the conversation): this is the noise that people make as they a road with many cars on it are thinking what to say next gonna abbr 1. According to the speakers, what are the arguments in favour ages n going to of having a pet? for a long time l ke exp for God’s sake exp inform people often use this when they are 2. What are the arguments against having a pet? this expression is used to show you are thinking about what to say next. It is used angry about something to fill space in a conversation and doesn’t Nick: Oh, I, er, got my son a pet dog for his birthday. miles away exp mean anything Kenny: A pet? A dog. far away cute adj Nick: Yeah. you know exp nice and attractive Kenny: A dog? For your son? Nick: He’s been wanting that pet for ages and ages. He’s so happy. You should see him now playing with it all day. Kenny: But you live in the middle of the city, for God’s sake. Nick: Well my son, you know, he needs something, he needs something to play with. You know he can’t go out because all of his friends live miles away. Kenny: But an animal’s a living thing. It’s not, it’s not a plaything for, for someone’s kid. I mean, you know, it’s, it’s cruel. Nick: Well, it’s helping my son to learn how to care for things. I think, you know, it’s the best thing for my son. Kenny: That’s great, but if you can’t care for it, it’s a big dog living in the centre of the city. It’s just, it’s just going to suffer, isn’t it? Nick: Well he’s got no friends. You know, he goes out, there’s a big busy road there, he can’t play in the street, all his friends live, you know, he’s got, he’s, he’s only five and he can’t, you know, get on the bus and go see them so I thought a dog would be his best friend from now on. Kenny: No, he’s, he’s just, he’s not even gonna know how to treat it. Anyway, you’re going to have to teach him, and it’s just, like, it’s just [there’s] no room for him to exercise. I mean, you know, what, what’s he going to do? Nick: Well, it’s the best thing. And also there’s studies that say that having a pet reduces stress level, makes you, you can live longer, makes you healthier. Kenny: Well, it does if the animal, if the animal’s healthy, like, out in the country where it can run around in the field. Nick: Oh, here he is. Oh, look! Here he comes. Here boy! Here boy! Kenny: Oh, he’s so cute. Here boy! Oh, look I think he might… Oh, isn’t he so cute? Oh I’m getting one of these. Nick: Yeah, I can see you now. You’ll have one next week. 44 / / Looking for a quality English-language course abroad? Contact [email protected]

PHRASALVERBSTOGIVE The verb “to give” has many different uses. Generally, we use this verb to refer to offering something. PHRASALVERBS For example: “I gave him 30 euros.” Now let’s see some phrasal verbs with the verb “to give”. Mum, they were To give away = to give Are you going to giving these something to someone give in, or are puppies away and for free (this phrasal we going to have I couldn’t resist a verb can be separated) fight again? couple. I hope you don’t mind. To give in = to give something to To give in = to someone; to deliver an important document accept that you (this phrasal verb can be separated) can’t win in a competition, But it’s Friday fight, etc (this today! There goes phrasal verb our weekend! cannot be separated) I want you to give this 10,000-word To give up (a project in next bad habit) = Monday. to stop doing something (this phrasal verb can be separated) I’ll have to give up smoking. To give up (fighting) I suppose I have = to surrender and to give my seat stop fighting (this up, don’t I? phrasal verb cannot OK, OK, I be separated) give up! Apparently he’s been To give up (a seat) = to in that jungle for 70 offer your seat to someone years. He never heard on a bus/train, etc (this that the war was over. phrasal verb can be separated) For fantastic Video-Phone classes, e-mail [email protected] / / 45

Answers Hot Staff ANSWERS UK / US WORDS CROSSWORD Directors 1. Apartment = flat; 2. attorney = lawyer; 3. baby carriage = pram; 4. a bell pepper = a green/red Managing Director pepper; 5. candy = sweets; 6. cookies = biscuits; Thorley Russell (00 34 91 543 3573) 7. can = toilet; 8. closet = cupboard [email protected] DR FINGERS’ PRONUNCIATION Editorial Director 1a 2b 3a 4a 5b 6b 7a 8b 9a 10b Andy Coney (00 34 91 543 3573) [email protected] THE WEATHER 1. like; 2. dropped; 3. feel; 4. black; 5. umbrella; Finance 6. raincoat; 7. colder; 8. year Financial Director Leigh Dante (00 34 91 549 8523) Pam: What’s the weather like outside? [email protected] Becky: It’s freezing. Classes Department Pam: Really? (00 34 91 455 0273) [email protected] Becky: Yeah, the temperature has dropped, Teacher Coordinator and it’s really windy. [email protected] Accounts manager Pam: Oh, yes, the wind. That always makes it [email protected] feel about 10º colder than it really is. Is Administration Department it raining? Subscriptions (9:30-13:00) [email protected] Becky: Yes, a little bit, and the clouds are [email protected] Credit control and administration looking pretty black. 9:00 - 2pm (by e-mail thereafter) Office hours 10am to 6pm (Spanish time) Pam: So, do you think I should take an umbrella? ANIMAL MATCHING 1c 2a 3l 4b 5e 6d 7i 8g 9f 10j 11h 12k Barcelona office (Hot English) Becky: Oh, yes. And put on a raincoat and TYPICAL DIALOGUES [email protected] your wellies. 1. The stranger puts the garden gnome’s head in Seville office (Hot English) Pam: OK. Becky: And put some thermals the ground, destroys the vegetable patch and smashes some plant pots. [email protected] on too. They say it’s going to get even 2. At the end of the dialogue, the man offers to make some tea. This is strange because the Editorial Department colder. man is in someone else’s house. James Conway assistant editor Pam: I know. I heard it may snow later. Vanesa Carosia design Patrick Dempster writer Becky: Yeah. Possibly, although that would be Steve Brown writer Christine Saunders writer a bit strange for this time of year. Louisa Staines writer Pam: We live in strange times. Contributors Becky: True. Magnus Jones proof reading Marcie Peters proof reading CRANK CALLS WORDSEARCH Natalia Smith proof reading Crank call I: the two main problems with the car Laurent Guiard French depart. are that it has no doors and no wheels. Peter Time proof reading Crank call II: the school probably wasn’t impressed Danielle Ott intern because the caller couldn’t remember the name Georgina Brown intern of the orchestra, and the only instrument he knew Rayner Taylor intern was the electric organ. Vanessa Simmonds writer Petra Bates writer 24 USEFUL ACRONYMS IN ENGLISH! MATCHING Slim Pickens special intern A4 B12 C14 D1 E11 F7 G2 H10 I6 J13 K3 L9 M5 N8 Nick Hargreaves writer 1 What do the acronym stand for? 1. UFO = Unidentified flying object BRITISH BAR CHAT Printing 2. WHO = World Health Organization 1. The arguments in favour of having a pet are that 3. NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Printerman his son needs someone to play with because Administration his friends live far away; it’s helping his son to Audio Production 4. EFL = English as a foreign language learn how to care for things; there are studies 5. SUV = Sports utility vehicle that say that having a pet reduces stress levels HEP 6. SWOT = Strengths, weaknesses, and makes you live longer; and having a pet also makes you healthier. ISSN 1577-7898 opportunities, threats 2. The arguments against having a pet are that the Depósito Legal M.14277.2001 7. AM = Ante meridiem dog will have to live in the middle of the city; a April 2022 8. DIY = Do it yourself pet isn’t a play thing; it’s cruel; the dog is going 9. NATO = North Atlantic Treaty Organization to suffer; and the young boy is not going to Published by Hot English Publishing, S.L. 10. ASAP = As soon as possible know how to treat the dog well. C/Extremadura, 21 - 1ª planta, 11. CC = Carbon copy oficina 1, Madrid 28011, Spain 12. IT = Information technology Phone: (00 34) 91 549 8523 13. BCC = Blind carbon copy Fax: (00 34) 672 317 912 2 Guess the acronym [email protected] 1. B2C (Business-to-consumer / Business-to-customer) Skype: hotenglishgroup 2. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) 3. HR (Human resources) 4. ID (identification) 5. UN (United Nations) French material by Hot English: 6. EU (European Union) 7. R&D (Research & Development) 8. B2B (Business-to-business) Cover/magazine images: 9. PM (post meridiem) 10. FAQs (Frequently asked questions) 11. VIP (Very important person) 12. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) What is Hot English? A monthly magazine for improving your English. Real English in genuine contexts. Slang. British English. Practical language. US English. Fun and easy-to-read. Helpful glossaries. Useful expressions. Readers from 16 to 105 years old. From pre-intermediate to advanced (CEF levels A2-C1). Ready-to-use lessons. Fantastic 60-minute audio CD. Teacher’s Notes. Linked to the Skills Booklets and part of the Hot English Method. Great website with free material: All the English you’ll ever need! 46 / / Contact us for fantastic online classes for your company, wherever you are: [email protected]

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Clases Language classes for companies! d¡paera suisnemgplleéadsos!... GRATIS¡uPnpaabrauagrsharinooaebssrtsuiat@se,ldeneacmeeronrphpnosrrtteuueansecgclabtisle!haa.:csoem ¿Está buscando clases de inglés para su empresa? Encontrar una academia que mantenga a sus estudiantes motivados, que provea excelentes materiales, y que ofrezca un servicio profesional no es tarea fácil. Sin embargo, ¡Learn Hot English tiene la solución! ¡Nuestros dinámicos cursos al igual Si le gustan nuestros materiales, ¿por qué que nuestros materiales le darán a no se registra con nosotros para obtenerlas sus empleados el lenguaje necesario para comunicar en inglés! GRATIS para su empresa? ¡Clases presenciales en España y clases virtuales en todo el mundo! eHqfaeuopcnettrupiEehvernnDea“osdmLsgatgr.iavlrzCioolisCseadaasshsomjc-eeaenclhdxbadsutPpiarssoatrrirueneedusnecrysdgastissesiedoidniai,ndrsoUinnIstcfobniotefcineeriamvomvruas.ieann”atarudhacsiyodaidetnroyre,o, ¿Por qué no intentarlo con nosotros? Le daremos una hora de prueba GRATIS (sin obligación) con uno de nuestros profesores de inglés. PULSE AQUÍ !para su clase gratis¡ Donde sea que se encuentre tu empresa, nosotros te podemos ayudar. ¡Contáctanos ahora y ponnos a prueba! (00 34) 91 421 7886 [email protected]

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