Volleyball Drills 17
~handbook~ VOLLEYBA LL PHYSICAL EDUCATION By: Margielyn Villalon 11- Watt
The 1 History of Volleyball Timeline 1896 1895 THE FIRST EXHIBITION MATCH OF WILLIAM G. MORGAN (1870-1942) VOLLEYBALL IS PLAYED AT CREATED THE GAME OF SPRINGFIELD COLLEGE (CALLED VOLLEYBALL BUT CALLED THE INTERNATIONAL YMCA TRAINING GAME MINTONETTE. SCHOOL IN 1896). 1900 1916 A SPECIAL BALL WAS DESIGNED IN THE PHILIPPINES, AN OFFENSIVE FOR THE SPORT. STYLE OF PASSING THE BALL IN A HIGH 1917 TRAJECTORY TO BE STRUCK BY THE GAME WAS CHANGED FROM 21 TO 15 POINTS. ANOTHER PLAYER (THE SET AND SPIKE) 1922 WERE INTRODUCED. 1920 THE FIRST YMCA NATIONAL THREE HITS PER SIDE AND BACK ROW CHAMPIONSHIPS WERE HELD IN ATTACK RULES WERE INSTITUTED. BROOKLYN, NY. 27 TEAMS FROM 11 STATES WERE REPRESENTED. 1928 1930 IT BECAME CLEAR THAT TOURNAMENTS AND RULES WERE NEEDED, THE UNITED STATES THE FIRST TWO-MAN BEACH VOLLEYBALL ASSOCIATION (USVBA, NOW USA VOLLEYBALL GAME IS PLAYED IN VOLLEYBALL) WAS FORMED. THE FIRST U.S. OPEN SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA. WAS STAGED, AS THE FIELD WAS OPEN TO NON- YMCA SQUADS. 1937 1934 AT THE AAU CONVENTION IN BOSTON, ACTION WAS TAKEN TO RECOGNIZE THE THE APPROVAL AND RECOGNITION OF U.S. VOLLEYBALL ASSOCIATION AS THE NATIONAL VOLLEYBALL REFEREES. OFFICIAL NATIONAL GOVERNING BODY (NGB) IN THE U.S.
William C. Morga 2 n 1870—1942 William Morgan invented volleyball in 1895 at the Holyoke, Massachusetts, YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association) where he served as Director of Physical Education. Morgan originally called his new game of Volleyball, Mintonette
Rules of the Game 3 Volleyball 6 players on a team, 3 on the front row and 3 on the back row Maximum of three hits per side Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (A block is not considered a hit) Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on a serve A ball hitting a boundary line is \"in\" A ball is \"out\" if it hits. an antennae,the floor completely outside the court,any of the net or cables outside the antennae,the referee stand or pole,the ceiling above a non-playable area,
Rules of the Game 4 Volleyball It is legal to contact the ball with any part of a players body It is illegal to catch, hold, or throw the ball If two or more players contact the ball at the same time, it is considered one play and either player involved may make the next contact (provided the next contact isn't the teams 4th hit) A player can not block or attack a serve from on or inside the 10 foot line After the serve, front line players may switch positions at the net At higher competition, the officiating crew may be made up of two refs, line judges, scorer, and an assistant scorer
Basic Volleyball 5 rules violation Volleyball Touching the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play. Exception: If the ball is driven into the net with such force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in play. When attacking a ball coming from the opponents court, contacting the ball whenreaching over the net is a violation if the ball hasn't yet broken the vertical plane of the net. Crossing the court centerline with any part of your body. Exception: if it's the hand or foot, the entire hand or entire foot must cross for it to be a violation. Back row player attacking a ball inside the front zone ( the area inside the 10 foot line), when at the moment of contact the ball is completely above the net (an illegal attack).
6 Volleyball court Dimension The game is played on a volleyball court 18 meters (59 feet) long and 9 meters (29.5 feet) wide, divided into two 9 m × 9 m halves by a one-meter (40-inch) wide net placed so that the top of the net is 2.43 meters (7 feet 11 5/8 inches) above the center of the court for men's competition, and 2.24 meters (7 feet 4 1/8 inches) for women's competition (these heights are varied for veterans and junior competitions).
7 Volleyball free zone Dimension The free zone is the area outside the court that players may enter to make a play on the ball. The free zone should be at least 3 meters wide from the court. The court boundary line is part of the court, so if the ball lands on the line, the ball is in. For FIVB, world and official competitions, the free zone measures a minimum of 5m from the side lines and 8m from the ends lines. The free playing space is a minimum of 7m high from the playing surface.
8 NET HEIGHT The international net heights for sitting volleyball teams are 3 feet 9.28 inches or 1.15 meters for men's teams, and 3 feet 5.34 inches or 1.05 meters for women's teams. NUMBER OF PLAYERS There are six players on court in a volleyball team, who each must rotate one position clockwise every time their team wins back service from the opposition. THE ACTUAL SERVE Hold the ball in the hand opposite your serving arm. Bring the ball in front of your serving arm's shoulder while still keeping your hips square to the net Gently toss the volleyball two to four feet high, in front of your serving shoulder. Step towards the tossed ball with the foot opposite your serving side. ON SCREENING The “screening“ rule in volleyball means that the volleyball players in positions 2, 3 and 4 (close to the net) from a team that is to make a starting action (a serve) interfere with their bodies or their hands and prevent the opponent's receivers to have a clear view on the server. ROTATION & POSITION Each player rotates one spot—the left front rotates to the middle front position, the middle front rotates to the right-front position, the right front rotates to the right-back position and so on. The new right back serves the ball.
9 SCORING Volleyball is very different to most sports as the first four sets are played to 25 points, but if the match goes to a fifth MATCHES set this game is only played to 15 points. In order to win a VIOLATIONS set, a team must win by two clear points, and as there is no ceiling to a game it could theoretically go on forever! Matches are played best of five sets. The first four sets are played to 25 points, with the final set being played to 15 points. A team must win a set by two points. There is no ceiling, so a set continues until one of the teams gains a two-point advantage. Hitting the ball two times in a row, stepping over the service line on a serve, reaching over the net (unless during a block or follow-through of a spike), reaching under the net. BLOCKING Blocking is a skill wherein the player deflects the ball from the opponent. The goal is to prevent a successful attack and the other team from scoring a point. The blocker's job is to block the spiked ball so that it goes back to the opposing team's side of the court. Blocking is a defensive play. ROTATIONAL FAULT A rotation fault is committed when the service is not made according to the rotation order. The results are the same as a position fault. b. All points scored subsequently by the team at fault must be canceled. POSITIONAL FAULT Position Faults a. The players of a team commit a position fault if they are not in their correct positions at the moment THE LIBERO the ball is contacted by the server. b. If the server commits an illegal service at the moment of contact with the ball, that fault prevails over a position fault and is penalized. A libero (LEE'-beh-ro) in indoor volleyball is a back-row defensive specialist. Since they only play in the back row, those players are often shorter than the front-row blockers and hitters but have impeccable ball-control skills. The position was created to promote ball-control.
1o equipments and facilities
Tactical Skills 13 Mastery of the technical skills of volleyball is important, but athletes must also learn the tactics of the game. Tactical skills are defined as “the decisions and actions of players in the contest to gain an advantage over the opposing team or players” (Martens, Successful Coaching, p. 170). Basic volleyball resources might focus on the technical skills of the game and may overlook the tactical aspects. Coaches even omit tactical considerations from practice because they focus so intently on teaching technical skills. For volleyball players to develop better as overall players, they need to learn techniques and tactics together. One way you can approach tactical skills is by focusing on three critical aspects, “the tactical triangle”:* Reading the play or situation Acquiring the knowledge needed to make an appropriate tactical decision Applying correct decision-making skills to the problems at the correct time ute those decisions (while maintaining their execution of the related technical skills) in the game.
Officiating Volleyball 14 Spotlight is on the teams, not the officiating. Allow the game to progress as smoothly as possible. Your primary job is to have the match go as smoothly as possible with little interference from officials.Strive for consistency. Never \"even up\" when you have made a mistake. If you make a mistake, let it go and continue to do the best you can. Don't let complaints bother you or break your concentration. Some of the best matches will bring you the most complaints.Be friendly and courteous, but also firm. Don't let players, coaches, and the crowd influence your decisions. Listen to any reasonable inquiry, but don't allow constant questioning about your calls.Review rules and situations which tend to cause controversy. Read the rulebook, ask a clinician, or anyone that you feel can give you the needed answer. Rules that commonly cause problems are time-out for injury, simultaneous contact by opponents, illegal improper requests for subs, libero player situations, and back court attacker/blocker rules. The officiating crew should be officiating volleyball as a team. Work together with your other officials. Cooperate as closely as possible. Give each other active support.
Basic Skills 15 The Six Basic Volleyball Skills There are six basic skills….setting, spiking, passing, digging, and serving. Setter A setters main job is to set spikers. This is done by waiting for a teammate to pass the ball to them. Spiker A spiker (attacker) is a player that attacks a ball over the net. The spiker is a front row player and their main job is to spike balls at the net down into the opponents court. Passer A passer is a player that passes the ball up to the setter. The better a passer is able to pass, the easier it is for the setter to set the spiker which results in a better attack by the spiker and the more likely the ball is hit down into the opponents court for a point. Digger A digger is a defensive player that passes the ball up to the setter. The digger is skilled at digging hard driven spikes and chasing down off-speed shots (attacks) by the opponent. Server The server is the player on the team that puts the ball into play to start the rally. The players that understand how to play volleyball the best are typically the best servers on the team.
Volleyball Drills 16
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Volleyball Drills 17