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Monthly Pib August 2019

Published by aspireiasmainskunji, 2020-06-10 14:39:52

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pg. 1 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 PIB Monthly Magazine (AUGUST- 2019) Copyright ©Aspire IAS All rights are reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of Aspire lAS. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 2 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 ASPIRE IAS PIB INDEX SR. NO. TOPIC NAME PAGE NO. 1. Bye Elections to the Legislative Councils 3 2. 3 3 Government to support India’s IT Industry 5 4 6 KABIL Set up to Ensure Supply of Critical Minerals 5 7 6 Parliament passes the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) 8 7 Amendment Bill, 2019 9 8 10 Rajya Sabha Passes The Code on Wages Bill, 2019 9 11 10 World Breastfeeding Week 1st – 7th August 12 11 13 12 DRDO successfully flight-tests QRSAM 14 13 15 14 Government brings Resolution to Repeal Article 370 of the 16 15 Constitution 17 16 20 SC issues notice to T.N., Karnataka on EWS Quota The First Session of Parliament After General Elections ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ Drive Women Transforming India Awards One Nation One Ration Card International Electric Vehicle Conclave 22nd National e-Governance Conference, 2019 Swachh Survekshan 2020 Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 3 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 17 22 Chakra series awards 18 23 Four New Products get GI Tag 27 19 Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy Released 20 29 Make in India in Defence 21 34 Meeting of Western Zonal Council 22 38 ANUBHAV Awards, 2019 23 41 Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy, 2019 24 45 Cabinet approves MoU between India and Gambia 25 49 Aqua Aquaria India 2019 26 51 National Lab Directory 27 53 ‘Gallery of Confiscated and Retrieved Antiquities’ inaugurated at Purana Qila Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 4 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  another 1/3rd by electorates consisting of Bye Elections to the Legislative members of municipalities, district boards and Councils other local authorities in the state  1/12th by an electorate consisting of teachers Context  and 1/12th by registered graduates  There are casual vacancies created in the  The remaining members are nominated by the Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh, Governor from among those who have Telangana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. distinguished themselves in literature, science, art, the cooperative movement, and social What does casual vacancy mean? service.  When the seat of a member elected to a  Legislative Councils are permanent Houses, legislative house becomes vacant, due to and like Rajya Sabha, one-third of their members resignation, death, etc. Then this causes casual retire every two years. vacancy and a bye-election is held within six months from the date of the occurrence of the Government to support India’s IT vacancy. Industry About Legislative Councils Context  Our constitution does not force a bicameral  Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and legislature on states. Railways, Piyush Goyal,held a meeting with senior managers of IT companies in New Delhi  It gives states the option of having a second House. As of today, seven states have Legislative About the Industry Councils. These are Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra  India’s IT industry contributed 7.7% to the Pradesh and Telangana. country’s GDP in FY 2017 and is expected to contribute 10% of India’s GDP by 2025.  Under Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament  The United States account for 2/3rds of India’s may by law create or abolish the second chamber IT services exports. in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special  India is the largest exporter of IT services in the majority. world and exports dominate the Indian IT industry and constitutes about 79% of the total revenue of Election to Legislative Councils the industry.  India’s IT service sector is now gearing up to be  Membership may vary, but the Legislative the digital partner of intelligent automation like Council must not have more than a third of the smart algorithms, bots and AI tools, which arefast total membership of the Assembly of that state, becoming a part of every industry and an and in no case fewer than 40 members. increasingly digital world.  The exception is J&K, where the Legislative Challenges and support Council has 36 members vide Section 50 of the constitution of the state.  About 1/3rd of members are elected by  the representatives of the companies informed members of the Assembly that although the Chinese IT services market is the third largest in the world India’s investments Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 5 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 and business have not been able to grow in  Reconciliation of cash balance of Union China. Government with Reserve Bank in general and, in particular, of Reserve Deposits pertaining to Civil  This is due to various non-tariff barriers and Ministries or Departments; challenges faced by Indian companies to set up their entity in China.  Overseeing the maintenance of adequate standards of accounting by Central Civil Accounts  Market access issues that create hurdles for Offices; Indian companies to open their business in China was also discussed.  Consolidation of monthly accounts, preparation  Government of India will give all support for the of review of trends of revenue realization and global growth of India’s flagship industry and will significant features of expenditure etc and make all efforts to facilitate the IT service industry preparation of annual accounts, the annual and for that it is ready to engage with China and receipts and disbursements. also Japan and Korea  Administration of Central Treasury Rules and  Commerce and Industry Minister urged India’s Central Government Account (Receipt and IT services companies to explore other markets Payment Rules 1983); and not be inhibited in operating in countries that are non-English speaking.  Coordination and assistance in the introduction of management accounting system in Civil Ministries or Departments; Mr. Girraj Prasad Gupta takes over  Cadre management of Group ‘A’ (Indian Civil as the CGA Accounts Service) and Group ‘B’ Officers of the Central Civil Accounts Offices; Context  Matters relating to the Central Civil Accounts Mr. Girraj Prasad Gupta took over as the staff belonging to Group ‘C’ and ‘D’; Controller General of Accounts (CGA) in national  Disbursement of Pension through Public Sector capital. Banks (PSBs) in respect of Central Civil Pensioners, Freedom Fighters, High Court Controller General of Accounts (CGA) Judges, Ex-M.P.s and Ex-Presidents.  The Principal Advisor on Accounting matters to KABIL Set up to Ensure Supply of the Union Government Critical Minerals  Responsible for establishing and managing a Context technically sound Management Accounting System  Responsible for preparation and submission of  A joint venture company namely Khanij Bidesh the accounts of the Union Government India Ltd. (KABIL) is to be set up  Responsible for exchequer control and internal About KABIL audits Duties and responsibilities of CGA  The company is set up with the participation of three Central Public Sector Enterprises namely,  General principles of Government accounting National Aluminium Company Ltd.(NALCO), relating to Union or State Governments and form Hindustan Copper Ltd.(HCL) and Mineral of accounts, and framing or revision of rules and Exploration Company Ltd. (MECL). manuals relating thereto; Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 6 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  KABIL is to ensure a consistent supply of  President Conde conveyed support for India’s critical and strategic minerals to Indian domestic candidacy as non-permanent member of the market. UN Security Council for the term 2021 – 2022.  While KABIL would ensure mineral security of  MoUs were signed on: the Nation, it would also help in realizing the  cooperation in the field of traditional system of overall objective of import substitution. medicine and homeopathy (between both governments)  The KABIL would carry out identification,  for Participation in the e-VBAB Network Project acquisition, exploration, development, mining and (between the Govt. of Guinea and processing of strategic minerals overseas for Telecommunications Consultants India Limited) commercial use and meeting country’s  on cooperation in the field of renewable energy requirement of these minerals. (between both governments)  The sourcing of these minerals or metals is to Mizoram Citrus Fruit “Centre of done by creating trading opportunities, G2G Excellence” collaborations with the producing countries or strategic acquisitions or investments in the Context: exploration and mining assets of these minerals in the source countries. The Minister for the Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) Dr. Jitendra Singh was  The new company will help in building met by the Mizoram Environment, Forest & partnerships with other mineral rich countries like Climate Change Minister, Mr. T.J. Lalnuntluanga. Australia and those in Africa and South America, where Indian expertise in exploration and mineral Details: processing will be mutually beneficial bringing about new economic opportunities. President of India in Guinea  The “Centre of Excellence” for Citrus Fruit (COE) became functional in 2018 and is Context: located at Lunglei in Mizoram. The President Mr. Ramnath Kovind is on a visit to  It is availing Israeli technology. Benin, Gambia and Guinea. On 1st August, he reached landed in Conakry, Guinea, becoming  The centre has started providing planting the first Indian Head of State to visit the West material and training to farmers with collaboration African country. from Israel. Details:  Some officials from Mizoram have already been trained in Israel.  President Kovind met the President of Guinea, Prof Alpha Conde.  The technical support, planting material and  Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to capacity building is being provided by Israel and reformed multilateralism and for comprehensive the Centre (COE) specializes in exclusively reforms of the UN Security Council to make it dealing with the processing of Citrus Fruits. more representative, accountable, transparent, inclusive and effective.  This initiative followed a tripartite agreement between the GOI, the Government of Israel and the State Government of Mizoram. National School of Drama Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 7 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Context:  Declaring an organization as a terrorist Vice President of India, Mr. M Venkaiah Naidu organization will not stop the individuals behind it. will attend the convocation ceremony of the National School of Drama (NSD) on 5th August.  The Minister said that only those individuals who participate in terrorist activities, aid those About the National School of Drama (NSD) indulging in such activities, propagate the ideology of terrorism and members of known  NSD is an autonomous institution fully terrorist organizations will be declared as financed by the Ministry of Culture. terrorists after this amendment is passed.  It was established in 1959 as a part of  The Amendment gives powers to DG, NIA to the Sangeet Natak Akademi. attach properties acquired from proceeds of terrorism.  It became an independent entity in 1975.  Currently, the law requires that NIA take prior  It offers a 3-year, full-time, residential permission from the respective state DGP to training program in every aspect of theatre with a attach the proceeds of terrorism. This delays the special focus on the practical implementation of process as often such properties are in different theories. states, the Minister added.  There are two performing wings of NSD –  Earlier, officers of ranks DSP and above were the Repertory Company and Theatre-in- empowered to investigate cases under UAPA as Education Company (TiE) that started in 1964 per Section 43. The Amendment seeks to and 1989, respectively. empower officers with the rank of inspectors and  It had been declared as deemed university above to do the same. by University Grant Commission in 2005. However, National School of Drama has Rajya Sabha Passes The Code on requested the government to declare it as Wages Bill, 2019 institute of national importance and therefore status of deemed university was not accepted. Context: Parliament passes the Unlawful Rajya Sabha passed The Code on Wages Bill, Activities (Prevention) Amendment 2019. Bill, 2019 Details: Context:  It will be the first Code to become an Act out of The Rajya Sabha passed the Unlawful Activities the four Codes: Code on Wages; Industrial (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019. Relations; Social Security and Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions which Details: Ministry of Labour and Employment has formulated.  Home Minister Amit Shah said that terrorism  The aim is to simplify, rationalise and has no religion and individuals of one religion amalgamate various labour laws into four must not be victimized. Labour Codes in line with the recommendations of second National Commission on Labour.  He also said that terrorist acts are committed not by organizations but by individuals.  The bill will ensure statutory protection for minimum wages and timely payment of wages to Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 8 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 approximately 50 crore workers of organized as Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published well as unorganized sector. an Indian Standard for identification, marking and  To do away with regional imbalances and wage labelling of Pashmina products to certify its purity. variations, a floor wage will be determined by a Details: Tripartite Committee. This committee will comprise of:  The certification is intended to help curb the  representatives of Trade Unions adulteration of Pashmina and also protect the  Employers Organizations interests of local artisans and nomads who are  State Governments the producers of Pashmina raw material.  It will also assure purity of the product for Armoured and Specialised Vehicles customers. of Armed/ Paramilitary Forces Exempted from BS-VI Emission  It is also intended to discourage counterfeit or Norms substandard product in the market.  It will also encourage the younger generation of the community to continue in this profession. Context:  The Textiles Minister Ms. Smriti Irani also said that it will ensure better prices for the goat The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has herding community in Ladakh as well as for the issued a notification exempting the armoured and local handloom artisans producing genuine other specialised vehicles of Indian armed forces Pashmina products. and paramilitary forces from the new stringent vehicular emission norms (BS-VI).  The ministry is processing a proposal for funding of Rs. 20 crore for a de-hairing plant for Details: Leh which along with this initiative will lead to progress in the Pashmina sector in Ladakh.  The BS-VI Emission Norms will come into force in April 2020. About Pashmina  The exemption has been made because these  Pashmina is a type of fine cashmere wool. vehicles operate in remote and inhospitable terrains with most challenging operational and  Textiles made out of it were first woven in environmental conditions. Kashmir.  This is also to take care of the security  Pashmina comes from the Persian word for challenges and requirements of specialized “made from wool”. operations.  It was first called “cashmere” because westerners first encountered it in Kashmir.  Further, it is tough to maintain ideal transportation and storage conditions of fuel in  The wool is taken from various breeds of these conditions. Cashmere goat. Pashmina Products Receive BIS  Ladakh produces 50 MT of the finest grade of Certification Pashmina in the world (12-15 microns). Pashmina Herders Context:  The nomadic Pashmina herders live in the hostile and tough terrain of Changthang. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 9 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  They are dependent on Pashmina for their  The chief aim is to encourage breastfeeding and livelihood. improve the health of babies around the world.  Currently, there are 2400 families rearing 2.5 Objectives of WBW: lakh goats. About Changthangi or Pashmina goat 1. To create awareness among parents about breastfeeding  It is a special breed of goat indigenous to the 2. Encourage parents to adopt breastfeeding high altitude regions of Ladakh. 3. Creating awareness about the importance of initiation and exclusive breastfeeding, and  The goat grows a thick, warm undercoat which is adequate and appropriate complementary feeding the source of Kashmir Pashmina wool. 4. Providing advocacy material about the importance of breastfeeding  The goats are generally domesticated and reared by nomadic communities called the Why Breastfeeding in Important? Changpa in the Changthang region of Greater Ladakh.  It promotes better health for mothers and World Breastfeeding Week 1st – 7th children alike. August  It prevents infections like diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections in early infancy and thus Context: reduce infant mortality. The Food and Nutrition Board, under the Women  It decreases the risk of mothers developing and Child Development Ministry is observing the breast cancer, ovarian cancer, type 2 diabetes, World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) by organising a and heart disease. number of activities.  It protects infants from obesity-related illnesses, Details: diabetes and increases IQ.  The theme is “Empower Parents, Enable DRDO successfully flight-tests Breastfeeding”. QRSAM  This year’s focus is on protection, promotion, and support of breastfeeding. Context  Activities planned:  Annaprashan Ceremony  Defence Research Development Organisation  Quiz competition on IYCF (DRDO) today successfully flight-tested its state- About World Breastfeeding Week of-the-art Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles (QRSAM) against live aerial targets from  This is celebrated in the first week of August Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur. (1st – 7th August) every year.  It was first observed in 1992 by World Alliance About QRSAM for Breastfeeding Action (WABA).  It is now observed in 120 nations by the UNICEF  QRSAM is developed by DRDO, with a strike and the WHO. range of 25 km  Its an all weather and all terrain missile.  It can be used used as an anti-sea skimmer from a ship against low flying attacking missiles. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 10 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Another important feature is the counter-  UchhatarAvishkar Yojana (UAY) was announced measures against jamming by enemy aircraft in 2015 with a view to promoting innovation of a higher order that directly impacts the needs of the HRD Minister inaugurates TechEx Industry and thereby improves the competitive edge of Indian manufacturing. Context  UAY projects are funded jointly by MHRD,  Union Human Resource Development Minister, participating Ministries and the Industry Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ inaugurated theTechEx – technology exhibition at IIT Delhi  The scheme focusses on a viable industry- academic collaboration where industry shares a About TechEx part of the cost of research.  TechEx was organized to demonstrate products Government brings Resolution to and prototypes developed under the two flagship Repeal Article 370 of the schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Constitution Development (MHRD) namely IMPacting Research, INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT) Context and UchhatarAvishkar Yojana (UAY).  Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah,  TechEx is a unique effort, which offers an introduced two bills and two resolutions regarding excellent platform to the researchers to showcase Jammu & Kashmir (Js&K) their work and inspire them to do their best in Bills and Resolutions their respective domains. 1. Constitution (Application to Jammu & Kashmir)  some prominent among the exhibits were non- Order, 2019 {Ref. Article 370(1) of Constitution of invasive and low-cost rapid TB diagnostics, India} – issued by President of India to supersede artificial pancreas for closed loop blood glucose the 1954 order related to Article 370. control of type-I diabetic patients, affordable 2. Resolution for Repeal of Article 370 of the cancer diagnosis/treatment, electric vehicle Constitution of India {Ref. Article 370 (3)} charger, etc. 3. Jammu & Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill, 2019 {Ref. Article 3 of Constitution of India} IMPRINT scheme 4. Jammu & Kashmir Reservation (2nd Amendment) Bill, 2019  MPRINT scheme was launched in November, 2015 with a view to providing solutions to the most Significance relevant engineering challenges by translating knowledge into viable technology (products or  Announcing a path-breaking decision by the processes) in 10 selected technology domains. Government, the Government is moving a resolution which would repeal the provisions  The domains are namely health care, energy, under Article 370 of the Constitution of India, sustainable habitat, nano-technology hardware, which granted a special status to the state of water resources and river systems, advanced J&K. materials, Information and Communication  The provisions of Article 370 would cease to Technology, manufacturing, security and defence, exist from the date President of India issues a and environmental science and climate change. UchhatarAvishkar Yojana (UAY) Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 11 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 notification in this regard, after the  In a large population, it is the only mechanism to recommendation of the Parliament. provide an accurate match and help people in  Under Article 370(3), there is a provision that reuniting with their families. President, on the recommendation of the  Use of facial recognition technology for various Parliament, has the power to amend or cease the applications, stressing upon the importance of implementation of article 370, through a public identifying tools which would greatly facilitate the notification. investigation of crime and detection of criminals  Consequently, the Constitution of India would and provide information for reuniting missing get applicable to J&K, on par with other children and trafficked persons. states/UTs of the country.  NCRB clarified the doubts related to security ‘Role of Technology in Reuniting breach, reliability and privacy of individuals while Missing Children & Trafficked implementing AFRS (Automated Facial Persons’ Recognition System). AFRS of NCRB will not work on public databases. Context  AFRS results will be further corroborated and  A one-day Workshop on ‘Role of Technology in analysed by collecting other evidences by Reuniting Missing Children & Trafficked Persons’ Investigation Officer before drawing any was jointly organised by National Crime Records conclusions. AFRS will not source facial images from CCTV cameras in public places, unless the video footage is part of the scene of crime. Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, in collaboration SC issues notice to T.N., Karnataka with Indian Police Foundation on EWS Quota About the workshop Context:  The workshop deliberated on the use of The Supreme Court asked the Tamil Nadu and biometrics by law enforcement agencies for the Karnataka governments to reply to a petition identification of persons. seeking that they implement the 10% quota for economically weaker sections (EWS), in addition  Use of biometrics is not a new practice in law to the existing reservation. enforcement; however, it was not as technologically advanced as present-day Background: applications. Rise of computing and electronics have greatly assisted biometric applications to  The 103rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019, become faster, more secure and accurate. granted 10% reservation to the EWS category in government jobs and educational institutions.  Use of biometrics has become a necessity in today’s complex world.  Except for Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, all other State governments have implemented the  It was emphasized that with the use of reservation. biometrics, law enforcement agencies can also locate large number of persons, especially  Tamil Nadu has already granted 69% quota to children who are reported missing. Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes and the Most Backward Classes.  Similarly, unidentified found persons and unidentified dead bodies can also be matched Details: using biometrics with the existing records of missing persons and unidentified found persons. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 12 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The EWS reservation is presumably to be  A person who attempts suicide shall be implemented without disturbing the already presumed to be suffering from mental illness at existing quota benefits to the population that time and will not be punished under the Indian belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Penal Code. Tribes, Backward Classes and the Most  The government shall have a duty to provide Backward Classes. care, treatment and rehabilitation to a person,  Some of the regional parties in Tamil Nadu are having severe stress and who attempted to opposing the 10% EWS quota for EWS. commit suicide, to reduce the risk of recurrence of  The ceiling of 50% vertical reservation for SC, attempt to commit suicide. ST and BC was a judicial determination and not prescribed or mandated in the Constitution. The First Session of Parliament After NHRC National Level Review General Elections Meeting on Mental Health Background Context  This being the first Session after General Elections, the President addressed both Houses of  A day-long NHRC National Level Review Parliament assembled together in terms of Article Meeting on Mental Health concluded at India 87(1) of the Constitution, International centre, New Delhi, highlighting several issues to bridge the gap between the  The Union Budget for 2019- 20 was presented in legislation and its implementation. this session  It was necessary to evaluate the ground Highlights realities post-implementation of Mental Healthcare Act, 2017.  The most important business transacted during this Session is the abrogation of certain provisions Mental Healthcare Act, 2017. from Article 370 and Presidential Orders thereunder.  This ensures every person shall have a right to  This will ensure equal opportunities to all access mental health care and treatment from sections of society in Jammu & Kashmir mental health services run or funded by the particularly with the restoration of applicability of appropriate government. the provisions of the Constitution of India and all socio-economic legislations thereby ensuring rule  The act assures free treatment for such of law and equity. persons if they are homeless or belong to Below Poverty Line, even if they do not possess a BPL  Further, for ensuring better administration and card. for curbing terrorism, the State of Jammu & Kashmir has been reorganized with the formation  Every person with mental illness shall have a of two Union Territories – Jammu &Kashmir and right to live with dignity and there shall be no Ladakh discrimination on any basis including gender, sex, sexual orientation, religion, culture, caste, social  Health Sector Reforms – During this Session, or political beliefs, class or disability. four Bills have been passed.  A person with mental illness shall have the right  Particularly the National Medical Commission to confidentiality in respect of his mental health, Bill, 2019 is a revolutionary reform in medical field mental healthcare, treatment and physical which provides for constitution of a National healthcare. Medical Commission for development and Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 13 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 regulation of all aspects relating to medical  There shall be a Crisis Management Group education, medical profession and medical (CMG) for dealing with matters relating to relief in institutions and a Medical Advisory Council to the wake of major natural calamities. advise and make recommendations to the  Relief Commissioner is the Chairman of the Commission. group.  Social and Gender Justice – Certain Bills to  The Resident Commissioners of the States further strengthen Social and Gender justice affected by major natural calamity may be system in India were also passed during this coopted on the CMG during the period of crisis. Session.  The CMG will meet atleast twice in a year in the  Labour reform bill which will facilitate the ease months of December/January and May/June and of compliance of labour laws thereby widening as often as may be required by the Relief the scope of minimum wages to all workers – a Commissioner. big step for equity promotion and setting up of more enterprises thus catalyzing the creation of  The CMG will: employment opportunities.  Review every year Contingency Plans  Transport Reforms bill passed address the formulated by the Central Ministries/Departments; issues relating to road safety, citizen facilitation, automation and computerisation besides  Review the measures required for dealing with a natural calamity increasing the fines and penalties for violation of  Coordinate the activities of the Central Ministries provisions of the Act and to make a provision for and the State Governments in relation to disaster protection of good Samaritans. preparedness and relief, and Cabinet Secretary chairs NCMC  Obtain information from the Nodal Officers on meeting measures relating to the above. Context ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ Drive  A meeting of the National Crisis Management Context Committee (NCMC), chaired by the Cabinet Secretary, Shri PK Sinha, was held to review the  Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal prevailing flood situation in the states of ‘Nishank’ will launch ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Gujarat. Suraksha’ drive to create awareness about Water Conservation among all school students in the About NCMC country.  A National Crisis Management About the drive Committee(NCMC) has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat.  It is a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach.  Cabinet Secretary is the Chairman of the committee  This concept of water conservation is essential for students so that they can understand the  When a situation is to be handled also by the importance of water and how it is shaping their NCMC, it will give such directions to the Crisis lives meaningfully, thereby enabling them to Management Group of the Ministry as deemed participate in water conservation activities in their necessary. day to day lives. Crisis Management Group Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 14 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  MHRD has launched the ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal  The National Policy on Biofuels, released by the Suraksha’ drive to promote water conservation Government of India in 2018, envisages activities for School Students, so that they can production of biofuel from UCO. become competent, conscientious and committed  Food Safety and Standards Authority of India water citizens of our nation. (FSSAI) is implementing a strategy to divert UCO Five Major Objectives: from the food value chain and curb current illegal usage.  To educate students learn about conservation of  To facilitate the production of Biodiesel from water UCO, the Oil Marketing Companies shall float an  To sensitize Students about the impact of Expression of Interest (EOI) for procurement of scarcity of water Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil across 100  To empower Students to learn to protect the cities. natural sources of water  The purpose of inviting this EOI is to encourage  To help every Student to save at least one litre the applicants to set up Biodiesel producing of water per day plants from Used Cooking Oil (UCO), processing plants and further utilizing the existing potential of  To encourage Students towards judicious use UCO based Bio-diesel in India. and minimum wastage of water at home and school level Significance World Biofuel Day to be observed  This year the theme of the World Biofuel Day is on 10th August “Production of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO)”. Context  Biofuels have the benefits of reduction of import  World Biofuel Day is observed every year on dependence, cleaner environment, additional 10th of August to create awareness about the income to farmers and employment generation. importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels and highlight the various  Biofuel programme also compliments efforts made by Government in the biofuel sector. Government of India’s initiatives for Make in India, Negative impact of UCO Swachh Bharat and increasing farmers income. A number of initiatives have been undertaken to  In India, the same cooking oil is used for increase production and blending of biofuels since repeated frying which adversely affects the health 2014. due to formation of polar compounds during frying. These polar compounds are associated  The benefits of transformation of UCO will help with diseases such as hypertension, bring health benefits as there would be no atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, liver recycling of the UCO, employment generation, diseases among others. infrastructural investment in rural areas & cleaner environment with reduced carbon footprint.  UCO is either not discarded at all or disposed off in an environmentally hazardous manner Women Transforming India Awards choking drains and sewerage systems. Steps taken by Government Context  The NITI Aayog will launch the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards in the capital. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 15 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 About Women Entrepreneurship Platform are an established startup can register under the (WEP) scheme to take the benefit.  NITI Aayog has launched a Women  Corporates, NGOs, research organisations, Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) for providing an Incubator, Accelerator, etc. who can provide ecosystem for budding & existing women support in any form to the the women entrepreneurs across the country. SIDBI has entrepreneurs. partnered with NITI Aayog to assist in this initiative. One Nation One Ration Card  As an enabling platform, WEP is built on three Context: pillars- Iccha Shakti, Gyaan Shakti & Karma Shakti In a major step towards achieving ‘One Nation  Iccha Shakti represents motivating aspiring One Ration Card’, Union Minister Shri Ram Vilas entrepreneurs to start their business Paswan inaugurated inter-State portability in two clusters of adjoining States of Andhra Pradesh &  Gyaan Shakti represents providing knowledge Telangana and Gujarat & Maharashtra. and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship Key Points:  Karma Shakti represents providing hands-on  This move will enable beneficiaries from either support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling States’ cluster to avail the benefits accruing to up businesses. them under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) from any of the two States. Benefits & Highlights  In addition to providing services such as free  The Minister said that this marks the beginning credit ratings, mentorship, funding support to of National level portability of Ration Cards in the women entrepreneurs, apprenticeship and country. corporate partnerships.  It is envisaged that the inter-State portability  WEP will encourage entrepreneurs to share shall be introduced in the 11 States having their entrepreneurial journeys, stories & already implemented intra-State portability by 1st experiences to nurture mutual learning. January 2020. The 11 states are: Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand,  WEP platform, as a driver of change, will also Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, promote offline initiatives and outreach Rajasthan, Telangana and Tripura. programmes to promote entrepreneurial spirit among potential women entrepreneurs, in  All other states and UTs shall be integrated in a collaboration with partner organizations. phased manner.  Also, WEP offers incubation and acceleration  This will enable nation-wide portability of ration support to women founded / co-founded startups card holders to receive subsidized food grains through its various partners who handhold under NFSA from anywhere in India by 1st June women entrepreneurs registered with WEP and 2020. provide them necessary support to help them start and scale-up.  The move is especially beneficial for migrant population of the country who move Eligibility from one part of the country to another in search of employment, for marriage, etc.  Women Entrepreneurs who are at ideation stage, have just started off with thieir startups or  Installation of electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) devices at Fair Price Shops (FPSs) is the main Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 16 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 enabler of portability of ration card holders,  Rotavirus diarrhoea presents in similar manner supported by the biometric/Aadhaar like any other diarrhoea but can mainly be authentication. prevented through rotavirus vaccination.  More than 4.1 lakh (77%) ePoS devices are Rotavirus Vaccine in India already operational in various parts of the country.  Rotavirus vaccine was introduced in 2016 in a phased manner.  Also, more than 85% ration cards (at least one  Starting with 4 states, it expanded to 11 states member) in the country have been seeded with by 2018. the Aadhaar numbers of the beneficiaries.  Currently, it is available in 28 states. Rotavirus vaccine to every child Context: International Electric Vehicle Conclave The Health Ministry has drawn an ambitious plan under the 100-days agenda of the newly elected Context: government, wherein it has been decided to provide Rotavirus vaccine to every child across Minister of State for Heavy Industries and Public all 36 states and UTs by September, 2019. Enterprises, Arjun Ram Meghwal, inaugurated the 3rd International Electric Vehicle (EV) Conclave at Key Points: the International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) in Manesar, Gurugram.  The Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan said that the government has decided to provide About the International Electric Vehicle (EV) Rotavirus vaccine to every child in 36 states and Conclave: UTs.  This is in accordance with the government’s  The EV Conclave is organized by ICAT in commitment to end morbidity and mortality in association with India Energy Storage Alliance children due to diarrhoea by 2022. (IESA).  Diarrhoea is one of the biggest killers in  The first conclave was held in 2017. children and Rotavirus is one of the most common causes of severe diarrhoea in Why Electric Vehicles? children less than 2 years of age.  The government’s emphasis on electric mobility  In India, every year 37 out of every 1000 arises out of increasing pollution caused by fossil children born are unable to celebrate their 5th fuel-based internal combustion engines (ICE) and birthday, and one of the major reasons for this is the rising energy import bill. diarrheal deaths.  EVs are set to dominate the market. As per a  Out of all the causes of diarrhoea, rotavirus is a Bloomberg New Energy Finance report, by 2040, leading cause of diarrhoea in children less than 5 57% of total vehicle sales and 30% of passenger years of age. vehicles will run on electricity.  It is estimated that rotavirus cause 8,72,000 Hurdles for EV manufacturers hospitalizations; 32,70,000 outpatient visits and estimated 78,000 deaths annually in India.  Poor penetration of charging stations.  Inadequate power supply all over the country. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 17 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The cost of EVs is highly dependent on lithium  Under this new programme, KVIC will give batteries. Unless these are locally manufactured, Leather Kits to leather artisans from across India. EVs will not appeal to consumers.  It will not only increase their incomes but will Minister of State for Home Affairs also inspire the traditional leather artisans who Shri Nityanand Rai Chaired A High had migrated to other jobs from their traditional skill to adopt this vocation again. Level Meeting To Review The  Honey Mission has proved as a game-changer Current Flood Situation In The in the lives of tribals, farmers, SC/STs and Country unemployed youths. Context:  It has not only increased the income of the bee- keeping farmers, but has also increased the yield Maharashtra, Kerala and Karnataka have got of the crops by up to 30 percent due to cross- excess rain fall with extremely heavy down pour pollination of the honey-bees. since the last two days. Gujarat, West Madhya Pradesh and East Rajasthan are also expected to About World Tribal Day receive heavy rainfall in the next 24 hours.  Officially called The International Day of the Key Points: World’s Indigenous Peoples.  Observed every year on 9th  83 National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)  It is observed to protect the rights of the world’s teams have been positioned in vulnerable areas indigenous peoples/tribals. of flood affected four states along with all necessary equipment.  It was first pronounced by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1994.  These teams are in addition to the 173 teams of  The UN designated 2019 as the International army, navy, air force and coast guard. Year of Indigenous Languages.  Authorities are keeping a close watch on the  This was to create awareness about indigenous situation 24X7. languages, thousands of which are on the verge of dying.  So far, 82000 people have been evacuated and 2325 people have been rescued. 22nd National e-Governance World Tribal Day Conference, 2019 Context: Context: The Khadi and Village Industry Commission The 22nd National e-Governance Conference (KVIC) distributed 50 leather kits and 350 Bee- (NCeG), 2019 was concluded in Shillong, Boxes with live bee colonies in tribal-dominated Meghalaya. village in Sirohi district of Rajasthan on World Tribal Day (9 August). Key Points: Key Points:  The conference was jointly organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public  KVIC announced on the occasion that it is Grievances (DARPG), in association with Ministry launching a new programme ‘Leather Mission’ of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), from the tribal-dominated village of Chandala. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 18 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Government of India and the State Government of States and explore the possibility for opening an Meghalaya. electronics skill center in Shillong. 6. Promote use of e-Office and move towards  The theme of this Conference was “Digital less paper State Secretariats in the North-Eastern India: Success to Excellence”. States and in the District level offices. 7. Improve the quality of delivery of e-Services  NCeG 2019 provided a platform for the in the North East to fulfil the vision of improved delegates, including senior government officers citizen experience. from across the country, industry stalwarts and 8. Develop India as a global cloud hub and researchers, to share best practices, latest facilitate development of Government technology developments and leveraging them applications and databases on Cloud by default. for achieving effective governance and public 9. Adopt emerging technologies for finding e- service delivery. Governance solutions. 10. Promote the Digital India Projects with focus  At the valedictory session, the ‘Shillong Declaration’ on e-Governance was adopted. Shillong Declaration on Smart Cities and Smart Villages through The Conference resolved that Government of Startups and Smart Entrepreneurship. of India and State Governments shall collaborate to: Quick Estimates of Index 1. Improve the citizen’s experience with Industrial Production and Use-Based Government services by promoting timely Index for the Month of June, 2019 implementation of India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA) and implementing a single sign-on for Key Points: interoperability and integration among e- Government applications throughout the country.  The Quick Estimates of Index of Industrial 2. Consolidate the plethora of successful State Production (IIP) with base 2011-12 for the month level e-Governance projects and domain-based of June 2019 stands at 130.2, which is 2.0 percent projects with a focus to replicate them as a higher as compared to the level in the month of common application software with configurable June 2018. features. 3. Ensure improvement in ease of living and  The cumulative growth for the period April-June ease of doing business by making a big shift in 2019 over the corresponding period of the the role of government from Service Provider to previous year stands at 3.6 percent. Service Enabler, thus moving from development of applications to making available public digital  The industry group ‘Manufacture of basic metals’ platforms where multiple competitive applications has shown the highest positive growth of 17.7 can be developed. percent followed by 16.5 percent in ‘Manufacture 4. Take steps to further improve connectivity in of food products’ and 10.3 percent in ‘manufacture North Eastern States by addressing the issues of tobacco products’. and challenges of telecommunications connectivity at grassroot level and formulate and  The industry group ‘Manufacture of paper and implement a comprehensive telecom paper products’ has shown the highest negative development plan. growth of (-) 19.9 percent followed by (-) 14.3 5. Take steps to enhance the activities of percent in ‘Manufacture of furniture’ and (-) 13.9 percent in ‘Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers’. Electronics Sector Skill Council in North Eastern Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 19 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Mukhya Mantri Krishi Ashirwad  NLFT has been banned under the Unlawful Yojna Activities (Prevention) Act since 1997 and has been involved in violence, operating from their Context camps across the international border.  The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah  NLFT has been responsible for violent activities Naidu has called for introducing structural reforms including 317 insurgency incidents in which 28 in the agricultural sector along with financial security forces and 62 civilians lost their lives assistance schemes like Direct Benefit Transfer to during the period 2005-2015. make agriculture profitable and sustainable.  Peace talks with NLFT were initiated in 2015  He inaugurated the Mukhya Mantri Krishi and there has been no violence by NLFT since Ashirwad Yojna of the Jharkhand Government, 2016. About the scheme About MOS  Under the scheme, all the small and marginal  NLFT (SD) has agreed to abjure the path of farmers of the state, who have arable land up to a violence, join the mainstream and abide by the maximum of 5 acres, will be given a grant-in-aid at Constitution of India. It has agreed to the the rate of Rs. 5000 / – per acre per year, which surrender of its 88 cadres with their weapons. will also reduce their dependence on loans.  The surrendered cadres will be given surrender benefits as per the Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation  This amount would be given in two installments Scheme, 2018 of the Ministry of Home Affairs. through Direct Benefit Transfer to the beneficiary’s  The State Government of Tripura will help the bank account. surrendered cadres in housing, recruitment, education etc. Government of India will consider  This is in addition to PM Kisan Nidhi Yojana the proposals of Tripura State Government under which each small & marginal farmer’s regarding economic development of tribal areas family having combined landholding/ ownership of of Tripura. up to two hectares is paid Rs. 6, 000 per year. Vikram lander will land on Moon as a  Direct Benefit Transfer would eliminate Tribute middlemen and ensure that every penny of the financial assistance given by the government Context reaches the beneficiaries.  Government of India has taken a firm resolve to double the income of farmers by 2022. GOI, Govt. of Tripura and NLFT- SD The centenary celebration of the birth anniversary Sign MOU of the founding father of ISRO – Dr. Vikram Sarabhai kicked off in Ahmedabad in the presence Context of dignitaries from ISRO, Department of Space, Department of Atomic Energy and members of  A Memorandum of Settlement was signed by Sarabhai Family. the Government of India, Govt. of Tripura and National Liberation Front of Twipra led by Sabir About – Dr Vikram Sarabhai Kumar Debbarma (NLFT-SD). About NLFT  Sarabhai was considered as the Father of the Indian space program; He was a great institution Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 20 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 builder and established or helped to establish a  To encourage young people to develop a sense large number of institutions in diverse fields. of responsibility to the community and thus to improve their own personal potential as good  He was instrumental in establishing the Physical citizens Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad: after returning from Cambridge to an independent India  To give recognition to the outstanding work in 1947, he persuaded charitable trusts controlled done by voluntary organizations working with the by his family and friends to endow a research youth for national development including social institution near home in Ahmedabad. service.  he establishment of the Indian Space Research  The Ministry is organizing various programmes Organization (ISRO) was one of his greatest to motivate youth, the National Youth Awards achievements. Function is one such programme.  He successfully convinced the government of Swachh Survekshan 2020 the importance of a space programme for a developing country like India. Context  Homi Jehangir Bhabha, widely regarded as the Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State father of India’s nuclear science program, (Independent Charge) for Housing & Urban supported Dr. Sarabhai in setting up the first Affairs launched the Swachh Survekshan 2020 rocket launching station in India. (SS 2020), the fifth edition of the annual cleanliness survey conducted by the Ministry of  This center was established at Thumba near Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) Thiruvananthapuram on the coast of the Arabian Sea, primarily because of its proximity to the Focus areas of Swachh Survekshan 2020 equator.  Sarabhai started a project for the fabrication and  Collect segregated waste and maintain till launch of an Indian Satellite. As a result, the first processing site Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was put in orbit in 1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome.  Utilising capacity of wet waste processing facilities National Youth Awards  Treat and reuse waste water  The Union Minister for Youth Affairs & Sports  Curtail solid waste based air pollution (I/C) Shri Kiren Rijiju conferred the National Youth  Uplift social condition of informal waste pickers Awards on individuals (aged between 15-29 years)  Promote procurement through GeM and organizations for excellent work and  Assess Ganga Towns separately to accelerate contribution. action About the award  Engage technology driven monitoring  The objective of the awards given by the Difference between Swachh Survekshan 2020 Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Department and 2019 of Youth Affairs is to: CSR expenditure to be made tax  Motivate young persons to achieve excellence deductible in the field of national development and social service Context Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 21 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Shri Injeti Srinivas, Secretary (Corporate Affairs), regarding appreciable adverse effects on presented the Report of the High Level Committee competition. on CSR to the Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman.  The aim is to move towards disclosure-based regime with strict consequences for not providing Recommendation accurate or complete information.  The main recommendations include, making  Combinations arising out of the insolvency Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditure resolution process under the Insolvency and tax deductible, provision for carry forward of Bankruptcy Code will also be eligible for “Green unspent balance for a period of 3 – 5 years. Channel” approvals.  The other recommendations include developing  Introducing a dedicated bench in NCLAT for a CSR exchange portal to connect contributors, hearing appeals under the Competition Act. beneficiaries and agencies, allowing CSR in social benefit bonds, promoting social impact companies,  Introduction of express provisions to identify and third party assessment of major CSR projects. ‘hub and spoke’ agreements as well as agreements that do not fit within typical horizontal  The Committee has emphasized on not treating or vertical anti-competitive structures to cover CSR as a means of resource gap funding for agreements related to business structures and government schemes. models synonymous with new age markets.  It has emphasized on CSR spending as a board  Additional enforcement mechanism of driven process to provide innovative technology ‘Settlement & Commitments” in the interests of based solutions for social problems. speedier resolution of cases of anti-competitive conduct.  The Committee has also recommended that  Enabling provisions to prescribe necessary companies having CSR prescribed amount below thresholds, inter alia, deal-value threshold for Rs. 50 lakh may be exempted from constituting a merger notifications. CSR Committee.  Competition Commission of India (CCI) to issue  The Committee has also recommended that guidelines on imposition of penalty to ensure violation of CSR compliance may be made a civil more transparency and faster decision making offence and shifted to the penalty regime. which will encourage compliance by businesses. Report of the Competition Law  Strengthening the governance structure of CCI Review Committee with the introduction of a Governing Board to oversee advocacy and quasi-legislative functions, Context leaving adjudicatory functions to the Whole-time Members  Secretary (Corporate Affairs), today presented the Report of the Competition Law Review  Merging DG’s Office with CCI as an Committee to the Union Minister of Finance and ‘Investigation Division’ as it aids CCI in Corporate Affairs, Smt. NirmalaSitharaman. discharging an inquisitorial rather than adversarial Recommendations mandate. However, functional autonomy must be protected.  Introduction of a ‘Green Channel’ for combination notifications to enable fast-paced  Opening of CCI offices at regional level to carry regulatory approvals for vast majority of mergers out non-adjudicatory functions such as research, and acquisitions that may have no major concerns advocacy etc. and interaction with State Governments and State regulators. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 22 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Chakra series awards  The Vice President emphasised on our duty and responsibility to protect every single monument Context and every single art form and pass it on to  Chakra series awards to Army on posterity so that they grow up in complete Independence Day 2019. comprehension of India’s glorious history. About the Chakra series awards  He cautioned that we simply must not let our architectural gems lie buried under the weight of  Post-independence, first three gallantry awards neglect and inertia. namely the Param Vir Chakra, the Maha Vir Chakra and the Vir Chakra were instituted by the  He applauded the Archaeological Survey of India Government of India in 1950. for the great restoration work of Shyamoli carried out by them.  Thereafter, other three gallantry awards i.e. the Shyamoli: Ashoka Chakra Class-I, the Ashoka Chakra Class-  ‘Shyamoli’ is an experimental mud-house built II and the Ashoka Chakra Class-III were instituted at Santiniketan in 1935. by the Government of India in 1952.  It is the heritage house of Rabindranath Tagore  These awards were renamed as the Ashoka that house has been recently renovated by the Chakra, the Kirti Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra Archaeological Survey of India as a deposit work respectively in 1967. and is a property of Visva-Bharati at present.  These gallantry awards are announced twice in  Rabindranath, out of a traumatic and a year – first on the occasion of the Republic Day claustrophobic childhood-experience of his own and then on the occasion of the Independence education at school within the boundaries of four Day. walls, set up a school for children at Santiniketan in 1901.  Order of precedence of these awards is the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, the  He then built 5 new houses at the Northern Mahavir Chakra, the Kirti Chakra, the Vir Chakra corner of the Santiniketan ashram which is now and the Shaurya Chakra. known as Uttarayana and named them Konark, Udayan, Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi.  Param Vir Chakra, the Maha Vir Chakra and the Vir Chakra are wartime gallantry awards.  History says that Shri. Rabindranath Tagore stayed in these houses at various points of time  Whereas, the Ashoka Chakra, the Kirti Chakra and took special interest in the planning of the and the Shaurya Chakra are peacetime gallantry houses according to his requirements. awards. The Vice President called on the  He hoped that Shyamali would encourage government and civil society to work poverty-stricken families of rural Bengal to have hand-in-hand to preserve India’s rich earthen roofs instead of thatched roofs prone to be destroyed in fire. Large and empty earthen cultural heritage vessels were intentionally placed inside the thick Context: mud walls and roof of one of the rooms of Shyamali for the purpose of introducing a natural The Vice President was addressing the gathering cooling system. after inaugurating and dedicating to the nation ‘Shyamoli’.  Rabindranath immortalised this house by publishing a book of Poems entitled ‘Shyamali’ in Details: 1936. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 23 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Four New Products get GI Tag  It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state. Context:  It is also the most commonly used costume in The Geographical Indication (GI) under the Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies. Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has recenly registered 4 new GIs.  The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving. Details: 4. Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala:  Tirur betel vine from Kerala, is mainly cultivated  Latest additions to the List are: in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of 1. Palani Panchamirtham from Palani Town in Malappuram District. Tamil Nadu:  Palani Panchamirtham is an abishegaPrasadam  It is valued both for its mild stimulant action and and is one of the main offerings in the Abisegam medicinal properties. of Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapaniswamy  It is commonly used for making pan masala for Temple, situated in palani Hills, in Dindigul District. chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usagesand is considered as a remedy for  It is a combination of five natural substances, bad breath and digestive disorders. namely, banana, jaggery sugar, cow ghee, honey and cardamom in a definite proportion. Geographical Indication:  It is prepared in a natural method without  GI is an indication used on products that have a addition of any preservatives or artificial specific geographical origin and possess qualities ingredients and is well known for its religious or a reputation that are due to that origin. fervour and gaiety.  This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from  GI tag conveys an assurance of quality and Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag. distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality. Significance of GI Tag: 2. Tawlhlohpuan from Mizoram:  GI products can benefit the rural economy in  Tawlhlohpuan, a medium to heavy, compactly remote areas, by supplementing the incomes of woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram. artisans, farmers, weavers and craftsmen.  India’s rural artisans possess unique skills and  It is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving & knowledge of traditional practices and methods, intricate hand-made designs. passed down from generation to generation, which  Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm need to be protected and promoted. or not to move backward’.  The Department for Promotion of Industry and  Tawlhlohpuan is produced throughout the state Internal Trade has taken several initiatives in this of Mizoram, Aizawl and Thenzawl town being the regard and is actively involved in promotion and main centre of production. marketing of GIs.  It holds high significance in the Mizo society. MCA amends provisions related to Differential Voting Rights under 3. Mizo Puanchei from Mizoram: Companies Act  Mizo Puanchei is a colourful Mizo shawl/textile, from Mizoram. Context:  It is considered as the most colourful among the Mizo textiles. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 24 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has amended the Directors holding more than 10% of equity shares, provisions relating to issue of shares with has been enhanced from 5 years to 10 years from Differential Voting Rights (DVRs) provisions under the date of their incorporation. the Companies Act.  The initiatives have been taken in response to Differential Voting Rights: requests from innovative tech companies & startups.  Promoters or founders who are instrumental in  The aim is to strengthen the hands of Indian starting up a company often lose control of the firm companies and their promoters who have lately when they dilute their stakes to raise multiple been identified by deep pocketed investors rounds of funding. worldwide for acquisition of controlling stake in them to gain access to the cutting edge innovation  DVRs do not follow the common rule of one and technology development. share-one vote and enable promoters to retain control over the company even after many new MoD clarifies there is no proposal to investors come in, by allowing shares with privatise OFB superior voting rights or lower or fractional voting rights to public investors. Context:  Differential voting right(DVR) shares are same Rumours being spread that Ordnance Factory as ordinary equity shares except such stock does Board (OFB)is being privatised has resulted in its not dilute the promoters voting rights and makes it employees calling for a 30 days’ strike. difficult for hostile takeovers. Details: Details:  Provisions relating to DVRs have been amended  Committee of senior officials of Ministry of with the objective of enabling promoters of Indian Defenceled by Additional Secretary, Department companies to retain control of their companies, of Defence Production alongwith Chairman of even as they raise equity capital from global OFB, explained to the employee organisations that investors in their pursuit for growth and creation of there is no proposal to privatise OFB. long-term value for shareholders,.  The proposal under consideration of  The key change brought about through the Government is to make it into Defence Public amendments are: Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), which is 100 per cent Government owned.  Enhancement in the previously existing cap of 26% of the total post issue paid up equity share  It was also stated that corporatisation of OFB will capital to a revised cap of 74% of total voting bring OFB at par with other DPSUs of Ministry of power in respect of shares with Differential Voting Defence. This is in the interest of OFB as it will Rights of a company. provide operational freedom and flexibility to OFB which it presently lacks.  The removal of the earlier requirement of distributable profits for 3 years for a company to Ordnance Factory Board: be eligible to issue shares with Differential Voting Rights.  Ordnance Factory Board(OFB) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories is a defense  The time period within which Employee Stock contractor owned by the Indian government. Options (ESOPs) can be issued by Startups recognized by the Department for Promotion of  OFB comprises forty-one ordnance factories, Industry & Internal Trade (DPIIT) to promoters or nine training institutes, three regional marketing Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 25 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 centres and four regional controllerates of safety Aadi Mahotsav (National Tribal Festival) is all set which are spread all across the country. for a colourful start on 17th August, 2019 in Leh-  OFB is the world’s largest government-operated Ladakh. production organisation, and the oldest organisation run by the Government of India. Details:  It is often called the “Fourth Arm of Defence” and the “Force Behind the Armed Forces” of India.  Aadi Mahotsav is a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India & Tribal  OFB is the 37th largest defence equipment Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of manufacturer in the world, 2nd largest in Asia, and India (TRIFED). the largest in India.  The theme of the festival is : “A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce”. Know India Programme for Young Overseas Indians  The event will see around 160 Tribal artisans from more than 20 states across the country,  Know India Programme of the Ministry of actively participating and showcasing their External Affairs is a three-week orientation masterpieces. programme.  The product range will comprise of Tribal  It was launched on 8 January 2014, on the Textiles from Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Odisha, occasion of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas. West Bengal; Tribal Jewellery from Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and North East; Tribal  The purpose of the Know India Programme is to Paintings like Gond art from Madhya Pradesh, help Persons of Indian Origin youths familiarize Warli art from Maharashtra; Metal craft from with their roots and contemporary India and Chhattisgarh; Black pottery from Manipur, and provide them an exposure to the country of their Naturals and Organic products from Uttarakhand, origin. Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.  It is conducted with a view to promoting  Mahotsav will also cover to identify: awareness on different facets of life in India and the progress made by the country in various fields 1. Food and Forest Produces, which can be e.g. economic, industrial, education, science & processed, value added and marketed under the technology, communication & information Van Dhan Scheme of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Technology, culture. 2. Artisans and master craftsmen and women of Ladakh for empanelling them as suppliers of  KIP aims at providing a unique forum for TRIBES India. students & young professionals of Indian origin to visit India, share their views, expectations & Showcasing Digital Skills of the Tribes: experiences and to develop closer bonds with contemporary India.  From the year 2016, six KIPs a year are being  The Mahotsav apart from exotic handicrafts will organised. also show case the electronic and digital skills of the tribals as a special attraction. Aadi Mahotsav ready for a start at  In line with the national aspiration to go Leh-Ladakh cashless, for the first time the tribal artisans will be accepting payment through major credit/debit Context: cards for which Point of Sale (POS) machines are provided. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 26 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The Mahotsav will display the rich digital • The focus of the workshop will be on discussing commerce and e-commerce being promoted by social and legal issues as well as technological Tribes India. and managerial interventions with regard to  TRIBES India proudly informs the signing of human entry into sewers and septic tanks. MOUs with Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, PayTM • The workshop will showcase best practices on and GEM, a Government of India Portal for e- Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of sewerage commerce of the tribal products. system including mechanical cleaning of sewers, faecal sludge management with mechanical  TRIBES India has also has its own e-com cleaning of septic tanks, co-treatment of septage, portal and showcase the latest equipment and machinery for cleaning of sewers and septic tanks Ladakhi folk dances: The troupes will perform in the exhibition. • The roles and responsibilities of the Emergency  Jabro Dance: a nomadic dance and song of Response Sanitation Unit (ERSU) – a proposed people inhabiting eastern Ladakh. unit to systematise human entry into septic tanks  Spawo dance: a heroic song and dance associated with a legendary hero of Himalayan in a professional, well trained, motivated and region called K’sar. appropriately equipped manner will be discussed. • Wastewater and stormwater management MoHUA’s One Day National including rainwater harvesting in line with the Government’s focus on water conservation Workshop Cum Exhibition on through the Jal Shakti Abhiyan will form an Sustainable Sanitation important agenda of discussion. • The workshop will also see discussions and Context: presentation of best practices on Municipal Solid • The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs Waste (MSW) based bio methanation under (MoHUA) is organizing a one day national Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable workshop cum exhibition. Transportation (SATAT) initiative of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoP&NG) and co- Why is the workshop being organised? treatment of organic fraction of MSW with sludge. • The workshop on sustainable sanitation is being Committee to review Defence Procurement Procedure organized in order to bring together relevant Context stakeholders to strategize on mitigating the risks associated with manual entry into sewers / septic tanks in a systematic manner, and help eliminate such incidents and fatalities.  Raksha Mantri ShriRajnath Singh has approved • The workshop is being organized as part of the setting up of a Committee under the Chairmanship year long celebration of Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th of Director General (Acquisition) to review the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016 and birth anniversary. Defence Procurement Manual (DPM) 2009. • The day long interaction among stakeholders is Objectives expected to culminate into a comprehensive roadmap for ensuring sustainable sanitation in urban areas.  The Committee will revise and align the procedures with the aim of ensuring seamless flow Details: from asset acquisition to life cycle support. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 27 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The DPP 2016 and DPM 2009 have been due Context for revision. Aligning the procedures will ensure to support and strengthen the ‘Make in India’  Aadi Mahotsav (National Tribal Festival), a joint initiative of the Government. initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government  Simplify policy and procedures to facilitate of India & Tribal Cooperative Marketing greater participation of Indian Industry and Development Federation of India (TRIFED) begins develop robust Defence Industrial base. at Leh-Ladakh.  Include provisions to promote Indian start-ups Aadi Mahotsav and research & development.  As the name of this event AadiMahotsav suggests, it is the ‘adi’ factor that is important International Conference on Teacher Education about them. Context  The Adivasi way of life is guided by primal truths, eternal values and a natural simplicity. The  The Union Minister of Human Resource greatness of the tribes lies in this that they have DevelopmentShri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ managed to retain the primal skills, the natural today inaugurated the International Conference simplicity. titled “Journey of Teacher Education: Local to Global”  Their creations issue from the depths of time. This quality gives their arts and crafts a timeless  The two-day event is being organized by the appeal. National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE).  The crudest tribal handicraft instantly touches a NCTE primal instinct in all of us. This is particularly true of tribal music and dance.  NCTE was established in 1995 and was tasked  The first of its kind event in Leh-Ladakh will see with achieving planned and coordinated around 160 Tribal artisans from more than 20 development of teacher education system states across the country, actively participating throughout the country and maintenance of norms and showcasing their masterpieces. and standards therein.  Mahotsav is also covering to identify:  NCTE also serves as an advisory body to Central and State Governments to ensure  Food and Forest Produces, which can be maintenance of standards and quality in Teacher processed, value added and marketed under the Education. Van Dhan Scheme of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs  The mandate of NCTE is very broad and covers  Artisans and master craftsmen and women of the entire gamut of Teacher Education Ladakh for empanelling them as suppliers of programmes, including research and training of TRIBES India. persons.  These products can then be marketed all over  Thus equip them to teach at pre-primary, the Country through the 104 retail outlets run by primary, secondary and senior secondary stages TRIBES India across the country and 190 in schools as well as non-formal education, part- countries across the world through AMAZON, with time education, adult education and distance whom TRIBES India has an agreement. education courses. Draft National Resource Efficiency Aadi Mahotsav” Begins at Leh- Policy Released Ladakh Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 28 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Context About the initiative  Natural resources form the backbone of any  The Prime Minister of India in his visit to economic development. India, as one of the Maldives in June 2019, had emphasised India’s fastest growing economies with GDP at 2.6 trillion ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy and assured India’s USD, has increased its material consumption to full support to Maldives and strengthening of six times. democratic and independent institutions of Maldives.  Enhancing resource efficiency and promoting the use of secondary raw materials has emerged as a  One of the MoUs signed during the visit was strategy for ensuring that the potential trade-off between the National Center for Good between growth, resource constraints and Governance, India and the Civil Services environmental well-being can be minimized. Commission of Maldives which envisaged capacity building activities for Civil Servants of Maldives at  Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate the National Centre for Good Governance over the Change released Draft National Resource next 5 years. Efficiency Policy  The Agreement envisaged that the National About the policy Center for Good Governance, India will be the nodal institution for designing customised training  The Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy modules and its implementation taking into (NREP) envisions a future with environmentally account the requirements of the Civil Service sustainable and equitable economic growth, Commission of Maldives. resource security, healthy environment (air, water and land), and restored ecosystems with rich  The subject matter of the training programs ecology and biodiversity. include public administration, e-governance and service delivery, public policy and governance,  The Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy is information technology, urban development and guided by the principles of planning, ethics in administration and challenges in implementation of SDGs. 1. Reduction in primary resource consumption to ‘sustainable’ levels, in keeping with achieving State Tourism Ministers’ Conference the Sustainable Development Goals and staying within the planetary boundaries, Context 2. Creation of higher value with less material through resource efficient and circular approaches  The Union Minister of State for Tourism & 3. Waste minimization Culture (Independent Charge),Shri Prahlad Singh 4. Material security, and creation of Patel will inaugurate the State Tourism Ministers’ employment opportunities and business models Conference beneficial to the cause of environment protection and restoration. About the conference India-Maldives MoU  The daylong Conference has been organized by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India and Context will be attended by state Tourism Ministers, Secretaries of Tourism and senior officials from  The India-Maldives MoU on Training and the States and Union Territories (UTs) Capacity Building Programme for Maldivian Civil Servants was operationalised.  The Conference will provide a platform for the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India to Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 29 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 apprise the States / UTs about new initiatives  Subsidy to cover Value Gap funding(VGF) for taken and those in the pipeline, to get valuable participating airlines feedback from the States / UTs on the same  Concessional GST on tickets booked using the  The conference will also help to highlight areas scheme. where active cooperation of the States / UTs is required and at the same time to learn about the  Code sharing fo flights under the policy initiatives being taken by the States / UTs for the development of Tourism.  State Governments will extend the following measures: Subjects for discussion  GST reduction to 1% for 10 years  Developing an all-encompassing One Stop Solution including information on tourism related  Coordination with oil companies to facilitate services through a web based application and a refuelling facilities Grievance Redressal Mechanism through Twitter and Tourist-Helpline  Provide land for airport and ancillary development  Adoption of Adventure Tourism and Bed & Breakfast / Homestay Scheme Guidelines by  Trained security personnel States/UTs  Utilities at subsidised rates  Status of projects sanctioned under the Swadesh Darshan & PRASHAD Schemes and  20% of VGF implementation of Public Financial Management System (PFMS).  Airport operators such as AAI will provide the following concessions: Meeting on Regional Connectivity Scheme  No parking, landing and storage charges at participating airports  Nil TNLC (Terminal Navigation Landing Charges)  Allow ground handling by the airline selected through the bidding process Context  RNCF (Route Navigation and Facilitation Charges) will be discounted to 42.4% of normal  Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State(I/C) rates by the Airports Authority of India. for Civil Aviation, Housing & Urban Affairs, chaired a meeting via Video Conference on Regional Make in India in Defence Connectivity Scheme (RCS-UDAN). UDAN Scheme Context This scheme is a part of the National Civil Aviation  Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh emphasised Policy(NCAP) and is funded jointly by the GoI and the need to progressively reduce dependence on the state governments. The following are its foreign manufacturers and indigenously develop salient features: comprehensive capabilities in the defence sector.  The scheme duration is for 10 years  Shri Rajnath Singh also referred to the  Airlines participating in UDAN are selected Technology Development Fund (TDF) Scheme through a competitive bidding process which has been established under the aegis of  The Central government will provide the Defence Research and Development Organisation following: (DRDO) to promote self-reliance in Defence Technology as part of ‘Make in India’ initiative. ‘Technology Development Fund (TDF)’ scheme Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 30 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The ‘Technology Development Fund (TDF)’ Chandrayaan-2 inserted in lunar orbit scheme has been set up by the Government of India under the ‘Make in India’ initiative.  This is to create an eco-system for enhancing Context cutting edge technology capability by inculcating  The second moon mission of India, the R&D culture in Industry for building indigenous Chandrayaan-2 has been precisely inserted in state-of-the-art systems for defence applications. defined orbit.  Technology Development Fund (TDF) Scheme About Chandrayaan 2 aims for the development of defence and dual-use technologies that are currently not available with  Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian Space Research the Indian defence industry or have not been Organization (ISRO) mission comprising an orbiter developed so far. and a soft lander ‘Vikram’ carrying a rover ‘Pragyan’. National Sports Awards -2019  The primary objective of Chandrayaan 2 is to Context demonstrate the ability to soft-land on the lunar  A large number of nominations were received for surface and operate a robotic rover on the surface. these awards this year (2019), which were considered by the Selection Committees.  Scientific goals include studies of lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, About the awards the lunar exosphere, and signatures of hydroxyl and water ice.  Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is given for the  The soft landing will be near the lunar South spectacular and most outstanding performance in Pole. the field of sports by a sportsperson over a period of four year Capacity Building of Sustainable Food Value Chains  Arjuna Award is given for consistently outstanding performance for four years Context  Dronacharya Award for coaches is given for A National Conference on Capacity Building of producing medal winners at prestigious Sustainable Food Value Chains for Enhanced International sports events. Food Safety and Quality was organized by National Productivity Council (NPC) in  Dhyan Chand Award for lifetime contribution to collaboration with the Asian Productivity sports development Organization, Tokyo, Japan.  Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar is given to National Productivity Council (NPC) the corporate entities (both in the private and public sector) and individuals who have played a  NPC is a national level organization to promote visible role in the area of sports promotion and productivity culture in India. development.  Established by the Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958, it is an autonomous,  Overall top performing university in inter- multipartite, non-profit organization with equal university tournaments is given representation from employers’ & workers’ MaulanaAbulKalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy. organizations and Government, apart from Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 31 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 technical & professional institutions and other  The site is situated about 20 m away from the interests. river bed and its one-third portion has been subjected to frequent erosion during the heavy  NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian water current in the earlier times. Productivity Organisation (APO), an Inter- Governmental Body, of which the Government of  The river Purna, a major tributary of the river India is a founder member. Tapi, has witnessed several archaeological sites on its either side of the banks.  NPC teams up with its clients to work out solutions towards accelerating productivity,  A number of cultural remains in the form of enhancing competitiveness, increasing profits, various antiquities and pottery have unraveled the augmenting safety and reliability and ensuring nature of those settlements ranging from better quality. Paleolithic to the late medieval period.  It provides a reliable database for decision- Significance making, improved systems and procedures, work culture as well as customer satisfaction both  The excavation is significant as it indicates the internal & external. presence of sedentary (permanent) settlement, belonging to the Iron Age of Vidarbha.  The solutions can be all-encompassing or specific depending on the nature of the problem.  The settlement comes under the category of a The council also helps monitor, review and small village with evidence of a small agro- implement the identified strategies. Promotional pastoral community with evidence of and catalytic in nature, NPC’s services have craftsmanship in the form of beads of agate- bearings on economic growth and quality of life. carnelian, jasper, quartz and also usage of other artifacts like hopscotch, wheel, and barrel-shaped  The Council promotes a comprehensive view of beads. productivity-focused on improving the triple bottom line – economic, environmental and social and  The finding from Phupgaon indicates its adds value for all the stakeholders through contemporaneity with other Iron Age settlements generation & application of advanced knowledge of Vidarbha like Naikund, Mahurjhari, Bhagimori, for inclusive Growth. and Thakalkat. Relics found by ASI in Maharastra’s Reduce, Rebate and Reuse Milk Phupgaon Pouches Context Context  The recent excavation carried out by  A high-level meeting was held under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) at Chairmanship of Secretary, Department of Animal Maharashtra’s Phupgaon has revealed evidence Husbandry & Dairying to review the milk situation of an Iron Age settlement in the Vidarbha region. in the country About the site About the initiative  The site is situated in the vast meander of the  The Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry river Purna, a major tributary of Tapi, which used & Dairying requested Major Dairy Federations to to be a perennial river, but at present is completely encourage reuse of plastic milk pouches, in a dried-up due to the dam construction in the upper campaign mode, with 3R strategy – Reduce, stream. Rebate and Reuse. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 32 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  REDUCE consumption of plastics by subsidizing  A robust portal/Management Information System the price of the 1-liter pack over ½ liter pack (MIS) for delivery of the training, monitoring and support mechanism will also be infused with this  REBATE to customers for bringing back plastics capacity-building initiative.  REUSE of pouches for users such as Road Objectives construction, recyclers.  Media was requested to start a campaign like 1. Improvement in learning outcomes of the Swachcha Bharat to discourage plastics and students. thereby improve the environment. 2. Creation of an enabling and enriching inclusive classroom environment  The milk procurement price was observed to 3. Teachers become alert and responsive to have increased by Rs.1-2 across the country. The the social, emotional and psychological needs of representatives were requested to focus on the students as first-level counselors. quality aspects of milk and reduction in the cost of 4. Teachers are trained to use Art as pedagogy production. leading to increased creativity and innovation among students. Union HRD Minister launches 5. Teachers are trained to develop and NISHTHA strengthen the personal-social qualities of students for their holistic development. Context 6. Creation of a healthy and safe school environment.  Union Human Resource Development Minister 7. Integration of ICT in teaching-learning and Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched the assessment. National Mission to improve Learning Outcomes at 8. Developing a stress-free School-Based the Elementary level- NISHTHA, National Initiative Assessment focused on the development of for School Heads and Teachers Holistic learning competencies. Advancement. 9. Teachers adopt Activity Based Learning and move away from rote learning to competency- NISHTHA: National Initiative for School Heads’ based learning. and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement 10. Teachers and School heads to become aware of new initiatives in school education.  NISHTHA is a capacity building programme for 11. Transformation of the Heads of Schools into “Improving Quality of School Education through providing academic and administrative leadership Integrated Teacher Training”. It aims to build for the schools for fostering new initiatives. competencies among all the teachers and school principals at the elementary stage.  The functionaries shall be trained in an Power Minister Shri RK Singh integrated manner on learning outcomes, school- launches SARAL based assessment, learner-centered pedagogy, new initiatives in education, addressing the Context diverse needs of children through multiple pedagogies, etc.  Shri RK Singh, Union Minister of State for Power and New & Renewable Energy (IC) and Skill  This will be organized by constituting National Development & Entrepreneurship, launched the Resource Groups (NRGs) and State Resource State Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index–SARAL Groups (SRGs) at the National and the State level About SARAL who will be training 42 lakhs teachers subsequently. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 33 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  SARAL has been designed collaboratively by the About the MOU Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE),  The MoU enables the personnel of Indian Army Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF), Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry to immediately take over dwelling units in 13 of India (ASSOCHAM) and Ernst & Young (EY). ‘Ready to Move in’ projects of Tata Realty pan  It was launched during the Review Planning and India spread over 10 cities including Gurugram, Chennai, Bengaluru, Pune among others at a Monitoring (RPM) Meeting with States and State discount. Power Utilities. SARAL currently captures five key aspects –  This also heralds a new era for the Army Welfare  robustness of policy framework Housing Organization (AWHO), which has always  implementation environment endeavoured to provide quality housing for Army  investment climate personnel who are deployed in remote locations across the country.  consumer experience  AWHO will now facilitate the acquisition of  business ecosystem homes from reputed private builders at discounted  It encourages each state to assess the initiatives rather than building them for the soldiers. taken so far, and what it can do to improve its solar rooftop ecosystem. Dr Ajay Kumar appointed Defence  This will help states to channelize investments Secretary that can eventually help the sector grow. Context  In addition, such an exercise is likely to create a more conducive environment for solar rooftop  The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet installations, encourage investment and lead to (ACC) has approved the appointment of Dr Kumar accelerated growth of the sector. who will replace Shri Sanjay Mitra.  To achieve our rooftop solar targets, it is Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) important to develop an ecosystem that ensures information symmetry, access to financing and  The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet clear market signals. (ACC) decides appointments to several top posts  Thus, the MNRE has developed the State under the Government of India. Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index–SARAL that  The committee is composed of the Prime evaluates Indian states based on their Minister of India (who is the Chairman), and the attractiveness for rooftop development. Minister of Home Affairs.  SARAL is the first of its kind index to provide a  Originally the Minister-in-charge of the comprehensive overview of state-level measures concerned Ministry was also the part of the adopted to facilitate rooftop solar deployment. committee but as per the new notification (2016) the minister of concerned ministry has been MoU between AWHO and Tata Realty excluded from the committee. Context Sabka Vishwas – Legacy Dispute Resolution Scheme  A historic milestone was reached with the signing of an MoU between the Indian Army and Context Tata Realty & Housing Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 34 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  In the Union Budget 2019-20, the Hon’ble foster Inter-State co-operation and co-ordination Finance Minister announced the Sabka Vishwas- among the States. Legacy Dispute Resolution Scheme, 2019.  The Zonal Councils are mandated to discuss About the Scheme and make recommendations on any matter of common interest in the field of economic and  The two main components of the Scheme are social planning, border disputes, linguistic dispute resolution and amnesty. minorities or inter-State transport etc.  The dispute resolution component is aimed at  They are regional fora of cooperative endeavour liquidating the legacy cases of Central Excise and for States linked with each other economically, Service Tax that are subsumed in GST and are politically and culturally. pending in litigation at various forums.  Being compact high-level bodies, specially  The amnesty component of the Scheme offers meant for looking after the interests of respective an opportunity to the taxpayers to pay the Zones, they are capable of focusing attention on outstanding tax and be free of any other specific issues taking into account regional factors consequence under the law. while keeping the national perspective in view.  The most attractive aspect of the Scheme is that Proposal to declare ocean energy as it provides substantial relief in the tax dues for all Renewable Energy categories of cases as well as full waiver of interest, fine and penalty. Context  As the objective of the Scheme is to free as  In a decision that would give a boost to the large a segment of the taxpayers from the legacy ocean energy in India, Union Minister of State for taxes as possible, the relief given thereunder is Power and New & Renewable Energy (IC) and substantial. Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Shri RK Singh approved a proposal to declare ocean  The Scheme is specially tailored to free a large energy as Renewable Energy. number of small taxpayers of their pending Significance of Ocean energy disputes with the tax administration.  Oceans cover 70 per cent of the earth’s surface  Government urges the taxpayers and all and represent an enormous amount of energy in concerned to avail the SabkaVishwas – Legacy the form of wave, tidal, marine current and thermal Dispute Resolution Scheme, 2019 and make a gradient. new beginning. Meeting of Western Zonal Council Context  A variety of different technologies are currently under development throughout the world to  Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah harness this energy in all its forms. chaired the 24th meeting of the Western Zonal Council at Panaji (Goa)  Deployment is currently limited but the sector About Zonal Councils has the potential to grow, fuelling economic growth, reduction of carbon footprint and creating  The five Zonal Councils – Western, Eastern, jobs not only along the coasts but also inland Northern, Southern and Central – were set up along its supply chains. under the States Reorganization Act, 1956 to  India has a long coastline with the estuaries and gulfs. MNRE looks over the horizon at development of new technology and considers the Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 35 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 various options available to support its  Stationary wave energy conversion devices use deployment. pressure fluctuations produced in long tubes from the waves swelling up and down. This bobbing  The objective of the technology programme is to motion drives a turbine when critical pressure is accelerate and enhance support for the resource reached. assessment and deployment of ocean energy in the country and to harness it for power generation Current Energy and to overcome the barriers.  Marine current is ocean water moving in one direction. This ocean current is known as the Gulf  The potential locations identified at Khambat & Stream. Kutch regions, and large backwaters, where barrage technology could be used.  Tides also create currents that flow in two directions. Kinetic energy can be captured from  The total theoretical potential of wave energy in the Gulf Stream and other tidal currents with India along the country’s coast is estimated to less submerged turbines that are very similar in intensive than what is available in more northern appearance to miniature wind turbines. and southern latitudes. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)  Although currently under-utilised, Ocean energy is mostly exploited by just a few technologies: Wave, Tidal, Current Energy and Ocean Thermal  Ocean thermal energy conversion, or OTEC, Energy. uses ocean temperature differences from the surface to depths lower than 1,000 meters, to Tidal Energy  The tidal cycle occurs every 12 hours due to the extract energy. A temperature difference of only gravitational force of the moon. The difference in 20°C can yield usable energy. water height from low tide and high tide is potential energy.  Research focuses on two types of OTEC technologies to extract thermal energy and convert  Similar to traditional hydropower generated from it to electric power: closed cycle and open cycle. dams, tidal water can be captured in a barrage across an estuary during high tide and forced  In the closed cycle method, a working fluid, such through a hydro-turbine during low tide. as ammonia, is pumped through a heat exchanger and vaporized. This vaporized steam runs a  The Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch in turbine. Gujarat on the west coast have the locations in the country where the potential exists.  The cold water found at the depths of the ocean condenses the vapour back to a fluid where it Wave Energy returns to the heat exchanger.  Wave energy is generated by the movement of a  In the open cycle system, the warm surface device either floating on the surface of the ocean water is pressurized in a vacuum chamber and or moored to the ocean floor. Many different converted to steam to run the turbine. The steam techniques for converting wave energy to electric is then condensed using cold ocean water from lower depths. power have been studied. San-Sadhan Hackathon  Wave conversion devices that float on the Context surface have joints hinged together that bend with the waves. This kinetic energy pumps fluid through turbines and creates electric power. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 36 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The government calls for applications for its  This has been done through a first of its kind latest initiative under the Swachh Bharat Mission water data collection exercise in partnership with called the ‘San-Sadhan’ Hackathon. Ministry of Jal Shakti, Ministry of Rural Development and all the States/ Union Territories. About the initiative  It is an initiative to ease the lives of Persons with  The index would provide useful information for Disabilities (Divyangjan) by making toilets smarter, the States and also for the concerned Central more accessible, and easier to use Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better  In this hackathon, the government is looking for management of water resources. smart, scalable and innovative solutions for economical toilets for individual and community  CWMI 2.0 ranks various states for the reference use in rural and urban contexts year 2017-18 as against the base year 2016-17.  The initiative is being organized jointly by the  NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized Ministry of Jal Shakti and the Department of the Composite Water Management Index in 2018 Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, in as a tool to instil the sense of cooperative and collaboration with Atal Innovation Mission, NITI competitive federalism among the states. Aayog, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and 91springboard.  This was a first-ever attempt at creating a pan- India set of metrics that measured different  The Hackathon invites researchers, start-ups, dimensions of water management and use across student innovators, technology enthusiasts, and the lifecycle of water. industry experts to participate.  The report was widely acknowledged and  This hackathon is a great opportunity to win provided actionable guidance to States on where exciting prizes and get handholding and mentoring they were doing well absolutely and relatively and support by the ministry, industry experts and what they needed to focus on to secure their water ecosystem enablers. future.  The applicants will be showcasing their First World Youth Conference on innovations on the final day of the hackathon and Kindness the winners shall be felicitated during the valedictory function which is slated to be held in Context: mid-September. The President of India inaugurates the First Composite Water Management Index World Youth Conference on Kindness in New 2.0 Delhi. Details: Context  Addressing the Conference, Mr. Kovind said that  NITI Aayog will release the second Round of the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi are relevant across Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) times and are especially required in today’s times. About Composite Water Management Index  His ideals remain relevant amidst current concerns like peace and tolerance, terrorism and  The CWMI is an important tool to assess and climate change. improve the performance of States and Union Territories inefficient management of water  He said that strife arises because of deep-rooted resources. prejudice and that education is to play a vital role in removing those prejudices. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 37 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 About the World Youth Conference on About Fortification Kindness  Fortification is a complementary strategy to fight  The World Youth Conference on Kindness is malnutrition which involves the addition of key being organised for the first time. vitamins and minerals.  Organised by – UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi  Addition of vitamins and minerals such as iron, Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable iodine, zinc, vitamins A & D to staple foods such Development and the Ministry of Human Resource as rice, wheat, oil, milk and salt are done to Development. improve their nutritional content.  Aim of the conference – to impart critical  The government had advised all states and UTs, competencies (i.e. empathy, compassion, especially those that distribute wheat through PDS mindfulness and critical inquiry) in global youth to to distribute fortified wheat flour. inspire, empower and enable them to transform themselves and build long-lasting peace in their Dr Jitendra Singh presents Smart communities. Policing Awards at the Homeland Security 2019 conference  Youth leaders from more than 27 countries are participating in the conference.  Theme of the conference – ‘Vasudhaiva Context: Kutumbakam: Gandhi for the Contemporary Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh spoke at the World: Celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Homeland Security 2019 conference. He Mahatma Gandhi’. presented 35 Smart Policing Awards.  Date of the conference – 20th to 23rd August Details: 2019. Rice Fortification Pilot Scheme  35 Smart Policing Awards were given to the officers for working in the areas of anti-insurgency, Context: child safety, community policing, crime investigation & prosecution, cybercrime Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog Shri Rajiv Kumar management, emergency response, human discusses implementation of Rice Fortification trafficking, road safety & traffic management, Pilot Scheme with Union Minister of Consumer smart police station, surveillance & monitoring, Affairs, Food & PD, Shri Ram Vilas Paswan. training & capacity building, women safety and other police initiatives. Details:  Singh also released a compendium on ‘Best Practices in Policing’ on the occasion.  During the meeting it was decided that for effectively tackling the problem of Malnutrition in About the Homeland Security Conference India, a roadmap will be charted out by the Department of Food and Public Distribution for  The Homeland Security Conference is organised taking the pilot scheme of Rice Fortification by the Federation of Indian Chambers of throughout India. Commerce & Industry (FICCI)  For effective implementation, the government will, through a bottom-up approach, take into  It sees participation from senior officials of the consideration all stakeholders including state GOI, the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) governments in the economic policymaking. and various State Police Forces (SPFs), defence Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 38 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 force, intelligence agencies, domestic and global  The Anubhav portal was created in 2015 with a players, etc. vision to preserve the rich experience of retired  2019 is the 11th edition of the conference. officials in digital form.  Theme of the 2019 edition: Innovation Led  It is envisaged that their rich experience will be Cyber Crime Management preserved for future generation to learn and explore knowledge on various aspects of  The programme aims to bring together governance, culture & development history of a stakeholders from the Government, Intelligence & particular region. Police Forces, Industry, Academia & Think Tanks to promote development and implementation of  The Anubhav Awards were instituted in 2016 to systems and concepts to combat cyber-crime, encourage more retirees to submit their write-ups encourage ‘Make-in-India’ for Cybersecurity and regarding their experience of working with the provide platform to Indian startups for government on the portal. understanding the requirements of Government  The current awards series was the fourth annual agencies and support them to promote indigenous series of awards. expertise in cyber security. About All India Pension Adalat  It also has workshops for law enforcement agencies, and exhibition on homeland security.  The Pension Adalats were also organised by About FICCI various ministries and departments at different parts of the country.  It is India’s largest and oldest apex business  The Pension Adalat brings all stakeholders on a organisation. common table i.e., the aggrieved pensioner, the  It was established in 1927. concerned department, the bank or CGHS representative, wherever relevant, so that such  It serves its members from the Indian private and cases can be settled across the table within the public corporate sectors and multinational framework of extant rules. companies, drawing its strength from diverse regional chambers of commerce and industry  States and UTs are also conducting such across states. Pension Adalats.  It is a non-government and non-profit  It is an initiative of the Department of Pension & Pensioners’ Welfare. organisation.  It provides a platform for networking and  Last year, out of the 12849 cases that were consensus building within and across sectors. taken up at the Pension Adalat, 9368 cases were resolved. ANUBHAV Awards, 2019 Composite Water Management Index 2.0 Context: Minister of State Dr Jitendra Singh presents Context: ANUBHAV awards, 2019. The Minister also inaugurated the All India Pension Adalat organised The NITI Aayog has released the Report on the on the occasion. Composite Water Management Index 2.0. About ANUBHAV: Details of the Report released: Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 39 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  In the report released, Gujarat holds on to and its six FTA partners (China, Japan, India, its rank one in the reference year (2017-18), South Korea, Australia and New Zealand). followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.  In 2017, prospective RCEP member states accounted for a population of 3.4 billion people  In North Eastern and Himalayan with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP, PPP) of States, Himachal Pradesh has been adjudged 49.5 trillion USD, approximately 39 percent of the number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, world’s GDP, with the combined GDPs of India Tripura and Assam. and China making up more than half that amount.  Among the UTs which had submitted data for the  RCEP is the world’s largest economic bloc, first time, Puducherry has been adjudged covering nearly half of the global economy and is number 1. estimated that by 2050 the GDP of RCEP member states is likely to amount to nearly 250 trillion USD  In terms of incremental change in index (over with the combined GDPs of India and China 2016-17 level), Haryana holds number one making up more than 75 percent of the amount. position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and WorldSkills Kazan 2019 Himalayan States.  On average, 80% of the states assessed on the Context Index over the last three years have improved their water management scores, with an average The world’s biggest international vocational skills improvement of +5.2 points. competition, WorldSkills Kazan 2019 got underway with a grand ceremony at Kazan, Stakeholders’ Consultations by Russia. Department of Commerce on RCEP About the ceremony Context  Mahendra Nath Pandey, Hon’ble Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship inaugurated  In the last 6 years of the Regional the India Pavilion at the competition. Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations, more than 100 stakeholders’  Team India was familiarised with Russian culture consultations have been held by the Department during the One School-One Country program; also of Commerce and other lead Ministries and aims at encouraging children to join skill programs. Departments of the Government of India  ‘Future Skills’ category introduced at the Competition to focus on digital economy.  Consultations are held seeking industry inputs for formulating India’s interests, covering a wide About One School One Country spectrum of the economy including agriculture, chemicals, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals,  Before the opening ceremony, the competing plastics, textiles, ferrous and nonferrous metals, teams came together to present their national automobiles and machinery. cultures under the One School-One Country initiative. About RCEP  The initiative aims to promote cultural exchange  The RCEP is a proposed free trade agreement between the participating countries and to raise (FTA) between the ten member states of the the profile of skills and different career pathways. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 40 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Participants visited a Russian School, where  PV Sindhu won the gold medal at the BWF they interacted with Russian school students and World Championships. She became the first also participated in cultural programs. Indian to bag a gold medal at the World Championships. New Initiatives  An international conference, WorldSkills Chief of the Air Staff visits Thailand Conference 2019, will also be held alongside the skills competitions, for government Context representatives, experts and thought-leaders to interact on an array of topics on future of skills to Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa, maximize economic and social impact. Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of  Two new initiatives — WorldSkills Juniors and the Air Staff is embarking on a three day visit to ‘Future Skills — are also being introduced in this Thailand. edition. WorldSkills Junior aims at inspiring schoolchildren aged 14-16 years to join vocational India and Thailand and skill training and participate alongside the national teams.  Bilateral defence relations between India and  The focus of ‘Future Skills’ is to lay emphasis on Thailand have gained momentum consequent to relevant fields of activity in the era of high-tech India’s ‘’Look/ Act East Policy’. production and digital economy.  Along with overall improvement in relations at political, economic and cultural levels. Joint BWF World Championship Working Group on Security Cooperation, initiated in May 2003, had nominated Military Cooperation Context as one of the seven primary areas of focus to strengthen cooperation.  The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has  This was re-enforced in the joint statement congratulated P. V. Sindhu on winning Gold at issued during Thai Prime Minister’s official visit to BWF Championship. India in Jan 2012. India and Thailand have commemorated the 70th anniversary of the About BWF World Championship establishment of diplomatic relations in 2017.  Such visits and cooperation will contribute, in the  The BWF World Championships is held every medium and long term, towards India being a year except for the year of an Olympic Games. natural partner of Thailand for regional collaborative security initiatives.  It is a showcase of the very best in the sport and  The participation of the Indian Chairman COSC it determines who are the World Champions in would provide further impetus towards increasing each of the five disciplines, men’s and women’s defence cooperation with Thailand and pave the singles, men’s and women’s doubles and mixed way for greater interaction and cooperation in doubles. future.  The first World Championships was hosted in All villages will be linked with Wi-Fi Malmo Sweden in 1977, and the Championship was held every three years until 1983, after which, Context it became a biennial event until 2003. Since 2005 however, the BWF World Championships has  The Government today reiterated its become an annual tournament. commitment in providing Wi-Fi in all the villages Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 41 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 through GramNet with connectivity between About the Centre for Development of 10mbps to 100 Mbps speed. Telematics (C-DOT)  The Minister of State for Communications Shri  C-DOT is a premier Telecom R&D centre of the Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre launched C-DOT’s latest Government of India is observing its 36th innovations, “C-Sat-Fi (C-DOTSatellite WiFi”, Foundation Day celebrations. “XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network)” and “C-DOT’s Interoperable Set-Top  It was established in 1984 with an initial mandate Box (CiSTB). of designing and developing digital exchanges. C- DOT has expanded to develop intelligent C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi) computer software applications.  C-Sat-Fi is based on the optimal utilization of  Beginning with digital switching systems, C-DOT wireless and satellite communication to extend developed products for optical, satellite and connectivity to the unserved areas including the wireless communication from circuit switching remote islands and difficult terrains. technology, ATM and next-generation networks.  Besides offering the ease of deployment, the  From a pure hardware development centre, it solution is ideally suited to addressing disasters diversified into the development of telecom and emergencies when no other means of software like IN, NMS, Data Clearing House and communication are available. from a protected environment of closed market to an open and competitive market.  This cost-effective solution does not require expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any Draft National Resource Efficiency WiFi-enabled phone. Policy, 2019 C-DOT’s XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network) Context  C-DOT’s XGSPON is an effective solution to  Acknowledging the progress that has been made fulfil the rapidly increasing demands of high to implement Draft National Resource Efficiency network speeds emanating from the new Policy (NREP), the Ministry of Environment, Forest dimensions of user applications. and Climate Change have extended the timeline to  C-DOT’s XGSPON will help in meeting the invite comments on it. demands of applications like IPTV, HD Video Streaming, Online Gaming and host of other About the Draft National Resource Efficiency cloud-based services that necessitate the Policy (NREP) seamless availability of high bandwidth. C-DOT’s Interoperable Set-Top Box (CiSTB)  The Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NREP) envisions a future with environmentally  CiSTB will prove to be a boon to the dissatisfied sustainable and equitable economic growth, customers who cannot change their Cable TV resource security, healthy environment (air, water operator in view of the recurring costs of setting and land), and restored ecosystems with rich and installing the physical infrastructure afresh. ecology and biodiversity.  Based on a portable smart card like a mobile  The Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy is SIM, this solution will revolutionize the experience guided by the principles of of the Cable TV operators by offering them a high degree of choice, ease and convenience without  reduction in primary resource consumption to having to replace the once installed STB. ‘sustainable’ levels, in keeping with achieving the Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 42 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 Sustainable Development Goals and staying  MoU will help in developing specific strategies within the planetary boundaries, and action plans for HIV and AIDS prevention and  creation of higher value with less material mechanisms for drug addiction treatment and through resource efficient and circular extending social protection schemes to the approaches, vulnerable populations.  waste minimization,  The MoU will help in developing human resources and build capacity in order to strengthen  material security, and creation of employment the service delivery mechanisms for HIV & AIDS opportunities and business models beneficial to prevention, drug addiction treatment and referral the cause of environment protection and to services offered by National AIDS Control restoration. Programme and DoSJE. MoU for enhanced outreach on  The MOU will catalyze in achieving the national HIV/AIDS prevention goals and objectives of HIV prevention and impact mitigation. Context  Reduced incidence of social stigma and discrimination again victims of drug abuse and  An MoU was signed between National AIDS Children and People Living with HIV/AIDS through Control Organisation (NACO), under Ministry of programme education settingInclusion of target Health and Family Welfare, and Department of groups of NACO and National Action Plan for Drug Social Justice and Empowerment (DoSJE) under Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) in the programmes Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment of NAPDDR & NACO for awareness generation. (MoSJE). Notable achievements  Enhanced linkages and effective co-ordination between Injecting Drug Users Targeted  NACO has played a very big role in significantly Intervention (IDUs-TI) supported by NACO and reducing the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the Integrated rehabilitation center for Addicts (IRCAs) country, and that too faster than the global rates. supported by DSJE.  The impact of the programme has been  Create awareness and educate people about the significant with more than 80% decline in ill-effects of drugs abuse on the individual, family, estimated new infections from peak of epidemic in workplace and the society at large and reduce 1995. stigmatization of and discrimination against, groups and individuals dependent on drugs.  Similarly, estimated AIDS related death declined  Develop human resources and build capacity in by 71% since its peak in 2005. order to strengthen the service delivery mechanisms for drug addiction treatment.  As per UNAIDS 2018 report, the global average for decline in new infections and AIDS related  Developing welfare scheme aiming at social deaths from peak has been 47% and 51% inclusion and empowerment of Transgender which respectively. face extreme social alienation enhancing their vulnerability to HIV and drug abuse.  Dr Harsh Vardhan mentioned that the Government is fully committed for meeting all the  Address risk of HIV transmission among all set goals to eliminate HIV/AIDS by 2030. substance users through preventive risk reduction messaging on HIV/STI and linkages with Significance of MoU Integrated Testing and Counseling Centre (ICTC) and other services. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 43 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Include female sex workers and transgender as  3D Village Contour Maps may be created and target group for social defence and drug addicts made accessible for efficient planning of as a target group for NACO. interventions  Reduced incidence of social stigma and  In the past two months, JSA has delivered over discrimination again victims of drug abuse and 5 lakh local water conservation infrastructure in Children and People Living with HIV/AIDS through 256 districts. programme education setting  An estimated 3.7 crore people have already Jal Shakti Abhiyan becomes a Jan participated in the Abhiyan making it a Jan Andolan Andolan and about 12.3 crore saplings have been planted as afforestation intervention. Context Jal Jeevan Mission  The Cabinet Secretary, Shri Pradeep Kumar Context Sinha, reviewed the work done so far under the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA)  Union Minister for Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat chaired a Conference of State About Jal Shakti Abhiyan Ministers on Jal Jeevan Mission. Jal Jeevan Mission  The JSA is a countrywide effort to enhance water security, especially in water stressed  Major objective of Jal Jeevan Mission is to districts. provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all  Intervention Areas rural and urban households by 2024.  It seeks to converge with other Central and State  Water conservation and rainwater harvesting Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across  Renovation of traditional and other water India. bodies/tanks  Through the initiative government will promote creation of local infrastructure for rainwater  Reuse and recharge structures for water harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse  Watershed development in agriculture.  Intensive afforestation Mobile application-“Janaushadhi  Special Intervention Areas Sugam” launched  Development of Block and District Water Context Conservation Plans (To be integrated with the District Irrigation Plans)  Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers launched a mobile application “Janaushadhi  Krishi Vigyan Kendra Melas to promote efficient Sugam”. water use for irrigation (Per Drop More Crop), and Significance of this initiative better choice of crops for water conservation  In urban areas, plans/approvals with timebound targets to be developed for waste water reuse for industrial and agriculture purposes. Municipalities to pass by-laws for the separation of grey water and blackwater  Scientists and IITs to be mobilised at the national level to support the teams Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 44 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The minister announced that “Jan Aushadhi  India will be hosting the 14th Conference of Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” will Parties (COP14) to the UN Convention to Combat now be available at only One Rupee per pad. Desertification (UNCCD).  Janaushadhi Sugam app will enable people to UNCCD COP search for Janaushadhi generic medicines and the stores at the tip of their fingers.  India is currently the President of UNCCD COP for the next 2 years  About 28 million girls are reported to be leaving  The Convention entered into force in December education because of lack of availability of good 1996. It is one of the three Rio Conventions along quality Sanitary Napkin” pads at a reasonable with United Nations Framework Convention on cost. Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  The Government of India launched “Jan  The main objective of the convention is to Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary  Combat desertification and mitigate the effects of Napkin” at Rs 2.50 per pad on the eve of drought in countries experiencing serious drought the World Environment Day and/or desertification.  Involving long-term integrated strategies that  Jan Aushadhi Suvidha comes with a special focus simultaneously, in affected areas, on additive, which makes it biodegradable when it improved productivity of the land. comes in contact with oxygen after being  The rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable discarded. management of land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions, in particular at the  This is an important step in ensuring the health community level. security for the section of Indian women who still  The UNCCD is particularly committed to a use unhygienic aids during menstrual period due bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation to non-affordability of sanitary pads available in of local people in combating desertification and the market. land degradation.  This will ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged women of the Tenzing Norgay National Adventure country. This step was taken by the Department of Award Pharmaceuticals.  “Janaushadhi Sugam” app would have user- Context friendly options like- to locate nearby stores, direction guidance for the location through Google  Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2018 Map. Announced. About the award  The app will also enable to search Janaushadhi generic medicines, analyse product comparison of  Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Awards are Generic vs Branded medicine in form of MRP & given every year overall Savings, etc. India pledges to restore 50 lakh hectares Context  The objective is to recognize the achievements of persons in the fields of adventure, to encourage young people to develop the spirit of endurance, risk-taking, cooperative teamwork and quick, Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 45 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019 ready and effective reflexes in challenging  The proposed Agreement will further enhance situations. bilateral cooperation between the two countries in  This will also provide an incentive to the young the area of Medicinal Plants. people for getting exposed to the adventure  This will be of immense importance to both activities. countries. This Agreement will provide structured framework for cooperation between the two Agreement between India and Peru countries on Medicinal Plants. Context Cabinet approves MoU between India and Gambia  The Union Cabinet, has approved signing of agreement between the National Medicinal Plants Context Board, Ministry of AYUSH of the Republic of India and the National Institute of Health of the Ministry  The Union Cabinet has given ex-post facto of Health of the Republic of Peru on Cooperation approval to the Memorandum of Understanding in the field of Medicinal Plants. (MoU) between India and Gambia in the Field of Traditional Systems of Medicine. Background Significance  India is one of the richest countries in the world  The MoU will provide a framework for in terms of biodiversity and more than 7000 cooperation between India and Gambia for the species of plants are estimated to have medicinal promotion of traditional systems of medicine and usage in folk and documented systems of will mutually benefit the two countries in this field. traditional medicines like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha & Homoeopathy (AYUSH System of Medicine).  Activities mentioned in the MoU will boost the importance of AYUSH Systems of Medicine in  The Republic of Peru is one of the Latin Gambia. American Countries which are the biodiversity hotspots in the world and like India.  As a consequence of the MoU, exchange of experts for training of the practitioners, and  Peru is also having rich biodiversity of medicinal Scientists undertaking collaborative research in plants and the medicinal plants based traditional Traditional Systems of Medicine are expected to medicine practices are prominently practiced by lead to new innovations in drug development and indigenous people. practice of Traditional Medicine. Significance  Both countries having rich medicinal plants Review of FDI policy biodiversity and medicinal plants based indigenous traditional system of medicines. Context  Considering the richness of medicinal plants  The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal biodiversity and uses of these resources in for Review of Foreign Direct Investment on various Indigenous Traditional Systems of medicines in sectors. both countries and to strengthen the bilateral About FDI cooperation, the proposed Agreement on cooperation, in the field of medicinal plants is  FDI is a major driver of economic growth and a envisaged. source of non-debt finance for the economic development of the country. Impact Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 46 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Government has put in place an investor friendly  In the coal sector, for sale of coal, 100% FDI policy on FDI, under which FDI up to 100% is under automatic route for coal mining,activities permitted on the automatic route in most sectors/ including associated processing infrastructure will activities. attract international players to create an efficient  FDI policy provisions have been progressively and competitive coal market. liberalized across various sectors in recent years to make India an attractive investment destination.  Further, manufacturing through contract contributes equally to the objective of Make in  Some of the sectors include Defence, India. FDI now being permitted under automatic route in contract manufacturing will be a big boost Construction Development, Trading, to Manufacturing sector in India. Pharmaceuticals, Power Exchanges, Insurance, Pension, Other Financial Services, Asset  Easing local sourcing norms for FDI in Single reconstruction Companies, Broadcasting and Civil Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) was announced in Aviation. Union Budget Speech of Finance Minister. This  These reforms have contributed to India will lead to greater flexibility and ease of attracting record FDI inflows in the last 5 years. operations for SBRT entities, besides creating a level playing field for companies with higher  However, it is felt that the country has the exports. potential to attract far more foreign investment which can be achieved inter-alia by further  In addition, permitting online sales prior to liberalizing and simplifying the FDI policy regime. opening of brick and mortar stores brings policy in sync with current market practices. Online sales Stats on FDI will also lead to creation of jobs in logistics, digital payments, customer care, training and product  Total FDI into India from 2014-15 to 2018-19 has skilling. been US $ 286 billion as compared to US $ 189 billion in the 5-year period prior to that (2009-10 to  The above amendments to the FDI Policy are 2013-14). meant to liberalize and simplify the FDI policy to provide ease of doing business in the country,  In fact, total FDI in 2018-19 i.e. US $ 64.37 leading to larger FDI inflows and thereby billion (provisional figure) is the highest ever FDI contributing to growth of investment, income and received for any financial year. employment.  Global FDI inflows have been facing headwinds Establishment of an International for the last few years. CDRI  As per UNCTAD’s World Investment Report 2019, global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows Context slid by 13% in 2018  Despite the dim global picture, India continues to  The Union Cabinet has given ex-post facto remain a preferred and attractive destination for approval for the Establishment of an International global FDI flows. Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure Impact of FDI Policy Reform (CDRI) along with its supporting Secretariat Office in New Delhi  The changes in FDI policy will result in making India a more attractive FDI destination, leading to About CDRI benefits of increased investments, employment  The CDRI is proposed to be launched at the UN and growth. Climate Action Summit. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 47 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Organized by the UN Secretary General, this Context event will bring together the largest number of  Union Human Resource Development Minister Heads of States to generate commitments for launched one of world’s largest Integrated Online combating the effects of climate change and Junction for – School Education ‘Shagun’ resulting disasters, and will provide the high-level visibility required for the CDRI. About the initiative  A global coalition for disaster resilient  School Education Shagun (URL: infrastructure would address concerns that are common to developing and developed countries, htpp:// is an over-arching initiative small and large economies, countries at early and to improve school education system advanced stages of infrastructure development,  This is done by creating a junction for all online and countries that have moderate or high disaster portals and websites relating to various activities risk. of the Department of School Education and  Few concrete initiatives work at the intersection Literacy in the Government of India and all States of Sendai Framework, Sustainable Development and Union Territories. Goals (SDGs) and Climate Change Adaptation  Shagun is coined from two different words- with a focus on infrastructure. ‘Shala’ meaning Schools and ‘Gunvatta’ meaning Impact Quality.  The CDRI will serve as a platform where  This online junction of different websites and knowledge is generated and exchanged on portals into a single platform will enhance the different aspects of disaster and climate resilience accessibility of information relating to schools and of infrastructure. will ensure a holistic approach to transform education sector.  It will bring together technical expertise from a multitude of stakeholders. In doing so, it will create  The portal seeks to connect approximately 92 a mechanism to assist countries to upgrade their lakh teachers and 26 crore students. capacities and practices, with regard to infrastructure development in accordance with Major focus of the portal their risk context and economic needs.  Reinforcing and cleaning the data of the  This initiative will benefit all sections of society. Integrated Online Junction through feedback from Economically weaker sections of society, women Stakeholders and children, are the most vulnerable to the impacts of disasters and hence, will be benefitted  Ensuring full inter-operability among the from the improvement of knowledge and practice websites, portals and applications which are in creating disaster resilient infrastructure. already hosted in the junction  It will also benefit all areas with high disaster  Creating high quality e-contents, including risk. In India, the north-eastern and Himalayan quizzes and puzzles to enhance learning and also regions are prone to earthquakes, coastal areas to for teachers in aiding classroom transactions cyclones and tsunamis and central peninsular region to droughts.  Using artificial intelligence and deep machine learning in a variety of ways to enhance the quality of school education including for designing evidence-based inventions. Online junction for School Education PM launches the Fit India Movement ‘Shagun Context Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 48 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched beneficiaries of completed houses under PMAY the Fit India Movement at a ceremony in New (U) Delhi on the occasion of National Sports Day.  This will be done through community  Launching the people’s movement on the birth mobilisation and IEC activities.For this purpose, anniversary of Major Dhyanchand, Prime Minister the campaign will converge with schemes and Narendra Modi paid tributes to Major Dhyanchand, Missions of other Ministries dealing with these India’s sports icon who enthralled the world with subjects. his game and techniques.  The convergence would especially focus on About the movement Ujjwala for gas connection and Ayushman Bharat for health insurance to the beneficiaries of PMAY  The Fit India Movement aims to encourage (U). Indians to include fitness activities and sports in E-course on Vulnerability Atlas their daily lives to pave way for a healthy and fit lifestyle.  The e-course on Vulnerability Atlas is offered by  The Prime Minister during his speech on Fit the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in India said that fitness is not just a word but a way collaboration of School of Planning & Architecture to lead a healthy life. (SPA), New Delhi and Building Materials &  The Prime Minister observed that the root cause Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC). of most lifestyle diseases are lifestyle disorders  It is a unique course that offers awareness and and there are many diseases that can be understanding about natural hazards, helps overcome by making small changes in our lifestyle identify regions with high vulnerability with respect  Lifestyle diseases like diabetes and hypertension to various hazards (earthquakes, cyclones, are increasing in India. Hence, the Prime Minister landslides, floods, etc.) and specifies district-wise said that Fit India should be seen as a household level of damage risks to the existing housing movement, a daily routine. stock.  The movement is not just central government’s  The e-course will be a tool for effective & but of all state governments, panchayats and local efficient disaster mitigation & management in the bodies. field of Architecture, Civil Engineering, Urban & Regional Planning, Housing & Infrastructure Campaign Angikaar & E-Course on Planning, Construction Engineering & Management and Building & Materials Research. Vulnerability Atlas Context SKOCH Governance Gold Award  Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Context Affairs today launched “angikaar” a campaign for change managementand e-Course on  Deendayan Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Vulnerability Atlas of India. Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM), a flagship mission under the Ministry of Housing and Urban About the campaign Angikaar Affairs has been conferred the prestigious SKOCH Governance Gold Award for its Portal for  Angikaar has been launched for social behaviour Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access change, focusing on issues such as water & (PAiSA). energy conservation, waste management, health, tree plantation, sanitation and hygiene for About PAiSA Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 49 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  Launched in November 2018, PAiSA is a  Science for epidemic preparedness centralized IT platform which simplifies and  Science for extreme weather events streamlines release of interest subvention under the Mission.  Geophysical hazards including earthquakes and landslides  It offers end to end online solution for processing, payment, monitoring and tracking of  Civil nuclear safety including modelling of interest subvention claims from banks on a radiological release will be covered in the two-day monthly basis. dialogue.  Claims for subvention are uploaded by banks Aqua Aquaria India 2019 through their CBS (Core Banking Solution) in respect of the beneficiaries of the Self Context: Employment Programme, which are verified and approved by the ULB and State concerned. The Vice President Shri Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the 5th edition of India’s international  The approved claim amount gets credited aquaculture show, the Aqua Aquaria India 2019. directly to the beneficiary’s loan account through DBT mode.SMS is also sent to the beneficiary’s Details: mobile number intimating the credit of subvention amount.  The Aqua Aquaria India exhibit is organised by The Marine Products Export Development India-UK workshop Authority (MPEDA) once every two years.  It is one of the largest aquaculture cum Context aquariculture shows in Asia. A two days India-UK workshop on Science for  It offers a platform for the stakeholders of Disaster and Emergency Risk Management was aquaculture and ornamental fish to meet, discuss inaugurated. various aspects and be updated on the latest developments in the area. About the workshop  Renowned experts from all over the world will  The key objective of the workshop is to share the give technical sessions on various related aspects. Indian and UK advise mechanisms and practices for using science and technology in the  In 2019, the fifth edition is being held at management of emergencies and disasters. Hyderabad. About 5000 delegates from India and abroad are participating this time.  The interactions will focus on presenting both  Date of the event: 30th August to 1st September countries respective scientific and technological 2019. apparatus for mitigating disasters proactively with  The previous edition was held at Mangalore in the aim to facilitate adoption of best practices by Karnataka, in 2017. identifying new opportunities. About MPEDA:  This will also help in building upon the existing  MPEDA was established by an Act of Parliament Indo-UK collaborations on science and in 1972. technology.  It is engaged in promoting the marine products industry with special reference to exports from the  The selected risk areas of interest to both country. countries including case studies covering  Science for Disaster management  Risk assessment for resilience  It regulates exports of marine products. Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

pg. 50 Easy to PICK–“PIB Monthly Magazine \"August - 2019  It is also the nodal agency for the holistic Self Help Groups and various loan beneficiaries development of seafood industry in India. under MUDRA and Stand-up India scheme.  It focuses on market promotion, capture Details: fisheries, culture fisheries, processing infrastructure & value addition, quality control,  This will enable promotion of special initiatives of research and development. GeM like Womaniya and Start-up Runway with SIDBI stakeholders. New Cabinet Secretary  Both parties will take steps to ensure payments within a guaranteed timeframe to sellers, enhance Context: working capital availability through bill discounting and control NPAs through control of end use. Shri Rajiv Gauba today took over as the new About Start-up Runway: Cabinet Secretary in the Government of India after the superannuation of Shri P.K. Sinha. About the Post of the Cabinet Secretary (CS)  This scheme was launched in February 2019.  The Cabinet Secretary is the top-most executive  It was initiated by GeM to promote official and senior-most civil servant of the entrepreneurship through innovation. Government of India.  He/she is the ex officio head of the Indian  It is an opportunity for agile and lean Startups to Administrative Service (IAS). reach out to the universe of Government Buyers  He/she reports directly to the Prime Minister. by offering products and services that are unique  From 2010, the term of a Cabinet Secretary is in concept, design, process and functionality four years. through StartUp Runway corner. Functions of the CS:  This scheme will help startups to: 1. He/she heads the Cabinet Secretariat. 2. Is the chief coordinator of the Union  Introduce their unique innovations to government and PSU buyers. Government. 3. Is the chairperson of the Civil Services Board,  Assess utility and market acceptability of startup products/services. the Senior Selection Board, the Conference of Chief Secretaries of States, etc.  Spur hyper-local job-creation and wealth 4. Advises the PM. generation to achieve inclusive growth by way of 5. Prepares the agenda for and minutes of the helping startups. Cabinet meetings. About Womaniya: GeM and SIDBI sign MoU  It is an initiative to enable women entrepreneurs Context: and women self-help groups (WSHGs) to sell handicrafts and handloom, accessories, jute and The Government e Marketplace (GeM) has signed coir products, home décor and office furnishings, an MoU with Small Industries Development Bank directly to various Government ministries, of India (SIDBI) to benefit MSMEs, women departments and institutions. entrepreneurs, Self Help Groups (SHGs), Women  The initiative seeks to develop women entrepreneurship on the margins of society to achieve gender-inclusive economic growth. National Lab Directory Aspire IASThe name associated with excellence 10/70 Old Rajeneder Nagar N.Delhi www.aspireias.com8010068998/9999801394 ©2018 ASPIRE IAS. All rights reserved

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