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Published by emma vagamondo, 2020-01-05 08:49:08

Description: WILD PART 4


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WILD. JENUARY 2020 a youngster manual for future outdoor leaders CREDITS EMMA DI PIETRANTONIO in this issue: PUBLISHED BY VAGAMONDO CREW what if am I outdoor?


This Outdoor Book belong to

GROUP DYNAMICS AND TMB IMPLEMENTATION. \"The strength of the team is each individual member. The strength of each member is the team.\" --Phil Jackson how much do you want to inspire your team? GROUP DYNAMICS WHAT IS GROUP DYNAMICS? Group dynamics deals with the To understand group dynamics attitudes and behavioral we must firstly know what a group is, so... patterns of a group. Group vagamondo crew 64 A group refers to two or more people who share a common dynamics is concerned how meaning and evaluation of themselves and come groups are formed, what is together to achieve common goals. their structure and which processes are followed in their functioning. Thus, it is concerned with the interactions and forces operating between groups.

PRINCIPLES OF GROUP let's be the best group ever FEAUTURES OF GROUP DYNAMICS  DYNAMICS The members of the group must have a Group Dynamics refers to the study strong sense of belonging to the group. of forces operating within a group. The more attraction a group member is Following are some of its salient to its members, the greater influence it features : would exercise on its members. The successful efforts to change individuals Group orientation: Group sub parts of the group would result in Dynamics is concerned with group . making them confirm to the norms of Wherever a group exists the the group. Information relating to the individuals interact and members need for change , plans for change and are continuously changing and the consequences of the changes must adjusting relationship with respect be shared by the members of the group. to each other . Various changes: Changes go on occurring like The changes in one pact of the groups introduction of the new members, may produce stress in the other parts, changes in leadership, presence of which can be reduced only by old and new members and the rate eliminating the change or by bringing of change – fast or slow . The groups about readjustments in the related may dissolve if the members are parts.  The groups arise and function not enthusiastic about the goals . owing to common motives. The Dynamic Nature: There may be intergroup relations , group organization rigidity or flexibility that influences , member participation is essential for a group dynamics .If the members effectiveness of a group. JANUARY 2020 Confidentiality is a major requirement which is achieved by mutual respect for get along well there is smooth oneWaILnDot6h5er. sailing for the group and if there is conflict it leads to problems.

FEAUTURES OF GROUP VARIOUS ROLES AND ACTIONS DYNAMICS TASK RELATED ACTIONS Showing initiative and GROUP ACTIVITIES: THE GROUP activity: making suggestions, expressing ideas, ORGANIZATION IS ESSENTIAL. IT tackling an existing problem anew, restructuring LEADS TO GREATER GROUP material. Looking for information: asking EFFECTIVENESS, PARTICIPATION, questions to specify suggestions, asking for COOPERATION AND A additional information. Learning others' CONSTRUCTIVE MORALE. opinions: trying to find out other people's feeling ADJUSTMENTS: DYNAMIC in regard to suggestions that have been made, GROUPS ARE ALWAYS IN etc. Providing information: introducing others to CONTINUOUS PROCESS OF the facts, sharing in experiences. Delving into RESTRUCTURING, ADJUSTING AND the issue at hand: giving example, trying to READJUSTING MEMBERS TO ONE imagine the consequences of specific suggestions. ANOTHER FOR THE PURPOSE OF Coordinating: organizing relationships and REDUCING THE TENSIONS, ideas, combining the activities of various smaller ELIMINATING THE CONFLICTS AND groups. Summarizing. SOLVING THE PROBLEMS WHICH ITS MEMBERS HAVE IN COMMON. beginning. Keeping \"Coming together is a together is progress. Working together is success.\" --Henry Ford WILD 66 JANUARY 2020

PROCESS RELATED ACTIONS NEGATIVE ACTIONS Encouraging: being friendly, Aggressive action: determining one's status by criticizing others or doing them in; hostile considerate, ready to respond to actions towards the group or individuals in the group; always trying to dominate. others, praising others and their Blocking: sabotaging the further development of the group by focusing on insignificant ideas, agreeing to what others have problems or talking about one's own experiences that is not associated with the said. Staying within boundaries: problem at hand; a prejudiced rejection of others' ideas. Fishing for sympathy: using helping others express themselves the group as an audience for expressing one's own feelings or opinions (that are not (e.g. \"We still haven't heard John's associated with the goals of the group); trying to get on the good side of group members by opinion\"), limiting the length of one's telling them about one's problems and failures; explaining things in a very turns so that everyone has time to complicated way. Dominating: arguing with others about the best ideas; talking non-stop; express themselves. Agreeing to trying to be the most important person; taking over leadership. Being a clown: rules: setting rules for the group that playing the fool, telling jokes, imitating others; interrupting the group's work. regulate content, processes, and Looking for attention: attracting the attention of others, for example, by talking decision making. Following along: loudly or at length; expressing extreme ideas; acting strangely. Stepping back: acting in a complying with the group's decisions, passive or inappropriate way, for example, daydreaming, whispering, avoiding the topic. carefully listening to others and \"It takes two flints accepting their ideas, being an active to make a fire.\" -- Louisa May Alcott listener in group discussions. JANUARY 2020 Expressing the emotions of the group: defining the emotions generated by the group, sharing observations about group members. Analyzing: checking whether the group's decisions comply with the rules. Diagnosing: defining sources of problems, determining next steps, analysing the main obstacles to further activity. Analyzing the stage of the group's development: finding out the members' opinions, evaluating whether the group is nearing a collective solution. Being an intermediary: harmonizing, smoothing out differing opinions, offering compromises. Lessening tension: using humour to avert negative emotions, calming the situation by lookWinILgDat t6h7e bigger picture.

Active Listening Listen to the speaker, then acknowledge back what was heard. Brainstorming process for generating creative ideas and solutions through intensive and freewheeling group discussion. Go-rounds This is a simple technique that encourages participation. The facilitator states a question and then goes around the room inviting everyone to answer briefly. This isn’t like an open discussion. Identification It is good to address each other by name. when people speak, it is useful for them to identify themselves so all can gradually learn each others names. CAUSES OF POOR GROUP DYNAMICS Weak leadership: when a team lacks a strong leader, it leads to a lack of direction, infighting, or a focus on the wrong priorities. Excessive deference to authority: this can happen when people want to be seen to agree with a leader, and therefore hold back from expressing their own opinions. Blocking: this happens when team members behave in a way that disrupts the flow of information in the group. People can adopt blocking roles such as: i) the aggressor, ii) the negotiator, iii) the withdrawer, iv) the recognition seeker, and v) the joker. Group Think: this happens when people place a desire for consensus above their desire to reach the right decision. This prevents people from fully exploring alternative solutions. Free riding: here, some group members take it easy, and leave their colleagues to do all the work. Free riders may work hard on their own, but limit their contributions in group situations; this is known as \"social loafing.“ Evaluation apprehension: team members' perceptions can also create a negative group dynamic. Evaluation apprehension JhAaNpUpAeR nY s2 0w2 0hen people feel that they are being judged excessively WILD 68 harshly by other group members, and they hold back their opinions as a result.

LEARNING JENUARY 2020 WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS TEAM BUILDING “Gettin’ good players is Team Building is the use of different types of interventions used to easy. Gettin’ ’em to play enhance social relations and clarifying team members their roles. together is the hard part.” –Team building was originally a group process intervention aimed at improving inter-personal relations and social interactions. Casey Stengel DIFFERENce between work group and work team In a Work team The leader acts as a facilitator and is not dominates and controls the group. In a work team The members have active participation in the discussions and eventual outcome and the leader is not apparent and doesn't will conduct the meeting. In a work team The team members decide on the disbursements of work assignments and not the leader. STEPS IN BUILDING ON A TEAM There are basically five steps. In the first stage, FORMING Members get to know each other & set ground rules. Then we have the second stage, the STORMING where members come to Resist Control by group Leaders & Show hostility . The third stage is the NORMING. Members Work Together developing Close Relationships & feelings of Cohesiveness. Then there is the PERFORMING. In the Performing, Group members work towards Getting their jobs done. At last we have the fifth stage the ADJOURNING while Group may disband either after meeting their goals or because members Leave. WILD 69 EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

JENUARY 2020 WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS LEARNING 1.FORMING “Forming” is the initial 5TH TMB stage of development, DESCRIPTION when team members may often have differing ideas WILD 70 about purpose. There is relatively little trust. People tend to be careful about what they say, and how they say it. Everyone is on his or her “best behavior.” EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

JENUARY 2020 WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS 2.STORMING “Storming” represents the arguing that will likely occur as the team defines itself. There may be LEARNING conflict about the purpose, leadership, and working procedures. During this stage people often feel the team will 5TH TMB never “come together.” DESCRIPTION This stage is similar to the human developmental stage of adolescence. WILD 71 EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

LEARNING 3.NORMING “Norming” is the stage that 5TH TMB occurs when the team DESCRIPTION members are developing a shared vision and are setting goals and objectives. People are getting to know one another’s strengths and are learning how best to work together. The team experiences more stability and productivity. WILD 72 JENUARY 2020 WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

LEARNING 5TH TMB DESCRIPTION 4.PERFORMING “Performing” indicates that the members now have a clear, shared sense of purpose, high trust, and open communication. The team is effective within the existing paradigm. Camaraderie, relationships, and team spirit are high. JENUARY 2020 WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS WILD 73 EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

GNINRAEL 5TH TMB DESCRIPTION 5.ADJOURNING “Adjourning” occurs when the team is at such an effective level of functioning that it can redefine its shared purpose JENUARY 2020 and respond quickly to WILD- A YOUNGSTER MANUAL FOR FUTURE OUTDOOR LEADERS change. The leadership within the team is shared, trust is high, and communication is open. WILD 74 EMMA DPT FOR VAGAMONDO CREW FOLLOW UP NO BOX PROJECT

Cooperation and respect for each other will advance the cause of human rights worldwide. Confrontation, vilification, and double standards will not.Robert Mugabe SCALE OF COOPERATION JENUARY 2020 WILD |  75 The Cooperation Scale is helpful for each stage of team development. In opposing teams and also in top teams who (want to) function optimally under high pressure.

RISK MANAGEMENT. are u ready to risk? The biggest risk is not taking any risk... ... FUNDAMENTAL OF RISK APPROACH GUIDELINES MANAGEMENT Historical approaches to Risk management has risK management in become a much discussed organised outdoor topic in the outdoor activities have centered education literature in on the adoption of recent years, and a guidelines or ‘standing number of approaches to orders’ on aspects such as; it have been proposed. of minimum experience or program participants vagamondo crew 77 from harm. The term ‘risk qualifications of leaders, management’ is now very minimum &/or maximum much part of the jargon in number of persons in a all organisations and the group, maximum number sort of risks that one is of participants per leader, expected to consider prior experience required within an overall risk of participants, minimum management plan seem equipment standards, an to have considerably intra-organisational increased. approval processes.

The most straight-forward There is some evidence that human-caused climate change is approach for outdoor programs is leading to an increase in the severity of weather-related natural that described in Haddock’s (1993) disasters. Wildfires may become more prevalent during droughts, book, Managing Risks in Outdoor hurricanes can be intensified by warmer weather over the oceans, Activities, where she outlines the and more severe inland storms can cause unexpected flooding and New Zealand Mountain Safety mudslides. This has implications for how we organize our cities, and Council Risk Analysis and how we conduct and execute disaster-relief plans, but it’s also Management System (RAMS) important for outdoors enthusiasts to be ready for whatever comes specifically tailored for outdoor their way.Even if the weather does not become more intense due to activities. The basis to the RAMS global climate change, hikers and campers should still be prepared framework is that dangers in for any sort of conditions that they may encounter outdoors. In these outdoor activities can arise from environments, where there’s not always the comfort of a sturdy roof three sources, environmental, or room enough to store weeks worth of supplies, it’s critical to be human and equipment factors, and prepared for any sort of natural disaster. In this guide, you will find that these should be considered information about the kinds of disasters that may strike, how to separately.Risk  is the potential of survive them, and how to be prepared for whatever may come losing something of value. Values your way in the wild. (such as physical health, social status, emotional well being or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action, activity and/or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen. Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty. Uncertainty is a potential, unpredictable, unmeasurable and uncontrollable outcome, risk is a consequence of action taken in spite of uncertainty.Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity and/or probability of a risk, and may vary person to person. Any human 0202 YRAUNAJ endeavor carries some risk, but somWIeLDare78much riskier than others.

You take a risk every time you run Pick out the best route up a out on the field, hop on your bike, mountain whether you see one; or tie your tramping boots. Overall, look for the best fords in the the risk of serious injury or death river, even if you are never from sport and recreation is likely to cross it; keep your extremely low.But there’s almost eye open for good campsites: always some risk.Defining the if you are passing through the world’s sport and recreation  in gorge of a river, by road or terms of danger levels is not an easy task, mainly because rail, try to figure out how comparing, say, motor sport with you would have tackled it on tramping, presents problems.So, foot in its natural state. Note there are  a few things to consider the character of ridges and first.  Any team sport with a ball, valleys, and especially note anything with horses, or water, and prominent objects so that you any sport involving a vehicle, runs a will recognise them when you risk of injury or death. That’s part see them again; keep looking of the attraction of taking part and back on your route so as to playing. ENVIRONMENT Factors familiarise yourself with what that originate from the surroundings and can impact on you will see on the return the activity, such as weather, journey. terrain, availability of shelter, remoteness, etc. PEOPLE Attributes A.P. Harper, Camping and that people (both leaders and Bushcraft in New Zealand for participants) bring to an activity, such as skills, knowledge, Beginners, 1945 experience, health and fitness, age, fears, etc. EQUIPMENT Resources that impact on the activity, such as clothing, buoyancy aids, kayaks, tents, climbing ropes, helmets, motor vehicles, etc. WILD 79 0202 YRAUNAJ


The basic formula that is used for 0202 YRAUNAJ calculating the level of risk is RISK = FREQUENCY/PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE * SEVERITY OF OUTCOME This means that you multiply the  Probability  that something will occur  times  the  Severity  if it does. For our discussion we can set a scale of 1-10 for both Probability and Severity. That means the lowest Risk Level could be 1 and the highest level 100.Example: the Probability that novice hikers on an extended backpacking trip will get blisters is moderate. Let’s give it a 5 on a scale of 10. The Severity of blisters is low. Let’s give it a scale of 2. Multiplying the two scores we get a 10 Risk Level. watch RASM To get more info about this topic you should watch this video. The Risk Assessment and Safety Management Model (RASM) by Rick Curtis has been presented at national and international conferences including the Wilderness Risk Management Conference and the Association for Experiential Education Conference. Learn a new approach to effective safety and risk management for your organization for you and for your staff. WILD 81

STATE vagamondo crew 82 MANAGEMENT. DISCOVER YOUR PEAK STATE YOUR THREE STEPS TO A BREAKTHROUGH Do you ever find yourself in a In order to master your Y If you stand up straight, bad mood only to feel that emotions, and to get into a you’ll feel more proud and everything keeps going tool called STATE alert. If you slump over and wrong? Or when you are in a MANAGEMENT TRIANGLE. neglect your body, you’re good mood, things seem to You need to master the more likely to feel negatively. keep getting better? This is a three forces that control The next time you feel result of our state of mind. your emotions – the yourself in a bad mood, stand What we do and how we feel emotional triad – your up and breathe deeply. You is determined by the state we BODY, your LANGUAGE and have the power to change are in. Our emotions have the your FOCUS. 1.BODY The your state.You know ability to control everything first component of intuitively that you feel your in our lives – our mood, our emotional triad is your best when you get enough decisions and our actions. If BODY and refers not only sleep and nourish your body you want to start making the body but all its systems, with quality food and positive changes, you need to and by extension, elements nutrients. Even though it can get into a positive state. that directly impact those be tempting to skimp on Achieving a positive mindset systems. If you want to these basic things, don’t take comes down to master your feelings, you that shortcut. Give yourself understanding emotional must be aware of how your enough sleep to keep your triad psychology.New to feelings and your body are mind clean and clear, and emotional triad psychology? interconnected. our feelings take the time to  eat foods Here’s what you need to are dictated by your that make you feel full, know. movement. How you use nurtured and healthy. your body affects how you feel mentally and emotionally.

STATE vagamondo crew 83 MANAGEMENT. DISCOVER YOUR PEAK STATE YOUR THREE STEPS TO A BREAKTHROUGH The second component of If you’re struggling to catch If you feel your focus your own negative words, STATE MANAGEMENT enlist the help of friends, wavering or needing a little family and even coworkers. TRIANGLE is language. You Once you begin to alter your refreshment, consider spoken word patterns and speak to yourself internally funnel them to a more clearing your mind. Exercise positive frame, you’ll more and out loud. How you talk to easily be able to alter your can help you release stress internal speech to yourself. yourself determines how you By  changing your language, and center your focus. If you you can change your focus operate in the world. If you and your future. The third don’t have time to hit the component of the STATE ask questions like “Why do MANAGEMENT TRIANGLE gym or go for a run, consider says that what you put your bad things always happen to FOCUS on is where you set doing a short meditation to your intention. Focus on the me?” instead of “What can I things you want and are refresh your focus. You can working toward, instead of do to better my situation?” the things holding you back. do meditation anywhere, By setting your focus on the you are more likely to feel positives, your mental state even at your desk at work. In will shift drastically. powerless in your own life. addition to the obvious How you use language health benefits, you’ll find it determines what emotions easier to focus on what you feel, so choose wise matters to you the most. You words when you speak to need to ask yourself, “What yourself. In order to keep am I going to focus on?” every yourself thinking positively day. and focused on the future and possibilities, keep track LANGUAGE of your positive and negative words. Every time you find BODY yourself saying a word that takes your focus in a negative direction, replace that word with a new, positive one. FOCUS

STATE WHAT TO DO vagamondo crew 84 MANAGEMENT. WITH OUR CONFORT ZONE AS OUTDOOR LEADER? What do you do?Explore Your The term “comfort zone” was Growth ZoneWe are not originally coined by Alasdair White, a Business plateaus and life is not a Management Theorist, in 2009. Popular definitions of what straight line. At times we’ll a  comfort zone  is go something like this: A comfort feel resilient and confident zone is a psychological state in which things feel familiar to a enough to play jump rope with person, and they are at ease, and in control of their what the definition of our environment, experiencing low levels of  anxiety  and comfort zone might be. For stress. In this zone, a steady level of performance is me, moving across the world possible.Many of us are familiar with Maslow’s to take a chance on love was Hierarchy of Needs. What you might not be too familiar with one such period of life. But if is that for human beings, feelings of safety are second the same scenario had been only to the physiological requirements of the hierarchy presented two or even the The comfort, growth or panic (food, water, shelter). hat’s a pretty powerful need and a year before, during a time zone for one individual will strong reason for wanting to stay in our comfort zone.We when was heavily committed look dramatically different to feel safe = we stay alive.Thus, in a nutshell, our comfort zone to keeping safe and the next. For me, my comfort is the sweet spot, but if we want to achieve optimal maintaining my comfort zone, zone is not a place of performance, we have to step outside it just a tiny bit, but it’s unlikely I would have stagnation. It is stillness and not too much, and preventing us from wanting to do that at taken the chance.In recent restoration. It’s a place I all, is the deep-seated need to stay safe. years psychologists have come back when my expanded on the concept of confidence is depleted and the comfort zone and my resilience is waning. It is developed it to include two filled with the things that fuel new zones: your growth zone me, and I take no shame in and your panic zone. Along the retreating to it when I’ve lines of Yerkes “Optimal emerged too deeply into the Anxiety” theory, these zones panic zone.Yes, a lot of magic provide you with the options can happen when we take a to see what growth looks like chance and step over into an for you. Your growth zone area of growth. But what is exists outside of your comfort deeply comforting, is zone but is not a place of knowing that your comfort stress, on the flipside, it’s a zone is there, waiting to space of opportunity.This a welcome you, when you need space well worth exploring. it.So the next time someone When it feels right for you to tells you, you need to “break do so.What the “break out of out” of anything that makes your comfort zone” crusaders you feel good, feel free to tell




THE GAMIFICATION MgIaimtlcibkhleinHgt.eo dIpbl'eamrygaRdbeldaaiccdkt ejadckt.o Isi'tmtinngotinadadiscetmedi-ctiorcle. Gamification  is among the latest tech industry buzzwords, but the core concept of using games and gaming strategy to engage users is not new at all.It is fast becoming  increasingly useful and valuable in social learning as it aids information retention and aids learning, it is the addition of various systems such as points, scoring, rules of play and competition added to various mundane tasks to make them more engaging and ultimately more exciting. This can be a great tool in various context and as we know is one of the basis of the non formal education especially when we are talk about Outdoor training. PAGE 17

THE GAMIFICATION “It is a happy talent to know how to play.”– Ralph Waldo Emerson A lot of studies shows how much Gamification helps grow and mature, on a personal level, as well as within society. In many cases, teamwork or coexisting, can play an important role. By developing the skills of each individual, you boost their self-esteem.The capacity to learn and discover on your own develops a healthy critical attitude of your surroundings, social norms and power mechanisms.Boosts job placement opportunities and encourages self- employment. WILD 89

WILD. a youngster manual for future outdoor leaders Writing this Manual- WILD a youngster manual for future outdoor leaders is harder than I thought and more rewarding than I could have ever imagined. None of this would have been possible without you. NO BOX Team members i say to you all my appreciation for this incredible adventure we lived together. It was AMAZING! Writing WILD i felt like i explored again all the places, the faces, the fantastic moments that we faced. I’m eternally grateful to Panagiotis Mamouzakis and Ilze Bergmane. You guys, taught me discipline, tough love, manners, respect, and so much more that has helped me succeed in life. Let's do more and more. My WILD graphic design wouldn’t have been made possible without Greta Nara and Vykintas Sniečkus, lots of credits to them for the amazing pictures. Love you! A very special thanks to Vagamondo President Fabiano Brn Thank you for introducing me to this wonderful project and give me this suggestion to create this work about Outdoor.Writing a book about Outdoor is a surreal process. I’m forever indebted to everyone of u. I’m honored to be a part of, thank you for letting me serve, for being a part of our amazing company, and for showing up every day and helping more people turn their ideas into stories.To all the people that cross my face, my work, my story or will do in the next future. To you that in this moment are reading WILD because someone talk to you about this or maybe you are interesting in Outdoor training and you find it. Hope that you like it, you read it, you love it, maybe write another edition who knows....let's bring knowledge to this world. A smile Emma


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