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SPORTS HANBOOK (CYCLING)

Published by Errol Montoya, 2021-04-16 12:12:26

Description: SPORTS HANBOOK (CYCLING)

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SPORTS HANDBOOK CYCLING

Introduction Riding a bike is an ideal form of exercise If you have osteoarthritis, because it is a low-impact exercise that places little stress on joints. At the age of 12yrs old, riding a bike is became a hobby. I learned how to know also the specs and rules in cycling. This sport helped me to increase muscle strength and flexibility. At my age, to be fit and healthy I need to be physically active. It may help to me a good muscle work out because cycling uses all of the major muscle groups as you pedal. It is easy unlike some other sport cycling does not require high levels of physical skill. Most people know how to ride a bike and, once you learn, you don’t forget. A fun way also to get fit, the adventure and buzz i get from coasting down hills and being outdoors means to me more likely to continue to cycle regularly, compared to other physical activities that keep you indoors or require special times or places. Any time any where you can do this sport. Regular physical activity can help protect me from serious diseases such as obesity, heart disease, cancer, mental illness, diabetes and arthritis. Riding bicycle regularly is one of the best ways to reduce risk of health problems associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Cycling is a healthy, low-impact exercise that can be enjoyed by people of all ages, from young children to older adults. It is also fun, cheap and good for the environment. I met other people who are desperate in cycling and there are different types of cyclist that I met. Most of them are older and most of them are young, most of the place here in south are the triathlon and the road racing cyclist, they’re practicing every morning so every event is not be difficult to attend. Riding to work or the shops is one of the most time-efficient ways to combine regular exercise with your everyday routine. An estimated one billion people ride bicycles every day – for transport, recreation and sport. 200 Kms is my longest travel in cycling and it is in around Laguna provinces going to Rizal provinces. Most riders called the Laguna loop riding.

History of Cycling A cycling history dates back to the late nineteenth century, more or less from 1890. This is because bicycles start to develop more rapidly at this point in an attempt to perfect this mode of transportation. With these advances, it became possible to achieve higher speeds with bicycles, becoming lighter and less expensive. The sport was of English origin, but from the beginning, the main events were appearing in France, which adhered very well to this modality and the participants took advantage of the mountainous terrain to challenge themselves. Cycling is a sport practiced with bicycles and that in almost every occasion it aims to travel a certain route in the least possible time, being thus the fastest to complete it if it wants to win the race. Currently, cycling is also quite recreational or even a way to move to work, school, etc., and all thanks to the advances that have been made in the world of bicycles and its high popularity. Types of Cycling Over the years, more and more variants of this sport have appeared, which have also changed the characteristics of the bicycles so that they are better adapted to a certain activity. The main variants of cycling are as follows: ❖ Road Cycling ❖ Mountain Bike ❖ Track Cycling Road Cycling This is the oldest and was where cycling began to emerge. Let’s talk more of this type in this article and its characteristics. The tests are carried out on the road with light and aerodynamic bicycles so that cyclists can achieve higher speeds and greater distances. When talking about cycling, the vast majority of people associate this variant, and its popularity is immense, with one of its highlights every year the Tour de France, which is considered the most important event in the World Circuit.

Mountain Bike This is more recent and there are many small variants in it, which change the terrain of your course, characteristics of bicycles and require different techniques and capabilities. This variant not only has a characteristic not to be an exclusive proof of road, being it normally practiced in all type of terrains, like pine trees or even in streets with stairs and sidewalks, and also has like characteristic in the great majority of the types to be made or up or down.

Some of the types of this variant are: • Cross-country; • Trip Trail; • Downhill; • Freeride; • 4X; • Endurance of Regularity; Track Cycling This is the least known of the three, It is done in a circular lane, usually inside a pavilion, which has several variants but the main objective and completes the test in the shortest possible time.

Cycling Trials In road cycling, the tests can also vary greatly between them and even in the same race if it has several stages. Let’s see what kind of evidence there is. ▪ Proof of a day: This is only composed by one step, and you can give everything for everything to arrive as soon as possible and thus win the race. Usually, they are not as important and many of them are more with a somewhat recreational purpose or represent something like a tribute to an old cyclist. ▪ Proof in stages: These are the most common ones, having the proof several stages (or races) and the goal is to finish in the shortest possible time but adding the times of all the steps. Something very important in this type of competitions is the teamwork (although the cycling is individual) and know how to evaluate well in what stages to bet more or less. ▪ Against the clock: Already in these races, instead of leaving all at the same time and who arrives first wins, here the cyclists leave individually and just want to arrive at the goal as fast as possible. There are cyclists who are experts in this type of race. These races can be only a day or a stage of a race, being much shorter than a normal race, usually ranging from 20 to 60km away. ▪ Marathons: Marathons are evidence that many ordinary cyclists do not do, and the vast majority of people who make them are cyclists who only do great distances. Cycling Equipment When it comes to choosing a type of bike, it may seem as though choosing is as simple as heading down to a store or picking the one with the best color. But, in reality, choosing a bicycle comes down to what you intend on using it for and where you plan to do it. A mountain bike isn’t going to fit on the train with you in your daily commute, the same way a road bike isn’t going to take you very far off-road. Throughout this article, I will cover a range of types of bicycles and help you to decide which is the best fit for you. But, bear in mind that within each “genre” of a bike are many variations, some falling on different ends of the

spectrum. Use this guide as a starting point from which to base your purchases. The main element for practicing cycling is the bike of course. But since this is an activity that can be done in very rough terrain and in conditions slightly drawn to the human body, it is also recommended to use some protection elements. Bike, Protection Gloves, Helmet and Clothing/Jersey are the equipment use for cycling. Bike These made with a very aerodynamic design and materials that are light but at the same time sturdy. If you repair, the road bike is the only one that has super thin tires, all this in an attempt to achieve greater speeds as you walk on it. Protection Gloves These serve to protect your hands in case of fall but also to improve the grip of the palm of your hand with the handlebar, covering them the same palm and not the fingers.

Helmet How could it not be, you should not miss the helmet. This is obviously used to protect your head in case of fall, this being quite vital and not wearing the helmet pose a great risk to your health. JERSEY The clothes of cyclists are also quite different from normal. What stands out is that they fit well to your body, thus reducing any unnecessary wind resistance and are also made with a material that regulates your body temperature and protects you from prolonged exposure to the sun.

Rules in Cycling These rules and cautions apply to racer participants but also some in recreational cycling. In a race, cyclists have specific places to stock up, but they can also do so on the go by moving to their team’s support car. Usually, a cyclist goes and brings it to the rest of the companions who are with him. From a certain point of the stage, it is no longer allowed to go to refuel. At the end of the race, when it is time for the sprint, the cyclist cannot make a sudden change of direction in order to cover the opponent’s path with him close and may be disqualified, since it endangers the physical integrity of the opponent since they are traveling at very high speeds. It is important always to be aware of the route, and knowing the route is advisable, in order to avoid possible falls in more dangerous places and also not to cause a chain fall. Always wear protective gear, whether in competition or just in recreational cycling. Road Cycling Rules and Regulations Cycling - Road is a breathtaking sport which attracts many spectators. 1. OBEY TRAFFIC RULES. 2. AVOID PEOPLE. 3. STOP AT RED LIGHT TRAFFIC. 4. BIKE ACCORDING TO THE DIRECTION. 5. USE BIKE LANES or BIKE ROUTES. 6. USE THE SIDE WALK IF TEN YRS. BELOW OF AGE. 7. DO NOT BIKE AT NIGHT. 8. MAKE A HABIT TO TURN LEFT AND RIGHT AT THE DRIVEWAY EXIT. 9. BE ALERT TO VEHICLESTHAT TURN RIGHT AND LEFT. 10. ALWAYS KEEP DISTANCE FROM VEHICLES. 11. KEEP ONE QUEUE (IF MANY BIKERS). 12. DON’T FORGET TO SAY “ON YOUR LEFT” WHEN YOU OVER TAKE.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS Aero helmet: A special helmet with a streamlined shape to reduce wind drag and offer an advantage in races against the clock hybrid: A bike that combines features of road and mountain bikes. Also called a cross bike. jersey: A shirt made for cycling. Jerseys are often brightly colored for visibility when riding. And they’re made of fabrics that wick moisture away from the skin to keep you dry and comfortable while pedaling. Usually they have rear pockets for carrying energy food, tools and clothing you might need or have removed. And, they often have long zippers, which are great for cooling off on hot days. triathlon: A race comprised of a swimming, cycling and running leg.trick1) A bicycle stunt. 2) Something high-tech or custom as in, “That wheelset is trick!” road race: a mass-start race on pavement that goes from point to point, covers one large loop or is held on a circuit longer than those used for criteriums. travel: in suspensions, the maximum distance a fork or rear shock can compress. RESOURCES https://sportsregras.com/en/cycling-rules-history/ https://blog.mapmyrun.com/9-things-you-shouldnt-say-to-a-cyclist/ https://www.cycle2work.info/news/2019-02-20/choosing-the-perfect-bike- type/ https://www.mybestroadbikes.com/types-of-bikes/ https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/cycling-health- benefits#bhc-content


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