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Home Explore WOL 4th Grade - Teacher Manual

WOL 4th Grade - Teacher Manual

Published by jeanne.reed, 2022-11-07 18:13:21

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Chapter 5 There Is One God CHAPTER SUMMARY PREPARING MY HEART God invites all people to know Him. He reveals Himself to us God invites us to know, love, and serve Him. God wants to be and then calls us to be courageous witnesses to His truth. God’s known because He is love and truth. When we come to know communication of Himself is called Divine Revelation. Jesus and love God, we experience true and eternal happiness. Christ, the Word of God, fully and perfectly reveals God and His truth. We come to know Divine Revelation through Sacred All throughout Scripture, there is evidence of God’s love for Scripture and Sacred Tradition. humanity. He saved the Israelites from slavery, chose David to become a great king, and won our salvation through Jesus’ The Church receives authority from God to teach Divine sacrifice of love on the Cross. God loves mankind and wants Revelation to the world. The fundamental truths of God’s Divine an intimate relationship with us. The Catechism tells us that “at Revelation are found in the Creed, such as the Apostles’ Creed every time and in every place, God draws close to man” (CCC 1). or the Nicene Creed. In the Creeds, we profess that God is a loving communion of Divine Persons, the Blessed Trinity. All We sometimes doubt God’s existence in times of suffering or other gods are false. Atheists do not believe in God. Some even when others challenge our faith with things like scientific think we should believe only in what we can see, some think advancements. Think back to a time when you doubted God’s science can explain things without God, and some do not existence. Was there someone whose witness of faith drew you believe because of suffering in the world. God gives us faith back to God? and courage to witness that we believe He is real. As Catholics, we are called to witness the truth about God. We CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH (CCC) must speak out about the reality of His love for mankind and REFERENCES act in a way that showcases the joy we experience because He is near to us. We never know when someone who is struggling Divine Revelation: Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition: and doubting is watching us. 75–78, 80–82 Are there times in your life when you find it difficult to witness The Magisterium of the Church: 85–87 the truth of God to others? Faith, reason, and understanding: 156–58 What it means to be a witness: 995 At any point, one of your students may be doubting God. How Atheism versus agnosticism: 2123–28 can you witness to the truth through your words and deeds? Types of atheism: 2124 Unit 2, Chapter 5 57


Chapter 5: Lesson 1: Lesson 2: Lesson 3: Lesson 4: Review There Is One God God Reveals The Creed The Blessed Trinity Atheism (40–60 minutes) Himself Words to Know Sacred Scripture, Creed Blessed Trinity Materials Sacred Tradition Chapter Aims All lessons: Bible, writing materials, whiteboard. See Bonus Activities on page 70 of the Teacher Manual for more. Preparation Preparing • Students will begin to understand the distinction between Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. (5–7 minutes) • Students will know that our Creeds summarize the most important beliefs of our faith. • Students will know that there are three Divine Persons in one God. Proclamation • Students will discuss the reasons why some become atheists and ways they can respond to these arguments. Proclaiming (1 minute) Opening Prayer in Scripted Prayer Sacred Art: Roundel Lectio Divina: Explanation Student Text with the Holy Trinity, Mark 9:23  V Seeking Netherlandish, and sixteenth century  Application Living V (30 minutes) We believe in the Blessed Trinity—one God in three Divine Persons. Celebration Responding Lesson 1 Focus: God reveals that He is the one true God (see Isaiah 43:8, 10–11). (3 minutes) • Living Objective (combined with lesson): Students will discuss why Sacred Scripture, Sacred Tradition, and the Church’s Enrichment Magisterium are each necessary to understanding God’s Divine Revelation. • Optional Activity Objective: Students will identify the various elements of Divine Revelation. • Bonus Activity Objective: Students will practice how to find verses in the Bible. Lesson 2 Focus: We become witnesses of the one true God by professing the truths of the faith expressed in the Creed. • Optional Lesson Enhancement Video (4–8 minutes). Objective: Students will learn that the Creed is the faith of the Church revealed to us by God Himself.  V • Living Objective (Saint Catherine of Alexandria): Students will discuss that professing our faith in the Creed leads us to knowing and loving God. • Bonus Activity Objective: Students will practice memorizing the Apostles’ Creed. Lesson 3 Focus: There is one God, not many different gods. • Living Objective: Students will discuss how to use technology to put God first in their lives instead of making it a false god. • Optional Activity Objective: Students will trace and fill in the diagram that shows the relationship between the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity. Lesson 4 Focus: We are witnesses to a world that denies the one true God. • Living Objective: Students will discuss appropriate responses to common challenges to the faith presented by atheism. • Bonus Activity Objective: Students will identify ways to respond to atheism or even when they themselves have moments of doubt. Divine Praises (call Prayer followed by Prayer followed by Prayer followed by and response) the Divine Praises the Divine Praises the Divine Praises Character: A Conversion from Atheism Objective: Students will learn from the conversion of Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross that small acts of faith can witness to those who deny God’s existence. 58 Unit 2, Chapter 5


Chapter 5 Is One God Preparing There Prayer “I believe in one God . . .” (Nicene Creed) Read the Opening Prayer on page 53 of the Student Text. Divide h Prayer Holy Spirit, encourage us to tell Words students into two groups with you as the leader. Each group alternates t about God and His truths as we to Know praying aloud. Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. Leader: Come, h others Blessed Leader: Come, Holy Spirit, encourage us to tell others about pray with Psalm 71. Trinity God and His truths as we pray with Psalm 71. od ery Group 1: “My mouth will tell of [God’s] Creed Group 1: “My mouth will tell of [God’s] righteous acts,” sion. righteous acts,” day. . . .” Sacred Scripture Group 2: “of your deeds of salvation all the day. . . .” h is “of your deeds of salvation all the Sacred Tradition nion Group 2: “Do not forsake me, till I proclaim Group 1: “Do not forsake me, till I proclaim your might” Group 1: ond your might” Group 2: “to all [peoples] to come.” Amen. (71:15, 18) life “to all [peoples] to come.” Amen. (71:15, 18) Review Chapter 4 Group 2: it is true. Who led the Israelites into the Promised Land? (Joshua.) When you believe something, you know deep in your heart that of our faith? What cardinal virtue strengthens us to overcome fear and to As a Christian, do you firmly believe the truths pursue what is good even if it is difficult? (Fortitude.) Proclaiming What virtue enables us to act for what is good despite lasting the Good News hardships? (Perseverance.) Blessed Trinity— We believe in the Divine Persons. Why would God allow us to go through hard times? (So we learn one God in three to rely on Him.) 53 What virtue enables us to endure hardships calmly and peacefully? (Patience.) Optional Preparation Activities By what virtue can we confidently do great and noble things for Memory Verse God and others? (Magnanimity.) The Bible verse we are learning in this chapter is the following: “All things are possible to him who believes” (Mark 9:23). To whom should we give glory when we do great deeds? (God.) Optional memory verse activity ideas may be found on the teacher Introduction portal. Turn to page 53 of the Student Text. Words to Know Blessed Trinity: The mystery of one God in three Divine Persons: When you believe something, you know deep in your heart that it is God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. It is the true. As a Christian, do you firmly believe the truths of our faith? central mystery of the Christian faith. (Answers may vary.) Creed: A profession of faith that expresses foundational truths we believe as Catholics. They are truths that God has revealed and that the Church teaches through the Magisterium. Sacred Scripture: The holy Word of God written in the Bible. The Holy Spirit inspired the human authors of Sacred Scripture to communicate God’s truth. Sacred Tradition: The true and unchanging teachings of the Church that were handed on from the oral preaching of the Apostles. Unit 2, Chapter 5 59


Lesson 1 Instruct students to turn to the illustration Divine Revelation G“aBneodfobdreesRmideeesnvmo eegoathdelwrseasiHsfonriommseadvs,ionero”lr(fsIshaaiallhth4e3r:e10b–e11a).ny after me. I, I am the Lord, WtDThoiehrnvoricpounaaegulghglReGAdpochweoo5vJnoeoddee4rmoo’dlds)sa.pustpdcispaoa“o,llnnamDgGeed, ormweiadetiveucso’s5ntiaiinoiDertcm4eneaixvstGt.ioioapnooRWenkfdlthea’RoeshtevefihnwenvHHeeiweteinmllieiaaelsdStsltsietueost,rillneulfsoehsoDidt.sntvahriJvpeee.eavi”enrsnltesrueafiGstteoRhtscCeToeintthovetaudr.erinnusxldaSdttchttikeiecss.hoonanfneAomub.oltlGoposydsuwloeGstotdtoGehenordoe(sesddvtaeeonaeladenlisldfl.uuHHlsliytimrsamsteiaolnfnS. ScaricprteJuderseus Christ Sacred Him. God reveals Tradition for all peoples. Through the prophet Isaiah, God invites all people to know We comthe eto kwnoowrlwdh.atTGhoderseeveapleedoabpoluet HaimreselGf inotdwo’sways: Magisterium that He is the one true God. He is the one Lord and Savior and reveal God to OwnitlnyeosnseesP. erson could fully and perfectly witness• SBSaipbcilrreiet.diWnSsepccririaepldtluStrhcereiipshtutuhmreeahtnhoealyuWtWhooordrrsdooofffGSGoaodcdrbewedcrSiattcuersinpetinuthrteehetHoolyBHIBOLLEY • cSCAtoTGhahpmhh(ecouoiRrsmdruAesceatudiphlmsuenofTttcsi•sehhcr.aataaao JllreldttrneeeisiTcwtsdttyiiGuaooeothtsonohrynemdrfedgi.iotl’shathsMlhWpvaeuutteehanrlCiusgegdreththihetssthhteruduort.ueercaaecorJc.iuhintueaestimshtnfoorssodo.tortnumheuirtsanys:atocchtt,hhohetfaeDttonheJPprgeaiaeoveicnltphrspigruenruitsntehaeeasonHarcde.cinhRs)vhtienhin?enageaglvm(eobsJdefeiosethbflthoaoytsehputesi.sonC,hGriosdt.)HAidmdselinlf,eistop“eJrefesucts Christ.” and • But how do we come to know what Jesus Christ has revealed? Did Y(AonuswKenroswm?ay vary.) WhoTCehlayetrhieonWvlaiceo,ndatrondardobtfohtoehfefuiGrpsttroiGbndtoionogkwdpe’rvrseeistrDstp,erJiinvonthieanidnnenweatsRshGteehuevteBBeniibblbaelerl.tgei,ow. naAsdindSlianceretod Scripture, which is the “Sacred Scripture.” (Refer to the symbol of Sacred Scripture Jesus is giving with His hand on the right.) 54 Chapter 5 • We call Scripture the Word of God because the Holy Spirit inspired the human authors of Sacred Scripture to com5m5 unicate God’s truth. • In the Old Testament, we learn how God created, chose, and cared for His people. Proclaiming • In the New Testament, we learn about the life and teachings of Jesus, who came to reveal God fully and save us from sin and Let’s quiet our hearts and minds to hear the truth we believe: death. We believe in the Blessed Trinity—one God in three Divine Persons. • We also read about the early Church in the letters of the New Testament and how early Christians just like us lived according to the truth revealed by Christ. Seeking • In what way is the Bible necessary for us to learn about God? (Answers may include to know what God has done in history and Lesson 1 Focus: God reveals that He is the one true God (see Isaiah to know how to live so as to get to Heaven.) 43:8, 10–11). Is it always easy for us to understand Sacred Scripture perfectly See “Digging Deeper: Big ‘T’ Tradition versus Small ‘t’ Tradition” sidebar though? (No.) on page 69. • A lot of mysterious language and characters appear in the Bible. We all desire to know the truth. What do you think is the most Sometimes there are things that just don’t make any sense to us important truth God revealed to us? (Answers may vary.) when we begin reading. • In Scripture, God says, “I am the Lord, and besides me there is no • This is why God also reveals Himself through Sacred Tradition. savior” (43:11). Add line to “Sacred Tradition.” (Refer to the symbol of Sacred Tradition—the Church Jesus is giving with His hand on the left.) • Through the prophet Isaiah, God revealed the truth of Himself. He revealed that He is the one true God. Sacred Tradition is the true and unchanging teachings of the Church that were handed on from the oral preaching of the Apostles. Why did God need to reveal Himself? (Answers may vary.) • Not everything Jesus said and did is written in the Bible. • Some people know only a little about God. Others don’t know Remember, Jesus’ Apostles traveled around and learned from Him at all. Him for almost three years. • God invites all people to know and love Him. • The Apostles learned from Jesus, and through the power of the Holy Spirit, they were able to become His witnesses. They, in turn, • We call God’s communication of Himself Divine Revelation. God had their own disciples, whom they taught the truths Christ had reveals Himself through words and actions. revealed. Then those disciples had their own disciples and on and on. 60 Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 1


ord, WtDThiehrvoricuonageulhlgRGhweovJodeer’dlssaustcisoao,nnmGd, omwadeuc’sntaioiDrcenaivstG.iinooWendh’RosefenwvHiwetinmleaetstsieeosllenlfsoDi.sthiJvpeeienrssruefsteRhcCeethvtarerinusladtthtiicssoonafumb.llGopyuloeGtdtoGerdoe(sdvaeenaeadnlisdlfluuHHlsliytimsramsteiaolnfn. Optional Activity: Divine Revelation s Objective: Students will identify the various elements of Divine on page 54). Revelation. We come to know what God revealed about Himself in two ways: You can access the blackline master for this activity on the teacher • SBSaipbcilrreiet.diWnSsepccririaepldtluStrhcereiipshtutuhmreeahtnhoealyuWtWhooordrrsdooofffGSGoaodcdrbewedrcSiattcuersnipetinuthrteehetHooly portal. communicate God’s truth. BHIBOLLEY Did You Know? • SCAtTGhahphecouoirsdrAescatdiphlsueoTttcsshhr.ataaoJlledltreeisiwtsdtyiuaeotsnorhnedfegitshathMhvaeteehanCiegdrthihessterudutuercaeocrcuihnueatmshtnforsodo.ortmeuirtsnay:tcchtthhoheaettonheprgeaaoicnltphrpgueritntehaeanHarcdecihsvhtienhinnageaglmeobsdfeiosthbfthooytehpes. The inventor of the printing press, Johannes Gutenberg, was Catholic, and the first book ever printed was the Bible. Did You Know? Gutenberg, was Review Chapter 5, Lesson 1 the Bible. The inventor of the printing press, Johannes What do we call God’s communication of Himself to mankind? Catholic, and the first book ever printed was (Divine Revelation.) 55 What do we call someone who tells others the truths about God and His Divine Revelation? (A witness.) • In what ways is Sacred Tradition necessary for us to learn about God? (Answers may include that Sacred Tradition helps Who perfectly and fully reveals God to mankind? (Jesus Christ.) us interpret Scripture properly, know Jesus, and understand the Mass.) What are the two ways that we come to know the truths that Jesus revealed? (Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.) The leaders of the Church today, our bishops and the pope, are the successors of the Apostles and their disciples. Who inspired the human authors of Sacred Scripture? (The Holy Spirit.) • If we can trace the Church’s leaders all the way back to Christ and the Apostles, do you think that means the Church has What do we call the authority of the Church to teach the truth authority to teach? (Yes.) revealed by God? (The Magisterium.) • The Apostles not only learned from Jesus and became His Responding witnesses, but Jesus also gave them authority to teach in His name. The Apostles and their successors—the pope and the In this unit, we are learning to pray the Divine Praises. bishops—have the authority to teach what is true and to interpret the Bible correctly. • The Divine Praises are usually prayed during eucharistic adoration. They were originally prayed as a way to make up for • This authority of the Church to teach the truth revealed by God is any disrespect given to God and His name. called the Church’s Magisterium. Add two lines to “Magisterium.” • In the first eight praises, we directly praise God the Blessed • Through the power of the Holy Spirit, the Magisterium of the Trinity, and we focus our attention on Jesus and the Holy Spirit. Church has protected and taught the truths of Divine Revelation Since Jesus is all-holy, we praise Him for specific characteristics, for thousands of years, since Jesus’ ministry on earth. such as His Sacred Heart and His Precious Blood. • In what ways is the Magisterium, guided by the Holy Spirit, Let’s pray the Divine Praises together. See page 324 of the Student Text necessary for us to learn about God? (Answers may include that (page 370 of the Teacher Manual). In this chapter, have the students we can trust that the teachings of the Church are true and we repeat each line after you. Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. know what truths God has revealed.) Conclusion: God reveals to us that He is the one true God. God communicates Himself to us through Divine Revelation. Divine Revelation is perfect and complete through the life and words of Jesus Christ. We come to know Divine Revelation through Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 1 61


Lesson 2 SeekingWALKING WITH THE SAINTS The Creed Soaf inatleCxaatnhderriaineS2ngtttag8Moohoohowm7cirvbwenuelaeoseielratalsenneturaenbtrutCynblrfeoAaToSdaSLpddainoramspnnlymaferthntheni.rmeiedhutfnSxttooioeesdoief.eshnaeodlafppeSrytfaswre.wn•lAih.htra“ec“aiebHrnodh rHryeelheeDDeepegsterrupeenOrItxainosnwresrnaofaieiitaoweeasvggsl,lphftain2vddtapeaegEntsoh7ggdectnstreofregtreheibrfrg0ceFroiivyothurieooinanttdjeaefpo.uchrlitrhgnira.trgmgoctenesaaytweccSh,anatyvhnmohdhrtaauvDeDtfedanolsertsotihatteeohshnLGhreraeolnteeuatoeichs:erehe.cnerrevnoehh.ehTewWeugsdeaipprdhtdemsthileeeestho.henrrnsab::oesTTeolsEdobBvhJhpslcrfFnreEesiayigreekeseuoasophotbataimceuuitvotmho“amhmhcari!NsHInmapesetfdebain.mscatatshhaSaeieai.iAarehlstyzlcouyHfihmmdl,feienvteseaCewmotrvoda,obeeetfiewnaemdi.ocrramthtrndtitiiChentntrsotsbdyheeevluaeatduhonGedtheotaCvoeheolnothrweiweeerelsa,dhefwerefituoftximssHeortotesauithhdtinVshornppslshfnelehyllGdtyoeegeihorabaFefhoe.daSeaaeafpssdevarfptrpeort:TheidisoiFoeturstaoeoiwfirsithoutrlgezo.c,wf”os.hteen.rre shaadtt.mdyelf,hlHvsValeeaeieintdthioAoto,nphnwueoeorestCfftramlturehieteusehe”sG.dCtsTo.kirhdednieesobbdwiysa”rosur TcaptCCharrruelheorleteufhcteedrroscsudnohstthhttiuoahtasreinrtnofatahewocuiadfhteghtfehia.bGnsiTtetohohthlhdieu.eeeIrvhtMmCteaeraousrxagestpsrhieterssCedivtmessecars.poatiehAulonesomtrCdaltfi.aocirtnnesuoete.nduTtddrshuiainesatthirtoaehsneal There are many Creeds, but two are especially important: • The Apostles’ Creed is a faithful summary of the faith the Apostles handed down. • TIttehwaecaNhsimcweronitreteeCnclreienaertdhlyeissfooamuloretnhogfceetrhnCeturterryuetdtho.s in faith.One day, a man The most important elements of our faith are given in the named Adrian Creeds of the Church.visited Catherine. He the Apostles’ Creed. bethoaetchhCthphuaerrctA,hpw’soeCstprleereosdf’eCssresexoepdurerasbnsedtlhiteehfesinaNmoicneeenboeafsCitchretereutdhth,rsteheienPrdeeifrafseroerentnshtroewfeathypesa.rts. convinced her to come with him to a secret All place. It w• asAwhCerreeed is a profession of faith. It expresses foundational truths that GodChristians prayed to In has revealed and that we believe as Catholics. In avoid persecution. WtaphprhepoemeBnaliersssehes•ddee dtwCoTCaVahtshirheretegreh.rieenMiwnrdeMaeos,rayrradyre“csrteaetedm” ceonmtseosf Blessed Trinity: from a Latin word that means “I believe.” belief. • The Father, who creates us sin and death strengthens and guides that she would meet • The Son, who came to save us from to be holy and • The Holy Spirit, who gives us grace the hus•b anYdoofuhperray a Creed every week. Do you know when? (At Mass.) the Church we enter into communion with the Blessed Trinity. The Creed is prayed right after the Homily on5S7undays and major When we profess the Creed, feasts. 56 Chapter 5 • Creeds are also called “professions of faith.” Do you know what it means to profess something? (Answers may vary.) Preparing • “Profess” means “to declare Creed what you believe.” See “I Believe” Prayer doodle. Add “Creed,” “‘I Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. Believe,’” and “Profess or Profess or Declare Declare What We Believe.” What We Believe O God, thank You for revealing Yourself to us. Inspire us to believe all that You have revealed with faith and courageously • When we profess our faith Words Actions profess it through our words and actions with fortitude. Glory with words (Add line to be . . . (Pray a Glory Be together.) Amen. “Words”), does that mean Witness Review Chapter 5, Lesson 1 we should live according to What do we call God’s communication of Himself to mankind? those truths? (Yes.) Add line (Divine Revelation.) to “Actions.” What do we call someone who tells others the truths about God • When we witness, should we witness with words or actions? and His Divine Revelation? (A witness.) (Both.) Add lines to “Witness.” Who perfectly and fully reveals God to mankind? (Jesus Christ.) What are the two ways that we come to know the truths that Who comes up with these Creeds? (Pause.) Who has the authority to Jesus revealed? (Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.) declare what is important to believe in order to follow Christ? Who inspired the human authors of Sacred Scripture? (The Holy (Answers may vary.) Spirit.) • The Church has the authority to declare these things. What do we call the authority of the Church to teach the truth revealed by God? (The Magisterium.) • Who gave the Church authority to teach God’s truths? (Jesus.) Proclaiming • What do we call the Church’s authority to teach? (The Magisterium.) Let’s quiet our hearts and minds to hear the truth we believe: The Church has developed several Creeds over the years. They do not We believe in the Blessed Trinity—one God in three Divine Persons. contradict one another. • Two are especially important: the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed. • The Apostles were Jesus’ twelve closest followers. Can you name any of them? (Peter, Andrew, James the Greater, John, Philip, Bartholomew (=Nathanael), Matthew (=Levi), Thomas, James the Lesser, Jude (=Thaddeus), Simon the Zealot, and Judas.) 62 Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 2


WALKING WITH THE SAINTS Living S a Coaf intlexaatnhderriaine Fa!th Challenge Saint Catherine of Alexandria: Saint Catherine was born around 287 in S2ngtttag8ooooo7irvbwnelsieeltaenetratruCnrfeAdainoasnlymtrt.ehSxttoiiehneolafryae.nAih.ciHndrHelheeerrepexiwrerafaaasv,lfantaeaEtshdcntogehebrytrhieojaepurirga.rtnsawecS,tvhdhtaaefoersothohhralteuoeherhrvn.eeedard Esyuaomcuhrmfdaaairtyyh, oraefnctdihteeloaCverseifmeodrplGteoopdr:ofess Alexandria, Egypt, to a noble family. Her father was the governor of Mhhwmceuaeoralsnuenbtybloadrmpnfamiedutnoe.sadpStwrlharebhyeeptertanosoioweesldvdpegereretrfceovuiatefchltiroceaytnyhnomvdansiateenrneaics.cnehhhTgeihemles. Alexandria. She loved to learn. So her father gave her a tower in their “I believe in God the Father, palace just for her to study in. He even hired the greatest teachers to the Son, and the Holy Spirit.” teach her. dbBvJplreeaiireksspobaieuotmamisnpasi.smtcshi.AaezuHmdfiesmtodbeetw.oramtCenosbevadhedehtehrwiwea,werotisrteauihihnlsnleydehbah.aeasvafrpotdietusairitglzowohtenhadt.ey,Hse Many people tried to convince her to find a powerful and rich husband. She told everyone she would marry a specific man. The man must be so rts. One day, a man great that angels celebrate whenever they see him. named Adrian guides visited Catherine. He One day, a man named Adrian visited Catherine. He convinced her to d Trinity. convinced her to come come with him to a secret place. It was where Christians prayed to avoid with him to a secret persecution. When she was there, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to place. It was where her. Mary promised Catherine that she would meet the husband of her Christians prayed to dreams. However, she had to be baptized. Catherine sought Baptism immediately after the vision. After she was baptized, Jesus came to her avoid persecution. in a vision. He promised to be with her always like a husband would. WthheeBnlesshseedwVasirtghienreM, ary appeared to her. Mary What did the Blessed Virgin Mary promise Catherine if she was promised Catherine baptized? (A husband of her dreams.) that she would meet the husband of her • Did Catherine end up entering a normal, earthly marriage? (No.) Instead, Catherine’s profession of faith and Baptism were 57 the first steps to her knowing and loving God. • The Apostles’ Creed hands on the faith that the Apostles passed • This helps us understand the importance of professing our faith. down to the Church. Why do you think God would reveal the truths of the Creed to us? • The Creed we usually pray at Mass is commonly called the Nicene (Answers may vary.) Creed. The Nicene Creed was written in the fourth century to teach more clearly some of the truths of the faith. • God reveals truth to us so we can better know Him and love Him. • Both the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed express the same When we profess the words of the Creed, whom do you think we basic truths. enter into communion with? (The Blessed Trinity.) In both the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed, there are three parts • Each time we profess our belief in God and what He has revealed, that speak of each of the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity. we show our love and faith in God. • The Blessed Trinity is one God in three Divine Persons. • Can you name something that you have learned or professed about your faith that has helped you know and love God • Who are the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity? (Father, Son, better? (Answers may include that Jesus’ Death on the Cross and Holy Spirit.) helps me love Him more and that knowing that God created the heavens and the earth helps me love and appreciate God.) • When we profess the Creed, we say “I believe” in God the Father, who is the Creator. Challenge: Each day, recite a simple summary of the Creed to profess your faith and love for God: “I believe in God the Father, the Son, and • Who is God the Son? (Jesus.) The Creed expresses our beliefs the Holy Spirit.” about Jesus and His coming to save us from sin and death. Review Chapter 5, Lesson 2 • The Creeds also express the truths about the Holy Spirit, who gives us grace to become holy and who strengthens and guides What is a statement of the fundamental truths that God has the Church. revealed? (The Creed.) Conclusion: The Creed expresses the fundamental truths God has What is the name of the Creed that we usually pray at Mass? revealed. When we profess the Creed, we declare our belief in the (The Nicene Creed.) Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Do the different Creeds of the Church all profess the same truth? (Yes.) What do we call the truth of one God in three Divine Persons? (Blessed Trinity.) Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 2 63


Lesson 3 Review Chapter 5, Lesson 2 TTgtahhosehedirfsmeetohyauetBrhtyesowl,nfeooenrrsagestostugodreoreside,dossst,u,hsacTeubhrcorahtushitaatntshnhemeithmtsoueynaneor,yenm,effoaatolmrsuneee,.,aSGonorodmbdeee.aaSpruotehtmyo..peBTluephteettryohepesalesteerovmtgehaoetkdhresethfsaaeinnlsdggesods TBFtTghhpaehieertivonheeStgcehBpetrrdhlieeieriesidsestmtn.ssiDnB.oesGceitudvtlttoivhTrW(DWfntderTreheeoiseniohmSnhhvPypivtoeeeyeoaaaitntrrernhsi,faestteNseothecaonluiiaetiensssslnpcyeSdoaetdeotoatrtrGoihefnh?nsfeoeehofsicderesa(anet,mtcTrnecneharnCoeohoGetioamttnareotntethnhemHhdsmeerm,CiteutesrhbF,neederpCauaie.oeytent.hnrrdton)aeehfeerofreeft,rdcfyeoatdtlom.noacdi)hfdrvoffeteesmhetr.thdaemTehiotnsChusttFefeihnnafrriacFottoerhftanhemeueftdrhoreoonedfalmonrlnodvCeadtovenaaeh,nhtdnh.tehmoaeuteahtShtnreHeeoocSworntn.hholTyaentehrrSeaa.epunllirolistttpruuraotlhflyessptshraathyteGasotadMmhaeassstr?uth? (Yes.) iTnrabehsnevtedeyeoaoamndlneudeodsiftttbr.tbuyhWeeeGhaGooiclnoedced.ewAptierstudecaeidvaBGinbnlnyoeeodsfmats. iefytuhdsl.tlyeTItrruiydnnoiidsteyeas.rsTCnthoahetnricdsBotlaineatsndrsaitverdiudnictehTt rmotihnuyairsttytreeisirasyrsea,owvdneeiavbcliuenatdengmbogyeryossGwtoerdiny our understanding of it. What do we call the truth of one God in three Divine Persons? Fa!th(BClhesaslleednTgreinity.) learn how to use it wisely. that God is still first in your good. But we need to to use technology so ProclaimingTechnology can be used for life? What choices can you make Let’s quiet our hearts and minds to hear the truth we believe: We believe in the Blessed Trinity—one God in three Divine Persons. 58 Chapter 5 Roundel with the Holy Trinity, Netherlandish, sixteenth century Seeking Responding Lesson 3 Focus: There is one God, not many different gods. Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. The prophet Isaiah wrote, “Before me no god was fo59rmed, nor shall there be any after me” (43:10). Jesus, our hearts are filled with gratitude for the Creeds handed on through the Church You established. Please show us how to • Is there anything greater than God? (Pause.) Is there anything profess our faith in both word and deed. Amen. more important than God? (Pause.) (No!) Let’s pray the Divine Praises together. See page 324 of the Student Text • Whatever you make most important in your life, that is what you (page 370 of the Teacher Manual). In this chapter, have the students treat as your “god.” repeat each line after you. • What are some things people treat as most important instead Prayer: Sacred Art Reflection: Roundel with the Holy Trinity, of God? (Answers may vary.) Many seek money, power, fame, or Netherlandish, sixteenth century  V beauty instead of seeking to love and serve God. Direct the students to look at the artwork on page 58 of the Student • Often people in the past would look to parts of nature as their Text. Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. gods. What parts of nature do you think some people would have mistaken for gods? (Answers may include the sun, moon, Most Holy Trinity, in whose name we are baptized, thank You for and earth.) inviting us to share in Your divine life. • Some cultures believed that the sun, moon, earth, and other parts Look carefully at this artwork of the Most Holy Trinity. (Pause.) of nature were gods. They wrote stories about these gods, which we call myths. • Notice the unity of God the Father; Jesus, His divine Son; and the Holy Spirit. (Pause.) • But are these gods and myths true? (No.) They are false. There is only one God. • We see God the Father looking down with love on Jesus on the Cross while the Holy Spirit hovers over Jesus to comfort Him in What has God revealed to us about who He is? (Pause.) His sufferings. • God has revealed Himself as the Blessed Trinity. • We are invited every day to share in the Blessed Trinity’s love. • We know this only because the one true God has revealed it to us. Most Holy Trinity, thank You for inviting us to share in the life of Your divine community of love. May we grow in our desire to be • Some truths God reveals are divine mysteries. one with You. Amen. • A divine mystery is a Christian truth that is revealed by God and 64 Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 3 must be accepted by faith. • The Blessed Trinity is the central mystery of our faith. This means that it is the most important. • Remember that what we know by reason cannot contradict what we know by faith. God reveals many things that we cannot fully understand, but this does not mean they contradict reason; they simply go beyond it. • Through God’s revelation and our acceptance in faith, we can grow in our understanding of divine mysteries.


• From this communion between the Father and Son, the Person of the Holy Spirit proceeds. Add “Holy Spirit.” aCnodn•cH louDlsyoioeSnsp:iGrTiothdaerrweeaaisnpotenurefseGtcotoscdohimanrmtehurienneitohDniisvoicfnoleomvPeme.rusnoinosn.?T(hYeesF!a)ther, Son,ds TBFtTghhpaehieertivnoheeStgcehBpetrrdhlieeieriseisdestmtn.ssiDnB.oesGcietudvttltoivhTfntderreheoisenimSnPypivtoeeyoaintrrrnes,ifeseesothcaonuaetnssnlpyeSoaetootrtrGohefnseoeehoicdrsaant,mcnrecnehoeooGtiaomtnotntthhmHhdseer,iutesrhbF,neepauai.oytetnhnrdtaehferorfee,rcfyoatdlmnaocifdrvofeteemhtr.hdaemTeitnshusttFeihnnfaraicFtoohrtanemeftdrhorooefalmonrlnoveadovenaen,tdnh.tehoeteahtShneHeooSront.holTyaenhrrSe.epniroitt Livingery od w in Reclaiming Time for God: There are many things that we can make into Fa!th ChallengeTWehchant ochloogicyecsacnabneyuosuemdafoker gtooouds.eBtuetchwneonloegeydstoo learn how to use it wisely. life? false gods in our lives today. One of these is technology. that God is still first in your • Why do you think it is easy for us to make technology a false god? (Answers may include it’s entertaining and it’s everywhere.) • Sometimes we can lose sight of what’s important and get caught up in what’s easy and entertaining. • It’s important to take a step back and see if we’ve become caught up in distractions rather than what truly matters: God. Let’s do that together. What are some devices that you use regularly? (Answers may include tablet, smartphone, computer, television, and video games.) 59 • How long do you spend on these devices each day? (Answers may vary.) y • Do you have trouble focusing on other things or people when you are on these devices? (Answers may vary.) Copy doodle. Point to each Person Father • Instead of focusing on these devices, we could be more aware of our families and their love and those needing our attention, as discussed. including God above everyone else. Is the Father God? (Yes.) Is the Is Not Is Is Not We should set up a plan to not only limit our use of technology but also Son God? (Yes.) Is the Spirit God? help us use it as a tool to put God first. (Yes.) How many gods are there? God Is (One.) How can this be? (Pause.) • One simple solution for limiting our time on technology is setting Is an alarm or timer. • The three Divine Persons of Son Is Not Holy • We could also pray before and after using technology. Spirit the Blessed Trinity are one • Instead of watching hours of funny videos online, we could also spend time watching videos that teach us the truth about God. God, but they are distinct from one another. There are many other things we can do. Turn to page 59 of the Student What does “distinct” mean? (Pause.) “Distinct” means different in Text and answer the question. some way; not the same. The three Persons are equal and share everything, yet they’re distinct. Optional Activity: The Blessed Trinity: A Perfect Communion of Love • Each Person of the Blessed Trinity is God, but each one is not the same as the others. “Father” and “Son” make us think of family. What binds families together? (Pause.) Love binds families together. • The three Divine Persons of the Blessed Trinity are a perfect Objective: Students will trace and fill in the diagram that shows the communion of love. relationship between the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity. • See doodle. Add “Father” Father You can access the blackline master for this activity on the teacher and “Son.” Holy portal. Spirit • The Father gives Himself Self-Gift Son Self-Gift Review Chapter 5, Lesson 3 perfectly and eternally to What are some false gods people have today? (Money, popularity, the Son. Draw a curved and beauty.) arrow from “Father” to “Son.” Add “Self-Gift.” • The Son gives Himself perfectly and eternally to the Father. Draw What do we call a Christian truth that is revealed by God and a curved arrow from “Son” to “Father.” Add “Self-Gift.” must be accepted by faith? (A divine mystery.) Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 3 65


Lesson 4 Reflection (Read slowly to prompt students during the meditation step.) ATTrehhat1ee.srhsoeSeYWenoeeaxpsemtrpieewwkeesonsrehpimtooeyhlbewmnipencaeeltkeihreoepewtvpheyecleeoeaeipsnleaxlhelfiremsfodeetuwacaabnlthdttesyhhocbeeotahseiifssuialGnttisyssegeo:.vtsdTehwwhabeoeteynertelcehxyaxpeainpernrneeerwoireititsehhnsnrnaceecetoeeinwt,Ghmgseoeuatcdihcrina.ehenfawfsesoecgretlrdsaw.,vLHiititkhiyseoomwuriisrrloaesvc,eelwen.ses,easn. d FRYaiyaseonoallanudoudor!wultfiwtsprshhitesaesiensyontdC.sa•••mtSocSAg uehahSocnernaDIHsbohaaasrsdhratssaei’,ooulhsorylwtlfolsumfwwaehievItneoiigerhtnenidhttnaghvrcgtgrwlegosGesu?aerlrvh”oiiej?elteunmndeyasadwtginonInapbdoeatluyystpheselnodaset’letaithaipindeblebrrlnieooacnncvlewwpieelegeau,lvtmrhysieehidrsfiteirenonohvkseampGinreasotodektcn?hdtshaosnyafeeaGeconsuebuuyoCrsm,ff.fio“eoSndoWrrhgruielenheltigyothbesceeidonwwdcomtlhaehseyiuehsosnssreuyeoItligofntteph“h.yt:.ieoAnhArrukofeeltsGemfaroedCdisghshuttrhyc,ah”twhIohalmodscsattrnruueagcgwclohinmagtptIloaismh HsReLuelipfsvfteaWehiernneiwhonardtuagnoubCttynoheohadngefaarelroyiueptrwo,stwtsyatdeiato.hs)hrntemHh5dlnoiee,ntvHhLgdefeaaei,ditnslcwsGosaemiotuloltrngydbhaorlegi3iisdnfeCelgs,o?ravupanicengdigofriepxpaaailonetteindehr.nagacllovoeoew. dtsoday? (Money, popularity, His presence in our lives. 23. .SeqaSaeoxGuCnopvmgesormiluwsoladectboeieinpitoudfrhaienstxeirGrsnpivehomokeeaonaidrrbwtwtmysiohsctebisuehatauusdtinisnfptloniftotgeceso.vn.arrBtebifoBnneeu,etnugcxftcornttitiaosetheseutncnaeexislindfyydaeestsmnsihtwnhooctepiifeelporllbeter,rachedmwsaoielesiknfhoere,enyGvrt“v.avoeooWiiltlliditbhonaiynrdn,yfiGnatrsswhagwnouewoddfeafuiwrenwbgldragoerhilenrclGyalagdaqowtgu.ueidrGnesereeasogtaetlhdstoxlioeoeciosdwrnidewtosg.ns,eoooSucisruonceclitdcdnehclo.ounoasTftdcuunihceittfn.aefoegJuyfresisenseauvgyis?l.’” What do we call a Christian truth that is revealed by God and must be accepted by faith? (A divine mystery.) Lectio Divina him DidWYhoautKisntohwe?central mystery of our Christian faith? (The Blessed possible to TTcrohinmeitBmyl.u)enssioend oTfriwnihtyati?s (aLorevela.)tionship of Persons and a perfectSSspmamtreiaanaijyntolil,nBracgeiconntinfnsleuvdopeeifurnctfbcteaaeldiitcsohafaofbtntnheyderhsaebtCrcrearciconneosggpnset,avirnwensgrhaassonitohudwnefff.iaersisrtei.nbnSgodhrswen, isctahursecfEdhadiittaiehtshd, as “All things are (Mark 9:23) who believes.” Who proceeds from the Father and the Son? (Holy Spirit.) 61 60 Chapter 5 Proclaiming What is the central mystery of our Christian faith? (The Blessed Let’s quiet our hearts and minds to hear the truth we believe: Trinity.) The Blessed Trinity is a relationship of Persons and a perfect We believe in the Blessed Trinity—one God in three Divine Persons. communion of what? (Love.) Who proceeds from the Father and the Son? (Holy Spirit.) Seeking Responding Lesson 4 Focus: We are witnesses to a world that denies the one true God. Begin and end with the Sign of the Cross. Blessed Virgin Mary, lead us closer to your Son, Jesus. By More and more people today say that there is no God. These people are knowing Him, may we come to understand more deeply the called atheists. Why do you think some people might not believe in mysteries He has revealed. Amen. God? (Answers may vary.) Let’s pray the Divine Praises together. See page 324 of the Student Text • There are usually three main reasons why people are atheists. (page 370 of the Teacher Manual). In this chapter, have the students repeat each line after you. First, some people are atheists because they think we should believe only in what our senses can perceive. Preparing • They think that because God is not visible, or able to be known Prayer: Lectio Divina  V with our senses, then He must not exist. But we believe in many Refer to the Lectio Divina Quick-Start Guide on page xi of the Teacher things that we cannot sense. Manual. Begin with the Sign of the Cross. • For example, we believe in love. Can you see love? (No.) But you Come, Holy Spirit, fill our hearts with Your grace and increase know that people love you because of how they treat you. You our faith as we pray with Your Word. Amen. see the effects of their love. Lead students in lectio divina on Mark 9:23: “All things are possible to him who believes.” • Likewise, we know that God exists because we can see the effects of His actions in the world He created. When we look at the world, we can see that there must be a God who exists and loves us. • You also believe in gravity. Can you see gravity? (No.) You can see its effects, such as when you drop a pen and it falls to the ground. But you can’t see or perceive gravity itself. 66 Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 4


es. Fa!th Challenge • But God is pure goodness and love. Can goodness and love and RYaiyaseonolHlanuduodosrwuelLfiuwtpsrshilitesaespfsiensyonfttde.samethScoSAgruehneaSoicneronnaoharatsrdhrugassaoui’,uoshylwtofsnmofwahveotnoiidehrntnedihtfangherltgrwleyiosGs?trrrvhw”o,isjetweumdeatsaidawttinhsnoaphodneaetuyHshpsdllnndaseo’eetitaipntdevbHlrlhneodoaecclwwpeaieeil,eda,uvttrchyswehirdGofsaeirenoiskeutloampGilnsotroddbktchnadshaosrnegiayfeiesconsneueuuyClrsmg,ff.,ofi“eonSroWarvghuarilenehnlitgcyonhbgcdeieidongwfrcomliehpaexeyueiasoasansisrunooetlttiognfteitdnehh.ey:.ireon.AnarukefgtclsGeloarooeddo.wds cause evil? (No.) Evil is the result of a person’s choice to reject God. So God does not cause evil. g Did You Know? • So why, then, is there suffering in the world? (Pause.) Was y say SSspmamtreiaanaiyjntolli,BnracgeiconntinfnslevudopeeifrunctfbcteaaeldiitcsohafaofbtntnheyderhsabetCrcrearciconneosggpsnet,avirnwensgrhaasosntiohudwnefff.iaersisrtei.nbnSgodhrswen, isctahursecfEdhadiittaiehtshd, as there any suffering on earth before the Fall? (No.) We use experience suffering and death because of Original Sin. ering?” Jesus’ • But even after Original Sin, why would God allow suffering in of evil. the world? (Pause.) If God is loving, wouldn’t He stop us from suffering? (Pause.) God is always with us in our suffering, even him when it does not feel like it. He does not want us to suffer, but He allows suffering so that a great good can come about. • How can God do that? (Pause.) Point to the crucifix. Out of the greatest evil that ever existed, Jesus’ suffering and Death, God brought about the greatest good, our salvation. Conclusion: Atheists are people who do not believe that God exists. Atheists fail to see God’s presence in the world, in our souls, and even in suffering. Living 61 Witnessing with Faith and Reason: Imagine someone challenged you by saying he doesn’t believe in the one true God. • Just like we know that gravity exists, we know that God exists because we can see His effects. We witness His miracles. We Would you be anxious or afraid? (Answers may vary.) observe the good and ordered world He created. We watch Him change hearts and sanctify us. • Such an interaction could be uncomfortable or tense because you’re discussing a topic that is personal to you. Second, some people are atheists because they think science can answer every question we have. • What cardinal virtue will God give us to strengthen us against fear of witnessing to others? (Fortitude.) • Can science tell you how hot the sun is? (Yes.) • It takes a lot of courage to be honest about your belief in God and • Can science tell you why you exist? (No.) Or what is morally to witness to another with love, not anger or fear. good or evil? (No.) Or what friendship and love are? (No.) • We know, too, that all truth comes from God. This means we can See doodle. Add “Life’s Questions Life’s Questions and Answers be courageous and witness the truth to others without having to be afraid. and Answers.” Add two lamps with Science Faith rays of light. Let’s practice responding to examples of things we may be challenged with as Christians. • Science can answer many questions about how the • Let’s imagine our friend comes to us and says that Christians are world works (Add “Science” foolish for believing in God because we cannot see Him with our and “How?”), but it cannot senses. Which of the following responses is better? answer why things are as they are. (Add “Faith” and “Why?”) To think that science answers everything limits what we can know. 1. We could tell him he is foolish for not believing in God. How? Why? 2. We could explain to him that it is common to believe in things that we cannot see with our senses but know because of their • If you look only under the light of science, you won’t find the effects, such as love and gravity. answers to the most important questions in life. (Option 2 is the better response.) One of the most important and difficult life questions is, Why is there suffering in the world? This question is often the third reason some • Let’s say your high school teacher says that science is the only people become atheists. way to know truth. Which of the following responses is better? • Some believe that God must be the cause of evil. Others believe 1. You could politely respond by saying that science explains that God cannot exist because a good God would not allow what or how things exist but cannot answer why we exist or suffering. what is morally good or bad. 2. You could believe that science and faith are opposed. (Option 1 is the better response.) Now turn to page 61 of the Student Text. Unit 2, Chapter 5, Lesson 4 67


Review Enrichment: Character Chapter 5 Review: There Is One God Responding Circle the best answer. BegHtinooatlhynedSfpeainridtiht,w.YWitohoutrhhkeaivnSeiagwnndoortfkhterhodeuiCngrhoasnusds. ttohrwouitgnhesaslltgoraeawtowrlidtntehsastesAEtmhAhpddeoafreirttottgehhtCfierreeseSesrhentnsoeiw,ogaoisownhgrnt.reakcsEPreacytvvoehdmeeldoaanteeroonttsuefld,e,rraa.otnElchlHmssydhoueiisuntriarhheggofelhatwaah,tdrlnheasogeehntnecrestgi,dhptsffheoeaaiaddsircadteshotneobohflddlueeebhlgmrageeJuwpceernro,aowsmwtyifobieeswAhlshhienhsaarogefvtpearsne,hmhsrasidhelihnoolceyedseueosbiiwwnvptituearshsaoddseantiretmbaewahodbgreouoeoprtyoasohGeekdioaollsfofer..dssdGSS’osuohhepceelerdhamxw,etiysibaaoatuurnesnnntyn.fedhicBrdeeemy.rrheainrfhdaeomrcobtouerslaietef that 1. What is a Creed? rules without meaning CR(Lrpeeeaptvh’gesiW(deeDaepawthi3nvreaa7iptinaehyt0ecsedttohhRotcfeehlehitwenhvarDeeeepoivltanacTeRinfaetertiealoebltecnrrPyGhu.yvr)oaeeaosdriusiGk’M.eseionsacdgwnto.outmAhgaememl)t.sehuItnnenur.dit.cheSainsettiecoshnptahaopegfteefHor3,lilm2oh4awsveoienlffgttt:hhoeemsSttauunddkeeinnnttdsT?extGHOaLooLoomnaElfdlaHiwfalCtedivhaoTsenm1tGd1oeaieezeets9drs9til,owerorvtrhdrypa4h9mEded,enhhai2yee8nsrd’sEre,uateesvara,oiaadsbsltsaerdtiweEthlnhbtiytiarttjexCdfeedhea,ohhmenPitxrienaEsembrtssdoryietitdruhdseeanehwoptt,ttithianwenonu.onetthsotedhthaclhanhmitfaSreateccsaeeadhosanhstawiwocaeeetcbisitidnnohsnonrhooriaiN’dtowtlydsnebngmlmieoenJgeteieftrpfwaoinagartehnGaanahnrRhteieu1ticutwoopens.toh9eeetfhdahoCr.3sadynPdlay.enaaay4ctaitetc.f,noonoccuhrahrSwfaodniloenbwaahSmvlsIlhndleIinleaeeh.cldtpoleitirogaewneofsnwaaatemvtobiatglio.eheTstkespAehnToeaoittbsnu.hkrcyhhaeh.aseehaeafcscSpasptndaahoeanetdtditwfzapdrohsdceltmailfetaooihtydhfszAdvffe,neseri,ervicdveesnawTiufeGeludeelra1hlreototr9.paeoteiemdee2Bwextrs.posed2ypoaaTtrde,pNytrahathhe.oiirlynedinaeieDsa.edCzyNdnhEehbniawioodsaawepnctptnidezelgheteiilohinsteeroarsetrsetvsh.wlttieotteshirHckohsaecefdaii,oitsulmntstt,clEhwemethawlehdeiadeeoen,neioc.fvtsndwddrthhmTeaofaehoerisacaan,urefrhatindettsetrJemha’heswsiepemma.ewecshwrySpoaapwooathiwnyodavssisaevmnceeheasbedtewdrnpebpndeeosdelaittesetniocoenecswcoagaEvttrclaptapraemdhooatlrstiCoenheunttpihhn,oeadrhth.eeeElorylamedoaddtjhrrsnosiie.uttasndaiohnltdiihntaet in a. A long list of jporuorfneesysioinntoofthfaeituhntkhnaotwenxpresses aWnhdaHt disoDwiveincealRl esovemlaetoinoen?w(Ahowtietnllessos.t)hers the truths about GodJTbJoeoeuruearrsnnwaaalwiltRpnaaeesgfshleseesctlopatierooednthainvearhsielawrbchleoenonvnethrthseieyonpdaobryuebnthtteGanwoddit’nssteuesdxseisontftefpnaoictreht?faulWsl .prieteopyloeu.rWahnaswt iesroonnethweajyouyronualcpaange. b. A foundational truths What are the two ways we come to know the6t3ruths that Jesus c. A revealed? (Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.) 2. Which statement is true? What do we call the authority of the Church to teach the truth MTFhaamenryeeoiissthtoehnreegmoGodossdte,imxainpsdto. rntoanottthheinr ggoindsli.fe. revealed by God? (The Magisterium.) a. . b. c. 3. A divine mystery of our faith a. contradicts reason b. cannot contradict reason c. always makes sense Use the word bank to complete the sentences. mysteSraycredDiTvriandeitRioenvelatSioancredBSlecrsispetudreTrinity 1. Blessed Trinity is one God in three DmiviynesPteersroyns: TtrheheveeFaaltehderb,ythGeoSdotnh,aatnmdutshtebHeoalcycSeppitreitd. Tbhyisfaisitha. divine 2. JGDaenosdiduv’ssiCtnrhuSertihsatRi,scGrereoevvde’desalDleaTidvrtitnhaieorodRnueigtvheiisolaGtniSoodna’siscc,mrothemaedmdeourpanSelictrceafeatriccoithpnainontgfdusHcrhiomeamnspedlleef,.dttTehdh.eorBowuibngleh, from the Apostles. 62 Chapter 5 Did You Know? What is a statement of the fundamental truths that God has revealed? (The Creed.) Saint Benedicta of the Cross, who was born as Edith Stein, converted after being an atheist. She credited small acts of faith by strangers What is the central mystery of our Christian faith? (The Blessed and friends, such as praying in public and accepting suffering with Trinity.) faith, as major influences on her conversion. What do we call people who say there is no God? (Atheists.) Science can answer questions about how the world works, but what questions can’t science answer? (Why things are as they are.) Review Chapter 5, Lesson 4 Why does God allow suffering if He is pure goodness and love? What do we call people who say there is no God? (Atheists.) (To bring a greater good.) Do we believe only in what we can see? (No.) Chapter 5 Review: There Is One God Turn to page 62 of the Student Text. Science can answer questions about how the world works, but what questions can’t science answer? (Why things are as they are.) Is God the cause of evil? (No.) Take Home Why does God allow suffering if He is pure goodness and love? The take-home pages are located on pages 63–64 of the Student Text (To bring a greater good.) and on the teacher and parent portals. These pages are the Enrichment page and the Family Faith page. Please send pages 63–64 home with the students. 68 Unit 2, Chapter 5, Review


Enrichment: Character After high school, Edith went to college, where she studied philosophy under a famous professor. Eventually she decided to become a . AEtmhAhpddeoafrierttottghehtCfierreesSeershentnsoewi,ogaoisownhgrnt.reakcsEPreacytvvoehdmeeldoaanteeroonttsuefld,e,rraa.otnElchlHmssydhoueiisuntriarhheggofelhatwaah,tdrnlheasogeehntnecrestgi,dhptsffheoeaaiaddsricadteshotneoobhflddlueeebhlgmrageeJuwpceernro,awosmwytifobieseAwhlshhienhsaarogefvtpearsne,hmhsrasidehlihnoolceyedesueosbiiwwnvptituearshsaoddseantiretmbaewahodbgroeuoeoprtyoaoshGeekdioaollsfofer..dssdGSS’osuohhepceleerdhamx,wetiysibaaoatuunrensnntyn.fedhicBrdeeemyr.rhaeinrfhademorcobtouerslaietef that philosopher herself. She earned her doctorate degree, started teaching alongside her professor, and wrote books. She was firm in her belief rsons: GHOaLooLoomnaEldflawHifaletCdivhaoesTnmdGt11oeeizaetedesr9st9il,eowvrrdothryarp4h9mEddee,hnyhaie2en8dsr’Ers,uetaseaevo,ariaadsstlbasterdEitwehlhbnitytitratjexdeCfeeadhh,homeniPtxinraeesEmbtrssrideoytdihtursdeaenewhtoptt,ttihawinenu.otnonthesotdhehtacnlhhamiafetSaretccedsaeahsoanhaswtwieoaceecbtsiinditonhnrsooonihrai’dNwolttsdymnnbgelmieoegnJeteefitrawifpangoarethnnaaGanhRritehuet1utciowpoe.hsnt9oeeetafhhCdor.a3sdnydPaly.enaacay4tatietofc.o,nnocchurarhSnfwioadolenbwaahSvmlsIlnhdelnIileeahec.ldtlopeiirtgoaeenwofswnaaatmevtiobagtoileh.eTtskpseAehnoeTaoitnbts.uhrkcyhhae.haseehaaefcsScpasptndaaoheteandtdtifwrpzadhosdceltamteflioaoihtyhdsfdAvzffe,nesreie,rviecdesvnaTwiufGeeldeulear1lhrtoeotr9.paeotieedmeB2wexetrsp.os2pdeyoaaTrtedpy,Naraththe.hrioiylnideanieDsae.edzCdEyNnhehbniawidosoaecawnpptitdneezlgteheiihloisnteearorsetrstevhwst.lteiohttesirHchkoasecefadi,iitosmulsntttc,lEhewmethalwehdieaedeeonn,eiocf.tvdsndwdtrhhmTeaoahfoeesiracaaun,erfhratdnisettetrJme’haehsswipemem.eaewcsrwhySpoaapwootahinywodavisssaemvnceheaebsedtewndrpebpndoeesdaleistteentioeconcewsocagaEvttrclaptaarpemdhooatlsrtiCohenntteupihhneo,adrhth.eeeEloryleaomdaddtjhrrsnois.iuetstandiaohtnldihintaet in that God did not exist. JTbJoeoeuruearrsnnwaaalwiltRpnaaeesgfshleseesctlpotaierooednthainvearhsielawrbchleoenonvnethrtsheieyonpdaobryuebnthtteGanwoddit’nssteuesdxseisontftefpnaoictreht?faulWls.prieteopyloeu.rWahnaswt iesroonnethweajyouyronualcpaange. ery However, Edith underwent a conversion after three experiences that left a deep impact on her. Through e. One day, she saw a woman enter an empty cathedral to pray. Edith he Bible, watched her pray and was amazed at the woman’s faith. down Later, Edith met the widow of a friend who had passed away. Despite 63 this woman’s sadness at the loss of her husband, she continued to believe in and love God. This had a tremendous impact on Edith. Enrichment Lastly, Edith read a biography of Saint Teresa of Avila. By reading this, Character: A Conversion from Atheism Edith came to believe the truth of God’s existence and the Catholic faith. Refer students to the corresponding Enrichment page on page 63 of the Edith saw truth and beauty in what each of these people believed, and Student Text. she was determined to live her life in the same way. She was baptized in 1922 and went to teach at a convent school and later at a Catholic Edith Stein came from a large, faithful Jewish family in an area of college. Germany that is now Poland. Her father passed away when she was two years old, but her mother worked to ensure that she and her siblings However, Edith soon faced challenges. Sadly, due to Nazi persecution received a good education. By her teenage years, though, she had of Jewish people, Edith lost her job teaching at the college. These begun to have doubts about God’s existence. difficulties did not lessen her faith. She went on to join a Carmelite monastery in 1934 and took the name Teresa, in honor of the saint whose biography had inspired her to faith in God. Teresa and her sister Rosa, who also had converted to Catholicism, were moved to a Carmelite monastery in the Netherlands to be kept safe from the Nazis. However, they were captured in 1942 and sent to the prison camp at Auschwitz, where they were killed. Teresa was declared a saint in 1998 by Pope Saint John Paul II. Teresa was helped in her conversion by the witness of faithful people. Name one way you can be a witness to others when they doubt God’s existence. Take a few minutes to answer this question on your journal page. Journal pages are available on the teacher, parent, and student portals. For the Teacher Digging Deeper: Big “T” Tradition versus Small “t” Tradition The word “tradition” comes from the Latin tradere, which means “to hand over or pass down.” Sacred Tradition—oral teachings and practices the Apostles handed down to their successors—is sometimes called big “T” tradition. In contrast, there are other practices and customs that the Church has handed down over the centuries that are not considered to be divinely revealed. Thus, they are often called small “t” traditions because they can be changed or abolished. An example of a big “T” tradition (Sacred Tradition) is baptizing infants, which the New Testament mentions only implicitly, saying that entire households were baptized at the same time, both adults and children (see Acts of the Apostles 16:33). But something like the style of the baptismal font is a small “t” tradition that can be changed. Unit 2, Chapter 5 69


Chapter 5 Bonus Activities Lesson 4 Activity Lesson 1 Activity Practicing Engagement with Doubts Verse Hunt Materials: • Blackline master is on the teacher portal; one per pair of students Materials: • Blackline master is on the teacher portal; one per student As a class, brainstorm common doubts and atheistic arguments and • Writing utensils ways to respond. Then have students partner up with one another • Bible; one per student (if you have an odd number of students, make one group of three). Hand each pair a “cheat sheet” card of common arguments and a Students will practice the skill of finding verses in the Bible. See “cheat sheet” card with ways to respond. Instruct one of the appendix on page 338 of the Student Text for an explanation of students to pretend he is an atheist or is having doubts about God. finding verses in the Bible. Have the other student practice responding to his arguments or questions. After a set number of minutes based on how much time First, review how to look up Bible passages with the whole class. you have, have the partners switch with each other so the one Write “John 1:41” on the board. As a class, practice finding the playing the atheist is now the respondent and vice versa. While the Gospel of John, chapter 1, verse 41. Have the following discussion: students are discussing, go around the room and help guide the discussion if they need encouragement. After another set number • What does this verse tell us “Messiah” means? (“Christ.”) of minutes, have each pair report to the class on their discussions. • In which verse did you find this answer? (John 1:41.) For the Teacher Once you have completed this review with the class, hand out the Digging Deeper: The History of the Formation of the Creed blackline masters. Either break students into groups or have them “Creed” comes from the Latin credo, “I believe,” and thus Creeds work on this independently. Have students find each passage in the are summaries of what we believe. The Creed that we recite Bible, read it, and provide a quotation from Jesus that reveals who most often at Mass has ancient origins. The first Creeds were God is. said by people about to be baptized in front of Christian witnesses. In the early fourth century, a priest named Arius Lesson 2 Activity publicly denied that Jesus was God. Many bishops supported him. This caused such confusion that the emperor, Constantine, Memorizing the Apostles’ Creed summoned bishops from all over the world to a place called Nicaea to settle the matter for the whole Church. The Council Over the next three weeks, have students memorize the Apostles’ of Nicaea issued most of the modern Creed that we profess at Creed. Break the Creed up into three parts, working on one part Sunday Mass, affirming that Jesus was God and condemning each week: (1) I believe in God the Father; (2) I believe in Jesus Arius’ views. Thus, it is called the Nicene Creed, though the Christ; and (3) I believe in the Holy Spirit. Emphasize that the Creed Church has added small pieces to it as our understandings have professes our faith in God the Father, God the Son, and God the been clarified over time. Holy Spirit. Digging Deeper: The Names of the Twelve Apostles In class, instruct students to turn to the Creed in the appendix on Most of us know the names of some of the most prominent page 330 of the Student Text and repeat each line after you, adding Apostles, especially Simon Peter, Matthew, John, and Judas. on a line or a few lines each day, building up to reciting the whole But how to remember the other eight? There are two sets of Creed together. brothers: Peter and Andrew; John and James. There was also James the Lesser and Simon the Zealot. Thomas (from whom Have students work on memorizing each part at home with their we get the expression “doubting Thomas”) doubted when the parents throughout the week. Suggest memorization tools, such as others said they saw the risen Lord (see John 20). For Philip covering up one line at a time or creating hand motions to go along and Bartholomew, remember that Jesus supernaturally saw with key words. Let families know they can find the Apostles’ Creed Bartholomew (also known as Nathaniel) under a fig tree before on the parent portal and in the appendix in the Student Text. Philip went to get him (see John 1:43–51). Lastly, there is an Apostle with many names: Thaddeus, Jude, or Judas. It is easiest to remember him as the good Judas or the other Judas. 70 Unit 2, Chapter 5


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