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# Steamboat Proposal

## Description: Steamboat Proposal

PROPOSAL MINI PROJECT BBS 10103 PHYSICS TOPIC 4 : THERMAL PHYSICS ( THERMODYNAMICS )

SITI NUR AFIQAH MUHAMAD NUR FATIHAH BINTI BINTI MUSTAPHA NURSALMAN BIN KHAIRUL MUNIR SAMSUL ANUAR 08BEU21F3013 08BEU21F3015 08BEU21F3014 M. AMIR FIRDAUS MUHAMMAD IZZAT BIN AZMAN AHMAD NAJIB FARHAN BIN AZHAR FAHMI BIN MOHD 08BEU21F3016 08BEU21F3018 NASARUD'DIN 08BEU21F3017

PROJECT DESCRIPTION Steamboat. The steam engines on steamboats burned something to heat water in a large boiler to create steam. A valve would then open to release the steam. The steam out will push the boat forward to move.

OBJECTIVES To analyze the energy exchange processes. To be able to demonstare that heat can be turned into work. To observe the speed of boat by the amount of heat applied.

DIAGRAM

MATERIAL & COST RM0 RM 6 RM RM0 RM3.2 0 RM0

RESULT

RESULT Energy Source Distance (cm) Time (s) Speed (cm/s) 56.82 1.76 1 Candle 100 48.29 2.07 2 Candle 100

RESULT By using this model, we had an experiment about motion speed. Speed is a scalar quantity that refers to \"how fast an object is moving\" measures the distance traveled over the change in time. The distance traveled by boat was determined to be 100cm. As we can see, we set the candle as the source of energy for the boat to move forward. The result is the boat has a speed of 1.76cm/s.

DISCUSSION A Steam bot is powered by a very simple heat engine without moving part. This engine consists of a small boiler, which is connected to an exhaust tube. When the tube is applied to the boiler, water in the boiler evaporates and produce steams. The expanding steam is pushed out of the boiler into the air propelling the boat forward. The momentum of the column of water in the exhaust tube keeps it moving out, so that the pressure inside the boiler drops below atmospheric pressure

IMPACT Smaller steam engine will make such an impact on transportation including steamboats. In addition steam power is still heavily used around the world in various applications. Many traditional barns/factories use steam- generated systems by burning coal to produce electricity. In addition, nuclear power plants use steam generated by nuclear fusion to produce electricity

CONCLUSION The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed and can only be altered in other form. In analyzing an open system using the first law of thermodynamics, the energy into the system is equal to the energy leaving the system. The amount of energy is transferred from the system to other sides of the system.