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Home Explore Threats to National Security and How Government Protects its Citizens

Threats to National Security and How Government Protects its Citizens

Published by Dolores Rubin, 2021-01-11 08:42:44

Description: In today’s world, companies in various industries are increasingly running into issues that have national security implications. Research universities and other academic institutions can face issues involving national security risks as well. As a result, whereas protecting national security was once a matter reserved for the federal government, today, both private and public companies and institutions can play vital roles, and these entities must implement adequate security controls to mitigate threats and prevent intrusions.


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Threats to National Security and How Government Protects its Citizens CREATED BY DOLORES RUBIN

What Is a National Security Threat Anything that threatens the physical well- being of the population or jeopardizes the stability of a nation’s economy or institutions is considered a national security threat.

Pandemic Threats For a recent example of a national security threat, look no further than the COVID-19 pandemic. While pandemics can unfold on a global scale, different countries face them in different ways, often to varying levels of success.

Protecting Against Disease COVID-19 is a reminder that the threat of a global pandemic is ever-present. It’s a call for national governments to be prepared. Governments have a number of ways to safeguard their citizenry from diseases and viral threats.

Biological Warfare Some diseases occur naturally and not through any act of malignancy or hostility. However, history also provides many examples of biological weapons being harnessed to cause widespread terror. Biological warfare poses a significant threat to national security, yet governments can put into place important safeguards to minimize this risk.

Botulinum Toxin Botulinum toxin, classified by scientists as a neurotoxic protein, has a number of commercial uses, both in food processing and in the manufacturing of cosmetic products. However, when weaponized and deployed, it can cause significant health effects, including the disease botulism.

Cyberterrorism Cyberterrorism provides another national security threat. The Center for Strategic and International Studies, a global think tank, reports dozens of incidents of cyberterrorism in 2020 alone. In India, a group of human rights activists was targeted by terrorists who infected their computers with malware.

Protecting Against Cyberterrorism Governments may take multiple precautions against cyberterrorist activity. In the U.S., for example, the Department of Defense monitors U.S. interests in cyberspace and maintains a list of those who’ve been assessed as potential threats. Former President Barack Obama signed an executive order allowing U.S officials to impose sanctions on those suspected of participation in cyberterrorism against the country.

Climate Change and National Security Climate change may also be considered a national security threat as its long-term effects may bring disastrous ecological consequences. However, because this is a threat that all nations face, and because much of the work done to fight climate change is done through international coalitions, climate change is more often regarded as a global security issue.

Transnational Crimes An important additional national security threat is a transnational crime. The FBI defines transnational crime groups as groups that seek their own power, influence, or financial gains through illegal activity, regardless of physical geography.

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