by classklapTM INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK – TERM 2 ENGLISH, MATHEMATICS, EVS Enhanced Edition 4 Name: ___________________________________ Section: ________________ Roll No.: _________ School: __________________________________ NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 1 1/7/2019 2:57:05 PM

English Contents Class 4 7 The Prince and the Pauper ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 8 The Owl and the Pussycat ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8 9 Alice in Wonderland �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14 S3 Speaking Project ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 18 R3 Reading Comprehension ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 19 10 Beware of Mikhailovitch ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23 Glossary �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 2 1/7/2019 2:57:05 PM

The Prince 7 and the Pauper Imagination and Adventure Listen and Say Aloud Words strange wicked mistreat disturbed imprisoned observed relieved garments Warm Up • What would you do if you met a prince or a princess? • W hat questions would you ask him or her? Let us read the story of a poor boy who gets a chance to meet and talk to a prince. NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 3 1 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

Reading the Text Tom Canty was a poor boy who lived in London. His father was a thief. Tom’s favourite dream was to meet the prince. Tom and the prince were born on the same day but in very different surroundings. One day, the dream came true. Read the story to know what happened next. ‘What is your name, boy?’ asked the prince to a strange-looking lad. ‘Tom Canty, Sir’, he replied. The prince found this name to be odd. ‘Where do you live?’ enquired the prince. ‘In the city, in Offal Court off Pudding Lane’, answered Tom. This address too sounded rather strange to the prince. enquired Growing curious about Tom’s family, the prince asked further, ‘Do you have parents?’ ‘I have parents and a grandmother who is not kind to me; God forgive me if it is wrong to say so. I also have twin sisters, Nan and Bet’, twin replied Tom. ‘So, your grandmother does not love you?’ asked the prince. wicked ‘My grandmother loves nobody, as she has a wicked heart’, said Tom. mistreat ‘Does she mistreat you?’ the prince asked. ‘There are times when she is drunk or asleep and does not lift her hand. But she makes up for it by beating harder at other times’, replied Tom sadly. The prince was very disturbed by this. ‘What? Does she beat you?’ he asked drunk angrily. ‘Yes, indeed’, Tom confirmed. ‘How can she beat you? You imprisoned are so small and weak. I will have her imprisoned in the Tower immediately!’ the prince declared. ‘Sir, the Tower is for important people. My grandmother has a lowly place in society’, Tom pointed disturbed out. The prince admitted that he had not thought of that. ‘I will decide her punishment later’, he said. temper The prince then asked Tom about his father. ‘He is not any kinder than my grandmother’, said Tom with a whimper. This touched the prince’s heart. ‘My father does not have a good temper either. He is very strict. He doesn’t beat me, but he is quite heavy-handed with me. He does not spare me from his tongue’, observed the prince. 2 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 4

‘How about your mother?’ the prince asked. Tom’s face brightened up, much to the relief of the prince. ‘She is good and does not give me any pain or sorrow. Nan and Bet are like her’, answered Tom. ‘How old are your sisters?’ asked the prince. ‘Fifteen’, replied Tom. The prince sorrow revealed that he had one sister, Lady Elizabeth, who was fourteen. His other sister, Lady Mary, was so gloomy that she did not even permit the servants to laugh. ‘Do your sisters forbid the servants to laugh?’ asked the prince. Tom answered, ‘Oh Sir, do you think they have servants?’ The prince was very surprised. ‘Who helps them to change their garments forbid garments at night? Who helps them to get dressed in the morning?’ he asked. ‘No one. They have one garment each’, responded Tom. ‘Why do they have only one each?’ asked the curious prince. ‘What would they do with more? They have but one body each’, replied Tom. The prince could not understand how anybody could have only one dress. ‘Then, I have decided that they shall have as many dresses as they desire’, announced the prince. After this conversation, Tom and the prince decided to change places, and they had many adventures together. – Adapted from The Prince and the Pauper by Mark Twain Let Us Discuss 1) What is the poor boy’s name? 2) What is common between the prince and the poor boy? 3) How old is Lady Elizabeth? 4) What is special about Lady Mary? The Prince and the Pauper 3 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 5 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word strange enquired twin wicked mistreat drunk disturbed imprisoned with a whimper temper heavy-handed spare me from his tongue observed sorrow forbid garments desire 4 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 6

Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) Where did Tom Canty live? Ans. 2) Who were the people in Tom Canty’s family? Ans. 3) Why did the prince have to consider a punishment for the grandmother? Ans. 4) What did the prince decide for Tom’s sisters? Ans. Exercise 3: Read and answer 1) ‘How can she beat you? You are so small and weak. I will have her imprisoned in the Tower immediately!’ a) Who is speaking and to whom? Ans. b) Who beat whom? Ans. 2) ‘She is good and does not give me any pain or sorrow. Nan and Bet are like her’ a) Who is speaking and to whom? Ans. The Prince and the Pauper 5 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 7 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

b) Who is the speaker talking about? Ans. c) Who are Nan and Bet? Ans. Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) F rom the story, it seems like the prince’s life was very happy, and Tom’s life was difficult. However, can you think of a few difficulties that the prince might have had in his life? Ans. 2) After reading the story, what kind of a person do you think the prince’s father was? Ans. 6 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 8

Speaking Task Pair discussion Get into pairs. Discuss what adventures the two boys might have had once they exchanged places. Think of an adventure that they would each have had. Given here are a few examples. • Tom Canty may have been crowned as the king in place of the prince. • The prince may have taught Tom’s father and grandmother a lesson. The Prince and the Pauper 7 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 9 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

The Owl 8 and the Pussycat Imagination and Adventure Listen and Say Aloud Word Rhyming word Word Rhyming words honey money guitar are, star, car boat note fowl above love owl sing married tarried ring day grows nose away stood willing shilling wood will mince quince hill sand spoon Moon hand – – 8 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 10

And there in a wood a Piggy-wig stood With a ring at the end of his nose, His nose, His nose, With a ring at the end of his nose. ‘Dear Pig, are you willing to sell for one shilling Your ring?’ Said the Piggy, ‘I will’. shilling So, they took it away, and were married next day By the Turkey who lives on the hill. They dined on mince, and slices of quince, Which they ate with a runcible spoon; And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand, They danced by the light of the Moon, quince The Moon, The Moon, They danced by the light of the Moon. – Edward Lear Let Us Discuss 1) What are the names of the mentioned animals? 2) Where did the Owl and the Pussycat go? 3) What was the colour of the boat? 4) How was the Owl’s song? The Owl and the Pussycat 9 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 11 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

Understanding the Text Exercise 1: New words Meaning Word pound elegant charmingly tarried shilling mince quince runcible Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did the Owl and the Pussycat take on their journey to the sea? Ans. 2) What was the Owl doing on the boat? Ans. 3) What did the animals in the poem do for a ring for their wedding? Ans. 10 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 12

Warm Up • Have you ever seen a pussycat and an owl? Where? • Do you think that two animals can be friends? According to you, which animals can be friends with each other? Let us read a poem about an owl and a pussycat who are on a journey that leads to their marriage. Reading the Text The Owl and the Pussycat went to sea In a beautiful pea-green boat, T hey took some honey, and plenty of money, Wrapped up in a five-pound note. po und The Owl looked up to the stars above, And sang to a small guitar, ‘O lovely Pussy! O Pussy, my love, What a beautiful Pussy you are, You are, You are! What a beautiful Pussy you are!’ Pussy said to the Owl, ‘You elegant fowl! How charmingly sweet you sing! O let us be married! Too long we have tarried: charm ingly But what shall we do for a ring?’ elegant They sailed away, for a year and a day, To the land where the Bong-Tree grows The Owl and the Pussycat 11 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 13 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

4) How did the Owl and the Pussycat celebrate their wedding? Ans. Exercise 3: Read and answer There are many rhyming words in the poem, like boat and note, above and love and sing and ring. Write down two rhyming words for each of the following words. 1) grow 2) nose 3) pound 4) sell 5) look Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) The Owl and the Pussycat carried a few things along when they went to sea. If you went sailing for a year and a day, what would you take with you? Why? Ans. 2) Do you find this poem funny? Why? What are the things and words that you think are nonsensical in the poem? Ans. 12 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 14

Speaking Task Role play Form groups and play the characters from the poem. Enact the whole poem with actions and props. Your props can be a jar of honey, a few notes of money, a coin for a shilling, a small ruler that can be used as the guitar and so on. ruler money spoon honey NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 15 The Owl and the Pussycat 13 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

9 Alice in Wonderland Listen and Say Aloud Words with two syllables – verbs (second syllable is stressed) present decrease upset decide require reject rewrite increase Warm Up • Have you ever attended a tea party? • What kind of land would you like to visit if you slipped down through a rabbit hole? Let us read a story about a young girl named Alice who attends a mad tea party. 14 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 16

Reading the Text One day, Alice follows a rabbit down a rabbit hole and reaches a strange land. She meets many strange creatures and has amazing adventures with them. She becomes a guest at a tea party where March Hare and Hatter are sitting at one end of a huge table. They’re resting their elbows on Dormouse, who is sitting between them and talking nonsense over his head. All three: (on seeing Alice) No room, no room. Alice: (surprised) There’s plenty of room. Alice sits at one end. March Hare: Have some wine. Alice: (looking around and seeing only tea) I don’t see any. March Hare: There isn’t any. Alice: (angrily) Then it wasn’t very civil of you to offer it. March Hare: It wasn’t very civil of you to sit down uninvited. Alice: I didn’t know it was your table; it’s laid for a great many more than three. Hatter: (looking at Alice with curiosity) Your hair wants cutting. Alice: (severely) You should learn not to make personal remarks. It’s very rude. Hatter: Why is a raven like a writing desk? severely Alice: I believe I can guess that. March Hare: Do you mean that you think you can find out the answer? Alice: Exactly so. March Hare: Then, you should say what you mean. raven Alice: I do, at least I mean what I say; that’s the same thing, you know. Hatter: N ot the same thing a bit! You might as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same as ‘I eat what I see’! Alice in Wonderland 15 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 17 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM

March Hare: You might just as well say ‘I like what I get’ is the same as ‘I get what I like’! Dormouse: (talking in his sleep) You might just as well say ‘I breathe when I sleep’ is the same as ‘I sleep when I breathe’! Hatter: It is the same thing with you. There is silence for a while. Hatter: (taking his watch out of his pocket and shaking it uneasily) What day of the month is it? Alice: The fourth. Hatter: (with a sigh) Two days wrong. I told you butter wouldn’t suit the works. meekly He looks angrily at March Hare. March Hare: (meekly) It was the best butter. Hatter: But some crumbs have got in as well. You shouldn’t have put it in crumbs with a bread knife. March Hare takes the watch, looks at it gloomily and dips it into his cup of tea. What a strange party! – Adapted from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll Let Us Discuss 1) Who all were at the tea party? 2) Who was sitting between March Hare and Hatter? 3) What did Alice find rude? 4) What did the March Hare do with Hatter’s watch? 16 1/7/2019 2:57:06 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 18

Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word civil uninvited curiosity severely raven uneasily meekly crumbs gloomily Speaking Task Group activity Imagine you were having a tea party of your own. If you had to invite five imaginary characters from stories and books that you have read, who would they be? What would happen at the party? Form a group with your classmates and enact a scene with dialogues. Alice in Wonderland 17 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 19 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

S3 Speaking Project My favourite story of imagination and adventure Writers and filmmakers have very creative imaginations. Sometimes, they write stories that cannot happen in real life. Some stories are full of magic, superheroes or mythical creatures. They might take place on another planet or in another undiscovered world. Think of your favourite story or film in which impossible things happen. Share the story with your class and say why you liked it. 18 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 20

R3 Reading Comprehension Passage 1 Read the story and answer the questions given below. Last Sunday, little Phulmani went to see a jatra with her parents. She was very excited to see the jatra. The next day, when she told the story of the performance to the class, her teacher said that jatra is actually a kind of folk theatre. This kind of theatre is performed under different names in different parts of our country. It is called ‘tamasha’ in Maharashtra, ‘nautanki’ in northern India and ‘jatra’ in Bengal. Most of these folk theatres are based on incidents or characters from myths. India has a rich heritage of classical dance forms, and many of them are based on myths. The dancers wear colourful costumes and dance in rhythm with music. Kathak is a dance of northern India, while Bharatanatyam, Mohiniattyam, Kuchipudi and Kathakali are all from southern India. Manipuri and Odissi are dance forms of eastern India. Such a wide variety of dance forms cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Phulmani came to know that Indian kings and rulers patronised classical music and dance in their courts. Emperor Akbar loved to listen to the songs of Tansen. Our country is so big that we have many different styles of classical music like Hindustani and Carnatic. Many of these styles began in temples and developed down the ages. NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 21 19 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

1) What did the teacher say a jatra was? Ans. 2) Who did Emperor Akbar like to listen to? Ans. 3) Rewrite the sentences by correcting spelling and punctuation errors. a) i am very found of signing and dancing. Ans. b) My faouvrite dance is kathak I like bharatanatyam to. Ans. c) I want to partisipate in a dance compitition next ear. Ans. 4) The meaning of ‘myths’ is . 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) character a) supported or sponsored 2) heritage b) a role in a play 3) patronised c) cultural traditions that are passed down through generations 20 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 22

Passage 2 Read the story and answer the questions given below. Welcome to the Arctic! That is the cold, windy area around the North Pole. It includes the Arctic Ocean and the land near it. Snow and ice cover the ground for most of the year. The walrus, polar bear and snowy owl are a few animals that live in this habitat and survive the cold. A walrus spends most of its time in icy water. It has a thick layer of blubber, or fat, under its skin to keep it warm. When a walrus swims, blood flows away from its skin to important organs inside its body. That keeps heat from leaving the walrus’s body, and its skin turns white. When it is warm again, its skin turns pink. A polar bear has special fur to keep it warm. Each hair is walrus shaped like a straw. The shape helps direct sunlight towards the bear’s black skin, which collects and holds in heat. Polar bears also have a layer of blubber under their skin. A snowy owl has two layers of feathers that cover its entire body. The bottom layer, which is soft and fluffy, is called ‘down’. The outer layer of feathers is thick. In strong wind, the snowy owl may hide on the ground behind a pile of snow or rocks to block the wind. polar bear 1) Which are the animals that live in the Arctic? Ans. 2) What happens when a walrus swims? Ans. Reading Comprehension 21 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 23 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

3) Fill in the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives. . Base adjective Comparative form Superlative form a) thick ______________________ _____________________ b) near ______________________ _____________________ c) warm ______________________ _____________________ 4) The meaning of ‘blubber’ is 5) Match the words with their correct meanings. Column A Column B 1) habitat a) soft, fine feathers 2) down b) continue to live in difficult conditions 3) survive c) the natural home of an animal 22 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 24

10 Beware of Mikhailovitch Exploring the World Listen and Say Aloud furnished gangster Words moustache fireplace scratching regal acquaintance groceries Warm Up • Have you ever changed houses? • Do you think changing houses and going to new places is good? Why or why not? Let us read a funny drama piece about a mysterious character named Mikhailovitch. NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 25 23 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Reading the Text Setting: A cosy living room in a cottage in Russia with a fireplace at the fireplace back. Two easy chairs and a sofa with a centre table are the only furniture in the living room. An old, worn-out rug is placed on the floor, close to the fireplace. Cast – a man in his forties; Meera’s husband Satish Anand – a woman in her forties; Satish’s wife Meera – Satish and Meera’s nine-year-old son Aditya – the Russian landlord Yuri – the Russian cleaning lady Valentina Satish: This is a lovely and beautifully furnished cottage. We were lucky to get it. It’s really cosy. Aditya: (sitting on the sofa) I’m tired, and I’m also bored. Meera: (sitting on the chair) Don’t worry. I’m sure you will make furnished lots of friends at school. Aditya: I’m cold. Satish: (moving to the fireplace and warming his hands) Come closer to the fireplace. It’s warm. Aditya: (not moving) I’m hungry. Meera: Just wait for a bit. Yuri said Valentina would bring some groceries groceries very soon, and I’ll make you a sandwich. Satish: Meera, come here; I want to talk to you about something. Meera: (going close to him) Yes, what is it? Satish: Yuri told me a strange thing. Before he disconnected the call, he said, ‘Beware of Mikhailovitch’. I don’t understand what he meant. Meera: Shhh! Don’t let Aditya hear that. He might get scared. Aditya: I heard you! Who is Mikhailovitch? 24 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 26

Satish: (with a forced smile) Nothing, son. Doorbell rings. Meera: (opening the door) Ah, it’s Valentina. Do come in. Valentina comes in, carrying packets of groceries. Valentina: Good evening, welcome to Moscow. I have brought the groceries. She goes into the kitchen to keep the packets. Valentina: Icleaned the cottage yesterday. If you need any help, I live close by. Do give me a call. Yuri is coming to meet you, and he will give you your local mobile phone and my number. She opens the front door and steps out. Valentina: Everything is fine here, but beware of Mikhailovitch. Valentina closes the door and leaves before the family can ask questions. Aditya: Who is Mikhailovitch? Satish: (uneasily) Don’t worry; I’m sure it’s nothing. Aditya: I’m sure Mikhailovitch is a gangster. A tall, huge man with a black gangster hat and a machine gun. Papa, I’m scared, I wish we hadn’t come. Satish: Be calm; Yuri is coming very soon. We’ll ask him. Meera, please make a sandwich for Aditya. Meera: (going to the kitchen) Of course, coming to help me? Aditya: No, we better be prepared in case Mikhailovitch comes in with his revolver gun. Papa, you don’t happen to have a hidden revolver, do you? Satish: (smiling) No, son. I don’t. There is a scratching sound at the front door. Aditya: (in a panicked tone) That must be Mikhailovitch, what should we do? Satish: (opening the door a little and laughing loudly) Come in. Aditya: Papa! Be careful, what are you doing? Satish opens the door, and a beautiful, white cat walks in regally, regally with measured steps, goes to the rug near the fireplace and settles down. Beware of Mikhailovitch 25 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 27 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Satish: This cat must belong to the owners of the cottage. See how comfortable it is. Aditya: (with a relieved sigh) I was very frightened. Satish and Aditya share a smile. Meera: What was the commotion? Oh my goodness, what do we have here? What a beauty! Come here. The cat ignores everyone and makes itself comfortable. commotion Aditya: Mummy, we were really scared just now. The cat scratched the door, and I thought it was Mikhailovitch. When Papa opened the door, I got really scared. Meera: (smiling) We’ll clear this mystery of Mikhailovitch once and for all when Yuri comes. Now, be a good boy and have your snack. Aditya goes into the kitchen and returns with a look of surprise. Aditya: Mummy, where are the sandwiches? There is an empty plate on the table. Meera: (stunned) I made them just now. What could have happened? Aditya: Mummy, I’m terrified. Do you think Mikhailovitch came in through the kitchen window and took the sandwiches? Doorbell rings. Satish opens the door. Satish: It’s Yuri. Do come in. Yuri: (shaking hands with Satish) Welcome to our country! I’m sure acquaintance you will enjoy yourself here. This cottage is very comfortable except for one thing. Ah! I see Mikhailovitch has made your acquaintance, naughty boy. Satish, Meera and Aditya: Who is Mikhailovitch? Yuri: (pointing to the cat) There he is. Is there any food missing? He is always hungry and steals all the food in the kitchen. Beware of Mikhailovitch! Everyone bursts out laughing, and the looks of worry on the faces of Satish and Meera disappear. – Manjula Shukla 26 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 28

Let Us Discuss 1) In which country is the play set? 2) What was the strange thing that Yuri said over the phone? 3) Who did Aditya think Mikhailovitch was? 4) Who was Mikhailovitch? Understanding the Text Meaning Exercise 1: New words Word fireplace furnished groceries gangster revolver regally commotion acquaintance Exercise 2: Literature comprehension 1) What did Satish tell Meera? Ans. Beware of Mikhailovitch 27 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 29 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

2) What did Valentina tell the family after she brought the groceries? Ans. 3) What did Aditya imagine Mikhailovitch to be like? Ans. 4) What did Mikhailovitch use to do? Why? Ans. Exercise 3: Read and answer State whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for true and F for false. 1) The family has moved into a big, cold house. 2) Meera is going to make some pizzas for Aditya. 3) Yuri was the first person who told the family to be careful of Mikhailovitch. 4) Valentina brought clothes for the family. 5) Mikhailovitch is a gangster. Exercise 4: Value-based questions – Judgement and appreciation 1) The Anand family is new to the house in Russia. How were the different family members feeling throughout the play? Ans. 28 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 30

2) Why do you think Mikhailovitch was scratching at the door? Studying the behaviour of pets like dogs and cats can be very interesting. Can you think of something that you have noticed in your pets or animals around you? Ans. Speaking Task Group discussion Get into groups of three. Now, imagine that Mikhailovitch wasn’t a cat after all. In your group, think of a different ending for the play. Write it down and share your ending with the rest of the class. Vote for a group other than your own that you think presented the best ending. Beware of Mikhailovitch 29 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 31 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Glossary Sr. No. Words Meaning 1 acquaintance (n.) a person whom one knows but is not close to 2 charmingly (adv.) pleasingly or delightfully 3 civil (adj.) polite or well-mannered 4 commotion (n.) a state of confusion or excitement 5 crumbs (n.) tiny pieces of bread 6 curiosity (n.) the desire to know or learn about something new 7 desire (v.) to want or wish for something 8 disturbed (adj.) felt upset 9 drunk (adj.) 10 elegant (adj.) having drunk so much alcohol that normal actions (such as talking, thinking and moving) become difficult to do graceful or having good taste 11 enquired (v.) asked for information 12 fireplace (n.) a place designed to light a fire to keep a room warm 13 forbid (v.) to order someone not to do something NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 32 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Sr. No. Words Meaning provided with furniture 14 furnished (adj.) a member of a group of criminals pieces of clothing 15 gangster (n.) sadly and hopelessly supplies like food, meat and vegetables 16 garments (n.) strict and harsh locked up 17 gloomily (adv.) shyly or humbly meat that is chopped or cut into small pieces 18 groceries (n.) to treat someone badly said; remarked 19 heavy-handed a basic unit of money in some countries in the UK (adj.) a hard, pear-shaped fruit a common bird in the crow family with dark feathers 20 imprisoned (v.) in a royal manner 21 meekly (adv.) 22 mince (n.) 23 mistreat (v.) 24 observed (v.) 25 pound (n.) 26 quince (n.) 27 raven (n.) 28 regally (adv.) NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 33 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Sr. No. Words Meaning 29 revolver (n.) a pistol that allows several shots to be discharged a nonsense word that has no meaning; created by Lear and 30 runcible (adj.) used in many of his other works in a serious manner 31 severely (adv.) a coin that was used in Britain; which has less value than a pound 32 shilling (n.) a feeling of great sadness 33 sorrow (n.) does not leave any chance of scolding or saying harsh things 34 spare me from his different from usual tongue (phr.) 35 strange (adj.) 36 tarried (v.) delayed 37 temper (n.) the usual attitude, mood or behaviour of a person 38 twin (adj.) 39 uneasily (adv.) one of the two children born on the same day to the same mother worriedly or nervously 40 uninvited (adj.) without invitation 41 wicked (adj.) very bad or unpleasant in a feeble or weak manner 42 with a whimper (phr.) NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 34 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

n. Key v. noun adj. verb adv. phr. adjective prn. adverb abbr. phrase pronoun abbreviation NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 35 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Mathematics Contents Class 4 7 Division 7.1 D ivide Large Numbers..............................................................................1 8 Fractions - I 8.1 E quivalent Fractions................................................................................10 8.2 Identify and Compare Like Fractions....................................................16 8.3 A dd and Subtract Like Fractions............................................................20 9 Fractions - II 9.1 F raction of a Number..............................................................................27 9.2 C onversions of Fractions.........................................................................30 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 36 1/7/2019 2:57:07 PM

Chapter Division 7 Let Us Learn About • dividing 4-digit numbers by 1-digit and 2-digit numbers. • dividing 3-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers. • properties of division. Concept 7.1: Divide Large Numbers Think Jasleen and seven of her friends want to share 3540 papers equally among themselves. Do you think the papers can be divided, without some being left over? Recall Recall that we can write two multiplication facts for a division fact. For example, a multiplication fact for 45 ÷ 9 = 5 can be written as 9 × 5 = 45 or 5 × 9 = 45. 45 ÷ 9 = 5 ↓ ↓ ↓ Dividend Divisor Quotient The number that is divided is called the dividend. The number that divides is called the divisor. The number of times the divisor divides the dividend is called the quotient. NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 37 1 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Factors Factors Multiplicand × Multiplier = Product Multiplicand × Multiplier = Product 5 × 9 = 45 9 × 5 = 45 ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Divisor Quotient Dividend Divisor Quotient Dividend The part of the dividend that remains without being divided is called the remainder. Let us solve the following to revise the concept of division. a) 72 ÷ 9 b) 42 ÷ 3 c) 120 ÷ 5 d) 80 ÷ 4 e) 24 ÷ 1 & Remembering and Understanding In Class 3, we have learnt that division and multiplication are reverse operations. Let us now understand the division of large numbers using multiplication. Division of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number Dividing a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number is similar to that of a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number. Example 1: Solve: 2065 ÷ 5 Solution: Steps Solved Solve these Step 1: Check if the thousands digit of the dividend is greater than the divisor. If it is )5 2065 )7 3748 not, consider the hundreds digit also. 2 is not greater than Dividend = _____ Step 2: Find the largest number in the 5. So, consider 20. Divisor = ______ multiplication table of the divisor that can Quotient = ____ be subtracted from the 2-digit number of 4 Remainder = ___ the dividend. Write the quotient. Write the product of the quotient and divisor below )5 2065 the dividend. -2 0 Step 3: Subtract and write the difference. 5 × 4 = 20 5 × 5 = 25 25 > 20 4 )5 2065 -20 0 2 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 38

Steps Solved Solve these Step 4: Check if difference < 0 < 5 (True) divisor is true. )3 2163 4 If it is false, the division is incorrect. Dividend = _____ Step 5: Bring down the tens digit of the )5 2065 Divisor = ______ dividend and write it near the remainder. Quotient = ____ −20↓ Remainder = ___ 06 )5 1555 Step 6: Find the largest number in the 5×1=5 multiplication table of the divisor that can 5 × 2 = 10 Dividend = _____ be subtracted from the 2-digit number in 5 < 6 < 10 Divisor = ______ the previous step. So, 5 is the required Quotient = ____ number. Remainder = ___ Step 7: Write the factor of the required 41 number, other than the divisor, as the quotient. )5 2 0 6 5 Write the product of the divisor and the − 20 ↓ quotient below the 2-digit number. 06 Then subtract them. − 05 01 Step 8: Repeat steps 6 and 7 till all the digits 1 < 5 (True) of the dividend are brought down. 4 13 Check if remainder < divisor is true. )5 2 0 6 5 Stop the division. (If this is false, the division is incorrect.) −2 0 ↓ 06 − 05 0 15 − 015 000 Step 9: Write the quotient and the Quotient = 413 remainder. Remainder = 0 Step 10: Check if (Divisor × Quotient) + 5 × 413 + 0 = 2065 Remainder = Dividend is true. If this is false, 2065 + 0 = 2065 the division is incorrect. 2065 = 2065 (True) Division 3 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 39 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Division of a 3-digit number by a 2-digit number Let us understand the division of 3-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers, through some examples. Example 2: Divide: 414 ÷ 12 Solution: )Write the dividend and the divisor as Divisor Dividend Steps Solved Solve these Step 1: Guess the quotient by thinking of )12 414 dividing 41 by 12. )14 324 Find the multiplication fact which has 12 × 3 = 36 the number less than or equal to the 12 × 4 = 48 dividend and the divisor. 36 < 41 < 48 So, 36 is the number to be subtracted from 41. Step 2: Write the factor other than the Write 3 in the quotient and Dividend = _____ Divisor = ______ dividend and the divisor as the quotient. 36 below 41, and subtract. Quotient = ____ Then bring down the next number in the dividend. 3 )12 414 −36 ↓ 054 Remainder = ___ Step 3: Guess the quotient by thinking of 12 × 4 = 48 )16 548 dividing 54 by 12. 12 × 5 = 60 Dividend = _____ Divisor = ______ Find the multiplication fact which has 48 < 54 < 60 Quotient = ____ the number less than or equal to the So, 48 is the number to be Remainder = ___ dividend and divisor. Write the factor subtracted from 54. other than the dividend and the divisor as the quotient. Write 4 in the quotient and 48 below 54, and subtract. 34 )12 414 −36 ↓ 054 − 048 6 Quotient = 34 Remainder = 6 4 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 40

Checking for the correctness of division: We can check whether our division is correct or not using a multiplication fact of the division. Step 1: Compare the remainder and the divisor. [Note: The remainder must always be less than the divisor.] Step 2: Check if (Quotient × Divisor) + Remainder = Dividend Let us now check if our division in example 2 is correct. Steps Checked Step 1: Remainder < Divisor Dividend = 414 Step 2: (Quotient × Divisor) + Divisor = 12 Remainder = Dividend Quotient = 34 Remainder = 6 6 < 12 (True) 34 × 12 + 6 = 414 408 + 6 = 414 414 = 414 (True) Note: a) If remainder > divisor, the division is incorrect. b) If (Quotient × Divisor) + Remainder is not equal to Dividend, the division is incorrect. Dividing a 4-digit number by a 2-digit number Dividing a 4-digit number by a 2-digit number is similar to dividing a 3-digit number by a 2-digit number. Let us understand this through the following example. Example 3: Solve: 2340 ÷ 15 Solution: Steps Solved Solve these Step 1: Check if the thousands digit 2 is not greater than 15. So, )12 5088 of the dividend is greater than the consider 23. divisor. If it is not, consider also the hundreds digit too. )15 2340 Division 5 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 41 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Steps Solved Solve these Step 2: Guess the quotient by 1 Dividend = _____ thinking of dividing 23 by 15. Divisor = ______ )15 2340 Quotient = _____ Remainder = _____ Find the multiplication fact which has −15 )14 4874 a number less than or equal to the 15 × 1 = 15 dividend and the divisor. 15 × 2 = 30 15 < 23 < 30 So, 15 is the required number. Step 3: Write the factor other than Write 1 in the quotient and 15 the dividend and the divisor as the below 23 and subtract. Then quotient. bring down the next number in the dividend. )1 15 2340 −15 ↓ 84 Step 4: Guess the quotient by 15 × 5 = 75 thinking of dividing 84 by 15. 15 × 6 = 90 Find the multiplication fact which has 75 < 84 < 90 Dividend = _____ a number less than or equal to the Divisor = ______ So, 75 is the required number Quotient = _____ dividend and the divisor. Remainder = _____ that is to be subtracted from Write the factor other than the dividend and the divisor as the 84. 156 quotient. )15 2340 − 15↓ 84 − 75 9 6 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 42

Steps Solved Solve these Step 5: Subtract and write the 15 × 5 = 75 )16 3744 difference. Repeat till all the digits of 15 × 6 = 90 the dividend are brought down. 90 = 90 So, 90 is the required number. 156 )15 2340 − 15↓ Dividend = _____ 84 Divisor = ______ Quotient = _____ − 75 90 − 90 00 Quotient = 156 Remainder = 0 Step 6: Check if (Divisor × Quotient) + 15 × 156 + 0 = 2340 Remainder = _____ Remainder = Dividend is true. If this is 2340 + 0 = 2340 false, the division is incorrect. 2340 = 2340 (True) Let us see some properties of division. Properties of division 1) Dividing a number by 1 gives the same number as the quotient. For example: 15 ÷ 1 = 15; 1257 ÷ 1 = 1257; 1 ÷ 1 = 1; 0 ÷ 1 = 0 2) Dividing a number by itself gives the quotient as 1. For example: 15 ÷ 15 = 1; 1257 ÷ 1257 = 1; 1 ÷ 1 = 1 3) Division by zero is not possible and is not defined. For example: 10 ÷ 0; 1257 ÷ 0; 1 ÷ 0 are not defined Division 7 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 43 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Application Division of large numbers can be applied in many real-life situations. Consider these examples. Example 4: 4720 apples are to be packed in 8 baskets. If each basket has the ) 590 same number of apples, how many apples are packed in each 8 4720 basket? − 40↓ Solution: Total number of apples = 4720 072 Number of baskets = 8 − 072 The number of apples packed in each basket = 4720 ÷ 8 0000 − 0000 Therefore, 590 apples are packed in each basket. 0000 Example 5: 2825 notebooks were distributed equally among 25 students. How many books did each student get? ) 113 Solution: Number of notebooks = 2825 25 2 8 2 5 Number of students = 25 −25↓ 032 Number of books each student got = 2825 ÷ 25 −025 Example 6: 0 075 Therefore, each student got 113 notebooks. − 0075 8308 people watched a hockey match. If 10 people watched 0000 from each cabin in the stadium, how many cabins were full? How Solution: many people were there in the remaining cabin? 830 Number of people = 8308 Number of people in each cabin = 10 )10 8 3 0 8 Number of cabins = 8308 ÷ 10 = 830 Number of people in the remaining cabin = 8 (Remainder in the −80↓ 30 − 30 008 division of 8308 by 10). Therefore, 8 people were remaining in the cabin. Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Let us see some more examples of situations where we use division of large numbers. 8 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 44

Example 7: A school has 530 students in the primary section, 786 students in the middle school and 658 students in the high school section. If equal number of students Solution: are seated in 6 halls, how many students are seated in each hall? Number of students in the primary section = 530 329 Number of students in the middle school section = 786 Number of students in the high school section = 658 )6 1974 Thus, the total number of students in the school = 530 + 786 + 658 = 1974 −18 Example 8: 1974 children are equally seated in 6 halls. 017 Solution: − 012 54 − 54 00 Therefore, the number of students in each hall = 1974 ÷ 6 = 329 students. Divide the largest 4-digit number by the largest 2-digit number. Write the quotient and the remainder. ) 101 The largest 4-digit number is 9999. The largest 2-digit number is 99. 99 9 9 9 9 The required division is 9999 ÷ 99 −99↓ 009 − 000 99 Quotient = 101; Remainder = 0 − 99 00 Drill Time Concept 7.1: Divide Large Numbers 1) Divide a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number. a) 1347 ÷ 6 b) 4367 ÷ 5 c) 3865 ÷ 4 d) 5550 ÷ 5 2) Divide a 4-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 2-digit number. a) 3195 ÷ 10 b) 612 ÷ 10 c) 2676 ÷ 12 d) 267 ÷ 11 3) Word Problems a) A n amount of ` 1809 is distributed equally among 9 women. How much money did each of them get? b) 10 boxes have 1560 pencils. How many pencils are there in a box? c) A school has 1254 students, who are equally grouped into 14 groups. How many students are there in each group? How many students are remaining? Division 9 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 45 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Chapter Fractions - I 8 Let Us Learn About • e quivalent fractions. • p roblems related to equivalent fractions. • like and unlike fractions. • adding and subtracting like fractions. Concept 8.1: Equivalent Fractions Think Jasleen cuts 3 apples into 18 equal pieces. Ravi cuts an apple into 6 equal pieces. Did both of them cut the apples into equal pieces? Recall In Class 3, we have learnt that a fraction is a part of a whole. A whole can be a region or a collection. When a whole is divided into two equal parts, each part is called ‘a half’. 11 22 ‘Half’ means 1 out of 2 equal parts. We write ‘half’ as 1 . 2 10 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 46

Two halves make a whole. Numerator Numbers of the form Denominator are called fractions. The total number of equal parts into which a whole is divided is called the denominator. The number of such equal parts taken is called the numerator. Similarly, each of the three equal parts of a whole is called a third. We write one-third as 1 and, two-thirds as 2 . 33 3 Three-thirds or 3 make a whole. Each of four equal parts of a whole is called a fourth or a quarter written as 1 . 4 Two such equal parts are called two-fourths, and three equal parts are called three-fourths, written as 2 and 3 respectively. Four quarters make a whole. 44 2 halves, 3 thirds, 4 fourths, 5 fifths, …, 10 tenths make a whole. So, we write a whole as 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ,...,10 and so on. 2 3 4 5 10 & Remembering and Understanding Fractions that denote the same part of a whole are called equivalent fractions. Let us now understand what equivalent fractions are. Suppose there is 1 bar of chocolate with Ram and Raj each as shown. chocolate with Ram chocolate with Raj Ram eats 1 of the chocolate. 5 Then the piece of chocolate he gets is Raj eats 2 of the chocolate. 10 Then the piece of chocolate he gets is Fractions - I 11 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 47 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

We see that both the pieces of chocolates are of the same size. So, we say that the fractions 1 and 2 are equivalent. We write them as 1 = 2 . 5 10 5 10 Example 1: Shade the regions to show equivalent fractions. a) [ 1 and 2 ] 36 b) [ 1 and 2 ] 48 Solution: a) 1 3 2 6 b) 1 4 2 8 Example 2: Find the figures that represent equivalent fractions. Also, mention the fractions. a) b) c) d) 12 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 48

Solution: The fraction represented by the shaded part of figure a) is 1 . 2 The shaded part of figure b) represents 2 . The shaded part of figure d) 4 represents 1 . 2 So, the shaded parts of figures a), b) and d) represent equivalent fractions. Application Let us see a few examples of equivalent fractions. Example 3: Shade the second figure to give a fraction equivalent to the first. Solution: 2 The fraction denoted in the first figure is . This is half of the given figure. Example 4: Solution: 4 So, to denote a fraction equivalent to the first, shade half of the the second figure as shown. Venu paints four-sixths of a cardboard and Raj paints two-thirds of a similar sized cardboard. Who has painted a larger area? Fraction of the cardboard painted by Venu and Raj are as follows: Venu Raj It is clear that, both Venu and Raj have painted an equal area on each of the cardboards. Fractions - I 13 NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 49 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) We have learnt how to find equivalent fractions using pictures. Let us see a few more examples involving equivalent fractions. Example 5: Find two fractions equivalent to the given fractions. Solution: a) 2 b) 33 11 66 To find fractions equivalent to the given fractions, we either multiply or divide both the numerator and the denominator by the same number. a) 2 11 W e see that 2 and 11 do not have any common factors. So, we cannot divide them to get an equivalent fraction of 2 . 11 T herefore, we multiply both the numerator and the denominator by the same number, say 5. 2 = 2 × 5 = 10 11 11× 5 55 Thus, 10 is a fraction equivalent to 2 . 55 11 2 L ikewise, we can multiply by any number of our choice to get more 11 fractions equivalent to it. b) 33 66 W e see that 33 and 66 have common factors 3, 11 and 33. So, dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 3, 11 or 33, we get fractions equivalent to 33 . 66 33 ÷ 3 = 11 , 33 ÷ 11 = 3 or 33 ÷ 33 = 1 66 ÷ 3 22 66 ÷11 6 66 ÷ 33 2 Therefore, 11 , 3 and 1 are the fractions equivalent to 33 . 2 66 22 6 14 1/7/2019 2:57:08 PM NR_BGM_9789386663351 MAPLE G04 INTEGRATED TEXTBOOK TERM 2_Text.pdf 50

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