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Home Explore 202110554-SUMMIT-STUDENT-WORKBOOK-EVS_I-G04-PART2

202110554-SUMMIT-STUDENT-WORKBOOK-EVS_I-G04-PART2

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by classklap ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES – I WORKBOOK – PART 2 Enhanced Edition 4

Preface IMAX partners with schools, supporting them with learning materials and processes that are all crafted to work together as an interconnected system to drive learning. IMAX presents the latest version of the Summit series – specially crafted as an accompanying workbook series for the Maharashtra state board textbooks. The Summit series endeavours to be faithful to the spirit of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 in conjunction with the content covered and approach adopted in the Maharashtra state board textbooks. The larger aim of the NCF 2005 regarding science teaching is to acknowledge and address the dynamic nature of science by focusing on the development of skills to acquire and process information scientifically. It also recommends the use of graphics, illustrations and pictures to help students to engage with concepts and ideas better. Below are some salient features of the Summit EVS-I workbooks series:  Arrangement of questions based on the RUAH (Remember, Understand, Apply and Higher Order Thinking Skills) model based on Bloom’s Taxonomy  Stimulating Application and Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) questions that ensure students engage with the content and not just focus on rote learning  Effective use of concept-maps to enable learning of structures, processes and phenomena  Exposure to locally relevant environmental problem solving  All textbook questions that require space for writing have been included Overall, the IMAX Summit series aims to enhance the development of scientific temper along with the inculcation of healthy habits, skills and values that promote environmentally sensitive and culturally responsive democratic citizenship among students. – The Authors 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 2 3/24/2018 11:39:08 AM

Workbook Features Concept Map Remembering A graphic organiser to be used to Questions aimed at helping students to recap the main points covered in the recollect critical information regarding lesson the ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’ of the concept Application Understanding Applying the understanding of the concept to questions related to real-life Questions aimed at helping students scenarios engage with the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the concept Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Extending the application of the concept to more advanced and challenging questions that meet the criteria of higher order thinking skills Formative Activity Activities that can be used for the Activities that can be done to enhance Formative Assessments learning Inside the Lab Hands-on experience provided for creating, designing something innovative and/or useful 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 3 3/24/2018 11:39:08 AM

Contents Page No. Lesson 1 9 13. Directions and Maps 17 14. Maps and Symbols 25 15. My District, My State 33 16. Day and Night 39 17. My Upbringing 47 18. Changes in the Family and Neighbourhood 54 19. My Delightful School 61 20. I’ll be Responsible and Sensitive 68 21. Management of Community Life 76 22. Transport and Communication 83 23. Natural Disasters 24. Are We Endangering Our Environment? Inside the Lab 90 Activity D: Day and Night Activity E: Braille Greeting Card Activity F: Roller Note: Lessons in blue colour are from Social Studies and lessons in green colour are from Science. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 4 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Lesson Directions and Maps 13 Concept Map Complete the given concept map. Directions and Maps Map: it is a __________________ Direction: ____________________ of the Earth’s surface or a part towards which someone or of the surface. (4) something faces. (1) There are __________________ main directions. (2) ______________________________ shows all the directions and sub-directions. (3) Remembering 1 Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) Map is a drawing of the Earth’s ___________________________. 2) Maps must be aligned to local ______________________________. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 5 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

3) Places around us are always located at a ______________________ from each other. 4) _________________________ can be our guide in finding directions. Strike out the wrong words 5) Maps are comparatively smaller/larger than actual places. 6) Directions and sub-directions are seen together in a compass rose/scale. 7) Maps have limited/unlimited space. 8) The Sun rises in the west/east. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) What do we use to find out the location or position of a place? (Textbook, Pg. 85) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 10) Why is a scale given in maps? (Textbook, Pg. 85) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 2 Understanding [] Very Short Answer Questions Mark true or false 11) North, south, east and west are sub-directions. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 6 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

12) Scales show proportional distance from the map to the ground. [ ] Circle the correct word 13) North-east / South-east lies between North and East directions. 14) A ligning maps to local directions makes it tougher / easier to understand the map and region. Short Answer Questions Give reasons 15) Maps must be aligned to local directions. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 16) Distance between places must be shown in a very limited space on a map. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 17) A map of India’s north-east states, 3 commonly called the Seven Sisters is given. Look at the map and answer the following questions. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 7 Directions and Maps 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

a) The seven sisters are surrounded by four different countries. Find and enlist them. b) O ne Indian state which is not a part of Seven Sisters also appears on the map. Name the state. c) Which state is to the west of ‘Assam’? d) Name the state which is to the north-east of Mizoram using the compass rose. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Application Very Short Answer Questions Answer in one word 18) The direction that lies diagonally opposite to south-east Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 19) The direction in which the sun sets 4 Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 20) T he distance between Rasika and Reshma’s houses is 10 kilometres (km). The scale used on the map is 1 cm = 1 km. On the map, what would be the distance between the two houses? (Textbook, Pg. 84) Draw the distance below, using a ruler. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 8 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Ans. T hink and tell 5 21) What does the name of every sub-direction start with? Explain with an example. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question What’s the solution? (Textbook, Pg. 85) 22) R anjana and Julie are going on a picnic. They want to go from their residence to a garden. They have a map of the area. (Refer to textbook page 85 for the map.) a) Help them find out the distance from their residence to the garden. b) Help them find out the direction of the garden from their residence. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 9 Directions and Maps 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question Answer the following 23) What is an atlas? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Activity 24) L ook at the political map of India carefully and answer the questions that follow. a) Name the states that Haryana shares its borders with. b) Name the state to the south of Jammu and Kashmir. c) Name the water body that is found to the west of Maharashtra. d) Place the compass rose on Telangana and make a list of all the states that are 6 situated along the main directions. e) Name the two states which are found at the southern tip of India. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 10 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 7 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 11 Directions and Maps 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Formative 25) Vastu Shastra Stage 1: Answer the following questions. • What is the meaning of vastu? • What is the meaning of shastra? • What is the similar system for architecture in Malaysia? T _____ j _____ l M _____ l u k • What is the similar system for architecture in China? F _____ _____ g S _____ u i Stage 2: Draw a map of your house. Talk to the elders in your family. Does your house follow the principles of Vastu Shastra? Stage 3: Ancient sciences were based on logic that worked during those days. Does that logic still apply? Write an essay to explain whether you think it is important to follow these ancient sciences or not. 8 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 12 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Lesson Maps and Symbols 14 Concept Map Complete the given concept map. Maps and Symbols Symbols Maps They help us with directions and They are used in ___________________ in finding ___________________. (1) to represent real objects. (2) Remembering 9 Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) School is a ______________________ thing. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 13 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

2) O ur ancestors used animal skins and other materials to make ________________________. 3) Mesopotamia civilization was present around _______________________ years ago. 4) Special symbols are used for making a _____________________. Strike out the wrong word 5) Weather/Map helps to find the location. 6) River/House is a natural thing. 7) Chair/TV is made from natural resource. 8) Moving/Non-moving objects are not included in the map. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) Where do materials for man-made objects come from? (Textbook, Pg. 91) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Think and tell 10) Which of the maps shown below is complete? (Textbook, Pg. 91) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 10 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 14 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Understanding Very Short Answer Questions Observe the picture on textbook page 87 and state whether the following statements are true or false 11) police c is on the left side of the park. [    ] 12) post office is close to Anju’s school. [] 13) A red van is standing in front of the post office. [    ] Answer in one word 14) W hat do we use to show elements of the environment on a map? (Textbook, Pg. 91) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 15) W hat are the non-moving, man-made things that you see daily on your way to school? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Find and tell 11 16) Find the information about your friend’s locality and note it down. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 15 Maps and Symbols 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Long Answer Question Answer the following 17) Y our school is arranging a trip to Aurangabad. Using a map, find out the places of interest in Aurangabad. Make a note of them. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Application Very Short Answer Questions Answer in one sentence 18) Why do we need a map? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 19) Name any two man-made objects in your class that are made from natural resources. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions 12 Give reasons 20) What elements of the environment are not shown on a map? Why? (Textbook, Pg. 91) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 16 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Think and tell 13 21) Your house is located on the main road. How will you give directions to your friend to come to your house? (Hint: in front of a shop, church next to my building, hospital) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Make friends with the maps! (Textbook, Pg. 90) 22) Study the map of Maharashtra given on page 90 of your textbook and complete the activity. a) Our State has a historical heritage. Maharashtra has forts near the sea, in the mountains and on the plains. Write the names of districts which have forts. b) Write the names of districts with hot water springs. c) Classify man-made and natural objects with the help of the index. d) T here is a national highway and a railway line between Pune and Kolhapur. Write which of these is shorter. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 17 Maps and Symbols 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question What’s the solution? 23) J acob has to make a map of his locality. He saw the things shown in the box alongside in his locality. Which of these things should he show in his map? Help him. (Textbook, Pg. 91) A house, a flying crow, a police station, cows, a post office, buffaloes, a school, a vehicle, a square, a road, a tower and a farm Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Activity 24) Try this. (Textbook, Pg. 86) a) Observe the area around your school/house carefully. Make a list of things you find in the area. b) Classify the items in your list into natural and man-made things. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 14 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 18 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Formative 25) Symbols around us Stage 1: Observe the roads and the places around your home and school. You will see certain signs and symbols that will help you locate certain places. Draw and colour five symbols you see in your surroundings and write what they mean. Stage 2: Create a symbol for each of the elements given below. Do not refer to anything for ideas. bridge hospital stadium bus stop post office 15 Stage 3: On the given map of a street in Pune, find the symbols for the following and draw them in the boxes. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 19 Maps and Symbols 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

bridge hospital stadium bus stop post office 16 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 20

Lesson My District, My State 15 Concept Map Complete the given concept map. My District, My State Languages Components of a state and dialects Marathi is the state Made up of settlements, villages, towns, _______________________ and districts (1) language of Maharashtra. Celebrations Crops, climate, and festivals soil and water Different ____________________________ ______________________ is the main result in a variety of festivals occupation in Maharashtra. (3) celebrated. (2) Remembering 17 Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) Man began to _______________________ the land. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 21 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

2) T he hamlets and settlements grew into ___________________________________ which then developed into cities. 3) Villages, cities and towns form a ____________________________. 4) ______________________________ river is the longest river in Maharashtra. Circle the correct word 5) The Arabian Sea is to the west / east of Maharashtra. 6) Mumbai / Nagpur is the capital of Maharashtra. 7) The Sahyadri mountains are also called the ‘Eastern / Western Ghats’. 8) Satpuda mountain is in the northern / southern part of our state. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) How is a state formed? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 10) W hich river in eastern Maharashtra flows from the north to the south? (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 18 ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 22 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Understanding Very Short Answer Questions Mark true or false 11) Rainfall has an effect on agriculture. [] 12) Different regions of Maharashtra get the same amounts of rainfall. [ ] Answer in one word 13) Which districts in the State grow jowar? (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 14) Type of agriculture which mostly depends on rainfall: Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 15) On which factors does the production of crops depend? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Think and tell 19 16) A re villages, towns, cities, talukas, districts, states and countries man-made or naturally formed? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 23 My District, My State 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Long Answer Question Make friends with maps! 17) The physical map of our State is given on textbook page 94. Study it carefully and write the answers to the following questions: (Textbook, Pg. 94 and 95) a) What is the name of the mountain that spreads from north to south in our State? b) What is the name given to the region to the west of this mountain? c) On the shore of which sea does this region lie? d) What is the area to the east of the Sahyadri mountains called? e) What is the name of the mountain in the northern part of our State? f) Which is the river in our State which flows from the east to the west? g) Write the names of two rivers which flow from north-west to south-east. h) W rite the names of any two rivers which have their origin in the Sahyadri mountain and flow into the Arabian sea. i) Find the ranges which originate in the Sahyadri mountain and spread to the east. Write their names. j) Write the names of any three dams shown on the map. k) Which rivers are these dams built on? l) Name the important ghats in the Sahyadri mountain. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 20 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 24 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Application Very Short Answer Questions 21 Strike out the wrong word 18) We should use chemical fertilisers sparingly/often. 19) Rice crop requires high/low rainfall. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 20) Which parts of Maharashtra grow oranges? (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 21) Why is the 1st of May celebrated in our State? (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Find and tell 22) Which parts of Maharashtra grow the crops of coconut, betel-nut and mango? (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 25 My District, My State 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

23) Mention the dialects of Marathi spoken in your locality. (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 24) S tudy and understand the climate of your district. Make a list of the main crops grown in the district according to the climate. (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question What’s the solution? (Textbook, Pg. 100) 22 25) S udhir and Swapnil have come to your town. They wish to take home a famous food item from your district. Which food item will you give them? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 26 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Activity 26) Draw a picture of your favourite festival. (Textbook, Pg. 100) Ans. 23 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 27 My District, My State 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Formative 27) The mountains, plateaus and plains in my home Stage 1: Draw a map of your house. If you have drawn a map of your house already, then make sure you add all the furniture. For example, draw your dining table, bed, chairs, and the other furniture in your house. Stage 2: Measure the heights of all the furniture in your house. Use five colours to show the different heights. For example, in the map below, the highest parts of India are coloured brown and the land that is at the level of the sea is green. In your map, the tall pieces of furniture will be like the mountains in the map and the floor will be the land near the sea. 24 Stage 3: Colour your map carefully, paying attention to the different heights. Present your map to the class. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 28 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Lesson Day and Night 16 Concept Map Complete the given concept map. Day and Night Day Earth’s features It is day in the other half part of the Earth as it gets The Earth’s shape is that of a ______________________. (3) very large ______________________. (1) The Earth spins about itself just like a top. 25 The whole day has _____________ hours. (2) From December to June, days are longer. From June to December, days are shorter. Night It is night in the other half of the Earth as it doesn’t get sunlight. 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 29 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Remembering Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) The sun appearing in the sky in the morning is called _____________________________. (Textbook, Pg. 104) 2) T he disappearance of the sun from the sky in the evening is called ___________________. (Textbook, Pg. 104) 3) The spinning of the Earth around itself is called _______________________ of the Earth. 4) We say that it is __________________________ in the half of the Earth that gets light. Mark true or false 5) We live on the Earth. [] 6) The cycle of day and night goes on without stopping. [      ] 7) Light from the Sun reaches the entire Earth at one and the same time. ] [ 8) The Sun goes around the Earth. [] Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) a) What is the Earth shaped like? (Textbook, Pg. 104) 26 b) From where does the Earth get light? (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 30 3/24/2018 11:39:09 AM

Think and tell 10) When do we say that it is daytime? (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 11) When do we say that it is night-time? (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 12) The whole day has ______________________________ hours. (Textbook, Pg. 104) 13) F rom March 22 till ____________________________ our days become longer and the nights shorter. (Textbook, Pg. 104) Mark true or false 14) The number of hours in the day and the night on March 22 are equal. (Textbook, Pg. 104) [ ] 27 15) On September 22, the lengths of the day and the night are unequal. (Textbook, Pg. 104) [ ] 16) In our part of the earth, on December 22, the day is the longest and the night shortest. (Textbook, Pg. 104) [ ] 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 31 Day and Night 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

17) In our part of the earth, on June 21, the day is the longest and the night, shortest. (Textbook, Pg. 104) [] Short Answer Questions Give reasons 18) We have day and night on the Earth. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Think and tell 19) O n a new moon day, we cannot see the moon even though it is there in the sky. Why is that so? (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Answer the following 20) Describe the spinning of the earth. (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 28 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 32 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

21) Describe the cycle of day and night. (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Application Very Short Answer Questions 29 Circle the correct word 22) On December 22nd / June 21st, our night is the longest and the day is the shortest. 23) In the month of May / November, the Sun rises a little earlier every day and sets a little later every day. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 24) a) In which month do the days become shorter and shorter, while nights become longer and longer? b) In which month do the days become longer and longer, while the nights become shorter and shorter? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 33 Day and Night 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Think and tell 25) Why do birds return to their nests earlier in winter than in summer? (Textbook, Pg. 104) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 26) Explain the cycle of change in the length of days and nights. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question Answer the following 30 27) T here are 24 hours in one day. Why is it so that we work during the daytime and sleep at night? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 34 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Activity 28) W e are awake during the day and sleep at night. But there are some animals that sleep during the day and are active at night. Make a list of such animals. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Formative 29) Survival! Stage 1: In the circles given below, write your needs and your wants. Make sure you consider everything carefully and choose only those things without which you cannot live to put into the needs circle. My Needs My Wants 31 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 35 Day and Night 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Stage 2: Display your circles. Discuss the items in each circle and if needed, add or subtract things from your circles. Stage 3: Make a flowchart to show where your needs come from. You need to trace the origins of these needs right to the Sun. Make sure you don’t miss any stage. 32 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 36

Lesson My Upbringing 17 Concept Map Complete the given concept map. My Upbringing How do we learn? Upbringing when someone teaches us The different things we learn as through observation and we grow up together make up our ______________________ (1) upbringing. Who influences What do we learn? our upbringing? parents, relatives, friends basic activities: brushing, neighbours ____________________ (2), eating without spilling, ___________________ (3) with older people and so on 33 other activities: riding a bicycle, filling your bag, buying groceries and so on good habits and to become a good person 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 37 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Remembering Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) Our loved ones try hard to see that we develop _____________________ habits. (Textbook, Pg. 109) 2) Our neighbours also influence our ____________________. (Textbook, Pg. 109) 3) People who are close to us teach us how to do our own ____________________. 4) Parents teach us how to ____________________ with others. 5) Everything we learn is not ____________________ to us. Guess who? 6) ________________ climbs the hill with the Ajoba next door. (Textbook, Pg. 109) 7) Supriya loves to read because of her ________________. (Textbook, Pg. 109) 8) The lady next door taught ________________ about self-reliance. (Textbook, Pg. 109) Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) How do we learn about diversity? (Textbook, Pg. 109) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 34 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 10) How do we develop certain likes and dislikes? (Textbook, Pg. 109) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 38 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Very Short Answer Questions Mark true or false 11) Parents help us correct our mistakes. [] 12) When we perform our tasks properly we are de-motivated. [      ] Strike out the wrong word 13) We can/cannot learn unconsciously. 14) Respecting our elders is a good/bad habit. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 15) What are the important things our upbringing tries to teach us? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Think and tell 16) Who are the different people who influence our upbringing? 35 Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 39 My Upbringing 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Long Answer Question Answer the following 17) How do our neighbours influence our upbringing? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Application Very Short Answer Questions Answer in one word 18) With whom did your upbringing begin? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ 19) Who taught you to ride a cycle? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ Short Answer Questions Answer the following 36 20) What have you learnt from your observations? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 21) What have your grandparents taught you? 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 40 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Ans. _______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Answer the following 22) Like Pratap, Heena and Supriya, have you learnt anything from your neighbours? Write about it. (Textbook, Pg. 108) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question 37 Think and tell 23) Do you think children in other countries have exactly the same upbringing as you? Give reasons to support your answer. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Activity 24) M ake a list of the new things that your friends have learnt during the vacation. (Textbook, Pg. 109) 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 41 My Upbringing 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Formative 25) I am, I want to be… Stage 1: Draw a picture of yourself in the box given. Use eight words to describe yourself. For example, smart, cheerful, lazy and others. 38 Stage 2: Now write 10 sentences about how you want to be. For example, ‘I want to be less lazy.’ Stage 3: Choose three people you know and admire. Write two sentences each about how you want to be like them. For example, ‘I want to be like my younger brother who is very active. He does not say ‘no’ to any work that anyone needs him to do.’ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 42 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Lesson Changes in the Family and 18 Neighbourhood Concept Map Complete the given concept map. Changes in the Family and Neighbourhood Migration Families 39 big and small families birds: food and ________________ (1) Diversity humans: for work and food, ___________________, ____________________ (2) _____________________ (3) Means of communication Neighbourhood provides us help in the time letters, telephone, of trouble __________________ (4) 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 43 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Remembering Very Short Answer Questions Fill in the blanks 1) M oving from one place to another in order to live there is called _______________________. (Textbook, Pg. 114) 2) As we migrate, we can see the ____________________ in our country. (Textbook, Pg. 114) 3) The number of people in a family may __________________________ or _______________________ due to marriage. 4) Friendly and harmonious relations make for ______________________ community life. Strike out the wrong word 5) W  hen a person in the family passes away, the number of members increases / reduces. 6) Flamingoes are birds/animals. 7) Birds fly in a flock/herd. 8) With time the family system changes/remains same. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 9) Which place do we call our native place? 40 Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Think and tell 10) Which is the fastest way of communication? 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 44 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Understanding Very Short Answer Questions 11) Match the following 1) neighbours a) modern means of communication 2) letters b) means of livelihood 3) internet c) help each other 4) agriculture d) uncles, aunts, cousins 5) relatives e) help stay in touch Circle the correct words 12) We visit our native place during exams / marriages. 13) We can turn to our neighbours / strangers for immediate help. 14) Sugar cane harvesters / businessmen migrate to different places frequently. Short Answer Questions Give reasons 15) Why did it become impossible to feed everyone in the family by farming alone? 41 (Textbook, Pg. 114) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Changes in the Family and Neighbourhood 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 45 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Think and tell 16) Why does man migrate? (Textbook, Pg. 114) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Questions Give reasons 17) Big families were scattered. (Textbook, Pg. 114) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 18) Relations with neighbours become friendly. (Textbook, Pg. 114) Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 42 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 46 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Application Very Short Answer Questions 43 Strike out the wrong words 19) We need stamps/e-mail addresses to send mails on the internet. 20) Fishing/Agriculture is the main means of livelihood for people living in coastal areas. Short Answer Questions Answer the following 21) List a few means of communications we use to stay in touch with our family and friends. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 22) Why do children of migrant workers keep moving from one school to the other? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Long Answer Question Give reasons 23) Why do we need good neighbours? Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Changes in the Family and Neighbourhood 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 47 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Higher Order Thinking Skills (H.O.T.S.) Short Answer Question Answer the following 24) Give two examples of fishes that migrate for feeding and breeding. Ans. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Activity 25) Make a collection of postal stamps. (Textbook, Pg. 114 ) Ans. 44 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 48 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

Formative 26) When I was young… Stage 1: Choose three people who are over the age of fifty to interview. Write their names in the first row and two sentences about what you know about them in the second row of the space provided below. Name  What I already know about this person: One change he/ she feels bad about: One thing he/she 45 feels proud about changing in his/her life: One thing that he/ she misses about his/her childhood: Stage 2: Interview these three people and ask them the following questions. • What are two changes they see in family life between when they were ten years old and now? Changes in the Family and Neighbourhood 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 49 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM

• Which changes do they feel bad about? • Which changes do they feel proud of? • What is that one thing he/she misses about his/her childhood? Fill in the answers in the columns of the given table. Stage 3: Draw a picture of what you imagine their childhood was like in the box given below. Ans. 46 3/24/2018 11:39:10 AM 51704087_BGM_9789387848863_Summit G4 Environmental Studies 1 Workbook Part 2_Text_Revised.pdf 50


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